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Theses/Dissertations

Iowa State University

1991

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Articles 1 - 30 of 89

Full-Text Articles in Education

Guided Instruction With Logo Programming And The Development Of Cognitive Monitoring Strategies Among College Students , Mi Ok Cho Lee Jan 1991

Guided Instruction With Logo Programming And The Development Of Cognitive Monitoring Strategies Among College Students , Mi Ok Cho Lee

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

As our society changes and becomes more complex, and as new knowledge and technology emerge, the need for teaching students to be independent thinkers and problem solvers increases more rapidly than ever before. Responding to the ever increasing societal demands, educators have sought for proper learning tools and methodologies to improve students' higher-order thinking and problem solving skills. In particular, cognitive monitoring has been a primary concern of educators and cognitive psychologists. Cognitive monitoring has been regarded as one of the most important strategies in efficient thinking and problem solving. Logo programming has been considered a powerful tool to help ...


An Analysis Of Perceptions Of Shared Decision Making In Early Stages Of Implementation As Related To Selected Factors Associated With School Improvement , Thomas J. Renze Jan 1991

An Analysis Of Perceptions Of Shared Decision Making In Early Stages Of Implementation As Related To Selected Factors Associated With School Improvement , Thomas J. Renze

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study analyzed perceptions of shared decision making (SDM) in early stages of implementation as related to selected factors associated with school improvement. The selected factors were restructuring of roles and decision-making processes, empowerment, involvement in decisions, collegiality, collaboration, and teaching and learning;Data were collected from the Marshalltown Community School District's Shared Decision Making project during the 1990-91 school year. Two methods were used to collect data. The first was a 52-item survey of all district staff members (N = 602) in January, 1991. The return rate was 64%. Survey data were disaggregated according to job categories and according ...


Developing And Testing The Feasibility Of A Microcomputer System For Assisting In Evaluation And Supervision For Principal Performance Improvement , Rosemary D. Noel Jan 1991

Developing And Testing The Feasibility Of A Microcomputer System For Assisting In Evaluation And Supervision For Principal Performance Improvement , Rosemary D. Noel

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study was conducted to test the feasibility of modifying the CATE/S microcomputer system from a teacher evaluation tool to one to assist in the evaluation and improvement of principal performance. The development of a bank of professional growth plans to be generated from the modified, software package and a substantive review of the literature were also contributions to the field of knowledge. Two circumstances that served as motivational factors initiating this study were the need for increased accountability, resulting in a quest for improved principal performance evaluation, and the research finding that effective instruction is strongly related to ...


Job Satisfaction Of Industrial Arts Teachers In Secondary Schools In Taiwan, Republic Of China , Jui-Chen Yu Jan 1991

Job Satisfaction Of Industrial Arts Teachers In Secondary Schools In Taiwan, Republic Of China , Jui-Chen Yu

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Purposes. The purposes of this study are (1) to identify the factors which contribute to job satisfaction of industrial arts education graduates from National Kaohsuing Normal University in Taiwan, (2) to investigate and analyze factors which contribute to job satisfaction of industrial arts education graduates, and (3) to develop a flow diagram for predicting overall job satisfaction of teachers among industrial arts education graduates;Methods. The questionnaire method of data collection was used. Two hundred subjects were randomly selected from industrial arts teachers who graduated from National Kaohsuing Normal University. A questionnaire, consisting of two parts, was developed by the ...


Relationship Of Perceived Classroom Social Climate And Course Performance In Computer Literacy Classes , Jolyne Lockwood Ghanatabadi Jan 1991

Relationship Of Perceived Classroom Social Climate And Course Performance In Computer Literacy Classes , Jolyne Lockwood Ghanatabadi

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The three conjectures which formed the basis for this study were: (1) People who have more authority and responsibility in a setting tend to see the setting more positively. (2) Perceptions of the classroom social climate may be influenced by factors involving the time class is offered, location of class, and gender of students. (3) Students choose to participate in learning activities when they feel comfortable and challenged within the classroom and in return have lower absentee rates and receive higher course grades;The population selected for the study were 25 sections of the course Introduction to Computer Literacy, which ...


