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Iowa State University

2014

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Articles 1 - 14 of 14

Full-Text Articles in Bilingual, Multilingual, and Multicultural Education

Con Respeto: A Conceptual Model For Building Healthy Community-University Partnerships Alongside Mexican Migrant Families, Miguel Zavala, Patricia A. Pérez, Alejandro González, Anna Díaz Villela Nov 2014

Con Respeto: A Conceptual Model For Building Healthy Community-University Partnerships Alongside Mexican Migrant Families, Miguel Zavala, Patricia A. Pérez, Alejandro González, Anna Díaz Villela

Journal of Critical Thought and Praxis

In this paper we grapple with the question of how healthy community and university partnerships can be formed in order to support migrant students’ access to higher education. Employing autoethnographic and narrative research, and drawing from our work within the context of the migrant family conference at California State University, Fullerton from 2011 to 2013, we outline a conceptual model for building healthy partnerships. The first section of this paper offers a general overview of the literature on community-university engagement and collaboration as well as provides background information about the migrant farmworker community. The next section puts forward a new ...


Seeing Through Colorblindness, Kathleen E. Gillon, Cameron Beatty, Cristobal Salinas Jr. Jul 2014

Seeing Through Colorblindness, Kathleen E. Gillon, Cameron Beatty, Cristobal Salinas Jr.

Education Publications

In our work with fraternities and sororities, how often do we reflect on the role race plays in recruitment practices or how it shapes the experiences of members, chapters, organizations, and the fraternity community as a whole? In our estimation, not often enough. However, if we explore the history of fraternities and sororities, we learn these organizations were typically created and organized specifically around race. From the founding of Phi Beta Kappa in 1776 to the beginnings of many other organizations through the late 1960s, historically White fraternities in the United States were legally racially exclusive (Kendall, 2008), most going ...


Eastern Dreams: Alternative Pathways For Chinese Students Pursuing Baccalaureate Degrees In The United States, Linda Serra Hagedorn, Jiayi Hu Apr 2014

Eastern Dreams: Alternative Pathways For Chinese Students Pursuing Baccalaureate Degrees In The United States, Linda Serra Hagedorn, Jiayi Hu

Education Publications

The number of international students pursuing postsecondary degrees in the United States has increased consistently over the past several years (Institute of International Education 2012, 2013). In fact, the most recent report— for academic year 2012–13—indicates that compared to the previous academic year, the number of international students at U.S. colleges and universities increased by 7.2 percent, to more than 800,000. Students from China lead this global trend, accounting for 28.7 percent of all international postsecondary students in the United States. Moreover, the number of Chinese students studying in the United States continues to ...


A Test Of Productive English Grammatical Ability In Academic Writing: Development And Validation, Yoo-Ree Chung Jan 2014

A Test Of Productive English Grammatical Ability In Academic Writing: Development And Validation, Yoo-Ree Chung

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation study is intended to develop a test of productive grammatical writing ability in academic English as a supplement to the essay test of the English Placement Test at Iowa State University. In addition, it attempts to validate the score interpretation and use of the academic grammar test, using a validation framework adapted from both Kane's (2006) interpretive/validity argument model and Bachman and Palmer's (2010) Assessment Use Argument (AUA) model. Philosophically grounded in a constructivist-realist approach to the interpretation of test scores, the test particularly aims to measure non-native English speaking students' grammatical writing ability exerted ...


A Validity Argument For The Use Of Scores From A Web-Search-Permitted And Web-Source-Based Integrated Writing Test, Hee Sung Jun Jan 2014

A Validity Argument For The Use Of Scores From A Web-Search-Permitted And Web-Source-Based Integrated Writing Test, Hee Sung Jun

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The field of language assessment has seen a recent surge of literature on assessment tasks that integrate two or more skills, such as reading and writing. Source-based writing is also gaining much interest in both first and second language studies, with a particular focus on issues relating to source selection and source language use. The purpose of this study is to build a validity argument for the use of scores from a web-search-permitted and web-source-based integrated writing test. Scores from the test are intended to be used as final exam scores in an academic writing course for international undergraduate students ...


The Potential Of Automatic Speech Recognition For Fostering Pronunciation Learners' Autonomy, Shannon Michelle Mccrocklin Jan 2014

The Potential Of Automatic Speech Recognition For Fostering Pronunciation Learners' Autonomy, Shannon Michelle Mccrocklin

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Despite ESL students frequently reporting a need or desire to work on their pronunciation in English, pronunciation is often downgraded as a teaching goal and often pushed aside in favor of other skills (Kelly, 1969; Lang, Wang, Shen, & Wang, 2012). Students that want to practice outside of class are likely to feel at a loss because they struggle to monitor their own speech and may not be able to get the feedback necessary to make improvements to their pronunciation. Students need skills, strategies, and resources that will allow them to work on their pronunciation on their own, less reliant on ...


Teachers' Attitudes Towards And Uses Of Translanguaging In English Language Classrooms In Iowa, Kavitha A. Nambisan Jan 2014

Teachers' Attitudes Towards And Uses Of Translanguaging In English Language Classrooms In Iowa, Kavitha A. Nambisan

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study aims to examine the existing attitudes and practices of translanguaging, the use of the students' native language in the English language classroom, by 19 English language teachers in the state of Iowa. Teachers from both mainstream and dual language programs responded to a survey that collected information regarding the importance that they place on various uses of translanguaging (both by the students and by the teacher), and also information regarding the frequency with which these teachers felt it was practiced in their classrooms. Existing research in the field includes a study conducted by McMillan and Rivers (2011), which ...


