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Full-Text Articles in Education

Effect Of Asynchronous Virtual Interviews On Ethnic Minority Matriculation Into A Doctor Of Physical Therapy Program, Conner Clark, Nanea Lagasca, Gladys Miller, Jasmine Puspos May 2024

Effect Of Asynchronous Virtual Interviews On Ethnic Minority Matriculation Into A Doctor Of Physical Therapy Program, Conner Clark, Nanea Lagasca, Gladys Miller, Jasmine Puspos

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

Purpose/Methods: This study examines the impact of the use of asynchronous virtual interviews (AVIs) in the admissions process of the Doctor of Physical Therapy (DPT) program at the University of Nevada, Las Vegas (UNLV). This research aims to examine racial and ethnic subgroup differences in AVI scores, evaluate the influence of AVIs on applicant scores in the admissions process, and assess the AVI inter-rater reliability among faculty evaluators using data from the 2019-2022 admissions cycles.

Results: Significant differences were found in AVI scores among racial and ethnic groups, with Black applicants scoring highest and Asian applicants scoring lowest. Additionally, inclusion …


Using The History Of Statistics To Teach Introductory Statistics, Melissa Hansen May 2024

Using The History Of Statistics To Teach Introductory Statistics, Melissa Hansen

All Graduate Reports and Creative Projects, Fall 2023 to Present

While often taught in high school and required as part of a college degree, statistics classes are sometimes viewed by students as an obstacle rather than a support for their overall goals. One way to increase student engagement in a statistics course is to use the history of statistics. Within the literature review, the advantages to using the history of statistics are discussed as well as the more extensive research on using the history of mathematics in mathematics courses. Included are instructional strategies for using the context around the development of mathematical ideas in math classrooms which can be extended …


Assessment Of Method Effects Of Keying And Wording In Instruments: A Mixed-Methods Explanatory Sequential Study, Lin Ma Mar 2024

Assessment Of Method Effects Of Keying And Wording In Instruments: A Mixed-Methods Explanatory Sequential Study, Lin Ma

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation presents an innovative approach to examining the keying method, wording method, and construct validity on psychometric instruments. By employing a mixed methods explanatory sequential design, the effects of keying and wording in two psychometric assessments were examined and validated. Those two self-report psychometric assessments were the Effortful Control assessment (Ellis & Rothbart, 2001) and the Grit assessment (Duckworth & Quinn, 2009). Moreover, the quantitative phase utilized structural equation modeling to analyze 2,104 students’ responses and assess the construct of keying and wording. Various hypothetical models were investigated and evaluated. The reliability of each construct in each method was …


Metrics For Comparison Of Complex Networks, Clarissa Reyes Dec 2023

Metrics For Comparison Of Complex Networks, Clarissa Reyes

Open Access Theses & Dissertations

Heuristic network statistics are used as a preliminary approach to identify change across networks. In networks where there is known node correspondence (KNC), conventional network comparison methods include taking a norm of the difference matrix, or calculating dissimilarity measures like DeltaCon and cut distance. Since different KNC measures provide varying insight to the network comparison problem, we propose employing Rank Score Characteristic Functions (RSCFs) and the rank-score process as a method for reaching a consensus when ranking quantified change across multiple pairs of networks â?? which is particularly useful for ranking change across subpopulations or subgraphs. Additionally, we propose a …


Radiation Exposure Calibration Of The Al2o3:C With Radium-226 And Cesium-137 Using The Osl Method, Selma Tepeli Aydin Dec 2023

Radiation Exposure Calibration Of The Al2o3:C With Radium-226 And Cesium-137 Using The Osl Method, Selma Tepeli Aydin

All Theses

Optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) dosimetry was utilized to calibrate Al2O3:C powder dosimeters, available commercially as the nanoDot® from Landauer Inc., and compare the dosimeter response to radium-226 (226Ra) and cesium-137 (137Cs). The signal from the OSL was quantified using a microSTARii® OSL reader also produced by Landauer Inc. Dose-response curves were developed for 226Ra and 137Cs experiments (5 dosimeters each) at thirteen absorbed doses. Individual dosimeter response was tracked by serial number. Linear regression analysis was performed to determine if there were significant differences between the intercepts of the …


Using Gamification To Foster Student Resilience And Motivation To Learn, And Using Games To Teach Significance Testing Concepts In The Statistics Classroom, Todd Partridge Dec 2023

Using Gamification To Foster Student Resilience And Motivation To Learn, And Using Games To Teach Significance Testing Concepts In The Statistics Classroom, Todd Partridge

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations, Fall 2023 to Present

Two studies are outlined in this dissertation.

