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Full-Text Articles in Education

Teacher Beliefs About Sustainable Agriculture: A Self-Made Measurement Scale, Mathew Muma, Robert Martin, Mack C. Shelley Ii Oct 2020

Teacher Beliefs About Sustainable Agriculture: A Self-Made Measurement Scale, Mathew Muma, Robert Martin, Mack C. Shelley Ii

Political Science Publications

The study’s purpose was to analyze the validity of the construct of a self-made Alternative-Conventional Agricultural Paradigm scale using the teacher population teaching high school agriculture in the North Central Region of the USA. A random sample of 844 teachers was drawn. Teachers were self-administered questionnaires with 5-point Likert-type scales. Instrument inter-item consistency and item coherence were determined. The relatively high coefficient alpha (.82), mean item total correlation (.40), and unrotated first factors with modest number of items loading on the factor means that the scale has mainly one underlying construct. The teacher population holds consistent views and attitudes ...


Mitigating Gender Bias In Student Evaluations Of Teaching, David A. M. Peterson, Lori A. Biederman, David Andersen, Tessa M. Ditonto, Kevin J. Roe May 2019

Mitigating Gender Bias In Student Evaluations Of Teaching, David A. M. Peterson, Lori A. Biederman, David Andersen, Tessa M. Ditonto, Kevin J. Roe

Political Science Publications

Student evaluations of teaching are widely believed to contain gender bias. In this study, we conduct a randomized experiment with the student evaluations of teaching in four classes with large enrollments, two taught by male instructors and two taught by female instructors. In each of the courses, students were randomly assigned to either receive the standard evaluation instrument or the same instrument with language intended to reduce gender bias. Students in the anti-bias language condition had significantly higher rankings of female instructors than students in the standard treatment. There were no differences between treatment groups for male instructors. These results ...


Utilizing Multivariate Analysis For Assessing Student Learning Through Effective College-Industry Partnerships, Caleb Burns, Shweta Chopra, Mack C. Shelley Ii, Gretchen A. Mosher Jan 2018

Utilizing Multivariate Analysis For Assessing Student Learning Through Effective College-Industry Partnerships, Caleb Burns, Shweta Chopra, Mack C. Shelley Ii, Gretchen A. Mosher

Political Science Publications

There is no doubt that college–industry collaborations are vital to the success of undergraduate students with engineering and technology majors. This collaboration provides students with an opportunity to bridge the gap between classroom education and real-world experience. Inviting industry representatives to engage in the classroom and involving students with professional organizations, student field trips, virtual plant tours, and industry-focused final projects are ways in which an instructor can incorporate student–industry engagement into their course. During their undergraduate degree program, students are required to participate in an internship program where they gain substantial industry engagement and opportunities to learn ...


Engineering Education In Elementary And Secondary Schools, Şenay Purzer, Mack C. Shelley Ii Jan 2018

Engineering Education In Elementary And Secondary Schools, Şenay Purzer, Mack C. Shelley Ii

Political Science Publications

Engineering, with its focus on design and problem-solving, is used in K-12 education to promote learning in STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics). In this special issue, we bring together seven research papers that have examined critical questions in engineering education. These papers collectively examine recent research in K-12 education and address three broad topics: different models for integrating engineering into K-12 curricula, different learning outcomes associated with alternative models of integration and implementation, and ways K-12 students engage in epistemic practices of engineering while learning STEM concepts. Future research needs to address how engineering should be implemented in schools ...


Determining Graduation Rates In Engineering For Community College Transfer Students Using Data Mining, Marcia Laugerman, Diane T. Rover, Mack C. Shelley, Steven K. Mickelson Jan 2015

Determining Graduation Rates In Engineering For Community College Transfer Students Using Data Mining, Marcia Laugerman, Diane T. Rover, Mack C. Shelley, Steven K. Mickelson

Political Science Publications

This study presents a unique synthesized set of data for community college students entering the university with the intention of earning a degree in engineering. Several cohorts of longitudinal data were combined with transcript-level data from both the community college and the university to measure graduation rates in engineering. The emphasis of the study is to determine academic variables that had significant correlations with graduation in engineering, and levels of these academic variables. The article also examines the utility of data mining methods for understanding the academic variables related to achievement in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics. The practical purpose ...


