Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Education Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Iowa State University

Series

Sociology

Keyword
Publication Year
Publication

Articles 1 - 30 of 75

Full-Text Articles in Education

Broadening The Impact Of Plant Science Through Innovative, Integrative, And Inclusive Outreach, Joanna Friesner, Gustavo C. Macintosh, Et Al. Apr 2021

Broadening The Impact Of Plant Science Through Innovative, Integrative, And Inclusive Outreach, Joanna Friesner, Gustavo C. Macintosh, Et Al.

Biochemistry, Biophysics and Molecular Biology Publications

Population growth and climate change will impact food security and potentially exacerbate the environmental toll that agriculture has taken on our planet. These existential concerns demand that a passionate, interdisciplinary, and diverse community of plant science professionals is trained during the 21st century. Furthermore, societal trends that question the importance of science and expert knowledge highlight the need to better communicate the value of rigorous fundamental scientific exploration. Engaging students and the general public in the wonder of plants, and science in general, requires renewed efforts that take advantage of advances in technology and new models of funding and knowledge ...


Problem On The Plains: College Earnings Premiums In Small Metropolitan Areas, John V. Winters Dec 2020

Problem On The Plains: College Earnings Premiums In Small Metropolitan Areas, John V. Winters

Economics Working Papers

I use the American Community Survey to examine how college earnings premiums differ across small metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs) in the U.S. I document that the West North Central Division (Plains Region) has especially low average college earnings premiums. Controlling for observable MSA characteristics via regression explains some of the difference between the Plains and other regions, but large and important differences remain. The low return to education for small MSAs in the Plains suggests that they will face special challenges building and retaining human capital in the near future. These areas may especially struggle to attract college-educated in-migrants.


Creating Opportunities Through An Experiential, Community-Based Cooperative Extension Internship Program, Debra M. Sellers, Cheryl Heronemus, Cindy Gannon, Peggy A. Lockhart Dec 2020

Creating Opportunities Through An Experiential, Community-Based Cooperative Extension Internship Program, Debra M. Sellers, Cheryl Heronemus, Cindy Gannon, Peggy A. Lockhart

Iowa State University Articles and Manuscripts

Extension is positioned to develop and implement high-quality, high-impact internship experiences for college students in local communities. The creation of the Rising Star Internship program arose from interest in providing experiential work opportunities for Iowa State University students coupled with the organizational goals of promoting awareness of Cooperative Extension and increasing interest in employability within Extension. The program provides a paid county-level summer internship with several unique elements. Evidence collected from student participants suggests that it is a mutually beneficial endeavor for Extension, students, and communities. Extension systems may desire to replicate these efforts if they share similar ambitions.


Teacher Beliefs About Sustainable Agriculture: A Self-Made Measurement Scale, Mathew Muma, Robert Martin, Mack C. Shelley Ii Oct 2020

Teacher Beliefs About Sustainable Agriculture: A Self-Made Measurement Scale, Mathew Muma, Robert Martin, Mack C. Shelley Ii

Political Science Publications

The study’s purpose was to analyze the validity of the construct of a self-made Alternative-Conventional Agricultural Paradigm scale using the teacher population teaching high school agriculture in the North Central Region of the USA. A random sample of 844 teachers was drawn. Teachers were self-administered questionnaires with 5-point Likert-type scales. Instrument inter-item consistency and item coherence were determined. The relatively high coefficient alpha (.82), mean item total correlation (.40), and unrotated first factors with modest number of items loading on the factor means that the scale has mainly one underlying construct. The teacher population holds consistent views and attitudes ...


Extension Demonstration: Grameen Microfinance Methods And Capital Access For Low-Income Female Entrepreneurs, Mark A. Edelman Jul 2020

Extension Demonstration: Grameen Microfinance Methods And Capital Access For Low-Income Female Entrepreneurs, Mark A. Edelman

Economics Working Papers

A nonprofit community development financial institution and Extension collaborated to conduct a demonstration project to evaluate efficacy of Grameen peer-group microfinance methodology in addressing barriers faced by lowincome women entrepreneurs in a small metro area. Program performance metrics achieved by 284 low-income, culturally diverse, primarily women entrepreneurs over five years included: a loan repayment rate of 99+ percent, increased average client income, savings accumulation at a local bank, and increased opportunities to improve average credit scores. Client surveys indicated peer-group methods, program structure, incentives for individual behaviors and group responsibilities provided opportunity to develop confidence, leadership skills, and teamwork.


