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Theses/Dissertations

Iowa State University

1991

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Articles 31 - 60 of 89

Full-Text Articles in Education

A Comparative Analysis Of Methods Used In Preparation For Occupational Testing , Donald Lee Cox Jan 1991

A Comparative Analysis Of Methods Used In Preparation For Occupational Testing , Donald Lee Cox

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Acceptable and recognized methods utilized to develop competency and prepare for occupational testing are strongly controlled by certifying agencies. Teachers, law enforcement officers, medical personnel and fire fighters, to name a few, operate under specific guidelines for training requirements to qualify for professional certification. Most certification examinations are competency based tests. What methods of preparation a certifying agency recognizes may severely restrict an individual's option to develop competency.;This research thesis specifically investigates fire fighter certification and methods of preparation to develop competency. Over five-hundred Iowa fire fighter candidates from 1989 to 1991 were studied. Written examination scores were ...


Town And Gown, Analysis Of Relationships: Black Hills State University And Spearfish, South Dakota, 1883 To 1991 , Suzanne Wrightfield White Jan 1991

Town And Gown, Analysis Of Relationships: Black Hills State University And Spearfish, South Dakota, 1883 To 1991 , Suzanne Wrightfield White

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The primary purpose of this investigation is to develop a system of analysis to examine the relationship between an institution of higher education and the community in which it resides. A second purpose is to demonstrate the utility of the system by conducting a case study of the relationship between Black Hills State University (BHSU) and Spearfish, SD;The system of analysis includes: (a) five elements of interaction (i.e., event, purpose(s), participants, outcome(s), and interaction type(s); (b) five corresponding questions; (c) two constructed types from the literature; and (d) categorical and supplemental analyses;A list of ...


Self-Efficacy And Expectancy-Value Influences On University Students' Selection Of Scientific Majors And Careers , Julie Madison Corkery Jan 1991

Self-Efficacy And Expectancy-Value Influences On University Students' Selection Of Scientific Majors And Careers , Julie Madison Corkery

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The study was an investigation of the influences of mathematics achievement, mathematics self-efficacy, and life-styles orientation on university students' career choices. The first group of 249 subjects rated 83 occupations representing Holland's six general occupational themes for their compatibility with meeting leisure and relationship needs both inside and outside the job. The second group of 241 subjects identified the college major and occupation they were considering most and completed the Mathematics Self-Efficacy Scale (MSE) (Betz & Hackett, 1982) and the Life-styles Inventory - Relationship scale (LSI) (Epperson, Lucas, & Zytowski, 1983). They rated the extent of consideration they give to entering 83 occupations representing Holland's six themes. American College Tests - Mathematics (ACT-Math) scores were accessed for 166 of these subjects;Results of the first study confirmed that the three gender-stereotyped Holland themes of particular interest received relationship-compatibility ratings in descending order: Social, Investigative, and ...


Current Status And Needs Of Educational Computer Network System For Secondary Industrial Arts Education In Taiwan, Republic Of China , Hung Jen Yang Jan 1991

Current Status And Needs Of Educational Computer Network System For Secondary Industrial Arts Education In Taiwan, Republic Of China , Hung Jen Yang

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The objectives of this study were (1) to determine the current status of computer use and the existence of computer networks used in secondary schools' industrial arts education, (2) to identify the needs for an educational computer network system that can be used in secondary schools' industrial arts classroom, and (3) to develop an appropriate configuration of educational computer network for secondary schools' industrial arts education in Taiwan;There were two populations for this study. One was the population of industrial arts teachers in secondary schools in Taiwan. The other population was administrators in secondary schools in Taiwan. Two hundred ...


Undergraduate Student Perceptions Of Academic Dishonesty As A Function Of Ethnicity And Religious Participation , Edward Michael Sutton Jan 1991

Undergraduate Student Perceptions Of Academic Dishonesty As A Function Of Ethnicity And Religious Participation , Edward Michael Sutton

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose was to examine undergraduates' perceptions of the nature, frequency, and possible justification of dishonest behaviors in relation to ethnicity (African-American, White American) and religious involvement (low, medium and high);Fifteen dishonest behaviors were presented. Those rated "definitely cheating" were: taking an exam for another student, copying from someone's exam, giving or receiving signals and/or answers during an exam, using unauthorized exam notes, turning in a commercially prepared paper or one written by another student;Behaviors considered "probably cheating" were: bringing information to an exam on a disc, arranging seating in advance to facilitate copying, turning in ...


