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Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

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Process And Impact Evaluation Of The Verb Summer Scorecard Program, Travis William Hartke Jan 2008

Process And Impact Evaluation Of The Verb Summer Scorecard Program, Travis William Hartke

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

There is currently a considerable public health concern about levels of inactivity in youth. This type of information has led to many state and national initiatives aimed at promoting physical activity, such as the VERB Summer Scorecard Program in Story County, Iowa where tweens (children ages 8 to 13) can complete a VERB Scorecard of physical activity by going to physically active activities and deals at businesses in the community with the outcome of earning prizes. The purpose of the study was to determine factors that influence interest and involvement in the VERB summer scorecard program. To do this, a ...


Understanding Issues Of College Persistence For Undocumented Mexican Immigrant Women From The New Latino Diaspora: A Case Study, Susana Maria Muñoz Jan 2008

Understanding Issues Of College Persistence For Undocumented Mexican Immigrant Women From The New Latino Diaspora: A Case Study, Susana Maria Muñoz

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

National data suggest that Latina immigrant women fare better educationally than their nonimmigrant counterparts in bachelor degree attainment, but does not account for how immigration status impacts college persistence. Using a borderlands theoretical framework, this study examines factors associated with college persistence among a sample of undocumented Mexican immigrant women from a small rural community in the Rocky Mountain region. Chicana feminist epistemological techniques are used to analyze data collected from in-depth interviews from participants and community informants. In addition, a trenzas de identidades multiples (braids of multiple identities) perspective was used helped conceptualize and categorize persistence factors surrounding and ...


Pregnant And Parenting Teens' Attitudes Toward Pregnancy And Motherhood And Their Perceptions Of Social Support, Cindy Ngoc Vo Jan 2008

Pregnant And Parenting Teens' Attitudes Toward Pregnancy And Motherhood And Their Perceptions Of Social Support, Cindy Ngoc Vo

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study investigated the social support network of pregnant (n=10) and parenting (n=22) teens recruited through local agencies. The support network was viewed both as support and as an agent of stress to adolescents. The pregnant and parenting teens' perceptions of motherhood and their attitudes toward being a parent were also studied. The teens had a variety of support types and support sources, but the two groups did not differ in those types and sources. They preferred support from boyfriend and mother over other sources and both groups had similar expectations and beliefs about motherhood and social support ...


Implementing The Science Writing Heuristic Laboratory Report Format In The Undergraduate Organic Chemistry Laboratory, Jacob Daniel Schroeder Jan 2008

Implementing The Science Writing Heuristic Laboratory Report Format In The Undergraduate Organic Chemistry Laboratory, Jacob Daniel Schroeder

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation describes how a traditional organic chemistry laboratory was reformed into a guided inquiry laboratory. Data presented illustrate the lack of correlation between the traditional laboratory and the corresponding lecture. After reforming the laboratory, student scores on lecture exams increased, specifically on exam questions directly related to concepts introduced in the laboratory. This dissertation covers work completed over the course of four years and includes the new laboratory manual, instructor notes for each new experiment, as well as a laboratory practical exam.


The Role Of Recasts In The Interactions Of Native-Speakers Of English With Korean English Language Learners, Hyunjung Lee Jan 2008

The Role Of Recasts In The Interactions Of Native-Speakers Of English With Korean English Language Learners, Hyunjung Lee

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study partially replicates that of Braidi (2002). Like the original, it investigates occurrences and use of recasts, that is, reformulations of incorrect utterances, in relation to the number of grammatical errors in conversations of NSEs (Native Speakers of English) and NNSEs (Nonnative Speakers of English) and examines whether different types of tasks can affect the occurrences and use of recasts. In contrast to many previous studies, I examine here the occurrences of recasts in non-instructional interactions between NSEs and NNSEs.;Five dyads of American teaching assistants and Korean graduate students at Iowa State University participated in performing two different ...


