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Full-Text Articles in Education

Relationship Of Perceived Classroom Social Climate And Course Performance In Computer Literacy Classes , Jolyne Lockwood Ghanatabadi Jan 1991

Relationship Of Perceived Classroom Social Climate And Course Performance In Computer Literacy Classes , Jolyne Lockwood Ghanatabadi

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The three conjectures which formed the basis for this study were: (1) People who have more authority and responsibility in a setting tend to see the setting more positively. (2) Perceptions of the classroom social climate may be influenced by factors involving the time class is offered, location of class, and gender of students. (3) Students choose to participate in learning activities when they feel comfortable and challenged within the classroom and in return have lower absentee rates and receive higher course grades;The population selected for the study were 25 sections of the course Introduction to Computer Literacy, which ...


Alcohol/Drug Testing And Employee Assistance Programs As They Affect Candidates At The Iowa Regents Universities In The Job Search Process , Sally Lee Walker Hinders Jan 1991

Alcohol/Drug Testing And Employee Assistance Programs As They Affect Candidates At The Iowa Regents Universities In The Job Search Process , Sally Lee Walker Hinders

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to explore differences in attitudes among employers with regards to twenty EAP components specifically geared toward alcohol and drug abuse; to explore differences in attitudes among pre-employment drug testing and drug testing within the work place; and to identify characteristics conducive to successful EAPs. The survey used to obtain this information was developed by the researcher. Survey items were grounded in previous literature and related studies;Respondents in the research were 458 employers who recruited through the placement services in business and liberal arts and sciences at Iowa State University, University of Iowa, and ...


The Proposal And Partial Validation Of Strategies And Components For Developing Project-Oriented Activities In Elementary Science Classes In Taiwan , Shufen Ellen Wu Jan 1991

The Proposal And Partial Validation Of Strategies And Components For Developing Project-Oriented Activities In Elementary Science Classes In Taiwan , Shufen Ellen Wu

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study was designed to secure plausible framework for Taiwanese elementary teachers to enhance their teaching technique in science. Two major tasks were accomplished. First, Strategies and Components (SC) embraced in industrial arts projects and science activities were identified by reviewing literatures. Then, six categories were adopted to distinguish these traits. Second, the elementary teachers' perspectives, in terms of importance, feasibility, and adoptability, toward these SC(s) were investigated. The second task was accomplished using self-administered questionnaire survey method to collect data related perspectives toward these SC(s). Consequently, 371 elementary teachers from the school district of interest were identified ...


A Case Study Of A Midwestern High School Using Joyce's Model To Implement A Complex School Improvement Innovation: Authentic Assessment , Ann W. Johnson Jan 1991

A Case Study Of A Midwestern High School Using Joyce's Model To Implement A Complex School Improvement Innovation: Authentic Assessment , Ann W. Johnson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The primary purpose of this study was to examine factors that affected the implementation of a complex innovation--authentic assessment and the effect the professional development paradigm consisting of a training design (i.e., theory, demonstration/model, practice, feedback, and coaching) and support structure (i.e., study group and staff development specialists) had on the process. Its specific purposes included: (1) to determine the extent the professional development paradigm influenced the Levels of Use and Stages of Concern, (2) to determine what components of the professional development paradigm enhanced the implementation of the authentic assessment, and (3) to identify factors that ...


Psychological Type And Preferred Learning Styles Of Institutional Advancement Officers: An Initial Study Using The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator In Three Geographic Areas , Phyllis J. Lepke Jan 1991

Psychological Type And Preferred Learning Styles Of Institutional Advancement Officers: An Initial Study Using The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator In Three Geographic Areas , Phyllis J. Lepke

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator was used to determine the psychological types of 545 institutional advancement officers (alumni administrators, educational fund raisers, public information officers, and senior advancement professionals) who were registered for one district conference of the Council for Advancement and Support of Education (CASE) in 1988, 1989, or 1990. There were 295 respondents from the Northeast (Districts I/II), 155 from the Midwest (District VI), and 95 from the Northwest (District VIII);ENTJ (18.90%) was the most frequent type in the total sample. While the general population is 75 percent Sensing, the advancement sample was 65 percent Intuitives ...


