Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Education Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 1 - 12 of 12

Full-Text Articles in Education

Laubach In India: 1935 To 1970, S. Y. Shah Oct 1991

Laubach In India: 1935 To 1970, S. Y. Shah

The Courier

Dr. Frank C. Laubach, missionary and adult educator, dedicated his life to the cause of literacy for development and world peace. During his travels to 103 countries, he worked toward helping some 60 to 100 million people become literate. In addition, he founded or helped found four literacy organizations, including Laubach Literacy International; wrote forty books on adult education, Christian religion, world politics, and culture; and co-authored literacy primers in more than 300 languages. He was awarded four honorary doctorates—one of them from Syracuse University.

Although Laubach worked in many other countries, it is said that his heart was ...


Professing American Literature: A Report From Brazil, Arnold Gordenstein Sep 1991

Professing American Literature: A Report From Brazil, Arnold Gordenstein

New England Journal of Public Policy

This American professor discovered that although his Brazilian students appeared to be entirely receptive to American literature, they were often culturally blocked from the concepts the books contained. He also found that some key American ideas don't translate well into Brazilian culture and that it is nearly impossible for a professor abroad to present literature in a politically and culturally neutral way.


Internationalism, Diversity, And Multiculturalism: Are They Compatible?, Michael Smithee Mar 1991

Internationalism, Diversity, And Multiculturalism: Are They Compatible?, Michael Smithee

Michael B. Smithee

This article is a qualitative study that explores the definitions and meanings of these three terms, and explains how a variety of higher education institutions organize their approaches to these terms.


Historia Do Currículo Da Escola Secundária Brasileira, 1838-1971: Uma Pesquisa Em Curso [History Of The Curriculum Of The Brazilian Secondary School, 1838-1971: Research In Progress], Karl M. Lorenz, Ariclê Vechia Jan 1991

Historia Do Currículo Da Escola Secundária Brasileira, 1838-1971: Uma Pesquisa Em Curso [History Of The Curriculum Of The Brazilian Secondary School, 1838-1971: Research In Progress], Karl M. Lorenz, Ariclê Vechia

Karl M Lorenz

O trabalho sumariza os objetivos e a metodologia usada num projeto de pesquisa que visa caracterizar a composição e organização dos currículos oficialmente adotados pela escola secundaria brasileira, de 1838 a 1971.
This paper summarizes the objectives and the methodology used in a research project that aims to characterize the composition and organization of the curricula officially adopted in Brazilian secondary schools from 1838 to 1971.


Ngos In Latin America, Eloy Anello Jan 1991

Ngos In Latin America, Eloy Anello

Occasional Paper Series on Non-Governmental Organizations


Since the 1950’s, NGOs have featured prominently in education, development and social change movements in Latin America since the 1950’s. This paper provides concrete examples of the roles NGOs have played in research and development. An analysis of NGO characteristics and a functional typology based on their delivery of services, research focus and grassroots action is provided.

The NGO phenomenon is an emerging reality of great significance to Latin American development processes. Donor agencies, governments and NGOs themselves are expressing the need to better understand this social phenomenon, which bears promise in its potential capacity to respond to ...


Ngos In The Sahel, Jonathan Otto Jan 1991

Ngos In The Sahel, Jonathan Otto

Occasional Paper Series on Non-Governmental Organizations

This paper explores NGOs working in natural resources management in the Sahel. By combining historical perspectives and cultural analysis, the paper provides an overview of the issues and actions taken over the past 40 years. Special attention is given to national and international NGOs, grassroots organizations, donors and the governments involved.

The Objective of this paper is to situate the NGO movement of the West African Sahel within the context of the evolving regional situation, with particular reference to the paramount concerns for managing natural resources. What is the impetus for the emergence of NGOs and rural organizations, how do ...


Ngos In Indonesia, Mansour Fakih Jan 1991

Ngos In Indonesia, Mansour Fakih

Occasional Paper Series on Non-Governmental Organizations

This paper traces the role of NGOs in development, modernization and capitalism in Indonesia. It offers a typology of alternative NGO structures and paradigms which allows NGOs to transform development, involve people and create a counter-hegemonic movement.

The past two decades have witnessed a tremendous increase in the number of NGOs operating in the Third World. In 1981 Development Cooperation Review estimated that as many as 8,000 well-established NGOs were engaged in relief and development work worldwide. These organizations were providing US 3.6 billion in annual support to development programs, two thirds of which came from private sources ...


