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Full-Text Articles in Bilingual, Multilingual, and Multicultural Education

Comparison The Effects Of Communication And Conflict Resolution Skills Training On Marital Satisfaction, Siti Hassan Dec 2011

Comparison The Effects Of Communication And Conflict Resolution Skills Training On Marital Satisfaction, Siti Hassan

Siti Aishah Hassan Ph.D.

The purpose of the study was to examine the effects of communication and conflict resolution skills training on marital satisfaction among Iranian couples based on PREPARE-ENRICH program. In this study, marital satisfaction was measured by ENRICH Marital Satisfaction. The methodology of this study was experimental method; with pre-test, post-test, and control group design. Purposive sampling was conducted to select the sample that was included 54 couples who were consisted of all couples referred to the researcher by counselling centres. The referrals were done for about two months in 2009. These couples were randomly assigned to an experimental and a control ...


The Comparison Of Iranian Urban, Suburban And Rural Areas’ Performance In Self-Concept, Self-Efficacy, Selfesteem And Anxiety, Siti Aishah Hassan Ph.D. Dec 2011

The Comparison Of Iranian Urban, Suburban And Rural Areas’ Performance In Self-Concept, Self-Efficacy, Selfesteem And Anxiety, Siti Aishah Hassan Ph.D.

Siti Aishah Hassan Ph.D.

The purpose of this study is to find the comparison of urban, suburban and rural students’ performance in students’ psychological factors; general self-concept, science self-concept, self-efficacy, science self-efficacy, selfesteem, anxiety, and science anxiety among guidance school students. The participants in the study were 680 guidance school students, (317 male and 363 female, in the age 14 years old) at Tehran and Shahriar City, the province of Tehran, Iran. The research design was an ex-post facto and tested the alternative hypotheses. Five valid and reliable instruments were used to assess Self-concept Attribute Attitude Scale, State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, Coopersmith Self-Esteem Inventory, General ...


Manifestation Of Existential Issues As A Brilliant Function For Quality Of Matrimony, Siti Hassan Dec 2010

Manifestation Of Existential Issues As A Brilliant Function For Quality Of Matrimony, Siti Hassan

Siti Aishah Hassan Ph.D.

There are some important issues in marital counselling which are discoursed in Existential thought. These issues are freedom, time, human communication, meaning of life, and anxiety, which are shared by the existential counsellors and philosophers. Even though there are full potentials of the existential issues to be applied during counselling sessions, most of them are ignored by couple counsellors. The purpose of this article is to highlight these issues as the key concepts in four different counselling theories of Existential thought. We found that, each theory used only certain issues as the key concepts. Therefore, this study gathers all of ...


Effectiveness Of Group Cognitive Behavioral Therapy On Depression Among Iranian Women Around Menopause, Siti Hassan Dec 2010

Effectiveness Of Group Cognitive Behavioral Therapy On Depression Among Iranian Women Around Menopause, Siti Hassan

Siti Aishah Hassan Ph.D.

Menopause is the universal event that each woman will experience it if they survive into midlife. Although most women transition to menopause without experiencing psychological problems, some may develop a new onset of depression during this stage of life. The objective of this research was to study the effectiveness of group Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) on depressed women who are around menopause in regard to menopausal status. The study was conducted involving 44 women around menopause period who were placed randomly in the experimental and control groups. Participants’ the experimental group was exposed to 16 sessions of group cognitive behavioral ...


Efficacy Of Group Cognitive Behavioral Therapy On Depression Among Muslim Parents Of Autistic Children In Jordan, Siti Hassan Dec 2010

Efficacy Of Group Cognitive Behavioral Therapy On Depression Among Muslim Parents Of Autistic Children In Jordan, Siti Hassan

Siti Aishah Hassan Ph.D.

Parents with autistic children usually are advised to reduce depression in order to improve their mental health. However, studies on depression among parents of autistic children in Jordan are limited. Therefore, this study aimed to examine the effect of group Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT) among parents of autistics children in Jordan. An announcement was made for a group cognitive behavioral therapy at three special needs centers in Irbid- Jordan and BDI-II was administrated to 87 parents. Accordingly, 60 parents with the lowest test score were randomly assigned into experimental and control groups. Participants were tested in three times with the ...


Moderating Influence Of Gender On The Link Of Spiritual And Emotional Intelligences With Mental Health Among Adolescents, Siti Hassan Dec 2010

Moderating Influence Of Gender On The Link Of Spiritual And Emotional Intelligences With Mental Health Among Adolescents, Siti Hassan

Siti Aishah Hassan Ph.D.

