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Full-Text Articles in Education

Student-Athlete Development Life 4 Success Program, Ty Henry Jan 2019

Student-Athlete Development Life 4 Success Program, Ty Henry

Creative Components

No abstract provided.


Parental Reflective Functioning And Mother-Child Interactions – A Preliminary Investigation, Janelle Justine Blanco Carlson Jan 2019

Parental Reflective Functioning And Mother-Child Interactions – A Preliminary Investigation, Janelle Justine Blanco Carlson

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Parental reflective functioning (PRF) is a crucial mentalization skill that influences how parents respond to their children (Rutherford, 2013). Reflective functioning, in a general sense, is a mentalizing skill used to understand the emotional states and intentions of others (Slade 2005). The reflective functioning capacity of parents has been shown to predict parent-child attachment and children’s overall developmental outcomes (Fonagy, 1991; Heron-Delaney, 2016; Smaling, 2017). PRF specifically focuses on a parent’s ability to reflect on the internal experience of their child while also attending to their own reactions, thoughts, and feelings about their child. This study was a ...


"Raise:" Parental Monitoring & Facilitation For Visual-Spatial Development, Daniel Sevier Jan 2018

"Raise:" Parental Monitoring & Facilitation For Visual-Spatial Development, Daniel Sevier

Creative Components

“RAISE”: Parental Monitoring & Facilitation of Visual-Spatial Development

It is the children of today, which will eventually fill the future ranks within the engineering and design fields. It these tribes of makers and creatives which drive innovation and transform insights into tangible, problem-solving solutions. Inherent to this passing of the torch is the necessity for children to be properly educated within STEM areas.

Given the paternal desire to position their children on promising technical career paths, parents experience increasing pressure to provide the highest quality preparation, including visual-spatial development. Further exacerbating this issue, familial trends indicate longer work hours, limited parent-child ...


Training Reduces The Drawing Detriments Associated With Categorical Perception, Larissa F. Arnold Jan 2018

Training Reduces The Drawing Detriments Associated With Categorical Perception, Larissa F. Arnold

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Previous research suggests that categorical perception may interfere with a novice artist’s ability to accurately draw simple shapes. Specifically, when asked to draw two shapes of slightly different sizes, participants tend to exaggerate the categorical difference between the two and draw the small shape too small. Similarly, participants tend to draw oblique angles more oblique than they should be when they are close to perpendicular or overlapping. The current set of experiments investigated whether these categorical errors could predict participants’ drawing ability on a more complex drawing task. A simple linear regression revealed that categorical errors in angle could ...


Undergraduate Research Training Environments: Impact On Research Self-Efficacy, Perceived Utility Of Research, And Willingness To Engage In Research Post-Graduation, Kaitlyn Burke Jan 2018

Undergraduate Research Training Environments: Impact On Research Self-Efficacy, Perceived Utility Of Research, And Willingness To Engage In Research Post-Graduation, Kaitlyn Burke

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Effective research training environments (RTEs) within graduate psychology degree

programs have been shown to increase students' level of research self-efficacy (RSE). Higher

levels of student RSE are likely associated with the greater perceptions of the utility of research

skills and a greater willingness to engage in research-based activities in later professional work.

Relations among the variables of RTEs, RSE, and continuing research-based activities have been

well established among graduate psychology students, but the effect of RTEs in undergraduate

psychology training has not yet been examined. The focus of students’ perceived utility of their

research skills post-graduation was a new addition ...


Fathers In Home Visiting: An Examination Of Father Participation In Iowa Miechv, Neil Alan Rowe Jan 2018

Fathers In Home Visiting: An Examination Of Father Participation In Iowa Miechv, Neil Alan Rowe

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

In this dissertation, father participation in early childhood home visits was examined using observational data from 50 Maternal Infant Early Childhood Home Visiting (MIECHV) home visits where a father figure was present for a visit with a mother receiving services and a target child two years old or younger. The sample included 34 different home visitors. Videos were coded using the HVOF-R and HOVRS A+ observational tools. Fathers were more present and available during home visits than previous research indicates (Holmberg & Olds, 2015; McBride & Peterson, 1997; Raikes, Summers & Roggman, 2005). A father-figure was present in 25.1% of the initial home visit videos with ...


