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Full-Text Articles in Education

Developing And Testing The Feasibility Of A Microcomputer System For Assisting In Evaluation And Supervision For Principal Performance Improvement , Rosemary D. Noel Jan 1991

Developing And Testing The Feasibility Of A Microcomputer System For Assisting In Evaluation And Supervision For Principal Performance Improvement , Rosemary D. Noel

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study was conducted to test the feasibility of modifying the CATE/S microcomputer system from a teacher evaluation tool to one to assist in the evaluation and improvement of principal performance. The development of a bank of professional growth plans to be generated from the modified, software package and a substantive review of the literature were also contributions to the field of knowledge. Two circumstances that served as motivational factors initiating this study were the need for increased accountability, resulting in a quest for improved principal performance evaluation, and the research finding that effective instruction is strongly related to ...


Psychological Type And Preferred Learning Styles Of Institutional Advancement Officers: An Initial Study Using The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator In Three Geographic Areas , Phyllis J. Lepke Jan 1991

Psychological Type And Preferred Learning Styles Of Institutional Advancement Officers: An Initial Study Using The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator In Three Geographic Areas , Phyllis J. Lepke

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator was used to determine the psychological types of 545 institutional advancement officers (alumni administrators, educational fund raisers, public information officers, and senior advancement professionals) who were registered for one district conference of the Council for Advancement and Support of Education (CASE) in 1988, 1989, or 1990. There were 295 respondents from the Northeast (Districts I/II), 155 from the Midwest (District VI), and 95 from the Northwest (District VIII);ENTJ (18.90%) was the most frequent type in the total sample. While the general population is 75 percent Sensing, the advancement sample was 65 percent Intuitives ...


The Reduction Of Computer Anxiety: Its Relation To Relaxation Training, Previous Computer Training, Achievement And Need For Cognition , Matthew M. Maurer Jan 1991

The Reduction Of Computer Anxiety: Its Relation To Relaxation Training, Previous Computer Training, Achievement And Need For Cognition , Matthew M. Maurer

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study examined computer anxiety and its relationship to four areas: computer literacy training, relaxation exercises, achievement and the personality variable "need for cognition." Subjects were college students in a semester long computer literacy course that was part of a teacher preparation program. Computer anxiety was measured using the Computer Anxiety Index (CAIN). The CAIN was taken by students at three times in the semester, at the beginning of the course, after six weeks, and at the end of the course. Need for cognition was measured using the Need for Cognition Scale and it was taken by students during the ...


Economic Hardship, Family Relationships, And Adolescent Distress , Camilla Siu-Na Ho Jan 1991

Economic Hardship, Family Relationships, And Adolescent Distress , Camilla Siu-Na Ho

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Adolescence is a period characterized by multiple life changes. Biological, psychological, and social factors interact at an accelerated rate to shape the adolescent's development. Additional life stress during this time is especially detrimental to the psychological well-being of a person. Not only is economic hardship directly harmful to the socioemotional development of the adolescent, it may exert indirect damaging effects on the adolescent through its adverse effects on the family supporting system of the adolescent. This dissertation aims to (1) examine existing literature on the relationship between life changes and stress during adolescence, (2) examine existing literature on the ...


Mother-Father-Child Play: Investigations Of Preschoolers' Home Play Behavior, Parental Involvement And Home Environment , Chittinun Tejagupta Jan 1991

Mother-Father-Child Play: Investigations Of Preschoolers' Home Play Behavior, Parental Involvement And Home Environment , Chittinun Tejagupta

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Relatively few studies have documented the nature of mother-father-child play interactions at home, especially during the preschool years. Based on the ecological approach regarding the relationship of play behavior as a function of the playing child and the play environment (Darvill, 1982), this study investigated the play of 48 3- and 5-year-old boys and girls with their parents in their home. The mother-father-child play was videotaped for 10 minutes and later coded for child's social-cognitive play behaviors and the parental involvement of mother and father. Quality of home environment was measured using the HOME Inventory scale (preschool version);Differences ...


A Cluster Analytic Approach To Interest Measurement With The Act Interest Inventory , David Clay Barnett Jan 1991

A Cluster Analytic Approach To Interest Measurement With The Act Interest Inventory , David Clay Barnett

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The study attempted to identify, replicate and validate subgroups of high school students based on similarity of their responses to items of the ACT-Interest Inventory. A data set collected in 1973 and in 1976-1979 by the American College Testing Program/Institute for Demographic and Economic Studies was used for this study. Random samples were selected and clustered with two hierarchical cluster analysis techniques (Ward's method and average linkage method). Average linkage did not yield a meaningful structure. A six-group solution was selected from Ward's method results for further study. Evidence for replicability of the clusters across samples was ...


