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2015

Syracuse University

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Articles 1 - 30 of 56

Full-Text Articles in Education

The Relationship Of Spirituality And Depression On The Subjective Well-Being Of Jamaican College Students: A Cross Sectional Study Of Teacher Training Institutions In Jamaica, Claudette A. Brown-Smythe Dec 2015

The Relationship Of Spirituality And Depression On The Subjective Well-Being Of Jamaican College Students: A Cross Sectional Study Of Teacher Training Institutions In Jamaica, Claudette A. Brown-Smythe

Dissertations - ALL

Abstract

Spiritual is an integral component of one’s well-being and can serve as a barrier to our wellness as well as a protective factor from ill health. Spirituality helps one to make meaning of life’s circumstances and can be an intrinsic motivator helping to regain balance in our world. This study examined the relationship between spirituality, depression, and subjective well-being in 214 students enrolled in teachers’ colleges in Jamaica. Researchers (Campbell, Roberti, Maynard & Emmanuel, 2009; Kameel & Kamal, 2011; Lipps, Lowe & Gibbons, 2004; Lowe, Lipps & Young, 2009) have documented depression as an issue for college students in Jamaica; however, studies have not yet included students enrolled in teachers’ colleges. Additionally, there is scant research on spirituality and well-being ...


The Decision To Pursue The Principalship: Perspectives Of Certified Administrators In Upstate Central New York, Frederick Paul Kirsch Dec 2015

The Decision To Pursue The Principalship: Perspectives Of Certified Administrators In Upstate Central New York, Frederick Paul Kirsch

Dissertations - ALL

This qualitative research study sought to uncover the attractants and deterrents of educational administrative positions in Upstate Central New York (CNY) public schools by exploring the perspectives of both practicing principals and those that are certified but not currently employed in an administrative position. The study posed three research questions. First, how do educators who are certified as administrators in Upstate Central New York describe experiences that have influenced them to pursue or not pursue the principalship? Second, what do certified administrators perceive as the attractants and deterrents to the principalship in Upstate Central New York and which of these ...


Eliciting Bootstrapping: The Development Of Introductory Statistics Students’ Informal Inferential Reasoning Via Resampling, Jeffrey Allen Mclean Dec 2015

Eliciting Bootstrapping: The Development Of Introductory Statistics Students’ Informal Inferential Reasoning Via Resampling, Jeffrey Allen Mclean

Dissertations - ALL

Bootstrapping has become an important tool for statisticians, who assert that it is intuitive to novice statistics students. The process of collecting bootstrap resamples was once time demanding, but technology now allows data collection to be performed nearly instantaneously. This study focuses on the construction and development of secondary and tertiary introductory statistics students' (n=68) reasoning about bootstrapping and informal inference. Students engaged in a four-week instructional unit designed as two model development sequences. Through the use of hands-on manipulatives and technology, students constructed and developed reasoning of sampling, the resampling process of bootstrapping, and inference. The focus of ...


How "Global" Are Global History Teachers? Secondary Social Studies Teachers' Understandings Of Global Awareness And Global Education, Ardyth L. Watson Dec 2015

How "Global" Are Global History Teachers? Secondary Social Studies Teachers' Understandings Of Global Awareness And Global Education, Ardyth L. Watson

Dissertations - ALL

Although global history has been a part of the discipline of social studies in New York State for a number of years, the inclusion of global education and skills has been less prevalent in the discipline. This lack of global perspectives in education has proven to be detrimental to the global awareness of American students. (Roper for National Geographic Foundation, 2006; Harvard University, 2004; Holm and Farber, 2002; Clarke, 2004). Global history teachers play a key role in the dissemination of global content that may contribute to increasing global awareness of students. Yet teachers, themselves, may have limited global awareness ...