Scaffolding In Introductory Engineering Courses, Peggy C. Boylan-Ashraf, Steven A. Freeman, Mack C. Shelley Jan 2015

Scaffolding In Introductory Engineering Courses, Peggy C. Boylan-Ashraf, Steven A. Freeman, Mack C. Shelley

Political Science Publications

In the past ten years, engineering classrooms have seen an exponential growth in the use of technology, more than during any other previous decade. Unprecedented advancements, such as the advent of innovative gadgets and fundamental instructional alterations in engineering classrooms, have introduced changes in both teaching and learning. Student learning in introductory, fundamental engineering mechanics (IFEM) courses, such as statics of engineering, mechanics of materials, dynamics, and mechanics of fluids, as in any other class, is influenced by the experiences students go through in the classroom. Thus, bold new methodologies that connect science to life using student-centered approaches and scaffolding ...


Investigation Of The Effects Of Nutrition Education On The Lifestyles Of Third-Grade Children And Their Parents, Natalia Frishman, Mack C. Shelley, Doris Montgomery Jan 2013

Investigation Of The Effects Of Nutrition Education On The Lifestyles Of Third-Grade Children And Their Parents, Natalia Frishman, Mack C. Shelley, Doris Montgomery

Political Science Publications

The current study assessed improvement in healthy lifestyles of third-grade children from Iowa schools who participated in nutrition education lessons provided by the Iowa Department of Public Health’s Building and Strengthening Iowa Community Support for Nutrition and Physical Activity (BASICS) program in 2009. The program encourages children to eat more fruits and vegetables as snacks and to be active every day. Autoregressive models and logistic regression analysis results showed that the BASICS program improved awareness of the “Pick a better snack™ & Act” campaign among children and their parents. The program also led to children’s increased preferences toward fruits ...


논의를 강조한 탐구 학습법에 따른 초등학교 통합학생의 과학과 수학 학업성취도 및 비판적 사고력과의 관계 분석, Y. Park, S. Yoon, Brian Hand, William Therrien, Mack C. Shelley Ii Jan 2013

논의를 강조한 탐구 학습법에 따른 초등학교 통합학생의 과학과 수학 학업성취도 및 비판적 사고력과의 관계 분석, Y. Park, S. Yoon, Brian Hand, William Therrien, Mack C. Shelley Ii

Political Science Publications

본 연구의 목적은 논의를 강조한 탐구 학습법이 특별한 교육적 지원이 필요한 초등학교 통합학생들의 과학 및 수학 능력에 미치는 데 있다. 이 연구의 목적을 위해서 미국 중부의 한 주(state)의 48개 일반 초등학교를 탐구적 과학 글쓰기 활동을 실시한 24개의 실험집단 학교와, 이 중재학습을 실시하지 않은 24개의 비교집단 학교로 나누어, 각 학교에서 통합교육 을 받고 있는 학생들을 대상으로 비판적 사고력 검사와 과학 및 수학능력 영향을 알아보고, 학생들의 비판적 사고력과 과학 및 수학 교과 능력 간의 관계를 분석하는 검사를 실시하였다. 두 집단 간에 비판적 사고력의 4개 하위범주인 귀납적 사고력, 연역적 사고력, 관찰적 사고 력, 추정적 사고력 검사결과를 비교하였고, 비판적 사고력과 과학 및 ...


The Engineering Admissions Partnership Program: A Navigation Strategy For Community College Students Seeking A Pathway Into Engineering, Marcia R. Laugerman, Mack C. Shelley, Steven K. Mickelson, Diane T. Rover Jan 2013

The Engineering Admissions Partnership Program: A Navigation Strategy For Community College Students Seeking A Pathway Into Engineering, Marcia R. Laugerman, Mack C. Shelley, Steven K. Mickelson, Diane T. Rover

Political Science Publications

This paper presents the evaluation of a program designed to improve transfer outcomes for community college students pursuing an engineering degree. The program, the Engineering Admissions Partnership Program (E-APP), was designed to improve the navigational success of community college transfer students through connections to the university. These connections include coordinated academic advising, peer-mentoring, campus visits, and online social and professional networks. The objective of the study is to determine the efficacy of the E-APP and its interventions, which will be measured by increased participation rates and increased university retention rates for E-APP participants. Outcome data for the students are analyzed ...


