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Theses/Dissertations

Iowa State University

Psychology

Professional studies in education

Articles 1 - 16 of 16

Full-Text Articles in Education

Community College General Education Impact On Student Critical Thinking Ability , Judith Hansen Jan 1997

Community College General Education Impact On Student Critical Thinking Ability , Judith Hansen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study of the impact of community college general education, semester hours on student critical thinking ability responded to national and regional research recommendations in analysis of three components: (1) critical thinking, (2) general education, and (3) community college. Student critical thinking ability was measured by student scores on the ACT Collegiate Assessment of Academic Proficiency (CAAP) Critical Thinking component exam. General education was defined as the semester hours completed in each of five general education areas required for associate degree graduation: communications, humanities, math, science, and social science. All data for this study were obtained from the records of ...


The Influence Of Cognitive Psychology On Art Education As Seen In The Work Of Howard Gardner And Elliot Eisner , Marcia C. Rich Jan 1997

The Influence Of Cognitive Psychology On Art Education As Seen In The Work Of Howard Gardner And Elliot Eisner , Marcia C. Rich

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation examines the influence of educational psychology on contemporary art education. The century-old debate in art education between those wanting more scientific methods of teaching and assessment and those wanting a more child-centered education appears in contemporary version in the work of Howard Gardner and Elliot Eisner. In this contemporary setting it is the educator, Eisner, who wants more discipline-oriented curricula, while the cognitive scientist, Gardner, calls for more child-centered education. By examining the writings of Howard Gardner, a cognitive scientist, and Elliot Eisner, an art educator, and comparing the art education programs overseen by them, i.e., Arts ...


The Impact Of Enhancing A Behavioral Program For Children With Severe Behavioral Disorders By Promoting Parents' Coherent Life Story , Susan Kathryn Schiltz-Day Jan 1996

The Impact Of Enhancing A Behavioral Program For Children With Severe Behavioral Disorders By Promoting Parents' Coherent Life Story , Susan Kathryn Schiltz-Day

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of enhancing an already existing day treatment program for youth with severe behavior disorders. The intervention consisted of a short-term parent therapy group which operationalized elements of attachment theory and narrative therapy and then compared this to the program's regular treatment. This group focused on assisting parents (1) to review their past for a coherent story, (2) to identify and utilize a parenting strength, and (3) to voice their hopes and fears to their child with an emphasis on the child's potential. The effectiveness of this pilot group ...


Organizational Culture, Subcultures, And Organizational Commitment , Taysir M. Khatib Jan 1996

Organizational Culture, Subcultures, And Organizational Commitment , Taysir M. Khatib

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to examine whether three custodial groups in the same organization differ in their behavioral norms and shared values, and, if so, to what extent do these differences impact organizational commitment. Two major questions were of concern: (a) whether there were any differences in the perceptions of three custodial groups of their behavioral norms and shared values at the workplace; and (b) whether there were any relationships between these two components of organizational culture and organizational commitment of the custodians;A survey was administered to 63 custodians in the Residence department of a land-grant university ...


A Qualitative Study Of The Faculty Work Culture In Selected Comprehensive High Schools In The United States , Sandra L. Barnes Jan 1995

A Qualitative Study Of The Faculty Work Culture In Selected Comprehensive High Schools In The United States , Sandra L. Barnes

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to examine the faculty work culture in selected comprehensive high schools in the United States. More specifically, the study was designed to describe the culture of the schools, determine the common and unique themes in the work culture, and to determine the relative strength and valence of specific school work culture elements;Qualitative methodology was employed in this study that was conducted in two phases. During Phase I data were collected using individual and focus group interviews to gain an "emic perspective of the shared beliefs, values, and basic assumptions held by staff that ...