A Qualitative Approach To Studying The Lived Experiences Of High School Aged Sexual Minority And Gender Nonconforming Youth Across Relationships And Contexts., Michael Calloway Dec 2015

A Qualitative Approach To Studying The Lived Experiences Of High School Aged Sexual Minority And Gender Nonconforming Youth Across Relationships And Contexts., Michael Calloway

Dissertations - ALL

Four youth who identified as sexual or gender minorities were recruited from a high school in Upstate New York for a study designed to investigate the experiences that facilitate or hinder their ability to fully question and explore their identities between and across relationships and contexts. This current investigation utilized Bronfenbrenner’s Bioecological Theory as a means with which to structure both the interviews with the informants as well as the findings. I also utilized Interpretive Phenomenological Analysis as the means of gathering, interpreting, and presenting the data in a meaningful way. The participants engaged in a range of interpersonal ...


Pedagogy, Social Transformation, And Space: Toward A Revolutionary Critical Pedagogy For Space, Derek R. Ford Dec 2015

Pedagogy, Social Transformation, And Space: Toward A Revolutionary Critical Pedagogy For Space, Derek R. Ford

Dissertations - ALL

Building on the work of Peter McLaren, Henri Lefebvre, and David Harvey, this dissertation develops a revolutionary critical pedagogy for space. I begin with a historical and theoretical survey of the roots critical pedagogy, a pedagogical orientation that is often called upon but rarely situated deeply. I then break down revolutionary critical pedagogy into seven components. I elaborate the dominant trends in the current social-political moment. I introduce two terms here, neoliberalism and the global class war. I argue that the former is a necessary but ultimately insufficient framework for understanding the present moment, and that the latter provides a ...


Student Characteristics That Predict Persistence And Performance In Online Courses And The Face-To-Face Equivalents At A Four-Year Private Northeastern University, Karen Zannini Bull Dec 2015

Student Characteristics That Predict Persistence And Performance In Online Courses And The Face-To-Face Equivalents At A Four-Year Private Northeastern University, Karen Zannini Bull

Dissertations - ALL

Attrition in online courses is of growing concern in higher education. Many researchers and practitioners are concerned about student persistence (course completion) and performance (completion of a course with a grade of C or better) in online courses. This study investigated the undergraduate student characteristics that predict student persistence and performance in online courses and the face-to-face equivalents at a four-year private northeastern university. The sample consists of undergraduate students (42,280 observations, 25,167 unduplicated student headcount, which is the actual number of individual students in the population) who enrolled in courses, regardless of delivery format, from fall 2002 ...


Leading Curricular Change: The Role Of The School Principal In Implementation Of The Common Core State Standards, Tiffany Marie Squires Dec 2015

Leading Curricular Change: The Role Of The School Principal In Implementation Of The Common Core State Standards, Tiffany Marie Squires

Dissertations - ALL

Principals, whose jobs are increasingly being reframed as requiring instructional leadership (Lunenburg, 2013; Hallinger, 2005), serve as a vital link between standards-based reform and its successful implementation at the school level (Fullan, 2011; Hallinger & Heck, 1996; Leithwood & Riehl, 2005; Spillane & Hunt, 2010). Standards-based reform or guidelines for change mandated by state government significantly influence teaching and learning (Beane, 2013). Our nation’s latest iteration of standards-based reform is comprised within the Common Core State Standards (CCSS), which are currently fully implemented in 42 states. Despite the essential role of the school leader in implementation of standards-based reform, research is limited on how principals understand ...


What Is The Relationship Between The Degree Middle Schools Implement The Essential Elements, Student Achievement And The Programs And Practices Applied In Each School, Ravo Root Iii Dec 2015

What Is The Relationship Between The Degree Middle Schools Implement The Essential Elements, Student Achievement And The Programs And Practices Applied In Each School, Ravo Root Iii

Dissertations - ALL

ABSTRACT

By 2003, both the New York State Board of Regents Policy Statement and the new Commissioner’s Regulation 100.4, required all middle level programs to implement a set of policies and practices called the NYS Essential Elements of Standards-Focused Middle-Level Schools and Programs. Early adolescence (ages 10-14) is a time when students experience, the most tumultuous physical and mental changes occur during adolescence, with the exception of a child’s first year of life (Montessori, 2004). Middle grade level philosophy and a description of what middle schools should be like are directly linked to taking a balanced approach ...


