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2019

Public Health

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Full-Text Articles in Education

‘A Healthy Cit’: An Investigation Into Student Health Metrics, Lifestyle Behaviours And The Predictors Of Positive Mental Health In An Irish Higher Education Setting, Andrea Bickerdike, Joan Dineen, Cian O'Neill Nov 2019

‘A Healthy Cit’: An Investigation Into Student Health Metrics, Lifestyle Behaviours And The Predictors Of Positive Mental Health In An Irish Higher Education Setting, Andrea Bickerdike, Joan Dineen, Cian O'Neill

Publications

Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) are potent health promotion settings, uniquely positioned to aid societal efforts to combat non-communicable diseases (NCDs). International evidence suggests that health metrics and lifestyle behaviours of higher education students are sub-optimal, yet a dearth of contemporary Irish data exists. This study aimed to examine sex differences in student lifestyle behaviours and identify significant predictors of positive mental health in an Irish HEI setting. An online questionnaire instrument distributed to all registered students (n = 11,261) gathered data regarding a multitude of health and lifestyle domains. Many items were adapted from previous Irish research. Further validated scales …


The Impact Of Socioeconomic Factors On Food Insecurity Among Syrian Refugees In Florida, Racha Sankar Nov 2019

The Impact Of Socioeconomic Factors On Food Insecurity Among Syrian Refugees In Florida, Racha Sankar

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Syrian refugees settled in the United States may experience food insecurity due to different socioeconomic factors that may include nutrition knowledge, language proficiency, women’s education, and perceived stress. The structure and the type of households may also contribute to food insecurity in this population.

The objective of this study was to measure food security among Syrian refugees residing in Florida. It also aimed to determine the socioeconomic factors that may attribute to food insecurity at household level.

A comprehensive 228-item questionnaire was administered to N=80 households (n=43 in rural areas, n=37 in urban areas). Families with and without children were …


Addressing Challenges To The Reliable, Large-Scale Implementation Of Effective School Health Education, Michael J. Mann, David K. Lohrmann Nov 2019

Addressing Challenges To The Reliable, Large-Scale Implementation Of Effective School Health Education, Michael J. Mann, David K. Lohrmann

Public Health and Population Science Faculty Publications and Presentations

The long-held priority of teaching young people the knowledge and skills needed for healthy living has recently been diminished in many preK-12 schools. Driven by federal and state priorities, laws, and policies associated with high-stakes testing, instruction in untested subjects has been reduced or eliminated in most schools in order to devote more attention to tested subjects, like reading, math, writing, and science. This article proposes a pathway to ensure that all children are able to learn what society knows about health. To that end, four challenges to the reliable, large-scale implementation of effective school health education are identified: (1) …


Health And Education: Perspectives On The Role Of Schools In Health Promotion, Miranda Powell Oct 2019

Health And Education: Perspectives On The Role Of Schools In Health Promotion, Miranda Powell

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

The purpose of this study was to understand learners’ perceptions of the role schools play in health promotion. Health promotion encompasses health education and can be highly effective in the school setting. Given the high rates of HIV/AIDS, teen pregnancy, early sexual debut, and abuse, health education is highly important in South African schools. All learners are required to take Life Orientation classes, which cover many topics including health education. Comparing the views of what learners expect, experience, and the curriculum, my study addressed the gaps in Life Orientation classes with regards to health promotion education.

For this study I …


Effects Of Acute Physical Activity On Nih Toolbox-Measured Cognitive Functions Among Children In Authentic Education Settings, H. G. Calvert, J. M. Barcelona, D. Melville, L. Turner Oct 2019

Effects Of Acute Physical Activity On Nih Toolbox-Measured Cognitive Functions Among Children In Authentic Education Settings, H. G. Calvert, J. M. Barcelona, D. Melville, L. Turner

University Author Recognition Bibliography: 2019

Introduction: Identifying a dose of physical activity (PA) that can improve cognitive function in children has important implications for school-day PA recommendations. Researchers and educators have interest in this link as it relates to both health and academic performance. This study examined the dose-response relationship between PA and improvement in cognition in a sample of fifth and sixth grade students.

