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The Influences Of The Public Health Care System And Education System On The Economic Growth Of Swaziland, Grace Greer May 2023

The Influences Of The Public Health Care System And Education System On The Economic Growth Of Swaziland, Grace Greer

International and Global Studies Undergraduate Honors Theses

The Kingdom of Eswatini, also known as Swaziland, has one of the youngest populations in the world with over 70% of citizens being under the age of 18 years old. This creates a substantial opportunity for economic, social, and educational growth in a country previously plagued with diseases such as HIV/AIDS, poor health care infrastructure cutting off thousands from basic care, and an educational system with a very low attendance rate and an even lower graduation rate. By evaluating the root causes of such issues dating back to the colonial era there is an opportunity to reprioritize health care ...


Approaching Trans Healthcare Competency: The Implementation Of Trans Health Education For Medical Providers In Appalachia, Rebecca Altschuler May 2023

Approaching Trans Healthcare Competency: The Implementation Of Trans Health Education For Medical Providers In Appalachia, Rebecca Altschuler

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Barriers to competent and safe healthcare disproportionately impact people who are marginalized because of their race, ethnicity, gender, or socioeconomic status. It is well documented that transgender patients in particular experience barriers to both accessing care and receiving high quality, non-discriminatory care (Hatzenbuehler & Pachankis, 2016; James et al., 2016; Rahman et al., 2019; Safer et al., 2016). This lack of access to culturally competent healthcare services contributes to health disparities that disproportionately impact the trans community. Literature on barriers to competent care for trans patients indicates that providers experience discomfort related to their ability to provide competent care (Safer et al., 2016 ...


How Well Do Students Perform On A Five-Paragraph Analysis Essay When Writing Digitally Versus Handwritten?, Brittany Coryell Dec 2022

How Well Do Students Perform On A Five-Paragraph Analysis Essay When Writing Digitally Versus Handwritten?, Brittany Coryell

Dissertations, Theses, and Projects

Technology use in the secondary education setting has been increasing since the early 2000s, but with the coronavirus pandemic in 2020, when students learned remotely, technology use exponentially increased. Many districts provided devices for their students to continue their schoolwork. As we return to the classroom, should assignments remain technology-based or return to handwritten assignments? In this study, the researcher focused on identifying whether handwritten work or typing is more effective when developing a five-paragraph analysis essay in a ninth-grade classroom. Students were given the same curriculum throughout the study, but one group was given the curriculum through worksheets to ...


The Impact Of Personalized Email Invitations On The Survey Response Rate Of First-Year Community College Students, Stephanie Keister Dec 2022

The Impact Of Personalized Email Invitations On The Survey Response Rate Of First-Year Community College Students, Stephanie Keister

School of Education Doctoral Projects - Higher Education

First-year community college students are a population of immense interest to community college administrators as first-year students encounter unique challenges than can impede them from graduation. Administrators depend on the college’s office of institutional research to gather first-year student experience data so that they can plan and implement programs which might encourage students to reach graduation. Institutional researchers regularly use surveys to ascertain this valuable first-year student data. Unfortunately, first-year students have low response rates to survey requests. Previous studies on improving college students’ survey response rates have focused primarily on students at four-year institutions. This study aims to ...


Impact Of Organizational Structure On Community Engagement Outcomes, Christy Arrazattee Dec 2022

Impact Of Organizational Structure On Community Engagement Outcomes, Christy Arrazattee

School of Education Doctoral Projects - Higher Education

Community engagement has been embedded into higher education institutions since the early 1990s, yet scholars and practitioners still debate if there is an ideal reporting structure for coordinating offices (Jacoby, 2014). This study involved a quantitative analysis of 72 institutions who submitted information to the National Inventory of Institutional Infrastructure for Community Engagement survey (NI³CE – pronounced “nice”) between 2017 and 2020. Institutions were categorized by organizational structure (centralized vs. decentralized) and by reporting line (Academic Affairs, Student Affairs, Joint Academic Affairs/ Student Affairs, Outreach, and decentralized). Using the NI³CE inventory and scoring system, points were awarded to institutions based on ...