Alcohol/Drug Testing And Employee Assistance Programs As They Affect Candidates At The Iowa Regents Universities In The Job Search Process , Sally Lee Walker Hinders Jan 1991

Alcohol/Drug Testing And Employee Assistance Programs As They Affect Candidates At The Iowa Regents Universities In The Job Search Process , Sally Lee Walker Hinders

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to explore differences in attitudes among employers with regards to twenty EAP components specifically geared toward alcohol and drug abuse; to explore differences in attitudes among pre-employment drug testing and drug testing within the work place; and to identify characteristics conducive to successful EAPs. The survey used to obtain this information was developed by the researcher. Survey items were grounded in previous literature and related studies;Respondents in the research were 458 employers who recruited through the placement services in business and liberal arts and sciences at Iowa State University, University of Iowa, and ...


The Proposal And Partial Validation Of Strategies And Components For Developing Project-Oriented Activities In Elementary Science Classes In Taiwan , Shufen Ellen Wu Jan 1991

The Proposal And Partial Validation Of Strategies And Components For Developing Project-Oriented Activities In Elementary Science Classes In Taiwan , Shufen Ellen Wu

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study was designed to secure plausible framework for Taiwanese elementary teachers to enhance their teaching technique in science. Two major tasks were accomplished. First, Strategies and Components (SC) embraced in industrial arts projects and science activities were identified by reviewing literatures. Then, six categories were adopted to distinguish these traits. Second, the elementary teachers' perspectives, in terms of importance, feasibility, and adoptability, toward these SC(s) were investigated. The second task was accomplished using self-administered questionnaire survey method to collect data related perspectives toward these SC(s). Consequently, 371 elementary teachers from the school district of interest were identified ...


Attitudes Of Search Committee Members At Isu Toward Affirmative Action, Corey Thomas Miller Jan 1991

Attitudes Of Search Committee Members At Isu Toward Affirmative Action, Corey Thomas Miller

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


A Case Study Of A Midwestern High School Using Joyce's Model To Implement A Complex School Improvement Innovation: Authentic Assessment , Ann W. Johnson Jan 1991

A Case Study Of A Midwestern High School Using Joyce's Model To Implement A Complex School Improvement Innovation: Authentic Assessment , Ann W. Johnson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The primary purpose of this study was to examine factors that affected the implementation of a complex innovation--authentic assessment and the effect the professional development paradigm consisting of a training design (i.e., theory, demonstration/model, practice, feedback, and coaching) and support structure (i.e., study group and staff development specialists) had on the process. Its specific purposes included: (1) to determine the extent the professional development paradigm influenced the Levels of Use and Stages of Concern, (2) to determine what components of the professional development paradigm enhanced the implementation of the authentic assessment, and (3) to identify factors that ...


Psychological Type And Preferred Learning Styles Of Institutional Advancement Officers: An Initial Study Using The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator In Three Geographic Areas , Phyllis J. Lepke Jan 1991

Psychological Type And Preferred Learning Styles Of Institutional Advancement Officers: An Initial Study Using The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator In Three Geographic Areas , Phyllis J. Lepke

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator was used to determine the psychological types of 545 institutional advancement officers (alumni administrators, educational fund raisers, public information officers, and senior advancement professionals) who were registered for one district conference of the Council for Advancement and Support of Education (CASE) in 1988, 1989, or 1990. There were 295 respondents from the Northeast (Districts I/II), 155 from the Midwest (District VI), and 95 from the Northwest (District VIII);ENTJ (18.90%) was the most frequent type in the total sample. While the general population is 75 percent Sensing, the advancement sample was 65 percent Intuitives ...


The Reduction Of Computer Anxiety: Its Relation To Relaxation Training, Previous Computer Training, Achievement And Need For Cognition , Matthew M. Maurer Jan 1991

The Reduction Of Computer Anxiety: Its Relation To Relaxation Training, Previous Computer Training, Achievement And Need For Cognition , Matthew M. Maurer

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study examined computer anxiety and its relationship to four areas: computer literacy training, relaxation exercises, achievement and the personality variable "need for cognition." Subjects were college students in a semester long computer literacy course that was part of a teacher preparation program. Computer anxiety was measured using the Computer Anxiety Index (CAIN). The CAIN was taken by students at three times in the semester, at the beginning of the course, after six weeks, and at the end of the course. Need for cognition was measured using the Need for Cognition Scale and it was taken by students during the ...