Transfer Of Learning In Mathematics, Science, And Reading Among Students In Turkey: A Study Using 2009 Pisa Data, Mack C. Shelley, Atila Yildirim Jan 2013

Transfer Of Learning In Mathematics, Science, And Reading Among Students In Turkey: A Study Using 2009 Pisa Data, Mack C. Shelley, Atila Yildirim

Political Science Publications

Using Program for International Student Achievement (PISA) 2009 data we study the transfer of knowledge among reading, mathematics, and science among Turkish students. Both Science and Reading are significant predictors of Mathematics scores, although clearly Science is a much stronger predictor; the transfer from Science to Mathematics is much greater than is the transfer from Reading to Mathematics. SCHOOLID is the single strongest predictor of Mathematics outcomes, likely reflecting the importance of socioeconomic and regional or urban/rural differences in the quality of education available to students. Both Mathematics and Reading are significant predictors of Science scores, although Mathematics is ...


Interdisciplinary Undergraduate Learning Modules In Gerontechnology, H.I. Yang, P. Martin, D. Satterfield, Mack C. Shelley, J. Wong, C.K. Chang Jan 2012

Interdisciplinary Undergraduate Learning Modules In Gerontechnology, H.I. Yang, P. Martin, D. Satterfield, Mack C. Shelley, J. Wong, C.K. Chang

Political Science Publications

As the older population grows rapidly worldwide, gerontechnology can play an increasingly crucial role in improving older people’s quality of life in an affordable and sustainable way. However, even with growing interests, gerontechnology has yet to be established as a widely available educational or research program. One root cause is the lack of a well-established curriculum to train new gerontechnologists and to help professionals in relevant fields to develop gerontechnological specialties. This paper summarizes our experience and insights gained from designing, instructing, and evaluating learning modules for gerontechnology in the past 2½ years, and outlines the learning materials and ...


Structural Analysis Of Factors Influencing The Adjustment Behaviors Of Korean Children In The U.S., Sunjin Oh, Mack C. Shelley Jan 2010

Structural Analysis Of Factors Influencing The Adjustment Behaviors Of Korean Children In The U.S., Sunjin Oh, Mack C. Shelley

Political Science Publications

The purpose of this study was to identify factors influencing the adjustment of Korean children who live in the U.S. Specifically, this study examined the following predictor variables: English proficiency, peer relationships, family relationships, and school experiences. Forty seven Korean children who were attending the Korean Lan-guage School and their parents participated in this study. Pearson product moment correlations indicated that there was a statistically significant relationship between the adjustment of Korean children who live in the U.S. and their English proficiency, peer relationships, and school experiences. There was no statistically significant relationship between the adjustment of Korean ...


Academic Success For Stem And Non-Stem Majors, Donald F. Whalen, Mack C. Shelley Jan 2010

Academic Success For Stem And Non-Stem Majors, Donald F. Whalen, Mack C. Shelley

Political Science Publications

Enrollment in STEM majors has improved recently, but there continues to be concern over retention in those majors, especially of women and minority students. The purpose of this study is to develop an integrated understanding of how multiple predictor variables affect student degree attainment and to ascertain how the variables impact is regulated by whether students are in STEM or non-STEM majors. Six-year cohort retention/graduation outcomes are predicted for all students in STEM and non-STEM majors, and are adjusted separately for whether students remain in, or shift into or away from, STEM majors. Long-term retention/graduation is predicted significantly ...


Considering Students' Perceptions: The Distance Education Student Satisfaction Model, Ismail Sahin, Mack C. Shelley Jan 2008

Considering Students' Perceptions: The Distance Education Student Satisfaction Model, Ismail Sahin, Mack C. Shelley

Political Science Publications

In the current study, the Distance Education Student Satisfaction Model, estimated as a structural equation model, is proposed to understand better what predicts student satisfaction from online learning environments. In the present study, the following variables are employed based on the Technology Acceptance Model (TAM) (Davis, Bagozzi, & Warshaw, 1989) and literature: computer knowledge, flexibility of distance education, usefulness of distance education, and distance education satisfaction. Results suggest that as long as students have the skills to use online tools and perceive that distance education is a useful and flexible way of learning, communicating, and sharing, their enjoyment from online instruction ...


