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Full-Text Articles in Bilingual, Multilingual, and Multicultural Education

Technology-Mediated Tblt In A Hybrid Environment: Bridging Content And Language Production, Cristina Pardo-Ballester Jan 2019

Technology-Mediated Tblt In A Hybrid Environment: Bridging Content And Language Production, Cristina Pardo-Ballester

World Languages and Cultures Publications

This article examines the use of technology-mediated, task-based language teaching (TBLT) in a hybrid environment as an instructional approach in an intermediate-level Spanish course. It (a) evaluates elements of a hybrid course that was developed with computer-assisted language learning (CALL) materials to help learners improve their Spanish, focusing on two areas of specialization––engineering and business; (b) examines the effectiveness of the course materials and curriculum with a focus on CALL readings; (c) demonstrates that the technology-mediated TBLT approach in the hybrid learning environment was successful in linking content and language; and (d) establishes that the learners’ speaking skills had ...


Augmented Reality In Foreign Language Education: A Review Of Empirical Studies (增强现实技术在外语教学中的应用:文献综述性研究), Shenglan Zhang Dec 2018

Augmented Reality In Foreign Language Education: A Review Of Empirical Studies (增强现实技术在外语教学中的应用:文献综述性研究), Shenglan Zhang

World Languages and Cultures Publications

This literature review examines how Augmented Reality (AR) has been used in foreign language learning. AR is a live view of reality that is augmented by computer-generated sound, image, or videos. It allows the user to interact with the real physical environment in an enhanced way. This study provides an overview of what AR is, its history, different definitions, and how it has been used in education in general. It summarizes how AR has been used in all aspects of foreign language education, including skill development (listening, speaking, reading and writing), vocabulary, grammar, culture, the aspect of affect in language ...


Domain Description: Validating The Interpretation Of The Toefl Ibt® Speaking Scores For International Teaching Assistant Screening And Certification Purposes, Elena Cotos, Yoo-Ree Chung Dec 2018

Domain Description: Validating The Interpretation Of The Toefl Ibt® Speaking Scores For International Teaching Assistant Screening And Certification Purposes, Elena Cotos, Yoo-Ree Chung

English Publications

In the past 2 decades, there has been an increasing tendency to use scores from the TOEFL iBT® Speaking test for decisions regarding the certification of international graduate students as teaching assistants at North American universities. To obtain validity evidence in support of the usefulness of the speaking scores for this secondary use of the test, this study adopted the argument‐based approach to validation. Focusing on the domain description inference in the TOEFL interpretive argument, the study investigated whether the language functions elicited by TOEFL iBT Speaking tasks can be identified in authentic discourse produced by international teaching assistants ...


Mujeres Supporting: How Female Family Members Influence The Educational Success Of Latino Males In Postsecondary Education, Victor B. Saenz, Claudia Garcia-Louis, Carmen De Las Mercedez, Sarah L. Rodriguez Jul 2018

Mujeres Supporting: How Female Family Members Influence The Educational Success Of Latino Males In Postsecondary Education, Victor B. Saenz, Claudia Garcia-Louis, Carmen De Las Mercedez, Sarah L. Rodriguez

Education Publications

The purpose of this multi-institutional qualitative study was to understand the educational pathways of Latino males by underscoring the unique role female family members play in their academic pursuits—through the voice of these young men. Findings demonstrate female family members were identified as being primary supporters of their educational pursuits, and actively leveraged different sources of cultural capital to help Latino males enroll and persist through postsecondary education. This study reinforces extant literature on the importance of family in the educational pathways of Latina/o students. Furthermore, it makes a unique contribution by highlighting the important role female family ...


Thinking In Hashtags: Exploring Teenagers’ New Literacies Practices On Twitter, Benjamin W. Gleason May 2018

Thinking In Hashtags: Exploring Teenagers’ New Literacies Practices On Twitter, Benjamin W. Gleason

Education Publications

This research investigates how three high school students in the USA developed new literacies practices through their participation in teenage Twitter. Data was collected from two sources, including archival data from participants’ Twitter over a two-year span, and semi-structured interviews. Results found that teenagers developed a number of practices that facilitated orientation to cultural conventions of teenage Twitter, helped them mobilize followers for participatory events, and led to reflective awareness of how to tell stories on Twitter. This study suggests that teenagers used the affordances of Twitter in order to craft multimodal narratives that are co-constructed, participatory, nonlinear, and emergent ...


