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Full-Text Articles in Education

Globalised Processes And Their Influences On University Learning And Teaching In Advanced Knowledge Economies In The Asia-Pacific Region, Chi-Hung Ng, Michiko Nakano, Robert Fox Feb 2018

Globalised Processes And Their Influences On University Learning And Teaching In Advanced Knowledge Economies In The Asia-Pacific Region, Chi-Hung Ng, Michiko Nakano, Robert Fox

Robert Fox

This chapter situates learning and teaching in various globalised processes. We argue that major globalised processes have resulted in the development of a new learning and teaching context in the Asia-Pacific region. Within this new context, this chapter discusses issues and challenges in four important areas: new student groups, technological change, using English as a mode of communication, and finally, assessment and quality assurance practices. We have integrated a brief introduction to the chapters in this book in the discussion of these four focal areas in the new context of learning and teaching.


Treatment Outcomes For At-Risk Young Children With Behavior Problems: Toward A New Definition Of Success, Michael P. Fung, Robert A. Fox, Sara E. Harris Feb 2016

Treatment Outcomes For At-Risk Young Children With Behavior Problems: Toward A New Definition Of Success, Michael P. Fung, Robert A. Fox, Sara E. Harris

Robert Fox

This study examined the outcomes of Early Pathways (EP), an in-home parent–child therapy program with 447 at-risk children younger than 5 years of age who were referred for severe behavior and emotional problems, such as aggression, oppositional behavior, and separation anxiety. EP emphasized parent-directed training of child behavior strategies including psychoeducation regarding child development, child-led play, and cognitive-behavioral techniques. Outcomes were assessed using a unique 2-dimensional definition of treatment completion, which consisted of treatment duration and an assessment of reliable change for the primary outcome measure of child behavior problems. Results showed that the majority of children (63.4 ...


Incidence Of Behavior Problems In Toddlers And Preschool Children From Families Living In Poverty, Casey A. Holtz, Robert A. Fox, John R. Meurer Feb 2016

Incidence Of Behavior Problems In Toddlers And Preschool Children From Families Living In Poverty, Casey A. Holtz, Robert A. Fox, John R. Meurer

Robert Fox

Few studies have examined the incidence of behavior problems in toddlers and preschool children from families living in poverty. The available research suggests behavior problems occur at higher rates in children living in poverty and may have long-term negative outcomes if not identified and properly treated. This study included an ethnically representative sample of 357 children, five years of age and younger, from a diverse, low-income, urban area. All families’ incomes met the federal threshold for living in poverty. Behavior problems were assessed by parent report through a questionnaire specifically designed for low-income families. Boys and younger children were reported ...


Home-Based Parent-Child Therapy In Low-Income African American, Caucasian, And Latino Families: A Comparative Examination Of Treatment Outcomes, Brittany L. Gresl, Robert A. Fox, Alicia Fleischmann Mar 2015

Home-Based Parent-Child Therapy In Low-Income African American, Caucasian, And Latino Families: A Comparative Examination Of Treatment Outcomes, Brittany L. Gresl, Robert A. Fox, Alicia Fleischmann

Robert Fox

This study examined parent and child treatment outcomes for a home-based Parent-Child Therapy (PCT) program for 66 children from families living in poverty. African American, Caucasian, and Latino families were examined to determine if an evidence-based program would produce similar results across different ethnic groups. The results showed that caregivers across the three ethnic groups reported improved child challenging behavior, increased positive parent-child interactions, improved parental expectations, higher levels of nurturing, and less reliance on verbal and corporal punishment as a form of discipline. Practical implications for these results are discussed.


Review Of Community-Based Curriculum: Instructional Strategies For Students With Severe Handicaps, Robert A. Fox Mar 2015

Review Of Community-Based Curriculum: Instructional Strategies For Students With Severe Handicaps, Robert A. Fox

Robert Fox

No abstract provided.


Parent Behavior Checklist, Robert A. Fox Mar 2015

Parent Behavior Checklist, Robert A. Fox

Robert Fox

In order to tailor our support to families in the most helpful and cost-effective manner possible, an objective assessment of a family's strengths and needs is the logical starting place. The Parent Behavior Checklist (PBC) was developed to contribute to this family evaluation process. The PBC is an empirically derived instrument developed specifically for parents of children 1 through 4 years of age. It was normed on a representative sample of 1,140 mothers and measures three aspects of parenting: Expectations, Discipline, and Nurturing. The PBC is efficient to use, taking parents only 10-20 minutes to complete, and is ...


