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Full-Text Articles in Bilingual, Multilingual, and Multicultural Education

Understanding Collaborations Between Chinese And The U.S. Universities: The Development Of A Typology, Hui Kang, Genshu Lu, Linda S. Hagedorn May 2018

Understanding Collaborations Between Chinese And The U.S. Universities: The Development Of A Typology, Hui Kang, Genshu Lu, Linda S. Hagedorn

Education Conference Presentations, Posters and Proceedings

There has been a recent and rapid increase in the number and forms of educational collaborations between the U.S. and China in recent decades. Through the years these collaborations have evolved from the simplest forms of welcome of international students and faculty to complex agreements and even new postsecondary institutions. In this manuscript, we develop a typology to better understand the various varieties of educational collaborations using examples of the various forms between universities in the U.S. and China.


Stem Identity Development For Latinas: The Role Of Self- And Outside Recognition, Sarah L. Rodriguez, Kelly Cunningham, Alec Jordan Nov 2017

Stem Identity Development For Latinas: The Role Of Self- And Outside Recognition, Sarah L. Rodriguez, Kelly Cunningham, Alec Jordan

Education Publications

This qualitative, phenomenological research study explored how 17 Latina undergraduate science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) majors developed their STEM identities. The study focused on the role that self- and outside recognition as a STEM individual played in the process. Interviews revealed students’ self-recognition in many forms. Outside recognition came primarily from STEM peers, faculty members, and family members. Self- and outside recognition were often negotiated through the lens of intersectional identities held by the participants.


Latino Men And Their Fathers: Exploring How Community Cultural Wealth Influences Their Community College Success, Victor B. Saenz, Carmen De Las Mercedez, Sarah L. Rodriguez, Claudia Garcia-Louis Jan 2017

Latino Men And Their Fathers: Exploring How Community Cultural Wealth Influences Their Community College Success, Victor B. Saenz, Carmen De Las Mercedez, Sarah L. Rodriguez, Claudia Garcia-Louis

Education Publications

Academic scholarship has demonstrated the importance of father engagement in fostering early educational success of their children, but little exploration in this area has focused on the role that fathers play in the college success of their Latino male sons. The purpose of this qualitative study was to understand the role of fathers in the educational success of Latino men attending community colleges. Using community cultural wealth as a lens for this study, the experiences of 130 Latino men at community colleges in Texas were highlighted. Results demonstrated how fathers provided support, consejos (advice), and encouragement to their sons. Nonetheless ...


The Intentional And The Grassroots Hispanic-Serving Institutions: A Critical History Of Two Universities, Erin E. Doran, Oscar Medina Jan 2017

The Intentional And The Grassroots Hispanic-Serving Institutions: A Critical History Of Two Universities, Erin E. Doran, Oscar Medina

Education Publications

This study examines the institutional histories of Loma Verde University and Azul City University and their development over time into Hispanic-Serving Institutions. Utilizing a theoretical framework of transformational change, we focus on various aspects of these institutions, including curriculum, the allocation of physical spaces, and the creation of programs that specifically serve Latinx students. The study makes use of archival documents that tell the story of the struggles at each institution to cultivate a campus that addressed the needs of Latinx students to promote their long-term academic success. The findings suggest that these institutions were on paths that were heavily ...


Racial Microaggressions Within The Advisor-Advisee Relationship: Implications For Engineering Research, Policy, And Practice, Brian Burt, Alade S. Mcken, Jordan A. Burkhart, Jennifer Hormell, Alec J. Knight Jun 2016

Racial Microaggressions Within The Advisor-Advisee Relationship: Implications For Engineering Research, Policy, And Practice, Brian Burt, Alade S. Mcken, Jordan A. Burkhart, Jennifer Hormell, Alec J. Knight

Education Conference Presentations, Posters and Proceedings

The underrepresentation of Black men in engineering highlights a missing segment of the population who could contribute to the knowledge economy.1 An increase in Black men in engineering could lead to an increase in Black faculty members - and in general, role models - who cold teach and inspire future generations of students in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM). To address this national concern, stakeholders must first identify prevailing issues such as racial microaggressions, which threaten the long-term participation of Black men in science and engineering.


