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Full-Text Articles in Education

Toxic Stress And Childhood Adversities: Causes, Effects, Treatment And Future Recommendations, Annabelle Carter May 2020

Toxic Stress And Childhood Adversities: Causes, Effects, Treatment And Future Recommendations, Annabelle Carter

Honors Theses

This paper was written with the goal of defining toxic stress and examining its social causes and biological long term effects. In order to do so, it includes both a literature review listing past data and research along with interviews with professionals in the fields of early childhood and mental health. Toxic stress is a psychobiological response, evolved in humans with the goal of protecting them in cases of immediate danger and should not remain active long term. However, in cases of toxic stress, this response stays engaged which results in lasting biological impact on the bodies and brains of ...


The Impact Of Generational Experiences On Anti-Immigration Sentiments, Pedram Malakian Jun 2019

The Impact Of Generational Experiences On Anti-Immigration Sentiments, Pedram Malakian

Honors Theses

Immigration is one of the most important issues in our increasingly globalized world. Every year, millions of people relocate to Europe and United States in an effort to improve the quality of life for themselves and their family. With this increase in immigration, there has been an emergence of anti-immigration sentiments which have in turn allowed far right political parties to gain more power, evident in the British referendum to leave the European Union and Donald Trump’s election as President of the United States. While most works of literature look at the current work status, education level and income ...


Aphasia & Stutter Therapy: An Ailment Not To Be Treated, Janae Nieto Apr 2019

Aphasia & Stutter Therapy: An Ailment Not To Be Treated, Janae Nieto

Honors Theses

This work demonstrates the history of two common speech and communication disorders: aphasia and stuttering. Once considered incurable diseases, these conditions have since generated rich rehabilitation practices and accompanying schools of thought. The first part of the thesis takes up adult aphasia, excluding cases involving speech and communication disorders due to other mental illnesses. The second half of this project conveys the history of stuttering. The majority of the modern cases analyzed in this thesis focus on developmental stuttering in children; although, different forms of stuttering are embedded in the progression of the therapy history. Each chapter includes a section ...


Ada Enhancements & Requirements Union College & Richard Bernstein, Scott Felix Jan 2019

Ada Enhancements & Requirements Union College & Richard Bernstein, Scott Felix

2019 Diversity and Inclusion Certification Course

The American Disabilities Act became law in 1990 under George Bush. It is a civil rights law that protect individuals with disabilities in all areas of life. It is similar to the protection of individual on the basis of race, color, sex, national origin, age or religion. In reference to construction of spaces it plays a major role in planning for the accessibility of a space for projects on commercial or private business based on size of a company or organization. But in general it is looking out for a group that is not able to look out for themselves ...


Black Space And Branding The Afrofuture: The Rippling Effect Of Schaffer Library’S Afrofuturist Exhibitions:, Julie Lohnes, Robyn Reed Jan 2019

Black Space And Branding The Afrofuture: The Rippling Effect Of Schaffer Library’S Afrofuturist Exhibitions:, Julie Lohnes, Robyn Reed

2019 Diversity and Inclusion Certification Course

Leveraging the library space to help realize the college's goals of diversity, the Access Services Librarian and the Director and Curator of Art Collections and Exhibitions sought to address the lack of racial/ethnic representation on campus through a multimedia exhibit and art installation that brought our diverse collections to the forefront. The exhibit Black Space: Reading (and writing) Ourselves into the Future highlighted our library's speculative book, film and music collections, while the art installation Branding the Afrofuture featured political and celebratory digital print collages with graffiti wall drawings to present black cultural production through an Afrofuturist ...


Did U Know...?, Andrea Belair Jan 2019

Did U Know...?, Andrea Belair

2019 Diversity and Inclusion Certification Course

Did U Know...? is a collaborative project from Union College’s Office of Multicultural Affairs and Andrea Belair, Librarian for Archives and Special Collections. The goal of the project was to bring out under-represented voices and issues from Union College’s past through the use of primary source materials.


