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Theses/Dissertations

Iowa State University

1998

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Articles 1 - 30 of 54

Full-Text Articles in Education

Historic Medical Perspectives Of Corseting And Two Physiologic Studies With Reenactors , Colleen Ruby Gau Jan 1998

Historic Medical Perspectives Of Corseting And Two Physiologic Studies With Reenactors , Colleen Ruby Gau

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Safety of historic reenactors was the primary reason for this research. No studies of corseted subjects have been done since the late nineteenth century. Clinical observations about the effects of corsets were numerous in the medical literature; but dress reform efforts by doctors were not effective in changing fashion. Arguments by Dress Reformers did not concentrate on the medical aspects of corseting;Two historic physiologic studies were reproduced using modern equipment. Sixteen subjects took part in lung capacity and comfort assessments, and eight of the subjects had torso pressures measured. When tight-laced three inches less than their natural waist measurement ...


Perceptions Regarding Motivation To Participate In Educational Programs, Awoke Awoke Jan 1998

Perceptions Regarding Motivation To Participate In Educational Programs, Awoke Awoke

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/39707755


A Qualitative Study Of Selected Educational Issues In Nine Hospital-Related Colleges In The United States , Deanne Marie Remer Jan 1998

A Qualitative Study Of Selected Educational Issues In Nine Hospital-Related Colleges In The United States , Deanne Marie Remer

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this qualitative study was to investigate the role of hospital-related allied health colleges in higher education; how changes in the nation's health care system have impacted these colleges; and the leadership characteristics of allied health college presidents. Based on the propositions that health care education and the preparation of a health care workforce are integral parts of our society's health care system, theories of environmental change and organizational development are presented as a theoretical foundation for this study. Four research questions were identified as the focus of exploration for this research study: (1) What impact ...


Secrets Of The Self: The Reconceptualization Of Gender-Role Identity In Contemporary Latter-Day Saint Women , Kelli Jo Kerry Moran Jan 1998

Secrets Of The Self: The Reconceptualization Of Gender-Role Identity In Contemporary Latter-Day Saint Women , Kelli Jo Kerry Moran

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation focuses on the resolution of gender role conflict in female members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS). Contemporary women are faced with contradictory pressures as they strive to develop gender-role identity. As a highly patriarchal religion, cultural pressures within the LDS church increase the paradox surrounding gender roles as women are encouraged to follow traditional gender role patterns. Women with ambitions and talents that do not fall within traditional role expectations are challenged to develop independent conceptions of their gender-role identity. Paradox in gender-roles and gender-role identity results in fragmenting of the self as ...


The C-Test: Usefulness For Measuring Written Language Ability Of Non-Native Speakers Of English In High School, Jongsook Park Jan 1998

The C-Test: Usefulness For Measuring Written Language Ability Of Non-Native Speakers Of English In High School, Jongsook Park

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of the study is to evaluate whether the C-test is useful as a test measuring non-native speakers' ability of written language to help teachers and decision-makers select and place limited English proficient students for English as a Second Language (ESL) instruction in high schools in Iowa. The overall usefulness of the C-test is evaluated by examining individual qualities of test usefulness, or six qualities, in current testing theories: reliability, construct validity, authenticity, interactiveness, impact, and practicality. Chapter 1 of this study reports the background: a need for a test measuring non-native speakers' ability of written language to improve ...


Diffusion Of A Telecommunication And Computing Innovation At Waldorf College , Daniel Herbert Hanson Jan 1998

Diffusion Of A Telecommunication And Computing Innovation At Waldorf College , Daniel Herbert Hanson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The major purpose of this study was to determine the relationships, and how they might change over time, between student perceptions of institutional innovativeness, individual innovativeness and computer anxiety and the diffusion of laptop computers and network access use among students in a small two-year college with a focus on the liberal arts. A second purpose of this study was to provide an investigation and a description of the easily available computer and network learning environment infused at the college;Participants in the study were two groups of Waldorf students. Data were gathered from one group of 216 students after ...


