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 USF Tampa Graduate Theses and Dissertations (2)
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Articles 1  17 of 17
FullText Articles in Education
The Influence Of Types Of Homework On Opportunity To Learn And Students' Mathematics Achievement: Examples From The University Of Chicago School Mathematics Project, Yiting Yu
USF Tampa Graduate Theses and Dissertations
ABSTRACT
Public views on assigning students mathematics homework have been controversial. Although homework is designed for students to complete during nonschool hours (Cooper, 1989), many see homework as excessive pressure on students. Most research placed their focus on the influence of the time spent on homework or the amount of homework on student achievement. Few studies have addressed the impact of types of mathematics homework. The purpose of this study is to examine the role of homework types in influencing opportunity to learn (OTL) on student achievement.
This quantitative study used subsets of a large existing dataset collected by University …
The Importance Of Fractional Thinking As A Bridge To Algebraic Reasoning, Catherine Pearn, Max Stephens
The Importance Of Fractional Thinking As A Bridge To Algebraic Reasoning, Catherine Pearn, Max Stephens
Catherine Pearn
This presentation will discuss how Year 6 primary school students create algebraic meaning and syntax through their solutions of standard fraction problems. Sample solutions will show how students use best available symbols to move beyond arithmetic calculation and to create innovative chains of algebraic reasoning. Several efficient and successful multiplicative methods are used to achieve this goal—in contrast to less efficient methods, usually additive, which may work only with simple fractions. Teachers need to recognise the underlying algebraic meaning emerging from students solutions and help all students use more efficient strategies and build their own bridges to algebra.
MatRixToe: Improving Writing Through A GameBased Project In Linear Algebra, Adam GrahamSquire, Elin Farnell, Julianna Stockton
MatRixToe: Improving Writing Through A GameBased Project In Linear Algebra, Adam GrahamSquire, Elin Farnell, Julianna Stockton
Elin R Farnell
The MatRixToe project utilizes a matrixbased game to deepen students’ understanding of linear algebra concepts and strengthen students’ ability to express themselves mathematically. The project was administered in three classes using slightly different approaches, each of which included some editing component to encourage the improvement of the students’ mathematical thinking and writing. Differences in the implementation of the project illustrate the benefits and drawbacks of various methods of editing in the mathematics classroom and highlight recommendations for improvements in future implementations of the project.
Algebra 1 Students’ Ability To Relate The Definition Of A Function To Its Representations, Sarah A. Thomson
Algebra 1 Students’ Ability To Relate The Definition Of A Function To Its Representations, Sarah A. Thomson
Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations
One hundred high school Algebra students from a southern California school participated in this study to provide information on students’ ability to relate the definition of function to its representations. The goals of the study were (1) to explore the extent to which students are able to distinguish between representations of functions/nonfunctions; (2) to compare students’ ability to distinguish between familiar/unfamiliar representations of functions/nonfunctions; (3) to explore the extent to which students are able to apply the definition of function to verify function representations; and (4) to explore the extent to which students are able to provide an adequate definition …
The Skatepark Mathematics Extravaganza, William H. Robertson
The Skatepark Mathematics Extravaganza, William H. Robertson
William H. Robertson
Exploring Similarities Between Instruction In Grade 7 Ela And Mathematics Classrooms, And The Possible Benefits Of Interdisciplinary Instructional Comprehension Strategies, Danielle Caron
Honors Program Theses and Projects
This study took place in an English language arts (ELA) and mathematics classrooms at a suburban junior high school in southeastern Massachusetts. Surveys indicated that mathematical problems elicit nervousness more often than reading assignments do, and mathematical vocabulary is harder for students to understand than vocabulary of other subject. This research focused on integrating reading comprehensionstrategies of vocabulary integration, graphic organizers, and visual aids within a mathematics curriculum to combat student apprehension. The purpose of this study was to provide evidencebased, interdisciplinary mathematics and ELA lesson plans in alignment with Common Core Standards to a seventh grade algebra class. Preassessment …
Examining Implementations Of Blended Learning In A K12 Mathematics Classroom, Kelsey Waynick
Examining Implementations Of Blended Learning In A K12 Mathematics Classroom, Kelsey Waynick
Honors Projects
In this research project, I investigated the effects on eighth grade students’ performances and perceptions throughout a blended learning experience by implementing a combination of facetoface and online instructional strategies in an Algebra classroom. This blended experience was segmented into two units – a facetoface unit and a blended unit – to allow for comparison within the participant group of highachieving mathematics students. Edmodo, an online educational platform, was utilized to provide students with access to online resources at home during the blended unit. Students completed a series of three identical tests to quantitatively measure learning growth at designated checkpoints …
Teaching Algebra: A Comparison Of Scottish And American Perspectives, Brittany Munro
Teaching Algebra: A Comparison Of Scottish And American Perspectives, Brittany Munro
Undergraduate Honors Theses
A variety of factors influence what teaching strategies an educator uses. I analyze survey responses from algebra teachers in Scotland and Appalachia America to discover how a teacher's perception of these factors, particularly their view of mathematics itself, determines the pedagogical strategies employed in the classroom.