Understanding Collaborations Between Chinese And The U.S. Universities: The Development Of A Typology, Hui Kang, Genshu Lu, Linda S. Hagedorn May 2018

Understanding Collaborations Between Chinese And The U.S. Universities: The Development Of A Typology, Hui Kang, Genshu Lu, Linda S. Hagedorn

Education Conference Presentations, Posters and Proceedings

There has been a recent and rapid increase in the number and forms of educational collaborations between the U.S. and China in recent decades. Through the years these collaborations have evolved from the simplest forms of welcome of international students and faculty to complex agreements and even new postsecondary institutions. In this manuscript, we develop a typology to better understand the various varieties of educational collaborations using examples of the various forms between universities in the U.S. and China.


On A Continuum: Examining Ncore's Influence In The Development Of Multicultural Competence In Student Affairs Educators, Jennifer Lynn Plagman-Galvin, Ann M. Gansemer-Topf Apr 2018

On A Continuum: Examining Ncore's Influence In The Development Of Multicultural Competence In Student Affairs Educators, Jennifer Lynn Plagman-Galvin, Ann M. Gansemer-Topf

Education Publications

Multiculturally competent student affairs educators are required to effectively meet the needs of today’s diverse student population. However, little is known about how educators acquire these skills. This study examined the multicultural awareness, knowledge, and skills gained by student affairs educators through their participation in NCORE, an experiential conference exploring race and ethnicity. Results of the study have implications for graduate preparation programs and professional development opportunities for student affairs educators.


"They Can't Expect To Be Treated Like Normal Americans So Soon": Reconceptualizing Latinx Immigrants In Social Studies Education, Ramon Vasquez Mar 2018

"They Can't Expect To Be Treated Like Normal Americans So Soon": Reconceptualizing Latinx Immigrants In Social Studies Education, Ramon Vasquez

Journal of Critical Thought and Praxis

This autoethnography examines the experiences of an assistant professor of elementary social studies methods at a predominantly White institution (PWI). Drawing on the Latina/o Critical Race Theory (LatCrit) methodology of testimonio, the assistant professor in this study, who self-identifies as Chicano, intentionally situates Latinx immigration counter-narratives as oppositional stories to the master narrative of “who belongs.” Using a Critical Race Theory (CRT) framework for analysis, this paper argues that counter-narratives serve as necessary correctives for reconceptualizing racist, essentialist, and nativist master narratives. This paper shows how social studies education courses in teacher preparation programs (TEPs) can serve as sites ...


Best Practices For Planning, Developing, And Sustaining Interdisciplinary Language-Based Study Abroad Programs, Chad M. Gasta Jan 2018

Best Practices For Planning, Developing, And Sustaining Interdisciplinary Language-Based Study Abroad Programs, Chad M. Gasta

World Languages and Cultures Publications

In seventeen years of experience as a study abroad program director, I have seen how university students, faculty members, and administrators have come to share a strategic mission for study or work abroad; namely that programs must provide a meaningful international credential that not only yields a more fruitful undergraduate experience but also creates the potential for a better and higher-paying job upon graduation. I have spoken with many job recruiters over the years who tout the importance of developing an international skill set that requires a profound understanding of other cultures and languages. General news outlets and trade magazines ...


Stem Identity Development For Latinas: The Role Of Self- And Outside Recognition, Sarah L. Rodriguez, Kelly Cunningham, Alec Jordan Nov 2017

Stem Identity Development For Latinas: The Role Of Self- And Outside Recognition, Sarah L. Rodriguez, Kelly Cunningham, Alec Jordan

Education Publications

This qualitative, phenomenological research study explored how 17 Latina undergraduate science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) majors developed their STEM identities. The study focused on the role that self- and outside recognition as a STEM individual played in the process. Interviews revealed students’ self-recognition in many forms. Outside recognition came primarily from STEM peers, faculty members, and family members. Self- and outside recognition were often negotiated through the lens of intersectional identities held by the participants.


