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Articles 1 - 30 of 57

Full-Text Articles in Education

Food Allergies And Disabilities In Children, Angela D. Vaughn Jun 2022

Food Allergies And Disabilities In Children, Angela D. Vaughn

LC Journal of Special Education

There is increased curiosity and research regarding the role that food allergies may or may not have in relation to major disabilities in children. Some researchers claim that symptoms, from simple aches and pains to cancer, are caused by food allergies. More specifically, in regards to children, there has been much speculation and research concerning specific food allergies and its possible link to two major disabilities in particular, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and autism.


Specialized Reading Programs: An Analysis Of The Components Of Effective Reading, Damien Murtagh Jun 2022

Specialized Reading Programs: An Analysis Of The Components Of Effective Reading, Damien Murtagh

LC Journal of Special Education

This paper will identify characteristics of effective reading construction, analyze a number of specialized reading programs-focusing on their ability to include these instructional characteristics-and discuss the implications of these instructional components when designing reading instruction.


Adolescent Students With Disabilities And Learning Strategies, Lee Mattox Jun 2022

Adolescent Students With Disabilities And Learning Strategies, Lee Mattox

LC Journal of Special Education

The purpose of this paper is to analyze the classroom demands in middle and high school and the expectations for independent learning in adolescent students. This paper also examines the performance deficits that are commonly found in adolescents with disabilities. An overview of learning strategies instruction follows. Finally, implications for adolescent students from this type of instruction are discussed.


Investigating The Overrepresentation Of Ethnic Minorities In Special Education, Damien Murtagh Jun 2022

Investigating The Overrepresentation Of Ethnic Minorities In Special Education, Damien Murtagh

LC Journal of Special Education

Debates on the overrepresentation of minority students, particularly African- Americans, are not new in special education and have characterized research in this field for over three decades. Regardless of time, legislative debate and a host of research theories, this problem remains. “In general, research has supported the public concern but the picture is unclear because studies have varied so much with respect to definitions of minority representation in findings across ethnic groups and technical methods (Coutinho & Oswald, 1999, p. 66). It is on the definition of minorities, the methods used to calculate date and the identification of minority students that ...


Reactive Attachment Disorder: A Review, Malia C. King Jun 2022

Reactive Attachment Disorder: A Review, Malia C. King

LC Journal of Special Education

Using recent research, this paper will provide an overview of reactive attachment disorder, its symptoms, characteristics and causal factors, as well as assessment and treatment tools. It will conclude with a discussion of controversies relating to the present DSM-IV definition as well as attention to prevention considerations.


Does Rap Increased Reading Comprehension Levels?, Crystal Hall Jun 2022

Does Rap Increased Reading Comprehension Levels?, Crystal Hall

LC Journal of Special Education

The purpose of this research is to determine whether using a learning strategy will increase reading comprehension for students with mental retardation. The specific learning strategy implemented in the survey is called RAP. The researcher hopes that students will be able to generalize the strategy to other academic classes to aid in reading comprehension of course material.


Asperger Syndrome And Its Presence During The Adolescent Years, Ameka R. Cruz Jun 2022

Asperger Syndrome And Its Presence During The Adolescent Years, Ameka R. Cruz

LC Journal of Special Education

Asperger's syndrome is increasing in incidence with children. The characteristics of Asperger syndrome and its effects during the adolescent years are addressed. The social, emotional, and educational factors are discussed, along with interventions and strategies.


Williams Syndrome, Vickie Davis Jun 2022

Williams Syndrome, Vickie Davis

LC Journal of Special Education

Williams syndrome is known by several names: Beuren's syndrome, Williams-Beuren syndrome, Fanconi-Schlesinger syndrome, Williams‟ elfin face syndrome, Williams-Barratt syndrome, and Williams‟ syndrome (Also known as . . . 2001). Williams syndrome (WS) affects 1 in 7500-20,000 births regardless of gender or race (Stromme, Bjornstad, and Ramstad 2002). It is typically diagnosed in infancy or in early childhood. Recently, there has been a great deal of research regarding all aspects of this perplexing syndrome. Therefore, the scope of this paper will be an overview of the history, etiology, characteristics, and interventions surrounding Williams syndrome.


