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Full-Text Articles in Education

School Desegregation And Urban Renewal In Norfolk, 1950-1959, Forrest R. (Hap) White Apr 1991

School Desegregation And Urban Renewal In Norfolk, 1950-1959, Forrest R. (Hap) White

Theses and Dissertations in Urban Services - Urban Education

Although a number of scholars have examined the impact that the U.S. Supreme Court's Brown v. Board of Education decision had upon local school policies, there is a paucity of research on what repercussions that decision may have had upon a broad range of other related municipal issues. This historical case study explores the effect that opposition to court ordered school integration had upon the placement of school buildings and urban renewal projects in one Southern city, Norfolk, Virginia, where there was strong reason to believe that the municipal powers of school plant planning, redevelopment, and city planning ...


A Delphi Study To Evaluate The Ability Of Technology Education To Promote Technological Literacy, Kurt R. Helgeson Mar 1991

A Delphi Study To Evaluate The Ability Of Technology Education To Promote Technological Literacy, Kurt R. Helgeson

Culminating Projects in Environmental and Technological Studies

This study was to develop a technology education course curriculum that would promote technological literacy. The curriculum, based on the Minnesota Plan for Industrial Technology Education (1984), was evaluated through the use of a Delphi study.

A review of the literature was conducted to identify the changing needs of society, new educational needs of society and identification of concepts of technological literacy. In addition, disciplines addressing technological literacy, methods of curriculum evaluation and expert with regard to technology education were identified through the literature review.

The curriculum evaluation was accomplished through a two round Delphi Study involving a panel of ...


Relationship Of Perceived Classroom Social Climate And Course Performance In Computer Literacy Classes , Jolyne Lockwood Ghanatabadi Jan 1991

Relationship Of Perceived Classroom Social Climate And Course Performance In Computer Literacy Classes , Jolyne Lockwood Ghanatabadi

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The three conjectures which formed the basis for this study were: (1) People who have more authority and responsibility in a setting tend to see the setting more positively. (2) Perceptions of the classroom social climate may be influenced by factors involving the time class is offered, location of class, and gender of students. (3) Students choose to participate in learning activities when they feel comfortable and challenged within the classroom and in return have lower absentee rates and receive higher course grades;The population selected for the study were 25 sections of the course Introduction to Computer Literacy, which ...


Psychological Type And Preferred Learning Styles Of Institutional Advancement Officers: An Initial Study Using The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator In Three Geographic Areas , Phyllis J. Lepke Jan 1991

Psychological Type And Preferred Learning Styles Of Institutional Advancement Officers: An Initial Study Using The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator In Three Geographic Areas , Phyllis J. Lepke

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator was used to determine the psychological types of 545 institutional advancement officers (alumni administrators, educational fund raisers, public information officers, and senior advancement professionals) who were registered for one district conference of the Council for Advancement and Support of Education (CASE) in 1988, 1989, or 1990. There were 295 respondents from the Northeast (Districts I/II), 155 from the Midwest (District VI), and 95 from the Northwest (District VIII);ENTJ (18.90%) was the most frequent type in the total sample. While the general population is 75 percent Sensing, the advancement sample was 65 percent Intuitives ...


Marketing And Recruiting Efforts Used In Hospitality Education Graduate Programs: Perceptions Of Effectiveness And Influence In Selection Of Graduate Program , Catherine Hemphill Strohbehn Jan 1991

Marketing And Recruiting Efforts Used In Hospitality Education Graduate Programs: Perceptions Of Effectiveness And Influence In Selection Of Graduate Program , Catherine Hemphill Strohbehn

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Two surveys were mailed to administrators and students of 23 identified graduate programs of hospitality education. Response rates of 87% and 47%, respectively, were achieved. A five-point rating scale (5 = very effective, 5 = very important) was used in both surveys;A profile of currently enrolled graduate students and characteristics of graduate programs of hospitality management were identified. Administrators identified the population of graduate students as 53% female, 52% international and 93% master's level. Of the 87 student respondents, 55% were female, 30% were international, and 86% were enrolled in master's programs. Less than half of master's level ...


The Development Of A Mathematical Model For Technology Transfer Potential: A Manufacturing Industry Case , Laode M. Kamaluddin Jan 1991

The Development Of A Mathematical Model For Technology Transfer Potential: A Manufacturing Industry Case , Laode M. Kamaluddin

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

A mathematical model was developed to measure the degree of technology in a given country or countries. The model is based on the regression analysis incorporating a taxonomic method to measure the difference of technological development within a group of countries. Simple linear regression analysis was employed to identify the independent variables showing the strongest relationship to the dependent variable. These variables were then used in controlled studies to investigate causal relationships, i.e., to identify the importance of the technological characteristics influencing the technological level. Second, the independent variables most influencing the dependent variable were selected using the all-regression ...