Interdisciplinary Health Professions Education: An Exploration Of Two Programs , Ann M. Valentine Jan 1998

Interdisciplinary Health Professions Education: An Exploration Of Two Programs , Ann M. Valentine

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

In response to economic and demographic forces, health care delivery is changing. These powerful dynamics of change require practitioners from all disciplines to be prepared to work in interdisciplinary teams, to competently access health and information technologies, and to understand the multiple functions required for adequate health care provision (Pew Health Professions Commission, 1995). Therefore, we have reached a juncture at which a careful study of health professions education is essential. This project is an exploratory study of two programs which have been instituted to address the nation's changing health professions workforce, needs. The study is intended to establish ...


Perceptions Of Secondary School Agriculture Teachers In The North Central Region Of The U.S. Regarding Sustainable Agriculture: Implications To Curriculum Development In Agricultural Education, Kehinde Aderemi Ajaiyeoba Agbaje Jan 1998

Perceptions Of Secondary School Agriculture Teachers In The North Central Region Of The U.S. Regarding Sustainable Agriculture: Implications To Curriculum Development In Agricultural Education, Kehinde Aderemi Ajaiyeoba Agbaje

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The major purpose of this study was to determine the perceptions of secondary school agriculture teachers in the North Central Region of the US regarding sustainable agriculture, the extent to which they teach the subject in their curriculum, and the use, credibility, and benefits of selected information sources. A secondary purpose was to develop a model to guide the integration of sustainable agriculture subject matter into the curriculum. Overall, the teachers had positive perceptions and a basic understanding of sustainable agriculture practices. Teachers in this study expressed the desire to incorporate more of the subject into their curriculum if their ...


The Feasibility Of Charter Schools In The United States: A National Study , Ann Ronette Curphey Jan 1998

The Feasibility Of Charter Schools In The United States: A National Study , Ann Ronette Curphey

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this investigation was to do a feasibility study of charter schools in the United States. The states of Arizona, California, Minnesota, and New Mexico were the basis of the research. Most charter schools are free from laws and regulations governing public schools. However, charter schools are accountable for results affecting student achievement. Usually, a charter school's performance is reviewed three to five years after starting. If student achievement is good and results are successful, the charter school remains;Six research questions were answered as a result of the study. (1) What really prompted the charter school ...


Functional Behavioral Assessment: An Evaluation Of Continuing Education Variables Related To Support Staff Use In School Settings , Susan Marie Ward Jan 1998

Functional Behavioral Assessment: An Evaluation Of Continuing Education Variables Related To Support Staff Use In School Settings , Susan Marie Ward

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

There is an increasing need to address behavioral issues in the public schools. School psychologists and other support staff frequently consult with teachers and parents when students exhibit a variety of academic or behavioral problems, yet children with severe emotional disturbance (SED) or behavior disorders (BD) are often considered to present some of the most difficult cases (Shapiro, 1991). School districts are facing growing expectations to include all students; however many support staff do not have the training or resources to implement interventions that are effective for students with histories of aggression, self injury and property destruction (O'Neill, William ...


Prediction Of And Differences In Computer Use: Universal Adoption Of Notebook Computers At Three Undergraduate Institutions , Therese Anderson Corwin Jan 1998

Prediction Of And Differences In Computer Use: Universal Adoption Of Notebook Computers At Three Undergraduate Institutions , Therese Anderson Corwin

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The universal availability of computers through the adoption of notebook computers for faculty by the University is an organizational answer to the adoption of computer technology by faculty. The researcher studied solutions to this problem through a survey of faculty at three undergraduate institutions that adopted notebook computers for their faculty and students;Participants completed a Computer Technology in Teaching (CTIT) questionnaire composed of the above measures as well as demographic and computer-related questions. Faculty received the questionnaire prior to the adoption of notebook computers on three undergraduate campuses. The faculty received the same questionnaire one year later. During the ...


A Qualitative Study Of The Student Culture In A Selected Comprehensive High School In The United States , Charles Milton Green Jan 1998

A Qualitative Study Of The Student Culture In A Selected Comprehensive High School In The United States , Charles Milton Green

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Schools today, especially large comprehensive high schools, are besieged with studies, critiques, and proposals for reform. Many critics have exposed factors that contribute to putting our nation at risk because of its schools. Despite reports targeted on the weaknesses of high school education, constructive attempts are being made to study root causes and implement changes that work to improve and make lasting changes in the schools. As early as 1945, a body of research has focused on improving high schools by fully understanding student culture and promoting ideas and structures which facilitate improvements in student culture. It is believed that ...


