Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Education Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 1 - 30 of 99

Full-Text Articles in Education

A Framework To Support Interdisciplinary Engagement With Learning Analytics, Stephanie J. Blackmon, Robert L. Moore Aug 2020

A Framework To Support Interdisciplinary Engagement With Learning Analytics, Stephanie J. Blackmon, Robert L. Moore

School of Education Book Chapters

Learning analytics can provide an excellent opportunity for instructors to get an in-depth understanding of students’ learning experiences in a course. However, certain technological challenges, namely limited availability of learning analytics data because of learning management system restrictions, can make accessing this data seem impossible at some institutions. Furthermore, even in cases where instructors have access to a range of student data, there may not be organized efforts to support students across various courses and university experiences. In the current chapter, the authors discuss the issue of learning analytics access and ways to leverage learning analytics data between instructors, and ...


Mixed-Reality Simulations To Build Capacity For Advocating For Diversity, Equity, And Inclusion In Geosciences, Jason A. Chen, M. Shane Tutwiler, Jerlando F. L. Jackson May 2020

Mixed-Reality Simulations To Build Capacity For Advocating For Diversity, Equity, And Inclusion In Geosciences, Jason A. Chen, M. Shane Tutwiler, Jerlando F. L. Jackson

School of Education Articles

We report on data collected at 3 time points during a 1-year intervention designed to teach a purposive sample of geoscience faculty members (n = 29) from 27 universities throughout the United States how to identify and address issues related to diversity, equity, and inclusion in their departments. For the intervention we used mixed-reality simulations to help participants practice specific skills to address common situations in geoscience departments. The intervention also included an intensive 3-day workshop and 3 journal clubs. Using a Bayesian analytical approach we explored: (a) general trends in participants’ self- and collective efficacy for identifying and addressing diversity ...


Peer-Mediated Interventions For Middle School Students With High-Functioning Autism, Katelyn Birchfield Apr 2019

Peer-Mediated Interventions For Middle School Students With High-Functioning Autism, Katelyn Birchfield

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Students with high-functioning autism in the general education setting may receive support in their academic development, though assistance in their social-emotional development and creation of relationships is little-to-nonexistent. In a population where social and communicative functioning is a primary deficit for labeling, it is critical that research develops evidence-based practices to support social growth. Peer-mediated interventions are a recognized practice in supporting students with severe disabilities and autism, particularly in their early elementary years and in high school (Bambara et al., 2016; Goldstein et al., 1991). The present study strove to find a connection between the utilization of peer-mediated interventions ...


The Effect Of Parental Involvement On Education Aspirations And Outcomes Of Children, Sraavya Poonuganti Apr 2019

The Effect Of Parental Involvement On Education Aspirations And Outcomes Of Children, Sraavya Poonuganti

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This paper investigates the effect of parental involvement on their prescribed aspirations and beliefs for their children’s education, and subsequent learning outcomes. Using data from a field experiment conducted in India, the paper finds that when an intervention is performed where parents are given information about their children’s educational standing, parents are significantly more likely to prescribe higher levels of aspirations and beliefs than their children. But over time, as parents receive information on actual test performance, these results persist for aspirations, but not for beliefs about how their children will do on future outcomes. Furthermore, there is ...


Technology-Rich Activities: One Type Does Not Motivate All, Jason A. Chen, Jon R. Star, Chris Dede, M. Shane Tutwiler Jul 2018

Technology-Rich Activities: One Type Does Not Motivate All, Jason A. Chen, Jon R. Star, Chris Dede, M. Shane Tutwiler

School of Education Articles

We report on data collected at three time points during a four-day intervention designed to explore the value added of technology-rich activities within an inquiry mathematics curriculum. Two of the activities were computer-based, whereas the third involved a professionally created movie. Using latent profile analysis we explored (a) the profiles of experiences (indicated by self-reports of immersion, interest, usefulness, and relatedness of the technology activity) that students in Grades 5–8 (n = 7774) reported regarding their participation in one of three different activities; (b) the motivational and achievement outcomes in mathematics that were evident by being a member of one ...


Implicit Theories Of Ability And Self-Efficacy: Testing Alternative Social Cognitive Models To Science Motivation, Jason A. Chen, M. Shane Tutwiler Jan 2017

Implicit Theories Of Ability And Self-Efficacy: Testing Alternative Social Cognitive Models To Science Motivation, Jason A. Chen, M. Shane Tutwiler

School of Education Articles

Our overall goal was to empirically test what we called the “growth mindset as inoculation” hypothesis using a series of latent profile analytical approaches. This inoculation hypothesis, which is consistent with the way in which Dweck and Leggett (1988) described their social cognitive approach, states that believing in the malleability of intelligence serves a protective role against negative motivational and achievement outcomes. Participants were Grade 6 students (n = 504) from a middle school and Grade 10 students (n = 354) from two high schools in the Southeastern part of the United States. Two distinct patterns emerged, which corresponded to a growth ...