Context Visuals In L2 Listening Tests: The Effectiveness Of Photographs And Video Vs. Audio-Only Format, Ruslan S. Suvorov Jan 2008

Context Visuals In L2 Listening Tests: The Effectiveness Of Photographs And Video Vs. Audio-Only Format, Ruslan S. Suvorov

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Although visual support in the form of pictures and video has been widely used in language teaching, there appears to be a dearth of research on the role of visual aids in L2 listening tests (Buck, 2000; Ockey, 2007) and the absence of sound theoretical perspectives on this issue (Ginther, 2001; Gruba, 1999). The existing studies of the role of visual support in L2 listening tests yielded inconclusive results. While some studies showed that visuals can improve test-takers' performance on L2 listening tests (e.g., Ginther, 2002), others revealed no facilitative effect of visuals on listening comprehension of test-takers (e ...


Gender And Book Clubs In The Middle School Setting, Amanda Jayne Forsyth Jan 2008

Gender And Book Clubs In The Middle School Setting, Amanda Jayne Forsyth

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study examines the influence of gender in designing and implementing book clubs at the middle school level. Several secondary questions address this concern. These include which gender dominates and/or supports the discussion, how gender influences book selection, how each gender enjoys reading and discussing books in varied gender groupings, and how gender influences the level of textual analysis enacted in discussion. This study used both quantitative and qualitative data. The following recommendation was made as a result of the study: Middle school students should be offered both mixed-gender and same-gender book clubs. This recommendation was based on the ...


An Exploratory Study Of Computer Assisted Language Learning (Call) Glosses And Traditional Glosses On Incidental Vocabulary Learning And Spanish Literature Reading Comprehension, Thomas Michael Lage Jan 2008

An Exploratory Study Of Computer Assisted Language Learning (Call) Glosses And Traditional Glosses On Incidental Vocabulary Learning And Spanish Literature Reading Comprehension, Thomas Michael Lage

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The following is an exploratory study investigating the difference in the incidental vocabulary learning (or recall) of Spanish vocabulary while reading for comprehension. A secondary area of investigation is the influence of learner characteristics on gloss access. High-intermediate/low-advanced Spanish students from two sections of the same Spanish course at an American university participated in this study. One group of participants was provided traditional English marginal glosses to the left of the reading while the second group of students was provided with computer-assisted language learning (CALL) glosses. The participants took three constructed response vocabulary post-tests in the following three weeks ...


Mission Possible: Skills 2010--A Study Of Kirkwood Community College's Employers' Skills And Education Needs, Dee Baird Jan 2008

Mission Possible: Skills 2010--A Study Of Kirkwood Community College's Employers' Skills And Education Needs, Dee Baird

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

How do employers in a rural seven-county region in the middle of the United States compete in an international market? And how does the local community college help? These questions need to be answered on an ongoing basis in order for the region served by Kirkwood Community College in Cedar Rapids, Iowa to stay economically viable and for the College to fulfill its mission. The purpose of this dissertation was to conduct a research study to inform Kirkwood, as well as appropriate economic development partners and the community, about education and skill needs of employers.;Questions guiding the research were ...


Pre- And Post-Admission Criteria As Predictors Of Academic Success In An Associate Degree Nursing Program, Nancy Lee Conzett Muecke Jan 2008

Pre- And Post-Admission Criteria As Predictors Of Academic Success In An Associate Degree Nursing Program, Nancy Lee Conzett Muecke

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Early identification of predictors of academic success or challenges assists faculty and staff in providing effective support to those who may need it. This study examined the relationship between selected pre- and post-admission criteria and two measures of academic success: successful completion of an associate degree registered nursing program (ADN), and first-attempt success on the National Council Licensing Examination for Registered Nurses (NCLEX-RN). The subjects were 404 students enrolled in the nursing program between 1998 and 2005. The nursing program was located at a small, private, health-system based institution in the Midwest.;There were six pre-admission independent variables and five ...


