Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Education Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Boise State University

Discipline
Keyword
Publication Year
Publication
Publication Type
File Type

Articles 1 - 30 of 825

Full-Text Articles in Education

Examining Physical Education Teaching Practices During The Covid-19 Pandemic, Ken Murfay, Aaron Beighle, Heather E. Erwin, Erin Aiello, Sarah Pyszczynski Oct 2022

Examining Physical Education Teaching Practices During The Covid-19 Pandemic, Ken Murfay, Aaron Beighle, Heather E. Erwin, Erin Aiello, Sarah Pyszczynski

International Journal of Physical Activity and Health

Purpose/Method: This qualitative case study examined through an interpretive worldview how current high school (HS) physical education (PE) teachers (n=14) implemented online experiences that could have influenced students’ interpretations of their vicarious experiences during the Covid-19 pandemic (spring/fall of 2020). The study sought to better understand teachers’ perceptions of how social modeling of PA was implemented online, how online PA experiences impacted opportunities for social comparison among the students, and what teachers’ opinions of these practices were in relation to supporting students’ PA self-efficacy. Results: The results found that the study participants differed in their opinions on the most effective …


Associations Of 24-Hour Movement Behaviors, Parental Academic Support, And Academic Achievement In Alaskan Adolescents, You Fu, Ryan D. Burns, Nora Constantino, Xavier Lopez, Samantha Dyer Sep 2022

Associations Of 24-Hour Movement Behaviors, Parental Academic Support, And Academic Achievement In Alaskan Adolescents, You Fu, Ryan D. Burns, Nora Constantino, Xavier Lopez, Samantha Dyer

International Journal of Physical Activity and Health

The purpose of this study was to examine the associations between meeting recommendations for 24-hour movement behaviors, parental academic support, and student academic achievement in a sample of Alaskan adolescents. Data were obtained from the 2019 Alaska Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS; N = 1,897; mean age = 15.8 ± 1.3 years old). The associations between meeting recommendations for the 24-hour movement behaviors of physical activity, screen use, and sleep with high academic achievement (mostly A’s and B’s) were examined using weighted multivariable logistic regressions. Subpopulation analyses determined if associations differed by levels of parental academic support. Approximately 18.8% of …


Comparative Analysis Of The Physical Education And Health Curriculum Standards Between China And United States From The Perspective Of Key Competencies, Guyue Zhang, Zhihua Yin Aug 2022

Comparative Analysis Of The Physical Education And Health Curriculum Standards Between China And United States From The Perspective Of Key Competencies, Guyue Zhang, Zhihua Yin

International Journal of Physical Activity and Health

With the increasing world multipolarization, economic globalization, cultural diversity and social informatization, all countries in the world have adopted key competencies as an important part of education research. As a programmatic document of physical education in the new century, physical education and health curriculum standards play an important role in the demonstration and promotion of quality education. The purpose of this study was to compare the Chinese and United States (US) high school physical education and health curriculum standards from the perspective of key competencies. Using literature review, this study compared the high school physical education and health curriculum standards …


Research Progress And Future Prospect Of Dance Movement Therapy In China Based On A Citespace Visual Analysis, Haohui Liu, Zhihua Yin, Xue Wan Aug 2022

Research Progress And Future Prospect Of Dance Movement Therapy In China Based On A Citespace Visual Analysis, Haohui Liu, Zhihua Yin, Xue Wan

International Journal of Physical Activity and Health

The purpose of this study was to (1) explore the research progress of dance movement therapy in China and (2) reveal future development trend of dance movement therapy. With the methods of literature review, logical induction and scientific knowledge mapping, the research results of dance movement therapy in China were analyzed visually. The co-occurrence chart of key words and timeline analysis chart of key words of dance movement therapy in China were created based on the data. The co-occurrence chart of key words showed that the research hotspots centered on "dance therapy", "psychotherapy", "Parkinson's disease", "autism", "special children", "teenagers", "college …


The Development And Practice Of Integrating Knowledge From Other Subject Matters Into Physical Education, Nengyan Wang Aug 2022

The Development And Practice Of Integrating Knowledge From Other Subject Matters Into Physical Education, Nengyan Wang

