Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Education Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 1 - 30 of 45

Full-Text Articles in Education

Instructor Beliefs Related To Technology Use After Professional Development, Bethany Ann Croton Jan 2020

Instructor Beliefs Related To Technology Use After Professional Development, Bethany Ann Croton

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Faculty in higher education often see themselves as researchers and identify less as instructors. The problem is that nearly every profession has embraced technology in new ways, except in the world of education and students need 21st-century skills to be competitive in the workforce. The purpose of this qualitative phenomenological study was to explore instructors' lived experiences and beliefs regarding teaching and technology integration before, during, and after completion of a professional development program at a Midwestern Tier 1 research institute. The study was framed by Rogers's diffusion of innovation theory and the sustainability education academic development framework. The research …


Parents’ Perceptions Of Financial Technology To Support Financial Socialization And Literacy Levels, Patricia M. Page Jan 2020

Parents’ Perceptions Of Financial Technology To Support Financial Socialization And Literacy Levels, Patricia M. Page

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

The current generation of emerging adults are ill-equipped to navigate the evolving financial landscape, which can further exacerbate socioeconomic inequality. Extant research rooted in Gudmunson and Danes’ family financial socialization theory and Brown et al.’s situated cognition theory, which served as the conceptual framework for this study, acknowledged the long-standing influence of parents and authentic learning opportunities on child(ren)’s financial literacy and well-being. This study’s research questions explored parents’ experience with, and perceptions of, a family-managed virtual bank and prepaid debit card service designed for children ages Pre-K through college. The basic qualitative approach and semistructured interviews provided context to …


Teachers’ Attitudes, Beliefs, And Confidence Levels And Technology Integration In Urban Schools, Renée Rousey Jan 2020

Teachers’ Attitudes, Beliefs, And Confidence Levels And Technology Integration In Urban Schools, Renée Rousey

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Many K–12 schools do not exploit the advantages of technology, despite the influx of equipment that can enhance pedagogy and student success. A gap exists in the literature about the extent to which urban teachers’ perceptions influence technology use in the classroom. The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore the ABCs of K–12 teachers regarding technology integration in their classrooms. Rogers’ diffusion of innovation theory and the technological pedagogical content knowledge model were the frameworks for this study. The research questions examined teachers’ intrinsic factors that impact the integration of technology in the urban classroom and the perceptions …


Teacher Characteristics And Blended Learning Adoption In Stem-Focused Charter Schools, Omer Faruk Polat Jan 2020

Teacher Characteristics And Blended Learning Adoption In Stem-Focused Charter Schools, Omer Faruk Polat

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

As an innovative teaching strategy, blended learning provides an environment where students are able to receive individualized instruction based on their needs. Even though the number of schools that adopt blended models of instruction has been increasing nationwide, the number of studies that explore the relationship between teacher characteristics and blended learning use is limited. This quantitative survey study explored the relationship between selected characteristics of teachers and the levels of blended learning adoption in charter schools with science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) focus. The concerns-based adoption model (CBAM) was used as a theoretical lens as it provided tools …


Special Education Teachers' Experiences Integrating Mobile Devices In Their Classroom, Regina Malz Jan 2020

Special Education Teachers' Experiences Integrating Mobile Devices In Their Classroom, Regina Malz

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

The problem for this study is the increasing number of students identified as special need learners in U.S. schools and the critical need to prepare them for success in the 21st century workplace. The purpose of this study was to examine the experiences of special education teachers while they integrate mobile tablets into the classroom. The conceptual framework was based on constructivism, andragogy, experiential learning models and Roger’s diffusion of innovation. The research questions focused on understanding the experiences of special education teachers during their implementation of mobile tablets. This study was a qualitative multiple case study involving the interview …


Effect Of Chemoscan Creation On High School Students' Attitudes Toward Science, Deborah Mcpherson Ezell Jan 2020

Effect Of Chemoscan Creation On High School Students' Attitudes Toward Science, Deborah Mcpherson Ezell

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Whether the activity of creating digital art influences high school students' attitudes toward science is unknown. The purpose of this study was to determine if the creation of artistic digital chemoscans by high school students influences their attitudes toward science. In this study, ninth grade high school students' attitudes toward science were examined after participating in the creation of chemoscans in their science classroom. The theory of affective domain helped explain the process that leads to a person's behavior toward a certain phenomenon in the educational setting. The research questions concerned the use of chemoscan creation in the physical science …


