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Bilingual, Multilingual, and Multicultural Education Commons

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Articles 1 - 4 of 4

Full-Text Articles in Bilingual, Multilingual, and Multicultural Education

Responding To Linguistic Diversity, Nancy Commins Oct 2015

Responding To Linguistic Diversity, Nancy Commins

Nancy L. Commins

Second language learners arrive at every grade level with a variety of experiences and differing academic backgrounds. Responding to their learning needs means accommodating the entire range of students from monolingual English speakers to monolingual speakers of other languages, and a variety of bilingual profiles in between. This article discusses how schools adopt a "blue pathway" mindset for improving instruction for all learners. The blue pathway, which also leads to academic competence, represents best practice for second language learners--strategies and approaches that from the outset account for language proficiency and cultural diversity. Instruction on the blue pathway can be summed ...


A Descriptive Study Of The Linguistic Abilities Of A Selected Group Of Low Achieving Hispanic Bilingual Students, Nancy Commins, Ofelia Miramontes Oct 2015

A Descriptive Study Of The Linguistic Abilities Of A Selected Group Of Low Achieving Hispanic Bilingual Students, Nancy Commins, Ofelia Miramontes

Nancy L. Commins

A study investigated the notion that bilingual students' low academic achievement may be due to semilingualism (having limited language skills) in each of the two languages, and the cognitive deficits that presumably result. The subjects were two boys and two girls from the fifth and sixth grades with low proficiency in either English or Spanish. Data were drawn from observations and audiotaping of natural and structured conversations and interviews were conducted with each family to provide information on the students' language performance both within and outside school. No evidence emerged that any subject mixed Spanish and English, but all code-switched ...


Affirmative Action: History And Analysis, Dorothy Garrison-Wade, Chance Lewis Sep 2015

Affirmative Action: History And Analysis, Dorothy Garrison-Wade, Chance Lewis

Dorothy Garrison-Wade

From its inception, affirmative action policies were created to improve the employment and/or educational opportunities for members of minority groups and women. Even today, however, the debate continues over the future of affirmative action. Proponents offer empirical evidence illustrating that affirmative action has been favorable in aiding minorities and/or women to achieve parity in seeking education at the most elite institutions in this country. This empirical evidence has focused on descriptive statistics such as increasing enrollment for minorities (NCES, 2001). Research supports that affirmative action promotes academic and social development for all students; diverse classrooms do not weaken ...


The Impact Of White Teachers On The Academic Achievement Of Black Students: An Exploratory Qualitative Analysis, Bruce Douglas, Chance Lewis, Adrian Douglas, Malcom Scott, Dorothy Garrison-Wade Sep 2015

The Impact Of White Teachers On The Academic Achievement Of Black Students: An Exploratory Qualitative Analysis, Bruce Douglas, Chance Lewis, Adrian Douglas, Malcom Scott, Dorothy Garrison-Wade

Dorothy Garrison-Wade

In today's school systems, students of color, particularly in urban settings, represent the majority student populations (Lewis, Hancock, James, & Larke, in press). Interestingly, the educators--teachers and administrators--that comprise these settings are predominately White, and, in turn, the students of color commonly face pressures that students who do not share the racial and cultural background of the educators do not (Landsman & Lewis, 2006). This study on black student perceptions of their White teachers is grounded in Milner's (2006) theoretical assumptions, which focus on problems that White teachers commonly experience when teaching students of color, particularly African American students in K-12 educational settings. The following research questions guided this study: (1) What role do White teachers play in facilitating Black students' success or contributing to their academic failure?; (2) Do White teachers' views of Black students allow them to address the educational needs of these Black students?; and (3) Do Black students have perceptions of White teachers' ideas, beliefs, and values that get in the way of their academic achievement? For the purpose of this study, a qualitative research design utilizing retrospective interviews was employed (Reiff, Gerber, & Ginsberg, 1997). The eight Black students in this study included five females and three males. Based on the data collected during the interviews, four themes emerged that characterized the experiences of the Black in this study. These themes included: (a) Respect: I Need Respect; (b) Stereotypes: Don't Pass Judgment on Me; (c) The Administrators Need to Check Themselves; and (d) We Like This Environment ...