Rett Syndrome, Susan V. Boyd Jun 2022

Rett Syndrome, Susan V. Boyd

LC Journal of Special Education

The purpose of this paper is to explore the causes, characteristics, and interventions associated with Rett syndrome.


Self-Monitoring In The Writing Process, Cindy Bargabos Jun 2022

Self-Monitoring In The Writing Process, Cindy Bargabos

LC Journal of Special Education

In recent years there has been an increasing focus on developing the writing skills of students at all grade levels. Much of the focus has been the result of research that has indicated that students are not able to competently produce a composition that is well organized and effective. Harris, Graham, and Mason (2003) cited a study done by Applebee, Langer, Mullis, Latham, and Gentile (1994) in which national and state writing assessments have suggested that a large portion of elementary and high school students struggle with the writing process and in particular have difficulty with writing narrative, expository, and ...


Secondary Health Education Teachers Perspectives Of Professional Development And Learning In Central Virginia, Katherine L. Bowman May 2022

Secondary Health Education Teachers Perspectives Of Professional Development And Learning In Central Virginia, Katherine L. Bowman

Faculty Publications

Secondary health education teachers (SHETs) have noted deficiencies in opportunities for professional development and learning (PDL) in their content area. The purpose of the study was to explore SHETs’ perspectives of PDL in Central Virginia. Thirteen middle (n=7) and high school (n=6) SHETs volunteered for this research. A qualitative case study was framed by social constructionism and data collection included interviews, focus groups, and document analysis. The data was analyzed through an inductive and thematic analysis process. SHETs identified opportunities and constraints for school wide and outside PDL. This study also offers recommendations for school administration and PDL ...


The Benefits Of Reading For Pleasure, And How To Instill A Lifelong Love Of Reading In Students, Anna-Catherine Kueng Apr 2022

The Benefits Of Reading For Pleasure, And How To Instill A Lifelong Love Of Reading In Students, Anna-Catherine Kueng

Student Scholar Showcase

Reading for pleasure has countless benefits for people of all ages, including social, emotional, and intellectual growth. However, one’s love for reading does not appear spontaneously; it is something that is cultivated inside and outside of school. From being read to by parents, to including literature-based social media activities in the classroom, there are many factors that make students enjoy reading. This research explores specific factors that make people want to read and how K-12 teachers can use this knowledge to become better teachers. As the title suggests, the essence of this research is to answer the question: how ...


The Use Of Dining Data To Increase Retention And Academic Success In Residential First-Year Students, Hailey A. Manicone Mar 2022

The Use Of Dining Data To Increase Retention And Academic Success In Residential First-Year Students, Hailey A. Manicone

Graduate Dissertations and Theses

Higher education leaders have been conducting research over the last 50 years to pinpoint why students enroll in college and then end up leaving. Research shows that there is not a single factor that influences a student’s decision, but it is a variety of factors. Influential factors include class attendance, a sense of belonging, motivation, academic rigor and performance, finances, and more. A student’s physical wellness and mental state can also impact their academic success and life while in college. First-year students often experience depression, anxiety, and loneliness as they try to successfully transition to college. Most of ...


Attributes And Characteristics Of The Physician-Physician Assistant Organizational Leader Relationship, Victoria S. Louwagie Oct 2021

Attributes And Characteristics Of The Physician-Physician Assistant Organizational Leader Relationship, Victoria S. Louwagie

Graduate Dissertations and Theses

Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate and better understand the attributes and characteristics of the influential physician, the dual-roled physician assistant (PA)leader and how this relationship impacts the PA leader and the PA leader-physician relationship. These dual-role PA leaders may possess additional formal job titles and duties while also having direct reports.

Method: We surveyed PA leaders at a large academic medical center and its associated health system. The survey instrument evaluates perceptions, attitudes and characteristics of the PA leader, influential physician, and their relationship.