Understanding Calculus Through Maple-Based Dynamic Visualization Tools, Segla Kokou Kossivi Jan 2020

Understanding Calculus Through Maple-Based Dynamic Visualization Tools, Segla Kokou Kossivi

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

First-year college students experience difficulties in understanding the concepts of derivatives and integrals. At the postsecondary level, the use of static visualization and other traditional instruction delivery methods often are unable to meet students' needs in calculus. This problem is current and essential in the field of education and needs consideration to enhance the method of teaching calculus. The rationale for this study was to scrutinize the effects of Maple dynamic visualization instructional activities, within the framework of the animation-visualization theory, on students' conceptual and procedural understanding of differential and integral calculus. The usage of a quantitative 2x2 factorial pretest-posttest …


Teacher Twitter Participation For Reflection On Pedagogical Practices, Jeanette Delgado Jan 2020

Teacher Twitter Participation For Reflection On Pedagogical Practices, Jeanette Delgado

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Classroom teachers’ professional isolation can affect their attitude and performance each day. Research has shown that Twitter is a place where teachers connect, collaborate, and engage. However, few studies have explored teacher participation on Twitter in relation to teacher reflection. The purpose of this qualitative case study was to explore how teacher professional participation on Twitter influences teacher reflection on pedagogical practices. The conceptual framework used in the study was a depth of reflection model and Fischer’s richer ecologies of participation model. The research questions addressed what professional activities 9 K-12 teachers participated in, and how they used Twitter to …


One To One Device Initiative Implementation In A Rural High School In Mississippi, Roxanne Hall Jan 2020

One To One Device Initiative Implementation In A Rural High School In Mississippi, Roxanne Hall

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

AbstractOne-to-one device initiatives provide access to digital learning for students; however, little is known about how this process occurs in rural schools. Implementing a one-to-one device initiative may have positive effects on student access to digital technologies as well as student and teacher efficacy when sufficient training happens beforehand. The purpose of this qualitative case study was to examine the implementation of a one-to-one laptop initiative in a rural high school in Mississippi, focusing on policy development and stakeholder views. The conceptual framework of implementation science and theoretical frameworks of normalization process theory and adaptive implementation guided the research. The …


The Adoption And Use Of Technology By Teachers In The United Arab Emirates, Stanford Adolphus Clarke Jan 2020

The Adoption And Use Of Technology By Teachers In The United Arab Emirates, Stanford Adolphus Clarke

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

AbstractAlthough technology integration in the classroom improves educational outcomes, cultural influences explaining varying integration of teacher technology adoption and use in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) had not been explored. This explanatory sequential mixed-methods study explored the influence of culture on perceptions of, use of, and factors influencing the decision to adopt technology among native Arab-speaking (NAS) and native English-speaking (NES) teachers (Phase 1) at a boys’ secondary school in the UAE and how teachers who exhibit differing levels of adoption make decisions about and use technology in the classroom (Phase 2). The technology adoption model was used as the …


Parental Perceptions Of Mobile Device Learning For Students In Special Education, Persjha T. Conry Jan 2020

Parental Perceptions Of Mobile Device Learning For Students In Special Education, Persjha T. Conry

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

The purpose of this generic qualitative study was to explore parents’ perceptions of the use of mobile devices as tools for learning for their children in special education settings. Research literature on mobile-device use in special education indicates that little is known regarding parents’ perception of mlearning. While studies provided information on teachers’ perspectives of mlearning in their special education classrooms, parents’ perspectives on mlearning to support their children’s needs remained unexplored. The conceptual frameworks used included Rogers’s diffusion of innovation theory and Hoover-Dempsey and Sandler’s theory of parental involvement. Individual semistructured interviews of eight parents of elementary students in …


The Experiences Of Elementary Teachers Regarding Technology Integration In The Classroom, Barbara Jones Jan 2020

The Experiences Of Elementary Teachers Regarding Technology Integration In The Classroom, Barbara Jones

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

At a public elementary school, teachers have been integrating educational technologies in the classroom. The experiences of elementary school teachers regarding technology integration in the classroom have not been examined using a case study. The purpose of this project study was to examine the experiences of elementary school teachers regarding educational technologies used in the classroom. The conceptual framework was Bruner's theory of instruction, which describes that instruction should increase students' ability to understand, transform, and transfer what they are learning. The research questions were about the experiences of teachers regarding the integration of technology in the elementary school classroom. …


