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2008

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Articles 1 - 30 of 331

Full-Text Articles in Education

!!! مدرسه ابوریحان, Sajjad Khaksari Dec 2008

!!! مدرسه ابوریحان, Sajjad Khaksari

SAJJAD KHAKSARI

داستان کوتاه «مدرسه ابوریحان» داستانی از واقعیت تلخ نظام آموزش و پرورش ایران است. تجربه ای میدانی از بحران فرهنگی اجتماعی که ریشه در اندیشه های متحجر مدیران این وزرات خانه دارد


Distance Learning Programs For Pathology Education, Bruce Fenderson, Anthony J. Frisby Dec 2008

Distance Learning Programs For Pathology Education, Bruce Fenderson, Anthony J. Frisby

Anthony J Frisby, PhD

In this article we describe the development of distance learning programs for pathology education at Thomas Jefferson University. Our first step was to create a one-credit computer lab for an existing graduate course (Pathologic Aspects of Disease, PA570). Students use this computer lab to review case studies, submit essays, and take weekly quizzes. A discussion board is used to publish student essays and provide a forum for class discussion. Examination scores and academic progress are reported online. Our second step was to add lectures to create a complete, three-credit distance learning course for pathology education. (Pathophysiology of Human Disease, NU570). …


Evaluations Of The Effectiveness Of A Web-Based Graduate Epidemiology Course, Molly A. Rose, Anthony J. Frisby, Michael D. Hamlin, Susan S. Jones Dec 2008

Evaluations Of The Effectiveness Of A Web-Based Graduate Epidemiology Course, Molly A. Rose, Anthony J. Frisby, Michael D. Hamlin, Susan S. Jones

Anthony J Frisby, PhD

An online epidemiology course was developed, implemented, and evaluated for graduate nursing students through the collaborative efforts of nursing faculty and information, education, and instructional design staff of the library at a health sciences university. This epidemiology course is a core curriculum course for graduate nursing students. The course was piloted with 14 students (one student in Romania); the initial online offering ran concurrently with a traditional classroom section. Extensive evaluation data were collected and analyzed to compare the effectiveness of the classroom and distance-learning formats. Areas of evaluation included objective measures, such as midterm and final examination scores and …


An Operational Measure Of Physician Lifelong Learning: Its Development, Components And Preliminary Psychometric Data, Mohammadreza Hojat, Thomas J. Nasca, James B. Erdmann, Anthony J. Frisby, Jon J. Veloski, Joseph S. Gonnella Dec 2008

An Operational Measure Of Physician Lifelong Learning: Its Development, Components And Preliminary Psychometric Data, Mohammadreza Hojat, Thomas J. Nasca, James B. Erdmann, Anthony J. Frisby, Jon J. Veloski, Joseph S. Gonnella

Anthony J Frisby, PhD

Despite the emphasis placed on physicians’ lifelong learning, no psychometrically sound instrument has been developed to provide an operational measure of the concept and its components among physicians. The authors designed this study to develop a tool for measuring physician lifelong learning, to identify its underlying components and to assess its psychometric properties. A 37-item questionnaire was developed, based on a review of literature and the results of two pilot studies. Psychometric analyses of the responses of 160 physicians identified 19 items that were included in the Jefferson Scale of Physician Lifelong Learning. Factor analysis of the 19 items showed …


Development And Evaluation Of An Interactive Multimedia Clinical Skills Teaching Program Designed For The Pediatric Clerkship., Anthony J. Frisby, Lindsey Lane, Anna M. Carr, Ellen Ross, Ruth P. Gottlieb Dec 2008

Development And Evaluation Of An Interactive Multimedia Clinical Skills Teaching Program Designed For The Pediatric Clerkship., Anthony J. Frisby, Lindsey Lane, Anna M. Carr, Ellen Ross, Ruth P. Gottlieb

Anthony J Frisby, PhD

Background and Purpose: The physical examination section of a multimedia program developed to teach infant history and physical examination skills was evaluated. Methods: 71 students participated: one group viewed only the physical examination section (PX), one the history section (HX), one none of the program (CX). Physical examination skills were assessed by direct observation of medical students performing an abdominal exam and scored using a checklist at baseline, immediately after intervention and at the end of the pediatric clerkship. Results were analyzed using ANOVA with repeated measures. Results: Baseline scores were: PX 2.5; HX 2.8. The PX group scored significantly …