This study examined whether, Spiritual Intelligence (SI) and Emotional Intelligence (EI) can be considered as predictor for Mental Health (MH). Also, this study explored the moderating effects of gender on the link between SI and EI with MH among high school students. The participants in the study were 247 high school students, (124 male and 123 female, in the age range between 14-17 years old) at the Gorgan City, north of Iran. The research design was an ex post facto and tested the alternative hypotheses. Three valid and reliable instruments were used to assess SI, EI and MH. Descriptive statistics ...


Effectiveness Of The I-Thou Communication Training On The Marital Communication Of The Iranian Women, Siti Hassan Dec 2010

Effectiveness Of The I-Thou Communication Training On The Marital Communication Of The Iranian Women, Siti Hassan

Siti Aishah Hassan Ph.D.

Having a good and healthy marriage is what everybody longs for. Such a desire induces the counselling trainers to hold different workshops for the interested people, in order to increase their marital preparation and knowledge. In this regard, many counsellors have shown a great deal of concern to devise new models in favour of such people. Indeed, from the counselling perspective, creating efficient models to enhance the quality of life is a milestone. I-Thou communication model which is based on the Martin Buber‟s philosophical premises has the potential capabilities of a model to be utilized for the couples. However ...


The Relationship Between State And Trait Anxiety With Career Indecision Of Undergraduate Students, Siti Hassan Dec 2010

The Relationship Between State And Trait Anxiety With Career Indecision Of Undergraduate Students, Siti Hassan

Siti Aishah Hassan Ph.D.

The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between state and trait anxiety with career indecision of Iranian undergraduate students. According to the literature anxiety has a strong impact on career indecision among students. However, there is controversy in research findings regarding the contribution of state and trait anxiety to career indecision. Despite many studies on the relationship between state and trait anxiety with career indecision, very limited research has been conducted in this area among Iranian students. For this purpose, 150 undergraduate undecided students from 3 universities in Khozestan Iran, completed the career decision scale (CDS), and ...


Moderating Effect Of Age On The Link Of Emotional Intelligence And Mental Health Among High School Students, Siti Aishah Hassan Ph.D. Dec 2010

Moderating Effect Of Age On The Link Of Emotional Intelligence And Mental Health Among High School Students, Siti Aishah Hassan Ph.D.

Siti Aishah Hassan Ph.D.

This study examined whether, Emotional Intelligence (EI) can be considered as predictor for mental health and explored also the moderating effect of age on the link between EI with mental health among high school students. The participants in the study included 10th, 11th, and 12th grade students from 8 public high schools in Gorgan City, north of Iran. They were 247 high school students, specifically comprised of 124 boys and 123 girls, age ranged between 15 to 17 years old (83, Fifteen; 82, Sixteen; 82, Seventeen). The research design was an ex post facto and tested of alternative hypotheses. Two ...


Quality Of Supervision Of Ph.D. Program Among Public Universities In Malaysia: A Rasch Model Analysis, Siti Aishah Hassan Ph.D. Dec 2010

Quality Of Supervision Of Ph.D. Program Among Public Universities In Malaysia: A Rasch Model Analysis, Siti Aishah Hassan Ph.D.

Siti Aishah Hassan Ph.D.

This study examines Ph.D. students’ satisfaction with the supervision process at four selected universities in Malaysia. In addition, the study also investigated the psychometric properties of Quality Supervision Scale (QSS); specifically the scale dimensionality, construct validity, endorsibility, and estimation of item and person score reliability of the scales. The participants were 153 Ph.D. students of these universities. The QSS includes many qualities of effective supervision such as supervisor academic competency, research methods competency, attitude towards supervisee, faculty academic and moral supports and supervisees’ personal traits was distributed to the respondents. The Rasch model analysis was employed to analyze ...


Sparkle Of Existential Time As A Sanctuary In Marital Counselling, Siti Aishah Hassan Ph.D. Dec 2010

Sparkle Of Existential Time As A Sanctuary In Marital Counselling, Siti Aishah Hassan Ph.D.

Siti Aishah Hassan Ph.D.

Nowadays, Existential thought is considered to be a practical approach among psychologists and counsellors . Nevertheless, what seems to be ignored is paying thoughtful attention to all dimensions of Existential thought which is an essential matter among counsellors and psychologists. Moreover, some issues in Existential thought such as time are disregarded among marital counsellors as well as individual counsellors. The goal of this article is to allocate exhausting existential time to benefit marital counsellors. Findings show that existential time has full potential to be applied for marital counselling. Furthermore, review of the related literature demonstrates that there is not enough experimental ...


Efficiency Of The Existential Time Training On The Marital Satisfaction Among The Iranian Women, Siti Aishah Hassan Ph.D. Dec 2010

Efficiency Of The Existential Time Training On The Marital Satisfaction Among The Iranian Women, Siti Aishah Hassan Ph.D.