A Comparison Study Of The Effectiveness Of A Strategic, Short-Term School Counseling Model And Traditional Counseling Models As Used By Elementary School Counselors , Mary Alice Bruce Christensen Jan 1991

A Comparison Study Of The Effectiveness Of A Strategic, Short-Term School Counseling Model And Traditional Counseling Models As Used By Elementary School Counselors , Mary Alice Bruce Christensen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The major purpose of the study was to compare the effectiveness of the Strategic, Short-Term School Counseling (SSTSC) model and traditional counseling models, as used by trained counselors in the elementary school. Drawing upon the work of family therapists Watzlawick, Weakland, and Fisch (1974) and de Shazer (1985), the researcher specifically proposed the 4-step SSTSC model which utilizes elements of student developmental levels and maximizes inherent capabilities of the school system. Following one individual counseling session, treatment groups were compared. It appeared that students in the SSTSC group improved at a faster rate than did students in the traditional group ...


Counseling Ethics And Practice: Student Understanding Of The Ethical Practices Of Counseling And Psychotherapy, Jon Michael Schwabach Jan 1991

Counseling Ethics And Practice: Student Understanding Of The Ethical Practices Of Counseling And Psychotherapy, Jon Michael Schwabach

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


The Implementation And Evaluation Of A Sequential, Structured Approach For Teaching Logowriter To Classroom Teachers , Thomas E. Walsh Jr. Jan 1991

The Implementation And Evaluation Of A Sequential, Structured Approach For Teaching Logowriter To Classroom Teachers , Thomas E. Walsh Jr.

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The goal of this exploratory study was to implement and evaluate a Logo inservice model which focused on effective principles of staff development and emphasized Logo problem solving using teacher-mediated intervention strategies. The model was designed to facilitate teacher use of Logo in their classrooms;Subjects for this study included 19 elementary teachers and media specialists from the Ames Community Schools. Subjects completed The Stages of Concern Questionnaire (SoCQ), the LogoWriter Basic Comprehension Test, END-OF-DAY inventories, and the Inservice Evaluation LogoWriter Workshop Instrument. Additional outcome measures included projects shared during a final inservice sharing session, and questions, worksheets, and tape ...


The Development Of A Mathematical Model For Technology Transfer Potential: A Manufacturing Industry Case , Laode M. Kamaluddin Jan 1991

The Development Of A Mathematical Model For Technology Transfer Potential: A Manufacturing Industry Case , Laode M. Kamaluddin

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

A mathematical model was developed to measure the degree of technology in a given country or countries. The model is based on the regression analysis incorporating a taxonomic method to measure the difference of technological development within a group of countries. Simple linear regression analysis was employed to identify the independent variables showing the strongest relationship to the dependent variable. These variables were then used in controlled studies to investigate causal relationships, i.e., to identify the importance of the technological characteristics influencing the technological level. Second, the independent variables most influencing the dependent variable were selected using the all-regression ...


The Relationship Between Black Male Student-Athletes Retention And Graduation Rates At A Predominantly White Institution, Dennis Ross Jan 1991

The Relationship Between Black Male Student-Athletes Retention And Graduation Rates At A Predominantly White Institution, Dennis Ross

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Evaluation Of Korean English Textbooks At Secondary Level, Yuhsoon Park Jan 1991

Evaluation Of Korean English Textbooks At Secondary Level, Yuhsoon Park

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Experimental Evaluation Of The Effectiveness Of A Computer-Assisted Instructional Unit On Sustainable Agriculture , Gaylan George Scofield Jan 1991

Experimental Evaluation Of The Effectiveness Of A Computer-Assisted Instructional Unit On Sustainable Agriculture , Gaylan George Scofield

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The central purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of an instructional unit on sustainable agriculture using a computer program as a tool to increase environmental awareness, enhance understanding of environmental problems, and promote the resolution of environmental issues in educational settings. The effectiveness of the unit was measured in students' knowledge of sustainable agriculture and both students' and teachers' ratings of the materials contained within the instructional unit;An experimental pretest-posttest design was used in this study. Sixteen Iowa schools (172 students) with agriculture departments who had expressed an interest in field testing the instructional unit were ...