Life Happens (Outside Of College): Non-College Life-Events And Students’ Likelihood Of Graduation, Bradley E. Cox, Robert D. Reason, Samantha Nix, Megan Gillman Feb 2016

Life Happens (Outside Of College): Non-College Life-Events And Students’ Likelihood Of Graduation, Bradley E. Cox, Robert D. Reason, Samantha Nix, Megan Gillman

Education Publications

Students’ lives outside of college can have dramatic effects on academic outcomes (e.g., grades, persistence, graduation). However, the manner in which students’ lives outside of college are referenced in college-effects models suggests some uncertainty among scholars as to which, and how, student experiences outside of an institution affect college student outcomes. Using longitudinal data from a racially diverse sample of 3914 students (997 White, 1051 Black, 915 Hispanic, and 951 Asian) attending 28 institutions, this study employs logistic regression models to examine relationships between three types of non-college life-events and students’ likelihood of graduation. Specifically, we examine the impact ...


The Effects Of Item Preview On Video-Based Multiple-Choice Listening Assessments, Dennis Koyama, Angela Sun, Gary Ockey Jan 2016

The Effects Of Item Preview On Video-Based Multiple-Choice Listening Assessments, Dennis Koyama, Angela Sun, Gary Ockey

English Publications

Multiple-choice formats remain a popular design for assessing listening comprehension, yet no consensus has been reached on how multiple-choice formats should be employed. Some researchers argue that test takers must be provided with a preview of the items prior to the input (Buck, 1995; Sherman, 1997); others argue that a preview may decrease the authenticity of the task by changing the way input is processed (Hughes, 2003). Using stratified random sampling techniques, more and less proficient Japanese university English learners (N = 206) were assigned one of three test conditions: preview of question stem and answer options (n = 67), preview of ...


Engaging Latino Men In Community Colleges: The Role Of Student-Faculty Interactions, Sarah L. Rodriguez, Kristine Massey, Victor B. Saenz Jan 2016

Engaging Latino Men In Community Colleges: The Role Of Student-Faculty Interactions, Sarah L. Rodriguez, Kristine Massey, Victor B. Saenz

Education Publications

Community college faculty members are essential to promoting student engagement and success, yet little research in this area has focused on the interactions of Latino men with their faculty members. The study utilized Harris and Wood’s (2013) Socio-Ecological Outcomes (SEO) model which focuses on the educational success of men of color in community colleges, to examine how Latino men made meaning of their interactions with faculty members and how these interactions influenced their community college success. Latino men made meaning of their faculty experiences based on (a) the accessibility and approachability of the faculty member, (b) their own hesitancy ...


Overworked And Stressed Teachers Under Market Economy: Case Study In Northwest China, Gulbahar Beckett, Juanjuan Zhao Jan 2015

Overworked And Stressed Teachers Under Market Economy: Case Study In Northwest China, Gulbahar Beckett, Juanjuan Zhao

English Publications

This chapter is based on a case study conducted in Xisheng (pseudonym promised to the participants for anonymity purposes) in Northwest China to explore teachers’ perspectives on teaching under the market economy system. The original plan was to study local indigenous teachers, but that was not possible due to political sensitivity of the region at the time of data collection. As a result, we interviewed mostly Han teachers, including as many local indigenous teachers as possible. We think that the study is still useful as it was the first study of its kind and that it was informative regarding the ...


Spoken Parentheticals In Instructional Discourse In Stem And Non-Stem Disciplines, Tammy Slater, John Levis, Greta M. Levis Jan 2015

Spoken Parentheticals In Instructional Discourse In Stem And Non-Stem Disciplines, Tammy Slater, John Levis, Greta M. Levis

English Publications

Parentheticals, information that is not directly relevant to the topic being addressed, appear in all academic lectures and help listeners distinguish important from less important information. Their use is a critical skill for all teachers. Despite their importance, research on parentheticals in teaching is scarce. This chapter explores the instructional discourse of native English-speaking teaching assistants and international teaching assistants regarding the use of parentheticals, primarily in terms of the intonational and informational patterns they exhibit. Our analysis involved discourse data collected from sixteen classes, eight from chemistry (four taught by native English-speaking TAs and four taught by ITAs) and ...


Creating And Assessing Campus Climates That Support Personal And Social Responsibility, Robert D. Reason Jan 2013

Creating And Assessing Campus Climates That Support Personal And Social Responsibility, Robert D. Reason

Education Publications

Over the past century, there have been several calls to infuse education for personal and social responsibility into the core of higher education. As early as 1937, and again in 1949, for example, professionals from the American Council on Education gathered to discuss the central tenets of higher education in the United States. Both groups of educators concluded that "the central purpose of higher education is the preservation, transmittal, and enrichment of culture by means of instruction, scholarly work, and scientific research" (ACE 1983, 17), but the document that emerged from the 1949 meeting suggested broadening the purpose of higher ...