An Analysis Of Public School Financial Allocation Policy Alternatives Supported By Selected Education Groups In Iowa , James Richard Scharff Jan 1998

An Analysis Of Public School Financial Allocation Policy Alternatives Supported By Selected Education Groups In Iowa , James Richard Scharff

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this quantitative study was to provide information and assistance to Iowa policy-makers as the July 2001 sunset date approaches for expiration of the current public school funding Law; This study addressed the support for preserving and continuing the current funding policies, or pursuing changes in those policies. Board of education members, superintendents, teachers, and business managers were the subjects of the study (n = 289) as these individuals are charged with the efficient delivery of public education in Iowa;A seven member panel of experts in Iowa school finance developed the survey as an appropriate established instrument was ...


Words And Spaces: A Story Of An American Indian In The Academy , Smokey Mckinney Jan 1998

Words And Spaces: A Story Of An American Indian In The Academy , Smokey Mckinney

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

A new social climate in American society is allowing more American Indians to pursue higher education, and an increase is being seen in the number of Indians attaining graduate degrees and participating in the academy as professors and researchers and authors. But distinct differences between approaches taken by the European-based academy and ways of thinking shared by many American Indian peoples create unique challenges for the Indian person who seeks to be an academic. This dissertation looks into the issues facing the Indian Academic, and argues that the Indian person must pursue multiple avenues of thought and argument to find ...


A Comparison Of Research Findings Obtained Through Focus Group Sessions With Those Acquired Through Surveys , Paul Thomas Hillyer Jan 1998

A Comparison Of Research Findings Obtained Through Focus Group Sessions With Those Acquired Through Surveys , Paul Thomas Hillyer

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study sought to answer the questions: (1) Are there significant differences in the answers gained through focus group sessions and answers gained from surveying the larger population from which the focus group participants were taken? (2) Can focus group findings be generalized to the larger population?;To answer these questions focus group sessions were conducted which asked participants to give their opinions on a teacher evaluation plan that was being piloted in the Mesa, Arizona, public schools. Each of four groups was asked ten questions related to various components of the proposed evaluation model. After each focus group session ...


Health Problems Associated With Women's Fashionable Shoes, 1870-1930, Vicki Lynn Dirksen Jan 1998

Health Problems Associated With Women's Fashionable Shoes, 1870-1930, Vicki Lynn Dirksen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/40262266


Perceptions Regarding Sustainable Agricultural Practices Associated With Weed Management: Implications To Agricultural Extension Education , Dido Guyo Kotile Jan 1998

Perceptions Regarding Sustainable Agricultural Practices Associated With Weed Management: Implications To Agricultural Extension Education , Dido Guyo Kotile

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The main purpose of this study was to determine and analyze farmers' perceptions regarding the adoption of selected sustainable agriculture practices specifically associated with weed control in Iowa. A secondary purpose was to identify the implications to agricultural extension education;The study revealed that farmers use a combination of various weed control methods including chemical control, cultivation, soil fertility management, crop rotation, and crop diversification. Farmers in this study indicated that they were supportive of educational program focused on sustainable agricultural practices. The challenge that faces extension educators is to design educational programs that fit the needs of farmers;Farmers ...


Faculty Computer Self-Efficacy And Integration Of Electronic Communication In Teaching College Courses , Leah Chepngéno Keino Kagima Jan 1998

Faculty Computer Self-Efficacy And Integration Of Electronic Communication In Teaching College Courses , Leah Chepngéno Keino Kagima

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

As technological innovations continue to change and expand, it becomes increasingly necessary to support faculty in adopting innovations to keep up with the educational demands of the 21st century such as the changing learning environments, distance education, computer based course management, and delivery technologies. Recent studies have indicated that successful implementation of educational technologies depends largely on educators who guide the daily experiences of learners. Understanding more about faculty confidence and skills for computer technology use can provide insights for intervention strategies in faculty development efforts. To prepare for this intervention, it is important to identify the extent to which ...


