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Bilingual, Multilingual, and Multicultural Education Commons

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Iowa State University

First and Second Language Acquisition

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Articles 1 - 30 of 101

Full-Text Articles in Bilingual, Multilingual, and Multicultural Education

Organization Of Vocabulary In L2 Spanish Textbooks: Semantic Relationships Within And Between Vocabulary Lists, Brody Dingel Apr 2017

Organization Of Vocabulary In L2 Spanish Textbooks: Semantic Relationships Within And Between Vocabulary Lists, Brody Dingel

Symposium on Undergraduate Research and Creative Expression

The use of semantically related words in new vocabulary lists is common practice in second language textbooks. However, research has suggested that organizing new foreign language vocabulary in semantic sets may cause interference and even slow acquisition as compared to other organizational methods (Erten & Tekin 2008). When it comes to assessing the frequency of this semantic organization of new vocabulary in foreign language textbooks, relatively little research has been done, especially with regard to Spanish textbooks. López-Jiménez's study (2012) on vocabulary in Spanish textbooks found that semantic organization was present in six of twelve textbooks surveyed, but the definition ...


Exploring Strategy Effectiveness For English Language Learners Through Scholarly Engagement, Lauren Perila Apr 2015

Exploring Strategy Effectiveness For English Language Learners Through Scholarly Engagement, Lauren Perila

Symposium on Undergraduate Research and Creative Expression

This exploratory project is undertaken in relation to President Leath’s ISU 4U Promise, a new universityschool partnership intended to promote college access for youth historically excluded from higher education. It uses the idea of scholarly engagement, which emphasizes moving theory to practice in collaboration with the communities who have potential to benefit. This project was conducted in classrooms of the Iowa State University 4U Promise partnering elementary schools, King and Moulton. Drawing on research about engagement and academic success among English Language Learners (ELLs) and working with teachers, several identified strategies were tested. Over a semester, 5 hours a ...


Chinese Esl Learners' Pragmatic Competence In The Usage Of Genuine Compliments, Ironic Compliments, And Ironic Insults, Jessica Sparr Apr 2015

Chinese Esl Learners' Pragmatic Competence In The Usage Of Genuine Compliments, Ironic Compliments, And Ironic Insults, Jessica Sparr

Symposium on Undergraduate Research and Creative Expression

This study examined the pragmatic competency of Chinese ESL learners’ with genuine compliments, ironic compliments, and ironic insults. A genuine compliment is praise framed positively (e.g., "Good job!") while an ironic compliment is one framed negatively (e.g., "Lousy job!"). An ironic insult is an insult framed positively so that it resembles a compliment [e.g., saying "Good job" when it was lousy]). Subjects rated nine scenarios with these three types of speech acts according to (1) how insulted the complimentee is likely to be, (2) what impact the compliment/insult might have on the complimentercomplimentee relationship, (3) what ...


The Effects Of Computer-Mediated Interaction In L2 Vocabulary Learning, Soh Youn Kim Jan 2006

The Effects Of Computer-Mediated Interaction In L2 Vocabulary Learning, Soh Youn Kim

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study investigated the effects of a computer-mediated (CM) interaction task on university level ESL learners' lexical development while doing collaborative dialogues using MSN instant messenger in non-native student to non-native student (NNS-NNS) dyads. Specifically, the study examined the learners' interaction by looking at MSN messenger scripts to find the negotiation routines. Also, the mean pre-test and two post-test scores were compared to assess the acquisition of new lexical items. This study investigated whether the learners used an online dictionary and whether they selected the most appropriate words in the given context. The participants were 10 (6 male, 4 female ...


Faster, Normal Or Slower?: The Effects Of Speech Rates On High-Intermediate Esl Learners' Listening Comprehension Of Academic Lectures, Fushun Le Jan 2006

Faster, Normal Or Slower?: The Effects Of Speech Rates On High-Intermediate Esl Learners' Listening Comprehension Of Academic Lectures, Fushun Le

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study is to 1) identify whether three speech rates (SR) (normal, faster and slower) have different effects on high-intermediate ESL learners' listening comprehension of academic lectures, and if so, to determine which SR is the most beneficial to the learners' comprehension; and 2) to identify learners' perception of SRs and reasons for lecture incomprehensibility. Eleven international students were asked to listen to three long academic lectures on unfamiliar topics and answer multiple choice comprehension questions, which was followed by a brief survey of their perception of the SR appropriateness and lecture difficulty. The original SRs of ...