Self-Efficacy Of Teacher Education Students: A Study Based On Bandura's Social Cognitive Theory , Mary Jo Anderson Lively Jan 1994

Self-Efficacy Of Teacher Education Students: A Study Based On Bandura's Social Cognitive Theory , Mary Jo Anderson Lively

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study of teacher education students' self-efficacy was based on Bandura's self-efficacy theory. A critical review of the literature about self-efficacy and teachers explores its "fit" with Bandura's theoretical model. Particular attention is given to the widely used and adapted two factor teacher efficacy scale developed by Gibson and Dembow. The controversy over definitions and interpretations of the constructs is evidence of need for further study. Overall, it appears there is not a very good fit between Bandura's self-efficacy theory and its application in current education research. Differences in definitions, lack of attention to salient features of ...


Parent Perceptions And Expectations For Siblings Of Different Birth-Order Positions, Anne Sullivan Laing Jan 1994

Parent Perceptions And Expectations For Siblings Of Different Birth-Order Positions, Anne Sullivan Laing

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Going Against The Grain: Women Student Leaders At Coeducational Institutions , Cecelia Renée Romano Jan 1994

Going Against The Grain: Women Student Leaders At Coeducational Institutions , Cecelia Renée Romano

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Student leadership in higher education is an educational and developmental experience for students. More information about the characteristics and experiences of women student leaders should assist student affairs professionals and faculty in maximizing educational opportunity for female students;This study examined the characteristics of women student presidents of campus-wide, coeducational student organizations at three large institutions of higher education in the midwest;Qualitative research was used in the study, with data being gathered during in depth, semi-structured interviews with 15 respondents at the three institutions. The study found that (a) families were very influential in the lives of these young ...


Effectiveness Of Training On Algorithms Versus Notation For Indirect Addressing Comprehension , Robert Dee Franks Jan 1992

Effectiveness Of Training On Algorithms Versus Notation For Indirect Addressing Comprehension , Robert Dee Franks

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study compared two units of instruction for overcoming difficulties of beginning programmers in understanding and implementing strategies of indirect addressing. One of the units emphasized the algorithms in which indirection was used, whereas the other unit emphasized indirect notation. Both instructional units were delivered by computer to two introduction to Pascal programming classes. Students in each class were randomly divided so that each student used one or the other of the two units;These units were used prior to and were supplementary to three lectures covering indirect notation. The effectiveness of the units were determined by two posttests. One ...


A Study Of Chronic Self-Injurious Behaviors In Nonretarded Adults , Phyllis J. Nelson Priest Jan 1992

A Study Of Chronic Self-Injurious Behaviors In Nonretarded Adults , Phyllis J. Nelson Priest

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

A study was conducted to investigate chronic self-injurious behaviors (SIB) in nonretarded adults. Sixty-three subjects (47 females, 16 males), obtained primarily by clinician referrals, voluntarily completed retrospective questionnaires which were followed by 1- to 3-hour private, face-to-face interviews with the researcher. Data collected about chronic SIB were: (a) onset, (b) modalities, (c) frequency, (d) reasons for SIB from subjects' perceptions, (e) factor/situations reported being associated with SIB, (f) subjects' reports of pain and/or pleasure in SIB, (g) subjects' specific affects/cognitions immediately pre and post self-injury, (h) incidence of childhood abuse, (i) gender and relationship of the abuser ...


The Pace (Perceptions, Attitudes, Concerns, And Emotions) Of Selected Doctoral Students At Iowa State University , Daleanne Anderson Jan 1992

The Pace (Perceptions, Attitudes, Concerns, And Emotions) Of Selected Doctoral Students At Iowa State University , Daleanne Anderson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation presents the results of a study of doctoral students from selected departments at a large midwestern research university. Doctoral students from six departments in three colleges were surveyed. The College of Education (Professional Studies and Curriculum and Instruction), the College of Family and Consumer Sciences (Family and Consumer Science Education and Human Development and Family Studies), and the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences (Psychology and Sociology) were the selected colleges and departments;The study was designed to explore doctoral students' perceptions of the institution and of the faculty, their financial and academic concerns, and perceptions of their ...