Methods: Participants (n = 156) from eight classes each completed two of four different cognitive assessments on an iPad, both before and after exposure to one of four randomized, 10-min PA conditions (sedentary, light, moderate, and vigorous). Conditions …


Intersections Between Health And Disability: A Case Study At Disha Centre, Jaipur, Rajasthan, Finnian Brokaw Oct 2019

Intersections Between Health And Disability: A Case Study At Disha Centre, Jaipur, Rajasthan, Finnian Brokaw

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

This study investigated intersections between health and disability by asking the question: how do community perceptions of disability at Disha: A Resource Centre for the Disabled in Jaipur, India relate to health and quality of life for a person with multiple disabilities? This study utilized a case study methodology. The researcher took qualitative interviews from six respondents in the immediate educational and familial support network of a 27-year-old man with multiple disabilities. An interview based, qualitative methodology was important for investigating the complexity of perceptions of multiple disabilities and health as intersecting identities. The responses were analyzed and reflected upon …


An Exploration Of Supports For Increasing Classroom Physical Activity Within Elementary Schools, Hannah G. Calvert, Julianne A. Wenner, Lindsey Turner Sep 2019

An Exploration Of Supports For Increasing Classroom Physical Activity Within Elementary Schools, Hannah G. Calvert, Julianne A. Wenner, Lindsey Turner

Curriculum, Instruction, and Foundational Studies Faculty Publications and Presentations

Classroom-based physical activity (CBPA) can significantly benefit students’ health and educational outcomes, but many teachers do not utilize CBPA. This study examined teachers’ perceptions about the value and impact of several approaches to support CBPA implementation, and teachers’ weekly self-reported CBPA use. Interviews were conducted with 35 classroom teachers (including those using and not using CBPA) at two public elementary schools, and CBPA tracking logs were collected on a weekly basis. Interview transcripts were interpreted through key domains within implementation science. On average, teachers reported using one activity every other day. Interview data revealed that utilizing professional collaboration time for …


The Effects Of Fall Health Belief And Knowledge Of Fall On The Prevention Of Fall In The Elderly: Mediating And Moderating Effects Of Fall Fear, Insun Jang, Seungmi Park, Phoebe (Yeon) S. Kim Aug 2019

The Effects Of Fall Health Belief And Knowledge Of Fall On The Prevention Of Fall In The Elderly: Mediating And Moderating Effects Of Fall Fear, Insun Jang, Seungmi Park, Phoebe (Yeon) S. Kim

Nursing Faculty Publications

Purpose: This descriptive study investigated the mediating and moderating effects of fear of fall on the relationships between health belief on fall, fall-related knowledge and fall prevention behaviors among older adults Methods: We enrolled 229 older adults residing in a senior citizen hall and community welfare center, and investigated their health belief on fall, fall-related knowledge, fall prevention behavior, and fear of fall. Descriptive statistics, ANOVA and t-test were used to analyze differences in variables. Pearson correlation and multiple regression were used to investigate mediating and moderating effects of the fear of fall on the relationships between health belief on …


Photo Elicitation Study 2018-2019, Lisa Armstrong, Kaela Edwards, Violetta Feshchenko, Kimberly Kullmann, Alexandre Martinez, Rebecca Mercier, Nicole Murray, Pamela Myers, Priyanka Prasad, Victoria Ramos, Nicholas Salter, Madalene Zale, Amy Henderson Riley, Drph, Rosemary Frasso, Phd, Adrea Cope, Nataki Duncan, Rachel Ewalt, Catherine Freeland, Nichole Holmes, Laura Slifer, April Smith, Sabina Spigner, Simal Thind, Eliza Whiteman Kinsey, Phd Jul 2019

Photo Elicitation Study 2018-2019, Lisa Armstrong, Kaela Edwards, Violetta Feshchenko, Kimberly Kullmann, Alexandre Martinez, Rebecca Mercier, Nicole Murray, Pamela Myers, Priyanka Prasad, Victoria Ramos, Nicholas Salter, Madalene Zale, Amy Henderson Riley, Drph, Rosemary Frasso, Phd, Adrea Cope, Nataki Duncan, Rachel Ewalt, Catherine Freeland, Nichole Holmes, Laura Slifer, April Smith, Sabina Spigner, Simal Thind, Eliza Whiteman Kinsey, Phd

JCPH at APHA 2019

Photographer and researcher John Collier first named photo elicitation in a paper published in 1957. Photo elicitation involves a qualitative interview stimulated and guided by participant photographs. This method can help break down barriers between researchers and participants and can promote rich and collaborative discussions (Harper, 1994).