Union College Admissions Respects And Appreciates All Identities, Lilia Tiemann, Susie Hanks Jan 2019

Union College Admissions Respects And Appreciates All Identities, Lilia Tiemann, Susie Hanks

2019 Diversity and Inclusion Certification Course

This project highlights the inclusive wording to be added to admissions forms, web pages, staff business cards, and campus visit registration. Examples of inclusive language changes already completed are listed as well.


Marginalized Populations In Adirondack History, Matthew Golebiewski Jan 2019

Marginalized Populations In Adirondack History, Matthew Golebiewski

2019 Diversity and Inclusion Certification Course

The Adirondacks, a mountainous wilderness located in New York State, fundamentally changed in the late 19th century. Expanding rail lines, the publication of travel guides, and other economic and social factors ushered in a new era of tourism and development. As more travel routes opened towns up to settlement and growth, droves of new visitors followed suit. The era of great camps built by Gilded-Age industrialists further brought in wealthy seasonal residents and tourists alike. Recreational outdoor activities were the other part of this boom, with hiking being formally recognized as such around the turn of the 20th century. (1 ...


L'Éducation Comme Activisme: Comment Des Associations Françaises Lgbt Actuelles Utilisent Des Interventions En Milieu Scolaire Pour Sensibiliser Des Élèves Aux Identités Lgbt, William Garner Jun 2018

L'Éducation Comme Activisme: Comment Des Associations Françaises Lgbt Actuelles Utilisent Des Interventions En Milieu Scolaire Pour Sensibiliser Des Élèves Aux Identités Lgbt, William Garner

Honors Theses

Plusieurs communautés à travers le monde deviennent plus tolérantes des personnes LGBT, comme en témoignent les nations qui légalisent le mariage entre des personnes de même sexe et qui passent des lois qui protègent contre la discrimination basée sur l'orientation sexuelle ou l'identité du genre. Mais les attitudes ne changent pas toujours aussi rapidement que les lois. Cette étude concerne la France, un pays qui a passé la législation soutenant la communauté LGBT mais qui nourrit encore beaucoup d'homophobie, de biphobie et de transphobie. Je m'intéresse aux programmes éducatifs aux niveaux de collège et de lycée ...


Environmental Clearinghouse Of Schenectady, Kate Van Patten Jun 2018

Environmental Clearinghouse Of Schenectady, Kate Van Patten

Honors Theses

This paper analyses Environmental Clearinghouse of Schenectady, a local nonprofit environmental organization. The paper investigates the history of the organization as well as the effectiveness of its organizational and funding habits. A literary review was conducted to analyze the success of ECOS mission as well as the positive effects ECOS has on society using elements such as environmental education, the importance of early environmental education, how well the organization connects urban residents with the outdoors and the effectiveness of environmental programs. This research promotes the importance of early environmental education on our future generations health and environmental conditions. Additionally, through ...


The Effects Of Stem Education On Economic Growth, Mallory Croak Jun 2018

The Effects Of Stem Education On Economic Growth, Mallory Croak

Honors Theses

This thesis aims to build on existing studies of human capital and returns to education with a focus on innovation-fueling, STEM-based education, to answer: How does STEM education affect macroeconomic growth across different countries? A review of literature reveals that many studies account for human capital in growth equations, measured as average years of education. However, educational attainment as a measure of human capital leaves out the additional impact of research, technological know-how and innovation on growth. This thesis seeks to bridge some of the overlap between education and innovation as it affects productivity by focusing on education in STEM ...


An Examination Of School Shootings And Mental Health: A Comparative Case Study, Emily Kaufman Mar 2018

An Examination Of School Shootings And Mental Health: A Comparative Case Study, Emily Kaufman

Honors Theses

School shootings have become more relevant in our society over the past few decades, yet the debate over the cause of these shootings never seems to reach a conclusion. The current study looks at the connection between mental illness and school shootings, as well as the roles that media, gun control, violence, and masculinity play in the common phenomena. Prior literature has debated over the main causes of school shootings, but many researchers state differing opinions regarding the motivations for perpetrators. This study found that severe mental illness is the main cause of school shootings, and while mental illness may ...