The Knowledge, Attitudes, And Practices Of Faculty Towards Scholarly And Predatory Open Access Publishing, Julie Schiavo Dec 2022

The Knowledge, Attitudes, And Practices Of Faculty Towards Scholarly And Predatory Open Access Publishing, Julie Schiavo

School of Education Doctoral Projects - Higher Education

Faculty have many options regarding publishing their scholarly research. Yet, along with the growth and development of scholarly open access, predatory open access publishing was created as a business devoted to making a profit at the expense of high-quality scholarship. Many faculty are not aware of the process to publish in an open access journal, the benefits of choosing such a model for their research, or the differences between a scholarly and a predatory open access publisher. The problem addressed in this study was the lack of knowledge about the motivations and behaviors of faculty when choosing publication venues for ...


Need Assessment For Academic Programs And Support Services For Black Male Stem Students At A Rural Historically Black College And University In Mississippi, Monica Burr Dec 2022

Need Assessment For Academic Programs And Support Services For Black Male Stem Students At A Rural Historically Black College And University In Mississippi, Monica Burr

School of Education Doctoral Projects - Higher Education

The topic of Black student success in STEM at HBCUs has been extensively documented. This STEM pipeline is a pivotal tool to address the global demand for a STEM educated workforce. The purpose of this study was to assess the awareness of and attitudes of Black male STEM students towards academic programs and student support services at a rural university in the south. A quantitative descriptive survey research design was used to systematically explore factors that Black male STEM students associate with their academic success during the 2021 fall academic semester. Results from the study found that participants were aware ...


The Slippery-Slope Of Privatizing Public Colleges And Universities In The United States, Scott Anthony Manganello Dec 2022

The Slippery-Slope Of Privatizing Public Colleges And Universities In The United States, Scott Anthony Manganello

School of Education Doctoral Projects - Higher Education

ABSTRACT

This study proposes to examine a series of peer-reviewed articles and books on this subject, along with analyzing the opinions of higher education stakeholders such as higher education administrators/professors and state legislatures to understand (1) the role that higher education privatization plays in the future of public higher education in the United States; (2) how larger budget cuts for higher education are generating the growth of higher education privatization in the United States; and (3) how the rising cost of student tuition along with other factors are contributing to the growth of higher education privatization. The goal of ...


Teaching New Generations The Language Of Mathematics, Nicholas Kolta Dec 2022

Teaching New Generations The Language Of Mathematics, Nicholas Kolta

Graduate Theses, Action Research Projects, and Professional Projects

In the beginning of the school year, many 9th grade students dread having to walk into a mathematics classroom and try to understand all those incomprehensible symbols. This action research is an attempt to delve into how we can make mathematical language more relevant, meaningful, and valuable in our students’ lives. The research shows that reasoning and understanding is equally important as procedural skills. In fact, giving students time to explore and make sense of mathematical language and its’ purposes is necessary to engage in math fluency skills in meaningful, informed, and flexible ways. The research also demonstrates that ...


The Persistence Of Exclusion In Developmental Math Courses In Community Colleges: The Search For Equity And Justice In Math Education, Dora P. Trujillo Sep 2022

The Persistence Of Exclusion In Developmental Math Courses In Community Colleges: The Search For Equity And Justice In Math Education, Dora P. Trujillo

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

This study examines how minoritized community college students taking developmental mathematics courses construct their math identities and how structures within academia affect this construction. It uses interviews and a focus group with open-ended questions to look beyond the quantitative studies examining the effectiveness of math developmental courses by exploring student narratives rather than statistical data. Both curricula and pedagogies need to be de-constructed so we may bring social change through diversity to the teaching and learning of mathematics at this level, as developmental math courses have become a systematized form of marginalization. In the process of de-constructing, we also need ...


The Impact Of Utilizing Non-Permanent Workspaces As A Formative Assessment Tool On Students’ Outcomes And Attitudes Towards Mathematics In A Middle School Math Classroom, Robert Minkkinen Aug 2022

The Impact Of Utilizing Non-Permanent Workspaces As A Formative Assessment Tool On Students’ Outcomes And Attitudes Towards Mathematics In A Middle School Math Classroom, Robert Minkkinen

Dissertations, Theses, and Projects

The present study investigated the effectiveness of utilizing non-permanent workspaces as formative assessment tools for middle school mathematics students in regards to their academic performance and feelings or attitudes towards mathematics. The researcher took two sections of eight grade basic algebra students, and implemented the practice of utilizing non-permanent workspaces as formative assessment tools with one section, and similar formative assessment strategies with the other section of students, but without the non-permanent workspaces. The participants from both sections took a pretest and post-test to determine the academic effectiveness of implementing the non-permanent workspaces. The participants from both sections also completed ...