International Journal of Physical Activity and Health

To promote the curriculum integration of Physical Education (PE) with other school subject matters (such as Chinese, Math, English, etc.), this paper explored the effects of the curriculum integration on the teachers' and students' development of core literacy. Teachers and students from the two campuses of Sanjiaohu education groups participated in this study. Teachers and students from one campus served as the experimental group, and the other served as the control group. The integrated curriculum include the integrated curriculum of “martial art · art”, which derived from the integration among three levels of “martial art”, the related period music subject …


The Influence Of Tai Chi Intervention On Inhibitory Function Of African College Students, Tongtong Guo, Jian Yang Aug 2022

The Influence Of Tai Chi Intervention On Inhibitory Function Of African College Students, Tongtong Guo, Jian Yang

International Journal of Physical Activity and Health

Inhibitory function is the core sub-function of executive function, which is mainly aimed at inhibiting the current dominant response in the cognitive process. It is embodied in the control of preventing the activation of irrelevant information, disturbing the irrelevant information, and the dominant reaction in the process. However, little research has examined the impact of Tai Chi on inhibitory function among native African students. The major purpose of this study was to conduct an experimental study on the inhibitory function of African college students through Tai Chi intervention, and to explore the non-Tai Chi local country students’ changes in the …


Examining Body Shape Characteristics On Chinese Urban College Male Students, Shun Shan, Ran Wei, Xiaofen Ding Aug 2022

Examining Body Shape Characteristics On Chinese Urban College Male Students, Shun Shan, Ran Wei, Xiaofen Ding

International Journal of Physical Activity and Health

According to the Chinese National Adolescent Health report, the status of adolescent physical health has been decreasing for 26 years. The associated factors which caused such decline was studied and pointed out by Gao (2018). As many scholars claimed, “Sunshine sports” should be implemented to promote the adolescent physical health development (Yang, 2011). Previous study indicated that the age of 18 has been a transition point to study on adolescent physical health. However, there has been few studies conducted on the differences of Body Shape Characteristics (BSC) among different regions. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to examine the …


Research On The Influence Of Sports Culture On Community Harmonious Relationship In Urban Community Fitness Activities, Gaoyuan Cui Aug 2022

Research On The Influence Of Sports Culture On Community Harmonious Relationship In Urban Community Fitness Activities, Gaoyuan Cui

International Journal of Physical Activity and Health

Fitness promotion has been recognized as a part of Chinese national strategic plan. Community sports fitness activities play an important role in the urban community sports of the country. However, homogeneity of participants, monotonous ways of participation, poor exercise effects, and lack of organization and guidance still hinder the publicization of urban community sports. At the same time, the effect of sports activities in urban communities to promote the harmonious construction and effective governance of urban communities has not been fully explored. Therefore, warranted is a study on the influence of sports culture on community harmonious relationship in urban community …


Experimental Study On The Influence Of Kdl Physical And Health Education Curriculum On Primary School Students' Physical Fitness, Fan Wenrui, Wang Xiaozan, Guo Mingming Aug 2022

Experimental Study On The Influence Of Kdl Physical And Health Education Curriculum On Primary School Students' Physical Fitness, Fan Wenrui, Wang Xiaozan, Guo Mingming

International Journal of Physical Activity and Health

Physical and Health Education Curriculum (KDL) is a curriculum based on China's Sports and Health Curriculum Standards and China's Health Sports Curriculum Model. This study aims to explore the influence of KDL on primary school students' physical fitness. A total of 91 primary school students participated in this study, including 47 in the experimental group and 44 in the control group. The experiment lasted for 18 weeks. During the experiment, the PE teacher of experimental group used KDL to teach, with specific requirements: (1) The activity time of each class was more than 75%, and the intensity, measured with average …


An Empirical Study On The Improvement Of Attention By Exercise Game Intervention In Children With Adhd, Xinyue Mao, Xiaozan Wang, Meiyuan Chen Aug 2022

An Empirical Study On The Improvement Of Attention By Exercise Game Intervention In Children With Adhd, Xinyue Mao, Xiaozan Wang, Meiyuan Chen

International Journal of Physical Activity and Health

This study aims to verify the attention improvement of ADHD children after sports game intervention, and provide a green and safe intervention path to help ADHD children improve their attention. 16 children with ADHD (experimental group: 10, control group: 5) were selected to carry out exercise game intervention for 24 weeks, 4 times a week, each intervention lasted about 60 minutes. D2 attention test was carried out twice in the experimental group and the control group respectively to observe the attention of children, and the results of attention change in ADHD children before and after the intervention were analyzed. Data …


