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Full-Text Articles in Education

Catholic Schools And Multicultural Education: A Good Match, Charles J. Russo, Shauna M. Adams, Mary Ellen Seery Dec 1998

Catholic Schools And Multicultural Education: A Good Match, Charles J. Russo, Shauna M. Adams, Mary Ellen Seery

Teacher Education Faculty Publications

This article reflects on the place of multicultural education in Catholic schools. The authors review the history and development of Catholic schools in order to set a context for examination of the appropriateness of multicultural education.


The Relationship Of Reading Recovery Teachers' Efficacy To Length Of Service And School System Support, M. Louise Moon Dec 1998

The Relationship Of Reading Recovery Teachers' Efficacy To Length Of Service And School System Support, M. Louise Moon

Dissertations

Existing research results directly relate teachers’ efficacy to student outcomes and to continuing staff development and school context; however, little work has been done to investigate these relationships for Reading Recovery teachers. Reading Recovery (RR) is an early intervention program designed to assist first grade children who are having difficulty learning to read and write. This program requires ongoing staff development and an implementation plan designed to provide appropriate school context; therefore, survey data were collected from Reading Recovery teachers to study relationships between teacher efficacy and (a) their length of service in Reading Recovery and (b) support for RR ...


Headteachers As School Leaders In Pakistan, Muhammad Memon, Fauzia Reza Nov 1998

Headteachers As School Leaders In Pakistan, Muhammad Memon, Fauzia Reza

Institute for Educational Development, Karachi

No abstract provided.


Reflection On School Visit, Qamar Safdar Nov 1998

Reflection On School Visit, Qamar Safdar

Institute for Educational Development, Karachi

No abstract provided.


Do The Great While It Is Still Small: Humanistic Teaching In The Elementary School, John Eichinger Nov 1998

Do The Great While It Is Still Small: Humanistic Teaching In The Elementary School, John Eichinger

Humanistic Mathematics Network Journal

No abstract provided.


The Effects Of Literature Circles On The Reading Attitudes Of Fourth Grade Students, Kellyann Roche Jul 1998

The Effects Of Literature Circles On The Reading Attitudes Of Fourth Grade Students, Kellyann Roche

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect that literature circles had on the reading attitudes of fourth grade students. This study used a pretest-posttest control group design to look at the reading attitudes of fourth grade students before and after the implementation of literature circles. These literature circles were composed of heterogeneous ability groups which were used in addition to the regular reading program.

Both groups were given the Elementary Reading Attitude Survey (ERAS) prior to the induction of literature circles. The experimental group (n = 17) was engaged in literature circles for approximately ten weeks while the ...


Gender Differences In Primary Grade Level Students In Tests Of Visual And Auditory Memory, Kathleen P. Leland Jul 1998

Gender Differences In Primary Grade Level Students In Tests Of Visual And Auditory Memory, Kathleen P. Leland

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to discover if gender is a significant factor when determining the auditory and visual memory skills of primary grade level students. The study also sought to determine if boys or girls are more able to recall visual or auditory stimuli. Based on the literature related to the subject of gender and memory, differences between males and females vary depending on the tasks performed.

The subjects were taken from first, second and third grade students attending a suburban elementary school in New Jersey. Fifty-two boys and fifty-three girls were subjected to a story on an ...


A Study Of Multi-Sensory Instruction On Fourth Grade Students' Reading Achievement, Kristine Carter Jul 1998

A Study Of Multi-Sensory Instruction On Fourth Grade Students' Reading Achievement, Kristine Carter

Theses and Dissertations

Research has supported that by accommodating teaching methods to complement student learning styles, academic achievement and attitudes improve. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of multi-learning style based instruction, specifically perceptual preferences, on the reading achievement of fourth grade students. Forty-seven students in two intact classrooms from one elementary school participated in the pretest/posttest control group design. A pretest was given to both groups to ensure initial group equivalence. An experimental group then received multi-perceptual instruction for a period of two weeks while a control group was taught by traditional instruction. Following the instruction period ...


Effect Of Hands-On Instruction On The Science Achievement Of Second Grade Students, Wendy Nardi Jul 1998

Effect Of Hands-On Instruction On The Science Achievement Of Second Grade Students, Wendy Nardi

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of hands-on methods of science instruction on low-level second grade students from a low-income community. Hands-on instruction actively engages students in exploratory activities using cognitive, manipulative and operational skills. According to a nonequivalent control group design, the nonstratified sample of 39 students was pretested and presented with either hands-on science instruction or more traditional strategies. Following posttest administration, a t test for nonindependent samples indicated a significant difference between the pretest and the posttest scores of both groups. However, a t test for independent samples revealed no significant difference between ...


A Study Of Gender And Subject Area On Student Test Score Prediction, Slade Spencer Jul 1998

A Study Of Gender And Subject Area On Student Test Score Prediction, Slade Spencer

Theses and Dissertations

The goal of student self assessment in this study was to give the instructor feedback – first hand knowledge of the level of understanding/comprehension the students have of the concepts in a given subject area. The purpose for test score predictions was to enable the classroom teacher to teach the areas of subject matter that were needed, not teach what has already been mastered as a skill.