1991 Regional Conference Of The Comparative And International Education Society, Center For International Education Jan 1991

1991 Regional Conference Of The Comparative And International Education Society, Center For International Education

Conference Proceedings & Collected Papers

The 1991 Northeast Regional Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society was hosted by the Center for International Education, University of Massachusetts at Amherst on November 15, 1991. The theme of the conference, "the Challenges of International Education in the 1990s: Effectiveness and Excellence," was deliberately made broad in order to encompass a wide range of problems and issues relevant to educators involved in the development of education world-wide.

More than sixty people attended the conference, and participants represented the rich institutional diversity in the northeast region of the US. Participants came from the Bunting Institute (Radcliffe Research Study ...


Historia Do Currículo Da Escola Secundária Brasileira, 1838-1971: Uma Pesquisa Em Curso [History Of The Curriculum Of The Brazilian Secondary School, 1838-1971: Research In Progress], Karl M. Lorenz, Ariclê Vechia Jan 1991

Historia Do Currículo Da Escola Secundária Brasileira, 1838-1971: Uma Pesquisa Em Curso [History Of The Curriculum Of The Brazilian Secondary School, 1838-1971: Research In Progress], Karl M. Lorenz, Ariclê Vechia

Education Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Currículos De 1892 E De 1894: Tentativas De Acomodação Do Currículo De 1890 De Benjamin Constant [The Curricula Of 1892 And 1894: Attempts At Accommodating To The Curriculum Of 1890 Of Benjamin Constant], Karl M. Lorenz, Ariclê Vechia Jan 1991

Currículos De 1892 E De 1894: Tentativas De Acomodação Do Currículo De 1890 De Benjamin Constant [The Curricula Of 1892 And 1894: Attempts At Accommodating To The Curriculum Of 1890 Of Benjamin Constant], Karl M. Lorenz, Ariclê Vechia

Karl M Lorenz

O trabalho relata a historia e analisa os conteúdos dos programas de estudos do Ginasio Nacional (antigo Colégio Pedro II), propostas nas reformas educacionais brasileiras de 1892 de Fernando Lobo e de 1894 de Cassiano do Nascimento, e as compara com a de 1890 de Benjamin Constant. Demonstra que o plano curricular de 1894 manteve o elenco de disciplinas de 1890 e a distribuição das matérias nas series segundo o plano de 1892. No entanto, reduziu a carga horaria total ao nível da proposta em 1890. Estas alterações sugerem que, neste período, o ensino secundário vivia um clima conturbado e ...


Currículos De 1892 E De 1894: Tentativas De Acomodação Do Currículo De 1890 De Benjamin Constant [The Curricula Of 1892 And 1894: Attempts At Accommodating To The Curriculum Of 1890 Of Benjamin Constant], Karl M. Lorenz, Ariclê Vechia Jan 1991

Currículos De 1892 E De 1894: Tentativas De Acomodação Do Currículo De 1890 De Benjamin Constant [The Curricula Of 1892 And 1894: Attempts At Accommodating To The Curriculum Of 1890 Of Benjamin Constant], Karl M. Lorenz, Ariclê Vechia

Education Faculty Publications

O trabalho relata a historia e analisa os conteúdos dos programas de estudos do Gymnasio Nacional (antigo Colégio Pedro II), propostas nas reformas educacionais brasileiras de 1892 de Fernando Lobo e de 1894 de Cassiano do Nascimento, e as compara com a de 1890 de Benjamin Constant. Demonstra que o plano curricular de 1894 manteve o elenco de disciplinas de 1890 e a distribuição das matérias nas series segundo o plano de 1892. No entanto, reduziu a carga horaria total ao nível da proposta em 1890. Estas alterações sugerem que, neste período, o ensino secundário vivia um clima conturbado e ...


Factors Influencing Reading Achievement At The 14-Year-Old Level In 15 Educational Systems, Petra Lietz Dec 1990

Factors Influencing Reading Achievement At The 14-Year-Old Level In 15 Educational Systems, Petra Lietz

Dr Petra Lietz

This thesis investigates student factors influencing reading achievement at the 14 year old level in a cross national comparison of 15 educational systems. It involves secondary analyses of data collected in the 1970-71 Reading Comprehension Study, which was undertaken by the International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement. The previous research into student background factors influencing reading achievement beyond the initial stages of schooling is reviewed and the research questions are operationalised. This is followed by a description of the data set employed to investigate the research questions. The underlying conceptual framework from which a model of individual student ...