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Full-Text Articles in Education

The Reforming Role Of The Government In National Growth, Bakhti Ochilova Feb 2021

The Reforming Role Of The Government In National Growth, Bakhti Ochilova

Mental Enlightenment Scientific-Methodological Journal

The article discusses the main structural structure of the co-ordinating political system of state power in the implementation of the Action Strategy for the further development of Uzbekistan and the role of the state as a body that determines and regulates existing political processes. , for the formation and growth of democratic society institutions, the state should protect them from the socio-economic aspects, improve state and society building, ensure the rule of law, enhance the judiciary, further develop and liberalize the economy, develop the social sphere, security, interethnic harmony and its functions in ensuring religious tolerance and conducting foreign policy in ...


Improving The National Education System Using International Experience Of Investing In Human Capital, Z. T. Gaibnazarova Feb 2021

Improving The National Education System Using International Experience Of Investing In Human Capital, Z. T. Gaibnazarova

International Relations: Politics, Economics, Law

The article discusses the place of education in economic processes, the German experience in the functioning and reform of the education system, as well as the need to take into account national specifics when reforming national education. Based on the analyzes and results, conclusions are given on the definition of human capital as one of the significant elements of the new economic system, and ensuring the effectiveness of its formation will create conditions for profitable activities, and, as a result, the socio-economic, scientific, technological and resource-ecological development of our countries. The development of human capital should be the main strategic ...


Systemic Leadership Development: Impact On Organizational Effectiveness, Stephanie Douglas, Daisha M. Merritt, Robin Roberts, Daryl Watkins Jan 2021

Systemic Leadership Development: Impact On Organizational Effectiveness, Stephanie Douglas, Daisha M. Merritt, Robin Roberts, Daryl Watkins

Publications

This study examines the impact of leadership development programs on organizational outcomes and organizational effectiveness. Using a grounded theory approach, semi-structured interviews were conducted with 15 executive leaders from aviation firms in Brazil with employees participating in a leadership development program. NVivo12 was used for coding and managing the data. Thematic analysis was performed to determine themes and categories. The leadership development program was found to influence organizational level outcomes identified as themes of internal impact, external impact, skill development, and capacity. The interviews also found that executive leaders perceived the leadership development program to impact organizational effectiveness. Connections to ...


Problem On The Plains: College Earnings Premiums In Small Metropolitan Areas, John V. Winters Dec 2020

Problem On The Plains: College Earnings Premiums In Small Metropolitan Areas, John V. Winters

Economics Working Papers

I use the American Community Survey to examine how college earnings premiums differ across small metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs) in the U.S. I document that the West North Central Division (Plains Region) has especially low average college earnings premiums. Controlling for observable MSA characteristics via regression explains some of the difference between the Plains and other regions, but large and important differences remain. The low return to education for small MSAs in the Plains suggests that they will face special challenges building and retaining human capital in the near future. These areas may especially struggle to attract college-educated in-migrants.


Employment Opportunities And High School Completion During The Covid-19 Recession, Kunwon Ahn, Jun Yeong Lee, John V. Winters Oct 2020

Employment Opportunities And High School Completion During The Covid-19 Recession, Kunwon Ahn, Jun Yeong Lee, John V. Winters

Economics Working Papers

COVID-19 created major disruptions for young people including health concerns, school closures, reduced social opportunities, and a wilting economy. We examine the effect of COVID-19 on high school completion in the United States. We find that high school completion rates increased considerably in 2020 compared to previous years. We investigate various mechanisms and find that worse employment conditions were the driving force. The lower opportunity costs of schooling because of the pandemic recession encouraged more young people to complete high school. The pandemic created extensive problems in education, but fortunately it did not reduce overall high school completion rates.


A Language Barrier To Human Capital Development: The Case Of Guatemalan Students, Fidel Pérez Macal Sep 2020

A Language Barrier To Human Capital Development: The Case Of Guatemalan Students, Fidel Pérez Macal

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Not being proficient in a school’s predominant language of instruction can represent a language barrier for students’ human capital development. In Guatemala, 24 languages are spoken apart from Spanish, which is the language of instruction in the majority of schools, and about 40 percent of the total population has a non-Spanish language as a mother tongue. National standardized tests show that non-Spanish mother tongue (non-SMT) students are outperformed by SMT students in elementary and secondary schools.