Positive Youth Development Programs Build Civically Engaged Leaders, Brenda S. Allen Jan 2017

Positive Youth Development Programs Build Civically Engaged Leaders, Brenda S. Allen

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Youth participation in meaningful and purposive civic organizations and activities not only impacts the participants’ development, but also influences their involvement in their communities both today and in the future. The combination of the two studies included in this dissertation examine just that. Both studies were conducted utilizing original research by the author utilizing the frameworks of Positive Youth Development (PYD) and experiential learning. The first study is a program evaluation of the Iowa State 4-H Council, assessing the participants’ outcomes in the common measure Life Skill constructs critical to the development of civically engaged individuals, including: citizenship, communication, leadership ...


Measuring The Testing Mode In General Chemistry: The Effect Of Computer Versus Paper Mode On Test Performance, Cognitive Load, And Scratch Paper, Anna Agripina Prisacari Jan 2017

Measuring The Testing Mode In General Chemistry: The Effect Of Computer Versus Paper Mode On Test Performance, Cognitive Load, And Scratch Paper, Anna Agripina Prisacari

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this dissertation was to study the effect of testing mode (giving a test on computer versus paper) in authentic classroom environments. Specifically, this work sought to broaden the pedagogical implications of testing mode by examining variations between computer and paper mode in student test performance, cognitive load, and use of scratch paper. Data were collected from students who were enrolled in undergraduate general chemistry courses. Students took multiple proctored general chemistry tests that included a variety of chemistry topics and three question types: algorithmic, conceptual, and definition. After each test students were provided with correct-answer feedback. The ...


Predicting Academic Major Satisfaction Using Environmental Factors And Self-Determination Theory, Mary Catherine Schenkenfelder Jan 2017

Predicting Academic Major Satisfaction Using Environmental Factors And Self-Determination Theory, Mary Catherine Schenkenfelder

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Environmental factors (faculty integration and student integration) and self-determination theory factors (perceived autonomy, perceived competence, and perceived relatedness) were used to predict academic major satisfaction. It was hypothesized that environmental factors and self-determination factors would directly predict major satisfaction. In line with this, it was predicted that a path model which included environmental factors would prove to be a better fit than a model that did not. It was also predicted that environmental factors would directly predict self-determination factors, and that self-determination factors would mediate the relation between environmental factors and major satisfaction. Path analysis was used to test the ...


The Effects Of Prequestions On Classroom Learning, Shuhebur Rahman Jan 2017

The Effects Of Prequestions On Classroom Learning, Shuhebur Rahman

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Previous laboratory studies have shown that the use of prequestions (questions deployed prior to a learning episode) improves students’ learning. The current study addressed whether these same effects would occur when using prequestions in a classroom setting. In a classroom study the effects of prequestions on immediate and on delayed retention were assessed where some students received questions before lecture (Prequestion Group) and other students did not (Control Group). To determine the immediate effects of prequestions all students were given an end of class quiz in which students in the Prequestion Group had to answer the prequestions as well as ...


How To Engage European-American Participants In Racial Dialogue: The Role Of Dialogue Structure And Mixed Race Groups, Meredith Tittler Jan 2017

How To Engage European-American Participants In Racial Dialogue: The Role Of Dialogue Structure And Mixed Race Groups, Meredith Tittler

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

One effective strategy for combatting racism and promoting understanding across racial lines is group dialogue (e.g., Nagda, 2006). Previous research of racial dialogues has used a self-selecting participant pool of individuals who are motivated to participate in racial dialogues (e.g., Gurin, Nagda & Zuniga, 2013). Research up to this point has not investigated the portion of the population who do not willingly participate in racial dialogues. Previous research suggests that European-Americans may be a portion of the population especially avoidant of racial dialogues (e.g., Sue, 2013). Understanding the reasons European-Americans are avoidant of racial dialogues is an important prerequisite to creating interventions to increase participation. In the current study, I examined factors that affect European-American participants’ interest and willingness to participate in a racial dialogue. The specific factors are: facilitator structuring of the dialogue with ground rules (structured condition) vs. a facilitator who does no structuring beyond introducing the conversation topic (not-structured condition), as well as the effect of being in an inter-group dialogue (mixed race group) vs. an intra-group dialogue (all-European-American group). Participants were randomly assigned to one of four conditions of a racial dialogue vignette varying across the two variables (structured vs. not-structured; inter-group vs. intra-group).