In the first study, elements of Super Mario Bros. videos games were used to change the way college students in a beginners’ statistics course were graded on their work. This was part of an effort to help students remain optimistic in the face of challenging coursework and even failure on assignments and tests. The study shows that the changes made to the grading structure did help students to keep trying and to use the materials given to them by their professor until they achieved their desired grade in the course, and suggests ways …


Identifying Advantages To Teaching Linear Regression In A Modeling And Simulation Introductory Statistics Curriculum, Kit Harris Clement Jun 2023

Identifying Advantages To Teaching Linear Regression In A Modeling And Simulation Introductory Statistics Curriculum, Kit Harris Clement

Dissertations and Theses

Statistical association is a key facet of statistical literacy: claims based on relationships between variables or ideas rooted in data are found everywhere in media and discourse. A key development in introductory statistics curricula is the use of simulation-based inference, which has shown positive outcomes for students, especially in regards to statistical literacy and conceptual understanding. In this dissertation project, I investigate students from the Change Agents for the Teaching and Learning of STatistics (CATALST) curriculum in activities I designed for learning statistical association and linear regression. First, I analyzed the informal line fitting strategies of CATALST students. Findings suggest …


Special Education: Inclusion And Exclusion In The K-12 U.S. Educational System, Erik Brault May 2023

Special Education: Inclusion And Exclusion In The K-12 U.S. Educational System, Erik Brault

Dissertations

The U.S. Department of Education defines students with disabilities as those having a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more life activities. Previous research has found that students with disabilities placed in inclusive environments perform better academically and socially compared to students with disabilities who are placed in segregated environments. Yet, we know that inclusion in K-12 general education classrooms across the country is not consistently implemented.

The purpose of this study was to better understand the effects, if any, of general education high school teachers’ personal and professional experiences and knowledge on their attitudes toward educating …


Utilizing New Technologies To Measure Therapy Effectiveness For Mental And Physical Health, Jonathan Ossie May 2023

Utilizing New Technologies To Measure Therapy Effectiveness For Mental And Physical Health, Jonathan Ossie

Dissertations

Mental health is quickly becoming a major policy concern, with recent data reporting increasing and disproportionately worse mental health outcomes, including anxiety, depression, increased substance abuse, and elevated suicidal ideation. One specific population that is especially high risk for these issues is the military community because military conflict, deployment stressors, and combat exposure contribute to the risk of mental health problems.

Although several pharmacological approaches have been employed to combat this epidemic, their efficacy is mixed at best, which has led to novel nonpharmacological approaches. One such approach is Operation Surf, a nonprofit that provides nature-based programs advocating the restorative …


Hispanic Human Capital And Financial Aid Application In The West Census Region, Benjamin Lundy-Paine May 2023

Hispanic Human Capital And Financial Aid Application In The West Census Region, Benjamin Lundy-Paine

Capstone Projects and Master's Theses

As of 2021, very few Hispanic residents in the United States held a college degree in comparison to non-Hispanic residents. Research has shown that, particularly for Hispanic students, financial aid increases college persistence. Hispanic Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA) submission rates rank among the lowest, preventing many Hispanic students from receiving financial assistance. This issue is most prevalent West Census Region (WCR), where there is the highest concentration of Hispanic residents. To understand what barriers may be preventing Hispanic submission in the WCR this Capstone used logistic regression models to analyze student-level data from the National Center for …


Teaching About The Global Refugee Crisis, Melissa Kafer Apr 2023

Teaching About The Global Refugee Crisis, Melissa Kafer

Honors Projects

Around the world, there are more than 30 million refugees (UNHCR, 2023) facing language barriers, cultural differences, prejudice, racism, and xenophobia. The number of admitted refugees in 2022 has more than doubled since 2021 (Duffin, 2022), and yet, many Americans do not know or understand the global refugee crisis. There are misconceptions in America that cause lack of empathy, bias, and prejudice towards refugees. Through the creation of four lesson plans, this research project aims to discover Americans’ misunderstandings regarding refugees and teach them about the crisis to remedy the misconceptions. This study includes a literature review detailing appropriate teaching …


Beginner's Analysis Of Financial Stochastic Process Models, David Garcia Jan 2023

Beginner's Analysis Of Financial Stochastic Process Models, David Garcia

HMC Senior Theses

This thesis explores the use of geometric Brownian motion (GBM) as a financial model for predicting stock prices. The model is first introduced and its assumptions and limitations are discussed. Then, it is shown how to simulate GBM in order to predict stock price values. The performance of the GBM model is then evaluated in two different periods of time to determine whether it's accuracy has changed before and after March 23, 2020.