Experimental Evaluation Of The Effectiveness Of A Computer-Assisted Instructional Unit On Sustainable Agriculture , Gaylan George Scofield Jan 1991

Experimental Evaluation Of The Effectiveness Of A Computer-Assisted Instructional Unit On Sustainable Agriculture , Gaylan George Scofield

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The central purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of an instructional unit on sustainable agriculture using a computer program as a tool to increase environmental awareness, enhance understanding of environmental problems, and promote the resolution of environmental issues in educational settings. The effectiveness of the unit was measured in students' knowledge of sustainable agriculture and both students' and teachers' ratings of the materials contained within the instructional unit;An experimental pretest-posttest design was used in this study. Sixteen Iowa schools (172 students) with agriculture departments who had expressed an interest in field testing the instructional unit were ...


A Comparative Analysis Of Methods Used In Preparation For Occupational Testing , Donald Lee Cox Jan 1991

A Comparative Analysis Of Methods Used In Preparation For Occupational Testing , Donald Lee Cox

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Acceptable and recognized methods utilized to develop competency and prepare for occupational testing are strongly controlled by certifying agencies. Teachers, law enforcement officers, medical personnel and fire fighters, to name a few, operate under specific guidelines for training requirements to qualify for professional certification. Most certification examinations are competency based tests. What methods of preparation a certifying agency recognizes may severely restrict an individual's option to develop competency.;This research thesis specifically investigates fire fighter certification and methods of preparation to develop competency. Over five-hundred Iowa fire fighter candidates from 1989 to 1991 were studied. Written examination scores were ...


Town And Gown, Analysis Of Relationships: Black Hills State University And Spearfish, South Dakota, 1883 To 1991 , Suzanne Wrightfield White Jan 1991

Town And Gown, Analysis Of Relationships: Black Hills State University And Spearfish, South Dakota, 1883 To 1991 , Suzanne Wrightfield White

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The primary purpose of this investigation is to develop a system of analysis to examine the relationship between an institution of higher education and the community in which it resides. A second purpose is to demonstrate the utility of the system by conducting a case study of the relationship between Black Hills State University (BHSU) and Spearfish, SD;The system of analysis includes: (a) five elements of interaction (i.e., event, purpose(s), participants, outcome(s), and interaction type(s); (b) five corresponding questions; (c) two constructed types from the literature; and (d) categorical and supplemental analyses;A list of ...


Professional Competencies Needed By Agriculture Teachers In Hyderabad Division, Sindh, Pakistan , Muhammad Umar Mallah Jan 1991

Professional Competencies Needed By Agriculture Teachers In Hyderabad Division, Sindh, Pakistan , Muhammad Umar Mallah

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study identified 92 professional competencies needed by agriculture teachers. All competencies were considered to be of moderate to high importance;The population for this study consisted of agriculture teachers and headmasters of 50 randomly selected schools in Hyderabad Division and all eight teacher educators at Sindh Agriculture University, Tandojam, Pakistan. A 1-5 point scale was used to access the degree of competence needed by agriculture teachers for each of the 92 competencies included in the instrument. These competencies were grouped into six competency categories. These categories were: (i) program management, (ii) guidance, (iii) professional role and development, (iv) program ...


The Public Service Aspect Of William And Mary's Mission: 1906-1972, Kathryn Jean S. Patterson Jan 1991

The Public Service Aspect Of William And Mary's Mission: 1906-1972, Kathryn Jean S. Patterson

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Teaching, research, and service constitute the three commonly articulated missions of American colleges and universities. The purpose of this study was (1) to examine whether public service is a viable element of the college mission or a marginal activity and (2) to analyze the forces that shape the public service responsibility of a given institution. The specific aspect of public service addressed is the college's role in providing continuing educational opportunities for adults in the surrounding community.;The College of William and Mary in Virginia was selected as a case study because of the wide variations it has undergone ...


4-H'Ers Anticipated And Actual Iowa State Fair Life Skill Experience Outcomes , Debbie Johnson Hall Jan 1991

4-H'Ers Anticipated And Actual Iowa State Fair Life Skill Experience Outcomes , Debbie Johnson Hall

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The objectives of this study were to determine: (1) if the stated state fair objectives for 4-H participants are consistent with the outcomes anticipated by 4-H participants, (2) the relationship of selected descriptive variables to the outcomes anticipated by 4-H participants, (3) the extent to which the stated objectives for 4-H participants are consistent with actual outcomes reported by 4-H participants, and (4) the relationship of selected descriptive variables to the actual outcomes reported by 4-H participants;The sample studied included 4-H'ers with advance entries in the communication department, livestock department, clothing programs and judging contests at the 1989 ...


An Historical Policy Analysis Of Educational Articulation: A Case Study Of The Commonwealth Of Virginia, 1966--1990, Maxine Branch Singleton Jan 1991

An Historical Policy Analysis Of Educational Articulation: A Case Study Of The Commonwealth Of Virginia, 1966--1990, Maxine Branch Singleton

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Articulation was the topic of some educational leaders within Virginia over twenty years ago. More recently, however, the Commonwealth developed statewide articulation.;The procedure used in this research to present the findings of this study involved an examination of various documents. Some of these documents were produced by the State Council of Higher Education for Virginia, the State Board of Education, Minutes of State Council meetings, as well as Minutes of Board of Education meetings. Interviews were another source of data. Interviews were obtained from persons involved in educational articulation in the Commonwealth. A few of the persons interviewed included ...