Results: There were 34/56 PA organizational leaders that responded to ...


Feeling Smarter: The Impact Of Emotional Intelligence And Situational Academic Stressors On Resilience, Coping, And Well-Being, Jenna Bohrer May 2021

Feeling Smarter: The Impact Of Emotional Intelligence And Situational Academic Stressors On Resilience, Coping, And Well-Being, Jenna Bohrer

Undergraduate Theses and Capstone Projects

Since its inception, Salovey and Mayer’s (1990) construct of emotional intelligence has been associated with positive outcomes from heightened academic performance to resilience (Connor & Slear, 2009; Costa & Faria, 2020). The present study focused on the impact of emotional intelligence and academic stress on coping, resilience, and psychological well-being within a college population. It was hypothesized that those high in emotional intelligence would employ more approach coping strategies and fewer avoidance coping strategies compared to those low in emotional intelligence, and that the higher stress scenario would result in more avoidance and less approach coping compared to the moderate stress scenario. Emotional ...


Peeling Back The Layers - Perceptions Of Parents Of Urban Elementary Students, Kellie Scruggs Baldwin Dec 2020

Peeling Back The Layers - Perceptions Of Parents Of Urban Elementary Students, Kellie Scruggs Baldwin

Graduate Dissertations and Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine the educational experiences of an identified urban elementary school in Central Virginia parents (similar to the researcher’s school’s parents) as lived through their own experience and how these educational experiences determine their academic parent involvement for their child. By examining parents’ educational experiences, educational professionals may be able to bridge the home and school communities and determine support needed to aid families in educating children.


Information Behaviors And Pedagogies Of Teaching Faculty, L. Katherine Glaeser Aug 2020

Information Behaviors And Pedagogies Of Teaching Faculty, L. Katherine Glaeser

Graduate Dissertations and Theses

Rapid development in the information landscape (IL) has placed increased pressure on educational institutions to ensure that students are equipped with the skills needed to succeed. In order to overcome these challenges and transfer the necessary IL skills to students, faculty instructors must model the required skills in their own information dissemination practices, and adopt instructional methods that reinforce those skills and increase students’ opportunities to practice them. To achieve this goal, we must first understand the perspectives of the faculty, and the contexts in which information seeking and teaching occurs.

This study aims to learn what approaches teaching faculty ...


Principal Preparation And Mentorship In Professional Standards For Educational Leaders, Caroline Whitney Rinella May 2020

Principal Preparation And Mentorship In Professional Standards For Educational Leaders, Caroline Whitney Rinella

Graduate Dissertations and Theses

The role of a principal looks very different from years ago and responsibilities principals are charged with have evolved significantly over time. In nearly all states, principals receive training and certification under the Professional Standards for Educational Leaders (PSELs) with focus in the following areas: 1. Mission, Vision, and Core Values, 2. Ethics and Professional Norms, 3. Equity and Cultural Responsiveness, 4. Curriculum, Instruction and Assessment, 5. Community of Care and Support for Students, 6. Professional Capacity of School Personnel, 7. Professional Community for Teachers and Staff, 8. Meaningful Engagement of Families and Community, 9. Operations and Management, and 10 ...


How Health And Physical Education Teachers Feel About The Virginia Communications And Literacy Assessment, Tc Thacker May 2020

How Health And Physical Education Teachers Feel About The Virginia Communications And Literacy Assessment, Tc Thacker

Undergraduate Theses and Capstone Projects

In the Commonwealth of Virginia, in order to become a teacher, certain state-selected assessments must be completed. These assessments are required for every candidate who is pursuing a teaching career. One of these required assessments is the Virginia Communication and Literacy Assessment (VCLA) and it was created to measure communication and literacy skills. The requirement of this test brought forth the question: how do Health and Physical Education teachers feel that the VCLA has helped prepare them for their current work? This question was explored using a qualitative approach which led to the examination of teachers beliefs in regards to ...