Strips Collaborator Survey: 2019 Results, J. Gordon Arbuckle Jr. Mar 2020

Strips Collaborator Survey: 2019 Results, J. Gordon Arbuckle Jr.

Sociology Technical Reports

The STRIPS (Science-based Trials of Rowcrops Integrated with Prairie Strips) project has developed collaborative partnerships with more than 35 farmers and landowners who have integrated prairie strips into their farm landscapes. One of the STRIPS project’s guiding principles is to “create and maintain feedback loops for information sharing among team members, farmer/farm landowner adopters, and other stakeholders.” A major goal of these feedback loops is to learn from collaborators who have adopted prairie strips so project staff can help current (and future) collaborators to successfully establish and manage prairie strips.


Conversations With Non-Choir Farmers: Implications For Conservation Adoption. Report For The Walton Family Foundation, Pranay Ranjan, Sarah P. Church, J. G. Arbuckle, Benjamin M. Gramig, Carson J. Reeling, Linda S. Prokopy Mar 2020

Conversations With Non-Choir Farmers: Implications For Conservation Adoption. Report For The Walton Family Foundation, Pranay Ranjan, Sarah P. Church, J. G. Arbuckle, Benjamin M. Gramig, Carson J. Reeling, Linda S. Prokopy

Sociology Technical Reports

The following report documents the results and implications for the study, “Conversations with non-choir farmers: Implications for conservation adoption”. We conducted 10 in-person focus groups with farmers (IN=5; IA=3; IL=2) and three online focus groups with non-operating landowners (NOLs) who own land in Indiana, Illinois, and Iowa. This research sought to answer the following research questions:

1) What are viable strategies beyond what WFF is currently investing in to promote agricultural practices that that reduce nutrient runoff?

2) How and under what conditions can policies help to change farmer and landowner behavior? What are potential barriers, particularly ...


Revealing And Receiving Sexual Health Information, Tina A. Coffelt, Raeann Ritland, Leah Lefebvre Sep 2019

Revealing And Receiving Sexual Health Information, Tina A. Coffelt, Raeann Ritland, Leah Lefebvre

English Publications

This investigation applies communication privacy management theory (Petronio, 2002) to examine sexual health disclosures from the perspectives of disclosers and confidants. A Qualtrics survey distributed through Amazon Mechanical Turk yielded 161 participants who disclosed sexual health information to a partner and 130 who received a disclosure. Accounts of the conversations were analyzed with content analysis to describe the linkage rules of the disclosures. Motivation to reveal or conceal, risks and benefits, and gender hypotheses and research questions were ascertained using descriptive statistics and tests of difference. Linkage rules for the majority of participants indicate that disclosures are made in a ...


Self-Determination Through Circus Arts: Exploring Youth Development In A Novel Activity Context, Jennifer P. Agans, Jacqueline L. Davis, Spyridoula Vazou, Tal Jarus Sep 2019

Self-Determination Through Circus Arts: Exploring Youth Development In A Novel Activity Context, Jennifer P. Agans, Jacqueline L. Davis, Spyridoula Vazou, Tal Jarus

Kinesiology Publications

Youth development takes place in many contexts, with different resulting participant outcomes. Broadening the scope of research to include non-traditional contexts such as youth circus arts programs, which are both similar to and different from other out-of-school-time contexts, may promote better understanding of the ways in which these programs impact youth development. The present study examined the prevalence of support for basic psychological needs and positive developmental outcomes among youth circus program participants. Single time-point quantitative surveys were completed by 111 youth members of the American Youth Circus Organization (62% female), ranging in age from 10 to 21. Results indicated ...


Reading Race: Using Book Discussions To Start Dialogues On White Fragility And Other Racisms, Susan A. Vega García, Harrison W. Inefuku Aug 2019

Reading Race: Using Book Discussions To Start Dialogues On White Fragility And Other Racisms, Susan A. Vega García, Harrison W. Inefuku

Collections and Technical Services Conference Proceedings, Presentations and Posters

No abstract provided.