Counseling Exceptional Students, Anthony F. Rotatori, Paul J. Gerber, Freddie W. Litton, Robert A. Fox Mar 2015

Counseling Exceptional Students, Anthony F. Rotatori, Paul J. Gerber, Freddie W. Litton, Robert A. Fox

Robert Fox

This book was designed by its authors to convey the disability-specific information necessary for counseling efforts to support the mainstreamed exceptional child. Successful counseling with exceptional children calls for background on such issues as etiology, definition, prevalence, and characteristics. Moreover, knowledge of counseling problems as viewed by children, their parents, and teachers is necessary to provide balance to the ecological perspectives needed to counsel the "whole child." The authors also have included within the discussion of each chapter successful counseling findings related in the literature. This in no way precludes other approaches or modalities of counseling, but it does provide ...


Adherence To Weight Control Techniques And Weight Loss: A Case Study, Anthony F. Rotatori, Tom Erekson, Robert A. Fox, Jaime Costellano Mar 2015

Adherence To Weight Control Techniques And Weight Loss: A Case Study, Anthony F. Rotatori, Tom Erekson, Robert A. Fox, Jaime Costellano

Robert Fox

A multiple baseline design across four behaviors was used to assess the effectiveness of a self-monitoring behavioral weight reduction program. The four behaviors were (1) the number of arm lifts used to direct food and liquid, other than water, into the mouth, (2) the number of minutes the subject engaged in daily exercise, (3a) the number of meals eaten per day, and (3b) the number of balanced meals eaten per day. The subject involved in this study was a 22-year-old male graduate student who was approximately 25 pounds overweight. At the completion of the study the subject lost a total ...


Behavioral Weight Reduction Procedures For Obese Mentally Retarded Individuals: A Review, Anthony F. Rotatori, Harvey Switzky, Robert Fox Mar 2015

Behavioral Weight Reduction Procedures For Obese Mentally Retarded Individuals: A Review, Anthony F. Rotatori, Harvey Switzky, Robert Fox

Robert Fox

Behavioral approaches to the treatment of obese mentally retarded individuals are reviewed. Studies are examined regarding the level of mental retardation, age group, techniques employed and weight lost at the end of treatment. Conclusions relate implications for practitioners as well as future research concerns.


Christian School Discipline: A Collaborative Approach To Improving Student Behavior, Robert A. Fox, Collen Terry, Theresa A. Fox Mar 2015

Christian School Discipline: A Collaborative Approach To Improving Student Behavior, Robert A. Fox, Collen Terry, Theresa A. Fox

Robert Fox

A Catholic elementary school systematically developed a comprehensive discipline program with input from the administrator, teachers, students, parents, and other members of the parish community. Developed around the themes of respect, spirituality, and responsibility, the program was systematically evaluated over the first year of a three-year period of implementation. Survey results of parents, teachers, and students indicate positive perceptions of the project by aU three groups.


Implications Of A Nicu Perinatal Follow Through Program For The Primary Care Physician, Stephen C. Ragatz, Bonnie Jean Behee-Semler, Robert A. Fox Mar 2015

Implications Of A Nicu Perinatal Follow Through Program For The Primary Care Physician, Stephen C. Ragatz, Bonnie Jean Behee-Semler, Robert A. Fox

Robert Fox

Neonatal intensive care unit follow-through programs provide early evaluation information for the primary care physician. This article describes such data for 339 graduates of St Joseph's Special Care Nursery, 78% of whom were preterm and 70% were of low birth weight. At six months, 7% of the infants were diagnosed with cerebral palsy, based on a 15-month follow-up. Other neurological and respiratory problems were common. A normal neurodevelopmental outcome was found for the majority of the infants. Referrals to medical specialists (eg, ophthalmology) and early intervention programs were required for many infants. The case management role of the primary ...