Relationships Between The Algebraic Performance Of Students In SubjectSpecific And Integrated Course Pathways, Derrick Saddler
Relationships Between The Algebraic Performance Of Students In SubjectSpecific And Integrated Course Pathways, Derrick Saddler
USF Tampa Graduate Theses and Dissertations
The purpose of this study was to compare the algebraic performance gains of high school students who enroll in an integrated mathematics course pathway (i.e., Integrated Mathematics IIIIII) to the algebraic performance gains of high school students who enroll in a subjectspecific course pathway (i.e., Algebra IGeometryAlgebra II). Several studies have been performed in which researchers examined relationships between mathematics outcomes and the coursetaking patterns of high school students enrolled in subjectspecific course pathways. However, there is little extant research in which researchers have investigated effects of content organization on students' learning and achievement. Therefore, this study addresses calls for …
Faculty Viewpoints On Teaching Quantway®, Heather Howington, Thomas Hartfield, Cinnamon Hillyard
Faculty Viewpoints On Teaching Quantway®, Heather Howington, Thomas Hartfield, Cinnamon Hillyard
Numeracy
Quantway is a quantitative reasoningbased pathway for developmental math that has been developed as an alternative to the traditional remedial algebra sequence. To explore the experiences of faculty involved with Quantway, we interviewed eight individuals who have taught the course in the past year to survey their attitudes and opinions about students in their classes, the materials and pedagogies in use, and the collegial interaction of networked faculty. Faculty were selected with the intention of gathering a broad set of opinions resulting from differences of location, experience, and other factors. In this paper, we summarize those interviews by identifying common …
Success After Failure: An Examination Of Credit Recovery Options And Their Effect On College And CareerReadiness, Kathryn B. Johnson
Success After Failure: An Examination Of Credit Recovery Options And Their Effect On College And CareerReadiness, Kathryn B. Johnson
Theses and DissertationsScience, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) Education
More than ever before, educators and researchers are keeping a keen eye on student college and careerreadiness. The widely adopted Common Core State Standards were written with the explicit goal of helping students to be college or careerready by the time they graduate from high school. However, many students experience setbacks, such as course failure, within their educational career placing them at risk for not reaching this goal. Because the ACT can predict student success in college, states often use benchmark scores from the exam to measure student college and careerreadiness. A student who fails to learn fundamental concepts in …
The Influences Of Mathematics SelfEfficacy, Identity, Interest, And Parental Involvement On Stem Achievement In Algebra For Female High School Students, Nicol R. Howard
The Influences Of Mathematics SelfEfficacy, Identity, Interest, And Parental Involvement On Stem Achievement In Algebra For Female High School Students, Nicol R. Howard
Educational Studies Dissertations
The purpose of this study was to determine the predictability of STEM achievement in Algebra for female high school students utilizing mathematics selfefficacy, mathematics interest, mathematics identity, and parental involvement. This study employed data from the High School Longitudinal Study of 2009 (HSLS:09/12) which consisted of 3,938 female eleventhgrade participants randomly selected from 944 public and private high schools during the fall 2009 academic year. The results of a hierarchical multiple regression indicated that mathematics identity was the strongest predictor of STEM achievement for female high school students, regardless of race. In spite of this significant relationship, STEM achievement outcomes …
The Effects Of A Varied Method Of Instruction On Student Achievement, Transfer, Situational Interest, And Course Retention Rates In Community College Developmental Mathematics, Kevin L. Mccandless
The Effects Of A Varied Method Of Instruction On Student Achievement, Transfer, Situational Interest, And Course Retention Rates In Community College Developmental Mathematics, Kevin L. Mccandless
Doctoral Dissertations
The purpose of this quasiexperimental study was to compare the effects of a varied method of instruction on student achievement, knowledge transfer, situational interest, and course retention rates, relative to a nonvaried method of instruction, in community college developmental mathematics. The varied method of instruction consisted of active learning teaching practices with foundations in social constructivism, whereas the nonvaried method of instruction was founded in Cognitive Load Theory and consisted primarily of explicit instruction and individual practice.