My thesis analyzes whether non-SMT students face a language barrier and traces its source. Two main findings emerge. First, non-SMT students are not ...


The Concept Of “Human Potential” And Its Essence, Hurshid Naqibillaevich Holmirzaev Jul 2020

The Concept Of “Human Potential” And Its Essence, Hurshid Naqibillaevich Holmirzaev

Scientific Bulletin of Namangan State University

The article analyzes the problem of human potential. The concept of "human potential", the relationship of human potential with human ability and capital, the development of human potential are studied in the context of the development of society.


Self-Regulated Learning Instruction’S Relationships With Teacher Subject Area, Teacher Beliefs, And Teacher Efficacy, Jeffrey Coggin May 2020

Self-Regulated Learning Instruction’S Relationships With Teacher Subject Area, Teacher Beliefs, And Teacher Efficacy, Jeffrey Coggin

Dissertations

Self-regulated learning (SRL) instruction develops essential competencies required in the classroom and the workplace (Johnson, 2002; Yan, 2017). SRL instruction helps learners develop the proficiency required for successful self-directed, life-long learning. Furthermore, SRL instruction produces the skills needed to plan, monitor, and achieve learning goals. However, SRL instructional techniques are difficult to implement in the classroom or workplace because educators must transfer learning responsibilities and outcomes to the learner. This study examined the relationships of teacher subject area, teacher beliefs, and teacher efficacy on the use of SRL instruction. The participants included PK-12 teachers from a public-school district in Alabama ...


Academic Digital Badges: Industry, Employment, And Prospects, Terry M. Mcgovern Mar 2020

Academic Digital Badges: Industry, Employment, And Prospects, Terry M. Mcgovern

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Digital badges are becoming more prevalent in the credentialing sector yet there is limited understanding of how the industry is developing or how digital badges influence the hiring process. This study employed an exploratory case method to make known the development of the badging industry. This dynamic new educational technology has a wide range of stakeholders working at establishing standards to ensure consistent and effective application across the badging ecosphere. To understand academic badging further, the researcher conducted a type of field experiment called a résumé audit study. In the late Spring of 2019, the investigator applied to 1,848 ...


Educación Para La Primera Infancia En Un Contexto De Desarrollo Humano Y Formación De Capital Social En Bogotá, Jonathan Andrés Bejarano Vásquez Aug 2019

Educación Para La Primera Infancia En Un Contexto De Desarrollo Humano Y Formación De Capital Social En Bogotá, Jonathan Andrés Bejarano Vásquez

Economía

Ante un entorno económico y social evidentemente desigual, inequitativo y con insuficientes oportunidades de movilidad social vertical ascendente, la educación para la primera infancia se presenta como una necesidad en el enfoque de la política pública. Para orientarse a la solución de dichas problemáticas sociales, es pertinente desde la perspectiva del presente trabajo crear capacidades en los individuos desde los primeros años de vida como un mecanismo de formación de capital social, desarrollo humano y justicia social. Desde una perspectiva teórica interdisciplinar se busca evaluar, por medio de indicadores de cobertura, calidad, inclusión y pertinencia, la estructura educativa producto de ...


The Role Of Secondary Education In Promoting Sustainable Development In The Caribbean And Latin America, Renee N. Richardson Rose May 2019

The Role Of Secondary Education In Promoting Sustainable Development In The Caribbean And Latin America, Renee N. Richardson Rose

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

This dissertation research completed a secondary data analysis of international education data collected for Latin American and Caribbean countries. This study utilized a quantitative methodological approach which established correlative, frequency and factor sparsity (Pareto) illustrations. This project sought to understand how secondary education contributes to sustainable development in Latin American and Caribbean (LAC) countries. The Global Education Monitoring Report 2017 analyzed educational outcomes of second and third world countries and became the basis of this research. However, for this secondary data analysis research project, the researcher only focused on data specific to LAC countries. The following key areas of inquiry ...