Parental Perceptions Of The Effectiveness Of Synchronous And Asynchronous Online Learning At An Urban/Suburban Elementary School During Covid-19, Bracken Healy Aug 2022

Parental Perceptions Of The Effectiveness Of Synchronous And Asynchronous Online Learning At An Urban/Suburban Elementary School During Covid-19, Bracken Healy

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

The aim of this qualitative research study was to examine parents’ perceptions of the effectiveness of synchronous and asynchronous online learning at an urban/suburban elementary school during the COVID-19 pandemic. The second goal of this research study was to add to the literature on online learning models through gathering valuable information regarding synchronous and asynchronous online instructional models. The following 3 major themes emerged during the data collection phase of this study: quality of instruction, parental support, and student motivation. Parents overwhelming believed that the quality of instruction was far superior in fall 2020 when the school employed a ...


Recruitment And Retention Of Active Military And Veteran Students At Mississippi Gulf Coast Community College, Christen Duhe Aug 2022

Recruitment And Retention Of Active Military And Veteran Students At Mississippi Gulf Coast Community College, Christen Duhe

School of Education Doctoral Projects - Higher Education

In 2015, the estimated veteran population for Mississippi was 200,000–350,000 and the veteran population in the U.S. in 2019 was estimated to be 19,209,704. Of this number, only 910,000 utilized their education benefits (USDVA, 2019). Comparable to national trends, active military members and veterans are not being effectively targeted and recruited to become students at Mississippi community colleges. Moreover, the enrolled military students and veterans were also found to experience more difficulties in higher education than their civilian peers (Smith et al., 2017). The purpose of this research was to identify the strategies ...


Students' Perceptions Of Campus Police Officers On Two-Year College Campuses, Blythe King Aug 2022

Students' Perceptions Of Campus Police Officers On Two-Year College Campuses, Blythe King

School of Education Doctoral Projects - Higher Education

Campus law enforcement officers are a necessary component to the college environment. Over the last decade, law enforcement officers and their practices have been scrutinized nationally and have become the topic of a heated debate over the necessity of the profession. The purpose of this study was to investigate students’ perceptions of campus police officers on two-year college campuses. Specifically, this study examined the students’ understanding of the unique roles of campus police officers. Additionally, this study assessed students’ trust in the abilities of campus police officers to provide a safe learning environment. Key results indicated that students lack an ...


Disability Disclosure And Academic Advising: Factors That Influence Disability Disclosure To An Academic Advisor, Autumn Grant Aug 2022

Disability Disclosure And Academic Advising: Factors That Influence Disability Disclosure To An Academic Advisor, Autumn Grant

School of Education Doctoral Projects - Higher Education

The National Center for Education Statistics revealed that in 2015-2016, 19.4% of undergraduate students reported having a disability. Further data convey that students with disabilities have lower graduation and retention rates than their non-disabled peers. Academic advising has a long-standing linkage to retention and success; however, academic advisors frequently feel that they are in a better place to support students with disabilities if they understand the impact of the disability on academic life. Existing literature focuses on factors that influence students to disclose a disability to obtain reasonable accommodations from an institution's disability/accessibility office and disclosure to ...


Student Affairs Supervisor Training, Preparation, And Perception Of Job Satisfaction, Emily Holmes Aug 2022

Student Affairs Supervisor Training, Preparation, And Perception Of Job Satisfaction, Emily Holmes

School of Education Doctoral Projects - Higher Education

Student affairs professionals are critical to the overall success of institutions of higher learning. Currently, the profession is at a turning point in navigating many complex issues. One of these issues is ensuring adequate levels of job satisfaction and employee morale. Units who employ supervisors who are competent leaders can see increased employee satisfaction and morale when training appropriately to handle the complexities of supervising others. When supervisors are ill-equipped to manage, employees report increased issues in the workplace. The purpose of this study was to examine the experiences of student affairs supervisors related to their preparation and training. Specifically ...