Investigating Collaborative Explainable Ai (Cxai)/Social Forum As An Explainable Ai (Xai) Method In Autonomous Driving (Ad), Tauseef Ibne Mamun Jan 2023

Investigating Collaborative Explainable Ai (Cxai)/Social Forum As An Explainable Ai (Xai) Method In Autonomous Driving (Ad), Tauseef Ibne Mamun

Dissertations, Master's Theses and Master's Reports

Explainable AI (XAI) systems primarily focus on algorithms, integrating additional information into AI decisions and classifications to enhance user or developer comprehension of the system's behavior. These systems often incorporate untested concepts of explainability, lacking grounding in the cognitive and educational psychology literature (S. T. Mueller et al., 2021). Consequently, their effectiveness may be limited, as they may address problems that real users don't encounter or provide information that users do not seek.

In contrast, an alternative approach called Collaborative XAI (CXAI), as proposed by S. Mueller et al (2021), emphasizes generating explanations without relying solely on algorithms. CXAI centers …


An Empirical Investigation Into The Impact Of Automated Grading, Alex James St. Aubin May 2022

An Empirical Investigation Into The Impact Of Automated Grading, Alex James St. Aubin

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

Context: Computer Science enrollment has seen increases in recent years. At the University of Nevada, Las Vegas we have seen an average year to year growth rate of 17.33% in the spring and 13.71% in the fall over the past 10 years in our entry level programming course. These enrollment increases have led to considerable additional costs for grading course material.Objective: The goal of this study is to determine the impact of automatic grading systems on students. If automatic grading is at least as effective as manual grading in practice, it may reduce cost under the context of at least …


Posterior Predictive Model Checking Of The Hierarchical Rater Model, Nnamdi Chika Ezike May 2022

Posterior Predictive Model Checking Of The Hierarchical Rater Model, Nnamdi Chika Ezike

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Fitting wrongly specified models to observed data may lead to invalid inferences about the model parameters of interest. The current study investigated the performance of the posterior predictive model checking (PPMC) approach in detecting model-data misfit of the hierarchical rater model (HRM). The HRM is a rater-mediated model that incorporates components of the polytomous item response theory (IRT) model, such as the partial credit model (PCM) and generalized partial credit model (GPCM), at the second level of the hierarchy, to model examinees’ responses to performance assessments. To date, the HRM has not been rigorously evaluated using PPMC techniques. Monte Carlo …


Aberrant Responding With Underlying Dominance And Unfolding Response Processes: Examining Model Fit And Performance Of Person-Fit Statistics, Jennifer A. Reimers May 2022

Aberrant Responding With Underlying Dominance And Unfolding Response Processes: Examining Model Fit And Performance Of Person-Fit Statistics, Jennifer A. Reimers

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Researchers have recognized that respondents may not answer items in a way that accurately reflects their attitude or trait level being measured. The resulting response data that deviates from what would be expected has been shown to have significant effects on the psychometric properties of a scale and analytical results. However, many studies that have investigated the detection of aberrant data and its effects have done so using dominance item response theory (IRT) models. It is unknown whether the impacts of aberrant data and the methodology used to identify aberrant responding when using dominance IRT models apply similarly when scales …


Comparative Analysis Of Trends In American Physics Education, Adam Tyler Crank Mar 2022

Comparative Analysis Of Trends In American Physics Education, Adam Tyler Crank

Honors Capstone Projects and Theses

No abstract provided.