Using Computer-Based Case Studies For Developing Information Searching Skills And Implementing Evidence-Based Medicine In Patient Care Plans., Anthony J. Frisby, Daniel G. Kipnis Dec 2008

Using Computer-Based Case Studies For Developing Information Searching Skills And Implementing Evidence-Based Medicine In Patient Care Plans., Anthony J. Frisby, Daniel G. Kipnis

Anthony J Frisby, PhD

Since 1987 over 1,300 first year medical students at Jefferson Medical College in Philadelphia, PA have completed a required Medical Informatics course. This course is the responsibility of the Library’s Education Services division. Designed to develop information-searching skills and teach methods for evaluating evidence-based medicine, the course employs a combination of self-paced online tutorials and case studies. The case studies in particular have proven to be a very effective learning tool. Course evaluations are consistently positive, with comments citing the interesting case studies and the effectiveness and appropriateness of the teaching method. This chapter describes the case development process, presents …


Computer-Based Learning For Esrd Patient Education: Current Status And Future Directions, Jeanette K. Chambers, Anthony J. Frisby Dec 2008

Computer-Based Learning For Esrd Patient Education: Current Status And Future Directions, Jeanette K. Chambers, Anthony J. Frisby

Anthony J Frisby, PhD

Computer use in everyday life has expanded human potential in virtually every possible arena. In health care, computer technology affects direct clinical care through diagnostics, treatment, monitoring, and documentation processes. Patient care systems use computer technology to manage billing, scheduling, and multiple other administrative functions. Computer technology for education of health care professionals has been primarily in elected undergraduate, graduate, and professional degree programs. Computer-based continuing education for health care professionals has been available for at least a decade, but computer-based patient education is just now beginning to emerge as a learning options. This article describes examples of patient education …


Developing And Sustaining A Web-Based Library Newsletter, Liz Mikita, Daniel G. Kipnis, Anthony J. Frisby Dec 2008

Developing And Sustaining A Web-Based Library Newsletter, Liz Mikita, Daniel G. Kipnis, Anthony J. Frisby

Anthony J Frisby, PhD

Before the rising popularity of the Internet in the mid 1990s, Scott Memorial Library, like most others, used printed newsletters to inform users about new resources and services. The JEFFLINE Forum, our attempt to resuscitate the Library's newsletter by employing the technical advantages-and increasing presence-of the Web, debuted in October of 1999. The fifth anniversary of the Forum seemed like a good time to look back at its evolution and to examine some of the challenges inherent in developing and sustaining a library newsletter.


Using World-Wide-Web Technology For Pathology Education, Anthony J. Frisby, Bruce Fenderson, Christopher D. Braster, Rodney B. Murray Dec 2008

Using World-Wide-Web Technology For Pathology Education, Anthony J. Frisby, Bruce Fenderson, Christopher D. Braster, Rodney B. Murray

Anthony J Frisby, PhD

In this article, we describe the development of computer-based learning programs for pathology students at Jefferson Medical College. These programs are authored using HTML (HyperText Markup Language), and are available to students on campus and via the internet. Our computer-based learning resources include scheduling information, course goals and objectives, glossary of key words, self-assessment programs and image-based case studies. These educational programs are popular with the students. We recommend the use of World Wide Web technology to improve teaching and learning in pathology education.


Reporting And Comparing School Performances, Geoff N. Masters, Glenn Rowley, John Ainley, Siek Toon Khoo Dec 2008

Reporting And Comparing School Performances, Geoff N. Masters, Glenn Rowley, John Ainley, Siek Toon Khoo

Dr John Ainley

This report provides advice on the collection and reporting of information about the performances of Australian schools. The focus is on the collection of nationally comparable data. Two purposes are envisaged: use by education authorities and governments to monitor school performances and, in particular, to identify schools that are performing unusually well or unusually poorly given their circumstances; and use by parents/caregivers and the public to make informed judgements about, and meaningful comparisons of, schools and their offerings. Our advice is based on a review of recent Australian and international research and experience in reporting on the performances of schools. …