A Universal Design For Learning (Udl) Workshop For Instructional Librarians, Courtney Seymour Jan 2018

A Universal Design For Learning (Udl) Workshop For Instructional Librarians, Courtney Seymour

2018 Diversity and Inclusion Certification Course

The Union campus is becoming increasingly diverse, including in the individual learning differences of its students. UNIVERSAL DESIGN FOR LEARNING (UDL) principles offer flexible guidelines for meeting the needs of students in the classroom.


Building Community With Diversity, Equity And Inclusion Principles, Frances Maloy Jan 2018

Building Community With Diversity, Equity And Inclusion Principles, Frances Maloy

2018 Diversity and Inclusion Certification Course

DEI has become increasingly important for all libraries because while the populations we serve are more diverse our staff is not. What are initiatives that I can do to support an inclusive culture for the library, campus and profession?


Becker Career Center, Shannon Flaherty Jan 2018

Becker Career Center, Shannon Flaherty

2018 Diversity and Inclusion Certification Course

There were many possibilities for new inclusion and diversity initiatives that the Becker Career Center could take advantage of. We wanted to set reasonable and measurable short-term and long-term goals for all members of our staff to execute.


An Analysis On Using Preferred Names For Employees, Ryan Donelan Jan 2018

An Analysis On Using Preferred Names For Employees, Ryan Donelan

2018 Diversity and Inclusion Certification Course

The ability to be able to use a preferred name instead of a legal name, when applicable, can be important for individuals whose preferred name best reflects their gender identify. Therefore it is best that we ensure we are currently using the preferred name in areas where it is appropriate, and that it can be efficiently updated. This project is meant to analyze a situation where a new or existing employee wishes to have a preferred name that is different than their legal name.


Children Enrichment Programs And Teaching Methods In Two Different Socioeconomic Classes, Chloe Bartlett Jun 2017

Children Enrichment Programs And Teaching Methods In Two Different Socioeconomic Classes, Chloe Bartlett

Honors Theses

Students from working class families are not given equal attention treatment opportunities or guidance as those of middle class backgrounds. The 'gap' between family and school is the socioeconomic background being catered to in schools. I argue that schools run on a highly Western middle class ideology and thus do not reflect cultural values or systems of students from working class families who perceive authority differently and have been socialized in a community plagued by violence crime and lack of economic resources. Such resources that middle class families can attain to academically assist their children. As a result those students ...


A Glimpse At Teaching Leadership In America: Case Studies Illuminate The Problems, Margaret Girton Jun 2017

A Glimpse At Teaching Leadership In America: Case Studies Illuminate The Problems, Margaret Girton

Honors Theses

Leadership is everywhere in America. The concept of leadership is nearly impossible to define and means many different things to many different people, yet it permeates American society at all levels. Moreover, the American people seem to be obsessed with the notion of leadership and within their obsession have projected a value on the concept, making it a quality desired by many. The obsession of leadership is exemplified by the proliferation of the leadership industry and an increased emphasis on leadership development in the corporate world. Furthermore higher education has been similarly affected by the leadership phenomenon and often aims ...


L’Enseignement D’Une Langue Étrangère : La Nécessité Et L’Impact Sur La Société En France Et Aux Etats-Unis / Teaching Of A Foreign Language: The Need And Impact On Society In France And The United States, Lauren Savrin Jun 2017

L’Enseignement D’Une Langue Étrangère : La Nécessité Et L’Impact Sur La Société En France Et Aux Etats-Unis / Teaching Of A Foreign Language: The Need And Impact On Society In France And The United States, Lauren Savrin

Honors Theses

The Anglophone population of the world is not as large as we think it is. In fact English is the third most common language spoken in the world. Yet this population (primarily Americans) expects other people to speak English without bothering to reciprocate. As a result of this phenomenon a discrepancy has occurred in how children learn a foreign language. America is severely lacking in their language education and readily accepts it when children no longer want to learn a foreign language. Students in France are required to take English starting in elementary school. Most schools in the United States ...


