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1986

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Articles 1 - 30 of 34

Full-Text Articles in Bilingual, Multilingual, and Multicultural Education

Identification Of Learning Impaired Linguistically Different Students In Rochester, New York, Suburban Schools, Lucille Testa Stone May 1986

Identification Of Learning Impaired Linguistically Different Students In Rochester, New York, Suburban Schools, Lucille Testa Stone

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This paper reviews the legal basis for Bilingual Education and Special Education which have formed the framework for Bilingual Special Education.

Assessment procedures and considerations utilized to screen linguistically different students in the area of language dominance/proficiency and IQ measurement are examined. The advantages and disadvantages of assessment tools such as culture free tests, translated tests, regional norms, adaptive scales, criterion reference measures and pluralistic assessment techniques are discussed.

Included are the results of a questionnaire which was distributed to the directors of Special Education in thirty-two schools in and near Monroe County. The purpose of this questionnaire was ...


Science In The Secondary Schools Of Tanzania, Oliver P.J. Mhaiki Jan 1986

Science In The Secondary Schools Of Tanzania, Oliver P.J. Mhaiki

Master's Capstone Projects

No abstract provided.


Community Links As An Alternative Strategy For Third World Development, Jill A. Tucker Jan 1986

Community Links As An Alternative Strategy For Third World Development, Jill A. Tucker

Master's Capstone Projects

No abstract provided.


Becoming Professional, Shawn Elyn Gutshall Jan 1986

Becoming Professional, Shawn Elyn Gutshall

MA TESOL Collection

This paper is about the issues which I felt were crippling me professionally and the means by which I was able to overcome them. My second internship, done in August directly after completing the MAT Program in June, is the central focus. The entire discussion covers a time period of five months and is divided into three sections: pre-internship preparation, the internship experience, and a post-internship teaching position. Section I discusses the work I did prior to the internship which helped me establish specific objectives and guidelines to follow for obtaining my goal. Section II talks about the specific aspects ...


A Collection Of Original Stories And Lessons For Teaching Idiomatic Expressions, Elisabeth C. Glister Jan 1986

A Collection Of Original Stories And Lessons For Teaching Idiomatic Expressions, Elisabeth C. Glister

MA TESOL Collection

This project consists of a series of twelve original stories that each incorporate 10-20 commonly used American English idiomatic expressions. A list of the expressions used is included with each story.· Each expression is defined and an example of its use is given.

Eight different activities that can be used to work with the stores are offered. Included are some techniques for teaching the students some important metalinguistical phrases. Finally suggestions are made to other teachers as to how they can write their own stories.


Conducting Workshops That Assist Content Area Teachers With Esl Students: Two Models, Janet Sue Gerba Jan 1986

Conducting Workshops That Assist Content Area Teachers With Esl Students: Two Models, Janet Sue Gerba

MA TESOL Collection

This project describes the preparation of a workshop given for content area and regular classroom teachers In Nutley, New Jersey, who had ESL students. The purpose of the workshop was to improve the teachers' ability to work effectively with these students. The preparation included selecting the topics to be covered, conducting the research and organizing the structure and details of the workshop. An outline of that workshop and suggestions for giving one like It are presented.

The project further describes the preparation of a TESOL demonstration given for ESL teachers and administrators In which they were shown how to give ...


Materials Development Project: The Development Of An Esl Program At Mci-Framingham, Sara Dunham Jan 1986

Materials Development Project: The Development Of An Esl Program At Mci-Framingham, Sara Dunham

MA TESOL Collection

A presentation of ESL methods and activities developed while teaching English as a second language to female Hispanic inmates at MCI-Framingham (Massachusetts Correctional Institution). Includes an in-depth discussion of an ESL Tutor-Training Workshop that trained advanced ESL students to tutor beginning ESL students. Emphasis on results of program through progress of student/inmates.


Esl Curriculum Development In Southeast Asia: A Personal Account, Kathleen M. Corey Jan 1986

Esl Curriculum Development In Southeast Asia: A Personal Account, Kathleen M. Corey

MA TESOL Collection

This paper provides an account of the development of the Southeast Asian Department of State Overseas Refugee Training Program's competency-based ESL curriculum. The author relates her personal experience as the curriculum, developer for the refugee program in Ban Vinai, Thailand in 1980 and 1981. The paper discusses the history of competency-based education and explains why a competency-based model was chosen. The paper concludes with a discussion of the principles that guide ESL instruction in the overseas training program.