Adults' Use Of Mobile Learning Environments While Enrolled In General Educational Development Classes, Tia Wilkinson Jan 2020

Adults' Use Of Mobile Learning Environments While Enrolled In General Educational Development Classes, Tia Wilkinson

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Mobile learning environments (MLEs) offer ubiquitous learning opportunities for adults in General Educational Development (GED) programs. However, MLEs have not been integrated into most adult GED programs; therefore, little is known about the experiences of adult learners who use MLEs as part of their education. The purpose of this basic qualitative study was to explore how adult learners described making connections within MLEs, how they perceived learning with MLEs, and how they expanded their use of MLEs. The principles of connectivism provided the conceptual framework for the study. Participants were 11 adult learners in GED programs in a Southern urban …


Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning, Blogging Groups, And Interpretation In The Literature Classroom, Michael Nester Jan 2020

Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning, Blogging Groups, And Interpretation In The Literature Classroom, Michael Nester

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Community college world literature students are often ill prepared to analyze and interpret passages of creative fiction because traditional, teacher-centric pedagogical approaches do not promote students’ literary interpretive authority. However, a method to fill the interpretation gap remains unclear. The purpose of this qualitative single case study was to explore the efficacy of using computer-supported collaborative learning (CSCL) blogging groups to promote students’ interpretive authority and critical thinking skills. Blending transactional reading theory, social constructivist theory, and transformative learning theory provided the conceptual framework for the study. Participants were 8 students and their instructor from a purposefully selected community college …


Perceptions, Potholes, And Possibilities Of Using Digital Voice Assistants To Differentiate Instructions, Adrian A. Weir Jan 2020

Perceptions, Potholes, And Possibilities Of Using Digital Voice Assistants To Differentiate Instructions, Adrian A. Weir

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Access to technologies and understanding the potential uses of technology to differentiate instruction have been a concern for the teachers and students in a local school district located in the southeastern United States. Despite the emergence of digital voice assistants (DVAs) as tools for instructions, teachers lack knowledge and strategies for using DVAs to differentiate instruction in their classrooms. The purpose of this qualitative study was to identify teacher knowledge and strategies employed among special education (SPED) teachers using DVAs to differentiate instruction in their classrooms. The concepts of Carol Tomlinson’s differentiation theory and Mishra and Koehler’s TPACK framework served …


Instructional Faculty Perspectives On Connectivist Practices In Professional Development Activities, Gary Wayne Hunter Looney Jan 2020

Instructional Faculty Perspectives On Connectivist Practices In Professional Development Activities, Gary Wayne Hunter Looney

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Collaboration among instructional faculty to improve technology use in their teaching is insufficiently studied. The research problem addresses this gap in the literature of faculty collaboration using information and communication technologies (ICT) via professional development courses. The purpose of this qualitative study was to elicit instructional faculty perspectives in a U.S. southeast regional community college about collaboration opportunities and ICT in professional development activities. This study utilized Siemens’ connectivism as the conceptual framework. The three research questions focused on opportunities for collaboration within professional development activities; perceived effectiveness of these activities that incorporated ICT with and without human interaction; and …


Pedagogical, Attitudinal, And Environmental Influences On Student-Centered Technology Practices Of Elementary Teachers, Shanna Renae Opfer Jan 2020

Pedagogical, Attitudinal, And Environmental Influences On Student-Centered Technology Practices Of Elementary Teachers, Shanna Renae Opfer

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

While much is known about individual influences on teacher technology use, there is a lack of research explaining the overlapping factors of pedagogy, attitude, and environment that intersect to influence teachers’ decisions to use student-centered technology. The purpose of this qualitative interpretive descriptive study was to examine how the intersection of these factors influenced the student-centered technology practices of 14 third through fifth grade teachers in faith-based schools across the United States. The study’s conceptual framework was built on both social cognitive theory and first- and second-order barriers to technology use. Data were collected through virtual interviews with participants who …


Motivational Factors Of At-Risk Students In Blended High School Credit Recovery, Tyese L. Parnell Jan 2020

Motivational Factors Of At-Risk Students In Blended High School Credit Recovery, Tyese L. Parnell

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Although the number of high school students taking online courses for an initial course or credit recovery (CR) is growing, it is not clear why at-risk students are not successful in blended CR courses. The purpose of this qualitative multiple case study was to explore teachers’ perceptions and students’ experiences related to at-risk students’ motivation in blended CR courses. Keller’s ARCS model of motivation for instructional design provided the framework for the study. Data were collected from interviews with 2 teachers, 5 students and from 2 school sites, face-to-face classroom observations, and online CR curricula. Data were analyzed through a …