An Investigation Of The Relationship Between Teachers’ Personal Epistemologies And Their Self-Efficacy About Culturally Responsive Classroom Management, Tahani Ahmed Aug 2022

An Investigation Of The Relationship Between Teachers’ Personal Epistemologies And Their Self-Efficacy About Culturally Responsive Classroom Management, Tahani Ahmed

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Diversity is now an essential matter in US public schools. For the first time in America's history, students of color will constitute a majority of the public school enrollment; on the other hand, most early childhood and elementary teachers remain monolingual, white, middle-class females (Hussar & Bailey, 2019). The demographic mismatch between students and teachers presents a critical concern for teacher preparation programs (Banks et al., 2005; Gay, 2018; Muñiz, 2019). Therefore, this study proposed that understanding the relationship between pre-service teachers' epistemological beliefs and their culturally responsive classroom management self-efficacy illustrated factors that may improve their teaching concept toward diversity. The study also evaluated whether early childhood (PreK-3) pre-service teachers held different personal epistemologies of teaching and culturally responsive classroom ...


An Investigation Of Active Learning On Students' Understanding Of Infinite Series Convergence, Zachary Coverstone Aug 2022

An Investigation Of Active Learning On Students' Understanding Of Infinite Series Convergence, Zachary Coverstone

All Graduate Plan B and other Reports

Many students encounter infinite series for the first time as part of their single-variable calculus coursework. As part of this initial engagement with infinite series convergence, students grapple with infinity in ways that they haven't had to before. For instance, the fact that summing infinitely many terms sometimes yields a finite value, but at other times diverges, poses significant conceptual challenges.

I recently designed and implemented a curriculum for second-semester calculus centered in doing problems to help students develop ideas surrounding infinite series convergence, rather than using direct instruction. The unit design was patterned after a workshop at the ...


Faculty, Ferpa, And Covid-19, Marina Kaplan-Iosim Aug 2022

Faculty, Ferpa, And Covid-19, Marina Kaplan-Iosim

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

This qualitative case study was conducted to understand the experiences of ten faculty participants at a private, not-for-profit, 4-year degree-granting, high research institution located in the Northeast United States, who needed to change from in-person instruction to remote teaching due to COVID-19 during Spring 2020, as they prepared to protect student privacy while teaching online. In addition, this study sought to better understand how faculty were protecting and sharing student data, PII, and other personal information during that time. Data for this study was collected through semi-structured interviews. Narrative methods informed my choice of interviewing because this method provided a ...


Applying The Dialogic Method In An Eighth Grade English Curriculum, Maggie Repko Aug 2022

Applying The Dialogic Method In An Eighth Grade English Curriculum, Maggie Repko

Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations

In this thesis, I provide an analysis of Paulo Freire’s (1973) dialogic method for language education. I then synthesize his theories with the work of sociocultural and linguistic researchers who have determined the strongest activities to bring about student language development. Finally, I apply these theories to my appendices of created works that might be utilized in an eighth-grade creative writing course. This thesis demonstrates the similarities between Freire’s students and our students in the USA today and the ways that a critical dialogic pedagogy will meet their language learning needs while also inspiring their creative, critical conscientização ...


Predictors Of Special Education Inequity In Rural Rocky Mountain West Schools, Jac'lyn Bera Aug 2022

Predictors Of Special Education Inequity In Rural Rocky Mountain West Schools, Jac'lyn Bera

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Current research focusing on disproportionality and equity in schools focuses on the urban environment, resulting in a significant gap in our understanding of the challenges of rural schools. For rural, racially and ethnically minoritized (R/EM) students who have disabilities, this research is largely unavailable or minimal, and negatively affects our understanding of rural needs, barriers, and successes for this historically underserved population. There is even less research focused specifically on rural students in the Rocky Mountain West (RMW) region of the United States. Understanding these factors serves as a critical area of research, and is the focus of this ...


Collaborative Practices Of Rural Inclusive Postsecondary Education Program (Ipse) Directors, Elizabeth Susanne Goode Dimond Aug 2022

Collaborative Practices Of Rural Inclusive Postsecondary Education Program (Ipse) Directors, Elizabeth Susanne Goode Dimond

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Inclusive postsecondary education programs (IPSE) for students with intellectual disabilities (ID) are relatively new, having their formal beginning in the Higher Education Opportunity Act (HEOA; P.L. 110-315) of 2008. These programs vary greatly and are found in urban, suburban, and rural areas of the United States. Those programs in rural areas face unique barriers and have unique strengths that affect how they collaborate and with whom they collaborate. The purpose of this qualitative phenomenological study is to describe the collaborative practices of rural IPSE program directors. This study gathered the lived experiences of rural IPSE program directors collaborating with ...


