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2018

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Full-Text Articles in Education

Seven Trends: The Transformation Of The Teaching Force – Updated October 2018, Richard M. Ingersoll, Elizabeth Merrill, Daniel Stuckey, Gregory Collins Nov 2018

Seven Trends: The Transformation Of The Teaching Force – Updated October 2018, Richard M. Ingersoll, Elizabeth Merrill, Daniel Stuckey, Gregory Collins

CPRE Research Reports

Report amended November 1, 2018.

Has the elementary and secondary teaching force changed in recent years? And, if so, how? Have the types and kinds of individuals going into teaching changed? Have the demographic characteristics of those working in classrooms altered? This report summarizes the results of an exploratory research project that investigated what trends and changes have, or have not, occurred in the teaching force over the past three decades.

Our main data source was the Schools and Staffing Survey (SASS) and its supplement, the Teacher Follow-Up Survey (TFS) – collectively the largest and most comprehensive source of data on ...


Experimental Impacts Of The Ongoing Assessment Project On Teachers And Students, Jonathan A. Supovitz, Caroline B. Ebby, Janine Remillard, Robert A. Nathenson Oct 2018

Experimental Impacts Of The Ongoing Assessment Project On Teachers And Students, Jonathan A. Supovitz, Caroline B. Ebby, Janine Remillard, Robert A. Nathenson

CPRE Research Reports

In this report, we describe the results of a rigorous two-year study of the impacts of a mathematics initiative called Ongoing Assessment Project (OGAP) on teacher and student learning in grades 3-5 in two Philadelphia area school districts. OGAP is a mathematics program which combines teacher formative assessment practices with knowledge of student developmental progressions to build deeper student understanding of mathematics content. OGAP includes teacher professional development, classroom resources, school-based routines for regular practice, and ongoing school-based supports. The study was conducted in 61 schools during the 2014-15 and 2015-16 school years, with OGAP randomly assigned to 31 schools ...


Examining Systems Of Student Support, Brooks Bowden, Atsuko Muroga, Anyi Wang, Robert Shand, Henry M. Levin Oct 2018

Examining Systems Of Student Support, Brooks Bowden, Atsuko Muroga, Anyi Wang, Robert Shand, Henry M. Levin

Center for Benefit-Cost Studies of Education

No abstract provided.


Ecdataworks Data Story Activity Guide, Kate Grannemann, Ruth Lett, Philip M. Sirinides Sep 2018

Ecdataworks Data Story Activity Guide, Kate Grannemann, Ruth Lett, Philip M. Sirinides

CPRE Conference Presentations and Papers

Learning from data is not easy. Developing data stories can support data use among stakeholders at the state and local levels. This resource is intended to support stakeholders working in small groups to develop data stories requiring integrated early childhood data, but can support planning for the use of other types of data as well. The goal of this activity is to engage stakeholders and build a shared understanding of data needs and uses through facilitated conversations.


Positive Education In Hong Kong: Opportunities, Challenges And Recommendations For Implementation, Carl M. S. Chung Aug 2018

Positive Education In Hong Kong: Opportunities, Challenges And Recommendations For Implementation, Carl M. S. Chung

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Capstone Projects

Hong Kong education is the legacy of the Confucian Chinese culture and British colonialism. While regarded internationally as a hub of world-class education, Hong Kong education is also said to be examination-oriented and results-driven, trading off the psychological health of secondary students, teachers, and parents. We argue that positive education, with adaptations to local context, provides a balanced approach that promotes both well-being and academic excellence. This paper first explores the historical, cultural, and societal factors that have shaped Hong Kong education system. Through which, we identified teacher resistance and reactive parenting strategies as key local challenges to positive education ...


Improving Data, Improving Outcomes Conference (Ecdataworks), Missy Coffey, Kate Grannemann, Philip Sirinides Aug 2018

Improving Data, Improving Outcomes Conference (Ecdataworks), Missy Coffey, Kate Grannemann, Philip Sirinides

CPRE Conference Presentations and Papers

No abstract provided.