The Influence Of Custodial, Maintenance, And Residence Life Services On Student Satisfaction In Residence Halls, Li Lanfen, Elena Maximova, Kevin Saunders, Donald F. Whalen, Mack C. Shelley Jan 2007

The Influence Of Custodial, Maintenance, And Residence Life Services On Student Satisfaction In Residence Halls, Li Lanfen, Elena Maximova, Kevin Saunders, Donald F. Whalen, Mack C. Shelley

Political Science Publications

This study is important because it examines the relationship between students' overall satisfaction with their residence hall living experience and students' satisfaction with various custodial, maintenance, and residence life services. The study, conducted in university residence halls at a Midwestern Carnegie Classification Research extensive university, used a backward step-wise multiple linear regression model with data from a 57-item survey to predict students' satisfaction with their overall residence hall experiences. The strongest predictors were students' comfort and socializing within the living unit. Only one maintenance or custodial item, students' satisfaction with exterior landscape maintenance, v^as a significant predictor of the ...


Web-Based Implementation Of Discrete Mathematics, Tanzy Love, Fritz Keinert, Mack C. Shelley Ii Jan 2006

Web-Based Implementation Of Discrete Mathematics, Tanzy Love, Fritz Keinert, Mack C. Shelley Ii

Political Science Publications

The Department of Mathematics at Iowa State University teaches a freshman-level Discrete Mathematics course with total enrollment of about 1,800 students per year. The traditional format includes large lectures, with about 150 students each, taught by faculty and temporary instructors in two class sessions per week and recitation sections, with about 35 students each, taught once per week by a teaching assistant. In this format, the course experienced the standard academic problems associated with the multi-section large lecture format: over 30% D/F/Withdraw rates; lack of uniformity and inconsistency in course objectives, delivery, and testing; low student morale ...


Four Dimensions Of Student Leadership: What Predicts Students' Attitudes Toward Leadership Developrnent?, John Shertzer, Vernon Wall, Alisa Frandsen, Yan Guo, Donald F. Whalen, Mack C. Shelley Ii Oct 2005

Four Dimensions Of Student Leadership: What Predicts Students' Attitudes Toward Leadership Developrnent?, John Shertzer, Vernon Wall, Alisa Frandsen, Yan Guo, Donald F. Whalen, Mack C. Shelley Ii

Political Science Publications

Multiple regression was performed on four dependent variables derived from the results of a student survey measuring attitudes about student leadership: (a) leadership is important to the student, (b) the student considers himself or herself to be a leader, (c) leadership will be important to the student after college, and (d) leaders need to be able to work in teams or groups. Each of 10 independent variables was a significant predictor of one or more dependent variables.


Contributors To Residence Hall Student Retention: Why Do Students Choose To Leave Or Stay?, Yan Li, Mack C. Shelley, Donald E. Whalen Jan 2005

Contributors To Residence Hall Student Retention: Why Do Students Choose To Leave Or Stay?, Yan Li, Mack C. Shelley, Donald E. Whalen

Political Science Publications

Residence hall occupancy is of concern to housing administrators because higher occupancy leads to financial stability. While many areas are housing more students, some regions such as the Midwest are experiencing enrollment declines primarily due to a decline in high-school graduates and a struggling economy (Meline, 2003). In the Midwest there are daily newspaper reports of declining enrollment, budget cuts, reduction in financial resources, and increased competition for government funding and private support. When occupancy is low, it is especially desirable for housing administrators to learn more about what motivates students in their choice of housing.


The Influence Of Residence Hall Community On Academic Success Of Male And Female Undergraduate Students., Yongyi Wang, Ana Arboleda, Mack C. Shelley, Donald F. Whalen Jan 2004

The Influence Of Residence Hall Community On Academic Success Of Male And Female Undergraduate Students., Yongyi Wang, Ana Arboleda, Mack C. Shelley, Donald F. Whalen

Political Science Publications

Presents information on a study on the influences of gender and residence hall living on academic success of male and female undergraduate students in the U.S. Difference in patterns of involvement and interaction with peers and with the environment in their college community among males and females; Use of factor analysis and regression model in the study; Significance of self-assessment of academic progress in academic success.