Student Perspectives on Work-Life Balance: A Photo Elicitation Study

Each student in Qualitative Research Methods (PBH 512, Summer 2018) recruited a study participant (n=12) from across the colleges of Thomas Jefferson University. Students trained participants in the appropriate and ethical use of this method. Study participants were asked to define and explore the …


Juul Like It?, Kim Petit May 2019

Juul Like It?, Kim Petit

Senior Honors Projects

Juul is the most prominent producer of e-cigarettes, devices that vaporize nicotine for inhalation. These devices were developed to deliver nicotine in a tobacco-free vapor as a safer alternative to traditional cigarettes. The Juul, in particular among other e-cigarettes, delivers a much higher concentration of dissolved nicotine than a standard cigarette. Although many smokers use Juuls as a method of quitting cigarettes, the overwhelming majority of Juul users are 15-21 years old and have never before used cigarettes, but now have unknowingly become heavily addicted to the nicotine contents. Research has found that 63% of Juul users do not know …


Integrative Approaches To The Undergraduate Public Health Major Curriculum: Strengths, Challenges, And Examples, Marc T. Kiviniemi, Sarahmona M. Przybyla Apr 2019

Integrative Approaches To The Undergraduate Public Health Major Curriculum: Strengths, Challenges, And Examples, Marc T. Kiviniemi, Sarahmona M. Przybyla

Health, Behavior & Society Faculty Publications

Many “first generation” undergraduate public health degree programs were designed based on “siloed” course structures centered around subunits in the discipline (e.g., Introduction to Epidemiology, Introduction to Environmental Health) that may be meaningful primarily to experts in the field. An alternative to the siloed approach is an integrative curricular design, in which courses are designed around meaningful thematic units (e.g., explaining public health problems, asking and answering scientific questions in public health), with an emphasis on drawing connections between knowledge from different but complementary disciplinary areas as a means to improve student learning and retention. The integrative approach shifts the …


Education And Cognitive Decline: An Integrative Analysis Of Global Longitudinal Studies Of Cognitive Aging, Sean A. P. Clouston, Dylan M. Smith, Soumyadeep Mukherjee, Yun Zhang, Wei Hou, Bruce G. Link, Marcus Richards Apr 2019

Education And Cognitive Decline: An Integrative Analysis Of Global Longitudinal Studies Of Cognitive Aging, Sean A. P. Clouston, Dylan M. Smith, Soumyadeep Mukherjee, Yun Zhang, Wei Hou, Bruce G. Link, Marcus Richards

Faculty Publications

The objective of this study was to examine the association between education and incidence of accelerated cognitive decline.


Food Insecurity Among College Students, Alison Hige Apr 2019

Food Insecurity Among College Students, Alison Hige

Honors Projects

Increasing collegiate education costs results in students today facing greater financial stress. As a result, students have to make difficult choices of how to allocate their monetary resources. Sometimes, students prioritize educational costs over nutrition and health necessities, impacting an individual’s ability to obtain adequate food resources. The purpose of this project was to explore the prevalence and impact of food insecurity among college students. The project included conducting a literature review yielding 26 pertinent articles from the keywords “food insecurity” and “college students.” Food insecurity affects a student’s physical and mental health, along with negatively impacting their scholastic abilities. …


Healthy Hedgehogs After School Program, Sophie Johnson Apr 2019

Healthy Hedgehogs After School Program, Sophie Johnson

Honors Expanded Learning Clubs

No abstract provided.


Shu Mph News, Vol. 1, Spring 2019, Sacred Heart University Apr 2019

Shu Mph News, Vol. 1, Spring 2019, Sacred Heart University

News, Magazines and Reports

Updates from the Sacred Heart University Masters in Public Health Program.


When Crayons Meet Tibetan Living Room Walls: Early Childhood In Exile, Emma Hart Apr 2019

When Crayons Meet Tibetan Living Room Walls: Early Childhood In Exile, Emma Hart

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

This study aims to understand early childhood caregiving among Tibetan refugees living in Nepal. Due to the brain’s enormous developmental plasticity from ages zero to three, children’s experiences during this period are extremely important to explaining their future learnings in school, interactions with people, and engagements with their surroundings. Through interviews and observations, Tibetan parents shared their conceptions of early childhood, parent-child interaction norms, dreams for their children, and how their status as refugees in Nepal affects these. Research was conducted in two Pokhara district Tibetan settlements and one settlement in Mustang. Connected by the flow of children and adults …


A Qualitative Study On Parental And Community Stakeholder Views Of The Link Between Full-Day Kindergarten And Health In Southern Nevada, Courtney Coughenour, Jennifer Pharr, Maxim Gakh Jd, Mph, Sheila Clark, Prescott Cheong Feb 2019

