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Theses/Dissertations

Iowa State University

Child development

Pre-Elementary, Early Childhood, Kindergarten Teacher Education

Articles 1 - 15 of 15

Full-Text Articles in Education

What Is Make-Believe Play?: Preschool Teachers' Perspectives , Joanna Jennifer Cemore Jan 2005

What Is Make-Believe Play?: Preschool Teachers' Perspectives , Joanna Jennifer Cemore

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this research was to explore preschool teachers' understanding of make-believe play in order to aid understanding and enhance further use of teachers as informants in research on children's play. Participants included preschool teachers (n = 10) and faculty members ( n = 3) who teach early childhood educators. Their descriptions of play and make-believe play were examined through qualitative research methods, including individual interviews. In-depth analysis of the emergent themes used to describe play and make-believe play were conducted. Preschool teachers defined make-believe play as representational play that is intrinsically motivated. This report includes examination of definitions, comparisons between ...


The Battleground In Kindergarten: A Contrast Between Pretend Aggression And Real Aggression In A Full-Day Kindergarten Classroom , Heidi Lin Malloy Jan 2000

The Battleground In Kindergarten: A Contrast Between Pretend Aggression And Real Aggression In A Full-Day Kindergarten Classroom , Heidi Lin Malloy

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to describe the real and pretend aggression exhibited by 20 middle-class children in a full-day kindergarten. A qualitative analysis was used to discover the sequence of aggressive episodes and how children executed aggressive acts within the episodes. Boys displayed the majority of aggressive behaviors, but only a small group of boys consistently participated in both real and pretend aggression. In episodes of pretend aggression, the aggressor was most likely to shoot, threaten, hit, or blow up a person, object, or imaginary character. In contrast, the aggressor was most likely to grab, taunt, name-call, push ...


Maternal Depression Symptomology, Stress, And Behavioral Outcomes In Children: A One Year Longitudinal Study , Tamara Sue Hechtner Jan 2000

Maternal Depression Symptomology, Stress, And Behavioral Outcomes In Children: A One Year Longitudinal Study , Tamara Sue Hechtner

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of the present study is to evaluate the longitudinal effects of maternal depression and stress on children's teacher-rated social skills (i.e., assertion, cooperation, and self-control) and playground observed behaviors (i.e., positive, negative, and nonsocial) in a community setting with low-income families. The current study consisted of 122 mothers and their kindergarten and/or first grade child who participated in a larger longitudinal study examining the transition of Head Start students into elementary school. Families were selected from the transition study if their incomes were less than or equal to 200% of the poverty threshold in ...


Parents' And Educators' Beliefs Regarding Their Influence On Preschool Children's Competencies , Bronwyn Sara Fees Jan 1998

Parents' And Educators' Beliefs Regarding Their Influence On Preschool Children's Competencies , Bronwyn Sara Fees

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Traditionally, parents have been considered the primary source of influence on development in children. However many preschoolers spend substantial portions of their day in child care surrounded by peers. This study surveyed mothers', fathers', (n = 112) and early childhood educators' (n = 30) beliefs regarding their influence relative to other developmental agents (genetics, peers, siblings, and the child's own effort) on six cognitively and socially oriented child competencies. The parents' child (M = 49 months) served as the target child. All children received 30+ hours a week of nonparental care. Mother, father, and child lived within the same household. Ile child ...


The Relation Of Violent And Nonviolent Toys To Play Behavior In Preschoolers , Karen Ellen Goff Jan 1995

The Relation Of Violent And Nonviolent Toys To Play Behavior In Preschoolers , Karen Ellen Goff

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Although play and toys have been shown in the literature to benefit children in a variety of domains, relatively little is known about the effects of specific types of toys on the behavior and attitudes of children. Chapter 1 consolidates research that has attempted to discover the relationship between children's attitudes/behaviors and war toys. Research concerning the benefits of play and toys to children is presented, followed by the opposing viewpoints of aggression theorists regarding this issue. Research supporting each side of the debate is presented. Finally, variables that are likely to affect the war toy-child aggression relationship ...


Older Siblings As Positive Role Models In The Development Of At-Risk Children , Edith Monica Gozali-Lee Jan 1994

Older Siblings As Positive Role Models In The Development Of At-Risk Children , Edith Monica Gozali-Lee

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of the present study is to explore the sibling relationships in low-income families. This study utilized a subsample of a larger longitudinal study and included 35 Head Start and 45 kindergarten children who had older siblings. All subjects were low income. Among the kindergarten children, 29 had attended Head Start. Children were interviewed about their relationships with their older siblings. When a child had more than one older sibling, random sampling was used to select the older sibling on whom to focus the interview. There were no significant differences between Head Start and kindergarten children in their descriptions ...