Families, Motivation, And Reading: Pre-Adolescent Students And Their Reading Motivation And Family Reading Habits, Jill L. Janes Jan 2008

Families, Motivation, And Reading: Pre-Adolescent Students And Their Reading Motivation And Family Reading Habits, Jill L. Janes

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Research indicates that reading motivation declines as elementary students grow older. This reading motivation is multi-faceted with a variety of influences. Additional research indicates that when families are involved with students' reading as well as with school activities, students can reap positive academic benefits. Involving families in reading, however, declines as students progress to the upper elementary and pre-adolescent years. There is a lack of research concerning family involvement in reading with pre-adolescent students, particularly in regard to the effect of family involvement on reading motivation.;The purpose of this study was to determine the reading motivation and family reading ...


Composition 2.0: Rethinking Web Literacy For The Twenty-First Century Classroom, Matthew Edward Morain Jan 2008

Composition 2.0: Rethinking Web Literacy For The Twenty-First Century Classroom, Matthew Edward Morain

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This thesis argues for an updated pedagogy of Web literacy in the first-year college composition classroom in light of radical changes to the Web, or what we have come to know as Web 2.0.


The Architectural Design Studio As A Learning Environment: A Qualitative Exploration Of Architecture Design Student Learning Experiences In Design Studios From First- Through Fourth-Yea, Patience Lamunu Opiyo Lueth Jan 2008

The Architectural Design Studio As A Learning Environment: A Qualitative Exploration Of Architecture Design Student Learning Experiences In Design Studios From First- Through Fourth-Yea, Patience Lamunu Opiyo Lueth

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This qualitative study addresses the design studio learning experiences of fifth-year architectural students, from their first year to their fourth year. It discusses the descriptions that architecture students give to the learning experiences, describes the perceptions that design students have of their learning experiences, and illuminates the outcomes of these learning experiences. The findings show that the students described their learning experiences as interrelational, perceived the experiences as transitional, and felt that their learning experiences aided in the production of outcomes. The findings were viewed within social constructivist and constructionist viewpoints and were contingent on Chickering and Reisser's model ...


Becoming More Resilient: Perceptions Of Resiliency Development Education In Post-Secondary Students, Kristine Myhrwold Meyer Jan 2008

Becoming More Resilient: Perceptions Of Resiliency Development Education In Post-Secondary Students, Kristine Myhrwold Meyer

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Students leaving home for college face new challenges and adversities as they experience newfound independence. Their abilities to be resilient or to bounce back from various challenges determine their successes as students and eventually throughout life. The purpose of this phenomenological study was to explore the perceptions of eleven students who participated in resiliency development education (RDE) during the first semester of their freshmen year at college and to explore the meaning they discovered in their experience with resiliency education.;The themes ubiquitous within this study were: (1) the efficacy of learning resiliency through the pedagogy of storytelling; (2) the ...


Queenbees And Wannabees: The Struggle For Power Through Bullying In Adolescent Girls, Deann Valorie Miller Jan 2008

Queenbees And Wannabees: The Struggle For Power Through Bullying In Adolescent Girls, Deann Valorie Miller

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

In this hermeneutic phenomenological study, I explore the lived experience of 5 middle school girls in grades 5-9, who have experienced bullying. My question for this study asks, "What is the lived experience of adolescent girls who have experienced female bullying?" The metaphor of queenbees and wannabees has helped me understand adolescent ways of being in the world as they have been bullied. In addition, understanding the lived experience of female bullying is developed through the exploration of the phenomenological life-world themes of body, time, space, and relationality. The theme of body is examined through physical being, emotional being, and ...