Positive Affective And Behavioral Gains Of First-Year Students In Course-Based Research Across Disciplines, Elizabeth Sandquist, Cinzia Cervato, Craig Ogilvie Jul 2019

Positive Affective And Behavioral Gains Of First-Year Students In Course-Based Research Across Disciplines, Elizabeth Sandquist, Cinzia Cervato, Craig Ogilvie

Geological and Atmospheric Sciences Publications

The Freshmen Research Initiative at Iowa State University promotes student interest and retention in science through introductory course-based undergraduate research experiences (CUREs). Successful strategies for the implementation of CUREs on a large scale in an affordable manner included the use of a postdoctoral coordinator and affiliation with student learning communities. Across multiple disciplines, students in single-semester introductory research courses reported personal gains related to research, to thinking and working like scientists, to attitudes and behaviors of a scientist, and to gains in skills as reported on the Undergraduate Research Student Self-Assessment. Key outcomes related to persistence in STEM, including self-efficacy ...


Strips Cooperator Survey: 2018 Results, J. Gordon Arbuckle May 2019

Strips Cooperator Survey: 2018 Results, J. Gordon Arbuckle

Sociology Technical Reports

The STRIPS (Science-based Trials of Rowcrops Integrated with Prairie Strips) project has developed collaborative partnerships with more than 35 farmers and landowners who have integrated prairie strips into their farm landscapes. One of the STRIPS project’s guiding principles is to “create and maintain feedback loops for information sharing among team members, farmer/farm landowner adopters, and other stakeholders.” A major goal of these feedback loops is to learn from cooperators who have adopted prairie strips so project staff can help current (and future) cooperators to successfully establish and manage prairie strips.


Are College Tuition Increases Linked To Student Financial Stress?, Sara K. Ray, Rebecca Ray, Clinton G. Gudmunson, Megan Gilligan, Suzanne Bartholomae Jan 2019

Are College Tuition Increases Linked To Student Financial Stress?, Sara K. Ray, Rebecca Ray, Clinton G. Gudmunson, Megan Gilligan, Suzanne Bartholomae

Human Development and Family Studies Presentations, Posters and Proceedings

Discussion about the price of attending college occurs within and outside the university setting. Tuition increases are an important topic in political debates and on the floors of state legislatures; however, little is known empirically about the impact of tuition increases on college students’ well-being. This study examines the impact of college tuition increases on enrolled college students’ financial stress.


Training The Next Generation Of Extension Economists, Mykel Taylor, Wendong Zhang Jan 2019

Training The Next Generation Of Extension Economists, Mykel Taylor, Wendong Zhang

Economics Publications

Since its inception in the Smith–Lever Act of 1914, Extension has been a hallmark of the tripartite mission of U.S. land grant universities. In fact, arguably, Extension is a globally unique feature of the U.S. public universities that provide practical higher education opportunities to the public (Rasmussen, 1989; Gould, Steele, and Woodrum, 2014). Through the Cooperative Extension System, a unique partnership among federal, state, and county governments allows “useful and practical” researched-based knowledge to be disseminated beyond the campuses of various land grant universities to farmers, ranchers, and consumers. However, this century-old cooperative system is at a ...


Why Do They Leave And Where Do They Go? A Qualitative Study Of Illinois School-Based Agriculture Teachers Who Left The Profession, Jay K. Solomonson, Erica B. Thieman, Debra S. Korte, Michael S. Retallick Jan 2019

Why Do They Leave And Where Do They Go? A Qualitative Study Of Illinois School-Based Agriculture Teachers Who Left The Profession, Jay K. Solomonson, Erica B. Thieman, Debra S. Korte, Michael S. Retallick

Agricultural Education and Studies Publications

Approximately half of a million educators move or leave the profession each year with an estimated 41% of all educators exiting within the first five years. Additionally, agriculture teacher preparation programs are not producing enough graduates to meet current demands with 1,476 agricultural teacher vacancies existing in 2016 and only 772 individuals completing an approved teacher preparation program to become fully licensed. While the lack of young people entering the teaching profession is concerning, researchers have suggested teacher attrition is the predominant reason behind the ongoing teacher shortage. The purpose of this qualitative study was to identify factors influencing ...


Barriers And Motivators For Tractors Rops Retrofitting In Iowa, Charles V. Schwab, J. Gordon Arbuckle, H. Mark Hanna Jan 2019

Barriers And Motivators For Tractors Rops Retrofitting In Iowa, Charles V. Schwab, J. Gordon Arbuckle, H. Mark Hanna

Sociology Publications

Iowa State University Extension and Outreach conducted an assessment of Iowa farm operators‘ perceptions of the barriers and motivators when considering retrofitting tractors with rollover protective structures (ROPS). A statewide sample of approximately 2,000 farm operators was surveyed in the 2017 Iowa Farm and Rural Life Poll. A series of questions was asked to evaluate the importance of potential barriers to decisions to not retrofit a tractor and potential motivators that could influence the decision to retrofit or purchase a tractor with ROPS. The survey received a 48% response rate (999 responses). Among the 76% of Iowa farm operators ...