Changes In Classroom Quality Predict Ghanaian Preschoolers’ Gains In Academic And Social-Emotional Skills, Dana Mccoy, Sharon Wolf Aug 2018

Changes In Classroom Quality Predict Ghanaian Preschoolers’ Gains In Academic And Social-Emotional Skills, Dana Mccoy, Sharon Wolf

GSE Faculty Research

Rates of participation in early childhood education (ECE) programs are on the rise globally, including in sub-Saharan Africa. Yet little evidence exists on the quality of these programs and on the role of classroom quality in predicting learning for young children across diverse contexts. This study uses data from the Greater Accra Region of Ghana (N = 3,407; Mage = 5.8 years; 49.5% female) to examine how changes in four culturally-validated dimensions of ECE classroom quality predict children’s growth in early academic and social-emotional skills from the beginning to the end of one academic year. We find that ...


Better Together: Enhancing Team Collaboration In Science (Etcsi) To Improve Well-Being And Medicine Discovery, Lara S. Kallander Aug 2018

Better Together: Enhancing Team Collaboration In Science (Etcsi) To Improve Well-Being And Medicine Discovery, Lara S. Kallander

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Capstone Projects

Public health is dependent on the discovery of new medicines, and due to the considerable investment already required, the discovery process needs to be made more efficient. One approach is to use positive psychology to enhance collaboration among scientific researchers, which would lead to the discovery of more medicines by enhancing innovation, problem solving, and decision making. Scientists are technical experts that are not trained in collaboration skills despite this being critical to their success in the workplace. A one-day training program has been developed here to enhance team collaboration in science (ETCSi). Building skills in trust, communication, and belonging ...


Creative Problem Solving As A Positive Intervention And Approach To Career Development, Laura Delprato Aug 2018

Creative Problem Solving As A Positive Intervention And Approach To Career Development, Laura Delprato

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Capstone Projects

Every year, over 19 million college students in the United States face big decisions like choosing a major, securing an internship, and deciding their next steps after graduation (National Center for Education Statistics, 2018). With rapid advancements in the world of work, there are many emerging environmental factors that make these decisions complex and challenging (Callanan, Perri, & Tomkowicz, 2017). This paper explores how positive psychology and creative problem solving research can support students as they make career-related decisions and design their lives. Advancements in positive psychology build a foundation of research that supports work as a pathway to flourishing. Accordingly ...


Rooted In Resilience: A Framework For The Integration Of Well-Being In Teacher Education Programs, Jessica Spurgeon, Lauren Thompson Aug 2018

Rooted In Resilience: A Framework For The Integration Of Well-Being In Teacher Education Programs, Jessica Spurgeon, Lauren Thompson

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Capstone Projects

The process of teaching students is incredibly difficult. Oftentimes, the adversities of the profession sway highly effective teachers into social and emotional deficits, and eventually lead to burnout (Spilt, Koomen, & Thijs, 2011; Wisniewski & Gargiulo, 1997). Emotional depletion, burnout, and high attrition in the profession may be costly for the educational system – both financially and academically (Klusmann, Richter, & Lüdtke, 2016). We suggest that the key to preventing burnout, and cultivating flourishing students, is through the educators themselves. Educators who are taught, practice, and implement the skills of well-being at the onset of their careers are more likely to positively adapt and endure the ...


Monasteries Of The Future, Miles G. Bukiet Aug 2018

Monasteries Of The Future, Miles G. Bukiet

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Capstone Projects

For millennia, monasteries have been at the forefront of training virtues such as compassion, transcendence, service, gratitude, forgiveness, and grit, as well as foundational psychological capacities such as self-regulation, sustained, voluntary attention, emotional intelligence, and meta-cognitive awareness. Monasteries of the Future are modern institutions, both secular and religious, designed to provide the requisite financial, social, intellectual, and instructional support necessary to train a new generation of contemplative adepts. Forming a network of centers which collaborate and compete, Monasteries of the Future will establish and uphold the highest standards in the contemplative field. By partnering with modern science, most notably positive ...


Harry Potter And The Enhancement Of Hope: What Harry Potter And Positive Psychology Can Teach Us About The Good Life, Ashley Wolf Aug 2018

Harry Potter And The Enhancement Of Hope: What Harry Potter And Positive Psychology Can Teach Us About The Good Life, Ashley Wolf

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Capstone Projects

This capstone explores J.K. Rowling’s Harry Potter books through the lens of positive psychology, the scientific study of human flourishing. Specifically, it proposes that reading Harry Potter is a positive intervention, an evidence-based activity that enhances peoples well-being, especially given its potential to spark hope in its readers. Hope is one of the positive psychological character strengths most associated with happiness and life satisfaction, yet is one of the least endorsed worldwide. This suggests a need to offer people around the world easily accessible interventions through which they can cultivate more hope. Through its ubiquitous ability to resonate ...