Faculty Technology Mentoring: How Graduate Student Mentors Benefit From Technology Mentoring Relationship, Sonmez Pamuk Jan 2008

Faculty Technology Mentoring: How Graduate Student Mentors Benefit From Technology Mentoring Relationship, Sonmez Pamuk

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Literature on the concept of mentoring in general and technology mentoring specifically indicated that studies have investigated mentoring relationships in different settings and reported benefits for the less experienced mentoring partner. However, existing literature was limited in providing insights about mentoring from the more experienced partner's point of view. But, to establish sustainable and beneficial mentoring relationships, studies suggested that understanding mentor's reactions to the experience is necessary.;For that reason, the main purpose of this study was to examine a faculty technology mentoring program at a Midwestern university from the perspective of graduate students' who served as ...


Uncertainty And Evolution: Contributions To Identity Development For Female College Students Who Identify As Multiracial/Biracial-Bisexual/Pansexual, Alissa Renee King Jan 2008

Uncertainty And Evolution: Contributions To Identity Development For Female College Students Who Identify As Multiracial/Biracial-Bisexual/Pansexual, Alissa Renee King

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

In this study, I explored how female college students who identify as multiracial/biracial-bisexual/pansexual made meaning of their racial and sexual identities, how they described their identity development process, and the ways in which college contributed to their identity formation. Utilizing a proposed model of biracial-bisexual identity development and the ecology of student development model as foundations for this study, I sought to better understand the experiences both before and during college, and the impacts of those two environments on the processes of racial and sexual identity formation for the female college students in this study. Findings, based on ...


"Some Friends And I Started Talking...": A Participatory Action Research Project To Deconstruct White Privilege Among Student Affairs Practitioners, Jeffrey Edward Cullen Jan 2008

"Some Friends And I Started Talking...": A Participatory Action Research Project To Deconstruct White Privilege Among Student Affairs Practitioners, Jeffrey Edward Cullen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this participatory action research (PAR) project was to investigate and deconstruct white racial privilege as one step toward developing an anti-racist professional identity for white students in a student affairs graduate preparation program at a predominantly white university.;This qualitative study used the approach of PAR, influenced by a critical, emancipatory perspective. Five participants came together for a 30-hour group process that was both dialogical and experiential. Each group member was interviewed before and after the group process, and the transcripts of the interviews and group process formed the core of the data that was generated. Participants ...


The Land, It's Everything: Women Farmland Owners And The Institution Of Agricultural Conservation In The U.S. Midwest, Jean Crim Eells Jan 2008

The Land, It's Everything: Women Farmland Owners And The Institution Of Agricultural Conservation In The U.S. Midwest, Jean Crim Eells

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This institutional ethnography was undertaken to address the problematic that far fewer women than men participate in the institution of agricultural conservation despite the fact that about the same numbers of men and women own roughly equal amounts of agricultural land in the U.S. Midwest. The institution of agricultural conservation---governmental agencies and private non-profit organizations---provides conservation services such as technical assistance and funding to clients, private farmland owners, who implement conservation practices on their lands.;As a qualitative research methodology, institutional ethnography (IE) is a way to examine otherwise intractable or elusive problems that exist on an institutional level ...


Transforming Teacher Education To Support Multicultural Technology Pedagogy: An Assessment Of Preservice Teachers' Beliefs About Multiculturalism And Diversity, Audrey Denise Bowser Jan 2008

Transforming Teacher Education To Support Multicultural Technology Pedagogy: An Assessment Of Preservice Teachers' Beliefs About Multiculturalism And Diversity, Audrey Denise Bowser

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Because schools are becoming increasingly diverse, a significant role of teacher preparation programs is to prepare its prospective teachers with the knowledge, skills, and dispositions to help all students learn. In understanding the responsibility to prepare preservice teachers for working with diverse populations and implementing an effective multicultural curriculum, teacher education programs recognize the imperative that preservice teachers must be trained as technologically competent teachers who can skillfully integrate technology in culturally diverse classrooms. Within the context of teacher education, this research is rooted in social reconstructionist theory (Sleeter & Grant, 2003) based upon a critical multicultural conceptual framework interwoven with critical pedagogy (Freire, 1996; McLaren, 2003). This research study assessed preservice teachers' personal and professional ...