Milestone Reinforcer Survey, Robert A. Fox, Jeannette M. Deshaw Mar 2015

Milestone Reinforcer Survey, Robert A. Fox, Jeannette M. Deshaw

Robert Fox

Abstract: The Milestone Reinforcer Survey was developed to assess reinforcer preferences of adults with mild to profound retardation living in a variety of community settings. The survey, which includes 42 items in three categories-primary, secondary, and self reinforcers, can be administered by all levels of staff in about ten minutes. Psychometric properties of the survey were established with 120 adults, 15 males and 15 females representing each level of retardation. The total reinforcer scores for the survey are internally consistent (r = .90), consistent across raters (r = .68) and stable over time (r = .93). The potential uses for this survey for ...


Assessing Severely And Profoundly Handicapped Individuals, Anthony F. Rotatori, John O. Schwenn, Robert A. Fox Mar 2015

Assessing Severely And Profoundly Handicapped Individuals, Anthony F. Rotatori, John O. Schwenn, Robert A. Fox

Robert Fox

No abstract provided.


The Culturally-Adapted Early Pathways Program For Young Latino Children In Poverty: A Randomized Controlled Trial, Michael P. Fung, Robert A. Fox Mar 2015

The Culturally-Adapted Early Pathways Program For Young Latino Children In Poverty: A Randomized Controlled Trial, Michael P. Fung, Robert A. Fox

Robert Fox

This study used a randomized controlled design with treatment and wait-list conditions to evaluate the efficacy of a culturally adapted version of the Early Pathways program (EP; Fox & Gresl, 2014), an in-home, parent–child therapy program with 137 at-risk Latino children under the age of 6 referred for severe behavior and emotional problems, such as aggression, oppositional behavior, self-injury, and property destruction. EP directly engaged the parent–child dyad, emphasizing parent-directed training, child-led play, psychoeducation, and cognitive–behavioral strategies. Cultural modifications included establishing community partnerships to identify Latino family needs, translation of materials, offering bilingual services, acculturation assessment, and cultural ...


Eating Behavior Of Obese And Nonobese Retarded Adults, Robert A. Fox, Jennifer E. Burkhart, Anthony F. Rotatori Mar 2015

Eating Behavior Of Obese And Nonobese Retarded Adults, Robert A. Fox, Jennifer E. Burkhart, Anthony F. Rotatori

Robert Fox

An obese group and a nonobese group of moderately mentally retarded adults were identified through use of body weight and tricep skinfold thickness measures. Subjects were observed individually in a sheltered workshop cafeteria during their normal lunch period. A variety of eating behavior measureswere obtained. Results indicated that the obese retarded subjects did not differ from their nonobese peers in eating rate, total meal time, or caloric intake. Large variability was observed in the measures for both groups. Implications of these data for behavioral treatments of obesity and the need for alternative explanations of an obese condition were discussed.


Treatment Of Obesity In Mentally Retarded Persons: The Rehabilitator's Role, Robert A. Fox, Anthony F. Rotatori, August J. Mauser, Harvey Switzky Mar 2015

Treatment Of Obesity In Mentally Retarded Persons: The Rehabilitator's Role, Robert A. Fox, Anthony F. Rotatori, August J. Mauser, Harvey Switzky

Robert Fox

Obesity is a common problem for the mentally retarded and nonretarded populations. Prevalence estimates ranging from 40 to 80 million obese Americans have been reported. The relationship between obesity and cardiovascular disease, diabetes mellitus, and other health related problems is strong. Also, the greater the degree of obesity, the higher the risk of medical problems. In addition to the health problems associated with obesity, the obese mentally retarded person is likely to be the object of increased social prejudice and nonacceptance as a result of being mentally retarded and obese. Fortunately, this solution does not need to be an intractable ...


Appropriate Classification Of Obesity In Mentally Retarded Adults, Robert A. Fox, Robert Fox, Jennifer E. Burkhart, Anthony F. Rotatori Mar 2015

Appropriate Classification Of Obesity In Mentally Retarded Adults, Robert A. Fox, Robert Fox, Jennifer E. Burkhart, Anthony F. Rotatori

Robert Fox

Triceps skinfold thickness and body weight measures were obtained for 44 female and 40 male mentally retarded adults participating in a sheltered workshop setting. Subiects' relative weights and skinfold thicknesses were found to correlate reasonably well for females and males, rs = .88 and .59, respectively. Use of only height and weight tables for determining the presence of obesity, however, resulted in 22.5 percent of the males and 13 .7 percent of the females being misclassified as nonobese. The distinction between overweight and obesity was discussed. Clinical/research implications of the findings were delineated.