The Perceptions Of Iowa Young Farmers Regarding The Role Of International Agriculture In Agricultural Education In Iowa, Kamal Eldin Ali Elbashir Jan 1991

The Perceptions Of Iowa Young Farmers Regarding The Role Of International Agriculture In Agricultural Education In Iowa, Kamal Eldin Ali Elbashir

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Town And Gown, Analysis Of Relationships: Black Hills State University And Spearfish, South Dakota, 1883 To 1991 , Suzanne Wrightfield White Jan 1991

Town And Gown, Analysis Of Relationships: Black Hills State University And Spearfish, South Dakota, 1883 To 1991 , Suzanne Wrightfield White

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The primary purpose of this investigation is to develop a system of analysis to examine the relationship between an institution of higher education and the community in which it resides. A second purpose is to demonstrate the utility of the system by conducting a case study of the relationship between Black Hills State University (BHSU) and Spearfish, SD;The system of analysis includes: (a) five elements of interaction (i.e., event, purpose(s), participants, outcome(s), and interaction type(s); (b) five corresponding questions; (c) two constructed types from the literature; and (d) categorical and supplemental analyses;A list of ...


Current Status And Needs Of Educational Computer Network System For Secondary Industrial Arts Education In Taiwan, Republic Of China , Hung Jen Yang Jan 1991

Current Status And Needs Of Educational Computer Network System For Secondary Industrial Arts Education In Taiwan, Republic Of China , Hung Jen Yang

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The objectives of this study were (1) to determine the current status of computer use and the existence of computer networks used in secondary schools' industrial arts education, (2) to identify the needs for an educational computer network system that can be used in secondary schools' industrial arts classroom, and (3) to develop an appropriate configuration of educational computer network for secondary schools' industrial arts education in Taiwan;There were two populations for this study. One was the population of industrial arts teachers in secondary schools in Taiwan. The other population was administrators in secondary schools in Taiwan. Two hundred ...


Undergraduate Student Perceptions Of Academic Dishonesty As A Function Of Ethnicity And Religious Participation , Edward Michael Sutton Jan 1991

Undergraduate Student Perceptions Of Academic Dishonesty As A Function Of Ethnicity And Religious Participation , Edward Michael Sutton

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose was to examine undergraduates' perceptions of the nature, frequency, and possible justification of dishonest behaviors in relation to ethnicity (African-American, White American) and religious involvement (low, medium and high);Fifteen dishonest behaviors were presented. Those rated "definitely cheating" were: taking an exam for another student, copying from someone's exam, giving or receiving signals and/or answers during an exam, using unauthorized exam notes, turning in a commercially prepared paper or one written by another student;Behaviors considered "probably cheating" were: bringing information to an exam on a disc, arranging seating in advance to facilitate copying, turning in ...


Factors Associated With Professional Role Socialization Of Nurses , Sharon Monley Hillery Jan 1991

Factors Associated With Professional Role Socialization Of Nurses , Sharon Monley Hillery

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Two hundred eighty-two female RNs from Iowa responded to a mailed questionnaire two years after graduating from: (a) diploma nursing programs; (b) associate degree nursing (ADN) programs; or (c) baccalaureate nursing programs for RN students who had previously graduated from ADN and diploma nursing programs (BSN-RN). Professional role was measured by Stone's (1979) Health Care Professional Attitude Inventory as modified for nurses by Lawler (1988). In addition, a variety of socialization factors were measured. Professional role was found to be associated with socialization factors of age, nursing education, academic achievement, practice setting, and some professional development activities (p. <.05). Nurses with higher professional role scores were more likely to be older, BSN-RN program graduates, with high grade point averages, who practiced in nonhospital settings, and who maintained current professional values and practice standards by reading nursing journals and enrolling in formal academic programs. Professional role was not associated with socioeconomic background, nursing position, perceived influence of reference groups, or the following professional development activities; enrollment in individual courses, membership in American Nurses' Association, and membership in other professional organizations. Based on these results, a preliminary professional nurse role model was proposed which reflects the following thesis. The professional role of the registered nurse is associated with many socialization factors. One socialization factor is participation in ongoing professional development activities. These professional development activities include reading professional nursing journals and enrolling in higher education programs. Age is a variable that interrelates with other socialization factors and also relates to professional role directly. For the older motivated registered nurse, factors that promote autonomy, personal accountability, and independent nursing judgements lead to socialization into the professional role. These factors include practice setting and academic achievement. Nurses come from diverse social backgrounds; their socioeconomic status is not associated with other professional role socialization factors. This model proposes that education is the key variable which links these other socialization factors as well as associating directly with professional role. Successful completion of a baccalaureate nursing program provides the foundation for the other socialization factors leading to internalization and enactment of the professional role for registered nurses.