Learning Competencies Through Engineering Research Group Experiences, Brian A. Burt Mar 2017

Learning Competencies Through Engineering Research Group Experiences, Brian A. Burt

Education Publications

Purpose - In some fields, research group experiences gained in laboratories are more influential than the classroom in shaping graduate students' research abilities, understandings of post-graduate careers, and professional identities. However, we know little about what and how students learn from their research group experiences. This article explores the learning experiences of engineering graduate students in one chemical engineering research group to determine what students learned and identify the practices and activities that facilitated their learning.

Design/methodology/approach – Ethnography was utilized to observe the experiences of one 20-member research group in chemical engineering. Fieldwork included 13 months of observations, 31 ...


Racializing Experiences Of Foreign-Born And Ethnically Diverse Black Male Engineering Graduate Students: Implications For Student Affairs Practice, Policy, And Research, Brian A. Burt, Alexander Knight, Justin Roberson Jan 2017

Racializing Experiences Of Foreign-Born And Ethnically Diverse Black Male Engineering Graduate Students: Implications For Student Affairs Practice, Policy, And Research, Brian A. Burt, Alexander Knight, Justin Roberson

Education Publications

Despite a growing body of work on the experiences of Black collegians, the higher education knowledge base lacks scholarship focused on Black men in graduate programs who are foreign-born and/or identify ethnically as other than African American. In this article, we provide a domain-specific investigation (i.e., based on students’ field of study), centering on nine Black men in engineering graduate programs. Three themes emerged regarding students’ racialized experiences and effects of racialization: (1) racialization as a transitional process; (2) cultural identity (dis)integrity; and (3) racialized imposter syndrome. We conclude with implications for developing and implementing promising practices ...


Hybrid Learning In Higher Education: The Potential Of Teaching And Learning With Robot-Mediated Communication, Benjamin W. Gleason, Christine Greenhow Jan 2017

Hybrid Learning In Higher Education: The Potential Of Teaching And Learning With Robot-Mediated Communication, Benjamin W. Gleason, Christine Greenhow

Education Publications

Blended learning, which combines online and face-to-face pedagogy, is a fast-growing mode of instruction as universities strive for equitable and alternative pathways to course enrollment, retention, and educational attainment. However, challenges to successfully implementing blended instruction are that social presence, or students’ ability to project their personal characteristics into the learning space, is reduced with potential negative effects on student engagement, persistence, and academic achievement. Instructors are experimenting with robot-mediated communication (RMC) to address these challenges. Results from a study of RMC at a large public university suggest that it offers advantages over traditionally used video- conferencing, including affordances for ...


Latino Men And Their Fathers: Exploring How Community Cultural Wealth Influences Their Community College Success, Victor B. Saenz, Carmen De Las Mercedez, Sarah L. Rodriguez, Claudia Garcia-Louis Jan 2017

Latino Men And Their Fathers: Exploring How Community Cultural Wealth Influences Their Community College Success, Victor B. Saenz, Carmen De Las Mercedez, Sarah L. Rodriguez, Claudia Garcia-Louis

Education Publications

Academic scholarship has demonstrated the importance of father engagement in fostering early educational success of their children, but little exploration in this area has focused on the role that fathers play in the college success of their Latino male sons. The purpose of this qualitative study was to understand the role of fathers in the educational success of Latino men attending community colleges. Using community cultural wealth as a lens for this study, the experiences of 130 Latino men at community colleges in Texas were highlighted. Results demonstrated how fathers provided support, consejos (advice), and encouragement to their sons. Nonetheless ...