An Exploratory Study Of Language And Nonlanguage Factors Affecting Nonnative Undergraduate Students' Reaction To International Teaching Assistants, Edna De Freitas Lima Jan 2008

An Exploratory Study Of Language And Nonlanguage Factors Affecting Nonnative Undergraduate Students' Reaction To International Teaching Assistants, Edna De Freitas Lima

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study investigates whether language and nonlanguage factors affect international undergraduates' perceptions of international teaching assistants (ITAs). Fifty-five students enrolled in first-year composition classes listened to a short lecture under one of three guises related to nationality of the speaker and rated the lecture and the speaker based on eight response variables. Results indicate that the information provided to participants about the nationality of the speaker did not influence their perception of both lecture and speaker. However, when participants' variables were analyzed, statistically significant results were found for two response variables: accent and speaker likeability. The results for accent indicate ...


The Study Of The Impact Of The M.S. In Agronomy Distance Education Program On Student Careers, Jesse Duane Drew Jan 2008

The Study Of The Impact Of The M.S. In Agronomy Distance Education Program On Student Careers, Jesse Duane Drew

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this research study was to examine whether the Master of Science in Agronomy Distance Education Program at Iowa State University has had an impact on students' career mobility and economic status. Lifelong learning opportunities for agricultural professionals, like a majority of other field professional are growing exponentially. During the 2004 fall semester, 53 participants in the Master of Science in Agronomy Distance Education Program were given the Distance Education Impact Assessment Survey (DEIAS). Additional knowledge and training for adult students is essential for career advancement, and this research project intends to demonstrate how a Master of Science ...


Strategies Used By Secondary Spanish Teachers In Heritage Language Student Classrooms, Tracie Korbitz Chandrasekaran Jan 2008

Strategies Used By Secondary Spanish Teachers In Heritage Language Student Classrooms, Tracie Korbitz Chandrasekaran

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Heritage language speakers (HLS) in Iowa have increased annually in recent years due to the growing number of immigrants moving into the state. According to the English Language Learners Report of 2001, English language learners of Hispanic descent have increased by 636.3% between the school years of 1985-1986 and 2006-2007 (Iowa State Board of Education, 2007, p. 64).;Although some educators and members of the public might view HLS in public schools as problematic because of their need for English as a second language (ESL) classes, these unique learners can also be viewed as an asset. HLS possess knowledge ...


Transformative Learning Partnerships: Bridging Research And Practice To Improve The Lives Of Older People, Rhoda Helton Meador Jan 2008

Transformative Learning Partnerships: Bridging Research And Practice To Improve The Lives Of Older People, Rhoda Helton Meador

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation focused on consensus building and learning partnerships between researchers and practitioners aimed at improving the lives of older people. A series of three papers used an exploratory qualitative approach to describe the application of innovative methods that bridge the gap between research and practice in three case studies. Three research questions guided these case studies: (1) What joint perspectives and recommendations emerge when participants in community-based participatory research partnerships reach consensus about issues that impact the lives of older people?, (2) What role does learning play in community-based participatory research partnerships involving researchers and practitioners?, and (3) How ...


The Effects Of Individual Attributes, Health Behaviors, And Religion On Adolescent Obesity: A Study Of African American And Caucasian Adolescents, Bernice Adabasu Dodor Jan 2008

The Effects Of Individual Attributes, Health Behaviors, And Religion On Adolescent Obesity: A Study Of African American And Caucasian Adolescents, Bernice Adabasu Dodor

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to explore the influence of individual attributes (family socioeconomic status, gender, and race) and health behavior factors (vigorous physical activity, sedentary activity, dietary intake, and sleeping pattern) as well as religion (religious affiliations and religious commitment) on African American and Caucasian adolescents' body weight. The sample for this study consisted of African American and Caucasian adolescents (N = 3,596) aged 14-18 years at Wave II of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health). Stratification of the percentage of adolescents based on CDC growth charts indicates greater prevalence of overweight and obesity among ...