Assessing Moral Reasoning And Career Decision-Making Among Intellectually Precocious Youth , Cheryl E. Wiles Sanders Jan 1991

Assessing Moral Reasoning And Career Decision-Making Among Intellectually Precocious Youth , Cheryl E. Wiles Sanders

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Two separate research projects were conducted to investigate the moral reasoning and career decision-making of intellectually precocious youth. Moral reasoning was examined among 523 highly gifted youth. Two studies were conducted, with Study 2 serving as a replication of Study 1. Results obtained from the Defining Issues Test (DIT), a test purporting to measure moral reasoning, revealed that gifted individuals earned significantly higher moral reasoning scores than did their average ability peers; they also scored higher than college freshmen, 4 to 5 years older. Also examined among the highly gifted were possible correlates of principled moral reasoning: ability (SAT-M, SAT-V ...


An Investigation Of The Educational Environment In The Homes Of Third, Fourth, And Fifth Grade Students And Its Relationship To Pertinent Variables , Drusilla Charity Caudle Jan 1991

An Investigation Of The Educational Environment In The Homes Of Third, Fourth, And Fifth Grade Students And Its Relationship To Pertinent Variables , Drusilla Charity Caudle

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study investigated several dimensions of the educational environment in the homes of third, fourth, and fifth grade students and their relationship to pertinent variables. The instrument used to measure the educational environment in the homes of third, fourth, and fifth grade students was a modified version of the Index of Educational Environment developed by Dave in 1963;The sample in the study consisted of 459 parents and their third, fourth and fifth grade children attending elementary schools located in north central Iowa. There were two objectives in the study: (1) to examine whether or not there is more than ...


Predicting Educational And Occupational Attainment Among Male And Female Teacher Education Students: An Examination Of High School Extracurricular Participation And Other Selected Characteristics , Alyce Ann Holland Jan 1991

Predicting Educational And Occupational Attainment Among Male And Female Teacher Education Students: An Examination Of High School Extracurricular Participation And Other Selected Characteristics , Alyce Ann Holland

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The current study had two components: Study 1 and Study 2. The purpose of Study 1 was to examine variables that predict graduation from the Iowa State University Teacher Education Program among 2,008 prospective teacher education students who were enrolled in a beginning education course. The analyses were conducted separately for male and female students;College grade point average when enrolled in a beginning education course was the strongest predictor of graduation in teacher education for both male and female students. For females, the three best predictors of graduation in teacher education following college grades, were participation in teacher ...


The Role Of Questions In The Physics Laboratory Classes Of Two Non-Native Speaking Teaching Assistants, Janet Maureen Searls Jan 1991

The Role Of Questions In The Physics Laboratory Classes Of Two Non-Native Speaking Teaching Assistants, Janet Maureen Searls

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Questions play an important role in science laboratory classes. This conclusion was reached following several observations of science and engineering labs at Iowa State University. Almost all interactions involved questions, and some dialogs seemed to contain even more questions than statements. The students and teaching assistants asked each other an impressive number of questions in various forms and for various reasons.

This case study of two introductory physics labs is an outgrowth of observations made for the Graduate College at ISU. It focuses on the questions asked by the international teaching assistants (IT As) in charge of the labs as ...


An Investigation Into The Kinds And Amounts Of Writing Tasks Assigned In Some Black South African Secondary And High Schools, Goodman Thamsanqa Shezi Jan 1991

An Investigation Into The Kinds And Amounts Of Writing Tasks Assigned In Some Black South African Secondary And High Schools, Goodman Thamsanqa Shezi

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Long Glass Fiber Embedment In Polycarbonate Thermoplastic , Jeong Goo Lee Jan 1991

Long Glass Fiber Embedment In Polycarbonate Thermoplastic , Jeong Goo Lee

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The study was designed to investigate the effects of time and temperature on the mechanical property of hardness of a polycarbonate (thermoplastic) matrix, to achieve an 80% glass loading to a 20% wet-out for the polycarbonate pre-impregnated rod, to develop the prototype pultrusion equipment for polycarbonate pre-impregnated rod, and to develop the prototype pulforming equipment for polycarbonate fibersteel composite rod. Fibersteel rod is composed of seven pre-impregnated rods twisted into a spiral shape to act as a substitute for steel reinforcement rod in concrete;A polycarbonate matrix which had been solvent treated was tested according to Rockwell Hardness Test (ASTM ...