Mother-Father-Child Play: Investigations Of Preschoolers' Home Play Behavior, Parental Involvement And Home Environment , Chittinun Tejagupta Jan 1991

Mother-Father-Child Play: Investigations Of Preschoolers' Home Play Behavior, Parental Involvement And Home Environment , Chittinun Tejagupta

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Relatively few studies have documented the nature of mother-father-child play interactions at home, especially during the preschool years. Based on the ecological approach regarding the relationship of play behavior as a function of the playing child and the play environment (Darvill, 1982), this study investigated the play of 48 3- and 5-year-old boys and girls with their parents in their home. The mother-father-child play was videotaped for 10 minutes and later coded for child's social-cognitive play behaviors and the parental involvement of mother and father. Quality of home environment was measured using the HOME Inventory scale (preschool version);Differences ...


A Comparison Study Of The Effectiveness Of A Strategic, Short-Term School Counseling Model And Traditional Counseling Models As Used By Elementary School Counselors , Mary Alice Bruce Christensen Jan 1991

A Comparison Study Of The Effectiveness Of A Strategic, Short-Term School Counseling Model And Traditional Counseling Models As Used By Elementary School Counselors , Mary Alice Bruce Christensen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The major purpose of the study was to compare the effectiveness of the Strategic, Short-Term School Counseling (SSTSC) model and traditional counseling models, as used by trained counselors in the elementary school. Drawing upon the work of family therapists Watzlawick, Weakland, and Fisch (1974) and de Shazer (1985), the researcher specifically proposed the 4-step SSTSC model which utilizes elements of student developmental levels and maximizes inherent capabilities of the school system. Following one individual counseling session, treatment groups were compared. It appeared that students in the SSTSC group improved at a faster rate than did students in the traditional group ...


Preparation And Development Of Vocational Industrial Educators For Secondary School Level In Taiwan, R.O.C. , Ming-Kung Yang Jan 1991

Preparation And Development Of Vocational Industrial Educators For Secondary School Level In Taiwan, R.O.C. , Ming-Kung Yang

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The study investigated the views and perspectives of vocational industrial educators at the secondary school level in Taiwan on various aspects of the preparation and development of vocational personnel and compared the congruence of educators' perceptions in term of preparation and development of educators among school personnel from the northern, central, southern, and eastern parts of Taiwan, among the mechanical, electrical/electronic, chemical, construction, and industrial art families, between public and private school personnel, as well as between administrators and teachers. The design of research primarily concerned four areas: industrial program description and mission, preparation as a vocational educator, continuing ...


Marketing And Recruiting Efforts Used In Hospitality Education Graduate Programs: Perceptions Of Effectiveness And Influence In Selection Of Graduate Program , Catherine Hemphill Strohbehn Jan 1991

Marketing And Recruiting Efforts Used In Hospitality Education Graduate Programs: Perceptions Of Effectiveness And Influence In Selection Of Graduate Program , Catherine Hemphill Strohbehn

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Two surveys were mailed to administrators and students of 23 identified graduate programs of hospitality education. Response rates of 87% and 47%, respectively, were achieved. A five-point rating scale (5 = very effective, 5 = very important) was used in both surveys;A profile of currently enrolled graduate students and characteristics of graduate programs of hospitality management were identified. Administrators identified the population of graduate students as 53% female, 52% international and 93% master's level. Of the 87 student respondents, 55% were female, 30% were international, and 86% were enrolled in master's programs. Less than half of master's level ...


The Implementation And Evaluation Of A Sequential, Structured Approach For Teaching Logowriter To Classroom Teachers , Thomas E. Walsh Jr. Jan 1991

The Implementation And Evaluation Of A Sequential, Structured Approach For Teaching Logowriter To Classroom Teachers , Thomas E. Walsh Jr.

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The goal of this exploratory study was to implement and evaluate a Logo inservice model which focused on effective principles of staff development and emphasized Logo problem solving using teacher-mediated intervention strategies. The model was designed to facilitate teacher use of Logo in their classrooms;Subjects for this study included 19 elementary teachers and media specialists from the Ames Community Schools. Subjects completed The Stages of Concern Questionnaire (SoCQ), the LogoWriter Basic Comprehension Test, END-OF-DAY inventories, and the Inservice Evaluation LogoWriter Workshop Instrument. Additional outcome measures included projects shared during a final inservice sharing session, and questions, worksheets, and tape ...


A Comparative Analysis Of Methods Used In Preparation For Occupational Testing , Donald Lee Cox Jan 1991

A Comparative Analysis Of Methods Used In Preparation For Occupational Testing , Donald Lee Cox

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Acceptable and recognized methods utilized to develop competency and prepare for occupational testing are strongly controlled by certifying agencies. Teachers, law enforcement officers, medical personnel and fire fighters, to name a few, operate under specific guidelines for training requirements to qualify for professional certification. Most certification examinations are competency based tests. What methods of preparation a certifying agency recognizes may severely restrict an individual's option to develop competency.;This research thesis specifically investigates fire fighter certification and methods of preparation to develop competency. Over five-hundred Iowa fire fighter candidates from 1989 to 1991 were studied. Written examination scores were ...