The Effects Of Block Scheduling On The Implementation Of The Nctm Standards, Angela Therese Pierce Jan 1998

The Effects Of Block Scheduling On The Implementation Of The Nctm Standards, Angela Therese Pierce

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/40056286


African American Male Executive Dress : Issues Of Aesthetics, Conformity And Ethnic Identity, Harriet Jean Mcleod Jan 1998

African American Male Executive Dress : Issues Of Aesthetics, Conformity And Ethnic Identity, Harriet Jean Mcleod

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/39284570


An Investigation Of A Manipulative Simulation In The Learning Of Recursive Programming , Randall Wayne Bower Jan 1998

An Investigation Of A Manipulative Simulation In The Learning Of Recursive Programming , Randall Wayne Bower

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Recursion is a fundamentally important topic in Computer Sciences; Even so, it is often omitted in introductory courses, or discussed only briefly. This is likely due, at least in part, to the fact that teaching recursion has been difficult. Perhaps the biggest problem in teaching recursion is that there are few, if any, naturally existing examples of recursion in our lives. However, successful simulations have shown that the computer may hold the key to solving this problem. A simulation of recursion presented to students before formal classroom instruction can provide a foundation of concrete experiences to build upon. The challenge ...


Two Case Studies On Impact Evaluation Of Education Projects , Jooseop Kim Jan 1998

Two Case Studies On Impact Evaluation Of Education Projects , Jooseop Kim

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Primary school enrollment rates in Pakistan are far lower than in countries facing similar economic circumstances. The problem is particularly severe for girls in poor families and rural areas;To address this problem, the Balochistan Education Foundation with technical support from World Bank launched the Urban Girls' Fellowship program in 1994, and the Community Support Program (CSP) in 1992. These programs were instituted in Balochistan Province, the poorest, the least populous, least educated province of Pakistan. The main object of the pilot programs was to increase the enrollment rate for girls;This study evaluates the two programs using experimental and ...


In Their Own Words, "The Impact Of A Freshman Seminar", Kari Ann Ditsworth Jan 1998

In Their Own Words, "The Impact Of A Freshman Seminar", Kari Ann Ditsworth

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Freshman seminars are courses designed to help first year students make the transition from high school to college and help them succeed in the classroom. In 1996, a retention-based program was developed to assist a group of freshman scholarship winners at Iowa State University. The purpose of this study was to describe how attending the Hixson Scholars Seminar: University 111 impacted the students' freshman year experience. Three focus group interviews were conducted with seven seminar participants invited to attend each session. In-depth, detailed descriptions obtained using qualitative methods helped the researcher accurately describe the seminar participants' experiences.;The study addressed ...


Perceptions Of Iowa Beginning Farmers Toward Beginning Farmer Education, Bryan Scott Whitaker Jan 1998

Perceptions Of Iowa Beginning Farmers Toward Beginning Farmer Education, Bryan Scott Whitaker

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/39315404


Perceptions Of Costa Rican Agricultural Employers Regarding Skills And Competencies Needed By Agriculturalists , Xenia Ceville Gray Jan 1998

Perceptions Of Costa Rican Agricultural Employers Regarding Skills And Competencies Needed By Agriculturalists , Xenia Ceville Gray

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

During the last decade a gap has existed between the education offered by institutions of higher education in Latin America in the agricultural sciences and the concrete needs of farmers, potential employers and society. The graduates from colleges and universities in the region are not meeting the needs of agriculturally oriented national/international companies nor the demands from small farmers;The purpose of this study was to determine the knowledge and skills needed by Ingenieros Agronomos with the Licenciatura degree as perceived by their potential employers in the agriculture sector, namely private businesses, government and non-government agencies, and international development ...


The Home Environments Of Children With Disabilities: Implications For Peer Relationships And Self-Determination , Cheryl Lynn Geisthardt Jan 1998

The Home Environments Of Children With Disabilities: Implications For Peer Relationships And Self-Determination , Cheryl Lynn Geisthardt

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The research reported here explores the role of the home environment in the development of peer relationships and skills contributing to self-determination for children with disabilities. More specifically, the roles that parents and the physical environment play in regulating peer relationships and providing opportunities to exert control, make choices and act independently in the home are examined. A literature review and two research studies examining the home environments of children with disabilities are presented;The first study uses qualitative data analysis of in-depth family interviews and home observations to examine the experiences children with disabilities have with peers in the ...