Promoting Transformative Learning: Extension Partnerships Focused On An Ethic Of Caring, Nancy K. Franz, Jerri Baumeister, Leslie Van Dyke, Barbara Wollan Dec 2018

Promoting Transformative Learning: Extension Partnerships Focused On An Ethic Of Caring, Nancy K. Franz, Jerri Baumeister, Leslie Van Dyke, Barbara Wollan

Education Publications

Extension is known for creating educational environments conducive to the transformative learning required for people to change their perspectives and make better decisions in their lives. However, creating such environments is not easy. The complex Extension context often produces barriers to including program components that support transformative learning. Extension partnerships with nonprofits, government units, and businesses can reduce these barriers and enhance the potential for transformative learning by fostering caring program environments. A partnership between Extension and United Way exemplifies one model for developing programs focused on creating caring educational environments that encourage and sustain transformative learning.


Design And Perception Of An Approach To Improving Chinese As A Foreign Language Learners’ Self-Regulated Learning Strategies, Shenglan Zhang Nov 2018

Design And Perception Of An Approach To Improving Chinese As A Foreign Language Learners’ Self-Regulated Learning Strategies, Shenglan Zhang

World Languages and Cultures Conference Papers, Posters and Proceedings

Self-regulated learning (SRL) is a social-cognitive construct in the realm of self-regulation that describes the ways in which individuals actively and constructively regulate their own congitive processes in an educational setting. SRL conceptualizes effective learning as a process of cognitive and motivational evaluation where a learner completes academic tasks (Heikkilä & Lonka, 2006; Pintrich, 2000; Zimmerman, 1990; 2008). Different models of SRL developed over the years (Boekaerts & Niemivirta, 2000; Borkowski, 1996; Pintrich, 2000; Winne & Hadwin, 1998; Zimmerman, 2000), but all models assume at least three phases: a preparatory or forethought phase, an actual performance or task completion phase, and an evaluation and adaptation phase. In the preparatory ...


Mujeres Supporting: How Female Family Members Influence The Educational Success Of Latino Males In Postsecondary Education, Victor B. Saenz, Claudia Garcia-Louis, Carmen De Las Mercedez, Sarah L. Rodriguez Jul 2018

Mujeres Supporting: How Female Family Members Influence The Educational Success Of Latino Males In Postsecondary Education, Victor B. Saenz, Claudia Garcia-Louis, Carmen De Las Mercedez, Sarah L. Rodriguez

Education Publications

The purpose of this multi-institutional qualitative study was to understand the educational pathways of Latino males by underscoring the unique role female family members play in their academic pursuits—through the voice of these young men. Findings demonstrate female family members were identified as being primary supporters of their educational pursuits, and actively leveraged different sources of cultural capital to help Latino males enroll and persist through postsecondary education. This study reinforces extant literature on the importance of family in the educational pathways of Latina/o students. Furthermore, it makes a unique contribution by highlighting the important role female family ...


The Landscape Of Rural Service Learning, And What It Teaches Us All, Nancy K. Franz Jan 2018

The Landscape Of Rural Service Learning, And What It Teaches Us All, Nancy K. Franz

Education Publications

Community-engaged scholars know that understanding the community context is critical for successful communitybased learning that results in community development. As a rural-focused and mostly rural-based educator, I’ve been surprised at the lack of attention over the decades by university– community engagement scholars to the characteristics, opportunities, challenges, and impacts of rural service-learning. The Rural Alliance for Service Learning has attempted to address this gap in the literature by publishing this 19-chapter anthology of interesting experiences, research, and insights about service-learning in rural America with a predominant focus on the upper Midwest.