The Intentional And The Grassroots Hispanic-Serving Institutions: A Critical History Of Two Universities, Erin E. Doran, Oscar Medina Jan 2017

The Intentional And The Grassroots Hispanic-Serving Institutions: A Critical History Of Two Universities, Erin E. Doran, Oscar Medina

Education Publications

This study examines the institutional histories of Loma Verde University and Azul City University and their development over time into Hispanic-Serving Institutions. Utilizing a theoretical framework of transformational change, we focus on various aspects of these institutions, including curriculum, the allocation of physical spaces, and the creation of programs that specifically serve Latinx students. The study makes use of archival documents that tell the story of the struggles at each institution to cultivate a campus that addressed the needs of Latinx students to promote their long-term academic success. The findings suggest that these institutions were on paths that were heavily ...


Disentangling Research On Study Abroad And Pronunciation: Methodological And Programmatic Considerations, Charles Nagle, Alfonso Morales-Front, Colleen Moorman, Cristina Sanz Jul 2016

Disentangling Research On Study Abroad And Pronunciation: Methodological And Programmatic Considerations, Charles Nagle, Alfonso Morales-Front, Colleen Moorman, Cristina Sanz

World Languages and Cultures Publications

Despite intuitive and theoretically motivated claims that Study Abroad (SA) is an optimal environment for language development, including pronunciation gains, research on its effectiveness has produced contradictory results. Furthermore, there is little known about short-term study abroad programs, where matriculation numbers are increasing faster than ever before. This chapter analyzes pre- and post-SA oral production data from 18 advanced learners of Spanish, focusing on stop consonants (/p, t, k, b, d, g/). Development was defined in terms of voice onset time for /p, t, k/ and a 5-point lenition measure for /b, d, g/. Learners produced significantly shorter VOT values ...


Racial Microaggressions Within The Advisor-Advisee Relationship: Implications For Engineering Research, Policy, And Practice, Brian Burt, Alade S. Mcken, Jordan A. Burkhart, Jennifer Hormell, Alec J. Knight Jun 2016

Racial Microaggressions Within The Advisor-Advisee Relationship: Implications For Engineering Research, Policy, And Practice, Brian Burt, Alade S. Mcken, Jordan A. Burkhart, Jennifer Hormell, Alec J. Knight

Education Conference Presentations, Posters and Proceedings

The underrepresentation of Black men in engineering highlights a missing segment of the population who could contribute to the knowledge economy.1 An increase in Black men in engineering could lead to an increase in Black faculty members - and in general, role models - who cold teach and inspire future generations of students in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM). To address this national concern, stakeholders must first identify prevailing issues such as racial microaggressions, which threaten the long-term participation of Black men in science and engineering.


Creating And Publicizing A Diversity Plan, Michael J. Bugeja Mar 2016

Creating And Publicizing A Diversity Plan, Michael J. Bugeja

Iowa State Conference on Race and Ethnicity (ISCORE)

The presentation explains how to create and publicize a diversity plan and to integrate that plan with a unit's mission statement and strategic plan.


Life Happens (Outside Of College): Non-College Life-Events And Students’ Likelihood Of Graduation, Bradley E. Cox, Robert D. Reason, Samantha Nix, Megan Gillman Feb 2016

Life Happens (Outside Of College): Non-College Life-Events And Students’ Likelihood Of Graduation, Bradley E. Cox, Robert D. Reason, Samantha Nix, Megan Gillman

Education Publications

Students’ lives outside of college can have dramatic effects on academic outcomes (e.g., grades, persistence, graduation). However, the manner in which students’ lives outside of college are referenced in college-effects models suggests some uncertainty among scholars as to which, and how, student experiences outside of an institution affect college student outcomes. Using longitudinal data from a racially diverse sample of 3914 students (997 White, 1051 Black, 915 Hispanic, and 951 Asian) attending 28 institutions, this study employs logistic regression models to examine relationships between three types of non-college life-events and students’ likelihood of graduation. Specifically, we examine the impact ...


Providing Spaces On College Campuses And Through Social Media For Men Of Color To Offer Counterstories, Cameron C. Beatty, Cristobal Salinas Jr. Jan 2016

Providing Spaces On College Campuses And Through Social Media For Men Of Color To Offer Counterstories, Cameron C. Beatty, Cristobal Salinas Jr.