Participation In And Progress Through New Apprenticeships, John Ainley, Matthew Corrigan Dec 2008

Participation In And Progress Through New Apprenticeships, John Ainley, Matthew Corrigan

Dr John Ainley

New Apprenticeships provide a pathway from school to adult working life for a significant proportion of each cohort of young people and thus make a potentially important contribution to the formation of skills for individuals and for the community as a whole. New Apprenticeships are based on a formal combination of study and work that links learning in the workplace with learning in an educational institution. They incorporate both traditional apprenticeships and traineeships. This report focuses on two broad research questions : What are the characteristics of young people who commence a New Apprenticeship overall, as well as of those …


Reading Comprehension And Numeracy Among Junior Secondary School Students In Australia, Gary Marks, John Ainley Dec 2008

Reading Comprehension And Numeracy Among Junior Secondary School Students In Australia, Gary Marks, John Ainley

Dr John Ainley

This report examines the performance, and levels of mastery, on tests of reading comprehension and numeracy of Australian students in junior secondary school between 1975 and 1995. Data for the analyses reported were drawn from two national monitoring studies and other studies of representative samples of junior secondary school students designed to monitor the progress of young people through school into further education, training and work. In each of the studies students completed tests that are similar to those conducted in the Australian states and territories and overseas to monitor student performance. The tests focussed on reading skills (which correlate …


Using Research To Advance Professional Practice, Geoff N. Masters Dec 2008

Using Research To Advance Professional Practice, Geoff N. Masters

Prof Geoff Masters AO

This paper discusses quality in professional practice - whether as an engineer, accountant or orthopaedic surgeon - and how it depends on expert knowledge of the field, a deep understanding of underlying principles, accumulated experience in the practice of the profession, a familiarity with recent advances in the professional knowledge base, and mastery of the best available techniques and tools. Teaching qualifies as a profession to the extent that it requires the application of specialised knowledge and skill developed through research and high-level education and training. Quality in teaching practice depends on familiarity with recent advances in the professional knowledge …


Conceptualising And Researching Student Wellbeing, Geoff N. Masters Dec 2008

Conceptualising And Researching Student Wellbeing, Geoff N. Masters

Prof Geoff Masters AO

Schools have always seen it as part of their role to support and encourage children's all-round development, including their cognitive, interpersonal, social, aesthetic, physical and moral/spiritual growth. Beyond the academic, schools have been committed to children's general wellbeing; in seeing children develop into well-rounded, healthy individuals who can take their place as informed, principled and engaged members of society. In fulfilling this role, schools have worked alongside and complemented families, churches and other institutions in the community. In recent years, Australian schools and education systems have made efforts to clarify the broad purposes of schooling and to introduce ways of …


Reporting And Comparing School Performances, Geoff N. Masters, Glenn Rowley, John Ainley, Siek Toon Khoo Dec 2008

Reporting And Comparing School Performances, Geoff N. Masters, Glenn Rowley, John Ainley, Siek Toon Khoo

Prof Geoff Masters AO

This report provides advice on the collection and reporting of information about the performances of Australian schools. The focus is on the collection of nationally comparable data. Two purposes are envisaged: use by education authorities and governments to monitor school performances and, in particular, to identify schools that are performing unusually well or unusually poorly given their circumstances; and use by parents/caregivers and the public to make informed judgements about, and meaningful comparisons of, schools and their offerings. Our advice is based on a review of recent Australian and international research and experience in reporting on the performances of schools. …


Australian Certificate Of Education: Exploring A Way Forward, Geoff N. Masters Dec 2008

Australian Certificate Of Education: Exploring A Way Forward, Geoff N. Masters

Prof Geoff Masters AO

Geoff Masters explains why Australia needs greater national consistency in senior school certificates and how an Australian Certificate of Education would likely benefit all Australian students.