Self-Representations And Power Relations In Peer Review Interactions: A Case Study Of Two International Students In A Composition Class, Lavinia Hirsu Jan 2006

Self-Representations And Power Relations In Peer Review Interactions: A Case Study Of Two International Students In A Composition Class, Lavinia Hirsu

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Peer review is a commonly used activity in cross-cultural composition classes; however, little research has investigated how NNSEs' (non-native speakers of English) self-perceptions and power relations reflect and are reflected in their peer discourse, more exactly in the use of social-interactional strategies and personal stance. In this microethnographic study, I followed two NNSEs working in dyads with two different peers (a native and a non-native speaker of English) for a rhetorical analysis assignment in a cross-cultural composition class. First I distributed a survey to the six participants in order to determine their perceptions of previous and hypothetical peer interactions, and ...


Motivation And Acquisition Of Pronunciation In Efl Students In El Salvador, Christian Enrique Meléndez Jan 2006

Motivation And Acquisition Of Pronunciation In Efl Students In El Salvador, Christian Enrique Meléndez

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study examines the effect of pronunciation instruction and motivation in the acquisition of second language pronunciation in EFL students in El Salvador. Eighteen participants were given a pronunciation pre-test and a post-test. They received 20 minutes of pronunciation training each day for fifteen days. The training focused on the pronunciation of two different English sounds, /[O with line through the middle]/ and /-ed/ endings for the past of the regular verbs. The participants also completed a self-report motivation questionnaire containing nine different variables. Three different statistical analyses were used to analyze the data collected: paired t-tests, Cronbach's Alpha ...


Patterns Of Adverbial Stance Marking In United Nations Political Discourse: A Corpus-Based Study, Adrian Florea Jan 2006

Patterns Of Adverbial Stance Marking In United Nations Political Discourse: A Corpus-Based Study, Adrian Florea

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


This And These As Pronouns And Determiners: A Corpus-Based Study Of Published Academic Research Articles, Bethany Dianne Ekle Gray Jan 2006

This And These As Pronouns And Determiners: A Corpus-Based Study Of Published Academic Research Articles, Bethany Dianne Ekle Gray

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Diachronic Linguistic Variation In Academic Papers And Its Relationship To The Enculturation Process Of A Novice Nns Graduate Student Into The Academia: A Developmental Case Study, Moisés Damián Perales Escudero Jan 2005

Diachronic Linguistic Variation In Academic Papers And Its Relationship To The Enculturation Process Of A Novice Nns Graduate Student Into The Academia: A Developmental Case Study, Moisés Damián Perales Escudero

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Variations In Interactional Modifications In Synchronous Computer-Mediated Communication (Cmc) Between Different Tasks Among Indonesian Non-Native Speakers (Nnss) Of English, Neny Isharyanti Jan 2005

Variations In Interactional Modifications In Synchronous Computer-Mediated Communication (Cmc) Between Different Tasks Among Indonesian Non-Native Speakers (Nnss) Of English, Neny Isharyanti

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Research Into The Use Of Help Options In A Multimedia Listening Unit, Maja Grgurović Jan 2005

Research Into The Use Of Help Options In A Multimedia Listening Unit, Maja Grgurović

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study investigated learner behavior and performance in a CALL multimedia listening activity which offered a video and two textual help options - a lecture transcript and subtitles in cases of comprehension breakdowns. In particular, the study examined and compared the learners' use of two help options by looking at the time and frequency of interaction with help. The study aimed to identify and compare possible patterns of participants' interaction with help options as well as investigate possible differences between participants at two proficiency levels. The participants in the study were eighteen ESL college students at the intermediate level of listening ...


Effects Of Images On The Incidental Acquisition Of Abstract Words, Anne O'Bryan Jan 2005

Effects Of Images On The Incidental Acquisition Of Abstract Words, Anne O'Bryan

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Recently, research has investigated whether glossing individual vocabulary words in a reading text with multimedia annotations-either with text, video, or still images- helps students learn the individual items, and therefore improve comprehension (Chun, Plass, 1996; Al-Seghayer, 2001). The studies, which are built around the assumption that students can learn better and more efficiently when information is presented in more than one mode, revealed a positive correlation between imagery and vocabulary acquisition. However, most studies focusing on teaching vocabulary incidentally with multimedia annotations annotated only the more concrete words which can easily be portrayed using still images or video. Research attempting ...