Gender Differential Effect Of Business Education Students’ Human Capital On Sustainable Economic Development, James E. Edokpolor Apr 2019

Gender Differential Effect Of Business Education Students’ Human Capital On Sustainable Economic Development, James E. Edokpolor

Journal of Educational Research and Practice

This research investigates the relationship between business education students’ human capital and core values of sustainable economic development from a gender perspective. This research specifically investigates four interrelated questions. First, do male and female business education students experience different types of general human capital? Second, do male and female business education students possess different types of specific human capital? Third, do differences in both male and female business education students’ general human capital have a differential effect on sustainable development of Nigerian economy? And finally, do differences in both male and female business education students’ specific human capital have a ...


Academic Success Indicators Associated With Immediate Postsecondary Enrollment, Alexandria C. Johns Feb 2019

Academic Success Indicators Associated With Immediate Postsecondary Enrollment, Alexandria C. Johns

Education Dissertations

The primary aim of this study was to examine the predictive relationship between human capital academic success indicators and student enrollment or non-enrollment in a postsecondary institution or program. For this study, the researcher analyzed academic records, demographic information, and National Student Clearinghouse (NSC) reports from two comprehensive high schools in one school district to address the research question. A direct logistic regression was used to examine the predictors that influenced the decision of high school graduates from the class of 2017 to enroll in a two-year college, technical college, four-year college, or non-enrollment immediately after graduation from high school ...


Understanding The Role Of Motivation In Professional Athletes, Michelle Gacio Harrolle, Melissa Klay Jan 2019

Understanding The Role Of Motivation In Professional Athletes, Michelle Gacio Harrolle, Melissa Klay

Journal of Applied Sport Management

Our study examines the overall motivation of professional athletes in an effort to assist sport organizations in understanding their most important asset, the players. The purpose of this qualitative study was to investigate the experiences and motivations of professional athletes within a team setting. Researchers conducted individual semi-structured interviews with 13 professional American football players. Seven themes were present within the data including a love of the game, selfmotivation, sense of community, professional development, engagement with fans, assist the league, and lack of financial support, which was identified as a deterrent to motivation. Teams should increase investment in the professional ...


The Effects Of Stem Education On Economic Growth, Mallory Croak Jun 2018

The Effects Of Stem Education On Economic Growth, Mallory Croak

Honors Theses

This thesis aims to build on existing studies of human capital and returns to education with a focus on innovation-fueling, STEM-based education, to answer: How does STEM education affect macroeconomic growth across different countries? A review of literature reveals that many studies account for human capital in growth equations, measured as average years of education. However, educational attainment as a measure of human capital leaves out the additional impact of research, technological know-how and innovation on growth. This thesis seeks to bridge some of the overlap between education and innovation as it affects productivity by focusing on education in STEM ...


Employability Skills And Trends In The Outdoor Power And Equipment Industry, Antoine J. Alston, Ryan Anderson, Chastity W. English, Dexter B. Wakefield May 2018

Employability Skills And Trends In The Outdoor Power And Equipment Industry, Antoine J. Alston, Ryan Anderson, Chastity W. English, Dexter B. Wakefield

Journal of Research in Technical Careers

The Power, Structural and Technical Systems (PST) Career Pathway is one of eight within the Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources Career Cluster; this pathway provides the curriculum that includes outdoor power equipment content. The perceived workforce readiness and skills needed in this pathway and related future trends were analyzed for entry-level jobs within the outdoor power equipment industry. The respondents expressed concern with being able to find qualified entry-level employees. Respondents indicated that the major skill categories of interpersonal skills, communication skills, computer skills, character skills, technical competency, and their corresponding subskills, were important for entry-level employment. The respondents indicated ...


China’S Overseas Investment Should Not Neglect Education, Alan Ruby, Asia Li Apr 2018

China’S Overseas Investment Should Not Neglect Education, Alan Ruby, Asia Li

GSE Faculty Research

History shows that the Belt and Road initiative will be successful only if it boosts human capital, as well as physical infrastructure, says Alan Ruby.