A Study On The Weakening Of Physical Fitness In Physical Education Reform Of China, Xia Zhao, Shuai Wang Aug 2022

A Study On The Weakening Of Physical Fitness In Physical Education Reform Of China, Xia Zhao, Shuai Wang

International Journal of Physical Activity and Health

The Chinese students' physical fitness was weakening from 1985 to 2005. Since 1995, almost all the physical fitness indicators have showed substantial decline over times. This study took this issue as the breakthrough point to examine how the physical education (PE) curriculum reform affected the students’ physical fitness in China. The primary and secondary school physical fitness literature has been reviewed. This study summarized the change of PE reform theory and practice during this period. Using the descriptive statistics, the proportions of physical activity in the PE curriculum of Chinese primary and secondary schools were analyzed. In the reform process …


College Students’ Time Management Disposition, Self-Esteem And Mobile Phone Addiction: A Moderate Mediation Model, Ming Wu, Jian Yang, Yuan Yuan, Yuan Zhang Aug 2022

College Students’ Time Management Disposition, Self-Esteem And Mobile Phone Addiction: A Moderate Mediation Model, Ming Wu, Jian Yang, Yuan Yuan, Yuan Zhang

International Journal of Physical Activity and Health

The purpose of this study was to analyze the impact of time management disposition on mobile phone addiction, explore the mediating role of self-esteem, and examine the differences between active and inactive college students in this mediating role. 887 college students participated in this study with valid measures. According to physical activity rating scale (PARS-3), students who met the recommendations of the World Health Organization's Global recommendations on physical activity for health were categorized into active groups while the others were inactive group. The data was subjected to mediation model testing and multi-group comparison using Amos 21.0. The proportion of …


The Relationship Between Physical Exercise And Mobile Phone Addiction Of College Students From Low Social Classes, Yuan Yuan, Jian Yang, Ming Wu Aug 2022

The Relationship Between Physical Exercise And Mobile Phone Addiction Of College Students From Low Social Classes, Yuan Yuan, Jian Yang, Ming Wu

International Journal of Physical Activity and Health

Mobile phone addiction has become a common phenomenon among college students, which seriously affects their physical and mental health. In this process, individuals with a strong sense of loneliness tend to seek social support and belonging in the virtual network, which leads to the occurrence of mobile phone addiction. At the same time, studies have begun to explore ways to reduce mobile phone addiction by improving physical activity. The purpose of this study was to explore the impact of low-level college students' physical exercise on mobile phone addiction, and focuses on the mediating mechanism of loneliness. The mobile phone addiction …


Exploring Factors And Strategies To Promote Chinese Elders’ Physical Activity, Fanghong Yao, Rui Zhang Aug 2022

Exploring Factors And Strategies To Promote Chinese Elders’ Physical Activity, Fanghong Yao, Rui Zhang

International Journal of Physical Activity and Health

This study was designed to explore factors and strategies to promote Chinese elders’ physical activity and cultivate healthy lifestyles. We collected the CHARLS survey 2011 baseline data, and selected 2647 cases of the elderly population in China. Based on the social ecosystem theory, the univariate analysis and ordered logistic regression were used. The model was analyzed for multivariate analysis. In the present study, the appropriate IRB approval has been obtained from Peking University. The theory of social ecology believes that individual behavior is influenced individual factors, inter-individual factors, organizational factors, community factors and policy factors. This article used the gender, …


Influencing Factors And Future Route Of Chinese Teenagers’ Health Based On The Healthy China 2030 Strategy, Rui Zhang, Yunjin Zou, Fanghong Yao Aug 2022

Influencing Factors And Future Route Of Chinese Teenagers’ Health Based On The Healthy China 2030 Strategy, Rui Zhang, Yunjin Zou, Fanghong Yao

International Journal of Physical Activity and Health

The purpose of this study was to examine the influencing factors for Chinese teenager health and possible future route according to the Healthy China 2030 Strategy. Using data from physical fitness test of Han nationality students aged 7-18 years in in 2014, we analyzed the influencing factors and the degree of physical health of Chinese teenagers. Combining dimensionality reduction, visualization and other unsupervised machine learning techniques, 6 physical fitness indicators, including vital capacity, standing long jump, 50-meter run, muscle strength, endurance and grip strength, were converted into 2 two components, accounting for 91% of the total variance. Applying multivariate logistic …