Functions Of "Shell Nouns" As Cohesive Devices In Academic Writing: A Comparative Corpus-Based Study, Rahime Nur Aktas Jan 2005

Functions Of "Shell Nouns" As Cohesive Devices In Academic Writing: A Comparative Corpus-Based Study, Rahime Nur Aktas

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study compares the functions of abstract nouns previously defined as "shell nouns" (Schmid, 2000) to create cohesion in academic texts written by professional published authors and international graduate students. To make this comparison, two corpora of research papers, one by international graduate students and one by published authors, were collected from 6 different academic disciplines (Art and Design, Biology, Computer Science, Economics, Environmental Engineering, and Physics and Astronomy). The 35 shell nouns (Hinkel, 2004) were investigated in order to find out the frequency patterns in both corpora. The six shell nouns identified as the most common ones in the ...


Communication During Public Service Encounters: Spanish L1 Immigrant Consumers And English L1 Employees, Robin Lanae Hinders Jan 2005

Communication During Public Service Encounters: Spanish L1 Immigrant Consumers And English L1 Employees, Robin Lanae Hinders

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

As the state of Iowa continues to see an influx in 'new immigrants,' English speaking retail and service agency employees often assist consumers who are nonnative speakers of English on a regular basis. This mismatch between language and culture can sometimes cause misunderstanding and discomfort in cross-cultural relationships. Six Hispanic Spanish LI adult consumers and 13 White English LI employees from one rural Iowa community participated in this study. Both groups were asked a series of interview questions to share their perceptions about their ability to communicate with people in the other group. The participants were also asked to consider ...


Retelling As An Effective Reading Comprehension Strategy For Young Esl Learners, Jung-Ah Han Jan 2005

Retelling As An Effective Reading Comprehension Strategy For Young Esl Learners, Jung-Ah Han

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Retelling is not a new strategy, but it has been underestimated for a long time. This study investigates the effectiveness of retelling as a reading strategy for elementary school students of English as a Second Language (ESL). Two first graders, three second graders, and three fifth graders participated in the study. They were divided into two groups (Group A and B) considering their English competence and other factors. Their retelling outcomes including oral, written and drawings during 2 months period were collected and analyzed. During the study, students were being read stories and asked to retell the stories orally and ...


A Comparison Of The Use Of Strategies In Reading Electronic And Printed Text By Chinese Adult Esl Learners, Ching-Hui Wang Jan 2005

A Comparison Of The Use Of Strategies In Reading Electronic And Printed Text By Chinese Adult Esl Learners, Ching-Hui Wang

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study investigates whether Chinese adult ESL learners use the same reading strategies online as they do in traditional print. Three Chinese-speaking graduate students at Iowa State University participated in this study. To best elicit information regarding subjects' thought processes and their use of reading strategies, several methods were used, including think-aloud protocols, Morae software, and a follow-up interview. During the think-aloud process, subjects were assigned two reading tasks. One process involved reading in traditional print, and in the other process, participants read in hypertext. Each text format consisted of three passages. Each subject had the option of choosing two ...


The Impact In-Class Activities In An Academic Communication Skills Class For International Teaching Assistants (Itas) Have On Avoiding Miscommunication In An Out-Of-Class Simulated Office Hour, Elizabeth Clare Tremmel Jan 2005

The Impact In-Class Activities In An Academic Communication Skills Class For International Teaching Assistants (Itas) Have On Avoiding Miscommunication In An Out-Of-Class Simulated Office Hour, Elizabeth Clare Tremmel

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Fluency Through Friends: Authentic Video, Subtitle Modification, And Oral Fluency, Christopher Mark Rozendaal Jan 2005

Fluency Through Friends: Authentic Video, Subtitle Modification, And Oral Fluency, Christopher Mark Rozendaal

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Field Dependence/ Field Independence: How Do Students Perform In Call-Based Listening Activities?, Mónica Stella Cárdenas-Claros Jan 2005

Field Dependence/ Field Independence: How Do Students Perform In Call-Based Listening Activities?, Mónica Stella Cárdenas-Claros

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Second Language Needs Analysis In The Workplace: A Case Study Of Hispanic Immigrant Manufacturing Workers, Silke Tietjens Wettergren Jan 2005

Second Language Needs Analysis In The Workplace: A Case Study Of Hispanic Immigrant Manufacturing Workers, Silke Tietjens Wettergren

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Where Are The Latinos?: Improving Representation At Metropolitan Community College In South Omaha, Nebraska, Erin Eileen Joy Jan 2005

Where Are The Latinos?: Improving Representation At Metropolitan Community College In South Omaha, Nebraska, Erin Eileen Joy

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


The Mental Verbs "Think" And "Believe" In Authorial Evaluative "That" Statements: A Corpus Study Of Four Academic Disciplines, Brenda Kathlene Daisy Jan 2005