Self-Efficacy And Expectancy-Value Influences On University Students' Selection Of Scientific Majors And Careers , Julie Madison Corkery Jan 1991

Self-Efficacy And Expectancy-Value Influences On University Students' Selection Of Scientific Majors And Careers , Julie Madison Corkery

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The study was an investigation of the influences of mathematics achievement, mathematics self-efficacy, and life-styles orientation on university students' career choices. The first group of 249 subjects rated 83 occupations representing Holland's six general occupational themes for their compatibility with meeting leisure and relationship needs both inside and outside the job. The second group of 241 subjects identified the college major and occupation they were considering most and completed the Mathematics Self-Efficacy Scale (MSE) (Betz & Hackett, 1982) and the Life-styles Inventory - Relationship scale (LSI) (Epperson, Lucas, & Zytowski, 1983). They rated the extent of consideration they give to entering 83 occupations representing Holland's six themes. American College Tests - Mathematics (ACT-Math) scores were accessed for 166 of these subjects;Results of the first study confirmed that the three gender-stereotyped Holland themes of particular interest received relationship-compatibility ratings in descending order: Social, Investigative, and ...


Undergraduate Student Perceptions Of Academic Dishonesty As A Function Of Ethnicity And Religious Participation , Edward Michael Sutton Jan 1991

Undergraduate Student Perceptions Of Academic Dishonesty As A Function Of Ethnicity And Religious Participation , Edward Michael Sutton

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose was to examine undergraduates' perceptions of the nature, frequency, and possible justification of dishonest behaviors in relation to ethnicity (African-American, White American) and religious involvement (low, medium and high);Fifteen dishonest behaviors were presented. Those rated "definitely cheating" were: taking an exam for another student, copying from someone's exam, giving or receiving signals and/or answers during an exam, using unauthorized exam notes, turning in a commercially prepared paper or one written by another student;Behaviors considered "probably cheating" were: bringing information to an exam on a disc, arranging seating in advance to facilitate copying, turning in ...


Factors Associated With Professional Role Socialization Of Nurses , Sharon Monley Hillery Jan 1991

Factors Associated With Professional Role Socialization Of Nurses , Sharon Monley Hillery

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Two hundred eighty-two female RNs from Iowa responded to a mailed questionnaire two years after graduating from: (a) diploma nursing programs; (b) associate degree nursing (ADN) programs; or (c) baccalaureate nursing programs for RN students who had previously graduated from ADN and diploma nursing programs (BSN-RN). Professional role was measured by Stone's (1979) Health Care Professional Attitude Inventory as modified for nurses by Lawler (1988). In addition, a variety of socialization factors were measured. Professional role was found to be associated with socialization factors of age, nursing education, academic achievement, practice setting, and some professional development activities (p. <.05). Nurses with higher professional role scores were more likely to be older, BSN-RN program graduates, with high grade point averages, who practiced in nonhospital settings, and who maintained current professional values and practice standards by reading nursing journals and enrolling in formal academic programs. Professional role was not associated with socioeconomic background, nursing position, perceived influence of reference groups, or the following professional development activities; enrollment in individual courses, membership in American Nurses' Association, and membership in other professional organizations. Based on these results, a preliminary professional nurse role model was proposed which reflects the following thesis. The professional role of the registered nurse is associated with many socialization factors. One socialization factor is participation in ongoing professional development activities. These professional development activities include reading professional nursing journals and enrolling in higher education programs. Age is a variable that interrelates with other socialization factors and also relates to professional role directly. For the older motivated registered nurse, factors that promote autonomy, personal accountability, and independent nursing judgements lead to socialization into the professional role. These factors include practice setting and academic achievement. Nurses come from diverse social backgrounds; their socioeconomic status is not associated with other professional role socialization factors. This model proposes that education is the key variable which links these other socialization factors as well as associating directly with professional role. Successful completion of a baccalaureate nursing program provides the foundation for the other socialization factors leading to internalization and enactment of the professional role for registered nurses.