An Ugly Game, John R. Kilbourne Dec 2008

An Ugly Game, John R. Kilbourne

John R. Kilbourne

As a college professor and parent of a college athlete, I have been reading with great interest reports that small colleges have been seeking to increase their enrollments by promoting their sports programs. An article in The Chronicle last fall, for example, described how the president of Adrian College, in Michigan, devised a plan to raise enrollment by expanding the institution's intercollegiate-athletics program and assigning recruiting quotas to its coaches. Adrian's recruiting plan requires its 16 head coaches to sign up almost 200 athletes per year. Coaches who fail to meet their assigned quotas risk losing their jobs. The total …


Teaching Quality And Student Outcomes: Academic Achievement And Educational Engagement In Rural Northwest China, Xuehui An, Emily C. Hannum, Tanja Sargent Dec 2008

Teaching Quality And Student Outcomes: Academic Achievement And Educational Engagement In Rural Northwest China, Xuehui An, Emily C. Hannum, Tanja Sargent

Emily C. Hannum

A central task of educational researchers has been to uncover factors that improve student academic achievement. Research in both developed and developing nations during the past few decades has analysed the links between educational outcomes and school physical resources, teacher quality and children's demographic and family background. Importantly, research on teacher and school effects in developing countries has focused on factors such as human capital, economic resources and physical infrastructure, the so-called input factors in the "black box" production function model of school outcomes. Fewer studies have focused on the "softer" classroom process factors that might be seen as important …


Keeping Teachers Happy: Job Satisfaction Among Primary School Teachers In Rural Northwest China, Tanja Sargent, Emily Hannum Dec 2008

Keeping Teachers Happy: Job Satisfaction Among Primary School Teachers In Rural Northwest China, Tanja Sargent, Emily Hannum

Emily C. Hannum

Numerous empirical studies from developing countries have noted that parental education has a robust and positive effect on child learning, a result that is often attributed to more educated parents making greater investments in their children's human capital. However, the nature of any such investment has not been well understood. This study examines how parental education affects various parental investments in goods and time used in children's human capital production via an unusually detailed survey from rural China. It is found that more educated parents make greater educational investments in both goods and time and that these relationships are generally …


Charting Growth, Outcomes And Change, Hamish Bennett Coates Dec 2008

Charting Growth, Outcomes And Change, Hamish Bennett Coates

Professor Hamish Coates

This update provides an overview of two related projects which have researched participation in science, mathematics and technology in Australian education, and the employment demand and outcomes for graduates with higher degree research qualifications in the science and mathematics fields. It includes a story on the Online Leadership Learning System (OLLS) being developed by the University of Western Sydney and ACER with a grant from the Australian Learning and Teaching Council. This update provides a quick snapshot of ACER’s consultative design of a national Tertiary Engineering Capability Assessment (TECA), and of patterns emerging from 2008 AUSSE. A briefing is given …


Advancing Pre-Service Teachers’ Mathematical Sophistication Via Mathematical Tasks, Kien H. Lim Dec 2008

Advancing Pre-Service Teachers’ Mathematical Sophistication Via Mathematical Tasks, Kien H. Lim

Kien H Lim

This article is based on the seminar that the author presented for the Hong Kong Association for Mathematics Education at the Hong Kong Baptist University on May 22, 2008. In this article, the author differentiates (a) between institutionalized mathematics and school mathematics, (b) between ways of understanding and ways of thinking as two complementary subsets of mathematics that students should develop, (c) between sophisticated learners and passive learners, and (d) between knowledge dissemination and knowledge engagement as two modes of instructions. Harel’s (2007) pedagogical principles are discussed in relation to the design of mathematical tasks and their use in classrooms. …


International Terrorism:Role ,Responsibility And Operation Of Media Channles, Ratnesh Dwivedi Mr Nov 2008

International Terrorism:Role ,Responsibility And Operation Of Media Channles, Ratnesh Dwivedi Mr

Ratnesh Dwivedi

"Terrorism" is a term that cannot be given a stable defintion. Or rather, it can, but to do so forstalls any attempt to examine the major feature of its relation to television in the contemporary world. As the central public arena for organising ways of picturing and talking about social and political life, TV plays a pivotal role in the contest between competing defintions, accounts and explanations of terrorism. Which term is used in any particular context is inextricably tied to judgemements about the legitimacy of the action in question and of the political system against which it is directed. …


Quranic Verse Recitation Recognition Module For Educational Programme, Noor Jamaliah Ibrahim, Zulkifli Mohd Yusoff, Zaidi Razak Nov 2008