Conceptual Issuess And Assessment Of Implicit Theories, Marko Lüftenegger, Jason A. Chen Jan 2017

Conceptual Issuess And Assessment Of Implicit Theories, Marko Lüftenegger, Jason A. Chen

School of Education Articles

We reviewed fundamental conceptual issues and the state of research on the definition and assessment of implicit theories. We grappled with the following controversies related to the construct: (a) Are entity theory and incremental theory opposite ends of the same continuum? (b) How can scholars use more sophisticated methodologies to classify individuals into either the entity or incremental theory? (c) Given shifting conceptions of what intelligence is, how can scholars refine the implicit theory of intelligence construct? Given these conceptual issues, we then addressed practical issues related to the assessment of implicit theories. We point to the need for more ...


The Relationship Between Student Infractions And Social Emotional Competence: A Program Evaluation Of Responsive Classroom(Rtm), Bloodine Barthelus Jan 2015

The Relationship Between Student Infractions And Social Emotional Competence: A Program Evaluation Of Responsive Classroom(Rtm), Bloodine Barthelus

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Examining The Development Of Self-Authorship Among Student Veterans, Sharon L. M. Stone Jan 2014

Examining The Development Of Self-Authorship Among Student Veterans, Sharon L. M. Stone

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Choosing Mental Health: An Investigation Of The Relationship Between College Student Help Seeking And Self-Authorship, Kendra A. Surmitis Jan 2014

Choosing Mental Health: An Investigation Of The Relationship Between College Student Help Seeking And Self-Authorship, Kendra A. Surmitis

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Infusing The School Counseling Internship With A Global Perspective To Promote Ego Development, Moral Reasoning, And Ethnocultural Empathy: A Deliberate Psychological Education, Derek Lane Robertson Jan 2013

Infusing The School Counseling Internship With A Global Perspective To Promote Ego Development, Moral Reasoning, And Ethnocultural Empathy: A Deliberate Psychological Education, Derek Lane Robertson

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Expectancy-Value Classes As Predictors Of Science, Technology, Engineering, And Mathematics (Stem) Occupational Choice: Differences Related To Ability, Gender, Race/Ethnicity, And Socioeconomic Status, Lori Andersen Jan 2013

Expectancy-Value Classes As Predictors Of Science, Technology, Engineering, And Mathematics (Stem) Occupational Choice: Differences Related To Ability, Gender, Race/Ethnicity, And Socioeconomic Status, Lori Andersen

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


From The Inside Out: An In-Depth Look Into The Lives Of Students With Dual Exceptionalities, Monique S. Sims Jan 2012

From The Inside Out: An In-Depth Look Into The Lives Of Students With Dual Exceptionalities, Monique S. Sims

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Advanced Learner Perceptions Of Psychological Well-Being And School Satisfaction In Two Educational Settings, Janice C. Robertson Jan 2011

Advanced Learner Perceptions Of Psychological Well-Being And School Satisfaction In Two Educational Settings, Janice C. Robertson

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The intent of this study was to explore the effects of two settings on self-concept and school satisfaction of academically advanced high school students. The research designs were causal-comparative and correlational. Participants were 224 partial-day academic Governor's School students and 56 academically advanced students in district schools in a southern U.S. state.;Self-concept for the total group appeared adequate to strong, and the two student groups were similar in total self-concept and its dimensions ( p > .01), as measured by the Piers-Harris Children's Self-Concept Scale -- Second Edition (Piers- Harris 2). However, frequent worry, nervousness, and feelings of differentness ...


Big-Fish-Little-Pond Effect: The Impact On Academic Self-Concept, Peter O. Kwiterovich Iii Jan 2011

Big-Fish-Little-Pond Effect: The Impact On Academic Self-Concept, Peter O. Kwiterovich Iii

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact on the self-concept of students when they transitioned into an academically selective independent middle school. The sample consisted of 107 middle school students in an all-boys independent school in the northeast United States. Data on students' general self-concept, academic self-concept and domain specific academic self-concepts were collected using the Academic Self-Description Questionnaire I and II.;Four hypotheses were tested: 1) Newly enrolled students to the all-boys middle school will initially experience significantly more negative domain specific academic self-concepts than students who are returning or have been promoted from within the ...