Stem And The Local Economy: Do Regions Reap The Benefits Of A Stem-Educated Workforce?, Fran Stewart Jan 2018

Stem And The Local Economy: Do Regions Reap The Benefits Of A Stem-Educated Workforce?, Fran Stewart

Employment Research Newsletter

No abstract provided.


Correlations Between Current And Expected Relocation Quality Of Workplace Factors, Edward Rachny Jan 2018

Correlations Between Current And Expected Relocation Quality Of Workplace Factors, Edward Rachny

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

High-quality hospitality education is important to bring to international locations because it is a foundation for business and tourism. An international network of hospitality schools (HS) has a problem of convincing faculty to relocate to international locations, which limits expansion efforts and the quality of faculty available at less desirable locales. The purpose of this correlation study was to investigate the relationship between varies workplace factors that faculty expect to be of the highest quality, allowing senior management to ensure relocations. The theoretical foundation that grounded this study was Authors' expectancy theory, which stipulates that what people expect to occur ...


Accounting For Institutional Variation In Expected Returns To Higher Education, Shawn F. Dorius, David A. Tandberg, Bridgette Cram Oct 2017

Accounting For Institutional Variation In Expected Returns To Higher Education, Shawn F. Dorius, David A. Tandberg, Bridgette Cram

Sociology Publications

This study leverages human capital theory to identify the correlates of expected returns on investment in higher education at the level of institutions. We leverage estimates of average ROI in post-secondary education among more than 400 baccalaureate degree conferring colleges and universities to understand the correlates of a relatively new metric of institutional ROI. Results indicate that a diverse undergraduate student body, high graduation rate, and public university status are strong, positive, and robustly associated with institutional ROI. The model accounts for more than 70% of inter-university variation in ROI, suggesting that the factors we have identified are among the ...


The College-Transition Experience: The Role Of High School Teachers, Dawn M. Lewis Oct 2017

The College-Transition Experience: The Role Of High School Teachers, Dawn M. Lewis

CUP Ed.D. Dissertations

Given the high remediation rate in math, reading, and writing of high school seniors who matriculate to college campuses in the United States, educational leaders have explored ways to address and decrease the need for remedial courses at the postsecondary level. Many K-20 leaders have developed programs and courses to bridge the gap between secondary and postsecondary education, but high remediation rates continue to exist. The purpose of this quantitative study was to explore the role of high school teacher college knowledge in the college-transition process. The survey measured responses using a five-point Likert scale and was administered electronically to ...


The Stem Dilemma: Skills That Matter To Regions, Fran Stewart Jan 2017

The Stem Dilemma: Skills That Matter To Regions, Fran Stewart

Upjohn Press

Fran Stewart dives into the murky waters where education and economic goals meet to confront several key issues facing policymakers and educators, including the role of public investment in human capital, the types of human capital investment that provide the greatest public return, and whether those investments should vary by region.

She shows that not all high-paying jobs require STEM skills; that not all good-paying, highly skilled STEM jobs require college degrees; and that "soft skills" are important for STEM as well as other high-paying jobs.


An Empirical Study Of Earnings Of Immigrants And Native-Born Americans In The U.S. Labor Market Given Different Levels Of Educational Attainment, Yuli P. Gomez Bravo Dec 2016

An Empirical Study Of Earnings Of Immigrants And Native-Born Americans In The U.S. Labor Market Given Different Levels Of Educational Attainment, Yuli P. Gomez Bravo

Applied Economics Theses

This paper will compare the Lifetime wage earnings of immigrants and native-born citizens in the U.S. for the years 2000-2010 according to educational attainment using cross-sectional data. The data obtained through IPUMS-CPS Integrated Public Use of Microdata Series, University of Minnesota. The findings of investment in Human Capital of Mincer (1958), the Immigrants earnings distribution of Chiswick and Miller (2006), the Pareto’s law of income distribution, and the immigrants investment in human capital model by Duleep and Regets (1999) are the theoretical basis in which this study will be ruled. The empirical evidence suggests that immigrants who invest ...


Bullying And Human Capital Accumulation: Evidence From The National Longitudinal Survey Of Youth, 1997, Jessica Lum May 2016

Bullying And Human Capital Accumulation: Evidence From The National Longitudinal Survey Of Youth, 1997, Jessica Lum

Theses and Dissertations

Data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, 1997 (NLSY97) is used to study the effect of bullying on human capital accumulation. Findings suggest that adolescent bullying has a significant and negative impact on the highest educational level attained, as well as income earned as an adult.