Leadership Studies Publications

Counterstorytelling and history can be useful to understand the historical and political context of power, privilege and the oppression of historically marginalized communities in the United States (Zinn, 1994). Similar to counterstorytelling and history, social media has become an important source of news that influences the examination of society and culture, and its interaction of race, law, power and privilege. If one was born yesterday, with no knowledge of the past, one might simply accept anything and everything that social media tells us. “Knowing a bit of history—while it would not absolutely prove the government [and media] were lying ...


El Uso Del Vídeo En Tests De Comprensión Oral Por Internet, Cristina Pardo-Ballester Jan 2016

El Uso Del Vídeo En Tests De Comprensión Oral Por Internet, Cristina Pardo-Ballester

World Languages and Cultures Publications

Con la tecnología multimedia sofisticada, hay un interés renovado en la relación entre canales visuales y auditivos en la evaluación de la comprensión oral (CO). La investigación emergente sobre el uso de elementos visuales en la evaluación de la comprensión oral ha producido resultados no concluyentes. Algunos estudiantes se desempeñan mejor en pruebas que incluyen la información visual (Wagner, 2007) mientras otros no han encontrado ninguna diferencia en el desempeño de los participantes en los dos formatos de prueba (Batty, 2015). Estos resultados mixtos hacen que sea necesario examinar el papel de la utilización de audio y vídeo en CO ...


L2 Collaborative E-Writing, Cristina Pardo-Ballester, Adolfo Carillo Cabello Jan 2016

L2 Collaborative E-Writing, Cristina Pardo-Ballester, Adolfo Carillo Cabello

World Languages and Cultures Publications

Writing as a process has been recognized as an important tenant to integrate in L1 and L2 language courses. Research in this area has shown that collaboration in the form of peer-review exercises can improve writing outcomes. Even though research in this area has identified benefits for conducting peer reviews online, these studies have focused on the analysis of improvements in writing skills from the collaboration process without full consideration of the medium used in the process of collaboration and how the perceptions of students evolve.

This mixed-methods longitudinal study was aimed at the examination of the change in perceptions ...


Critical Cultural Student Affairs Praxis And Participatory Action Research, Oiyan A. Poon, Dian D. Squire, Delia Cheung Hom, Kevin Gin, Megan S. Segoshi, Aaron Parayno Jan 2016

Critical Cultural Student Affairs Praxis And Participatory Action Research, Oiyan A. Poon, Dian D. Squire, Delia Cheung Hom, Kevin Gin, Megan S. Segoshi, Aaron Parayno

Education Publications

This paper explores how student affairs practitioners may engage in critical cultural praxis through participatory action research (PAR). As authors, both researchers and practitioners, we partnered with one another to conduct a needs assessment of Asian American students through PAR methods at a university in the northeast United States. Unfortunately, the PAR project as initially designed did not come to fruition. We used autoethnography to understand the many barriers that prevented the completion of the project, such as lengthy and unclear IRB processes, lack of organizational stability, and limited institutional support. Finally, we offer insight into how scholar-practitioners and institutions ...


Engaging Latino Men In Community Colleges: The Role Of Student-Faculty Interactions, Sarah L. Rodriguez, Kristine Massey, Victor B. Saenz Jan 2016

Engaging Latino Men In Community Colleges: The Role Of Student-Faculty Interactions, Sarah L. Rodriguez, Kristine Massey, Victor B. Saenz

Education Publications

Community college faculty members are essential to promoting student engagement and success, yet little research in this area has focused on the interactions of Latino men with their faculty members. The study utilized Harris and Wood’s (2013) Socio-Ecological Outcomes (SEO) model which focuses on the educational success of men of color in community colleges, to examine how Latino men made meaning of their interactions with faculty members and how these interactions influenced their community college success. Latino men made meaning of their faculty experiences based on (a) the accessibility and approachability of the faculty member, (b) their own hesitancy ...


America 101, Varad Dimate, Ryan Eiffert, Charlie Coffey Jul 2015

America 101, Varad Dimate, Ryan Eiffert, Charlie Coffey

Ethos

About 12 students are gathered in a small room in the old Landscape Architecture building. One of the students steps up to make a presentation on his intended major and resulting opportunities. Others take notes and make comments about the presenter on a rubric sheet. This might seem like any other English class one is required to take before graduation. However, these students haven’t yet started with for-credit classes.


