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Iowa State University

Teaching English as a second language/applied linguistics

Articles 1 - 14 of 14

Full-Text Articles in Bilingual, Multilingual, and Multicultural Education

Faster, Normal Or Slower?: The Effects Of Speech Rates On High-Intermediate Esl Learners' Listening Comprehension Of Academic Lectures, Fushun Le Jan 2006

Faster, Normal Or Slower?: The Effects Of Speech Rates On High-Intermediate Esl Learners' Listening Comprehension Of Academic Lectures, Fushun Le

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study is to 1) identify whether three speech rates (SR) (normal, faster and slower) have different effects on high-intermediate ESL learners' listening comprehension of academic lectures, and if so, to determine which SR is the most beneficial to the learners' comprehension; and 2) to identify learners' perception of SRs and reasons for lecture incomprehensibility. Eleven international students were asked to listen to three long academic lectures on unfamiliar topics and answer multiple choice comprehension questions, which was followed by a brief survey of their perception of the SR appropriateness and lecture difficulty. The original SRs of ...


Motivation And Acquisition Of Pronunciation In Efl Students In El Salvador, Christian Enrique Meléndez Jan 2006

Motivation And Acquisition Of Pronunciation In Efl Students In El Salvador, Christian Enrique Meléndez

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study examines the effect of pronunciation instruction and motivation in the acquisition of second language pronunciation in EFL students in El Salvador. Eighteen participants were given a pronunciation pre-test and a post-test. They received 20 minutes of pronunciation training each day for fifteen days. The training focused on the pronunciation of two different English sounds, /[O with line through the middle]/ and /-ed/ endings for the past of the regular verbs. The participants also completed a self-report motivation questionnaire containing nine different variables. Three different statistical analyses were used to analyze the data collected: paired t-tests, Cronbach's Alpha ...


Reported Speech: Empirical Corpus Findings Compared With Efl/Esl Textbook Presentations, Suzanne Emily Bayless Eckhardt Jan 2001

Reported Speech: Empirical Corpus Findings Compared With Efl/Esl Textbook Presentations, Suzanne Emily Bayless Eckhardt

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study uses the method of corpus linguistics to investigate a particular grammatical topic in English: Reported Speech. First, presentations of reported speech in seven ESL/EFL (English as a Second/Foreign Language) grammar textbooks are analyzed. The results of the analysis show what information ESL/EFL students currently receive from textbooks about reported speech. Second, a corpus study is implemented to determine how people actually use reported speech in real life. The results of the empirical corpus study represent authentic, naturally-occurring language and reported speech patterns in two registers of American English: Newspaper Writing and Conversation. Third, the results ...


The Speech Act Of Complaining: A Cross-Cultural Comparative Study Of Chinese And American English Speakers, De Zhang Jan 2001

The Speech Act Of Complaining: A Cross-Cultural Comparative Study Of Chinese And American English Speakers, De Zhang

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This Chinese-American cross-cultural comparative study on the speech act of complaining aimed to answer the call for the need of a study in the following areas: American-Chinese interlanguage pragmatics, the development of (advanced) L2 learners' pragmatic competence and one of the least studied speech acts--complaining. In this study, a Discourse Completion Task (DCT) form was used to elicit complaints in 8 hypothetical situations from 94 subjects--32 Chinese longer-term residents with an average length of 3.2 years' residence in the U.S., 30 Chinese short-term residents who had stayed in the U.S. for an average of 0.5 year ...


Exploring The Content-Based Esl Program: A Case Of Research-Conscious Pedagogy, Jessica Elaine Mercer Jan 2001

Exploring The Content-Based Esl Program: A Case Of Research-Conscious Pedagogy, Jessica Elaine Mercer

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

A small liberal arts college in the process of developing the curricular framework for a new ESL program with an intensive element provides the setting for this qualitative study. Practicing a research-conscious perspective, the extent to which the content-based approach to English language instruction is pedagogically appropriate for a small program housed at a liberal arts college is discussed. After examining both the theoretical underpinnings of the content-based approach and the application of content-based instruction in selected college settings, the adoption of a content-based approach for a small program focused on preparing non-native speakers of English for continued academic study ...


Public Speaking In A Cross-Cultural Classroom Environment: A Survey Of Student Attitudes And Perceived Needs, Kelly Ann Wonder Jan 2000

Public Speaking In A Cross-Cultural Classroom Environment: A Survey Of Student Attitudes And Perceived Needs, Kelly Ann Wonder

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to gather evidence about whether or not students would be interested in taking the public speaking course in the cross-cultural format, and whether or not NNS would be likely to fit well in such a class with NS. To determine student interest in cross-cultural programming and perceived needs in the public speaking course, a survey was given to the students enrolled in speech communications 212 at Iowa State University during the spring semester of 2000. This study reports the findings and results of the Public Speaking and Cultural Perceptions Survey. Responses were collected from ...


Communicative Grammar Tasks: Language Use And Students' Preferences, Felicidade Nogueira Coimbra Van Acker Jan 2000

Communicative Grammar Tasks: Language Use And Students' Preferences, Felicidade Nogueira Coimbra Van Acker

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

In this study I investigate the effectiveness of two communicative grammar tasks. I examine the tasks in terms of the language use and I determine the students' preferences regarding them. One of the communicative grammar tasks was designed to elicit the use of prepositions and the other was designed to elicit the use of relative clauses. Two groups of students participated in this study: native speakers from different various fields of study and non-native speakers (from two proficiency levels) enrolled in an Intensive English Orientation Program. Both groups performed the two tasks and the frequencies of the targeted structures were ...