Predicting Educational And Occupational Attainment Among Male And Female Teacher Education Students: An Examination Of High School Extracurricular Participation And Other Selected Characteristics , Alyce Ann Holland Jan 1991

Predicting Educational And Occupational Attainment Among Male And Female Teacher Education Students: An Examination Of High School Extracurricular Participation And Other Selected Characteristics , Alyce Ann Holland

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The current study had two components: Study 1 and Study 2. The purpose of Study 1 was to examine variables that predict graduation from the Iowa State University Teacher Education Program among 2,008 prospective teacher education students who were enrolled in a beginning education course. The analyses were conducted separately for male and female students;College grade point average when enrolled in a beginning education course was the strongest predictor of graduation in teacher education for both male and female students. For females, the three best predictors of graduation in teacher education following college grades, were participation in teacher ...


Participant Motivation And Satisfaction With Off-Campus Agricultural Credit Programs , Bruce E. Miller Jan 1991

Participant Motivation And Satisfaction With Off-Campus Agricultural Credit Programs , Bruce E. Miller

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The off-campus credit programs in agriculture at Iowa State University were evaluated to determine the motivation for participation and to gain knowledge of the degree to which participant's needs and expectations were being met. The target population was participants in off-campus credit programs in the College of Agriculture;The Education Participation Scale (EPS) was used to determine the motivation for participation. The EPS has been factor analyzed. The factors were: social contact, social stimulation, professional advancement, community service, external expectations, and cognitive interest. The study revealed the cognitive interest factor mean score to be rated highest. All factor mean ...


An Assessment And Analysis Of Agricultural Extension Education Programs In Peru: Implications For Development , Rebecca Brown Mejia Jan 1991

An Assessment And Analysis Of Agricultural Extension Education Programs In Peru: Implications For Development , Rebecca Brown Mejia

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Over the past decades, there has been a decline in the performance of the Peruvian agricultural sector while the importation of food is increasing. The poor performance of the agricultural sector contributes to the decreasing standard of living among the majority of Peruvians and the increasing level of malnutrition and social unrest;The main purposes of this study were to develop a comprehensive profile of institutions which promote agricultural development in Peru and to provide baseline data on the status of the agricultural extension system as a foundation for future related research. A secondary purpose of this study was to ...


Rhetorical Stance In A Humanities-Based Community College Advanced Composition Course, Michelle Gardner Ramthun Jan 1991

Rhetorical Stance In A Humanities-Based Community College Advanced Composition Course, Michelle Gardner Ramthun

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

One mission of the community college is to prepare students for transfer to four-year colleges and universities; therefore, community college English instructors must prepare students to write for upper-level courses in their majors. At four-year institutions, students face writing challenges that they probably would not take on at the community college level.


The Role Of Questions In The Physics Laboratory Classes Of Two Non-Native Speaking Teaching Assistants, Janet Maureen Searls Jan 1991

The Role Of Questions In The Physics Laboratory Classes Of Two Non-Native Speaking Teaching Assistants, Janet Maureen Searls

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Questions play an important role in science laboratory classes. This conclusion was reached following several observations of science and engineering labs at Iowa State University. Almost all interactions involved questions, and some dialogs seemed to contain even more questions than statements. The students and teaching assistants asked each other an impressive number of questions in various forms and for various reasons.

This case study of two introductory physics labs is an outgrowth of observations made for the Graduate College at ISU. It focuses on the questions asked by the international teaching assistants (IT As) in charge of the labs as ...


Examination Of A Cooperative Learning Supervision Training And Development Model , John M. Niska Jan 1991

Examination Of A Cooperative Learning Supervision Training And Development Model , John M. Niska

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of a Cooperative Learning Supervision Training and Development Model (CLSTD) on the skills, confidence levels, and sense of efficacy of principals supervising cooperative learning. A non-equivalent pretest-posttest control group design with matching was used. Principals in the experimental (CLSTD) group attended two, one day training sessions learning how to collect data, analyze data, and provide feedback about the three major parts of a cooperative lesson. CLSTD principals practiced their new skills on the job as peer coaching teams;Data for this study were gathered from (1) thirteen Iowa principals in ...


An Investigation Of The Science Content Preparation Of Iowa State University Elementary Education Majors: Relationships Among Secondary And College Course Backgrounds, Attitude Toward Teaching Science, Science Teaching Efficacy, Science Misconceptions, And Science Achievement , Kenneth Wayne Thompson Jan 1991

An Investigation Of The Science Content Preparation Of Iowa State University Elementary Education Majors: Relationships Among Secondary And College Course Backgrounds, Attitude Toward Teaching Science, Science Teaching Efficacy, Science Misconceptions, And Science Achievement , Kenneth Wayne Thompson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The goal of this study was to explore the role that formal science content education plays in the process of educating future elementary teachers of science. The formal science content preparation of elementary education majors was investigated to explore the relationships between secondary school and college science content preparation and science achievement, attitude toward teaching science, science teaching efficacy, selected science misconceptions, and other demographic variables. Some of the instruments utilized included Enoch's and Rigg's Science Teaching Efficacy Belief Instrument Form B, Thompson's and Shrigley's Revised Science Attitude Scale, the ACT Science Reasoning Test, student constructed ...