Experimental Study On The Influence Of “Active Campus” Plan On Physical Fitness And Sports Interest, Xizhe Bai, Xiaozan Wang, Meiyuan Chen Aug 2022

Experimental Study On The Influence Of “Active Campus” Plan On Physical Fitness And Sports Interest, Xizhe Bai, Xiaozan Wang, Meiyuan Chen

International Journal of Physical Activity and Health

The exploration of “Activity Campus” action plan for elementary and middle schools in China has been gradually prevailed, but the impact of this plan on students has not been clarified. Based on this, this study is to explores the impact of the "Activity Campus" action plan on students' physical fitness and sport learning interest through research in “Activity Campus” plan, and provides theoretical support for implementation of the “Activity Campus” plan. 164 fourth-grade students from Shandong Province participate in this experiment, 80 in the experimental group and 84 in the control group. The Primary School Students’ Sports Learning Interest Scale …


The Origin And Characteristics Of Family Sports In Germany, Run Yuan, Hongying Wang Aug 2022

The Origin And Characteristics Of Family Sports In Germany, Run Yuan, Hongying Wang

International Journal of Physical Activity and Health

Family sports, as a breakthrough of national fitness in Germany, has gone through more than 30 years of development. This study examined the origin, management, operation, guarantee, and promotion mechanism of family sports in Germany by using the methods of literature and field investigation. It is found that family sports in Germany originated from the implementation of "Gold Plan" in Germany, which has the following characteristics: Taking the top management organization of national sports as the link, paying attention to the coordinated management of family and club; paying attention to the coordination and cooperation of multiple departments and organizations. To …


An Exploratory Study Of Strengthening Non-Dominant Side Of Exercises On Adhd Children In Primary Schools, Lu Chen, Xiaozan Wang, Meiyuan Chen, Xizhe Bai Aug 2022

An Exploratory Study Of Strengthening Non-Dominant Side Of Exercises On Adhd Children In Primary Schools, Lu Chen, Xiaozan Wang, Meiyuan Chen, Xizhe Bai

International Journal of Physical Activity and Health

Empirical studies indicate that children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) benefited significantly from exercise interventions. Further investigation shows that strength training of non-dominant limbs improves children's athletic ability and cognitive development. This study tested the effectiveness of a strength training intervention on non-dominant limbs for primary school children with ADHD, evaluating its impacts on children’s motor skills. In this experiment, 15 children with ADHD aged 6-10 years were recruited, including 12 boys and 3 girls. All meet the diagnostic criteria of the American Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) for ADHD. Randomly divided into age-matched experimental and …


The Training Theory Of Chinese University Sports Teams Based On The Complexity Paradigm, Zeyuan Wang, Zhendong Zhang, Haoxiang Sima Aug 2022

The Training Theory Of Chinese University Sports Teams Based On The Complexity Paradigm, Zeyuan Wang, Zhendong Zhang, Haoxiang Sima

International Journal of Physical Activity and Health

Under the background of the integration of sports and education, it is of great significance to deepening the training theory of college sports teams. This research puts forward the necessity of using the complexity paradigm to find a more suitable training theory for college sports teams. The training theory of our country is deeply influenced by the simplicity paradigm. The simplicity paradigm is based on reductionism, which believes that the research object comprises simple addition of single elements, showing a linear relationship. There are many general pieces of training in the training arrangement, the preparation period is too long, the …


Relationship Between Procrastination And Exercise Behavior Among College Students: The Mediating Effects Of Time Efficiency, Yuan Zhang, Jian Yang, Ming Wu, Yuan Yuan Aug 2022

Relationship Between Procrastination And Exercise Behavior Among College Students: The Mediating Effects Of Time Efficiency, Yuan Zhang, Jian Yang, Ming Wu, Yuan Yuan

International Journal of Physical Activity and Health

Procrastination is prevalent in the study and life of the college student population. There is evidence suggesting that procrastination can have a negative impact on mood and behavior. However, in the field of exercise, the effects and mechanisms of procrastination on exercise have not been widely studied. Therefore, this study investigates the relationship between procrastination and exercise volume of college students, and discusses the mediation effect of time efficiency. The sample comprised 910 university students from 5 provinces(female: 509, male: 401)who completed inventories assessing their procrastination, time efficiency and exercise volume, and the relationships between these variables were examined using …