Previous research has shown mixed results in the area of whether gender or subject area affects test score prediction. This provided support for the dual null hypotheses. There is not a significant relationship ...


Teachers' Perceptions Of The Multiage Program At Kingsley Elementary School In Sullivan County, Tennessee, Sandra G. Ramsey May 1998

Teachers' Perceptions Of The Multiage Program At Kingsley Elementary School In Sullivan County, Tennessee, Sandra G. Ramsey

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This study examines how teachers at Kingsley Elementary School feel about the multiage program now as compared to when the program was first implemented. There were 28 teachers and two administrators interviewed to determine their perceptions of the positive and negative influences of the multiage program. The purpose of the study is to reveal the success or failure of the multiage program at Kingsley Elementary School and to explore the process used by the school to implement the process. The approach to this study is qualitative and uses interview data from both former and current Kingsley staff. Five research questions ...


Thinking About The Preparation Of Teachers Of Elementary School Mathematics, Jane Wenstrom, Kathleen Martin, Susan King May 1998

Thinking About The Preparation Of Teachers Of Elementary School Mathematics, Jane Wenstrom, Kathleen Martin, Susan King

Humanistic Mathematics Network Journal

No abstract provided.


The Association Between Music Intelligence And Learning Process Style, Mary Jane Wishart-Morey Apr 1998

The Association Between Music Intelligence And Learning Process Style, Mary Jane Wishart-Morey

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to begin to understand brain function and musicality. The problem of this study was to determine if there is a relationship between learning process style and musical intelligence.

Subjects who were in grade three were administered the Intermediate Measures of Musical Audiation test (IMMA). This test was used to identify musically talented children. Subjects took the test by listening to a tonal cassette and rhythm cassette. The subjects decided whether pairs of tonal or rhythm pattern they heard sounded the same or different. These tests required no reading skills. Students put circles around the ...


The Relationships Among First Grade Students' Tonal Aptitude, Singing Vocal Development, And Developmental Age, Florence Tavani Feb 1998

The Relationships Among First Grade Students' Tonal Aptitude, Singing Vocal Development, And Developmental Age, Florence Tavani

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to determine if there was a correlation between developmental age and scores achieved on music ability tests.

The problem of this study was to determine the relationships among the Primary Measure of Music Audiation and the Singing Voice Development Measure and the Gesell School Readiness Test.

Sixty-three students in grade one of the Indian Mills Elementary school took part in this study. All of these students had been tested with the Gesell School Readiness Test prior to entering first grade. This test consisted of eight subtests requiring such tasks as cube stacking, verbal interview ...


The Effects Of Harmonic Accompaniment On The Music Achievement, Aptitude, And Musical Effectiveness Of First Grade Children, Ruth Pelphrey Feb 1998

The Effects Of Harmonic Accompaniment On The Music Achievement, Aptitude, And Musical Effectiveness Of First Grade Children, Ruth Pelphrey

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this research was to determine how harmonic accompaniments affect first grade children. The specific problems of the study were to understand how harmonic accompaniments affect children in their 1) tonal development, 2) use of their voice, and 3) interest in singing. Furthermore, a fourth problem was to determine the relationships among interest in singing, use of singing voice, and tonal development.

One hundred and six first grade students in five classes were randomly selected to participate in this study. There were three treatment groups; one received song instruction with the accompaniment of piano/guitar, the second used ...


Developing A Teacher-Training Module For Increasing Girls' Participation In Primary Schools: Action Research Phase - A Report, Urvashi Sahni Jan 1998

Developing A Teacher-Training Module For Increasing Girls' Participation In Primary Schools: Action Research Phase - A Report, Urvashi Sahni

Strengthening the Education of Girls in India

No abstract provided.


Teachers Becoming Action-Researchers: Developing A Teacher-Training Module For Increasing Girls' Participation In Primary Schools, Urvashi Sahni Jan 1998

Teachers Becoming Action-Researchers: Developing A Teacher-Training Module For Increasing Girls' Participation In Primary Schools, Urvashi Sahni

Strengthening the Education of Girls in India

A participatory action research project was launched in July 1996 and operationalised a year later in July 1997 in district RaeBareilly in the north Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. The guiding objective of the project is to strengthen the education of girls in India, by increasing their participation in primary education. This involves broadly an increase in enrollment, attendance, retention and achievement of girls in primary schools, i.e., classes 1 - 5. While there is a clear understanding and acceptance of the fact that there are several societal reasons for unequal participation of boys and girls in primary education, all ...


Need For Initiating Education Reform Based On School Effectiveness And Improvement In Pakistan, Muhammad Memon Jan 1998

Need For Initiating Education Reform Based On School Effectiveness And Improvement In Pakistan, Muhammad Memon

Institute for Educational Development, Karachi

No abstract provided.