Implicit Theories Of Ability Of Grade 6 Science Students: Relation To Epistemological Beliefs And Academic Motivation And Achievement In Science, Jason Chen, Frank Pajares Jan 2010

Implicit Theories Of Ability Of Grade 6 Science Students: Relation To Epistemological Beliefs And Academic Motivation And Achievement In Science, Jason Chen, Frank Pajares

Articles

We investigated (a) the associations of implicit theories and epistemological beliefs and their effects on the academic motivation and achievement of students in Grade 6 science and (b) the mean differences of implicit theories, epistemological beliefs, and academic motivation and achievement as a function of gender and race/ethnicity (N = 508). Path analysis revealed that an incremental view of ability had direct and indirect effects on adaptive motivational factors, whereas fixed entity views had direct and indirect effects on maladaptive factors. Epistemological beliefs mediated the influence of implicit theories of ability on achievement goal orientations, self-efficacy, and science achievement. Results ...


The Professional Learning Community And Its Effect On African American Students' Achievement, Anthony Eugene Copeland Jan 2010

The Professional Learning Community And Its Effect On African American Students' Achievement, Anthony Eugene Copeland

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this correlational study was to quantify the degree to which teachers believe their school adheres to professional learning community (PLC) practices and determine to what extent PLC practices are related to student achievement. The study also attempted to determine to what extent PLCs were related to African American students' achievement and closing the achievement gap.;Schools were the unit of analysis and participants were elementary school teachers from 25 schools in a large diverse school district located in the mid-Atlantic region. They were administered Hord's School Professional Staff as Learning Community survey to compute their school ...


The Effect Of An African-American Rites Of Passage Prevention Program On Adolescent Ethnic Identity, Drug Attitudes, Behavior In The Classroom And Academic Performance, Jamie B. Rodriguez Jan 2010

The Effect Of An African-American Rites Of Passage Prevention Program On Adolescent Ethnic Identity, Drug Attitudes, Behavior In The Classroom And Academic Performance, Jamie B. Rodriguez

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Organizational Citizenship Behaviors, Collective Teacher Efficacy, And Student Achievement In Elementary Schools, Jeffrey C. Jackson Jan 2009

Organizational Citizenship Behaviors, Collective Teacher Efficacy, And Student Achievement In Elementary Schools, Jeffrey C. Jackson

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This study sought to examine relationship between teacher organizational citizenship behaviors (OCB), collective teacher efficacy (CTE), and student achievement in urban elementary schools. A convenience sample of 1,327 teachers from 35 elementary schools from a single urban school district completed surveys designed to measure OCB and CTE. Student achievement data were based on performance on the Virginia Standards of Learning exams for grade 3 and 5 mathematics and reading.;Pearson correlation statistics revealed a significant positive relationship between OCB and CTE. Significant positive relationships were found between OCB and student achievement scores in grade 3 mathematics, grade 5 mathematics ...


An Examination Of The Relationships Between Ego Development, Dabrowski's Theory Of Positive Disintegration, And The Behavioral Characteristics Of Gifted Adolescents, Carrie Lynn Bailey Jan 2009

An Examination Of The Relationships Between Ego Development, Dabrowski's Theory Of Positive Disintegration, And The Behavioral Characteristics Of Gifted Adolescents, Carrie Lynn Bailey

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to explore the relationships between ego development, Dabrowski's theory of positive disintegration (TPD), and the social, emotional, and behavioral characteristics of gifted adolescents. Literature exploring the experiences of gifted individuals has often focused on asynchronous development, particularly during childhood and adolescence. Also discussed in the literature concerning gifted students are the unique social, emotional, and behavioral characteristics innate to the gifted population. However, there is still an unclear picture concerning the implications of this work as related to the specific counseling needs of gifted students, and little empirical support is provided. This study ...


Is Empathy The Missing Link In Teaching Business Ethics? A Course-Based Educational Intervention With Undergraduate Business Students, Christopher P. Adkins Jan 2009

Is Empathy The Missing Link In Teaching Business Ethics? A Course-Based Educational Intervention With Undergraduate Business Students, Christopher P. Adkins

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Past approaches to teaching ethics have been rooted primarily within the cognitive developmental tradition, with the focus on developing moral reasoning. Recent studies in cognitive neuroscience and social psychology have challenged this emphasis, highlighting the primacy of the emotion in driving moral decision-making. This study proposed that empathy may be an appropriate construct for integrating both processes, and that an moral education intervention that focused on empathetic perspective-taking based on Martin Hoffman's work may prove effective in both advancing moral reasoning and empathy. This approach was applied using a quasi-experimental design with undergraduate business students (N = 181) within a ...