Mis-Specification Of Functional Forms In Growth Mixture Modeling: A Monte Carlo Simulation, Richa Ghevarghese Jan 2022

Mis-Specification Of Functional Forms In Growth Mixture Modeling: A Monte Carlo Simulation, Richa Ghevarghese

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Growth mixture modeling (GMM) is a methodological tool used to represent heterogeneity in longitudinal datasets through the identification of unobserved subgroups following qualitatively and quantitatively distinct trajectories in a population. These growth trajectories or functional forms are informed by the underlying developmental theory, are distinct to each subgroup, and form the core assumptions of the model. Therefore, the accuracy of the assumed functional forms of growth strongly influences substantive research and theories of growth. While there is evidence of mis-specified functional forms of growth in GMM literature, the weight of this violation has been largely overlooked. Current solutions to circumvent …


An Analysis On Trends Of Research Topics In Civic Education Using Dynamic Topic Model, Poon Thongsai Jan 2022

An Analysis On Trends Of Research Topics In Civic Education Using Dynamic Topic Model, Poon Thongsai

Chulalongkorn University Theses and Dissertations (Chula ETD)

The aim of this thesis is to study the trend of civic and citizenship education research from 2000 to 2020 and the influence the regional background of researches has on the research discussion. Relevant data is collected from ERIC and SCOPUS database. This includes abstracts, published year, regional background of researchers, and author h-index. The keywords used are “civic education” or “citizenship education” or “civics”. There are 4917 papers extracted in total. Upon doing further preparation, 4854 articles are prepared for analysis. We apply Structural Topic model (STM) technique to the abstracts with covariates including the published year and the …


สมรรถนะดิจิทัลขององค์กรทหาร: การวิเคราะห์องค์ประกอบเชิงสำรวจและเชิงยืนยันพหุระดับ, รัมณรา สมประสงค์ Jan 2022

สมรรถนะดิจิทัลขององค์กรทหาร: การวิเคราะห์องค์ประกอบเชิงสำรวจและเชิงยืนยันพหุระดับ, รัมณรา สมประสงค์

Chulalongkorn University Theses and Dissertations (Chula ETD)

สมรรถนะดิจิทัลขององค์กรทหารในปัจจุบันมีความสำคัญต่อการปฏิบัติงานในยุคของการเปลี่ยนแปลงทางดิจิทัลที่เกิดขึ้นอย่างรวดเร็ว งานวิจัยนี้เป็นงานวิจัยเชิงบรรยาย มีวัตถุประสงค์ดังนี้ 1) เพื่อสังเคราะห์ตัวชี้วัดสมรรถนะดิจิทัลขององค์กรทหาร 2) เพื่อสำรวจองค์ประกอบพหุระดับสมรรถนะดิจิทัลขององค์กรทหาร 3) เพื่อตรวจสอบความสอดคล้องเชิงประจักษ์ขององค์ประกอบพหุระดับสมรรถนะดิจิทัลขององค์กรทหาร ตัวอย่างวิจัย เป็นบุคลากรระดับปฏิบัติการในองค์กรทหารสังกัดกระทรวงกลาโหม 50 หน่วยงาน จำนวน 860 คน สำหรับใช้ในการวิเคราะห์องค์ประกอบเชิงสำรวจพหุระดับ และจำนวน 863 คน สำหรับใช้ในการวิเคราะห์องค์ประกอบเชิงยืนยันพหุระดับ เครื่องมือที่ใช้ในการวิจัยเพื่อการวิเคราะห์องค์ประกอบพหุระดับ คือแบบวัดสมรรถนะดิจิทัลขององค์กรทหาร ประกอบไปด้วย 2 ตอน คือ ข้อมูลพื้นฐานของกำลังพลผู้ตอบแบบสอบถาม และแบบวัดสมรรถนะดิจิทัลขององค์กรทหาร จำนวน 69 ข้อคำถาม วิเคราะห์ข้อมูลด้วยโปรแกรม IBM SPSS Statistics 22 และ MPlus6 ผลการวิจัยพบว่า (1) ตัวชี้วัดสมรรถนะดิจิทัลขององค์กรทหาร ประกอบไปด้วย 16 ตัวชี้วัด ได้แก่ 1) การวางแผนการใช้งานอุปกรณ์เทคโนโลยีดิจิทัลแบบบูรณาการ 2) การสืบค้นข้อมูลทางดิจิทัล 3) การประเมินความน่าเชื่อถือของข้อมูล 4) การใช้งานเทคโนโลยีเบื้องต้น 5) การแก้ปัญหาจากการใช้เทคโนโลยีดิจิทัล 6) การใช้อินทราเน็ตขององค์กร 7) การรักษาความลับในโลกไซเบอร์ 8) การจัดการไฟล์ดิจิทัลทางการทหาร 9) การเข้าถึงไฟล์ดิจิทัลในกรณีปฏิบัติงานนอกสถานที่ 10) การจัดการฐานข้อมูลทางการทหาร 11) การใช้สื่อดิจิทัลทางไกลเพื่อการสื่อสารทางการทหาร 12) การนำเสนอข้อมูลทางทหารในรูปแบบดิจิทัล 13) การสร้างสิ่งแวดล้อมทางดิจิทัลเพื่อการทำงาน 14) การตระหนักถึงความปลอดภัยบนโลกไซเบอร์ 15) การรักษามารยาทในสังคมดิจิทัล 16) เจตคติต่อการใช้เทคโนโลยีดิจิทัลในองค์กร (2) องค์ประกอบเชิงสำรวจพหุระดับสมรรถนะดิจิทัลขององค์กรทหาร มีจำนวน 3 โมเดล คือ 1) องค์ประกอบระดับระดับบุคคล 4 องค์ประกอบ ระดับองค์กร 1 องค์ประกอบ 2) องค์ประกอบระดับบุคคล 4 องค์ประกอบ ระดับองค์กร 2 องค์ประกอบ 3) องค์ประกอบระดับบุคคล …