Siti Aishah Hassan Ph.D.

The importance of time as an essential part of every individual’s life cannot be ignored. Additionally, while experts in various areas of science and technology have their own perspective of time, the existential philosophers interpret time in their own particular way. Existential concern regarding the notion of time is not considered in existential counselling as much as several other existential elements. Although the possibilities and abilities of existential time are of great importance on the matrimony, there is a notable gap in experimental research regarding the application of this concept in matrimony. Furthermore, the concern among the counsellors in ...


Function Of Life Meaning And Marital Communication Among Iranian Spouses In Universiti Putra Malaysia, Siti Hassan Dec 2009

Function Of Life Meaning And Marital Communication Among Iranian Spouses In Universiti Putra Malaysia, Siti Hassan

Siti Aishah Hassan Ph.D.

Previous researches have demonstrated that meaning of life has an essential role in human’s life. It is believed that meaning of life is an important issue in matrimony. However, there is a gap in literature to explain any relationship between meaning of life and marital communication. Purpose in Life Test (PIL), logo therapy, and Marital Communication of ENRICH were administered to fifty seven married spouses. The findings indicated the reliability of the employed instruments. In addition, the results highlighted a significant relationship between marital communication and meaning of life.


The Effect Of Si-G Training On Increase Sq Among Iranian Student In Malaysia, Siti Aishah Hassan Ph.D. Dec 2009

The Effect Of Si-G Training On Increase Sq Among Iranian Student In Malaysia, Siti Aishah Hassan Ph.D.

Siti Aishah Hassan Ph.D.

The main goal of this study is to determine whether SI-G training is able to help increase SQ. The present experimental study examined the effect of SI-G training on spiritual intelligence among Iranian students in Imam Khomeini School situated in Kuala Lumpur. This study has evaluated the effect of SI-G training program regarding the increasing SQ and its subscales. It evaluates the follow up test and the sustainability of the training program. The study shows that with SI-G training, spiritual intelligence and its subscales can be enhanced. Essentially, spiritual intelligence is a factor that affects training, practice and society in ...


A Review Study On Spiritual Intelligence, Adolescence And Spiritual Intelligence, Factors That May Contribute To Individual Differences In Spiritual Intelligence And The Related Theories, Siti Aishah Hassan Ph.D. Dec 2009

A Review Study On Spiritual Intelligence, Adolescence And Spiritual Intelligence, Factors That May Contribute To Individual Differences In Spiritual Intelligence And The Related Theories, Siti Aishah Hassan Ph.D.

Siti Aishah Hassan Ph.D.

This study reviewed the articles about adolescence, its relation to spiritual intelligence and the related theories. The adolescence period is the best time to develop positive emotions and training skills, because adolescents are seeking to find their identity and their future personality at this period. Approach: Spiritual intelligence had a significant influence on the quality of life and it goes without saying that adolescence is a sensitive period which requires specific training to make a brighter future and be exposed to the difficulties. Spirituality can be viewed as a form of intelligence because it predicts functioning and adaptation and offers ...


Measuring The Unmeasurable: Maternal Piety Scales, Siti Aishah Hassan Ph.D. Dec 2007

Measuring The Unmeasurable: Maternal Piety Scales, Siti Aishah Hassan Ph.D.

Siti Aishah Hassan Ph.D.

The purpose of this study was to develop an instrument that measures maternal spiritual characteristics. Particularly, the instrument aims to measure a domain of spirituality which is commonly regarded as “the un-measurable” i.e. Maternal Piety.The results provided evidence that the instrument achieved sound psychometrics properties.TLI, and CFI were > 0.90 and RMSEA was < 0.08 which were evidences for construct validity. Moreover, the findings supported the postulation that MP positively influenced MQR as evidence for the criterion-related validity. In short, Maternal Piety Scales is a reliable and valid instrument


Commitment To Change Among Managers In A Selected Service Organization In Malaysia, Siti Aishah Hassan Ph.D. Dec 2007

Commitment To Change Among Managers In A Selected Service Organization In Malaysia, Siti Aishah Hassan Ph.D.

Siti Aishah Hassan Ph.D.

This study examines the role of trust in management as a mediator of the relationship between job related variables, managerial practice variables and commitment to change. The job related variables studied include feedback, job autonomy, employee participation and goal clarity. The managerial practice variables studied include procedural justice, perceived organizational support, transformational leadership, shared values, opportunistic behavior and communication. Data were gathered from 294 managerial staff in a selected service organization in Malaysia using self-administered questionnaires. The results of a structural equation modeling indicate that the relationships among the job related variables, managerial practice variables, and commitment to change were ...