“We’Re Not Dating. We’Re Just ‘Talking’.” Expectations Associated With Male–Female Relationship Labels, Mark V. Redmond Jan 2018

“We’Re Not Dating. We’Re Just ‘Talking’.” Expectations Associated With Male–Female Relationship Labels, Mark V. Redmond

English Technical Reports and White Papers

College students responded to a survey of their expectations for communication behaviors, qualities, activities, and personal disclosures they associate with male-female relationships labeled friends, hanging-out, talking, casual dating, dating, boyfriend/girlfriend, and romantic relationship. The results show specific relationship differences and suggest three relational categories: nonromantic (friend), preromantic (talking, hanging-out, and casual dating), and romantic (dating, boyfriend/girlfriend, and romantic relationship). Of the 23 activities evaluated, 17 significantly differed among the relationships. Although this study finds specific differences between relationship labels and categories, it also found a core set of expectations that exists across all relationships that might be regarded ...


Establishing A Common Language: The Meaning Of Researchbased And Evidence-Based Programming (In The Human Sciences), Debra M. Sellers, Lisa M. Schainker, Peggy A. Lockhart, Hsiu-Chen Yeh Dec 2017

Establishing A Common Language: The Meaning Of Researchbased And Evidence-Based Programming (In The Human Sciences), Debra M. Sellers, Lisa M. Schainker, Peggy A. Lockhart, Hsiu-Chen Yeh

Iowa State University Articles and Manuscripts

This article describes the development, implementation, and exploratory evaluation of a professional development series that addressed educators' knowledge and use of the terms research-based and evidence-based within Human Sciences Extension and Outreach at one university. Respondents to a follow-up survey were more likely to select correctly the commonly accepted standard for each term, and they reported asking more questions, talking with others, examining programs' evidence bases, and placing more value on fidelity and evaluation following participation in the professional development series. Educator reactions to the series were generally positive, although researchers interested in designing like programs might consider engaging educators ...


Moral Education For Sustainable Development: Exploring Morally Challenging Business Situations Within The Global Supply Chain Context, Jung Ha-Brookshire, Laura Mcandrews, Jooyoun Kim, Charles Freeman Jr, Byoungho Jin, Pamela Norum, Melody L.A. Lehew, Elena E. Karpova, Lesya M. Hassall, Sara Marcketti Sep 2017

Moral Education For Sustainable Development: Exploring Morally Challenging Business Situations Within The Global Supply Chain Context, Jung Ha-Brookshire, Laura Mcandrews, Jooyoun Kim, Charles Freeman Jr, Byoungho Jin, Pamela Norum, Melody L.A. Lehew, Elena E. Karpova, Lesya M. Hassall, Sara Marcketti

Apparel, Events and Hospitality Management Publications

This study presents the need for moral development education of current and future professionals so they can help build sustainable companies and global supply chains. Grounded in Ha-Brookshire’s moral responsibility theory of corporate sustainability, the authors explored a set of real-life business situations where business professionals experienced morally challenging dilemmas. The study was conducted within the context of the textile and apparel (TA) industry because of the global and fragmented supply chain nature of the industry. The real-life business situations were interpreted using Kohlberg’s moral development stage theory. The results of in-depth individual interviews followed by three focus ...


Auditing Inequity: Teaching Aspiring Administrators To Be Social Justice Leaders, Frank Hernandez, Joanne M. Marshall Feb 2017

Auditing Inequity: Teaching Aspiring Administrators To Be Social Justice Leaders, Frank Hernandez, Joanne M. Marshall

Education Publications

While much has been written about preparing educational leaders to lead for social justice, much less has been written about how to do so. This study is one of the first to analyze the reflections and written assignments of aspiring administrators to determine what they are currently thinking about poverty, race and ethnicity, and social justice leadership and how that thinking is shaped throughout one course. Results indicate that students were variable in their individual reflections, but that assignments which required them to analyze the inequities in their schools and develop an implementation plan led all of these aspiring administrators ...


Strategic Planning From The Bottom Up: Visioning A Future While Building Morale And Investing In The Culture Of Success, Jonathan Sturm Jan 2017

Strategic Planning From The Bottom Up: Visioning A Future While Building Morale And Investing In The Culture Of Success, Jonathan Sturm

Music Publications

The words “Strategic Plan” bring to mind, almost immediately, a process by which the leadership of a business, university, or other establishment organizes its thoughts and actions for its future, and plans how it will allocate its resources to achieve the goals and strategies upon which it decides. Often the process of planning is indeed best carried out by leadership, who has the greatest likelihood to understand the business and its component parts as a functioning whole from the 30,000-foot viewpoint.