Economic Hardship, Family Relationships, And Adolescent Distress , Camilla Siu-Na Ho Jan 1991

Economic Hardship, Family Relationships, And Adolescent Distress , Camilla Siu-Na Ho

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Adolescence is a period characterized by multiple life changes. Biological, psychological, and social factors interact at an accelerated rate to shape the adolescent's development. Additional life stress during this time is especially detrimental to the psychological well-being of a person. Not only is economic hardship directly harmful to the socioemotional development of the adolescent, it may exert indirect damaging effects on the adolescent through its adverse effects on the family supporting system of the adolescent. This dissertation aims to (1) examine existing literature on the relationship between life changes and stress during adolescence, (2) examine existing literature on the ...


A Longitudinal Study Of College Students' Attitudes Toward Suicide, Richard Allen Stevens Jr. Jan 1991

A Longitudinal Study Of College Students' Attitudes Toward Suicide, Richard Allen Stevens Jr.

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Mother-Father-Child Play: Investigations Of Preschoolers' Home Play Behavior, Parental Involvement And Home Environment , Chittinun Tejagupta Jan 1991

Mother-Father-Child Play: Investigations Of Preschoolers' Home Play Behavior, Parental Involvement And Home Environment , Chittinun Tejagupta

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Relatively few studies have documented the nature of mother-father-child play interactions at home, especially during the preschool years. Based on the ecological approach regarding the relationship of play behavior as a function of the playing child and the play environment (Darvill, 1982), this study investigated the play of 48 3- and 5-year-old boys and girls with their parents in their home. The mother-father-child play was videotaped for 10 minutes and later coded for child's social-cognitive play behaviors and the parental involvement of mother and father. Quality of home environment was measured using the HOME Inventory scale (preschool version);Differences ...


A Cluster Analytic Approach To Interest Measurement With The Act Interest Inventory , David Clay Barnett Jan 1991

A Cluster Analytic Approach To Interest Measurement With The Act Interest Inventory , David Clay Barnett

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The study attempted to identify, replicate and validate subgroups of high school students based on similarity of their responses to items of the ACT-Interest Inventory. A data set collected in 1973 and in 1976-1979 by the American College Testing Program/Institute for Demographic and Economic Studies was used for this study. Random samples were selected and clustered with two hierarchical cluster analysis techniques (Ward's method and average linkage method). Average linkage did not yield a meaningful structure. A six-group solution was selected from Ward's method results for further study. Evidence for replicability of the clusters across samples was ...


A Comparison Study Of The Effectiveness Of A Strategic, Short-Term School Counseling Model And Traditional Counseling Models As Used By Elementary School Counselors , Mary Alice Bruce Christensen Jan 1991

A Comparison Study Of The Effectiveness Of A Strategic, Short-Term School Counseling Model And Traditional Counseling Models As Used By Elementary School Counselors , Mary Alice Bruce Christensen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The major purpose of the study was to compare the effectiveness of the Strategic, Short-Term School Counseling (SSTSC) model and traditional counseling models, as used by trained counselors in the elementary school. Drawing upon the work of family therapists Watzlawick, Weakland, and Fisch (1974) and de Shazer (1985), the researcher specifically proposed the 4-step SSTSC model which utilizes elements of student developmental levels and maximizes inherent capabilities of the school system. Following one individual counseling session, treatment groups were compared. It appeared that students in the SSTSC group improved at a faster rate than did students in the traditional group ...