The Availability And Delivery Of Athletic Training Services In Iowa High Schools, Jamie Lee Butikofer Jan 1991

The Availability And Delivery Of Athletic Training Services In Iowa High Schools, Jamie Lee Butikofer

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/24654534


Factors Associated With Professional Role Socialization Of Nurses , Sharon Monley Hillery Jan 1991

Factors Associated With Professional Role Socialization Of Nurses , Sharon Monley Hillery

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Two hundred eighty-two female RNs from Iowa responded to a mailed questionnaire two years after graduating from: (a) diploma nursing programs; (b) associate degree nursing (ADN) programs; or (c) baccalaureate nursing programs for RN students who had previously graduated from ADN and diploma nursing programs (BSN-RN). Professional role was measured by Stone's (1979) Health Care Professional Attitude Inventory as modified for nurses by Lawler (1988). In addition, a variety of socialization factors were measured. Professional role was found to be associated with socialization factors of age, nursing education, academic achievement, practice setting, and some professional development activities (p. <.05). Nurses with higher professional role scores were more likely to be older, BSN-RN program graduates, with high grade point averages, who practiced in nonhospital settings, and who maintained current professional values and practice standards by reading nursing journals and enrolling in formal academic programs. Professional role was not associated with socioeconomic background, nursing position, perceived influence of reference groups, or the following professional development activities; enrollment in individual courses, membership in American Nurses' Association, and membership in other professional organizations. Based on these results, a preliminary professional nurse role model was proposed which reflects the following thesis. The professional role of the registered nurse is associated with many socialization factors. One socialization factor is participation in ongoing professional development activities. These professional development activities include reading professional nursing journals and enrolling in higher education programs. Age is a variable that interrelates with other socialization factors and also relates to professional role directly. For the older motivated registered nurse, factors that promote autonomy, personal accountability, and independent nursing judgements lead to socialization into the professional role. These factors include practice setting and academic achievement. Nurses come from diverse social backgrounds; their socioeconomic status is not associated with other professional role socialization factors. This model proposes that education is the key variable which links these other socialization factors as well as associating directly with professional role. Successful completion of a baccalaureate nursing program provides the foundation for the other socialization factors leading to internalization and enactment of the professional role for registered nurses.


Professional Competencies Needed By Agriculture Teachers In Hyderabad Division, Sindh, Pakistan , Muhammad Umar Mallah Jan 1991

Professional Competencies Needed By Agriculture Teachers In Hyderabad Division, Sindh, Pakistan , Muhammad Umar Mallah

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study identified 92 professional competencies needed by agriculture teachers. All competencies were considered to be of moderate to high importance;The population for this study consisted of agriculture teachers and headmasters of 50 randomly selected schools in Hyderabad Division and all eight teacher educators at Sindh Agriculture University, Tandojam, Pakistan. A 1-5 point scale was used to access the degree of competence needed by agriculture teachers for each of the 92 competencies included in the instrument. These competencies were grouped into six competency categories. These categories were: (i) program management, (ii) guidance, (iii) professional role and development, (iv) program ...


Estimating Course Difficulty , Daniel James Mundfrom Jan 1991

Estimating Course Difficulty , Daniel James Mundfrom

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The difficulty level of college courses has been identified as a value which varies across courses. A sample of fifty (50) introductory-level college courses was selected and four different measures of course difficulty, (1) perceived difficulty, (2) perceived amount of work, (3) average grade awarded, and (4) average ACT composite of enrolled students, were calculated for each course. The difficulty estimates were examined for consistency for each measure individually, over time, and in comparison with the others. Correlation analysis, multiple regression, factor analysis, hierarchical cluster analysis, and analysis of variance procedures were used. The four measures were combined into one ...


Single-Family Home Ownership Preferences In The Nonmetropolitan North-Central Region , Mary Ann Sward Jan 1991

Single-Family Home Ownership Preferences In The Nonmetropolitan North-Central Region , Mary Ann Sward

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this dissertation is to analyze the differences in stated housing preferences and norms among farm, rural-nonfarm, and small-town households with some assurance that the differences, if any, are not produced by systematic measurement error. The theoretical basis of the research is the housing adjustment model (Morris and Winter, 1978) but the specific form of the analysis is different because the purpose is focused on measurement. The housing adjustment model is based on the idea that norms and preferences influence housing behavior and thereby housing conditions. The measurement-error model, in contrast, is based on the idea that apparent ...


