Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Bilingual, Multilingual, and Multicultural Education Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Iowa State University

Series

2016

Discipline
Keyword
Publication

Articles 1 - 14 of 14

Full-Text Articles in Bilingual, Multilingual, and Multicultural Education

Disentangling Research On Study Abroad And Pronunciation: Methodological And Programmatic Considerations, Charles Nagle, Alfonso Morales-Front, Colleen Moorman, Cristina Sanz Jul 2016

Disentangling Research On Study Abroad And Pronunciation: Methodological And Programmatic Considerations, Charles Nagle, Alfonso Morales-Front, Colleen Moorman, Cristina Sanz

World Languages and Cultures Publications

Despite intuitive and theoretically motivated claims that Study Abroad (SA) is an optimal environment for language development, including pronunciation gains, research on its effectiveness has produced contradictory results. Furthermore, there is little known about short-term study abroad programs, where matriculation numbers are increasing faster than ever before. This chapter analyzes pre- and post-SA oral production data from 18 advanced learners of Spanish, focusing on stop consonants (/p, t, k, b, d, g/). Development was defined in terms of voice onset time for /p, t, k/ and a 5-point lenition measure for /b, d, g/. Learners produced significantly shorter VOT values ...


Racial Microaggressions Within The Advisor-Advisee Relationship: Implications For Engineering Research, Policy, And Practice, Brian Burt, Alade S. Mcken, Jordan A. Burkhart, Jennifer Hormell, Alec J. Knight Jun 2016

Racial Microaggressions Within The Advisor-Advisee Relationship: Implications For Engineering Research, Policy, And Practice, Brian Burt, Alade S. Mcken, Jordan A. Burkhart, Jennifer Hormell, Alec J. Knight

Education Conference Presentations, Posters and Proceedings

The underrepresentation of Black men in engineering highlights a missing segment of the population who could contribute to the knowledge economy.1 An increase in Black men in engineering could lead to an increase in Black faculty members - and in general, role models - who cold teach and inspire future generations of students in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM). To address this national concern, stakeholders must first identify prevailing issues such as racial microaggressions, which threaten the long-term participation of Black men in science and engineering.


Patterns Of Tasks, Patterns Of Talk: L2 Literacy Building In University Spanish Classes, Jesse Gleason, Tammy Slater Jun 2016

Patterns Of Tasks, Patterns Of Talk: L2 Literacy Building In University Spanish Classes, Jesse Gleason, Tammy Slater

English Publications

ABSTRACT

Second language (L2) classroom research has sought to shed light on the processes and practices that develop L2 learners’ abilities [Nunan, D. 2004. Task-based language teaching. London: Continuum; Verplaetse, L. 2014. Using big questions to apprentice students into language-rich classroom practices. TESOL Quarterly, 179, 632–641; Zeungler, J., & Mori, J. 2002. Microanalyses of classroom discourse: A critical consideration of method. Applied Linguistics, 23(3), 283–288]. Honing in on the micro-level of classroom tasks and even further into the language of the tasks can help to reveal the patterns in teacher- and student-talk that help scaffold students’ academic literacy. Literacy, from a systemic functional view of language learning, entails having the tools to function in the social contexts that are valued in students’ lives. This ...


Effects Of Strength Of Accent On An L2 Interactive Lecture Listening Comprehension Test, Gary Ockey, Spiros Papageorgiou, Robert French Apr 2016

Effects Of Strength Of Accent On An L2 Interactive Lecture Listening Comprehension Test, Gary Ockey, Spiros Papageorgiou, Robert French

English Publications

This article reports on a study which aimed to determine the effect of strength of accent on listening comprehension of interactive lectures. Test takers (N = 21,726) listened to an interactive lecture given by one of nine speakers and responded to six comprehension items. The test taker responses were analyzed with the Rasch computer program WINSTEPS to investigate the relative difficulty of the items associated with the nine versions of the interactive lectures. Results indicated that comprehension of interactive lectures was diminished with quite light accents, as has been found with monologic lectures.