Issues In Special Education, Robert A. Fox, Anthony F. Rotatori Mar 2015

Issues In Special Education, Robert A. Fox, Anthony F. Rotatori

Robert Fox

Reviews and examines practices, controversial issues, trends and future directions in special education. This book analyzes such subjects as family stress, death education, involuntary euthanasia, disciplinary procedures and the school year.


Multicomponent Behavioral Program For Achieving Weight Loss In Adult Mentally Retarded Persons, Anthony F. Rotatori, Robert A. Fox, Harvey Switzky Mar 2015

Multicomponent Behavioral Program For Achieving Weight Loss In Adult Mentally Retarded Persons, Anthony F. Rotatori, Robert A. Fox, Harvey Switzky

Robert Fox

Only minimal attention has been directed towards demonstrating the effectiveness of behavioral approaches to weight control with mentally retarded individuals (Foreyt & Parks, 1975; Foxx, 1972; Staugatis, 1978). The paucity of research in this area is unfortunate because the association between intelligence and obesity is high and negative (Krege, Zelina, Juhas & Garbara, 1947). The purpose of the present study was to assess whether a multicomponent behavioral weight reduction treatment program could produce and maintain weight loss overweight formerly institutionalized adult retarded individuals residing in a community-living facility.


Obesity Of Mentally Retarded Individuals: Prevalence, Characteristics, And Intervention, Jennifer E. Burkhart, Robert A. Fox, Anthony F. Rotatori Mar 2015

Obesity Of Mentally Retarded Individuals: Prevalence, Characteristics, And Intervention, Jennifer E. Burkhart, Robert A. Fox, Anthony F. Rotatori

Robert Fox

Research on the prevalence, characteristics, and treatment of obesity of mentally retarded individuals within the context of research findings with the obese nonretarded population was selectively reviewed. According to the available literature, obesity is a prevalent problem in the retarded population, and there is a greater incidence among females than males. The literature also suggests that obese retarded subjects as a group can be distinguished from their nonobese peers by their physical condition, but not by their eating style or personality characteristics. Behavioral self-control strategies have been found to be effective in producing weight loss in obese retarded children and ...


A Discipline Program That Nurtures Christianity, Robert A. Fox, Colleen Terry, Theresa A. Fox Mar 2015

A Discipline Program That Nurtures Christianity, Robert A. Fox, Colleen Terry, Theresa A. Fox

Robert Fox

No abstract provided.


Obesity In Children And Youth: Measurement, Characteristics, Causes And Treatment, Robert A. Fox, Anthony F. Rotatori Mar 2015

Obesity In Children And Youth: Measurement, Characteristics, Causes And Treatment, Robert A. Fox, Anthony F. Rotatori

Robert Fox

No abstract provided.


Behavioral Treatment Approaches To Obesity: Successes With The Nonretarded And Retarded, Anthony F. Rotatori, Harvey Switzky, Robert A. Fox Mar 2015

Behavioral Treatment Approaches To Obesity: Successes With The Nonretarded And Retarded, Anthony F. Rotatori, Harvey Switzky, Robert A. Fox

Robert Fox

This article discusses the successful use of behavioral approaches, which have been adopted from research with non-retarded individuals, to the treatment of obese retarded individuals. The first section delineates a variety of approaches with non-retarded obese individuals whereas the second section summarizes the efficacy of these approaches with the obese retarded. The last section discusses practical and future research implications.


Comparison Of Breastfeeding Attitudes And Practices: Low-Income Adolescents And Adult Women, Robert A. Fox, Mary Jo Baisch, Edie Whitten, Nancy Pajewski Mar 2015

Comparison Of Breastfeeding Attitudes And Practices: Low-Income Adolescents And Adult Women, Robert A. Fox, Mary Jo Baisch, Edie Whitten, Nancy Pajewski

Robert Fox

No abstract provided.


Behavioral Weight Reduction Program For Mentally Handicapped Persons: A Self-Control Approach, Anthony F. Rotatori, Robert A. Fox Mar 2015

Behavioral Weight Reduction Program For Mentally Handicapped Persons: A Self-Control Approach, Anthony F. Rotatori, Robert A. Fox

Robert Fox

Behavioral Weight Reduction Program for Mentally Handicapped Persons was reviewed for accuracy by a nutritionist and by a physician. Special education teachers and nurses will be able to fully utilize this superb program of nutritional information and structured instructional procedures. Nutritionists will applaud the forms and the ideas introduced in this "one of a kind" program.