Bringing Ecocomposition To A Multimodal Composition Course: Critical Literacy And Place At Work In English 250, Londie Theresa Martin Jan 2008

Bringing Ecocomposition To A Multimodal Composition Course: Critical Literacy And Place At Work In English 250, Londie Theresa Martin

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study is to explore how the interaction between ecocomposition and (eco)feminist pedagogy can create generative spaces for critical literacies and reflexive thinking in the multimodal composition classroom. A review of scholarship in ecocomposition praxis reveals a need for further inquiry into ecocomposition as a multimodal experience. This research study seeks to better understand how ecocomposition and multimodal communication can encourage the acquisition of critical literacy in foundational composition courses by examining student work on two communication assignments: a personal narrative essay about a meaningful place and a multimodal documentary photo essay about a local place ...


Cosmetic Technologies Of The Body: An Exploration Of Self And Identity Through The Consumption Of Nonsurgical Cosmetic Procedures, Keila Elizabeth Tyner Jan 2008

Cosmetic Technologies Of The Body: An Exploration Of Self And Identity Through The Consumption Of Nonsurgical Cosmetic Procedures, Keila Elizabeth Tyner

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Although much research has been conducted on cosmetic surgery and some research has been conducted on cosmetic use in general, little to no research has explored nonsurgical cosmetic technologies of the body, particularly as a symbolic form of consumption in shaping notions of the self. Thus, the purpose of the present qualitative study was to gain understanding of the consumption of nonsurgical cosmetic technologies of the body from multiple theoretical perspectives. Of particular interest was how this consumption serves as a symbolic means for shaping the self, specifically in the context of self-presentation and impression management (Goffman, 1959).;For this ...


Exploring The Development Of Information Literacy Concepts Among Community College Students, Lisa Anne Hermann Stock Jan 2008

Exploring The Development Of Information Literacy Concepts Among Community College Students, Lisa Anne Hermann Stock

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore the experiences of community college students and their development of the concept of information literacy. The participants' individual definition of information literacy was explored as well as the people, places, and events that helped shape their concept of information literacy. Data were gathered applying narrative inquiry using a combination of interviews and document analysis. It was anticipated that reflection on their prior experiences would illuminate the meaning students make of information literacy, and could help inform instruction for future students.;Information literacy had different meanings to each of the participants. There ...


Circles Of Support: Towards A Liberatory Pedagogy For Community Education, Chad William Timm Jan 2008

Circles Of Support: Towards A Liberatory Pedagogy For Community Education, Chad William Timm

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this dissertation is to examine a unique attempt at community education where a grassroots community based organization collaborated with a local public school system in order to help low-income families leave poverty. It explores the relationship between a private organization dedicated to eliminating the structural barriers low-income families face, called Circles of Support and a public school system dedicated to helping low-income students meet the proficiency mandates of No Child Left Behind.;Using interview and observational data, this critical institutional ethnography describes the 4-year collaboration between Circles of Support and a public school system, which ultimately ended ...


An Exploration Of Perceptions Of Associate Of Science In Nursing Students Related To Transcultural Nursing Experiences, Susan Jane Woody Rhoades Jan 2008

An Exploration Of Perceptions Of Associate Of Science In Nursing Students Related To Transcultural Nursing Experiences, Susan Jane Woody Rhoades

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Transcultural nursing theory (Leininger, 1995) goes beyond or transcends cultural boundaries, and examining and cultivates an appreciation of human beings, their cultures, histories, and values. Assessment of values, histories, needs, and expectations assists in providing culturally competent patient care. Transcultural nursing courses are an integral part of nursing education.;The qualitative study examines perceptions of 6 Associate of Science in Nursing students related to transcultural nursing experiences in college and clinical education. This study explores what influence, if any, gender has in their experiences.;The interpretive study uses semistructured interviewing during focus group and interview meetings. The interviewer solicited responses ...