Enhancing Career Decision-Making Self-Efficacy Via A University Career Course Intervention , Craig Allan Oreshnick Jan 1991

Enhancing Career Decision-Making Self-Efficacy Via A University Career Course Intervention , Craig Allan Oreshnick

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The present study further evaluated the extension of Bandura's self-efficacy (SE) theory to the career decision-making (CDM) domain. The purposes of this investigation were to: (a) evaluate the effectiveness of a SE based career intervention using various outcome variables, including measures of CDM self-efficacy and career indecision; (b) examine the relationship between CDM self-efficacy and CDM task (performance) success, CDM anxiety, and career indecision (decidedness); and (c) further evaluate the validity of the Short-Form Career Decision-Making Self-Efficacy Scale (SFCDMSE). Subjects consisted of 159 college students, primarily undergraduates, who participated in either a career decision-making and planning course (treatment group ...


Iowa Survey Of Computer-Related Technology Use By K-12 Teachers , Denise Ann Schmidt Jan 1991

Iowa Survey Of Computer-Related Technology Use By K-12 Teachers , Denise Ann Schmidt

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

It has been more than a decade since microcomputers became available as a new technology for schools. During this decade, computer-related technologies have become an integral part of the educational environment in schools throughout the United States. Many school districts have purchased large amounts of computer-related hardware and software, only to find that many teachers were uncertain of the potential instructional uses of these technologies. Becker (1990) stated that even though computer acquisition has continued to expand in most schools, there has continued to be a small minority of teachers using computers for instruction, learning, or productive work in the ...


Development And Feasibility Study Of A Teacher Performance-Based Pay Plan , Terry Andrew Elfrink Jan 1991

Development And Feasibility Study Of A Teacher Performance-Based Pay Plan , Terry Andrew Elfrink

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The primary purpose of this study was to develop a turnkey model of a more comprehensive and accurate merit pay plan based on the total systems approach to teacher evaluation. This study reviewed the current incentive pay literature and validated the need, potential format, variables, and procedures for the development and implementation of the plan's algorithms. Finally, this study examined the cost feasibility of the model in terms of teacher compensation using a California school district's financial infrastructure;The review of literature substantiated three overwhelming reasons for the use of teacher performance-based pay plans: (1) to increase recruitment ...


An Analysis Of Fifty-One Computer Modules Designed To Enhance The Knowledge, Skills, And Attitudes Needed By Teacher Education Students , Patricia Crenshaw Elmore Jan 1991

An Analysis Of Fifty-One Computer Modules Designed To Enhance The Knowledge, Skills, And Attitudes Needed By Teacher Education Students , Patricia Crenshaw Elmore

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation analyzes and reports the findings of student reactions to a set of 51 computer modules called Performance Element Modules (PEMs). These modules focused on selected knowledge, skills, and attitudes needed by teacher education students at a midwestern university. The major purpose of the study was to assess whether students will accept the 51 computer-assisted modules as viable instructional tools;The questionnaires were designed to collect forced-choice and open-ended data as well as demographic data. Students rated the forced-choice items on a scale of 1 to 10. The higher the number, the more the students agreed with the statement ...


The Impact Of Parents And Peers On Teenage Sexual Behavior , Barbara Ann Henderson Kennedy Jan 1991

The Impact Of Parents And Peers On Teenage Sexual Behavior , Barbara Ann Henderson Kennedy

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this research was to develop a path model to explain adolescent sexual behavior. The findings indicate that peer's sexual behavior has a significant impact on the teen's sexual behavior. The transmission of parental sexual values appears to come from the opposite gender parent. Parenting practices of father appear to impact on the teen's attitudes and behaviors.


A Cross-Cultural Study Of Housing Adjustment Among Korean, Mexican, And American Households , Sehwa Yang Khil Jan 1991

A Cross-Cultural Study Of Housing Adjustment Among Korean, Mexican, And American Households , Sehwa Yang Khil

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this dissertation was to compare the housing adjustment propensities of Korean, Mexican, and American households. The theoretical framework was the Morris and Winter model of housing adjustment. Every household in every culture was assumed to perform a sequence of housing adjustment behaviors to attain desired housing. The purposes had been accomplished through an analysis of three data sets from different sources. Path analysis was employed for testing the empirical model, and the same procedures were performed individually with the three sets of data. There seemed to be some similarities in adjustment patterns between the Mexican and the ...