The main findings from this study include a significant interaction between the racial make-up of the dialogue group and the structure of the group on participants’ willingness to share their honest thoughts. It was found that participants were more willing to share their thoughts in structured, mixed-race groups than structured all- European-American groups ...


Closing The Achievement Gap Through Parent Education And Quantitative Linguistic Feedback: The Use Of Lena Start To Improve The Home Linguistic Environment And Parental Knowledge Of Child Development, Craig Van Pay Jan 2017

Closing The Achievement Gap Through Parent Education And Quantitative Linguistic Feedback: The Use Of Lena Start To Improve The Home Linguistic Environment And Parental Knowledge Of Child Development, Craig Van Pay

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study investigates the use of an eight-week, parent-education program (LENA Start™) to increase the amount of child-directed speech, quantity of conversations, and parental knowledge of child development. For most young children, parents or caregivers primarily provide their language and literacy environment. However, all children do not receive the same early experiences due to differences in socioeconomic status or parent knowledge. Such differences can result in varied quantity and quality of linguistic input to the child, influencing later academic achievement. Therefore, interventions to combat the achievement gap between children of low and high socioeconomic status families are used and researched ...


Mining Creativity: Video Game Creativity Learning Effects, Jorge Alberto Blanco-Herrera Jan 2017

Mining Creativity: Video Game Creativity Learning Effects, Jorge Alberto Blanco-Herrera

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Most psychological studies concerning the learning effects of video games have focused on action video games. These popular games emphasize quick-paced combat, narratives, player agency, and problem solving. Although many studies have focused on aggression or visual-spatial cognition effects from the quick-paced combat, the problem-solving aspects have been largely ignored. The present study seeks to expand the existing literature on video game effects by focusing on a rarely-tested outcome: creative production.

As a game with few rules and a high amount of player freedom, Minecraft exemplifies a game that fosters players’ abilities for creative expression. This experimental study compares the ...


The Relationship Between Smartphone Use, Symptoms Of Depression, Symptoms Of Anxiety, And Academic Performance In College Students, Elizabeth Mae Longnecker Jan 2017

The Relationship Between Smartphone Use, Symptoms Of Depression, Symptoms Of Anxiety, And Academic Performance In College Students, Elizabeth Mae Longnecker

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The current study aims to research the relationship between smartphone use, symptoms of anxiety, symptoms of depression, and academic performance. Previous literature suggests that smartphone usage is related to mental health (Ha, Chin, Park, Ryu, and Yu, 2008; Rosen, Whaling, Rab, Carrier, and Cheever, 2013; Rosen, Whaling, Carrier, Cheever, & Rokkum, 2013; Van Ameringen, Mancini, & Farvolden, 2003). Studies have also linked mental health to academic performance in college students (Eisenberg, Golberstein, & Hunt, 2009; Hysenbegasi, Hass, & Rowland, 2005). Young adults ages 18-29 years old are most likely to own and use a smartphone compared to any other age group (Anderson, 2015; Smith, 2015); additionally, 75% of mental health disorders have their first onset before the age of 24. Therefore, the subject sample for this study focuses on college students. It is necessary to examine this relationship to understand possible predictors and provide recommendations on how academic institutions ...