Life Happens (Outside Of College): Non-College Life-Events And Students’ Likelihood Of Graduation, Bradley E. Cox, Robert D. Reason, Samantha Nix, Megan Gillman Feb 2016

Life Happens (Outside Of College): Non-College Life-Events And Students’ Likelihood Of Graduation, Bradley E. Cox, Robert D. Reason, Samantha Nix, Megan Gillman

Education Publications

Students’ lives outside of college can have dramatic effects on academic outcomes (e.g., grades, persistence, graduation). However, the manner in which students’ lives outside of college are referenced in college-effects models suggests some uncertainty among scholars as to which, and how, student experiences outside of an institution affect college student outcomes. Using longitudinal data from a racially diverse sample of 3914 students (997 White, 1051 Black, 915 Hispanic, and 951 Asian) attending 28 institutions, this study employs logistic regression models to examine relationships between three types of non-college life-events and students’ likelihood of graduation. Specifically, we examine the impact ...


Automated Writing Evaluation For Formative Assessment Of Second Language Writing: Investigating The Accuracy And Usefulness Of Feedback As Part Of Argument-Based Validation, Jim Ranalli, Stephanie Link, Evgeny Chukharev-Hudilainen Feb 2016

Automated Writing Evaluation For Formative Assessment Of Second Language Writing: Investigating The Accuracy And Usefulness Of Feedback As Part Of Argument-Based Validation, Jim Ranalli, Stephanie Link, Evgeny Chukharev-Hudilainen

English Publications

An increasing number of studies on the use of tools for automated writing evaluation (AWE) in writing classrooms suggest growing interest in their potential for formative assessment. As with all assessments, these applications should be validated in terms of their intended interpretations and uses. A recent argument-based validation framework outlined inferences that require backing to support integration of one AWE tool, Criterion, into a college-level English as a Second Language (ESL) writing course. The present research appraised evidence for the assumptions underlying two inferences in this argument. In the first of two studies, we assessed evidence for the evaluation inference ...


Providing Spaces On College Campuses And Through Social Media For Men Of Color To Offer Counterstories, Cameron C. Beatty, Cristobal Salinas Jr. Jan 2016

Providing Spaces On College Campuses And Through Social Media For Men Of Color To Offer Counterstories, Cameron C. Beatty, Cristobal Salinas Jr.

Leadership Studies Publications

Counterstorytelling and history can be useful to understand the historical and political context of power, privilege and the oppression of historically marginalized communities in the United States (Zinn, 1994). Similar to counterstorytelling and history, social media has become an important source of news that influences the examination of society and culture, and its interaction of race, law, power and privilege. If one was born yesterday, with no knowledge of the past, one might simply accept anything and everything that social media tells us. “Knowing a bit of history—while it would not absolutely prove the government [and media] were lying ...


El Uso Del Vídeo En Tests De Comprensión Oral Por Internet, Cristina Pardo-Ballester Jan 2016

El Uso Del Vídeo En Tests De Comprensión Oral Por Internet, Cristina Pardo-Ballester

World Languages and Cultures Publications

Con la tecnología multimedia sofisticada, hay un interés renovado en la relación entre canales visuales y auditivos en la evaluación de la comprensión oral (CO). La investigación emergente sobre el uso de elementos visuales en la evaluación de la comprensión oral ha producido resultados no concluyentes. Algunos estudiantes se desempeñan mejor en pruebas que incluyen la información visual (Wagner, 2007) mientras otros no han encontrado ninguna diferencia en el desempeño de los participantes en los dos formatos de prueba (Batty, 2015). Estos resultados mixtos hacen que sea necesario examinar el papel de la utilización de audio y vídeo en CO ...


L2 Collaborative E-Writing, Cristina Pardo-Ballester, Adolfo Carillo Cabello Jan 2016

L2 Collaborative E-Writing, Cristina Pardo-Ballester, Adolfo Carillo Cabello

World Languages and Cultures Publications

Writing as a process has been recognized as an important tenant to integrate in L1 and L2 language courses. Research in this area has shown that collaboration in the form of peer-review exercises can improve writing outcomes. Even though research in this area has identified benefits for conducting peer reviews online, these studies have focused on the analysis of improvements in writing skills from the collaboration process without full consideration of the medium used in the process of collaboration and how the perceptions of students evolve.

This mixed-methods longitudinal study was aimed at the examination of the change in perceptions ...