Negotiating Dse Teaching Identity In Today’S Public Schools: Complexity, Camaraderie, & Subversion, Carrie Eileen Rood Dec 2015

Negotiating Dse Teaching Identity In Today’S Public Schools: Complexity, Camaraderie, & Subversion, Carrie Eileen Rood

Dissertations - ALL

This dissertation explored the experiences and perspectives of eleven classroom teachers who self-identify and commit to disability studies in their practices in their current roles as teachers in k-12 schools. The study uncovered the lived experience of what it means to take on a disability studies in education (DSE) identity, including the particular pedagogical methods and strategies that these teachers assigned to and named as DSE. Through phenomenological interviewing, participant’s experiences around practicing their identities were recorded and analyzed. The data collected offers a glimpse into how a DSE identity manifests itself within today’s schools, including the complicated ...


How Mental Health, Sojourner Adjustment, And Drinking Motives Impact Alcohol-Related Consequences For College Students Studying Abroad, Laura Kay Thompson Dec 2015

How Mental Health, Sojourner Adjustment, And Drinking Motives Impact Alcohol-Related Consequences For College Students Studying Abroad, Laura Kay Thompson

Dissertations - ALL

The topic of college student drinking has been widely addressed in the literature. Traditional-aged college students are considered to be an at-risk population in terms of the problematic use of alcohol, putting them at risk for a wide range of negative consequences. College students who study abroad are a sub-group of students who may be vulnerable to increased alcohol-related consequences due to variables associated with being in an unfamiliar environment where alcohol is often more accessible. While previous studies have explored the impact that a range of factors has on alcohol-related consequences for students abroad, none has examined the impact ...


Assessing The Quantified Impact Of A Hybrid Pogil Methodology On Student Averages In A Forensic Science Survey Course, Tyna Lynn Meeks Dec 2015

Assessing The Quantified Impact Of A Hybrid Pogil Methodology On Student Averages In A Forensic Science Survey Course, Tyna Lynn Meeks

Dissertations - ALL

A causal-comparative/quasi experimental study examined the effect of incorporating a hybrid teaching methodology that blended lecture with Process Oriented Guided Inquiry Lessons (POGILs) on the overall academic achievement of a diverse student body in a large lecture setting. Additional considerations included student gender, ethnicity, declared major (STEM or non-STEM), and SAT scores. An evaluation of the effect that these characteristics had on student achievement due to differentiating import placed on the use of POGILs as a learning tool was included. This study used data obtained from a longitudinal examination of eight years of student data from an introductory forensic ...


Coteaching In Secondary Schools, Carol A. Willard Dec 2015

Coteaching In Secondary Schools, Carol A. Willard

Dissertations - ALL

The use of coteaching as a means of supporting students with disabilities in the general education classroom is becoming more common. The literature base on the effectiveness of coteaching in elementary grade levels is well established; however, coteaching in secondary school is a less documented topic. Therefore, this study examines coteaching in secondary schools. Coteaching, as defined in this study, is one general and one special education teacher sharing instructional responsibilities for at least one group of students in one classroom for at least one instructional period. The research questions guiding the study focused on the models of coteaching used ...


Navigating The Urban-Rural Divide: The Agency Of Rural Chinese Female Higher Education Students In China, Lifang Wang Dec 2015

Navigating The Urban-Rural Divide: The Agency Of Rural Chinese Female Higher Education Students In China, Lifang Wang

Dissertations - ALL

This dissertation explores how rural Chinese female students at urban Chinese higher education institutions conceptualize and negotiate the urban-rural divide that often interplays with gender and the discourse of quality (suzhi) to shape their lives. A substantial body of literature discusses the profound inequalities that rural Chinese people encounter due to the urban-rural divide and household registration system (Chan & Zhang, 1999; Wang & Zuo, 1999; Loong-Yu & Shan, 2007; Tang & Yang, 2008; Whyte, 2010; Han, 2010). An increasing amount of literature also addresses the experiences of rural Chinese migrant women working in urban China (Gaetano & Jacka, 2004; Jacka, 2006; Gaetano, 2004; Gaetano, 2005; Yan, 2008). However, little research has been done on ...