Not All Word Stress Errors Are Created Equal: Validating An English Word Stress Error Gravity Hierarchy, Monica Grace Richards Jan 2016

Not All Word Stress Errors Are Created Equal: Validating An English Word Stress Error Gravity Hierarchy, Monica Grace Richards

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Spoken language has no spaces between its words. Therefore, one of the major tasks facing listeners of any language is determining from the largely continuous stream of speech where the invisible word boundaries lie. Although English is not a language where the position of a word's stressed syllable is reliably fixed, its lexical stress is nevertheless fixed enough that L1 English listeners initially apply the heuristic that strong syllables mark the first syllable of a new word, attempting alternative resegmentations only when this heuristic fails to identify a viable word string (Cutler & Butterfield, 1992; Cutler & Carter, 1987). Thus, English word stress errors can severely disrupt listener processing. This study uses auditory lexical decision and delayed word identification tasks to test a hypothesized English Word Stress Error Gravity Hierarchy synthesizing previous research that has identified vowel quality (Bond, 1979, 1999; Bond & Small, 1983; Cutler, 2012, 2015) and direction ...


The Testing Effect In General Chemistry: Effects Of Repeated Testing On Student Performance Across Different Test Modes, Anna Agripina Prisacari Jan 2015

The Testing Effect In General Chemistry: Effects Of Repeated Testing On Student Performance Across Different Test Modes, Anna Agripina Prisacari

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Research on the testing effect shows that practice tests are more effective than additional studying for enhancing learning. However, there has been little research directly addressing the role of additional testing when students take paper-based or computer-based tests in college courses. Accordingly, the purpose of this study was to investigate the role of the testing effect and test mode on student performance.

The participants were 664 general chemistry students from two large universities in the Midwest and the Pacific Northwest. After covering the test material in their course, students completed two proctored practice tests that included 17 algorithmic question pairs ...


The Transition To Kindergarten: Factors Associated With A Positive Adjustment, Abby Marie Copeman Petig Jan 2015

The Transition To Kindergarten: Factors Associated With A Positive Adjustment, Abby Marie Copeman Petig

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The transition to kindergarten represents a significant milestone in the lives of young children and their families. This period may be both exciting and challenging for families, and there are efforts that parents and educators can make to help ease difficulties that arise during the transition. Working within the framework of Bronfenbrenner’s bioecological model and the concept of academic socialization, the current study used the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study – Kindergarten Class of 1998-99 (ECLS-K) to explore the associations among transition activities, beliefs about school readiness skills, parental involvement in school-based activities, and children’s adjustment to kindergarten. Children in ...


The Relationship Between Perceived Discrimination, Economic Pressure, Depressive Symptoms, And Educational Attainment Of Ethnic Minority Emerging Adults: The Moderating Role Of School Connectedness During Adolescence, Yuk Ching Pang Jan 2015

The Relationship Between Perceived Discrimination, Economic Pressure, Depressive Symptoms, And Educational Attainment Of Ethnic Minority Emerging Adults: The Moderating Role Of School Connectedness During Adolescence, Yuk Ching Pang

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Rising rates of the ethnic minority population in the United States have resulted in a plethora of research addressing minority adolescents' and adults' experiences with stress and discrimination as they reside in the United States. While many studies have focused on the negative impact of both racial discrimination and economic stress that can lead to poorer psychological and academic outcomes, fewer studies have addressed protective factors that can help them to cope with these negative experiences over time. Utilizing data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (Add Health), a longitudinal study that examines adolescents and their ...


Interaction Design Strategies For Open-Ended Play, Michael Tschampl Jan 2014

Interaction Design Strategies For Open-Ended Play, Michael Tschampl

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Open-ended play is initiated by the child where he/she is in full control of the entire play experience, without imposed rules or external structure. This play experience is rewarding, engaging and desirable for children. It is also valued by parents, educators, and psychologists as it aids healthy development of the child, both cognitively and physically. Despite its proven value, children have been initiating open-ended play less often while their use of digital media devices has become more common. There is an opportunity to encourage open-ended play through interaction design. However, designing for open-ended play is difficult due to its ...