Childhood Inequality In China, Natalie A. E. Young, Emily Hannum Jul 2018

Childhood Inequality In China, Natalie A. E. Young, Emily Hannum

Penn Education and Inequality Working Papers

In recent decades, China has transformed from a relatively egalitarian society to a highly unequal one. What are the implications of high levels of inequality for the lives of children? Drawing on two newly available, nationally representative datasets, the China Family Panel Studies and the China Education Panel Survey, we develop a comprehensive portrait of childhood inequality in post-reform China. Analyses reveal stark disparities between children from different socioeconomic backgrounds in family environments and in welfare outcomes, including physical health, psychosocial health, and educational performance. We argue that childhood inequality in China is driven not only by the deprivations of ...


Minnesota Reading Corps Pre-K Program Cost Analysis, Brooks Bowden, Maya Escueta, Atsuko Muroga, Viviana Rodriguez, Henry M. Levin Jul 2018

Minnesota Reading Corps Pre-K Program Cost Analysis, Brooks Bowden, Maya Escueta, Atsuko Muroga, Viviana Rodriguez, Henry M. Levin

Center for Benefit-Cost Studies of Education

The Minnesota Reading Corps (MRC) program is a statewide AmeriCorps early literacy initiative that aims to foster emergent literacy skills of children to ensure reading proficiency by the end of grade 3. MRC and its host organization, Reading & Math, Inc. (RMI), aim to address the resource gaps within under-resourced schools by bringing AmeriCorps members into Pre-K classrooms to provide literacy enrichment for the whole class and tutoring services for specific at-risk students. An impact evaluation of the program conducted in 2013-2014 by the University of Chicago-based research center, NORC, showed positive impacts on emergent literacy outcomes for 3-, 4-, and ...


Measuring And Predicting Process Quality In Ghanaian Pre-Primary Classrooms Using The Teacher Instructional Practices And Processes System (Tipps), Sharon Wolf, Mahjabeen Raza, Sharon Kim, J. Lawrence Aber, Jere R. Behrman, Edward Seidman Jun 2018

Measuring And Predicting Process Quality In Ghanaian Pre-Primary Classrooms Using The Teacher Instructional Practices And Processes System (Tipps), Sharon Wolf, Mahjabeen Raza, Sharon Kim, J. Lawrence Aber, Jere R. Behrman, Edward Seidman

GSE Faculty Research

In recent years, there has been an increase in the demand for and supply of early childhood education (ECE) in low- and middle-income countries. There is also growing awareness that unless ECE is of high quality, children may attend school but not learn. There is a large literature on the conceptualization and measurement of ECE quality in the United States that focuses on the nature of teacher-child interactions. Efforts to expand access to high quality ECE in low- and middle-income countries will require similar measurement efforts that are theoretically-grounded and culturally-adapted. This paper assesses the factor structure and concurrent validity ...


To Randomize Or Not To Randomize? That Is The Question, Robert Boruch Jun 2018

To Randomize Or Not To Randomize? That Is The Question, Robert Boruch

GSE Faculty Research

Women Affirming Motherhood (WAM) recently received substantial support from the Empire Foundation for WAM’s work in assisting pregnant young women. As part of the grant, Empire required WAM to elicit bids for an independent evaluation of WAM’s performance. In what follows, the focus is on evaluating WAM’s effects. In particular, the concern is whether and how a randomized controlled trial (RCT) might be deployed so as to produce a fair estimate WAM’s effects.

The approach to addressing the concern is interrogatory, as the title suggests. The topic’s handling here is more Socratic than it is ...


Implementation Of Ohio’S Learning Standards In English Language Arts And Math: Insights, Innovations, And Challenges In Six Districts, C-Sail C-Sail Jun 2018

Implementation Of Ohio’S Learning Standards In English Language Arts And Math: Insights, Innovations, And Challenges In Six Districts, C-Sail C-Sail

C-SAIL Publications

This brief presents findings from C-SAIL’s Implementation Study, which uses interview and survey data to explore how district administrators, principals, and teachers are understanding, experiencing, and implementing Ohio’s Learning Standards in English language arts (ELA) and math. We examine how and what kinds of supports are provided to teachers of all students, including students with disabilities (SWDs) and English learners (ELs) who take the general state assessment.