The Mental Verbs "Think" And "Believe" In Authorial Evaluative "That" Statements: A Corpus Study Of Four Academic Disciplines, Brenda Kathlene Daisy

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


An Assessment And Analysis Of English Language Needs Of Arabic-Speaking Students Particularly For The Arabian Gulf Region Attending Iowa State University, Cris Deanna Fisher Jan 2004

An Assessment And Analysis Of English Language Needs Of Arabic-Speaking Students Particularly For The Arabian Gulf Region Attending Iowa State University, Cris Deanna Fisher

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Esl Students' Use Of Concordances And Dictionaries In The Transfer Of Academic Word Knowledge: A Comparative Study, Jagdish Kaur Jan 2004

Esl Students' Use Of Concordances And Dictionaries In The Transfer Of Academic Word Knowledge: A Comparative Study, Jagdish Kaur

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Concordancing in the classroom is fairly a new approach which has emerged with the use of corpora in language learning. In a concordance, language is presented in natural setting; learners are able to examine a key word in the context of a string of sentences which can exemplify the use of that particular word. Learners need not rely heavily on their teachers or their own intuition as they can explore specific language features from the vast amount of information in the corpora. Vocabulary knowledge acquired from a concordance can be transferred to novel texts (Cobb, 1999) to enhance student writing ...


The Cross-Cultural Component In Teaching Business English To Native Russian Speakers, Maria Loukianenko Jan 2004

The Cross-Cultural Component In Teaching Business English To Native Russian Speakers, Maria Loukianenko

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This thesis project is designed to conduct a cross-cultural analysis of rhetorical patterns in Russian and American business correspondence. The study reviews the literature on previous findings in international business communication presented by both linguists and international management and marketing theorists. A special focus is on Hofstede's theory of cultural dimensions (power distance, uncertainty avoidance, and individualism/collectivism). The study adapts his theory for the linguistic and rhetorical analysis of the American and Russian business letters. As a part of the research, a preliminary framework is set up that allows the comparison of the data in terms of the ...


Literature And The Development Of Oral Fluency: A Study Using Poetry And Children's Literature In Adult Esl Instruction, Ketty Ruth Reppert Jan 2004

Literature And The Development Of Oral Fluency: A Study Using Poetry And Children's Literature In Adult Esl Instruction, Ketty Ruth Reppert

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The place of literature in language teaching has long been debated. This study investigates the use of poetry and children's literature written in verse as materials for helping advanced adult learners of English as a second or foreign language develop oral fluency skills. Fifteen native Chinese-speaking graduate students or professionals associated with ISU participated in the study. Speech samples were taken before and after a two-week treatment period. Participants were randomly assigned to one of the three treatment groups: a children's literature group, and adult literature group, and a control group. During the treatment period, each of the ...


The Impact Of Multilingualism & Language Learning Experiences On An Immigrant Woman's Identity: A Case Study, Dessislava Georgieva Bekrieva-Grannis Jan 2004

The Impact Of Multilingualism & Language Learning Experiences On An Immigrant Woman's Identity: A Case Study, Dessislava Georgieva Bekrieva-Grannis

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Following the interpretive qualitative approach, the present study strives to give voice to an immigrant woman by telling her story about the development of her identity as a multilingual learner of English. Using multiple methods of data collection (in-depth interviews, informal observations, documents, artifact, member checks, and peer debriefings), this research attempts to shed light on how an immigrant woman makes sense out of her social world through the languages she uses, their function in her life, the meanings she assigns to each and the role of learning languages on her multilingual identity. Some SLA investigators have argued that because ...


Examining Esl Students' Vocabulary Retention In An On-Line Environment Using The Mental Effort Hypothesis, Jennifer Anne Oden Jan 2004

Examining Esl Students' Vocabulary Retention In An On-Line Environment Using The Mental Effort Hypothesis, Jennifer Anne Oden

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The advent of computer-assisted language learning (CALL) materials has revolutionized teaching as increasing numbers of educators realize the power of the medium. With the proliferation of these materials comes a need for developers to make informed choices about the materials they create. In studies using traditional print materials, researchers have discovered the importance of glossing difficult vocabulary words; however, the method of glossing varies greatly. More research is needed to inform the decisions educators make about the types of glosses to offer. The research questions shaping this study are: 1) Does a multiple-choice option that requires students to expend mental ...


Attitudes Of Native And Nonnative Speakers Of English Toward Various Regional And Social U.S. English Accents, Stacey R. Dent Jan 2004

Attitudes Of Native And Nonnative Speakers Of English Toward Various Regional And Social U.S. English Accents, Stacey R. Dent

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.