Evaluation Of The English Placement Test 1999 University Of Colombo, Sri Lanka, Priyanvada Abeywickrama Jan 2000

Evaluation Of The English Placement Test 1999 University Of Colombo, Sri Lanka, Priyanvada Abeywickrama

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The objectives of the English Language Teaching Unit (ELTU) of the Dept. of English, University of Colombo, Sri Lanka, have broadened over the years to encompass the changing needs of the students who enter the university system. In 1998 again, there was a major change and the ELTU replied by adopting another new approach to teaching. This directly resulted in changes to areas such as the curriculum, lesson materials and testing. The English Placement Test (EPT) 99 was developed to place new entrants to the Intensive English Program in the Faculty of Arts, University of Colombo, Sri Lanka. The EPT ...


Investigation Of A Multimedia Approach To Teaching Spoken English, Hye-Ryon Cho Hong Jan 2000

Investigation Of A Multimedia Approach To Teaching Spoken English, Hye-Ryon Cho Hong

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to investigate how learners will interact with multimedia that delivers pictures, audio, and various interactional modifications in teaching spoken English to Korean elementary school children who are currently taking ESL courses or having lessons from private tutors in the USA. In this study, two activities, listening and speaking, were studied using a commercial multimedia CD-ROM program, 'Smart Start English' by Syracuse language System, Inc. According to the results of this research through speaking and listening activities, it seems obvious that such multimedia CD-ROM programs can be used effectively for assisting L2 students to make ...


The Effect Of Modeling A Jigsaw Task On Communicative Strategies Of Esl Learners, Sojung Kim Choe Jan 2000

The Effect Of Modeling A Jigsaw Task On Communicative Strategies Of Esl Learners, Sojung Kim Choe

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study examines one aspect of task-based language instruction, an increasingly popular approach, which provides learners practice in performing communicative acts in English and which promotes learners' ability to use communicative strategies when problems are encountered (Long 1983; Pica 1996; Tarone & Yule 1995). This study addresses the question of whether or not a video of native speakers of English (NSE) interacting during a jigsaw task positively affects the communicative strategies of English as a Second Language (ESL) learners involved in a similar task. Two experiments were conducted. A video model showing two NSE using communicative strategies including confirmation and comprehension ...


A Freirean Approach To English As A Second Language Literacy, Claudia Cristina Mendes Giesel Jan 1999

A Freirean Approach To English As A Second Language Literacy, Claudia Cristina Mendes Giesel

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This paper discusses the development of an approach to teach English as a Second Language (ESL) literacy to a non-cohesive group of students based on the ideas of the Brazilian educator Paulo Freire. The Freirean approach works with the students' daily reality and it uses literacy as a means of empowering the students politically, socially, economically, and personally. Freire's works in Brazil and Freirean-inspired programs in the United States are outlined, especially in the areas of ESL literacy. Literature dealing with critical pedagogy in the United States is also examined. The curriculum unit as well as what transpired during ...


Vocabulary Size And Gpa For Non-Native Speakers Of English, Dann Eric Nebbe Jan 1999

Vocabulary Size And Gpa For Non-Native Speakers Of English, Dann Eric Nebbe

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study examines the relationship between knowledge of academic vocabulary relevant to an American university setting and academic success as measured by grade point average (GPA) of undergraduates who were non-native speakers of English at an university in the United States. To study this relationship, this study addresses issues in developing a list of vocabulary items relevant to undergraduate study in the United States; developing, administering and scoring an appropriate test of vocabulary size; and interpreting the results of the test. The study also addresses the reliability of a checkbox test, the usefulness of common word families is estimating vocabulary ...


The C-Test: Usefulness For Measuring Written Language Ability Of Non-Native Speakers Of English In High School, Jongsook Park Jan 1998

The C-Test: Usefulness For Measuring Written Language Ability Of Non-Native Speakers Of English In High School, Jongsook Park

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of the study is to evaluate whether the C-test is useful as a test measuring non-native speakers' ability of written language to help teachers and decision-makers select and place limited English proficient students for English as a Second Language (ESL) instruction in high schools in Iowa. The overall usefulness of the C-test is evaluated by examining individual qualities of test usefulness, or six qualities, in current testing theories: reliability, construct validity, authenticity, interactiveness, impact, and practicality. Chapter 1 of this study reports the background: a need for a test measuring non-native speakers' ability of written language to improve ...


The Attitudes Of Five International Teaching Assistants (Itas) Towards Teachers, Teaching, And Their Ita Training Course, Duane Curtis Litwiller Jan 1997

The Attitudes Of Five International Teaching Assistants (Itas) Towards Teachers, Teaching, And Their Ita Training Course, Duane Curtis Litwiller

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The more teachers know about their students, the easier it is to meet their students' needs and expectations. The investigator's objective of this qualitative study was to gain in-depth knowledge of five international teaching assistants (ITAs) from China from the researcher's own ITA training class to determine (1) how their views of teachers and teaching had been shaped by Chinese society, and (2) the degree of agreement between their expectations of the ITA training class and goals that had been set for the class. Data were collected via open-ended interviews and questionnaires. The results showed that (1) the ...