Sampling Distribution Of Non-Overlap Indices Using Bootstrapping Procedure : A Monte Carlo Simulation Study And Empirical Demonstration, Xinyun Xu Jan 2022

Sampling Distribution Of Non-Overlap Indices Using Bootstrapping Procedure : A Monte Carlo Simulation Study And Empirical Demonstration, Xinyun Xu

Legacy Theses & Dissertations (2009 - 2024)

Statistics can be either parametric or non-parametric, depending on whether distributional assumptions about the data and sampling distributions are required. Parametric and non-parametric approaches each include a variety of inferential methods. These methods can be seen in the field of single-case experimental design (SCED). By reviewing one of the most used groups of statistics for SCED research (Jamshidi et al., 2022; Maggin et al., 2011), the non-overlap indices, one major issue arose. It is challenging to make inferences and interpretations about non-overlap indices. The main reason for this issue is that non-overlap indices have inconsistent and unknown sampling distributions (under …


ประสิทธิภาพของวิธีการจัดการข้อมูลไม่สมดุลสำหรับการจำแนกกลุ่มภายใต้เงื่อนไขที่แตกต่างกัน, กาญธนา ลออสิริกุล Jan 2022

ประสิทธิภาพของวิธีการจัดการข้อมูลไม่สมดุลสำหรับการจำแนกกลุ่มภายใต้เงื่อนไขที่แตกต่างกัน, กาญธนา ลออสิริกุล

Chulalongkorn University Theses and Dissertations (Chula ETD)