Counseling Ethics And Practice: Student Understanding Of The Ethical Practices Of Counseling And Psychotherapy, Jon Michael Schwabach Jan 1991

Counseling Ethics And Practice: Student Understanding Of The Ethical Practices Of Counseling And Psychotherapy, Jon Michael Schwabach

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


A Comparative Analysis Of Two Educational Reform Movements In America : The Eight Year Study And A Nation At Risk, Leoni M. Padilha Henning Jan 1991

A Comparative Analysis Of Two Educational Reform Movements In America : The Eight Year Study And A Nation At Risk, Leoni M. Padilha Henning

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/24307997


Preparation And Development Of Vocational Industrial Educators For Secondary School Level In Taiwan, R.O.C. , Ming-Kung Yang Jan 1991

Preparation And Development Of Vocational Industrial Educators For Secondary School Level In Taiwan, R.O.C. , Ming-Kung Yang

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The study investigated the views and perspectives of vocational industrial educators at the secondary school level in Taiwan on various aspects of the preparation and development of vocational personnel and compared the congruence of educators' perceptions in term of preparation and development of educators among school personnel from the northern, central, southern, and eastern parts of Taiwan, among the mechanical, electrical/electronic, chemical, construction, and industrial art families, between public and private school personnel, as well as between administrators and teachers. The design of research primarily concerned four areas: industrial program description and mission, preparation as a vocational educator, continuing ...


Humor, Fitness, Happiness, And Cardiorespiratory After Pulse As Components Of Wellness , Kay Rutherford Bartels Jan 1991

Humor, Fitness, Happiness, And Cardiorespiratory After Pulse As Components Of Wellness , Kay Rutherford Bartels

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to examine the wellness concepts of humor, Fitness History, cardiorespiratory after pulse, and happiness. The social area of wellness was exemplified by the concept of humor, the fitness area of wellness by the concept of Fitness History, the physiological area of wellness by the concept of cardiorespiratory after pulse, and the emotional area of wellness by the concept of happiness. The data were collected from 98 Iowa State University employees or students enrolled in the Iowa State University exercise clinic classes for the Spring Semester, 1991;Four humor instruments, one Fitness History instrument, one ...


Marketing And Recruiting Efforts Used In Hospitality Education Graduate Programs: Perceptions Of Effectiveness And Influence In Selection Of Graduate Program , Catherine Hemphill Strohbehn Jan 1991

Marketing And Recruiting Efforts Used In Hospitality Education Graduate Programs: Perceptions Of Effectiveness And Influence In Selection Of Graduate Program , Catherine Hemphill Strohbehn

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Two surveys were mailed to administrators and students of 23 identified graduate programs of hospitality education. Response rates of 87% and 47%, respectively, were achieved. A five-point rating scale (5 = very effective, 5 = very important) was used in both surveys;A profile of currently enrolled graduate students and characteristics of graduate programs of hospitality management were identified. Administrators identified the population of graduate students as 53% female, 52% international and 93% master's level. Of the 87 student respondents, 55% were female, 30% were international, and 86% were enrolled in master's programs. Less than half of master's level ...


The Implementation And Evaluation Of A Sequential, Structured Approach For Teaching Logowriter To Classroom Teachers , Thomas E. Walsh Jr. Jan 1991

The Implementation And Evaluation Of A Sequential, Structured Approach For Teaching Logowriter To Classroom Teachers , Thomas E. Walsh Jr.

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The goal of this exploratory study was to implement and evaluate a Logo inservice model which focused on effective principles of staff development and emphasized Logo problem solving using teacher-mediated intervention strategies. The model was designed to facilitate teacher use of Logo in their classrooms;Subjects for this study included 19 elementary teachers and media specialists from the Ames Community Schools. Subjects completed The Stages of Concern Questionnaire (SoCQ), the LogoWriter Basic Comprehension Test, END-OF-DAY inventories, and the Inservice Evaluation LogoWriter Workshop Instrument. Additional outcome measures included projects shared during a final inservice sharing session, and questions, worksheets, and tape ...


Selecting Criteria For The Evaluation Of District Level Curriculum Administrators Based On Item Discrimination Power , Charles E. Ruebling Jan 1991

Selecting Criteria For The Evaluation Of District Level Curriculum Administrators Based On Item Discrimination Power , Charles E. Ruebling

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Among the approaches to increasing the quality of education is a focus on the performance improvement of individuals relative to important job responsibilities, competencies, and outcomes. The purpose of this study was to identify valid, reliable, and discriminating performance evaluation items for district level curriculum administrators;A 54-item evaluation questionnaire was created based on a review of literature that included the roles of curriculum administrators and the characteristics of effective school districts. Job descriptions and evaluation instruments from school districts were also reviewed. The items were classified as job responsibilities, job competencies, or job outcomes. A five-point Likert type scale ...