Assessing Moral Reasoning And Career Decision-Making Among Intellectually Precocious Youth , Cheryl E. Wiles Sanders Jan 1991

Assessing Moral Reasoning And Career Decision-Making Among Intellectually Precocious Youth , Cheryl E. Wiles Sanders

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Two separate research projects were conducted to investigate the moral reasoning and career decision-making of intellectually precocious youth. Moral reasoning was examined among 523 highly gifted youth. Two studies were conducted, with Study 2 serving as a replication of Study 1. Results obtained from the Defining Issues Test (DIT), a test purporting to measure moral reasoning, revealed that gifted individuals earned significantly higher moral reasoning scores than did their average ability peers; they also scored higher than college freshmen, 4 to 5 years older. Also examined among the highly gifted were possible correlates of principled moral reasoning: ability (SAT-M, SAT-V ...


An Investigation Of The Educational Environment In The Homes Of Third, Fourth, And Fifth Grade Students And Its Relationship To Pertinent Variables , Drusilla Charity Caudle Jan 1991

An Investigation Of The Educational Environment In The Homes Of Third, Fourth, And Fifth Grade Students And Its Relationship To Pertinent Variables , Drusilla Charity Caudle

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study investigated several dimensions of the educational environment in the homes of third, fourth, and fifth grade students and their relationship to pertinent variables. The instrument used to measure the educational environment in the homes of third, fourth, and fifth grade students was a modified version of the Index of Educational Environment developed by Dave in 1963;The sample in the study consisted of 459 parents and their third, fourth and fifth grade children attending elementary schools located in north central Iowa. There were two objectives in the study: (1) to examine whether or not there is more than ...


Predicting Educational And Occupational Attainment Among Male And Female Teacher Education Students: An Examination Of High School Extracurricular Participation And Other Selected Characteristics , Alyce Ann Holland Jan 1991

Predicting Educational And Occupational Attainment Among Male And Female Teacher Education Students: An Examination Of High School Extracurricular Participation And Other Selected Characteristics , Alyce Ann Holland

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The current study had two components: Study 1 and Study 2. The purpose of Study 1 was to examine variables that predict graduation from the Iowa State University Teacher Education Program among 2,008 prospective teacher education students who were enrolled in a beginning education course. The analyses were conducted separately for male and female students;College grade point average when enrolled in a beginning education course was the strongest predictor of graduation in teacher education for both male and female students. For females, the three best predictors of graduation in teacher education following college grades, were participation in teacher ...


Teacher Performance Evaluation: A Nationwide Status Report Of The Procedures And Models In Use , Richard J. Wiederhold Jan 1991

Teacher Performance Evaluation: A Nationwide Status Report Of The Procedures And Models In Use , Richard J. Wiederhold

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This national study served to provide a status report of the teacher performance evaluation components, procedures and models in use. The mandates relating to teacher performance evaluation were collected from each of the fifty states. These data were analyzed, and nine of the fifty states were identified as mandating the teacher performance evaluation system that the school districts must use. From those states not having mandated systems, there were 700 school districts identified and surveyed. A total of 444 districts, or 63% of the sample, responded to the survey;The analysis of the collected data was designed to identify the ...


An Investigation Into The Roles And Responsibilities Of Chief Unit Administrators Within Multiunit Community College Districts , Judy K. Nissen Jan 1991

An Investigation Into The Roles And Responsibilities Of Chief Unit Administrators Within Multiunit Community College Districts , Judy K. Nissen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to identify the roles and responsibilities of chief unit administrators within multiunit community college districts. In addition, the study also included data about the perceptions chief unit administrators had toward their roles and their relationships with other unit administrators and central office administrators;The sample consisted of nine chief unit administrators in three multiunit community college districts located in Iowa, Missouri, and Nebraska. A qualitative approach was implemented to conduct the study and method triangulation was used to collect the data. The collection of data was accomplished through on-site interviews with chief unit administrators ...


Differences Between Selected Demographic Variables And Nontraditional Age, Degree-Seeking, Undergraduate Student Persistence In Higher Education, Mark Donald Hoffmann Jan 1991

Differences Between Selected Demographic Variables And Nontraditional Age, Degree-Seeking, Undergraduate Student Persistence In Higher Education, Mark Donald Hoffmann

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


An Examination Of School Climate As It Relates To The Classified Staff , Linda Mae Turner Fortenberry Jan 1991

An Examination Of School Climate As It Relates To The Classified Staff , Linda Mae Turner Fortenberry

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The primary purpose of the study was to determine if the school's climate is a pervasive concept or if teachers and classified staff have a different view of life in the school. The study was designed to determine if there were differences in how certified staff view the school and if the perceptions of the school-based classified staff differ by buildings. The study also examined the influence of six selected factors on the perceptions of classified staff;Two hundred fifty-five certified staff members and one hundred ninety-three classified staff members completed the survey instruments. Two instruments were used: (1 ...