Cultural Synergy: An Analysis Of The Impact Of Gender And Race On The Perceptions Of Administrators And Faculty On Understanding And Managing Diversity In Higher Education , R. Mary Thomas-Gallet Jan 1998

Cultural Synergy: An Analysis Of The Impact Of Gender And Race On The Perceptions Of Administrators And Faculty On Understanding And Managing Diversity In Higher Education , R. Mary Thomas-Gallet

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to examine whether faculty and administrators had different perceptions on the impact of cultural synergy as an approach to understand and manage cultural diversity in higher education. These perceptions were examined to identify whether there was an impact by the respondents' race and gender. The challenges facing higher education in dealing with diversity issues on campus and in the curriculum were discussed in this study and issues such as racism, affirmative action, and employee demographics were reviewed. The cultural synergy approach was examined by looking at various models;The population surveyed included all faculty ...


Assessment Of The United States Information Agency Sponsored University Affiliation Project Between Iowa State University And The National Agriculture University Of Ukraine Using The Concerns-Based Adoption Model (Cbam), Victor A. Udin Jan 1998

Assessment Of The United States Information Agency Sponsored University Affiliation Project Between Iowa State University And The National Agriculture University Of Ukraine Using The Concerns-Based Adoption Model (Cbam), Victor A. Udin

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The problem of this study was to evaluate the success of the Iowa State University (ISU) Linkage project (Crawford & Melnichuk, 1994) at the National Agricultural University of Ukraine (NAUU). The evaluation of the project's success and the educational changes it brought about were accomplished by determining the levels of use of the key elements of this change: the revised curriculum, new methods of teaching, and new teaching materials used at NAUU. This program evaluation research of the Linkage project was conducted based on the Concerns-Based Adoption Model (CBAM). The Levels of Use dimension of the Concerns-Based Adoption Model was applied to determine if the Linkage project was successful;The survey questionnaire consisted of sections describing the NAUU participants': demographic characteristics; knowledge of the English language; understanding of the essence of the Linkage project; awareness of the administrative changes at NAUU; and levels of use of the new curriculum developed as the result of the Linkage project. Statistical analysis revealed that neither demographic characteristics nor administrative reform has a relation to the levels of use of the main results of the Linkage project. The school environment was the only factor ...


An Investigation Of The Distinguishing Characteristics Of Exemplary Trainers In Business And Industry In Zimbabwe , Onward Samuel Mandebvu Jan 1998

An Investigation Of The Distinguishing Characteristics Of Exemplary Trainers In Business And Industry In Zimbabwe , Onward Samuel Mandebvu

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study investigated the demographic, psychological, interpersonal, and attitude and belief characteristics that distinguished exemplary business and industrial trainers (N = 18) and other trainers (N = 70) in Zimbabwe. Additionally, the study investigated whether work experience, academic ability, creativity, trainee-content orientation, and self-perception between the trainers grouped as business, technical, and management trainers significantly differentiated between the groups of trainers. Usable data collected from 88 business and industrial trainers through the Adult Personality Inventory (API), the Attitude and Belief Inventory (ABI), the Trainee-Content Training inventory (T-CT), and the Training Job Competence (TJC) rating scale were analyzed through discriminant analysis and hierarchical ...


Ways Of Knowing And Caring For Older Adults: A Qualitative Study Of Baccalaureate Nursing Students' Perceptions , Debra Diane Braun Franzen Jan 1998

Ways Of Knowing And Caring For Older Adults: A Qualitative Study Of Baccalaureate Nursing Students' Perceptions , Debra Diane Braun Franzen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The growing population of older adults presents many challenges to nursing education. Curriculum design must attend to means that support students in a comprehensive approach to the often complex care that older adults require. The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore how baccalaureate nursing students come to know and understand care for older adults, and apply this student perspective to curriculum and practice issues related to gerontology nursing;Eight recent graduates of a baccalaureate nursing program at a midwestern, private, liberal arts college were individually interviewed at two separate meetings. In addition, a document review was conducted of ...