Using Music To Teach Spanish, Isabel Lowrie Childs Jan 1986

Using Music To Teach Spanish, Isabel Lowrie Childs

MA TESOL Collection

The purpose of this project is to discuss different ways for teachers to use songs in language class, specifically in Spanish classes. The paper contains three sections for beginning, intermediate, and advanced levels.

At the beginning of each of the three sections I have written an introduction stating why the songs are appropriate for that level. Each song also has an introduction consisting of a title page which includes a brief description and comments on why I chose the song. Each song is presented with a breakdown of all the lexical items and grammatical structures found in the song. Following ...


Eighteen Language Teaching Techniques: A Report On A Chinese Tutorial, Yalin Chen Jan 1986

Eighteen Language Teaching Techniques: A Report On A Chinese Tutorial, Yalin Chen

MA TESOL Collection

This is a report on an experience of tutoring Mandarin Chinese for 28 hours. The report consists of a description and discussion of 18 techniques used in the tutorial. Each technique is discussed in terms of the following: Objectives--what the student is expected to learn from the technique; Rationale--the reasons for using that particular technique to meet the objectives; Procedure-­ a description of the activities used in class; Comments--an evaluation of the effectiveness of the technique and ideas for follow up or expansion; Implications for teaching—the applicability to language teaching in general. The techniques are geared to helping the ...


Welcome To New York City Community Orientation Programs For International Students, Stacey Klein Jan 1986

Welcome To New York City Community Orientation Programs For International Students, Stacey Klein

MA TESOL Collection

This paper examines some of the needs of international students at New York area colleges and universities. Students' relationship with the New York community is introduced as a significant variable in their experience. A comprehensive community orientation program offered by Metro-International during the 1985-1986 academic year is presented and evaluated.


Using A Computer With The Language Experience Approach, Carol Marie Jennings Jan 1986

Using A Computer With The Language Experience Approach, Carol Marie Jennings

MA TESOL Collection

This paper attempts to explore the use of a computer in language learning. It describes twenty lessons that were given to a non-native speaker using a computer with the Language Experience Approach. It includes three hypotheses that were formulated before the lessons began, the rationale of how the hypotheses were developed, a description of the lessons, and conclusions. The paper lists difficulties that were encountered in the lessons as well as factors that helped learning.


Independence In Language Learning: How Can Teachers Encourage It?, Diane Ethel Witters Jan 1986

Independence In Language Learning: How Can Teachers Encourage It?, Diane Ethel Witters

MA TESOL Collection

This paper documents a teacher's exploration of independence in language learning before, during, and after an eight-week English teaching internship at the Institute Cultural Americana in Orizaba, Mexico. It examines what independence means for language students, and it defines student and teacher responsibilities in a classroom where learners are encouraged to become more self-reliant. Three strategies are outlined for promoting independence in the classroom. These strategies are: increasing communication between student and teacher to ensure that the course is relevant to the student's and teacher's goals, making the student's full range of resources more recognized and ...


Presenting Cultural Awareness, Andrew Willimetz Jan 1986

Presenting Cultural Awareness, Andrew Willimetz

MA TESOL Collection

This project is a collection of activities and materials for teaching U.S culture in ESL classes. The overall purpose of the activities and materials IS to provide structured opportunities for students to interact with the target culture, either directly through the cultural environment of the U.S or indirectly through viewing the values and beliefs of the students' "original culture.


Combining Process And Product In A Business Writing Course, Stephen Ellis Turner Jan 1986

Combining Process And Product In A Business Writing Course, Stephen Ellis Turner

MA TESOL Collection

This thesis documents a business writing course taught in an in­company progamme in Japan from September to December 1985. Each student's writing is based upon his own individual working situation and experience. The course emphasizes the importance of having students experience writing as a process and attempts to show how process and product are inter­ related.

The core materials used in the course are mostly based upon actual company correspondence. These and the students' own writing assignments provide the input for the class. The course stresses the necessity for materials to which the students can relate and which ...


The Subjunctive As An Esl Teaching Tool With Emphasis On The Modal Verbs, Burr Thomas Jan 1986

The Subjunctive As An Esl Teaching Tool With Emphasis On The Modal Verbs, Burr Thomas

MA TESOL Collection

Contrary to most analyses, the subjunctive mode plays a major, if sometimes subtle, role in English grammar. Related western European languages have similar subjunctives, and examining the function of the Spanish and the morphology of the German subjunctives helps to illuminate the functions and forms of English.

There are two subjunctive forms in English, Sl and S2. Both have coalsesced with indicative forms, losing much of their saliency, the Sl to a much greater degree. For this reason, the Sl is much less common, surviving primarily in frozen formulations, Imperative Expressions, and as an adjunct to the imperative mode.

