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Full-Text Articles in Education

Empirical Connections Between The Construct Of Value, The Quality Of Stability, And The Construct Of Regret, William Samuel Morris Jr. Dec 2015

Empirical Connections Between The Construct Of Value, The Quality Of Stability, And The Construct Of Regret, William Samuel Morris Jr.

Theses and Dissertations

The term value is a psychological construct frequently used in the social sciences. This research addresses the issue of stability of ratings of perceived value of participants for monetary, tangible, and intangible items that cross contexts. Also elucidated is the relationship of value to regret. Hypothesis one stated that value would be stable across time and different rating conditions. Forty-four participants rated the value of 72 stimulus items at two time points and in different contexts. Paired samples t-tests indicated 28 participants had no statistical difference in scores. Twenty-eight scores out of 44, when applied to a binomial test, indicates ...


Developing & Describing The Use & Learning Of Conceptual Models For Integer Addition And Subtraction Of Grade 5 Students, Nicole Marie Wessman-Enzinger Jun 2015

Developing & Describing The Use & Learning Of Conceptual Models For Integer Addition And Subtraction Of Grade 5 Students, Nicole Marie Wessman-Enzinger

Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation reports the results of a teaching experiment, which explored student thinking about integer addition and subtraction. Through the lens of commognitive theory (Sfard, 2008), interpreting negative integers as secondary intuitions (Fischbein, 1987), and employing teaching experiment methodology (Steffe & Thompson, 2000), this study was a first step in developing more robust descriptions of students' conceptual models for integer addition and subtraction. I investigated: (a) the conceptual models that students exhibited, (b) the various ways that students utilized conceptual models while learning about the addition and subtraction of integers, and (c), the ways that students' conceptions evolved over the course of a teaching experiment. This study of students' conceptual models led to the modification and refinement of the CMIAS descriptions (Wessman-Enzinger & Mooney, 2014, 2015).

Three Grade 5 students were selected based on results of a pilot study and students' responses to a written assessment. Data for this study was used from the Open Number Sentence and Context Individual Sessions of the 12-week teaching experiment.

All of the Individual Sessions were videotaped and transcribed. The transcripts paired with all of the drawings produced by the students for stories for open number sentences generated and open number sentences solved during all Individual Sessions constituted the unit of analysis. A constant comparative method (Merriam, 1998) was used to modify the previous descriptions and develop new descriptions of the CMIAS (Wessman-Enzinger & Mooney, 2014). A description of the changes in mathematical discourse (i.e., word use, visual mediators, narratives, routines) was used to highlight the learning of integer addition and subtraction across the Individual Sessions.

There are seven CMIAS described in this study: Bookkeeping, Counterbalance, Translation, Relativity, Proceduralization, Analogy, and Algebraic Reasoning. These CMIAS were used differently in Individual Context Sessions and Individual Open Number Sentence Sessions. The three Grade 5 students also prominently utilized certain CMIAS over others. How the students used these CMIAS changed over time, these changes are considered to be descriptions of learning about integer addition and subtraction.

The results presented in this study extend the literature on student thinking about integer addition and subtraction by (a) describing student thinking within both contextual and symbolic problem types; (b) extending and modifying the previous descriptions of the CMIAS; and (c) providing a developmental perspective that includes learning over an extended period of time.


Minds-In-Motion Maze Movement Activities In The Regular Education Classroom, Angela Rose Bray Jan 2015

Minds-In-Motion Maze Movement Activities In The Regular Education Classroom, Angela Rose Bray

All Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Movement is important for brain development. This qualitative, multi-case study investigated the effects of the Minds-In-Motion Maze targeted movement program on the students at a small, private school in the Midwest. Case studies encompassing 14 elementary students, represent the educational ability level, racial, and socio-economic diversity of the students in the school. The findings suggest that targeted movement activities showed noteworthy gains in auditory digit span in students who participated in the maze. A review of related literature highlighted the dominance of for-profit movement based interventions targeting students with social, emotional, and learning problems. This study sought to investigate the ...


Tareas Propuestas En Los Textos Escolares De Lengua Castellana De Grado Noveno Que Favorecen El Desarrollo Metacognitivo, Leidy Constanza Mendoza Puerto, Anllela Rodríguez Cedeño Jan 2015

Tareas Propuestas En Los Textos Escolares De Lengua Castellana De Grado Noveno Que Favorecen El Desarrollo Metacognitivo, Leidy Constanza Mendoza Puerto, Anllela Rodríguez Cedeño

Maestría en Docencia

En los procesos inmersos en el aula la relación de enseñanza y aprendizaje se ha abordado desde variadas posturas, allí confluyen sujetos y objetos con diferentes propósitos e intereses que inciden en el proceso cognitivo de los estudiantes, haciendo necesario reflexionar alrededor de cómo las tareas de los textos escolares favorecen el desarrollo metacognitivo en los estudiantes, dentro de lo cual se reconoce que la mediación realizada por el maestro, a través del texto escolar en el aula, interviene en el planteamiento de estrategias de los estudiantes para autorregular sus procesos cognitivos. Para lograr dichos propósitos se planteó una investigación ...


The Role Of Awareness Of Repetition During The Development Of Automaticity, Emma Shadbolt Jan 2015

The Role Of Awareness Of Repetition During The Development Of Automaticity, Emma Shadbolt

Theses : Honours

Investigation into the influence of contextual information on performance of an automatic task has found inconsistent results. The majority of studies have investigated whether changing the context of a simple cognitive task can inhibit an automatic response, but do not review whether context can help the development of automatic responding. The current study examined whether bringing awareness to the context of a simple numerosity task could aid the development of automaticity. It also examined whether participants were aware of when automaticity developed for them via a post-test interview. The numerosity task used in this study was a simple counting task ...


High School Visual Art Students' Perceptions Of Creativity, Jacqueline B. Henson-Dacey Jan 2015

High School Visual Art Students' Perceptions Of Creativity, Jacqueline B. Henson-Dacey

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

When high school art teachers do not understand how their students experience creativity, studio art programs are less effective in fostering student learning than they would otherwise be. Nevertheless, extant research does not reveal a consistent or comprehensive understanding of how adolescents experience creativity in art education. Drawing on Csikszentmihalyi's theory of creativity and flow, this study explored students' perceptions of creativity and its relationship to flow, or the state of consciousness associated with optimal pleasure. This phenomenological study investigated students' perceptions of creativity and flow by interviewing nine high school advanced placement students in a public high school ...