The Development Of A Mathematical Model For Technology Transfer Potential: A Manufacturing Industry Case , Laode M. Kamaluddin Jan 1991

The Development Of A Mathematical Model For Technology Transfer Potential: A Manufacturing Industry Case , Laode M. Kamaluddin

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

A mathematical model was developed to measure the degree of technology in a given country or countries. The model is based on the regression analysis incorporating a taxonomic method to measure the difference of technological development within a group of countries. Simple linear regression analysis was employed to identify the independent variables showing the strongest relationship to the dependent variable. These variables were then used in controlled studies to investigate causal relationships, i.e., to identify the importance of the technological characteristics influencing the technological level. Second, the independent variables most influencing the dependent variable were selected using the all-regression ...


An Analysis Of Concerns Of Secondary Mathematics Teachers In The Implementation Of The Curriculum And Evaluation Standards For School Mathematics , Patsy J. Fagan Jan 1991

An Analysis Of Concerns Of Secondary Mathematics Teachers In The Implementation Of The Curriculum And Evaluation Standards For School Mathematics , Patsy J. Fagan

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purposes of this investigation were: (1) to identify the categories of the stages of concerns secondary mathematics teachers have regarding the implementation of the Curriculum and Evaluation Standards for School Mathematics (Standards) (National Council of Teachers of Mathematics, 1989); (2) to investigate the existence of a relationship between the concerns and teacher demographic, participation in mathematics education organizations, content knowledge of the Standards, and philosophical consistency variables; and (3) to determine if the variables could predict, with a reasonable amount of accuracy, the categories of stages of concerns. All mathematics teachers of grades 9-12 who were members of the ...


The Relationship Between Black Male Student-Athletes Retention And Graduation Rates At A Predominantly White Institution, Dennis Ross Jan 1991

The Relationship Between Black Male Student-Athletes Retention And Graduation Rates At A Predominantly White Institution, Dennis Ross

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


A Comparison : Grandparents' Attitudes Toward Grandchildren And Recall Of Attitudes Toward Own Children, Kimberly Ann Byrne Greder Jan 1991

A Comparison : Grandparents' Attitudes Toward Grandchildren And Recall Of Attitudes Toward Own Children, Kimberly Ann Byrne Greder

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/24201593


Evaluation Of Korean English Textbooks At Secondary Level, Yuhsoon Park Jan 1991

Evaluation Of Korean English Textbooks At Secondary Level, Yuhsoon Park

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Experimental Evaluation Of The Effectiveness Of A Computer-Assisted Instructional Unit On Sustainable Agriculture , Gaylan George Scofield Jan 1991

Experimental Evaluation Of The Effectiveness Of A Computer-Assisted Instructional Unit On Sustainable Agriculture , Gaylan George Scofield

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The central purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of an instructional unit on sustainable agriculture using a computer program as a tool to increase environmental awareness, enhance understanding of environmental problems, and promote the resolution of environmental issues in educational settings. The effectiveness of the unit was measured in students' knowledge of sustainable agriculture and both students' and teachers' ratings of the materials contained within the instructional unit;An experimental pretest-posttest design was used in this study. Sixteen Iowa schools (172 students) with agriculture departments who had expressed an interest in field testing the instructional unit were ...


A Comparative Study Of Stress And Coping Skills Among Learning Disabled And Regular Education Students , Natalie R. Davenport Jan 1991

A Comparative Study Of Stress And Coping Skills Among Learning Disabled And Regular Education Students , Natalie R. Davenport

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

School-related stress is the most prevalent untreated cause of academic failure in our schools. Baker (1987) states that this type of stress may afflict six to ten million children per year. There are several types of stress in the educational system. Separation anxiety, test anxiety, and teacher behavior are only a few. For the learning disabled child, along with the aforementioned stressors, there are additional sources of school stress. These include labeling, pull out programs and insufficient social skills. Even though stress-related events may be facilitators for growth and development of coping mechanisms, in certain stressful situations a child's ...