The Effect Of Information Interventions On Retention Among University Of Lynchburg Students, Sara Mills May 2020

The Effect Of Information Interventions On Retention Among University Of Lynchburg Students, Sara Mills

Undergraduate Theses and Capstone Projects

College retention rates are a frequently discussed topic amid declining retention and increasing time to degree completion. My research will evaluate whether a targeted nudging program has any impact on second-year students retaining to their third year at University of Lynchburg. Nudging defined as, “…any aspect of the choice architecture that alters people's behaviour in a predictable way without forbidding any options or significantly changing their economic incentives…” as discussed by Thaler and Sunstein (2008). I will analyze the outcome of nudging student behavior via weekly text alerts centered around Academic, Social, Career, and/or Financial information students have ...


The Impact Of Religiosity And Personality On Resilience And Coping Strategies, Leah Eldred May 2020

The Impact Of Religiosity And Personality On Resilience And Coping Strategies, Leah Eldred

Undergraduate Theses and Capstone Projects

The purpose of the current study was to examine the impact of religiosity and personality on resilience and coping strategies amongst undergraduate college students. Participants completed four different questionnaires measuring religiosity, personality, resilience, and coping skills, as well as a demographic questionnaire. A two-way factorial ANOVA statistical analysis and correlation analyses were conducted. The findings indicated that participants who were pessimistic reported more use of maladaptive coping strategies than optimistic participants. The main implication of this study was that people who are more pessimistic can be taught how to utilize adaptive coping strategies rather than the maladaptive ones that they ...


A Wrap Around Poverty Intervention Model: Leveraging Social Capital Reduces Poverty, Robert James Cook Apr 2020

A Wrap Around Poverty Intervention Model: Leveraging Social Capital Reduces Poverty, Robert James Cook

Graduate Dissertations and Theses

In 1964, the United States began to wage a war to end generational poverty using antipoverty policies and programs, with controversial results. The theory exists that wraparound (WA) poverty intervention programs are effective in helping participants develop relational assets (RA) and social capital (SC) to overcome the effects of poverty, yet few organizations are seeking solutions to chronic poverty using these methods. One such program is The Open Table (TOT). Their concept uses 6-9 mentors who meet weekly with a brother/sister for one year to help them identify and achieve their financial, educational, occupational, health and family goals. The ...


Predicting Academic Dishonesty Using Personality, Impulsiveness, Morality, And Somatic Faking, Lauren Barbee Apr 2020

Predicting Academic Dishonesty Using Personality, Impulsiveness, Morality, And Somatic Faking, Lauren Barbee

Undergraduate Theses and Capstone Projects

Violations of academic honor are relative to many of the same factors that lead to dishonesty by individuals subject to the criminal justice system. Malingering is defined as the feigning of psychological or physical ailment for gain, which is a technique regularly used to exploit both academic institutions and the U.S. court system. While malingering in legal environments is generally to receive less harsh sentencing, access to drugs, or other benefits, the aim of faking illness in students is to avoid consequences for missing required classes or examinations. The purpose of this research is to identify the relationship between ...


Self-Determination And Academic Success Of College Students With Disabilities, Lindsay F. Farrar Apr 2020

Self-Determination And Academic Success Of College Students With Disabilities, Lindsay F. Farrar

Graduate Dissertations and Theses

Within education, there have been many legislative changes in the last several decades to promote equitable access for students with disabilities. However, many barriers still exist that prevent these students from being academically successful once they have gained appropriate access. Research in the last 10 to 15 years has consistently identified these barriers as well as pinpointed some predictors of success for students with disabilities. Much of this research acknowledges the importance of self-management, goal-setting, and self-determination, yet there is a gap in the body of literature that specifically links self-determination to academic performance within the postsecondary setting. This study ...