The Application Of Telemedicine To College Health At A Four-Year University And Community College, Matthew S. Wu Jun 2017

The Application Of Telemedicine To College Health At A Four-Year University And Community College, Matthew S. Wu

Honors Theses

Telemedicine has been proposed as a mechanism to provide health care over a distance through telecommunication technologies. Through this platform, providers can deliver preventative, diagnostic, and therapeutic services, in addition to patient education and assistance with self-treatment. The most prevalent model in the industry is using telemedicine as a first-contact emergency medical service for acute illness. This study investigates the potential application of telemedicine in providing emergency medicine for college student populations in higher-level education settings. Based on prior review of the body of literature, college students are found to be generally healthy but face disparities in accessing health care ...


Race To The Bottom: The United State's Early Childhood Education Issue, Elizabeth Dalton Jun 2017

Race To The Bottom: The United State's Early Childhood Education Issue, Elizabeth Dalton

Honors Theses

Since the 1990's there has been a large push for universal early childhood education in the United States as other countries have started to create their own programs. Administrators and policymakers in power have realized the impact of early childhood education on the future lives of children. In my paper I do a historical comparative analysis on Head Start and the push for universal preschool in the states and abroad. I do this by looking at why Head Start was needed the process to make it a staple in American society and the impacts. I move on to look ...


Rating College Debt: A Case Study Of Union College, Laura Mueller Jun 2017

Rating College Debt: A Case Study Of Union College, Laura Mueller

Honors Theses

On Friday March 3rd President Stephen Ainlay made an announcement of 'the largest most expensive most complex project in Union's history.' President Ainlay is referencing the massive rebirth of one of Union's most central academic buildings Science and Engineering. The three-phrase building project will take an estimated three years and cost a total of $100 million. About $50 million of this project will be financed through debt. This comes at a time when Moody's a top rating agency changed the methodology for rating higher education debt. My thesis explores the impact of the new methodology on Union ...


The Effect Of Posture On Classroom Participation, Janine Cerutti Jun 2016

The Effect Of Posture On Classroom Participation, Janine Cerutti

Honors Theses

Past research suggested that students with low self-esteem participate less in class than students with high self-esteem. Separately, prior research investigated the effects of nonverbal behavior on different variables such as confidence and performance. In the current research, we explored the effect of posture on the level of class participation (i.e. the number of times participants raised their hand to participate during a question-answer session). First, participants were asked to take a self-esteem questionnaire before participating in a simulated lecture. Next, participants were randomly assigned to either a slumped or upright posture condition. During the lecture, participants watched a ...


Children's Perceptions Of Bullying Situations: Factors Influencing Peer Interventions, Allison Minchoff Jun 2016

Children's Perceptions Of Bullying Situations: Factors Influencing Peer Interventions, Allison Minchoff

Honors Theses

Previous research is inconclusive as to whether racial biases are prominent in elementary school children and whether gender influences the children’s perceptions of a bullying situation. Since both bullying and racial discrimination are of increased concern, I investigated how children perceive ambiguous situations that could be considered deliberate bullying or an accident, as a function of the gender, race, and reputation of the potential bully. Participants were asked to read three brief scenarios, each accompanied by a picture of the potential bully, and completed a questionnaire regarding how positive they would rate the actor, how negative they would rate ...


Quantitative Assessment Of The Presence Of A Bubble In The Higher Education Market, Kyle Birnbaum Jun 2016

Quantitative Assessment Of The Presence Of A Bubble In The Higher Education Market, Kyle Birnbaum

Honors Theses

The relationship between the value of a college education and the price of the diploma is explored for exuberance in light of the accelerating growth rate of college tuition. With the Great Recession of 2007 still in on the minds of the American public, bubble formation and the subsequent burst is a concern for future economic stability. Discussion on the presence of a higher education bubble continues to increase however it has yet to be quantitatively assessed. This paper utilizes a modified price-dividend ratio, tailored for higher education, implemented in the econometric model for bubble detection developed by Phillips, Wu ...