A Qualitative Look At Middle Ses Preschoolers: Media Consumption And Social Behaviors, Jaime S. Bell Jan 2014

A Qualitative Look At Middle Ses Preschoolers: Media Consumption And Social Behaviors, Jaime S. Bell

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Young children are being exposed to more television than what is recommended by the American Academy of Pediatrics and previous research has shown that aggression and violence can be correlated with cartoon exposure. However, little research has explored the influence on cartoon viewing on preschoolers in their typical home environments. Using social learning theory as a guide, this research used in depth interviews with parents and caregivers of preschoolers for insight into what types and amount of content preschoolers are consuming and what behaviors observers are witnessing after exposure. Contrary to expectations, participants of this study seemed to perceive more ...


Does Categorical Perception Interfere With Drawing Accuracy?, Larissa F. Arnold Jan 2014

Does Categorical Perception Interfere With Drawing Accuracy?, Larissa F. Arnold

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Drawing is a medium of expression engaged in by humans for centuries. However, very little research has been done on the drawing abilities of average adults. Some researchers (Cohen & Bennet, 1997; Thouless, 1931; Cohen & Jones, 2008) suggest that the way an object is perceived influences and disrupts a person's ability to draw that object accurately. The current experiments investigated whether participants are influenced by categorical coding of relations among the parts of an object and whether this categorical perception interfered with participants' drawing abilities. In experiment 1, we found that participants are influenced by categorical coding of the relative size of ...


Myers-Briggs® Preferences And Academic Success In The First College Semester, Debra K. Sanborn Jan 2013

Myers-Briggs® Preferences And Academic Success In The First College Semester, Debra K. Sanborn

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This research examined aspects of Myers-Briggs® (MBTI®) preferences and academic success in the first college semester. Precollege characteristics of ACT and class rank, academic performance during the first semester of college, and MBTI preference were analyzed for their significance among students within a learning community at a Midwest research university, fall 2004 to fall 2011. Statistical analyses were completed to determine if there is a relationship between type preference and academic success. ENFP, the preference for Extraverted Intuition with Feeling and Perceiving, was the most frequent type preference for students in the sample. ENFP was found to negatively relate to ...


Integrated Classroom Physical Activity: Examining Perceived Need Satisfaction And Academic Performance In Children, Miriam Ann Blom Skrade Jan 2013

Integrated Classroom Physical Activity: Examining Perceived Need Satisfaction And Academic Performance In Children, Miriam Ann Blom Skrade

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Physical activity is related to better academic performance and prevention of childhood obesity. Classroom-based physical activities, based on recent research studies, seem to target both areas successfully. Move for Thought (M4T) is a recently developed kit that integrates physical activities into academic lessons in the classroom. This thesis is the first to examine the kit's impact on children's motivation and math performance. The study aimed to see (a) if eight weeks of M4T integrated with math, compared to traditional lessons (control), would elicit a gain in math performance and (b) if the basic psychological needs in math (autonomy ...


Research-Based Design Of Interactive Multimedia For Solving Instructional Problems, Natalya A. Koehler Jan 2012

Research-Based Design Of Interactive Multimedia For Solving Instructional Problems, Natalya A. Koehler

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation is an effort to demonstrate the design engineering of three multimedia instructional programs. It presents the design studies of three multimedia applications that combine both the effect of multimedia and instructional strategies used in these applications. It contributes to a reasoned and researched set of principles that can be applied effectively using a variety of media in a variety of settings. The evaluation of these multimedia applications conducted in real classrooms allows the researcher to derive instructional principles that are both grounded in theory and supported by evidence from authentic tasks.


Explaining Critical Thinking Skills, Leadership Skills, And Openness To Diversity In Fraternity Members: A Quantitative Analysis, Jonathan M. Turk Jan 2012

Explaining Critical Thinking Skills, Leadership Skills, And Openness To Diversity In Fraternity Members: A Quantitative Analysis, Jonathan M. Turk

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Each year thousands of college students make the choice to join a men's collegiate social fraternity. This study sought to understand how a student's demographic characteristics, academic characteristics, participation in fraternity activities, and chapter characteristics explain growth, learning, and development along three areas: critical thinking, leadership, and openness to diversity. To assess fraternity members' development of critical thinking skills, leadership skills, and openness to diversity, data were collected from members of Delta Tau Delta international fraternity using the University Learning Outcomes Assessment (UniLOA) during the spring of 2011, resulting in a sample size of 1,238 students.