Implementation Of Texas's Learning Standards In English Language Arts And Math: Insights, Innovations, And Challenges In Six Districts, C-Sail C-Sail Jun 2018

Implementation Of Texas's Learning Standards In English Language Arts And Math: Insights, Innovations, And Challenges In Six Districts, C-Sail C-Sail

C-SAIL Publications

This brief presents findings from C-SAIL’s Implementation Study, which uses interview and survey data to explore how district administrators, principals, and teachers are understanding, experiencing, and implementing the Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills (TEKS) state standards in English language arts (ELA) and math. We examine how and what kinds of supports are provided to teachers of all students, including students with disabilities (SWDs) and English learners (ELs) who take the general state assessment.


College Opportunity At Risk: An Assessment Of The States, Joni E. Finney, Abigail Dym, Ben Williams, Peter Granville, Ashley Napier Jun 2018

College Opportunity At Risk: An Assessment Of The States, Joni E. Finney, Abigail Dym, Ben Williams, Peter Granville, Ashley Napier

GSE Faculty Research

A public compact for postsecondary education in the 21st century must have at its core a commitment to educational opportunity. The demands of the knowledge economy and modern democracy require that most Americans have the opportunity to develop critical thinking, problem solving, communication, and technological knowledge and skills.


College Opportunity At Risk: An Assessment Of The States — State Risk Assessments, Joni E. Finney, Abigail Dym, Ben Williams, Peter Granville, Ashley Napier Jun 2018

College Opportunity At Risk: An Assessment Of The States — State Risk Assessments, Joni E. Finney, Abigail Dym, Ben Williams, Peter Granville, Ashley Napier

GSE Faculty Research

No abstract provided.


Impacts Of Pre-Service Training And Coaching On Kindergarten Quality And Student Learning Outcomes In Ghana, Sharon Wolf May 2018

Impacts Of Pre-Service Training And Coaching On Kindergarten Quality And Student Learning Outcomes In Ghana, Sharon Wolf

GSE Faculty Research

Using a randomized-control trial, this study evaluates a program designed to support Ghanaian kindergarten student-teachers during pre-service training through mentorship and in-classroom training. Several potential barriers to improved teaching quality and learning outcomes are examined. Findings show that the program improved knowledge and implementation of the national curriculum for individuals both when they were student-teachers and, the following year, when they became newly qualified teachers (NQTs). There were mixed impacts on professional well-being, increasing personal accomplishment and motivation but decreasing job satisfaction for NQTs. There were mixed impacts on teaching quality, with increases in child-led learning but decreases in some ...


Positive Education At The Shipley School, Noof Aljneibi, Carl Chung, Alex Glass, Kate Li, Ashley Wolf May 2018

Positive Education At The Shipley School, Noof Aljneibi, Carl Chung, Alex Glass, Kate Li, Ashley Wolf

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Service Learning Projects

Positive education, a unique blend of academic learning and positive psychology theory on well-being, is becoming increasingly important in today’s educational system, as mental disorders like anxiety and depression continue to increase in schools. Located in Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania, The Shipley School, an independent PK-12 school, is an early adopter of positive education. In August 2017, Shipley led a three-day positive psychology retreat for all of its colleagues (teachers and staff); 25 self-selected colleagues, known as trained trainers, received an additional two days of training to guide them towards becoming thought leaders at Shipley. Preliminary evidence suggests that student ...


The Changing Face Of Teaching, Richard Ingersoll, Lisa Merrill, Daniel Stuckey May 2018

The Changing Face Of Teaching, Richard Ingersoll, Lisa Merrill, Daniel Stuckey

GSE Faculty Research

An analysis of nearly 30 years of data on the teaching force sheds new light on the makeup of the occupation—and on staffing priorities.


From Surviving To Thriving: How Colleges Can Use The Science Of Positive Psychology To Enhance Student Well-Being, Sharon F. Danzger May 2018

From Surviving To Thriving: How Colleges Can Use The Science Of Positive Psychology To Enhance Student Well-Being, Sharon F. Danzger

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Capstone Projects

Depression and anxiety have been on the rise on college campuses. Reports indicate that more than a quarter of undergraduate students are suffering from mental health issues (Eisenberg & Ketchen Lipson, 2017). While it is likely that support for mental illness will always be needed, the science of positive psychology offers additional opportunities for improving mental health. Through research-based interventions, it may be possible to reduce symptoms associated with many of the issues facing today’s college students, from depression and anxiety to feelings of not belonging and a lack of resilience. This paper explores the current state of mental health ...


