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Theses/Dissertations

Iowa State University

Student Counseling and Personnel Services

Education (Counselor education)

Articles 1 - 10 of 10

Full-Text Articles in Education

A Study Of Chronic Self-Injurious Behaviors In Nonretarded Adults , Phyllis J. Nelson Priest Jan 1992

A Study Of Chronic Self-Injurious Behaviors In Nonretarded Adults , Phyllis J. Nelson Priest

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

A study was conducted to investigate chronic self-injurious behaviors (SIB) in nonretarded adults. Sixty-three subjects (47 females, 16 males), obtained primarily by clinician referrals, voluntarily completed retrospective questionnaires which were followed by 1- to 3-hour private, face-to-face interviews with the researcher. Data collected about chronic SIB were: (a) onset, (b) modalities, (c) frequency, (d) reasons for SIB from subjects' perceptions, (e) factor/situations reported being associated with SIB, (f) subjects' reports of pain and/or pleasure in SIB, (g) subjects' specific affects/cognitions immediately pre and post self-injury, (h) incidence of childhood abuse, (i) gender and relationship of the abuser ...


A Comparison Study Of The Effectiveness Of A Strategic, Short-Term School Counseling Model And Traditional Counseling Models As Used By Elementary School Counselors , Mary Alice Bruce Christensen Jan 1991

A Comparison Study Of The Effectiveness Of A Strategic, Short-Term School Counseling Model And Traditional Counseling Models As Used By Elementary School Counselors , Mary Alice Bruce Christensen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The major purpose of the study was to compare the effectiveness of the Strategic, Short-Term School Counseling (SSTSC) model and traditional counseling models, as used by trained counselors in the elementary school. Drawing upon the work of family therapists Watzlawick, Weakland, and Fisch (1974) and de Shazer (1985), the researcher specifically proposed the 4-step SSTSC model which utilizes elements of student developmental levels and maximizes inherent capabilities of the school system. Following one individual counseling session, treatment groups were compared. It appeared that students in the SSTSC group improved at a faster rate than did students in the traditional group ...


Humor, Fitness, Happiness, And Cardiorespiratory After Pulse As Components Of Wellness , Kay Rutherford Bartels Jan 1991

Humor, Fitness, Happiness, And Cardiorespiratory After Pulse As Components Of Wellness , Kay Rutherford Bartels

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to examine the wellness concepts of humor, Fitness History, cardiorespiratory after pulse, and happiness. The social area of wellness was exemplified by the concept of humor, the fitness area of wellness by the concept of Fitness History, the physiological area of wellness by the concept of cardiorespiratory after pulse, and the emotional area of wellness by the concept of happiness. The data were collected from 98 Iowa State University employees or students enrolled in the Iowa State University exercise clinic classes for the Spring Semester, 1991;Four humor instruments, one Fitness History instrument, one ...


The Grieving Process And Delinquency: Testing The Therapeutic Process Of Grieving With Delinquent Male Adolescents , Rogers Kenneth Hake Jan 1989

The Grieving Process And Delinquency: Testing The Therapeutic Process Of Grieving With Delinquent Male Adolescents , Rogers Kenneth Hake

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to examine the efficacy of grief therapy with male juvenile delinquents;The literature reported that the etiology of delinquency may arise from unresolved grief precipitated early in life. Losses and exigencies of living compound the unresolved grief and the resultant delinquency. The literature also reports the need for grief therapy intervention;The treatment of grief therapy modeled after Elizabeth Kubler-Ross' stages of grieving was assessed by the Jesness Inventory and the Self-Appraisal and Observer Forms of the Jesness Behavior Checklist;Thirty-eight subjects of the Iowa Training School for Boys in Eldora, Iowa, were randomly ...


The Effects Of Pet Presence And Counselor Blindness On The Efficacy Of A Counseling Session , Joellen Mcadams Jan 1988

The Effects Of Pet Presence And Counselor Blindness On The Efficacy Of A Counseling Session , Joellen Mcadams

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of pet presence and counselor blindness on the efficacy of a counseling session;Counselor effectiveness was assessed by using three Counselor Rating Scales, the Confidence for Counseling Outcomes Expectancy Scale, the Continuation of Counseling Scale, and the Counselor Traits Scale;An Animal Affinity Instrument was developed to assess subjects' relationship to animals. The Attitudes Toward Disabled Persons Scales was utilized to assess attitudes toward disabled persons. Two sets of videotaped vignettes of the same counseling session were developed. The first set of videotaped vignettes was comprised of two treatment groups ...


Assessment Of Happiness Among Young Adults: A Construct Validation Study , Cynthia L. Taylor Jan 1988

Assessment Of Happiness Among Young Adults: A Construct Validation Study , Cynthia L. Taylor

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to develop an instrument which would be capable of identifying sources of perceived happiness potentially related to a university population. This process involved hypothesizing a priori sources of happiness, developing an instrument, then collecting and analyzing data among several American and International groups at Iowa State University. The Actual and Ideal Happiness Scale (AIHS) was developed as the result of this process;A total of 831 subjects participated in this study; 301 subjects were used in the development of the pilot study instrument (Current Happiness Scale) and 530 subjects were used in the development ...