Community College Students' Perspectives On The Use Of Gamification In Online Learning, Techmicial Marie Robinson Jan 2020

Community College Students' Perspectives On The Use Of Gamification In Online Learning, Techmicial Marie Robinson

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Educators are striving to use instructional methods that engage and motivate students in online coursework. Recent studies have not addressed whether the use of games as an instructional strategy is associated with improving students' motivation and engagement to learn at the community college level. The purpose of this qualitative phenomenological study was to explore the lived experiences of community college students regarding motivation and engagement when taking gamified courses online. Davis's technology acceptance model and Blumer's interactionist model framed the study. The research questions explored a description of the lived experiences of community college students taking an online course that …


Public Librarians' Adoption Of Technology In Two Southeastern States, Ashley Ea Dowdy Jan 2020

Public Librarians' Adoption Of Technology In Two Southeastern States, Ashley Ea Dowdy

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Public libraries have become community hubs of technology, changing the responsibilities of public librarians. The problem is a gap between public library technology needs, the skills librarians have with technologies, and the strategies they use to acquire skills. The purpose of this predictive, sequential, explanatory mixed method study was to examine public librarians' attitudes about learning new technology and their behavioral intention to adopt it. Two frameworks guided this study: the unified theory of acceptance and use of technology model and the diffusion of innovations theory. Quantitative data (N= 202) were collected by survey and analyzed through multiple linear regression …


Success Stories: Community College Teachers Using Technology To Engage Online Students, Alice Louise Dieli Jan 2020

Success Stories: Community College Teachers Using Technology To Engage Online Students, Alice Louise Dieli

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

For online students to be engaged in learning process, best practices include teachers using appropriate technology. However, it is unclear how some teachers who initially face challenges to adopting new teaching technology have overcome those challenges, adjusted their instructional practices, and adopted innovative technology to successfully engage students online. The purpose of this case study was to describe how teachers overcame challenges of using instructional technology tools for online learning. Rogers’s diffusion of innovations theory and Kolb’s experiential learning model provided the framework for this study. The research questions explored why teachers initially resisted the use of technology tools in …


Online Learning Challenges For Our U.S. Veterans Unable To Physically Attend College, Cassandra Anne Dove Jan 2020

Online Learning Challenges For Our U.S. Veterans Unable To Physically Attend College, Cassandra Anne Dove

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Many veterans pursue college degrees using their inservice higher education benefits and enroll in universities around the world. However, many of these veterans also begin their higher education with mental and physical disabilities that limit their ability to attend brick and mortar college classrooms. The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore veteran students’ experiences in collegiate online learning. The veterens in this study were restricted from the conventional classroom for various reasons. The conceptual framework included Tinto’s student integration model and Knowles’ andragogy. The research questions in this study inquired about (a) the perceptions of online student veterans …


Teachers' Perceptions Of A One-To-One Teacher Laptop Program And Teacher Technology Efficacy, Johnson Kulangara Jacob Jan 2020

Teachers' Perceptions Of A One-To-One Teacher Laptop Program And Teacher Technology Efficacy, Johnson Kulangara Jacob

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Schools all over the world are embracing technology because they view technology as a catalyst to improve teaching and learning, leading to further investment in technology initiatives for school improvement. The 1:1 teacher laptop program is one such initiative that continues to gain interest and momentum. Despite widespread adoption, teachers continue to face challenges with the use of technology. Furthermore, while research has indicated that teacher technology efficacy is a significant enabling factor for technology use, there is limited evidence for how the 1:1 teacher laptop program has influenced teacher technology efficacy. The purpose of this qualitative pragmatic study was …


Peer-To-Peer E-Learning And Professional Practices Of First-Year Teachers, Brian Keith Green Jan 2020

Peer-To-Peer E-Learning And Professional Practices Of First-Year Teachers, Brian Keith Green

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Students are at an academic disadvantage by having first-year teachers who lack the necessary professional practices and teaching skills. Education leaders need ways to improve professional practice deficits of first-year teachers to address the inequities professional practice deficiencies cause. The purpose of this quantitative, quasi-experimental study was to examine the professional practice differences of first-year teachers who participated in peer-to-peer e-learning to those who did not receive similar training. Participants of this study included first-year teachers (n = 28) who participated in peer-to-peer e-learning throughout their first year of teaching compared to a historical cohort of first-year teachers (n = …