The Future Of Headteachers As Educational Leaders In Pakistan: Implications For Pedagogical Leadership, Muhammad Memon Jan 1998

The Future Of Headteachers As Educational Leaders In Pakistan: Implications For Pedagogical Leadership, Muhammad Memon

Institute for Educational Development, Karachi

Literature on educational management and leadership (e.g. Leithwood et al. 1994, Grace, 1995 and Segiovanni, 1998) suggests the significance of the role of headteachers as educational leaders in the western context. Whereas in the eastern context generally and particularly in Pakistan, the role of headteachers as educational leaders of the future is not yet fully understood and recognized. The current practice of headteachers in Pakistan seems to focus on supervision, monitoring and evaluation of teachers and students work, underpinning the style of 'bureaucratic / mechanistic leaders'. At present, headteachers spend most of their time on maintaining status quo through administration ...


A Follow-Up Of Professional Development Of Educational Leaders: Implications For School Improvement, Muhammad Memon, Fauzia Reza Jan 1998

A Follow-Up Of Professional Development Of Educational Leaders: Implications For School Improvement, Muhammad Memon, Fauzia Reza

Institute for Educational Development, Karachi

The paper presents an account of the processes, outcomes and challenges associated with a follow-up study after the completion of a professional development programme in educational management for senior education officers from Sindh. Prior to induction to their jobs, the district education officers, principals of elementary colleges of education and higher secondary schools are not formally exposed to any new educational management and leadership practices. As a result, most of them remain unaware of the tasks and demands of their role, therefore, they tend to maintain a status quo position rather than engaging in change strategies for improving the quality ...


Understanding Headteachers’ Role In Pakistan: A Case Study, Muhammad Memon, Rana Nazir Ali, Tim Simkins, Viv Garret Jan 1998

Understanding Headteachers’ Role In Pakistan: A Case Study, Muhammad Memon, Rana Nazir Ali, Tim Simkins, Viv Garret

Institute for Educational Development, Karachi

No abstract provided.


State Policy And Classroom Performance: Mathematics Reform In California, David Cohen, Heather Hill Jan 1998

State Policy And Classroom Performance: Mathematics Reform In California, David Cohen, Heather Hill

CPRE Policy Briefs

In the early 1990's many states tried to devise more robust and coherent instructional policies, in efforts to make teaching and learning more thoughtful and demanding. Policymakers and reformers pressed teachers to help students understand mathematical concepts, to interpret serious literature, to write creatively about their own ideas and experiences, and to converse thoughtfully about history and social science. But these efforts to reform instruction encountered skepticism about the link between policy and pedagogy. Skeptics ask if it is reasonable to expect state policies to steer teaching and learning sharply away from long-established conventional practice, noting that previous efforts ...


Two Case Studies On Impact Evaluation Of Education Projects , Jooseop Kim Jan 1998

Two Case Studies On Impact Evaluation Of Education Projects , Jooseop Kim

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Primary school enrollment rates in Pakistan are far lower than in countries facing similar economic circumstances. The problem is particularly severe for girls in poor families and rural areas;To address this problem, the Balochistan Education Foundation with technical support from World Bank launched the Urban Girls' Fellowship program in 1994, and the Community Support Program (CSP) in 1992. These programs were instituted in Balochistan Province, the poorest, the least populous, least educated province of Pakistan. The main object of the pilot programs was to increase the enrollment rate for girls;This study evaluates the two programs using experimental and ...


The Tale Of Two Classrooms: The Looping Experience , Jyll Johnson Miner Jan 1998

The Tale Of Two Classrooms: The Looping Experience , Jyll Johnson Miner

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This ethnographic study describes the instructional strategies and methods of teacher planning used by two elementary looping teachers in one elementary school. Over a six month period, twenty-three interviews were conducted and fifty observations were made. Teachers discuss planning, teacher collaboration, student range of abilities, life history, integrated thematic instruction, and literacy concepts. The primary purpose of the study was to provide a description of planning and instruction from the perspective of teachers in active looping classrooms. I was guided by three research questions: (1) What are teachers' experiences in a looped classroom? (2) What kinds of instructional approaches evolve ...


Factors Associated With The Utilization Of Mathematics Manipulatives In Grades Kindergarten Through Four, Debra J. Bandy Jan 1998

Factors Associated With The Utilization Of Mathematics Manipulatives In Grades Kindergarten Through Four, Debra J. Bandy

Masters Theses

Since the publication of "Curriculum and Evaluation Standards for School Mathematics" by the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics in 1989, mathematics pedagogy has shifted from the standard memorization of facts and processes to concept development and application. Teachers have been encouraged to utilize manipulatives to help students bridge the gap between concrete and abstract mathematical concepts. This study was conducted to determine if grade level impacted the frequency with which manipulatives were used, to examine teacher perceptions of eleven factors associated with the frequency of utilization of math manipulatives, and to assess the perceived effect of teaching with manipulatives ...


Bringing Families Closer Through Picture Book Reading, Genan Anderson Dec 1997

Bringing Families Closer Through Picture Book Reading, Genan Anderson

Genan Anderson

A summary of parent reactions to family picture book reading sparked by the addition of a classroom take-home library to Head Start classrooms.