The Effects Of Item Preview On Video-Based Multiple-Choice Listening Assessments, Dennis Koyama, Angela Sun, Gary Ockey Jan 2016

The Effects Of Item Preview On Video-Based Multiple-Choice Listening Assessments, Dennis Koyama, Angela Sun, Gary Ockey

English Publications

Multiple-choice formats remain a popular design for assessing listening comprehension, yet no consensus has been reached on how multiple-choice formats should be employed. Some researchers argue that test takers must be provided with a preview of the items prior to the input (Buck, 1995; Sherman, 1997); others argue that a preview may decrease the authenticity of the task by changing the way input is processed (Hughes, 2003). Using stratified random sampling techniques, more and less proficient Japanese university English learners (N = 206) were assigned one of three test conditions: preview of question stem and answer options (n = 67), preview of ...


The Design Of An Instrument To Evaluate Sotware For Efl/Esl Pronunciation Teaching, John Levis, Cristiana Gomes De Fretias Menezes Martins, Vladia Maria Cabral Borges Jan 2016

The Design Of An Instrument To Evaluate Sotware For Efl/Esl Pronunciation Teaching, John Levis, Cristiana Gomes De Fretias Menezes Martins, Vladia Maria Cabral Borges

English Publications

This study aimed at designing an instrument composed of 72 questions that evaluate the extent to which sotware programs teach pronunciation of English as a Foreign Language and/or Second Language (EFL/ESL) following the principles of the Communicative Approach (Celce-Murcia et al, 2010). he designed instrument was tested for reliability and validity. For this purpose, 46 EFL/ESL teachers used the instrument to analyze an online version of the sotware program Pronunciation Power 2. he participants’ answers to the questions were subjected to reliability and validity tests. he results of these statistical tests suggest the instrument is potentially valid ...


Preservice Teacher Learning To Help Els Understand Mathematical Problems, Ji Yeong I, Ricardo Martinez Jan 2016

Preservice Teacher Learning To Help Els Understand Mathematical Problems, Ji Yeong I, Ricardo Martinez

Education Conference Presentations, Posters and Proceedings

There is a common belief that teachers do not need to differentiate their instruction for English Learners (ELs) and that helping ELs adjust in school culture is not a teacher’s responsbility (Walker, Shafer, & Liams, 2004). This belief is due to their lack of proper training to teach ELs, as statistics show only 13% of teachers are adequately prepared to teach ELs while more than 40% of teachers have ELs in their classrooms (NCES, 2002). Responding to the great need for an adequate teacher preparation for EL in mathematics education, this study was designed to investigate preservice teacher (PSTs) learning ...


Critical Cultural Student Affairs Praxis And Participatory Action Research, Oiyan A. Poon, Dian D. Squire, Delia Cheung Hom, Kevin Gin, Megan S. Segoshi, Aaron Parayno Jan 2016

Critical Cultural Student Affairs Praxis And Participatory Action Research, Oiyan A. Poon, Dian D. Squire, Delia Cheung Hom, Kevin Gin, Megan S. Segoshi, Aaron Parayno

Education Publications

This paper explores how student affairs practitioners may engage in critical cultural praxis through participatory action research (PAR). As authors, both researchers and practitioners, we partnered with one another to conduct a needs assessment of Asian American students through PAR methods at a university in the northeast United States. Unfortunately, the PAR project as initially designed did not come to fruition. We used autoethnography to understand the many barriers that prevented the completion of the project, such as lengthy and unclear IRB processes, lack of organizational stability, and limited institutional support. Finally, we offer insight into how scholar-practitioners and institutions ...


Engaging Latino Men In Community Colleges: The Role Of Student-Faculty Interactions, Sarah L. Rodriguez, Kristine Massey, Victor B. Saenz Jan 2016

Engaging Latino Men In Community Colleges: The Role Of Student-Faculty Interactions, Sarah L. Rodriguez, Kristine Massey, Victor B. Saenz

Education Publications

Community college faculty members are essential to promoting student engagement and success, yet little research in this area has focused on the interactions of Latino men with their faculty members. The study utilized Harris and Wood’s (2013) Socio-Ecological Outcomes (SEO) model which focuses on the educational success of men of color in community colleges, to examine how Latino men made meaning of their interactions with faculty members and how these interactions influenced their community college success. Latino men made meaning of their faculty experiences based on (a) the accessibility and approachability of the faculty member, (b) their own hesitancy ...