Educators' Beliefs About Kindergarten Practices , Gloysis Mayers Jan 1991

Educators' Beliefs About Kindergarten Practices , Gloysis Mayers

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Educators' beliefs about kindergarten practices were investigated in this study. Subjects were 56 kindergarten teachers, 51 first-grade teachers and 47 principals from Iowa public school districts offering full-day every day kindergarten programs and 46 kindergarten teachers, 43 first-grade teachers and 45 principals from schools offering half-day every day programs. A majority of the kindergarten teachers have 11+ years of kindergarten teaching experience and an elementary (K-6) teaching certification. The Teacher Information Survey and the Teacher Questionnaire addressing teachers' beliefs and instructional classroom practices were completed. Results from ANOVA and the Duncan multiple range test revealed that kindergarten teachers first-grade teachers ...


An Analysis Of Fifty-One Computer Modules Designed To Enhance The Knowledge, Skills, And Attitudes Needed By Teacher Education Students , Patricia Crenshaw Elmore Jan 1991

An Analysis Of Fifty-One Computer Modules Designed To Enhance The Knowledge, Skills, And Attitudes Needed By Teacher Education Students , Patricia Crenshaw Elmore

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation analyzes and reports the findings of student reactions to a set of 51 computer modules called Performance Element Modules (PEMs). These modules focused on selected knowledge, skills, and attitudes needed by teacher education students at a midwestern university. The major purpose of the study was to assess whether students will accept the 51 computer-assisted modules as viable instructional tools;The questionnaires were designed to collect forced-choice and open-ended data as well as demographic data. Students rated the forced-choice items on a scale of 1 to 10. The higher the number, the more the students agreed with the statement ...


An Investigation Into Factors Affecting Academic Success Associated With On-Campus And Off-Campus Living Experiences For African-American Undergraduate Students At Iowa State University , Valencia Fields Jan 1991

An Investigation Into Factors Affecting Academic Success Associated With On-Campus And Off-Campus Living Experiences For African-American Undergraduate Students At Iowa State University , Valencia Fields

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this case study was to determine if on-campus versus off-campus housing location affected academic achievement among African-American students. The major objective was to survey and provide information on the different types of accommodations, African-American students' concerns, and how these affected their academic achievement. The results of this study indicated that there is no significant difference between the academic performance of African-American students residing on-campus and those who lived off-campus using grade point average as a measure. However, a relationship existed between the students' Scholastic Aptitude and American College Testing scores and their academic performance (GPA);The interviews ...


Inservice Training For Incorporating Environmental Education Into The Industrial/Vocational Education System At The Secondary Education Level In Taiwan The Roc , Ruey-Gwo Chung Jan 1991

Inservice Training For Incorporating Environmental Education Into The Industrial/Vocational Education System At The Secondary Education Level In Taiwan The Roc , Ruey-Gwo Chung

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to develop a sequential procedural steps of inservice training of environmental education for industrial/vocational senior high school teachers in Taiwan R.O.C. The study investigated the attitudes and needs of teachers in terms of inservice training for environmental education. It also investigated teachers' perceptions of content, formats, time preferences, teaching methods, and administrative support for inservice training. The samples of the study consisted of 381 industrial/vocational senior high school teachers in Taiwan R.O.C;Twelve hypotheses were tested at the 0.05 level of significance. Seven revealed significant difference and ...


A Study Of Summative Teacher Performance Evaluation Instruments , Felicia Ann Blacher-Rick Jan 1991

A Study Of Summative Teacher Performance Evaluation Instruments , Felicia Ann Blacher-Rick

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study made a critical analysis of summative teacher performance evaluation instruments used nationally in public school systems. The investigation involved identifying in the literature the types of instruments used, the types of rating scales and response modes used, and the merits of the comment section that may be found on the evaluation document. The following purposes provided the framework for the investigation: (1) To determine the degree to which school systems were using summative teacher performance evaluation instruments. (2) To determine the current status of teacher performance evaluation instruments used nationally by ascertaining: (a) the kinds of instruments being ...