Identifying And Analyzing The Factors Utilized By Superintendents In Achieving Their "Personal Best" In Education , David L. Long Jan 1991

Identifying And Analyzing The Factors Utilized By Superintendents In Achieving Their "Personal Best" In Education , David L. Long

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The major purpose of this study was to identify and analyze the factors utilized by superintendents in achieving their "personal best" in education. The data for this study were gathered from fifty-two superintendents from California, Iowa, Missouri, and New York during the months of December 1989 and January 1990. The superintendents each filled out and returned a "Personal Best Survey" from which the data for the study were gleaned;Major findings of this study include: (1) The most frequently used practices utilized by superintendents in achieving their personal best effort were delineated. The most frequently used practice reported by superintendents ...


Attitudes Toward And Adoption Of Dietary Behaviors To Reduce The Risk Of Heart Disease Among Rural Iowa Females, Mary Yang Jan 1991

Attitudes Toward And Adoption Of Dietary Behaviors To Reduce The Risk Of Heart Disease Among Rural Iowa Females, Mary Yang

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


An Investigation Of The Relationship Between Critical Thinking And Moral Development Among Selected College Students, Bradley Scott Badger Jan 1991

An Investigation Of The Relationship Between Critical Thinking And Moral Development Among Selected College Students, Bradley Scott Badger

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


4-H'Ers Anticipated And Actual Iowa State Fair Life Skill Experience Outcomes , Debbie Johnson Hall Jan 1991

4-H'Ers Anticipated And Actual Iowa State Fair Life Skill Experience Outcomes , Debbie Johnson Hall

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The objectives of this study were to determine: (1) if the stated state fair objectives for 4-H participants are consistent with the outcomes anticipated by 4-H participants, (2) the relationship of selected descriptive variables to the outcomes anticipated by 4-H participants, (3) the extent to which the stated objectives for 4-H participants are consistent with actual outcomes reported by 4-H participants, and (4) the relationship of selected descriptive variables to the actual outcomes reported by 4-H participants;The sample studied included 4-H'ers with advance entries in the communication department, livestock department, clothing programs and judging contests at the 1989 ...


Participant Motivation And Satisfaction With Off-Campus Agricultural Credit Programs , Bruce E. Miller Jan 1991

Participant Motivation And Satisfaction With Off-Campus Agricultural Credit Programs , Bruce E. Miller

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The off-campus credit programs in agriculture at Iowa State University were evaluated to determine the motivation for participation and to gain knowledge of the degree to which participant's needs and expectations were being met. The target population was participants in off-campus credit programs in the College of Agriculture;The Education Participation Scale (EPS) was used to determine the motivation for participation. The EPS has been factor analyzed. The factors were: social contact, social stimulation, professional advancement, community service, external expectations, and cognitive interest. The study revealed the cognitive interest factor mean score to be rated highest. All factor mean ...


An Assessment And Analysis Of Agricultural Extension Education Programs In Peru: Implications For Development , Rebecca Brown Mejia Jan 1991

An Assessment And Analysis Of Agricultural Extension Education Programs In Peru: Implications For Development , Rebecca Brown Mejia

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Over the past decades, there has been a decline in the performance of the Peruvian agricultural sector while the importation of food is increasing. The poor performance of the agricultural sector contributes to the decreasing standard of living among the majority of Peruvians and the increasing level of malnutrition and social unrest;The main purposes of this study were to develop a comprehensive profile of institutions which promote agricultural development in Peru and to provide baseline data on the status of the agricultural extension system as a foundation for future related research. A secondary purpose of this study was to ...


Rhetorical Stance In A Humanities-Based Community College Advanced Composition Course, Michelle Gardner Ramthun Jan 1991

Rhetorical Stance In A Humanities-Based Community College Advanced Composition Course, Michelle Gardner Ramthun

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

One mission of the community college is to prepare students for transfer to four-year colleges and universities; therefore, community college English instructors must prepare students to write for upper-level courses in their majors. At four-year institutions, students face writing challenges that they probably would not take on at the community college level.