Improving Student Success In Community Colleges: A Case Study Of One Virginia Community College, Kristin M. Ogden Mar 2020

Improving Student Success In Community Colleges: A Case Study Of One Virginia Community College, Kristin M. Ogden

Graduate Dissertations and Theses

The Gates Foundation’s Completion by Design Loss Momentum Framework (LMF) has been the catalyst for twenty-first century community college reform. This framework indicates the points in a student’s college journey as: 1) Connection – from interest to application; 2) Entry – from enrolling to passing program gatekeeper courses; 3) Progress – from program entry to completion of program requirements; and 4) Completion – completion of credential of value for further market value or labor market advancement. The Completion by Design Loss Momentum Framework focuses on student success by using a Guided Pathways approach through which incoming students are given support to clarify ...


Belonging: A Grounded Theory Approach To Retaining First-Year Students In Women's Colleges, Marcia J. Thom-Kaley Edd Mar 2020

Belonging: A Grounded Theory Approach To Retaining First-Year Students In Women's Colleges, Marcia J. Thom-Kaley Edd

Graduate Dissertations and Theses

Existing theory regarding first-year retention is explored. The Holistic Systems Approach to retaining first-year students in women's colleges is developed and examined.


Instructor Assessment Of Adult Cpr Skills: A Comparison Between Subjective And Objective Measures, Emily Evans Dec 2018

Instructor Assessment Of Adult Cpr Skills: A Comparison Between Subjective And Objective Measures, Emily Evans

Graduate Dissertations and Theses

Providing accurate feedback is an important component of teaching CPR skills. An important part of providing accurate feedback is being able to accurately assess specific skills. In a cross- sectional experimental design, 33 CPR instructors were recruited to assess six 2-minute pre- recorded videos of 2-person CPR skills. The subjective assessment measures were compared to the objective manikin measures from a Laerdal Resusci-Anne® QCPR manikin. Results indicated statistically significant differences between the subjective and objective measures in all skills assessed (chest compression rate, chest compression depth, chest recoil, hand placement, ventilation volume, and total cycles). Instructor teaching experience (in years ...


This Is How We Did It: A Grounded Theory Approach Of Black Male Success, Aaron Smith Jul 2018

This Is How We Did It: A Grounded Theory Approach Of Black Male Success, Aaron Smith

Graduate Dissertations and Theses

For decades, literature has described success for Black males as a hard-to-obtain phenomenon due to the nearly insurmountable hardships they face. Although this previous negative narrative has positively shifted within the last 15 years, there are still insignificant amounts of research on how to obtain Black male life success. This study sought to discover how 14 Black males in Central Virginia achieved life success. In this study, life success for Black males was defined and explored utilizing the psychological construct of well-being. This grounded theory study identified a framework for Black male life success which included a definition for life ...


A Freshman Bridge Program: Transition To Success, Amy Hale May 2018

A Freshman Bridge Program: Transition To Success, Amy Hale

Graduate Dissertations and Theses

The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of a Freshman Bridge Program on student attitude, student achievement in Algebra I, and overall student academic achievement beginning in the spring of the eighth grade year through the first semester of the ninth grade year. The Freshman Bridge Program began with a three-week summer program in July focused on hands-on math activities, career counseling, and study skills. Throughout the first semester of their ninth grade year, participants were a part of a continuum of interventions that included bi-quarterly case management meetings with the researcher and school counselor, data monitoring ...


Sensory Integration In Saint Lucian Schools: A Case Study, Megan Lively Spt, Ashley Danielsen Spt, Leigha Schimmoeller Spt Apr 2018

Sensory Integration In Saint Lucian Schools: A Case Study, Megan Lively Spt, Ashley Danielsen Spt, Leigha Schimmoeller Spt

Student Scholar Showcase

In January 2018, the Lynchburg College Doctor of Physical Therapy program sent a group of ten first- and second-year students to St. Lucia to provide therapy services to children in need across the island in five different special education schools. The group has been able to work hand-in-hand with the Ministry of Education in St. Lucia for the past three years in order to make a positive impact on the special education students and teachers. As the group did their evaluations this year, we noticed a trend that most of the students we worked presented with sensory integration dysfunctions and ...