Through ...


The Experiences Of Adult/Child Identity Theft Victims, Axton Betz Jan 2012

The Experiences Of Adult/Child Identity Theft Victims, Axton Betz

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Abstract

Cases of identity theft are increasing, with incidents of child identity theft rising more quickly than other types of identity theft (Cullen, 2007). Identity theft can be financial, medical, and character-related, with parents being the most common perpetrators (Cullen, 2007; Schmidt & McCoy, 2005). There are two categories of child identity theft victims: child victims and adult/child victims. According to Foley and Nelson (2009), adult/child identity theft victims are those who were victimized while under the age of 18 but did not learn of the crime until they were 18 or older. The sample for this study included ...


Bicultural Competence And Education Among Latino, Raquel Botello Zamarron Jan 2012

Bicultural Competence And Education Among Latino, Raquel Botello Zamarron

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Latino student's educational attainment beyond a high school diploma continues to be a societal struggle and topic of research in academia. Enrollment rates continue to increase, however, gaps between initiation and completion of higher education degrees are still prevalent (Fry, 2010). The three dimensions of educational commitment (i.e. Affective, Continuance and Normative) had not been explored among Latino college students despite noted discrepancies between their intended goal and actual persistence (Hellman & Williams-Miller, 2005; Rendon & Nora, 1997). Minority stress has been identified as one of the potential stressors that influence minority students in higher education. This study examined the relationship between ...


Uncertainty And Evolution: Contributions To Identity Development For Female College Students Who Identify As Multiracial/Biracial-Bisexual/Pansexual, Alissa Renee King Jan 2008

Uncertainty And Evolution: Contributions To Identity Development For Female College Students Who Identify As Multiracial/Biracial-Bisexual/Pansexual, Alissa Renee King

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

In this study, I explored how female college students who identify as multiracial/biracial-bisexual/pansexual made meaning of their racial and sexual identities, how they described their identity development process, and the ways in which college contributed to their identity formation. Utilizing a proposed model of biracial-bisexual identity development and the ecology of student development model as foundations for this study, I sought to better understand the experiences both before and during college, and the impacts of those two environments on the processes of racial and sexual identity formation for the female college students in this study. Findings, based on ...


Educational Outcomes Of Children With Absent-Fathers: An Examination Of Children With Deceased Fathers And Children With Fathers Absent For Other Reasons Compared With Children With Fathers Present In A Two-Parent Home, Brandie Marie Ward Jan 2008

Educational Outcomes Of Children With Absent-Fathers: An Examination Of Children With Deceased Fathers And Children With Fathers Absent For Other Reasons Compared With Children With Fathers Present In A Two-Parent Home, Brandie Marie Ward

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Educational outcomes for children with fathers absent due to death and those absent for other reasons were examined with children from two-parent homes using the Adolescent Health data. Children without fathers for any reason completed a year less of school than children living with two parents. Children with deceased fathers and children with fathers absent for other reasons did not differ in the amount of education each completed. There was no association between the child's age when the father died and the amount of education completed, but there was a small relationship between the length of time a child ...


Stability Of Career Aspirations: A Test Of Gottfredson's Theory Of Circumscription And Compromise, Kate E. Junk Jan 2008

Stability Of Career Aspirations: A Test Of Gottfredson's Theory Of Circumscription And Compromise, Kate E. Junk

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Gottfredson's (1981) developmental theory of career choices was evaluated using longitudinal data. This study builds on previous research into Gottfredson's model by addressing methodological issues in the confounding of sex type, prestige, and interest measures when measuring expressed career choices by statistically controlling for the inter-relations among these variables in the analyses. Participants were 2,353 women enrolled at the Seven College Conference Schools and 321 men enrolled at Harvard and Vassar. Expressed career preferences were coded for sex type, prestige, and the Things/People and Data/Ideas interest dimension. Stability of expressed career choices over a one ...