An initial sample of 139 students who enrolled in six sections of Beginning Algebra at an urban community college in Northern California participated …
The Importance Of A Strong Mathematical Foundation, Jasmine M. Wriston
The Importance Of A Strong Mathematical Foundation, Jasmine M. Wriston
Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects
The mathematical skills students learn from kindergarten through eighth grade are the foundational skills upon which all higher level mathematics courses build. It is highly beneficial that students master previous mathematics concepts, applications, and skills, prior to learning algebra and other higher level mathematical courses. Mastering elementary and middle level mathematics before learning algebra increases students’ chances for success when taking an algebra course. This study tested 39 ninth and tenth graders, from the college preparatory program Upward Bound, on the mathematical domains of fractions and ratios/proportions. Participants took one of two tests, each composed of three questions increasing in …
Effects Of Embedded StudySkills Instruction On High School Students' Attitudes Toward Mathematics, Alberta Diahann Banks
Effects Of Embedded StudySkills Instruction On High School Students' Attitudes Toward Mathematics, Alberta Diahann Banks
Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies
The target school used embedded study skills in Algebra I classes to improve attitudes toward mathematics. The purpose of this sequential, explanatory mixedmethods study was to examine the effect of embedded studyskills instruction on students' attitudes toward mathematics. Metacognitive theory was used for this study's framework. Participants were 28 Grade 9 and 10 students who repeated Algebra I. Quantitative data from the Attitudes Toward Mathematics Inventory assessed students' pre and postinstruction attitudes toward mathematics in 4 domains. Data were analyzed using 4 independent samples t tests for students who did and did not receive embedded instruction. Qualitative data were collected …
Pathways To Professional Growth: Investigating Upper Primary School Teachers’ Perspectives On Learning To Teach Algebra, Karina J. Wilkie, Doug Clarke
Pathways To Professional Growth: Investigating Upper Primary School Teachers’ Perspectives On Learning To Teach Algebra, Karina J. Wilkie, Doug Clarke
Australian Journal of Teacher Education
This paper discusses upper primary school teachers’ perspectives on changes to their knowledge and practice through participation in a designbased research project. It analyses their experiences using Clarke & Hollingsworth’s (2002) empiricallyfounded model for professional growth to understand more about the mechanisms for change that might support teachers in learning to teach a challenging but important aspect of mathematics – algebra. Ten teachers were involved in cycles of collaborative planning, teamteaching, evaluating, and revising five lessons for their classes on developing functional thinking through pattern generalisation over one year. The teachers referred to observations of teaching in action, and modification …
An Investigation Of The Effect Of SingleGendered Instruction On Achievement In Math And English In An Urban High School, Beverly Bacchus
An Investigation Of The Effect Of SingleGendered Instruction On Achievement In Math And English In An Urban High School, Beverly Bacchus
Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Since the inception of the No Child Left Behind Act, many initiatives have been implemented to increase academic achievement. Singlegender education is an initiative that public schools have adopted with the hope of seeing boys and girls achieve significant gains in their core classes. This study explored the achievement levels of 9th grade girls and boys in their English I and Algebra I classes. After a year of learning in singlegender classes, the students' end of course scores were compared to the previous cohort of students who were taught in a traditional coeducational format by using an independent ttest. Scores …