A Qualitative Study On Parental And Community Stakeholder Views Of The Link Between Full-Day Kindergarten And Health In Southern Nevada, Courtney Coughenour, Jennifer Pharr, Maxim Gakh Jd, Mph, Sheila Clark, Prescott Cheong

Public Health Faculty Publications

Studies show that children who attend full-day kindergarten (FDK) experience both academic and developmental benefits compared to children who attend half-day programs. Sectors outside of health, such as education, can have important intended and unintended impacts on health. The purpose of this qualitative study was to understand perceptions of parental and other stakeholders in Southern Nevada (USA) about the education–health link, and to understand priorities regarding how FDK access could affect health. Two 90-minute focus groups were conducted with 14 adult stakeholder participants representing parents, current and former teachers, and community members. Transcripts were analyzed using conventional content analysis. Eight …


A Qualitative Evaluation Of The Interprofessional Student Hotspotting Learning Collaborative: Perceptions Of Student And Faculty Advisor Participants, Ashley Traczuk, Bsn, Rn, Angela Gerolamo, Phd, Rn, Elena Umland, Pharmd Feb 2019

A Qualitative Evaluation Of The Interprofessional Student Hotspotting Learning Collaborative: Perceptions Of Student And Faculty Advisor Participants, Ashley Traczuk, Bsn, Rn, Angela Gerolamo, Phd, Rn, Elena Umland, Pharmd

Phase 1

Introduction: Student participation in interprofessional education has proven beneficial in regards to students’ understanding of professional roles, team situational awareness1,and appreciating the need for collaboration2. The interprofessional student hotspotting learning collaborative enables students to work in teams to help serve patients categorized as health-system “super-users”, defined as those who overuse inpatient and/or emergency hospital services, over a period of six months’ time. This model will allow students to have real patient encounters and to begin utilizing their own roles within interdisciplinary teams.

Objective: This study aims to evaluate the impact of the interprofessional student hotspotting learning …


The Impact Of Student Hotspotting On Patients & The Jefferson Health System, Mishael Khan, Bs, Lauren Collins, Md, Shoshana Sicks, Edm, Richard Hass, Phd, Tracey Vause Earland, Phd, Otr/L, Courtney Newsome, Ba, Sara Cohen, Ots Feb 2019

The Impact Of Student Hotspotting On Patients & The Jefferson Health System, Mishael Khan, Bs, Lauren Collins, Md, Shoshana Sicks, Edm, Richard Hass, Phd, Tracey Vause Earland, Phd, Otr/L, Courtney Newsome, Ba, Sara Cohen, Ots

Phase 1

Introduction

“Super-utilizers”, patients with five or more hospital admissions in the past year, account for half of all healthcare expenditures and present a significant financial burden to our healthcare system. In Pennsylvania “super-utilizers” result in $1.25 billion of healthcare spending and Philadelphia has the highest number of “super-utilizers” in the state. To address this crisis, Jefferson University serves as one of four new national hubs for student hotspotting. Teams of interprofessional health professions students along with faculty and staff advisors enroll “super-utilizers” and provide targeted interventions to address social determinants of health, reduce hospitalizations and improve patient outcomes.

Methods

To …


Developing Kinesthetic Classrooms To Promote Active Learning, Brian Culp Feb 2019

Developing Kinesthetic Classrooms To Promote Active Learning, Brian Culp

Faculty and Research Publications

The use of kinesthetic movement in the classroom toward improving health and educational outcomes among youth has been a topic of discourse in recent years. School initiatives that have infused movement as part of the curriculum have shown to increase efficiency in learning, while decreasing stress and contributing to a positive classroom climate. One question that is worthy of exploration pertains to how future professionals in the fields of physical education and health can promote kinesthetic movement in schools and communities. This article discusses how a university kinesthetic classroom prepares future professionals to be advocates for school health using active …


Contemporary Issues In North-South Health Research Partnerships: Perspectives Of Health Research Stakeholders In Zambia, Tulani Francis L. Matenga, Joseph Mumba Zulu, J. Hope Corbin Phd, Oliver Mweemba Jan 2019

Contemporary Issues In North-South Health Research Partnerships: Perspectives Of Health Research Stakeholders In Zambia, Tulani Francis L. Matenga, Joseph Mumba Zulu, J. Hope Corbin Phd, Oliver Mweemba

Human Services

Background: The late 1990s and early 2000s have seen a growth in north-south health research partnerships resulting from scientific developments such as those in genetic studies and development of statistical techniques and technological requirements for the analysis of large datasets. Despite these efforts, there is inadequate information representing the voice of African researchers as stakeholders experiencing partnership arrangements, particularly in Zambia. Furthermore, very little attention has been paid to capturing the practice of guidelines within partnerships. In this paper, we present achievements and highlight challenges faced by southern partners in north-south health research partnerships.