Prevalence Of Obesity Among Mentally Retarded Adults, Robert A. Fox, Anthony F. Rotatori Mar 2015

Prevalence Of Obesity Among Mentally Retarded Adults, Robert A. Fox, Anthony F. Rotatori

Robert Fox

The prevalence of obesity was determined for 1,152 mentally retarded subjects from four settings. The findings confirmed that obesity was a prevalent condition, with more females than males obese and more mildly to moderately retarded individuals than severely to profoundly retarded persons obese. The prevalence of obesity was also observed to increase generally with age in this sample, although not in a direct linear fashion.


Parenting Among Hispanic And Anglo-American Mothers With Young Children, Pablo G. Cardona, Bonnie C. Nicholson, Robert A. Fox Nov 2012

Parenting Among Hispanic And Anglo-American Mothers With Young Children, Pablo G. Cardona, Bonnie C. Nicholson, Robert A. Fox

Robert Fox

The authors examined parenting practices and developmental expectations among 38 Hispanic and 38 Anglo-American mothers living in the United States. Mothers of children 3 to 5 years of age completed the Parent Behavior Checklist (R. A. Fox, 1994), a 100-item measure of parents' developmental expectations, discipline, and nurturing practices. In addition, the authors appraised the Hispanic mothers' acculturation and selected them for participation if their scores on an acculturation scale indicated (a) that their lifestyle was predominantly Hispanic and (b) that they had not been assimilated into the dominant culture. The 2 ethnic groups were also divided by socioeconomic status ...


Maternal Characteristics And Child Problem Behaviors: A Comparison Of Foster And Biological Mothers, Rose Lucey, Robert A. Fox, Judith B. Byrnes Nov 2012

Maternal Characteristics And Child Problem Behaviors: A Comparison Of Foster And Biological Mothers, Rose Lucey, Robert A. Fox, Judith B. Byrnes

Robert Fox

The purpose of this exploratory study was to compare the parenting behavior, stress and support of foster mothers and biological mothers of young children. A sample of 60 mothers of young children (30 foster mothers, 30 biological mothers) completed measures of parenting behavior, parenting stress, child problem behaviors, and perceived social support. Findings indicated that biological mothers were single and younger than foster mothers. In addition, biological mothers utilized more verbal and corporal discipline than foster mothers, experienced greater parental distress and received less social support for their parenting. Implications of these findings are discussed.


Oppositional Defiant Disorder And Aggression In A Young Man With Mental Retardation: Long-Term Treatment In A Community-Based Setting, Robert A. Fox, Casey A. Holtz, Amber L. Barcelona Nov 2012

Oppositional Defiant Disorder And Aggression In A Young Man With Mental Retardation: Long-Term Treatment In A Community-Based Setting, Robert A. Fox, Casey A. Holtz, Amber L. Barcelona

Robert Fox

A longitudinal, intensive treatment program is described that was implemented over an 8-year period in a community-based setting for a young man with mental retardation and oppositional defiant disorder with severe physical aggression. The development of this disorder and its systematic treatment are described, with new components added based on improvement in the individual’s behavior. The individual made steady progress and has maintained good behavioral stability for the final three years of the treatment program. This paper highlights the inherent difficulties of applying empirically validated treatment strategies in community-based settings.


Toddlers With Developmental Delays And Challenging Behaviors, Kathryn M. Keller, Robert A. Fox Nov 2012

Toddlers With Developmental Delays And Challenging Behaviors, Kathryn M. Keller, Robert A. Fox

Robert Fox

Behavior problems and parental expectations and practices were studied in a sample of 58 toddlers with developmental disabilities who were consecutively referred to a mental health clinic. The majority of children (70.7%) exceeded the clinical cut-off score for significant behavior problems including tantrums, aggression, defiance, and hyperactivity, and 77.6% met the DSM-IV criteria for a psychiatric diagnosis with oppositional defiant disorder being the most common. Consistent with previous research, child behavior problems were related to parental use of verbal and corporal punishment and were detrimental to the quality of the parent-child relationship. A new finding was that parental ...