A Comparative Study On The Construction Of Special Psychological Ability Indexes Of Curling Male Athletes, Xuelin Pang, Zhengze Zhang Aug 2022

A Comparative Study On The Construction Of Special Psychological Ability Indexes Of Curling Male Athletes, Xuelin Pang, Zhengze Zhang

International Journal of Physical Activity and Health

Curling is a sport combining skill and intelligence. Athletes should not only have proficient physical fitness, technical and tactical level, but they also need strong psychological ability. This study attempts to build a special psychological ability system for curling athletes, to provide guidance for the athlete selection and training. In this study, 13 male athletes of Heilongjiang curling team were recruited. HengChan Yin 's attention scale, Dr. Ping Ye's competitive motivation scale, XiaoChuan Yin 's excellent athlete's will quality evaluation scale, Vealey's athlete's trait self-confidence scale, Martens's sports competition state anxiety scale, LiWei Zhang's pre competition emotion scale-t scale, electronic …


A Comparative Study Of The Chinese Nationwide System And American Association System In Athletic Sports, Shuisheng Xu, Hanzhi Dai Aug 2022

A Comparative Study Of The Chinese Nationwide System And American Association System In Athletic Sports, Shuisheng Xu, Hanzhi Dai

International Journal of Physical Activity and Health

China and the United States, both in the first-tier in competitive sports worldwide, have different management and administrative systems. China employs the Nationwide System, in which the government has power to allocate resources from all dimensions to promote athletic sports. The government-based Chinese Nationwide System is led by government and mainly focuses on micro-management. In comparison, the social-led association system used in US is based on the macroeconomic regulation with indirect involvement of government. A comparative analysis of the Chinese Nationwide System and the American Association System would contribute to exploring their successful experience in competitive sports. This study deeply …


International Experience And Inspiration Of Online Physical Education In America Under The Crisis Of Public Health Emergencies, Han Meng, Zhihua Yin Aug 2022

International Experience And Inspiration Of Online Physical Education In America Under The Crisis Of Public Health Emergencies, Han Meng, Zhihua Yin

International Journal of Physical Activity and Health

In recent decades, the frequent occurrence of public health crises has brought great challenges to teaching school physical education (PE). This study aims to improve the quality of PE online courses in China and provide effective support for PE teachers to carry out online teaching by learning from the experiences of how to effectively conduct online physical education in America when schools are closed. This study reviewed the relevant policy documents and literature of online physical education courses in America, including theoretical and practical studies. Furthermore, available data stemming from semi-structured interviews and focus groups with eleven PE teachers were …


Research On The Path Of Training Athletes In Chinese Universities Under The Background Of Integration Of Sports And Education, Haoxiang Sima, Zhendong Zhang, Zeyuan Wang Aug 2022

Research On The Path Of Training Athletes In Chinese Universities Under The Background Of Integration Of Sports And Education, Haoxiang Sima, Zhendong Zhang, Zeyuan Wang

International Journal of Physical Activity and Health

The purpose of this study was to realize the cognition and practice of sports education concepts from all walks of life in China, and eliminate the barriers of traditional systems and mechanisms, it will point out the direction for the training of Chinese competitive sports reserve talents to get out of the predicament and move towards high-quality development. The cultivation of reserve talents for competitive sports in China has gone through three stages: “combination of sports and education,” “combination of education and sports,” and “integration of sports and education.” Through analysis, it is concluded that the problems encountered by high-level …


Impact Of International Sport Events In Promoting International Attention Of Cities:Evidence From Google Trends, Yuanxin Chen, Jingyu Li Aug 2022

Impact Of International Sport Events In Promoting International Attention Of Cities:Evidence From Google Trends, Yuanxin Chen, Jingyu Li

International Journal of Physical Activity and Health

In order to raise the international attention and gain more competitive advantages, many Chinese cities are aiming at holding international sport events to promote urban development. However, previous studies indicated that international sport events have attracted international attention for hosting cities, but only stay at theoretical level of interpretation, empirical studies are scarce and needed. Therefore, the major purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of international sport events on urban development from the perspective of cities’ international attention, and to provide new dimensions and ideas for the relationship between sport events and urban development. This study used …