Online Strategy Instruction For Vocabulary Depth-Of-Knowledge And Web-Based Dictionary Skills, Jim Ranalli Jan 2013

Online Strategy Instruction For Vocabulary Depth-Of-Knowledge And Web-Based Dictionary Skills, Jim Ranalli

English Publications

This paper explores the feasibility of an automated, online form of L2 strategy instruction (SI) as an alternative to conventional, classroom-based forms that rely primarily on teachers. Feasibility was evaluated by studying the effectiveness, both actual and perceived, of a five-week, online SI course designed to teach web-based dictionary skills integrated with knowledge of lexical patterns (involving grammatical collocation, complementation, and transitivity). Sixty-four learners in a US university ESL composition course were matched for vocabulary size and then randomly assigned to treatment and comparison groups in a learning management system. The SI treatment comprised multimedia presentations and a variety of ...


Assessing Language And Content: A Functional Perspective, Bernard Mohan, Constant Leung, Tammy Slater Jan 2010

Assessing Language And Content: A Functional Perspective, Bernard Mohan, Constant Leung, Tammy Slater

English Publications

This chapter will discuss the integrated assessment of language and content (IALC), with particular reference to second language learning and use. We will address the central question of IALC: what does it mean to assess language and content in an integrated way? To put the question more specifically: what does it mean to assess how wording constructs meaning (and particularly content meaning) in text in context?


You Got The Word Now: Problematizing Vocabulary-Based Academic Language Instruction, Katherine R. Bruna, Roberta Vann, Moises P. Escudero Jan 2010

You Got The Word Now: Problematizing Vocabulary-Based Academic Language Instruction, Katherine R. Bruna, Roberta Vann, Moises P. Escudero

Education Publications

With increasing numbers of English Learners enrolling in public schools, teachers of core academic subject area classes are facing the challenge of integrating English language development into instruction. This article describes how teachers' understanding of infusing language into science teaching can shape instructional practices and consequently influence the simultaneous English language development and science learning of English Learner students.


Towards Systematic And Sustained Formative Assessment Of Causal Explanations In Oral Interactions, Tammy Slater, Bernard Mohan Jan 2010

Towards Systematic And Sustained Formative Assessment Of Causal Explanations In Oral Interactions, Tammy Slater, Bernard Mohan

English Publications

The questions and answers in the above exchanges are common occurrences in classroom discourse: requests by the teacher for causal explanations and efforts by the students to give them. To succeed in school, students need to be able to explain causally, and teachers need to be able to assess these explanations. Students’ causal explanations allow teachers to check understandings of how and why; thus, examining the development of this type of discourse has the potential to provide a framework for formative assessment that can promote learning. Researchers and educators working from a systemic functional linguistic perspective have provided a body ...


Construct Definition And Validity Inquiry In Sla Research, Carol Chapelle Jan 1999

Construct Definition And Validity Inquiry In Sla Research, Carol Chapelle

English Publications

In second language acquisition (SLA) research, some form of measurement is frequently used to produce empirical evidence for hypotheses about the nature and development of communicative competence. For example, SLA researchers test learners to investigate such aspects of interlanguage vocabulary1 as the acquisition of semantic (Kellerman 1978) and syntactic (Ard & Gass 1987) features of words, the structure of the L2 lexicon (Meara 1984; Singleton & Little 1991 ), lexicon size (Nation 1993), strategies associated with vocabulary use (Blum-Kulka & Levinson 1983), and automaticity of lexical access (Chitiri, Sun, Willows, and Taylor 1992). Tests are used for investigating vocabulary, as well as for SLA research in general, to elicit learners' performance in a defined context. In other ...


Call In The Year 2000: Still In Search Of Research Paradigms?, Carol Chapelle Jan 1997

Call In The Year 2000: Still In Search Of Research Paradigms?, Carol Chapelle

English Publications

Advancements in the design and use of computer-assisted language learning (CALL) activities require that key questions about CALL be identified and effective research methods be used to answer them. In this paper, I suggest looking to research on other types of second language (L2) classroom learning activities for guidance in framing CALL research questions and in discovering relevant research methods. I begin with examples from the CALL literature demonstrating the diverse perspectives (e.g., cognitive psychology, constructivism, psycholinguistics) which have been suggested as ways of approaching CALL research. I then summarize the research questions and methods of L2 classroom research ...