Eating Disorders: Assessment Of Psychological, Physiological And Behavioral Characteristics , Jean Kay Lundholm Jan 1987

Eating Disorders: Assessment Of Psychological, Physiological And Behavioral Characteristics , Jean Kay Lundholm

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Three studies examined psychological, physiological, and behavioral characteristics related to disordered-eating patterns. In the first study, psychological characteristics were investigated. Subjects were 265 students and 173 eating-disordered patients diagnosed as anorexic, bulimic or bulimarexic. The Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory (MCMI) was administered, and item differences between the groups investigated by constructing three dummy variables contrasting the groups and correlating the dummy variables with item responses. None of the items significantly differentiated between the bulimics and bulimarexics. Only two items significantly (p <.005) differentiated the anorexics from the bulimics, and anorexics from the bulimarexics. Of the items, 64% significantly (p <.005) differentiated the eating-disordered patients as a group, from the students. In order to determine which items were most discriminating the range of Z scores between the groups were examined and those which differed by at least one standard deviation identified. The content of the items revealed that the eating-disordered females were socially withdrawn and depressed. In the second study, psychological and behavioral differences between weight-classified eating-disordered patients were investigated. The Eating Disorders Instrument (EDI) was administered. Subjects were 196 patients, classified as either overweight or normal weight bulimic, overweight or normal weight bulimarexic, or underweight anorexic. Differences between the groups were investigated by constructing ten dummy variables contrasting the groups, and correlating the scale scores with the dummy variables. Three of the scales significantly (p <.005) differentiated between the contrasted groups: Desire for Thinness, Body Dissatisfaction, and Bulimia. In the third study, physiological, psychological and behavioral characteristics were investigated. Subjects were 99 eating-disordered females diagnosed as anorexic, bulimic, or bulimarexic; 27 psychiatric controls; and 24 medical controls. The Disordered Eating and Weight Control Instrument (DEWCI) was administered. Differences between the groups were investigated by constructing ten dummy variables contrasting the groups, and correlating the scales with the dummy variables. All of the DEWCI scales significantly (p <.005) differentiated between the eating-disordered, psychiatric, and medical patients.


The Relationships Of Females' Sex-Appropriate Occupational Choices, Work Commitment, And Organizational Commitment To Selected Demographic Variables , Trisha Steiner Jan 1986

The Relationships Of Females' Sex-Appropriate Occupational Choices, Work Commitment, And Organizational Commitment To Selected Demographic Variables , Trisha Steiner

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to examine females' sex-appropriate occupational choices, work commitment, and organizational commitment as they relate to residency, age, education, role stress, sex-role perception, risk-taking characteristics, marital status, number and ages of children, and job level;The occupational choice groups were defined as traditional, neuter, or nontraditional according to the relative number of females and males employed in specific occupations;The data used for this study were obtained from questionnaires mailed to a midwestern, general population. The questionnaire was the Bem Sex Role Inventory, the Lodahl and Kejner Work Attitudes Scale, the Cook and Wall Organizational ...


The Effects Of Meta-Model Questioning And Empathic Responding On Concreteness In Client Statements And Client Ratings Of Anxiety And Counselor Attractiveness, Expertness, And Trustworthiness , Eldon Lee Vander Zyl Jan 1983

The Effects Of Meta-Model Questioning And Empathic Responding On Concreteness In Client Statements And Client Ratings Of Anxiety And Counselor Attractiveness, Expertness, And Trustworthiness , Eldon Lee Vander Zyl

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The effects of the meta-model questioning strategy from Neuro-Linguistic Programming were compared to the effects of an empathic responding strategy in the initial counseling interview. Seventy-two clients were obtained from a pool of undergraduate psychology student volunteers. Two graduate students majoring in counselor education served as the counselors and were trained to deliver the two counseling strategies. A four group design was used for the investigation. Clients were assigned at random to one of the two counselors and to one of the two counseling strategies. Each client was treated in one thirty-minute interview;Five dependent variables were identified to assess ...


Mother/Teacher Locus Of Control: Impact On Preschool Handicapped Child Change , John Denton Montgomery Jan 1980

Mother/Teacher Locus Of Control: Impact On Preschool Handicapped Child Change , John Denton Montgomery

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

In 1975 the federal government legislated equality of educational opportunity to all children in the Education of Handicapped Act, Public Law 94-142. This mandate directed child development specialists to evaluate how preschool handicapped children, among others, could best be served. The two primary delivery systems, center-based and home-based, had progressively utilized the mother in roles as learner, observer, aide and teacher for the intervention process. However, neither intervention model stressed or assessed the importance of mother or teacher attitude as a variable in effecting child change;The purpose of the study was to examine the possible effects that mother and ...