Winthrop, Fount Of Knowledge: On University-Industry Knowledge Partnerships, Antje Mays Feb 2016

Winthrop, Fount Of Knowledge: On University-Industry Knowledge Partnerships, Antje Mays

Antje Mays

Rock Hill and York County economic development and revitalization vision includes raising local area skill sets to shift the economy toward tech and other professional areas, and interesting college graduates in staying in the area. This presentation will bring together employment research, evolving skill needs in growing industries in the local area’s economy, and education and training strategies in university settings.

Employers and educators alike widely converge on the need for industry-specific knowledge, technical competencies, academic foundations, analysis and synthesis, and a variety of soft skills including a spirit of inquiry, work ethic, communication and collaborative skills, and integrity ...


Personal Growth, Social Change Or Human Capital: A Document Analysis Of An Online Education Program For Adult Learners, Nakita Dolet, Maeghen L. Macdonald Jan 2016

Personal Growth, Social Change Or Human Capital: A Document Analysis Of An Online Education Program For Adult Learners, Nakita Dolet, Maeghen L. Macdonald

Adult Education Research Conference

This document analysis interrogates how one institution balances classically competing objectives of emancipatory learning, personal growth, and human resource development in an online adult education program.


The Production And Stock Of College Graduates For U.S. States, John V. Winters Dec 2015

The Production And Stock Of College Graduates For U.S. States, John V. Winters

Upjohn Institute Working Papers

The stock of human capital in an area is important for regional economic growth and development. However, highly educated workers are often quite mobile, and there is a concern that public investments in college graduates may not benefit the state if the college graduates leave the state after finishing their education. This paper examines the relationship between the production of college graduates from a state and the stock of college graduates residing in the state using microdata from the decennial census and American Community Survey. The relationship is examined across states and across cohorts within states. The descriptive analysis suggests ...


Impact Of International Remittances On Schooling In The Philippines: Does The Relationship To The Household Head Matter?, Tomoki Fujii Sep 2015

Impact Of International Remittances On Schooling In The Philippines: Does The Relationship To The Household Head Matter?, Tomoki Fujii

Research Collection School Of Economics

We study the impact of international remittances on schooling in the Philippines, taking into account the school-age individual's relationship to the household head. This consideration is important because employment opportunities abroad may be taken at the expense of the quality of child rearing. Our estimation results indicate that there are, indeed, significant negative guardian effects on school attendance and education expenditures when children with overseas parents are looked after by a relative other than a parent or grandparent. However, these negative effects tend to be outweighed by the positive impact of remittance flows from overseas.


Literacy Work In The Reign Of Human Capital [Table Of Contents], Evan Watkins Jul 2015

Literacy Work In The Reign Of Human Capital [Table Of Contents], Evan Watkins

Education

In recent years, a number of books in the field of literacy research have addressed the experiences of literacy users or the multiple processes of learning literacy skills in a rapidly changing technological environment. In contrast to these studies, this book addresses the subjects of literacy. In other words, it is about how literacy workers are subjected to the relations between new forms of labor and the concept of human capital as a dominant economic structure in the United States. It is about how literacies become forms of value producing labor in everyday life both within and beyond the workplace ...


Dislocated Worker Human Capital Depreciation And Recovery, Kevin Hollenbeck Jan 2015

Dislocated Worker Human Capital Depreciation And Recovery, Kevin Hollenbeck

Kevin Hollenbeck

Previous studies have estimated the "human capital depreciation" of women re-entering the work force after voluntary, lengthy interruptions. Those studies have found reduced real wages and furthermore the decrease is positively related to the length of the interruption. Upon re-entry, however, real wages grow rapidly as human capital is restored. This paper develops a model of the wage histories of dislocated workers. Similar to labor force re-entrants, those dislocated workers who become re-employed would experience wages below their final wage prior to dislocation and the decrease should be associated with the length of dislocation. However, the model suggests that since ...