Using Positive Psychology To Bolster Student Success At Gateway Community College, Erik Otto Driessen, Adam Burgoon, Devon Tomasulo, Esther Chewning Apr 2018

Using Positive Psychology To Bolster Student Success At Gateway Community College, Erik Otto Driessen, Adam Burgoon, Devon Tomasulo, Esther Chewning

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Service Learning Projects

Supported by a situational analysis and review of positive psychological literature, this paper outlines an application plan to support GateWay Community College’s ‘experiential learning with a purpose' vision which focuses on infusing meaning into students’ career development and learning. This vision was articulated by Kerry Sanderson, Director of Career Services, and Jessica Brosilo, Service Learning Center Coordinator, in the form of three guiding principles for our work: 1) accessing large student populations, 2) developing students' personal meaning and understanding of purpose through career goals, and 3) cultivating a broader view of success beyond career goals. Future-mindedness and self-efficacy emerged ...


Negotiating A Better Future: How Interpersonal Skills Facilitate Inter-Generational Investment, Nava Ashraf, Natalie Bau, Corinne Low, Kathleen Mcginn Apr 2018

Negotiating A Better Future: How Interpersonal Skills Facilitate Inter-Generational Investment, Nava Ashraf, Natalie Bau, Corinne Low, Kathleen Mcginn

Population Center Working Papers (PSC/PARC)

Using a randomized control trial, we examine whether offering adolescent girls non-material resources -- specifically, negotiation skills -- can improve educational outcomes in a low-income country. In so doing, we provide the first evidence on the effects of an intervention that increased non-cognitive, interpersonal skills during adolescence. Long-run administrative data shows that negotiation training significantly improved educational outcomes over the next three years. The training had greater effects than two alternative treatments (offering girls a safe physical space with female mentors and offering girls information about the returns to education), suggesting that negotiation skills themselves drive the effect. Further evidence from a ...


C-Sail Year 3 Convening: Fast Study Presentation, Toni Smith Apr 2018

C-Sail Year 3 Convening: Fast Study Presentation, Toni Smith

C-SAIL Publications

Toni Smith present Year 2 progress on the Feedback on Alignment and Support for Teachers (FAST) Program Study at C-SAIL's second annual "A Conversation on College- and Career-Readiness Standards" in Washington, D.C. on April 27, 2018. This PowerPoint presentation corresponds to a presentation video available at c-sail.org/videos.


C-Sail Year 3 Convening: Longitudinal Outcomes Study Presentation, Mengli Song Apr 2018

C-Sail Year 3 Convening: Longitudinal Outcomes Study Presentation, Mengli Song

C-SAIL Publications

Mengli Song presents Year 2 findings from the Longitudinal Outcomes Study at C-SAIL's second annual "A Conversation on College- and Career-Readiness Standards" in Washington, D.C. on April 27, 2018.This PowerPoint presentation corresponds to a presentation video available at c-sail.org/videos.


C-Sail Year 3 Convening: Implementation Study Presentation, Laura M. Desimone Apr 2018

C-Sail Year 3 Convening: Implementation Study Presentation, Laura M. Desimone

C-SAIL Publications

Laura Desimone presents Year 2 findings from the Implementation Study at C-SAIL's second annual "A Conversation on College- and Career-Readiness Standards" in Washington, D.C. on April 27, 2018. This PowerPoint presentation corresponds to a presentation video available at c-sail.org/videos.


Impact Factor Publication Requirement In Kazakhstan, Aliya Kuzhabekova, Alan Ruby Apr 2018

Impact Factor Publication Requirement In Kazakhstan, Aliya Kuzhabekova, Alan Ruby

GSE Faculty Research

In the effort to raise university faculty research capacity and to stimulate faculty to produce research of greater quality, the government of Kazakhstan has recently introduced a requirement for publication in journals with an impact factor as a part of requirements for faculty promotion.

This study will explore to what extent impact factor publication requirement was incorporated into universities’ promotion policies and on the resulting experiences of faculty. The study is based on the results of an online survey of faculty, who vary on a number of characteristics: 1) seniority, 2) type of formal post-graduate education (Soviet, post-Soviet local, Western ...