Analysis On The Choreographic Characteristics Of The Top Eight Jazz Cheerleading Events In The 2019 World Cheerleading Championship, Ge Guo, Yan Zhou Aug 2022

Analysis On The Choreographic Characteristics Of The Top Eight Jazz Cheerleading Events In The 2019 World Cheerleading Championship, Ge Guo, Yan Zhou

International Journal of Physical Activity and Health

As the highest award platform in cheerleading competitions, the World Cheerleading Championship is participated by the elite teams and international judges and experts from all over the world. This paper aims to explore the similarities and differences between excellent teams from the aspects of complete sets of dance movements, difficult movements, complete sets of music, and stage visual effects. To collect data, we searched relevant documents and materials through China Knowledge Net, Wanfang data periodical net, and other information networks. Meanwhile, we watched videos of the top eight teams that participated in the 2019 World Cheerleading Championship. In addition, we …


Implementing Path Of Zhengzhou University's Establishment Of Football Academy, Zhaoxin Ma, Ling Niu, Yongqiang Chang, Xinyue Kong Aug 2022

Implementing Path Of Zhengzhou University's Establishment Of Football Academy, Zhaoxin Ma, Ling Niu, Yongqiang Chang, Xinyue Kong

International Journal of Physical Activity and Health

Under the new policy background of the 2020 "Opinions on Deepening the Integration of Sports and Education and Promoting the Healthy Development of Adolescents", as the highest educational institution in China, higher education institutions should shoulder the responsibility of cultivating high-quality talents to meet social needs. As the highest-quality higher education institution in Henan Province, Zhengzhou University's innovation and exploration of teaching methods and talent training models under the background of the integration of sports and education will play a leading role in the development of higher education in Henan Province. Through combing and analyzing the existing policy documents, firstly, …


Social Media-Based Professional Development Of Physical Education Teachers In China, Yue Xu, Zhihua Yin Aug 2022

Social Media-Based Professional Development Of Physical Education Teachers In China, Yue Xu, Zhihua Yin

International Journal of Physical Activity and Health

In recent years, social media has played an important role in the professional development(PD)of physical education (PE) teachers (Jeffrey P. Carpenter & Stephen Harvey, 2020). There is a wealth of research on the professional development of PE teachers, but few relevant studies examined social media-based PDs. The purpose of this study was to specifically explore the research interests and changes in the PD of PE teachers in social media, and to explore the potential research space in this field. In this literature review, we followed three steps to conduct literature search. We used the following keywords: “social media”, OR “Wechat/Weibo”, …


Effect Of The Fit Taijipao On 20-30-Year-Old Adults’ Cardiorespiratory Function, Liyuan Li Aug 2022

Effect Of The Fit Taijipao On 20-30-Year-Old Adults’ Cardiorespiratory Function, Liyuan Li

International Journal of Physical Activity and Health

The FIT taijipao is a personalized fitness run, based on tai chi thought, and taking physiological index heart rate as the assessment of exercise load standard. According to the current research, there is no clear study to confirm its health benefits. Therefore, this study intended to examine the effects of FIT taijipao on cardiorespiratory function for 20-30 years old adults. 60 volunteers were recruited from a university of Sichuan province, China. After the volunteers signed informed consent, they were randomly divided into the experimental group (30 students) and the control group (30 volunteers). The experimental group had the FIT taijipao …


Experimental Study On The Effectiveness Of Extracurricular Football Training For Improving Primary Students Physical Fitness, Yizhi Zhang, Xiaozan Wang, Mingming Guo Aug 2022

Experimental Study On The Effectiveness Of Extracurricular Football Training For Improving Primary Students Physical Fitness, Yizhi Zhang, Xiaozan Wang, Mingming Guo

International Journal of Physical Activity and Health

The purpose of this study is to examine the effectiveness of after-school football training in improving the physical fitness of primary school students, so as to provide corresponding Suggestions for carrying out after-school football training in primary schools. A total of 72 students from the experimental primary school of Mouping district, Yantai city, Shandong province, participated in this experimental study, including 36 in the experimental group and 36 in the control group.The experiment was conducted for two semesters. During the experiment period, the experimental group conducted one-hour football training after school from Monday to Thursday afternoon every week, and two …