Development And Feasibility Study Of A Teacher Performance-Based Pay Plan , Terry Andrew Elfrink Jan 1991

Development And Feasibility Study Of A Teacher Performance-Based Pay Plan , Terry Andrew Elfrink

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The primary purpose of this study was to develop a turnkey model of a more comprehensive and accurate merit pay plan based on the total systems approach to teacher evaluation. This study reviewed the current incentive pay literature and validated the need, potential format, variables, and procedures for the development and implementation of the plan's algorithms. Finally, this study examined the cost feasibility of the model in terms of teacher compensation using a California school district's financial infrastructure;The review of literature substantiated three overwhelming reasons for the use of teacher performance-based pay plans: (1) to increase recruitment ...


A Philosophical Analysis Of Conceptual Models Of Nursing , Sandra Courtney Sellers Jan 1991

A Philosophical Analysis Of Conceptual Models Of Nursing , Sandra Courtney Sellers

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Behaviorism, in the form of the Ralph Tyler rationale, has prescribed nursing education curriculum development and the direction of nursing educational thought since the 1950s. Since 1952, nursing theory has focused on the development of numerous nursing paradigms or abstract conceptual nursing models. With the development of nursing theory in the form of conceptual nursing models, some nurse educators have argued that the sanctioned behaviorist educational paradigm in nursing education is incongruent with nursing's current philosophy and are advocating a curriculum revolution in nursing education;This investigation was initiated for the purpose of analyzing the philosophical orientations of the ...


Perceptions Regarding The Infusion Of A Global Perspective Into The Curriculum As Identified By The Faculty Of The College Of Agriculture At Iowa State University , Don Robert King Jan 1991

Perceptions Regarding The Infusion Of A Global Perspective Into The Curriculum As Identified By The Faculty Of The College Of Agriculture At Iowa State University , Don Robert King

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The primary purpose of this study was to assess and analyze perceptions regarding the infusion of a global perspective into the curriculum as identified by the faculty of the College of Agriculture at Iowa State University. An additional purpose was to identify those activities being used by the teaching faculty to add a global perspective to the subject matter areas of agriculture;The study was conducted using descriptive survey methods in the form of a mail questionnaire. The questionnaire consisted of 105 items and was designed to identify the level of importance that instructors placed on internationalizing the curriculum in ...


A Case Study To Investigate The Use Of Computers Across A School Population, Janine Bersan Jan 1991

A Case Study To Investigate The Use Of Computers Across A School Population, Janine Bersan

Theses : Honours

The National Advisory Committee on Computers in Schools (Commonwealth Schools Commission, 1983) recommended to support computing in both government and non-government schools in Australia over 1984 - 1986. This led to the injection of computer resources to schools. The Western Australian Government then provided significant funds for the provision of computer equipment to primary and secondary schools (1987 -1989). Primacy schools in Western Australia now have on average three computers per primary school. The Ministry of Education has produced a policy document on computer use in primary education which clearly outlines goals to be achieved by all primary school teachers and ...


The Transformation Of Madison College Into James Madison University: A Case Study, Emily Gillespie Robertson Jan 1991

The Transformation Of Madison College Into James Madison University: A Case Study, Emily Gillespie Robertson

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purposes of this qualitative study were to investigate the transformation of Madison College, a small Virginia women's state teachers college, into James Madison University, a nationally recognized coeducational, comprehensive university, and to examine the effect of President Ronald E. Carrier's charismatic leadership on the transformation. This metamorphosis took place in just twelve years.;The Strategic Planning Model developed by Kotler and Fox in Strategic Marketing for Educational Institutions (1985) was used as a framework to evaluate the strategic plans used by Madison's administrators to change the institution's image. Criteria for charismatic leadership espoused by Burton ...


An Analysis Of Characteristics Associated With Corporate Colleges, Jean Simpson Rose Jan 1991

An Analysis Of Characteristics Associated With Corporate Colleges, Jean Simpson Rose

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to determine the degree of change in corporate colleges between 1985 and 1989 and to examine the evolution of these institutions to structures and programs which more closely resemble traditional institutions of higher education. A random sample of three institutions was selected for analysis from the first of corporate colleges identified in the Carnegie Study, Corporate Classrooms: The Learning Business, conducted in 1985.;Data collection instruments were sent to 17 of the institutions identified in the Carnegie Study. of the institutions contacted, 11 responded which represented a return rate of 64.7 percent. All ...


An Exception To The Rule: Bank Street College Of Education As An Independent Professional School (1916-1990), Jane M. Bailey Jan 1991

An Exception To The Rule: Bank Street College Of Education As An Independent Professional School (1916-1990), Jane M. Bailey

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This historical case study of Bank Street College of Education examines the organizational arrangement of an independent professional school as an alternative to standard college/university-based schools of education. Bank Street College of Education claims to be a school with a clear, purposeful mission that is organized in a free-standing arrangement. This study tests the efficacy of that claim by looking at five criteria for schools of education: clear mission, strong leadership, consonant external relations, mission-supported research, and strong structure; over five periods of time.;Using Burton Clark's (1971) theory of organizational saga and Grant and Riesman's (1978 ...