Trying Times: Disability, Activism, And Education In Samoa, 1970-1980, Juliann Anesi Dec 2015

Trying Times: Disability, Activism, And Education In Samoa, 1970-1980, Juliann Anesi

Dissertations - ALL

In the 1970s and 1980s, Samoan women organizers established Aoga Fiamalamalama and Loto Taumafai, which were educational institutions in Samoa, an island in the Pacific. Establishing these schools for students with intellectual and physical disabilities, excluded from attending formal schools based on the misconception that they were "uneducable". In this project, I seek to understand how parent advocates, allies, teachers, women organizers, women with disabilities, and former students of these schools understood disability, illness, inclusive education, and community organizing. Through interviews and analysis of archival documents, stories, cultural myths, legends related to people with disabilities, pamphlets, and newspaper media, I ...


Chancellor’S Remarks At The 2015 University Veterans Day Ceremony, Kent Syverud Nov 2015

Chancellor’S Remarks At The 2015 University Veterans Day Ceremony, Kent Syverud

Chancellor's Collection

No abstract provided.


Chancellor’S Remarks At The Falk College Complex Dedication Ceremony, Kent Syverud Oct 2015

Chancellor’S Remarks At The Falk College Complex Dedication Ceremony, Kent Syverud

Chancellor's Collection

No abstract provided.


Chancellor’S Remarks At The Holden Observatory Ramp Dedication, Kent Syverud Oct 2015

Chancellor’S Remarks At The Holden Observatory Ramp Dedication, Kent Syverud

Chancellor's Collection

No abstract provided.


Chancellor’S Remarks At The 2015 Arents Award For Excellence Ceremony, Kent Syverud Oct 2015

Chancellor’S Remarks At The 2015 Arents Award For Excellence Ceremony, Kent Syverud

Chancellor's Collection

No abstract provided.


Chancellor’S Remarks At 2015 Parents Weekend Welcome Event, Kent Syverud Sep 2015

Chancellor’S Remarks At 2015 Parents Weekend Welcome Event, Kent Syverud

Chancellor's Collection

No abstract provided.


Chancellor’S Address At The 2015 Convocation For New Students, Kent Syverud Aug 2015

Chancellor’S Address At The 2015 Convocation For New Students, Kent Syverud

Chancellor's Collection

No abstract provided.


Applying The Case-Based Method In Designing Self-Directed Online Instruction, Heng Luo Jun 2015

Applying The Case-Based Method In Designing Self-Directed Online Instruction, Heng Luo

Dissertations - ALL

No abstract provided.


Chancellor’S Remarks At An Evening With The Chancellor Alumni Reception, Kent Syverud Jun 2015

Chancellor’S Remarks At An Evening With The Chancellor Alumni Reception, Kent Syverud

Chancellor's Collection

No abstract provided.


Research Brief: "Coping, Family Social Support, And Psychological Symptoms Among Student Veterans", Institute For Veterans And Military Families At Syracuse University Jun 2015

Research Brief: "Coping, Family Social Support, And Psychological Symptoms Among Student Veterans", Institute For Veterans And Military Families At Syracuse University

Institute for Veterans and Military Families

This study is about coping styles among student veterans and what is related to various coping styles. For policy and practice, universities should understand veterans' stigmatization of mental health services and should improve cultural competence; the Department of Veterans Affairs should work with universities to ensure student veteran success. Suggestions for future research include using a larger, more representative sample and looking at the effects of actual versus perceived social support.


Role Of Self-Efficacy And Experiential Training In Classroom Guidance Participation, Sean O'Patrick Finnerty Jun 2015

Role Of Self-Efficacy And Experiential Training In Classroom Guidance Participation, Sean O'Patrick Finnerty

Dissertations - ALL

According to the American School Counseling Association (ASCA) school counselors should be spending 15 to 45 percent of their time engaged in classroom guidance (ASCA, 2005; 2012). Yet there has been little research in the area classroom guidance and understanding what factors impact whether or not school counselors choose to engage in classroom guidance. This study explored whether factors like self-efficacy, experiential training, and a variety of demographic variables including previous teaching training were significantly correlated to the amount of classroom guidance performed. The study was a quantitative in nature and was a cross sectional, correlational, survey design.