The ...


Beginning Esl Reader – A Teacher’S Guide, Ann Catherine Smith Jan 1986

Beginning Esl Reader – A Teacher’S Guide, Ann Catherine Smith

MA TESOL Collection

This project is a collection of ten lessons, each lesson based on a reading. The readings are for beginning adult students, whose reading ability is limited to identifying initial consonants and high-frequency sight words. The readings average three short paragraphs and include basic vocabulary and structures. They discuss themes which are relevant issues to refugees and/or immigrants adapting to United States culture -discrimination, moving to another city, losing a job, family relationships. The themes are not necessarily relevant only to refugees and immigrants but because these populations are newer to the society, issues such as losing a job can ...


A Teacher Training Program Focusing On Communicative Methodology For Brazilian Teachers Of English As A Foreign Language, Alberto De Paula Santos Jan 1986

A Teacher Training Program Focusing On Communicative Methodology For Brazilian Teachers Of English As A Foreign Language, Alberto De Paula Santos

MA TESOL Collection

This project is the result of efforts to set up a teacher­ training program for the Centro Cultural Brasil-Estados Unidos de Curitiba in Brazil. It is especially designed for teachers who have been using teacher-centered classroom techniques and the traditionally structured approaches to teaching, and who are willing to change to a student-centered communicative approach to teaching English.

In chapter one, I give a general overview of the program Iset up and a short description of the Centro. I also state the reasons why I decided to set up this teacher-training program for the Centro.

In chapter two, I describe ...


“El Puente” An Advanced Spanish Reader For Cultural Exposure, Angela Maria Garcia Mast Jan 1986

“El Puente” An Advanced Spanish Reader For Cultural Exposure, Angela Maria Garcia Mast

MA TESOL Collection

The present work is an advanced reader for adult learners of Spanish. Each of its 21 passages highlights a features of the Hispanic culture or a constrast between North American and Hispanic culture. The author's intent is to present to the reader the struggles, ambiguities and confusion that being between two cultures can bring to bear upon a person whose world view is based upon two separate and distinct realities.

Each passage introduces colloquial expressions as they are used by native speakers. Along with each is a culture capsule which attempts to further explain the point illustrated by the ...


Readings In American History And Culture For Japanese College Students A Materials Development Program, Teresa Bruner Cox Jan 1986

Readings In American History And Culture For Japanese College Students A Materials Development Program, Teresa Bruner Cox

MA TESOL Collection

This paper describes a materials development project carried out at a junior college in Osaka, Japan. The purpose of the project was to develop a set of English language readings about American history and culture suitable for use in a content area course for Japanese students majoring in English at the college. Theory and related research on readability applicable to EFL/ESL content-focused materials are surveyed and discussed in an attempt to identify key factors and to develop an approach to writing the readings and supporting exercises. This is followed by a description of how six American history and culture ...


With Assumptions In Mind, Claire Eleanor Creelman Jan 1986

With Assumptions In Mind, Claire Eleanor Creelman

MA TESOL Collection

This paper is an account of a three month teaching assignment in Guatemala in which I examined and tested my assumptions about teaching and learning in light of the techniques I used in the classroom, my lesson preparation and my selection of materials. This is done through the examination of a series of lesson plans which I used in classes of different levels and at different times in the program. I was able to demonstrate through these critiques when my actions supported those assumptions as well as the times when they conflicted or even ignored them. In addition, I was ...


A Communicative Approach To Teaching Phrasal Verbs, Kathleen Ann Ivins Jan 1986

A Communicative Approach To Teaching Phrasal Verbs, Kathleen Ann Ivins

MA TESOL Collection

The intention of this independent professional project is to present a way in which phrasal verbs can be taught communicatively. Included in it are five lesson plans which clearly illustrate ways in which this can be done. A grammatical analysis is also included as it is felt that students need to know some of the rules governing phrasal verbs to be able to use them correctly and effectively. A second part of the grammar analysis deals with aspects of phrasal verbs which can be an aid to the teacher in choosing and organizing phrasal verb lesson plans.

The lesson plans ...