Spanish/English Bilinguals' Strategies For Finding Bias In Historical Texts, Theresa A. Orlovsky Jan 2014

Spanish/English Bilinguals' Strategies For Finding Bias In Historical Texts, Theresa A. Orlovsky

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study investigates the literacy resources and strategies Spanish/English bilinguals use to detect bias in a propaganda text. Drawing upon previous work done in history literacy by Schleppegrell, Achugar, and Oteiza (2004), this study presented participants with a propaganda text from Nazi Germany which criticizes Albert Einstein. Without knowing the context of the article, participants responded to discussion questions which investigated whether participants could detect the bias, what literacy strategies the participants used to find the bias, and whether and how the participants perceived differences between reading the text in their first (L1) and second languages (L2). Overall, the ...


The Effectiveness Of Linking Instruction On Nns Speech Perception And Production, Ghinwa Alameen Jan 2014

The Effectiveness Of Linking Instruction On Nns Speech Perception And Production, Ghinwa Alameen

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Despite the prevalence of connected speech processes in spoken English and their importance for communication, there has been relatively little research on them in the field of second language learning. This study investigated the effectiveness of using two methods for teaching linking to NNSs of English. Audio-visual (AV) feedback, integrating both audio and electronic visual feedback, and audio-only (AO) feedback were employed in the development of online materials to help improve learners' perception and production of consonant-to-vowel linking such as 'give in' and vowel-to-vowel linking such as 'see it'. The long-term effectiveness of the instructional materials was also examined to ...


Call-Infused Project-Based Learning: A Case Study Of Adult Esl Students Learning Prepositions, Susan Lee Jan 2014

Call-Infused Project-Based Learning: A Case Study Of Adult Esl Students Learning Prepositions, Susan Lee

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Project-based learning (PBL) with computers has become a topic of interest, and there has been a call for research to determine whether they facilitate learning and motivate students. This case study examines how English as a second language (ESL) adult learners' proficiency with prepositions was affected by project-based learning with enhanced input, explicit instruction, and production practice using the software program Hot Potatoes. The 14 participants were part of an intermediate ESL class offered by a Midwestern community college in the U.S. The students were divided into three different levels: low, intermediate, and high. The students then were divided ...


How Are We Helping Our Second Language Writers Improve Their Writing? The Case Of English 101c And English 150 At Iowa State University, Erin Frances Todey Jan 2014

How Are We Helping Our Second Language Writers Improve Their Writing? The Case Of English 101c And English 150 At Iowa State University, Erin Frances Todey

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The growth of the international student population in higher education continues to rise. Because of this, traditionally L1 English courses have a growth of second language (L2) writers. This thesis explores the ways in which L2 writers at Iowa State University believe that English 101C (an English as a Second Language course) and English 150 (a first-year composition course) are helping them become better writers. Findings indicate that: students were unsure of the reasons they were placed into English 101C; there is a need for explicit and clear examples in English 101C; students believe the two programs should help students ...


From One To Multiple Accents On A Test Of L2 Listening Comprehension, Gary Ockey, Robert French Jan 2014

From One To Multiple Accents On A Test Of L2 Listening Comprehension, Gary Ockey, Robert French

English Publications

Concerns about the need for assessing multidialectal listening skills for global contexts are becoming increasingly prevalent. However, the inclusion of multiple accents on listening assessments may threaten test fairness because it is not practical to include every accent that may be encountered in the language use domain on these tests. Given this dilemma, this study aimed to determine the extent to which accent strength and familiarity affect comprehension and to provide a defensible direction for assessing multidialectal listening comprehension. A strength of accent scale was developed, and one US, four Australian, and four British English speakers of English were selected ...


Chinese Parents' Hopes For Their Only Children: A Transition Program Case Study, Jiayi Hu, Linda Serra Hagedorn Jan 2014

Chinese Parents' Hopes For Their Only Children: A Transition Program Case Study, Jiayi Hu, Linda Serra Hagedorn

Education Publications

The Challenge of Growth, A significant and increasing number of international students are seeking postsecondary education in the United States. According to the Open Doors report (Institute of International Education (IIE) 2011), over academic year 2010–11, the number of international students at colleges and universities has increased by five percent. There are now 32 percent more international students studying at US colleges and universities than there were just a decade ago, for a total of 764,495 in academic year 2011–12. Although the number of international students is growing in general, China represents a country with extreme growth ...


Technology-Mediated L2 Strategy Instruction And Its Potential To Enhance Evaluation And Research, Jim Ranalli Jan 2014

Technology-Mediated L2 Strategy Instruction And Its Potential To Enhance Evaluation And Research, Jim Ranalli

English Publications

This paper discusses the potential of technology-mediated forms of L2 strategy instruction (SI) to not only facilitate SI but to enhance evaluation of SI interventions and L2 strategy research more generally. It uses results from a recent empirical study to show how computer-based forms of SI may offer remedies for problematic features of evaluation, including access to process data showing how learners actually perform strategy-related tasks, the timing and frequency of collection of learner perception data, and most importantly, data about task perception and meta-cognitive monitoring, which can position L2 strategies within frameworks for self-regulated learning. The underlying premise of ...