The ASCA ...


Transfer Rates And Baccalaureate Attainment: Two-Year Versus Hybrid Colleges, David M. Gerlach Jun 2015

Transfer Rates And Baccalaureate Attainment: Two-Year Versus Hybrid Colleges, David M. Gerlach

Dissertations - ALL

This exploratory study examined how beginning at a hybrid college that offered baccalaureate degrees while retaining its subbaccalaureate mission of associate degrees and certificates (Floyd &;; Skolnik, 2005; Lorenzo, 2005), as compared to a beginning at a two-year college, affected transfer and baccalaureate attainment. Additionally, it determined how social background, other precollege personal characteristics, external demands as students enter college, and experiences during college affected transfer rates and baccalaureate attainment in the same manner as Dougherty and Kienzl (2006).

This study assumed a quasiexperimental design with an ex post facto, causal-comparative case control analysis (Sprinthall, 2003). It used information from the ...


Concerns Of Elementary School Leaders And Teachers When Implementing A Common Core Aligned Mathematics Program, Leela J. George May 2015

Concerns Of Elementary School Leaders And Teachers When Implementing A Common Core Aligned Mathematics Program, Leela J. George

Dissertations - ALL

The purpose of this study is twofold: first, the research is an investigation of the concerns of school leaders and teachers when implementing a Common Core Learning Standards-aligned elementary mathematics curriculum in an age of accountability and reform; second, this research aims to identify the interventions that school leaders employ in response to the concerns of teachers.

This is a mixed methods study using the Concerns-Based Adoption Model (CBAM). Specifically, the Stages of Concern Questionnaire (SoCQ) and the Change Facilitator Stages of Concern Questionnaire (CFSoCQ) were administered three times during the initial year of implementation of a new mathematics program ...


"We're All Horacians": Listening To International Students At An American Liberal Arts College, Peter Arno Gerlach May 2015

"We're All Horacians": Listening To International Students At An American Liberal Arts College, Peter Arno Gerlach

Dissertations - ALL

The current intensifying climate of internationalized higher education has led to feverishly increased recruitment of international students in and beyond the United States. Amidst competition for this student population, the complexity of the international student experience, the voices of internationals, and the focus on individuals' lives are of lesser consequence than mapping global flows and tracking aggregate trends through statistical measures and meta-level reporting. As a result, international students in the twenty-first century are often commodified, homogenized, and Othered in the scholarships to which they are a subject and on the campuses in which they are enrolled. However, I contend ...


Teaching Artistry As A Critical Community Of Practice: An Arts-Based Ethnography, Laura K. Reeder May 2015

Teaching Artistry As A Critical Community Of Practice: An Arts-Based Ethnography, Laura K. Reeder

Dissertations - ALL

There is increasing inequity in access to arts education among students in the United States that corresponds to an increase in demand for teaching artists - career artists who apply their artistry to teaching and learning. These increases have been documented both as a benefit and as a threat to arts instruction that is provided within standardized public school curricula. In turn, policy debate has emerged around professional positioning and development of teaching artists. This arts-based ethnographic study investigates resistance by teaching artists in the United States to policy recommendations for formal credentialing of the work that they do (Rabkin, et ...


Beyond Able-Minded Citizenship: Embracing Intellectual Ability Differences In Democratic Education, Ashley Taylor May 2015

Beyond Able-Minded Citizenship: Embracing Intellectual Ability Differences In Democratic Education, Ashley Taylor

Dissertations - ALL

Within philosophical literature on democratic education, philosophers of education embrace the existence of cultural, religious, racial, gender, and other social differences as important to a thriving democracy. However, they frequently ignore or marginalize the potential significance of ability differences, especially those associated with intellect and reasoning ability. In fact, prevailing understandings of civic engagement within political philosophy, social and educational policy, and institutional practice conform to norms of development, behavior, and civic contribution that assume the presence of able-bodied and able-minded individuals. There is therefore an unchallenged assumption that those who experience significant difficulties in reasoning are unable to perform ...