It Security Managers' Strategies For Mitigating Data Breaches In Texas School Districts, Mercy Ikhuoria Nwankwo Jan 2020

It Security Managers' Strategies For Mitigating Data Breaches In Texas School Districts, Mercy Ikhuoria Nwankwo

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

School districts are increasingly becoming a prime target for cybercriminals. As a result, information technology (IT) security managers in Texas school districts are concerned about hackers gaining access to network resources that could lead to data breaches on their network. Grounded in the technology threat avoidance theory, the purpose of this qualitative multiple case study was to explore strategies IT security managers use to mitigate data breaches in school district networks in Texas. The participants comprised 6 IT security managers in 3 Texas school districts whose roles involved managing and implementing data security strategies. Data collection involved conducting semistructured interviews …


Teachers' Use Of Technology In Lesson Planning And Presentation In Palau, Sinton Soalablai Jan 2020

Teachers' Use Of Technology In Lesson Planning And Presentation In Palau, Sinton Soalablai

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

School leaders must balance strong public demand for technology in schools, scarce and increasingly strained public financial resources, lack of research with clear relevance to the local context, and having to respond to real-time demands to make immediate and prudent decisions that affect long-term strategy. In recent years, the Palau Ministry of Education (PMOE) invested heavily in an expensive 1:1 tablet program but had not determined if the program produced the expected positive changes in elementary teachers' instructional delivery. Guided by experiential learning theory, the purpose of this quantitative, causal-comparative study was to determine if the 1:1 tablet program resulted …


Understanding Student Experiences Using Smartphones As Learning Tools, Kayle Gaviola Jan 2020

Understanding Student Experiences Using Smartphones As Learning Tools, Kayle Gaviola

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

While mobile technology is ubiquitous in higher education, facilitating student engagement and learning through educational technology remains minimally understood. The problem this study addressed is the gap in research about how online graduate students utilized smartphone technology for learning and what factors led to their adoption of this technology. The purpose of this basic qualitative study was to explore how mobile learning is being performed through smartphones by education graduate students in the online environment. The unified theory of acceptance and use of technology (UTAUT) was used as the conceptual framework for this study. The research question asked how online …


Instructional Design Techniques Used To Develop Virtual Reality-Based Safety Training In An Industrial Environment, Mia Da'nene Joe Jan 2020

Instructional Design Techniques Used To Develop Virtual Reality-Based Safety Training In An Industrial Environment, Mia Da'nene Joe

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Instructional designers face the challenge of developing strong immersive virtual environments for education. However, there is very little research regarding the study of both the competence and practice of instructional design in the immersive virtual reality environment. The purpose of this qualitative Delphi study was to identify best practices that could be used by instructional designers when designing virtual reality-based safety training in order to improve safety competence and practice in the industrial environment. The conceptual framework for this study was based on the 3 primary groups of learning theory: behaviorism, cognitivism, and constructivism. Guiding questions were specific to the …


Strategies For Teaching Reading Comprehension To Children Of Migrant Workers, Dianne Pennington Jan 2020

Strategies For Teaching Reading Comprehension To Children Of Migrant Workers, Dianne Pennington

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

A high percentage of migrant students are not meeting state content standards in readability and legibility within a small independent school district located in California's Central Valley. Prior research indicates that if a student is not proficient in reading skills by the 5th grade, academic success will not be attained effecting the student, parents, educators, and economics of the community. The purpose of this exploratory qualitative case study was to explore the teaching strategies that were used to help migrant students increase their reading comprehension skills. This study has its theoretical basis in the learning theories of Dewey, Slavin, and …


Improving Motivation In Arabic Language Arts Classrooms Through Technology Integration, Rima Chamout Jan 2020

Improving Motivation In Arabic Language Arts Classrooms Through Technology Integration, Rima Chamout

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Many Lebanese teachers struggle to make the Arabic language enjoyable for their students to learn, therefore many Lebanese children use either French or English in their daily lives. Students' dislike of Arabic affects the way they relate to their society, which causes problems of belonging and identity—an important issue in Lebanese society. The purpose of this qualitative study was to understand how technology can motivate teachers' creativity in their teaching practices and explore student perceptions of learning the Arabic language with the support of technology. Rogers's diffusion of innovation theory and Dörnyei's L2 motivational self-system were used to understand how …