การวิจัยนี้มีจุดประสงค์เพื่อศึกษาปฏิสัมพันธ์ของวิธีการปรับสมดุลข้อมูลกับเงื่อนไขด้านขนาดตัวอย่าง เทคนิคการจำแนกข้อมูล จำนวนตัวแปรระหว่างกลุ่มตัวแปรจัดประเภทต่อกลุ่มตัวแปรต่อเนื่อง อัตราออด และร้อยละของจำนวนข้อมูลกลุ่มหลักต่อข้อมูลกลุ่มรองที่มีต่อประสิทธิภาพของการจำแนกกลุ่ม การปรับสมดุลของข้อมูลแบ่งออกเป็น 3 วิธี ได้แก่ (1) ไม่ปรับสมดุล (2) วิธี random oversampling และ (3) วิธีผสมผสานระหว่างรูปแบบสุ่มเกินและสุ่มลด (hybrid) โดยใช้แพคเกจ ROSE ส่วนเงื่อนไขด้านขนาดตัวอย่างแบ่งออกเป็น ขนาดตัวอย่างเท่ากับ 100 300 และ 500 หน่วย ด้านเทคนิคการจำแนกข้อมูล แบ่งออกเป็น 4 วิธี ได้แก่ (1) เคเนียร์เรสเนเบอร์ (2) การถดถอยโลจิสติก (3) แรนดอมฟอร์เรส และ (4) ซัพพอร์ตเวกเตอร์แมชชีน ตัวแปรจากการจำลองแบ่งออกเป็นตัวแปรตามซึ่งจำลองด้วยการถดถอยโลจิสติก ส่วนตัวแปรอิสระในการจำลองข้อมูลครั้งนี้จะกำหนดให้ใช้ตัวแปรอิสระจำลองทั้งหมด 8 ตัว โดยกำหนดให้มีจำนวนตัวแปรระหว่างกลุ่มตัวแปรจัดประเภทต่อกลุ่มตัวแปรต่อเนื่อง 3 กรณี คือ 4:4 5:3 และ 6:2 ในขณะที่ระดับของอัตราออด จะสุ่มค่าจากช่วง [1,2) หรือ [2,3) และร้อยละของข้อมูลระหว่างข้อมูลกลุ่มหลักต่อข้อมูลกลุ่มรอง แบ่งออกเป็น 2 กรณี ได้แก่ 60:40 และ 70:30 พิจารณาเกณฑ์ประสิทธิภาพของข้อมูลด้วยตัวชี้วัดความถูกต้องในการจำแนก ความไว และความจำเพาะ การจำลองแต่ละสถานการณ์จะทำซ้ำสถานการณ์ละ 500 รอบ การวิเคราะห์ปฏิสัมพันธ์ระหว่างวิธีการปรับสมดุลข้อมูลกับเงื่อนไขต่าง ๆ ใช้การวิเคราะห์ความแปรปรวนพหุคูณหลายทาง (n-way MANOVA) ผลการวิจัยพบว่า วิธีการปรับสมดุลข้อมูลมีปฏิสัมพันธ์แบบสองทางกับเงื่อนไขด้านขนาดตัวอย่าง ร้อยละของข้อมูลระหว่างข้อมูลกลุ่มหลักต่อข้อมูลกลุ่มรอง อัตราออด และเทคนิคการจำแนกข้อมูล และพบปฏิสัมพันธ์แบบสามทางกับเงื่อนไขต่อไปนี้ (1) ขนาดตัวอย่างและจำนวนตัวแปรระหว่างกลุ่มตัวแปรจัดประเภทต่อกลุ่มตัวแปรต่อเนื่อง (2) ขนาดตัวอย่างและเทคนิคการจำแนกข้อมูล และ (3) ร้อยละของข้อมูลระหว่างข้อมูลกลุ่มหลักต่อข้อมูลกลุ่มรอง และเทคนิคการจำแนกข้อมูล ดังนั้นนักวิเคราะห์ข้อมูลควรเลือกใช้วิธีการปรับสมดุลข้อมูลโดยพิจารณาให้เหมาะสมกับสภาพของข้อมูลที่ใช้ในการวิเคราะห์


Improving College Students’ Views And Beliefs Relative To Mathematics: A Systematic Literature Review Followed By A Multiple Case Mixed Methods Exploration Of The Experiences That Underpin Community College Students’ Attitudes, Self-Efficacy, And Values In Mathematics, Marquita H. Sea Jan 2022

Improving College Students’ Views And Beliefs Relative To Mathematics: A Systematic Literature Review Followed By A Multiple Case Mixed Methods Exploration Of The Experiences That Underpin Community College Students’ Attitudes, Self-Efficacy, And Values In Mathematics, Marquita H. Sea

Theses and Dissertations

Mathematics is particularly important due to its relevance in our daily lives. It is a general requirement throughout schooling. Unfortunately, many students openly declare negative views/beliefs regarding math in their personal and academic lives. These in turn, negatively influence students’ achievement related behaviors and outcomes. First, a systematic literature review was conducted to determine what types of studies/initiatives have aimed to enhance students’ views/beliefs relative to mathematics, including domain general and specific perceptions of math as well as their judgements of who is successful in mathematics and if they themselves can be successful. Specifically, the review centered on the components …


Teacher Education Programs Of Top Pisa Scoring Countries, Stephanie Kafer Dec 2021

Teacher Education Programs Of Top Pisa Scoring Countries, Stephanie Kafer

Honors Projects

This research paper aims to investigate the teacher education programs of four different countries that have consistently scored high on the international Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) test. This project intends to answer two questions: What locations consistently perform high on the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) test? What do the teacher training programs look like for these locations and are there commonalities between programs of different locations? The first question is answered using statistics of PISA scores from the past twenty years and from those statistics, the top four countries that this paper focuses on are Finland, …


Integration Of Blockchain Technology Into Automobiles To Prevent And Study The Causes Of Accidents, John Kim Dec 2021

Integration Of Blockchain Technology Into Automobiles To Prevent And Study The Causes Of Accidents, John Kim

Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations

Automobile collisions occur daily. We now live in an information-driven world, one where technology is quickly evolving. Blockchain technology can change the automotive industry, the safety of the motoring public and its surrounding environment by incorporating this vast array of information. It can place safety and efficiency at the forefront to pedestrians, public establishments, and provide public agencies with pertinent information securely and efficiently. Other industries where Blockchain technology has been effective in are as follows: supply chain management, logistics, and banking. This paper reviews some statistical information regarding automobile collisions, Blockchain technology, Smart Contracts, Smart Cities; assesses the feasibility …


Measurement Invariance Across Immigrant And Non-Immigrant Populations On Pisa Cognitive And Non-Cognitive Scales, Maritza Casas Oct 2021

Measurement Invariance Across Immigrant And Non-Immigrant Populations On Pisa Cognitive And Non-Cognitive Scales, Maritza Casas

Doctoral Dissertations

International large-scale educational assessments (ILSAs) have played a relevant role in educational policies targeting immigrant students across countries as their results are used by governments as input for decision-making purposes. Given the potential impact that ILSAs can have, the psychometric features of these assessments must be carefully assessed and empirical evidence about the extent to which the inferences made based on test results are valid must be collected. To do so, the first step is to determine if the test results have the same meaning across countries and groups of examinees that is, if the measures are invariant so that …


Using Generalizability And Rasch Measurement Theory To Ensure Rigorous Measurement In An International Development Education Evaluation, Louise Bahry Oct 2021

Using Generalizability And Rasch Measurement Theory To Ensure Rigorous Measurement In An International Development Education Evaluation, Louise Bahry

Doctoral Dissertations

Between the United States and Great Britain, over 30 billion USD was spent in 2018 on international aid, over a billion of which is dedicated to education programs alone. Recently, there has been increased attention on the rigorous evaluation of aid-funded programs, moving beyond counting outputs to the measurement of educational impact. The current study uses two methodological approaches (Generalizability (Brennan, 1992, 2001) and Rasch Measurement Theory (Andrich, 1978; Rasch, 1980; Wright & Masters, 1982) to analyze data from math and literacy assessments, and self-report surveys used in an international evaluation of an educational initiative in the Democratic Republic of …


Development And Validation Of A Scale To Measure Songwriting Self-Efficacy (Sses) With Secondary Music Students, Patrick K. Cooper Jul 2021

Development And Validation Of A Scale To Measure Songwriting Self-Efficacy (Sses) With Secondary Music Students, Patrick K. Cooper

USF Tampa Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Social cognitive theory was developed to explain how individuals learn, in part, by witnessing the behavior of others. Self-efficacy is a construct within social cognitive theory which indicates the beliefs that an individual can be successful at a task under specific situational demands. The sources of self-efficacy include self-evaluating past experiences to predict future success, comparing our abilities to those around us, the verbal and social feedback we get from others, and the physiological feelings we experience when engaged in or thinking about the task. Measures of self-efficacy have been shown to be accurate predictors of successful learning outcomes, achievement, …


Is Gallaudet Diverse? Creating An R Package To Measure Institutional Diversity, Emelia Beldon May 2021

Is Gallaudet Diverse? Creating An R Package To Measure Institutional Diversity, Emelia Beldon

Undergraduate University Honors Capstones

One of the biggest trends in social science is the study of racial and ethnic diversity measures. Numerous scholarly articles and journals detail how important it is to encourage a racially and ethnically diverse community in higher education. However, the question remains: how do we accurately measure racial and ethnic diversity? Furthermore, how do we present the diversity in terms of statistics for best use? With this project, I answer these questions. I created an R software package, diversityGV, to measure institutional racial and ethnic diversity using the Generalized Variance mathematical approach. I then used diversityGV with a dataset from …


Moving Past ‘One Size Fits All’: Developing A Trajectory Deviance Index For Dynamic Measurement Modeling, Yixiao Dong Jan 2021

Moving Past ‘One Size Fits All’: Developing A Trajectory Deviance Index For Dynamic Measurement Modeling, Yixiao Dong

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Dynamic Measurement Modeling (DMM) is a recently developed measurement framework for gauging developing constructs (e.g., learning capacity) that conventional single-timepoint tests cannot assess. Like most measurement models, overall model fit indices of DMM do not indicate the measurement appropriateness for each included student. For this reason, other measurement modeling paradigms (e.g., Item-Response Theory; IRT) utilize person-fit or model appropriateness statistics to indicate whether a measurement model appropriately describes the data from each individual student. However, within the extant DMM framework, no statistical index has yet been developed for this purpose. Thus, the current project advanced a person-specific DMM Trajectory Deviance …