Psychological Type And Preferred Learning Styles Of Institutional Advancement Officers: An Initial Study Using The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator In Three Geographic Areas , Phyllis J. Lepke Jan 1991

Psychological Type And Preferred Learning Styles Of Institutional Advancement Officers: An Initial Study Using The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator In Three Geographic Areas , Phyllis J. Lepke

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator was used to determine the psychological types of 545 institutional advancement officers (alumni administrators, educational fund raisers, public information officers, and senior advancement professionals) who were registered for one district conference of the Council for Advancement and Support of Education (CASE) in 1988, 1989, or 1990. There were 295 respondents from the Northeast (Districts I/II), 155 from the Midwest (District VI), and 95 from the Northwest (District VIII);ENTJ (18.90%) was the most frequent type in the total sample. While the general population is 75 percent Sensing, the advancement sample was 65 percent Intuitives ...


A Comparison Study Of The Effectiveness Of A Strategic, Short-Term School Counseling Model And Traditional Counseling Models As Used By Elementary School Counselors , Mary Alice Bruce Christensen Jan 1991

A Comparison Study Of The Effectiveness Of A Strategic, Short-Term School Counseling Model And Traditional Counseling Models As Used By Elementary School Counselors , Mary Alice Bruce Christensen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The major purpose of the study was to compare the effectiveness of the Strategic, Short-Term School Counseling (SSTSC) model and traditional counseling models, as used by trained counselors in the elementary school. Drawing upon the work of family therapists Watzlawick, Weakland, and Fisch (1974) and de Shazer (1985), the researcher specifically proposed the 4-step SSTSC model which utilizes elements of student developmental levels and maximizes inherent capabilities of the school system. Following one individual counseling session, treatment groups were compared. It appeared that students in the SSTSC group improved at a faster rate than did students in the traditional group ...


Undergraduate Student Perceptions Of Academic Dishonesty As A Function Of Ethnicity And Religious Participation , Edward Michael Sutton Jan 1991

Undergraduate Student Perceptions Of Academic Dishonesty As A Function Of Ethnicity And Religious Participation , Edward Michael Sutton

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose was to examine undergraduates' perceptions of the nature, frequency, and possible justification of dishonest behaviors in relation to ethnicity (African-American, White American) and religious involvement (low, medium and high);Fifteen dishonest behaviors were presented. Those rated "definitely cheating" were: taking an exam for another student, copying from someone's exam, giving or receiving signals and/or answers during an exam, using unauthorized exam notes, turning in a commercially prepared paper or one written by another student;Behaviors considered "probably cheating" were: bringing information to an exam on a disc, arranging seating in advance to facilitate copying, turning in ...


The Impact Of Social Distance On Community In University Apartments , Donald F. Whalen Jan 1987

The Impact Of Social Distance On Community In University Apartments , Donald F. Whalen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The research examined social distance as it applied to students of on-campus apartments at a midwestern university. The research was conducted at the University Student Apartment Community at Iowa State University, a community of over 3800 residents. A stratified random sample of 600 foreign and American students were mailed a survey assessing attitudes regarding the environmental climate, facilities and services, student government and staffing, student patterns, student characteristics, and social distance. The completion rate was 62%. One-way ANOVA comparisons were made of mean ratings of 37 ethnic, racial, religious, and other object groups and five respondent characteristics. The respondent characteristics ...


Job Satisfaction And Its Relationship To Gender, Career Orientation, And Childcare Needs Among White Collar And Blue Collar Residence Hall Employees , Virginia C. Arthur Jan 1987

Job Satisfaction And Its Relationship To Gender, Career Orientation, And Childcare Needs Among White Collar And Blue Collar Residence Hall Employees , Virginia C. Arthur

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this investigation was threefold: (1) to discover whether or not selected demographic attitudinal and environmental factors, as well as non-work-related characteristics were related to employee job satisfaction; (2) to assess the job satisfaction among various employee groups; and (3) to identify any interaction between job satisfaction factors and employee groups;Subjects for this study were all (358) full-time budgeted blue collar and white collar employees in the Department of Residence at Iowa State University on January 1, 1987. The long form of the Minnesota Satisfaction Questionnaire (MSQ) the Employee Satisfaction Survey (ESS), were administered for data gathering ...