Applying A Freirian Lens On Social Justice Education: One Practitioner’S Perspective, D. Scott Tharp Feb 2015

Applying A Freirian Lens On Social Justice Education: One Practitioner’S Perspective, D. Scott Tharp

Journal of Critical Thought and Praxis

Freire’s writings beyond Pedagogy of the Oppressed offer value to social justice educators looking to deeply explore and inform their own practice. His ideas related to class suicide, authority and freedom, political clarity, educational directivity and epistemological circling can enhance social justice educators approach to recognizing personal prejudices, negotiating emotions, personal disclosure, and navigating authority in educational settings. Through phenomenological reflections on my social justice education practice as a curriculum designer and facilitator within higher education, Freire’s ideas are used to analyze my experiences and provide insight for how I can re-imagine my practice to contribute to democratic ...


Queering Center: A Critical Discourse Analysis Of University Lgbt Center Theoretical Foundations, Jen M. Self Jan 2015

Queering Center: A Critical Discourse Analysis Of University Lgbt Center Theoretical Foundations, Jen M. Self

Journal of Critical Thought and Praxis

Queering Center: A Critical Discourse Analysis of University LGBT Center Theoretical Foundations

Abstract

The purpose of the present study was to examine the framing discourse of theorization and practice surrounding university-based Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender (LGBT) resource centers. Building on interdisciplinary work by critical feminist, race, and queer scholars in sociology, social work, education, and political science, this study proposed a vital shift from identity politics (Combahee River Collective, 1977) and multicultural (Jay, 1994; Ward, 2008) theorizing and practice frameworks to praxis grounded in intersectional understandings of identity and resistance to interlocking systems of oppression (Razack, 1999) which (re ...


Readability-Based Sentence Ranking For Evaluating Text Simplification, Sowmya Vajjala, Detmar Meurers Jan 2015

Readability-Based Sentence Ranking For Evaluating Text Simplification, Sowmya Vajjala, Detmar Meurers

English Technical Reports and White Papers

We propose a new method for evaluating the readability of simplified sentences through pair-wise ranking. The validity of the method is established through in-corpus and cross-corpus evaluation experiments. The approach correctly identifies the ranking of simplified and unsimplified sentences in terms of their reading level with an accuracy of over 80%, significantly outperforming previous results. To gain qualitative insights into the nature of simplification at the sentence level, we studied the impact of specific linguistic features. We empirically confirm that both word-level and syntactic features play a role in comparing the degree of simplification of authentic data. To carry out ...


Learners’ Views Of Social Issues In Pronunciation Learning, John Levis Jan 2015

Learners’ Views Of Social Issues In Pronunciation Learning, John Levis

English Publications

Success in L2 pronunciation learning is affected by both individual differ-ences and social influences on learning. While individual differences have been extensively researched, social influences have not. This study examines the beliefs and attitudes of advanced learners of English in regard to their pronunciation abilities and improvement. Twelve graduate students took part in four weeks of individualized pronunciation tutoring followed by inter-views asking about their pronunciation, use of English, and their pronuncition in social contexts. The interviews revealed four images of their pronunciation learning. The first was that their spoken language skills left them feeling pulled in conflicting directions; the ...


Language Learning Policy Through The Lens Of Language As A Problem, As A Right, And As A Resource., Carla A. Mcnelly Dr. Jan 2015

Language Learning Policy Through The Lens Of Language As A Problem, As A Right, And As A Resource., Carla A. Mcnelly Dr.

Carla A McNelly

Richard Ruíz first developed the framework of language as a problem, as a right, and as a resource as a way of engaging how we examine language learning policies. This lens remains a useful tool in examining our national language learning policies. This article incorporates the academic work of additional scholars to define the United States’ practices, policies, and outcomes of language as a problem, as a right, and as a resource. Through the use of this framework, we realize that our nation’s bilingual education programs are generating monolingual and limited bilingual students. Equipped with an understanding that our ...