Methods: A qualitative inquiry was employed …


News From The Graduate School - Allied Health, Otterbein Office Of Graduate Programs Jan 2019

News From The Graduate School - Allied Health, Otterbein Office Of Graduate Programs

Graduate School

Newsletter that provides updates from the Graduate School and the Allied Health Graduate Program.


Dysmenorrhea Among High-School Students And It's Associated Factors In Kuwait, Sharefah Al-Matouq, Hessah Al-Mutairi, Ohood Al-Mutairi, Fatima Abdulaziz, Dana Al-Basri, Mona Al-Enzi, Abdullah Al-Taiar Jan 2019

Dysmenorrhea Among High-School Students And It's Associated Factors In Kuwait, Sharefah Al-Matouq, Hessah Al-Mutairi, Ohood Al-Mutairi, Fatima Abdulaziz, Dana Al-Basri, Mona Al-Enzi, Abdullah Al-Taiar

Community & Environmental Health Faculty Publications

Background

Although dysmenorrhea is not a life-threatening condition, it can cause a substantial burden on individuals and communities. There is no data on the prevalence of dysmenorrhea in Kuwait. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of dysmenorrhea among female public high-school students in Kuwait and investigate factors associated with dysmenorrhea.

Methods

A cross-sectional study using multistage cluster sampling with probability proportional to size method was conducted on 763 twelfth grade female public high-school students (aged 16–21 years). We used face-to-face interview with a structured questionnaire to collect data on dysmenorrhea and presumed risk factors. Weight and height of the …


Does Education Improve Health In Low- And Middle Income Countries? Results From A Systematic Review, Stephanie Psaki, Barbara Mensch, Erica Chuang, Andrea J. Melnikas Jan 2019

Does Education Improve Health In Low- And Middle Income Countries? Results From A Systematic Review, Stephanie Psaki, Barbara Mensch, Erica Chuang, Andrea J. Melnikas

Poverty, Gender, and Youth

Despite enormous progress in expanding school enrollment globally, improvements in health have not always followed, raising important questions: Does education, in fact, enable women, men and their families to be healthier? And if so, how? To fill this gap in knowledge, the GIRL Center conducted a systematic review of the evidence for the effects of education on health in low- and middle-income countries.


Ua66/1/1 Ogden College Of Science & Engineering Dean's Office Publications, Wku Archives Jan 2019

Ua66/1/1 Ogden College Of Science & Engineering Dean's Office Publications, Wku Archives

WKU Archives Collection Inventories

Publications created by the office of the Dean of Ogden College of Science & Engineering.


Ua66/4 Ogden College Of Science & Engineering Allied Health, Wku Archives Jan 2019

Ua66/4 Ogden College Of Science & Engineering Allied Health, Wku Archives

WKU Archives Collection Inventories

Records created by and about the Department of Allied Health.

Files are organized into the following subseries:

  1. Administration
  2. Publications


Ua66/13/1 Ogden College Of Science & Engineering Public Health Administration, Wku Archives Jan 2019

Ua66/13/1 Ogden College Of Science & Engineering Public Health Administration, Wku Archives

WKU Archives Collection Inventories

Administrative records created by Public Health.


Ua66/13/2 Ogden College Of Science & Engineering Public Health Centers, Wku Archives Jan 2019

Ua66/13/2 Ogden College Of Science & Engineering Public Health Centers, Wku Archives

WKU Archives Collection Inventories

Records related to Public Health Centers.


Ua66/13/3 Ogden College Of Science & Engineering Public Health Publications, Wku Archives Jan 2019

Ua66/13/3 Ogden College Of Science & Engineering Public Health Publications, Wku Archives

WKU Archives Collection Inventories

Publications by and about the Department of Public Health, previously known as Health & Safety.


Ua66/13/4 Ogden College Of Science & Engineering Public Health Allied Organizations, Wku Archives Jan 2019

Ua66/13/4 Ogden College Of Science & Engineering Public Health Allied Organizations, Wku Archives

WKU Archives Collection Inventories

Records related to Public Health allied organizations.