The Role Of Questions In The Physics Laboratory Classes Of Two Non-Native Speaking Teaching Assistants, Janet Maureen Searls Jan 1991

The Role Of Questions In The Physics Laboratory Classes Of Two Non-Native Speaking Teaching Assistants, Janet Maureen Searls

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Questions play an important role in science laboratory classes. This conclusion was reached following several observations of science and engineering labs at Iowa State University. Almost all interactions involved questions, and some dialogs seemed to contain even more questions than statements. The students and teaching assistants asked each other an impressive number of questions in various forms and for various reasons.

This case study of two introductory physics labs is an outgrowth of observations made for the Graduate College at ISU. It focuses on the questions asked by the international teaching assistants (IT As) in charge of the labs as ...


An Investigation Into The Kinds And Amounts Of Writing Tasks Assigned In Some Black South African Secondary And High Schools, Goodman Thamsanqa Shezi Jan 1991

An Investigation Into The Kinds And Amounts Of Writing Tasks Assigned In Some Black South African Secondary And High Schools, Goodman Thamsanqa Shezi

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Examination Of A Cooperative Learning Supervision Training And Development Model , John M. Niska Jan 1991

Examination Of A Cooperative Learning Supervision Training And Development Model , John M. Niska

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of a Cooperative Learning Supervision Training and Development Model (CLSTD) on the skills, confidence levels, and sense of efficacy of principals supervising cooperative learning. A non-equivalent pretest-posttest control group design with matching was used. Principals in the experimental (CLSTD) group attended two, one day training sessions learning how to collect data, analyze data, and provide feedback about the three major parts of a cooperative lesson. CLSTD principals practiced their new skills on the job as peer coaching teams;Data for this study were gathered from (1) thirteen Iowa principals in ...


Perceptions Of Existing And Desired Institutional Goal Priorities Among Four Major Constituent Groups At A Multi-Campus Community College , Daphanne Lynette Thomas Jan 1991

Perceptions Of Existing And Desired Institutional Goal Priorities Among Four Major Constituent Groups At A Multi-Campus Community College , Daphanne Lynette Thomas

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This research provides an analysis of the perceptions of existing and desired institutional goal priorities at the multi-campus, single-unit, Des Moines Area Community College (DMACC). The purpose of this study was to determine the degree of similarities and differences both between and within key constituent groups--faculty, students, administrators, and trustees--regarding the importance of goal statements from the Community College Goals Inventory (CCGI), developed by the Educational Testing Service (ETS);An one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and t-test from the SPSSx statistical computer package was employed to determine the difference between the constituent groups and campuses. When statistically significant differences were ...


An Investigation Of The Science Content Preparation Of Iowa State University Elementary Education Majors: Relationships Among Secondary And College Course Backgrounds, Attitude Toward Teaching Science, Science Teaching Efficacy, Science Misconceptions, And Science Achievement , Kenneth Wayne Thompson Jan 1991

An Investigation Of The Science Content Preparation Of Iowa State University Elementary Education Majors: Relationships Among Secondary And College Course Backgrounds, Attitude Toward Teaching Science, Science Teaching Efficacy, Science Misconceptions, And Science Achievement , Kenneth Wayne Thompson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The goal of this study was to explore the role that formal science content education plays in the process of educating future elementary teachers of science. The formal science content preparation of elementary education majors was investigated to explore the relationships between secondary school and college science content preparation and science achievement, attitude toward teaching science, science teaching efficacy, selected science misconceptions, and other demographic variables. Some of the instruments utilized included Enoch's and Rigg's Science Teaching Efficacy Belief Instrument Form B, Thompson's and Shrigley's Revised Science Attitude Scale, the ACT Science Reasoning Test, student constructed ...


Etymology-Based Instructional System: Using Hypermedia To Teach The Recognition Of Chinese Characters To Beginning Learners Of Chinese As A Second Language , Shu Hor Jan 1991

Etymology-Based Instructional System: Using Hypermedia To Teach The Recognition Of Chinese Characters To Beginning Learners Of Chinese As A Second Language , Shu Hor

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

As a logographic script, written Chinese conveys meaning directly from its graphic forms. Numerous researchers have suggested the pedagogical strategy of teaching Chinese writing by emphasizing the pictorial features of Chinese characters. This study was conducted to develop and to evaluate an instructional system in which instructional materials are based upon Chinese etymology and presented by hypermedia system;Thirty characters were selected, and pertinent information such as original forms, evolution of shapes, meanings, pronunciations,and applications were included. Presentation of the material, stored on a videodisc, was controlled by a HyperCard program;Twenty-eight beginning learner of Chinese as a second ...