Early Mathematics Teaching And Learning In Sudanese Families, Azza Moawia Habib Jan 1992

Early Mathematics Teaching And Learning In Sudanese Families, Azza Moawia Habib

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Mother-Father-Child Play: Investigations Of Preschoolers' Home Play Behavior, Parental Involvement And Home Environment , Chittinun Tejagupta Jan 1991

Mother-Father-Child Play: Investigations Of Preschoolers' Home Play Behavior, Parental Involvement And Home Environment , Chittinun Tejagupta

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Relatively few studies have documented the nature of mother-father-child play interactions at home, especially during the preschool years. Based on the ecological approach regarding the relationship of play behavior as a function of the playing child and the play environment (Darvill, 1982), this study investigated the play of 48 3- and 5-year-old boys and girls with their parents in their home. The mother-father-child play was videotaped for 10 minutes and later coded for child's social-cognitive play behaviors and the parental involvement of mother and father. Quality of home environment was measured using the HOME Inventory scale (preschool version);Differences ...


Educators' Beliefs About Kindergarten Practices , Gloysis Mayers Jan 1991

Educators' Beliefs About Kindergarten Practices , Gloysis Mayers

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Educators' beliefs about kindergarten practices were investigated in this study. Subjects were 56 kindergarten teachers, 51 first-grade teachers and 47 principals from Iowa public school districts offering full-day every day kindergarten programs and 46 kindergarten teachers, 43 first-grade teachers and 45 principals from schools offering half-day every day programs. A majority of the kindergarten teachers have 11+ years of kindergarten teaching experience and an elementary (K-6) teaching certification. The Teacher Information Survey and the Teacher Questionnaire addressing teachers' beliefs and instructional classroom practices were completed. Results from ANOVA and the Duncan multiple range test revealed that kindergarten teachers first-grade teachers ...


An Analysis Of Parental Involvement, Least Restrictive Environments, And Preparation Of Personnel In Ecse Classrooms , Debara Sue Forest Jan 1990

An Analysis Of Parental Involvement, Least Restrictive Environments, And Preparation Of Personnel In Ecse Classrooms , Debara Sue Forest

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

A 100% response was achieved (N = 106) on a questionnaire sent to educators in public school early childhood education classrooms in South Dakota. Analysis shows the background/certification of educators is significantly related to twenty of a possible thirty-one opportunities available for parental involvement. There is a relationship between the educational background/certification of the educator and curriculum utilization. The opportunities for children with special needs to interact with children, who are typically developing, show a significant relationship to the educational background/certification of the educator. Opportunities for parental involvement increases the likelihood that there will be opportunities for children ...


Children's Awareness Of The Interaction Of Person, Task And Strategy Variables In Memory And Communication , Gordana Miletić Jan 1985

Children's Awareness Of The Interaction Of Person, Task And Strategy Variables In Memory And Communication , Gordana Miletić

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of the present study was: (1) to look at when children become aware of how different variables presented individually and in combination influence one's memory and communicative performances, and (2) to assess whether or not children's understanding of these variables follows the same pattern of development across memory and communication. The variables tested were: person (who is doing the memorizing/communicating), task (what is to be remembered/communicated) and strategy (how to memorize/communicate);Eighteen 4, 5 and 7-year-old children participated in the study. The stimuli consisted of 18 sets of 3 or 4 different picture ...


Comparison Of Motor Skills Between Gifted And Normal Children , Christine Mayer Burger Jan 1984

Comparison Of Motor Skills Between Gifted And Normal Children , Christine Mayer Burger

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Purpose was to compare motor skills and abilities of gifted and normal children. Subjects were 13 gifted girls, 12 gifted boys, 12 normal girls, and 13 normal boys that were seven years old. Assessments used were the Short Form of the Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency (BOTMP), handwriting samples, laterality measures, anthropometric data, and grip strength measured by hand dynamometer. Data were subjected to a Pearson product-moment correlation analysis and an analysis of variance (ANOVA). Significant differences between gifted and normal subjects were found on individual test items, gross motor ability, fine motor ability, overall motor performance as well as ...


Form And Function As A Basis For Referential Development In Children , Ferol Schricker Menzel Jan 1979

Form And Function As A Basis For Referential Development In Children , Ferol Schricker Menzel

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Relationships Between Parental Behaviors And Children's Moral Reasoning , Ronald Lynn Mullis Jan 1978

Relationships Between Parental Behaviors And Children's Moral Reasoning , Ronald Lynn Mullis

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Effect Of Feedback On Teachers' Assessments Of Young Children's Developmental Status , Dorothy Lee Hutchins Jan 1975

Effect Of Feedback On Teachers' Assessments Of Young Children's Developmental Status , Dorothy Lee Hutchins

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.