Definitions Matter: Investigating And Comparing Different Operationalizations Of Academic Undermatching, Ann M. Gansemer-Topf, Jillian Downey, Ulrike Genschel Jan 2017

Definitions Matter: Investigating And Comparing Different Operationalizations Of Academic Undermatching, Ann M. Gansemer-Topf, Jillian Downey, Ulrike Genschel

Education Publications

Effective assessment practice requires clearly defining and operationalizing terminology. We illustrate the importance of this practice by focusing on academic “undermatching”—when students enroll in colleges that are less academically selective than those for which they are academically prepared. Undermatching has been viewed as a potential obstacle in the United States’ goal of increasing degree attainment but operationalizing undermatching is difficult. Using ELS: 2002, a national dataset from the U.S. Department of Education National Center for Education Statistics (NCES, 2014), we developed eight operationalizations of undermatching by altering three commonly used variables. We then compared the number and demographics ...


Identifying The Camouflage: Uncovering And Supporting The Transition Experiences Of Military And Veteran Students, Denise N. Williams-Klotz, Ann M. Gansemer-Topf Jan 2017

Identifying The Camouflage: Uncovering And Supporting The Transition Experiences Of Military And Veteran Students, Denise N. Williams-Klotz, Ann M. Gansemer-Topf

Education Publications

This study summarizes the qualitative findings from a multi-institutional study about the college transition experiences of military and veteran students, specifically students’ articulation of their needs. Findings reveal (a) a lack of in-processing, (b) need for community, and (c) institutional invisibility. Using the Student Veteran Transition Model developed by Livingston, Havice, Cawthon, and Flemming (2011) as a guide, four recommendations for institutional practice are provided.


College Student Debt And Anticipated Repayment Difficulty, Jonathan J. Fox, Suzanne Bartholomae, Jodi C. Letkiewicz, Catherine P. Montalto Jan 2017

College Student Debt And Anticipated Repayment Difficulty, Jonathan J. Fox, Suzanne Bartholomae, Jodi C. Letkiewicz, Catherine P. Montalto

Human Development and Family Studies Publications

This study analyzes factors associated with anticipated difficulty with repayment of debt accumulated during college using a basic model of credit risk that includes socialization processes influencing college student financial decisions. The empirical analysis uses data from the 2010 Ohio Student Financial Wellness Study. Results provide evidence of male overconfidence in financial decision making, as males are less likely than females to predict repayment difficulties. Socialization process variables, including financial management practices, financial parenting communication, and expected economic returns from education, are strongly associated with anticipated debt repayment difficulty. Inclusion of these process variables in the model results in loss ...


Development Of Transformational Strategies Of Smallholders Based On Indigenous Knowledge, Mark E. Westgate, Lorna Michael Butler, Robert E. Mazur, Andrew W. Lenssen Jan 2016

Development Of Transformational Strategies Of Smallholders Based On Indigenous Knowledge, Mark E. Westgate, Lorna Michael Butler, Robert E. Mazur, Andrew W. Lenssen

Agronomy Conference Proceedings and Presentations

This presentation will outline a few of the key lessons learned during the first 12 years of extension programs implemented by the Center for Sustainable Rural Livelihoods (now the Iowa State University – Uganda Program, a Ugandan NGO). These lessons and recommendations are described in greater detail in “Tapping Philanthropy for Development”, L.M Butler and D. E McMillan (eds), Kumarian Press 2015.

Adhere to the Sustainable Livelihoods Approach.The CSRL initiative was developed to identify ways to improve the livelihoods of small landholder famers in rural communities of a developing country. Uganda was chosen because the vast majority of the ...


Positive Youth Development Life Skills Gained At The Iowa 4-H Youth Conference, Brenda S. Allen, Brenda J. Lohman Jan 2016

Positive Youth Development Life Skills Gained At The Iowa 4-H Youth Conference, Brenda S. Allen, Brenda J. Lohman

Human Development and Family Studies Publications

Research suggests 4-H programs build Life Skills such as leadership, communication, citizenship and learning. However, 4-H programs vary from long-term on-going experiences to shorter, more intense opportunities. This paper discusses a program evaluation articulating the life skill development of participants in a 3-day residential State 4-H Conference on a Midwestern college campus. The Life Skills assessed were in the areas of leadership, citizenship, communication, and learning as part of overall Life Skill development. Participants were youth ages 14-18 years. A retrospective pretest-posttest was used to evaluate skill development and understanding. Analysis, including paired sample t-tests, indicated growth in each of ...