Syllabus Guideline For The Congress Bundestag Language Training Program With Sample Lesson Plans For Structural, Sociolinguistic, And Cultural Specifics Plus Comments On The Academic Preparation Component Of The Program, Ursula Verena Holzer Jan 1986

Syllabus Guideline For The Congress Bundestag Language Training Program With Sample Lesson Plans For Structural, Sociolinguistic, And Cultural Specifics Plus Comments On The Academic Preparation Component Of The Program, Ursula Verena Holzer

MA TESOL Collection

This project is based on the Congress Bundestag Program of 1986, in particular the language training aspect. It first introduces the program with its goals and objectives and the syllabus that was worked with in August 1986. Based on this experience, a revised syllabus guideline is designed here which contains

A. Phonetics

B. Theme/Range of Vocabulary

Grammatical Features and

Cultural/Sociolinguistic Aspects

C. Feedback and Assessment

D. Competencies

E. Academic Skills Development.

Additionally, some structural, sociolinguistic and cultural specifics from the syllabus are examplified through lesson and activity plans. Finally, the paper gives a description of what was done ...


A Cultural Program: Cultural Awareness Activities For American High School Students, Susan Leslie Tomasello Jan 1986

A Cultural Program: Cultural Awareness Activities For American High School Students, Susan Leslie Tomasello

MA TESOL Collection

This paper focuses on the planning, organization, and results of the Cultural Program that I presented to American, ninth grade, world Culture students. I specifically address pre-program activities, the Program itself, and post-program activities. The activities focus the students' attention, create interest, and arouse their curiosity about other cultures. Cultural information on Southeast Asia is given to provide students with background knowledge prior to the Cultural Program. The program itself has three components: A slide show, dancers, and a panel discussion. Follow up exercises include a post-program questionnaire and an awareness writing activity. The format of this paper allows for ...


Beyond The Classroom: Teaching Esl To Adult Indochinese Refugees Via Experiential Activities, Andres Ray F. Reyes Jan 1986

Beyond The Classroom: Teaching Esl To Adult Indochinese Refugees Via Experiential Activities, Andres Ray F. Reyes

MA TESOL Collection

This paper deals with the use of beyond-the-classroom experiential activities to teach ESL and aspects of U.S. culture to adult Indochinese refugees in the U.S. The paper begins with a discussion of the needs of refugees as they come face to face with their new setting, the U.S. The following section discusses the importance of experiential activities as a tool to address the needs of refugees. The next section contains an experiential activities guide based on six major topics: supermarket, post office, transportation, telephone, hospital and employment. The guide presents activities that can be used with adult ...


In Preparation Lesson Plans For An Intensive German Course, Renate Falk Cammin Jan 1986

In Preparation Lesson Plans For An Intensive German Course, Renate Falk Cammin

MA TESOL Collection

This paper consists of ten lesson plans for the predeparture program of the Outbound Program at the Experiment In International Living and programs similar to it.

The lesson plans are designed for both beginning and intermediate students of German. Special emhasis is given to communicative competencies, such as: introducing oneself and the increase of student's awareness of cultural differences between the American and German culture.

The lesson plans span a time period of ten days. The ten days are divided into three modules plus one additional day.

Each module covers three basic topics which provide the focus for each ...


A Ten-Week Internship Teaching Literacy To Adult Refugees: Pre-Literate, Semi-Literate And Non-Literate., Rebecca Ann Boon Jan 1986

A Ten-Week Internship Teaching Literacy To Adult Refugees: Pre-Literate, Semi-Literate And Non-Literate., Rebecca Ann Boon

MA TESOL Collection

This paper is the culmination of a ten week internship teaching literacy to adult refugees who had attended little or no school prior to living in the U.S. Included in this paper are definitions of literacy terms, and a description of the host institution and students involved in this internship Also included is a list of my assumptions about teaching and learning literacy, an explanation of my teaching approach based on these assumptions, and several methods, materials and ideas for teaching literacy also consistent with my approach.


Writing The Grammar Manual "Academic English For Esl Students", Anne R. R. Apátiga Jan 1986

Writing The Grammar Manual "Academic English For Esl Students", Anne R. R. Apátiga

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Among the students served by the ISU Writing Center are the university's English as a Second Language (ESL) students. Some of these students, having received an incomplete in freshman English or the ESL series, see a writing center tutor once a week, starting at the beginning of the semester; others are referred to the center later in the semester, as it becomes apparent to the freshman English instructor that they are failing; others, not necessarily students in an English class, "walk-in" to the center with the conviction that an essay they are working on will not meet their instructors ...


Reading And Listening Enrichment For Esl Students, Karen Aili Liu Lo Jan 1986

Reading And Listening Enrichment For Esl Students, Karen Aili Liu Lo

Theses Digitization Project

No abstract provided.


A Teaching Program For A Ninth Grade World Cultures Course, J. Mark Carver Jan 1986

A Teaching Program For A Ninth Grade World Cultures Course, J. Mark Carver

Theses Digitization Project

No abstract provided.