Predicting Higher Education Graduation Rates From Institutional Characteristics And Resource Allocation, Florence A. Hamrick, John H. Schuh, Mack C. Shelley Ii Jan 2004

Predicting Higher Education Graduation Rates From Institutional Characteristics And Resource Allocation, Florence A. Hamrick, John H. Schuh, Mack C. Shelley Ii

Political Science Publications

This study incorporated institutional characteristics (e.g., Carnegie type, selectivity) and resource allocations (e.g., instructional expenditures, student affairs expenditures) into a statistical model to predict undergraduate graduation rates. Instructional expenditures, library expenditures, and a number of institutional classification variables were significant predictors of graduation rates. Based on these results, recommendations as well as warranted cautions are included about allocating academic financial resources to optimize graduation rates


Influences On Residence Hall Students' Perceptions Of Student Leadership, John Shertzer, Kevin P. Saunders, J. Lily Z. Mack, Mack C. Shelley, Donald F. Whalen Jan 2003

Influences On Residence Hall Students' Perceptions Of Student Leadership, John Shertzer, Kevin P. Saunders, J. Lily Z. Mack, Mack C. Shelley, Donald F. Whalen

Political Science Publications

Leadership has been a focus of higher education since the inception of colleges and universities (Astin & Astin, 2000). Although leadership has been defined in different ways, it resonates as a principle within many higher education institutions. Although the commitment to leadership development has remained strong, different perspectives on leadership have gained prominence and a plethora of models perceptions, theories, and definitions concerning leadership and leadership development have emerged (Bass, 1 990)


Contributors To Dining Satisfaction Of Residence Hall Students, Brian Hayes, Robert Knight, Yongyi Wang, Donald F. Whalen, Mack C. Shelley Jan 2003

Contributors To Dining Satisfaction Of Residence Hall Students, Brian Hayes, Robert Knight, Yongyi Wang, Donald F. Whalen, Mack C. Shelley

Political Science Publications

Early writings on university housing show a connection between dining services and university residence halls (Riker & Lopez, 1 96 1 ) Regardless of how housing and dining programs are organized within the institution, the two entities are inevitably connected; living and eating go together. A recent annual study (Educational Benchmarking, Inc. (EBI), 2002) comparing four years of data cited satisfaction with dining as being one of the foremost predictors of overall residence satisfaction. This prominent relationship provides incentive for housing administrators to be more aware of students' dining satisfaction. The purpose of this research was to examine contributors to residence hall students' dining satisfaction at a large Midwestern university.


The Impact Of Supplemental Instruction: Results From A Large, Public, Midwestern University, Kari A. Hensen, Mack C. Shelley Ii Jan 2003

The Impact Of Supplemental Instruction: Results From A Large, Public, Midwestern University, Kari A. Hensen, Mack C. Shelley Ii

Political Science Publications

Supplemental Instruction (SI) is an academic support program developed by Deanna Martin, at the University of Missouri at Kansas City in 1973, utilizing peer-assisted study sessions to enhance student performance and retention (Widmar, 1994). The goals of SI include improving students' grades in traditionally difficult courses, reducing the attrition rate in those courses, and helping students develop study strategies to assist them in future courses (Behrman, Dark, & Paul, 1984; Martin, Blanc, & DeBuhr, 1983; Peters, 1990; Prather, 1983; Wolfe, 1987).


Graduate Training, Current Affiliation And Publishing Books In Political Science, Tom W. Rice, James M. Mccormick, Benjamin D. Bergmann Jan 2002

Graduate Training, Current Affiliation And Publishing Books In Political Science, Tom W. Rice, James M. Mccormick, Benjamin D. Bergmann

Political Science Publications

Scores of studies have measured the quality of political science departments. Generally speaking, these studies have taken two forms. Many have relied on scholars' survey responses to construct rankings of the major departments. For example, almost 50 years ago Keniston (1957) interviewed 25 department chairpersons and asked them to assess the quality of various programs, and, much more recently, the National Research Council (NRC 1995) asked 100 political scientists to rate the “scholarly quality of program faculty” in the nation's political science doctoral departments. In response to these opinion-based rankings, a number of researchers have developed what they claim ...