Who Flourishes In College? Using Positive Psychology And Student Involvement Theory To Explore Mental Health Among Traditionally Aged Undergraduates, Virginia Miller Ambler Jan 2006

Who Flourishes In College? Using Positive Psychology And Student Involvement Theory To Explore Mental Health Among Traditionally Aged Undergraduates, Virginia Miller Ambler

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between undergraduate students' mental health and their engagement in the educational experience. The researcher identified traditionally-aged college students (18-23) who were flourishing and distinguished them from students who were moderately mentally healthy and/or languishing according to Keyes' (2002) continuum of mental health model. Mental health was the dependent variable. Student involvement was defined as the extent to which students engage in empirically derived good educational practices as measured by the National Survey of Student Engagement's College Student Report (2005). The five benchmark measures of student engagement were independent ...


The Relationship Between Racial Attitudes, Ego Developmental Level And Multicultural Counseling Knowledge And Awareness In School Psychologists, Valerie K. Mcdonald Jan 2006

The Relationship Between Racial Attitudes, Ego Developmental Level And Multicultural Counseling Knowledge And Awareness In School Psychologists, Valerie K. Mcdonald

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


A Comparison Of The Critical Thinking Dispositions Of Arts And Non-Arts Undergraduates, Nancy Ann Lampert Jan 2005

A Comparison Of The Critical Thinking Dispositions Of Arts And Non-Arts Undergraduates, Nancy Ann Lampert

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This study investigates the variance in critical thinking dispositions between arts and non-arts undergraduates using quantitative data from the California Critical Thinking Disposition Inventory (CCTDI), a survey instrument. Data were collected from a sample of 141 undergraduates at a large, urban, public university on the east coast. The population consisted of four groups: freshmen non-arts students, freshmen arts students, junior and senior non-arts students, and junior and senior arts students.;of the four groups which were compared, the junior and senior arts subjects showed the greatest mean total score on the CCTDI. This mean was significantly higher than that of ...


Developmental Strategies And Styles And Their Measurement, Wenyu Bai Jan 2005

Developmental Strategies And Styles And Their Measurement, Wenyu Bai

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Developmental styles and strategies (DSS) are preferences and repeated patterns in intentional self-development. A taxonomy of DSS based on the convergence of talent development and Sternberg's Triarchic Model of Intelligences was proposed to distinguish school learners, street learners, talent developers (specialists), and all-knowers (generalists). This study explored the reliability of the researcher-developed Educational Developmental Style and Strategy Scale, the relationships of age, gender, birth order, ethnicity, and SES to developmental DSS adoption, and the characteristics of five types of DSS adopters (i.e., street learning specialists, street learning generalists, school learning specialists, school learning generalists, the neutral group). Eighty ...


School-Based Family Counseling Practices: A National Survey Of School Counselors, School Psychologists, And School Social Workers, Karen Y. Whitmore Jan 2004

School-Based Family Counseling Practices: A National Survey Of School Counselors, School Psychologists, And School Social Workers, Karen Y. Whitmore

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Emotional Intelligence As A Mediating Variable In Astin's I -E -O Model Of Higher Education, Betsy Ross Edison Jan 2002

Emotional Intelligence As A Mediating Variable In Astin's I -E -O Model Of Higher Education, Betsy Ross Edison

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


A Study Of The Relationship Between Student Achievement And Home Socialization, Janet Carter Crawley Jan 2002

A Study Of The Relationship Between Student Achievement And Home Socialization, Janet Carter Crawley

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between student achievement and home socialization. Specifically, it explored the influence of cognitive and academic home socialization variables on the achievement of seventh- and twelfth-grade students. It further explored the influence of cognitive and academic subvariables on student achievement. The cognitive home socialization subvariables were stimulating literacy environment and joint learning activities. The academic home socialization subvariables were expectations and attitudes and values and behaviors.;The population consisted of parents of seventh- and twelfth-grade students from a small, rural, predominantly African-American school division in Central Virginia. One hundred twenty-five parents ...


Beyond Ability: Effects Of Caffeine And Impulsivity On Academic And Creative Performance, Sara E. Chambers Jan 2001

Beyond Ability: Effects Of Caffeine And Impulsivity On Academic And Creative Performance, Sara E. Chambers

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Optimal Educational Experiences And Their Relationship To Self-Concept And Flow In Adolescent High-Ability And Gifted Learners, Lisa Ann Schenkel Jan 2001

Optimal Educational Experiences And Their Relationship To Self-Concept And Flow In Adolescent High-Ability And Gifted Learners, Lisa Ann Schenkel

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.