The Effect Of Posture On Classroom Participation, Janine Cerutti Jun 2016

The Effect Of Posture On Classroom Participation, Janine Cerutti

Honors Theses

Past research suggested that students with low self-esteem participate less in class than students with high self-esteem. Separately, prior research investigated the effects of nonverbal behavior on different variables such as confidence and performance. In the current research, we explored the effect of posture on the level of class participation (i.e. the number of times participants raised their hand to participate during a question-answer session). First, participants were asked to take a self-esteem questionnaire before participating in a simulated lecture. Next, participants were randomly assigned to either a slumped or upright posture condition. During the lecture, participants watched a ...


A Bas L'Oppression : L'Emploi Des Films Pour Critiquer Le Systeme Educatif, Stephanie Delorenzo Jun 2016

A Bas L'Oppression : L'Emploi Des Films Pour Critiquer Le Systeme Educatif, Stephanie Delorenzo

Honors Theses

This thesis explores the varying critiques of the French education system as depicted in films. The four films analyzed were: Zéro de conduite (1933), Les quatre cents coups (1959), Entre les murs (2008), and Dans la maison (2012). Two major themes are explored throughout this thesis: the results of the national education system, and the relationship between students and teachers. These themes are explored using both a psychological approach and a technical filmic analysis. In the psychological approach, the psychological maturation of adolescents as it relates to education is explored using theories developed by psychologists such as Olivier Maulini and ...


A Microcosm Of The American Public Education Crisis Surrounding Race And Income, Janey Fine Jun 2016

A Microcosm Of The American Public Education Crisis Surrounding Race And Income, Janey Fine

Honors Theses

This thesis studies the effects that race and socio-economic status have on a student’s academic achievement in the American public education system. It compares the experiences of students from Schenectady, New York, a low-income, minority-populated small city, and neighboring Niskayuna, a predominately white, affluent community, by looking at graduation rates, school budgets and resources, teacher salaries, household income, and rates of poverty. Despite the annual budgets and student expenditures being similar amongst the two districts, the rates of poverty and racial disparities are dramatic. Therefore, this research exposes how there are countless variables outside of the school itself that ...


Japanese Neet And Freeter: A Representation Of The Relationship Between Social Changes And Youth's Employment Pattern, Linh Hoang Jun 2016

Japanese Neet And Freeter: A Representation Of The Relationship Between Social Changes And Youth's Employment Pattern, Linh Hoang

Honors Theses

My paper attempts to analyze the existence of NEET (No Employment, Education or Training – ニート) and Freeter (Freelancing part-time worker - フリーター), two common groups of young unemployed people and irregular workers in Japan. Throughout the study, the relationship between Japanese social changes, modernization process and Japanese NEETs and Freeters is thoroughly examined. The first social change related to the establishment of these two groups is the transformation of employment system. The combination of a seniority-based system and performance-based system as well as their contrasts has increased the competitiveness in the job seeking war while eliminating some of the employees’ former ...


Sugar Consumption Alters Perception Of And Response To Stress In Undergraduate Students: Understanding The "Freshmen Fifteen", Katherine M Keever Jun 2016

Sugar Consumption Alters Perception Of And Response To Stress In Undergraduate Students: Understanding The "Freshmen Fifteen", Katherine M Keever

Honors Theses

Psychological stress is a common part in everyday life that directly affects the body through the nervous system and neuroendocrine hormones. A perceived stressor leads to the activation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, and the synthesis and release of the glucocorticoid hormone cortisol from the adrenal cortex. Studies have linked the release of cortisol during high-stress periods to an increased intake of sugary and fatty foods, consistent with a suspected glucocorticoid-metabolic-brain- negative pathway, with high sugar consumption leading to lower stress and subsequently cortisol levels. In this study, undergraduate students’ diets were supplemented with either a high sugar drink or ...