External Factors Affecting Room And Board Rates: How Much Influence Does The Housing Director Have?, John H. Schuh, Mack C. Shelley Jan 2001

External Factors Affecting Room And Board Rates: How Much Influence Does The Housing Director Have?, John H. Schuh, Mack C. Shelley

Political Science Publications

The cost of attending college is an issue that has appeared frequently in contemporary literature (Choy & Premo, 1996; Stringer, Cunningham, Merisotist Wellman, & O'Brien, 1999; The Institute for Higher Education Policy, The Ford Foundation, & The Education Resources Institute, 1999). College costs have increased faster than median family income (Stringer, Cunningham, O'Brien, & Merisotis, 1998), and many students and their parents have underestimated the actual cost of attendance. An important element in determining the total cost of attendance is the amount students pay for room and board if they choose to live on-campus. Many experts recommend an on-campus living experience as a way to enrich a student's education (KUh, Douglas, Lund, & Ramin Gyurnek, 1994; Pascarella & Terenzini, 1991 ; Schuh, 1999).


Graduate Training And Research Productivity In The 1990s: A Look At Who Publishes, James M. Mccormick, Tom W. Rice Jan 2001

Graduate Training And Research Productivity In The 1990s: A Look At Who Publishes, James M. Mccormick, Tom W. Rice

Political Science Publications

The relationship between reputational rankings of political science departments and their scholarly productivity remains a source of discussion and controversy. After the National Research Council (1995) published its ranking of 98 political science departments, Katz and Eagles (1996), Jackman and Siverson (1996), and Lowry and Silver (1996) analyzed the factors that seemingly influenced those rankings. Miller, Tien, and Peebler (1996) offered an alternate approach to ranking departments, based both upon the number of faculty (and their graduates) who published in the American Political Science Review and upon the number of citations that faculty members received. More recently, two studies have ...


Interrelationship Of Place Of Residence And Peer Influence On Drinking Behavior, J. Lily Zheng, Donald F. Whalen, Linda L. Ciccone, Mack C. Shelley Jan 2001

Interrelationship Of Place Of Residence And Peer Influence On Drinking Behavior, J. Lily Zheng, Donald F. Whalen, Linda L. Ciccone, Mack C. Shelley

Political Science Publications

Alcohol abuse on most college campuses continues to be a problem. Alcohol abuse disrupts both the residential and the academic environment, resulting in housing professionals struggling to find ways to lessen the negative impact of alcohol abuse by college students. Educational programs reflect a continuum of approaches, ranging from attempting to teach students to drink responsibly to strictly adhering to the legal drinking age of 21 . However, they all share the common goal of striving to change the alcohol culture among university students, including within student housing. Some institutions, spurred on by the recent research of Pasch, Lindsay, Barnes, Liechty ...


The Challenges To Distance Education In An Academic Social Science Discipline: The Case Of Political Science, Steffen W. Schmidt, Mack C. Shelley Ii, Monty Van Wart, Jane Clayton, Erin Schreck Jun 2000

The Challenges To Distance Education In An Academic Social Science Discipline: The Case Of Political Science, Steffen W. Schmidt, Mack C. Shelley Ii, Monty Van Wart, Jane Clayton, Erin Schreck

Political Science Publications

This article reports the results from a national survey directed to the department chairs of political science to assess the current and future state of distance learning in that discipline. The insights of this research are relevant to all social science fields and offer important insights to other academic disciplines as well. Key findings of the study include the low utilization of distance learning courses, a low degree of importance currently attributed to distance learning and modest expectations of future growth, ambivalent acceptance of a future role for distance learning, the common use of Internet-related technologies, low levels of faculty ...


Graduate Training And Productivity: A Look At Who Publishes, James M. Mccormick, E. Lee Bernick Jan 1982

Graduate Training And Productivity: A Look At Who Publishes, James M. Mccormick, E. Lee Bernick

Political Science Publications

In two recent studies, Morgan and Fitzgerald and Robey ranked American political science departments on the basis of their faculty's research productivity in the major political science journals. The rankings which they produced were at some variance with the reputational rankings reported by Somit and Tanenhaus, Cartter, and, more recently, Ladd and Lipset. In particular, Robey reports that “… some southern universities seem to have made great strides in the last ten years while some Ivy League schools do not seem to be producing at a rate equivalent with their reputations.” Morgan and Fitzgerald reach a similar conclusion about the ...