Quranic Verse Recitation Recognition Module For Educational Programme, Noor Jamaliah Ibrahim, Zulkifli Mohd Yusoff, Zaidi Razak

Noor Jamaliah Ibrahim

In the process of learning al-Quran, reciters are required to learn al-Quran through the manual method of Quran reading skills of talaqqi and musyafahah method. These methods are described as face to face learning process between students and teachers (Mudarris), where listening, correction of al-Quran recitation and repetition of the correct al-Quran recitation takes place. The reason behind this method is to allow Mudarris to check the Tajweed rules of the Quran recitation in real time. However, the current methods of Quran recitation are believed become unattractive and less effective to be implemented, especially for j-QAF students. Focus on j-QAF …


Liberdade, Ética E Direito, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha Nov 2008

Liberdade, Ética E Direito, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha

Paulo Ferreira da Cunha

Further than Ethics concieved as mere obedience, Republican Ethics expresses the idea of duty for freedom and Liberty. After Law concieved as only duty and imperative norms from power to the subjects, there is the possibility of a fraternal law, in new patterns. This article explores several ways in a new ethics and a new law paradigms, after the objective Roman Law and the subjective modern Law.


Adapting Literacy Learning Practices For Young Children With Disabilities, Carl J. Dunst, Carol M. Trivette Nov 2008

Adapting Literacy Learning Practices For Young Children With Disabilities, Carl J. Dunst, Carol M. Trivette

Carol M. Trivette

No abstract provided.


The Futue Of Management Education, Shyam Sunder Nov 2008

The Futue Of Management Education, Shyam Sunder

Shyam Sunder

No abstract provided.


Los Académicos Mexicanos A Principios Del Siglo Xxi: Una Primera Exploración Sobre Quiénes Son Y Cómo Perciben Su Trabajo, Sus Instituciones Y Algunas Políticas Públicas, Jesús F. Galaz-Fontes Nov 2008

Los Académicos Mexicanos A Principios Del Siglo Xxi: Una Primera Exploración Sobre Quiénes Son Y Cómo Perciben Su Trabajo, Sus Instituciones Y Algunas Políticas Públicas, Jesús F. Galaz-Fontes

Jesús Francisco Galaz Fontes

Con base a una encuesta nacional de 1973 académicos en su gran mayoría de tiempo completo, se proporciona información sobre su perfil demográfico y la manera en que perciben sus condiciones de trabajo, las actividades que realizan, el ambiente organizacional y sus opiniones respecto a políticas públicas como el Sistema Nacional de Investigadores y el Programa para el Mejoramiento del Profesorado. Los resultados encontrados se discuten a la luz de los procesos de cambio que se han venido dando en la educación superior mexicana durante las últimas tres décadas, y se reflexionan sobre algunas de las implicaciones de dichos resultados.


پابرهنه در بهشت, Sajjad Khaksari Nov 2008

پابرهنه در بهشت, Sajjad Khaksari

SAJJAD KHAKSARI

سلام به اهالی پابرهنه بهشت


Building E-Learning System Based On Multimedia Nov 2008

Building E-Learning System Based On Multimedia

Benjamin L. Harwood

Abstract Advances in information technology and communications, have brought change in society and create new paradigms for education and training. these massive changes have extraordinary impact in our educational and training systems. In line with growth of information technology and communications which so quickly, hence development and innovation from concept, model or way of virtual learning (LMS and LCMS) continue to be conducted. One of them is by combined multimedia and e-learning. Integration of multimedia components (video and audio streaming) into e-learning system can enrich function and tools and also pattern study of interactive like video and audio conferencing able …


Building E-Learning System Based On Multimedia Nov 2008

Building E-Learning System Based On Multimedia

Homa. P. Harahap

Abstract Advances in information technology and communications, have brought change in society and create new paradigms for education and training. these massive changes have extraordinary impact in our educational and training systems. In line with growth of information technology and communications which so quickly, hence development and innovation from concept, model or way of virtual learning (LMS and LCMS) continue to be conducted. One of them is by combined multimedia and e-learning. Integration of multimedia components (video and audio streaming) into e-learning system can enrich function and tools and also pattern study of interactive like video and audio conferencing able …