Social Media, Anxiety, And Reading Achievement In Elementary Students, Mercedes Villarreal Hinojosa, Viviana Elizondo Marcos, Maria A. Julian Quintanilla Aug 2022

Social Media, Anxiety, And Reading Achievement In Elementary Students, Mercedes Villarreal Hinojosa, Viviana Elizondo Marcos, Maria A. Julian Quintanilla

International Graduate Program for Educators Master's Projects

The purpose of this study is to explore the relationship between perceived social media usage, academic achievement in reading, and anxiety. This study looked at a second grade classroom in ASFM consisting of 21 bilingual Mexican students, 11 boys and 10 girls. Perceived social media usage was measured using a survey, academic reading achievement was measured using Fountas and Pinell reading levels and anxiety was measured using the Children’s Test Anxiety Scale (CTAS) by Wren and Benson (2004). Each variable was then analyzed on its own through the use of descriptive statistics and bar graphs; then, each dependent variable ...


School Resource Officers' Reports Of Training And Perceptions Of High School Students With Disabilities, Kandace T. Jones Aug 2022

School Resource Officers' Reports Of Training And Perceptions Of High School Students With Disabilities, Kandace T. Jones

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this explanatory sequential, mixed methods research study was to identify the perceptions of school resource officers (SROs) regarding high school students with disabilities and their preparedness to work with this population, as a result of their SRO training. This study involved a national quantitative survey of SROs working in public high schools, followed by one-on-one interviews from the same sample to allow for a deeper analysis of the survey results and develop a theory on how training impacts SRO preparedness and their perceptions of high school students with disabilities. The resulting theory ascertained that the presence of ...


Myside Bias Shifting In The Written Arguments Of First Year Composition Students, Lezlie Christensen-Branum Aug 2022

Myside Bias Shifting In The Written Arguments Of First Year Composition Students, Lezlie Christensen-Branum

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation reports on research conducted to better understand how college student writers learned to work against their own biases as they researched and wrote arguments. I conducted a review of former studies to design a curriculum that would help students avoid bias and increase their ability to write arguments tailored to specific readers in ways that accomplish their goals. This review also informed the kinds of data to be collected and analyzed in order to accomplish the research goal, which was to understand whether and how each of seven students enrolled in a composition course reduced their biases. I ...


Syntactic Complexity In Reading Comprehension: An Eye-Tracking Study Of Text Processing Among Bilinguals And Monolinguals, Guoqin Ding Aug 2022

Syntactic Complexity In Reading Comprehension: An Eye-Tracking Study Of Text Processing Among Bilinguals And Monolinguals, Guoqin Ding

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

For Chinese students, studying in a country with different cultural components and language structures is challenging. Compared to English, the Chinese prefers shorter and simple sentence structure and allows for two sentences to be stated side by side. Different sentence structures in Chinese may influence native-Chinese readers’ understanding of English sentences and even a whole text. This exploratory study examined whether there were any differences between English monolingual and Chinese-English children while reading varied English texts with simple or complex structures at different reading difficulty levels. This study explored the differences across texts and readers, as well as the possible ...


Relationships Between Middle School Students' Adaptive Reasoning When Creating Learner-Generated Drawings And Partner Talk During Inquiry-Based Mathematical Tasks, Angela M. Frabasilio Aug 2022

Relationships Between Middle School Students' Adaptive Reasoning When Creating Learner-Generated Drawings And Partner Talk During Inquiry-Based Mathematical Tasks, Angela M. Frabasilio

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Adaptive reasoning is one of five components students use to develop mathematical expertise and become mathematically proficient. When students adapt their reasoning they are logically thinking about the mathematical relationships between concepts and adapting their thinking to solve problems. Three Act Math Tasks are popular math problems used in schools in which students engage in adaptive reasoning. These types of problems are beneficial to students because they engage students in inquiry-based learning, a kind of learning where students work to pose questions, interpret data, design ways to solve the problem and present their solutions. Little is known about how students ...


An Examination Of The Golden Ratio In General Education Classrooms, Carrie Mclaughlin Aug 2022

An Examination Of The Golden Ratio In General Education Classrooms, Carrie Mclaughlin

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

A large body of research indicates use of praise as a response to appropriate behavior is an effective classroom management strategy to increase appropriate behavior and decrease problem behavior. Since prior research also suggested that teachers tend to have more negative interactions with students than positive ones, use of a specific praise to reprimand ratio is commonly recommended in teacher preparation programs and professional development. However, recommendations regarding the optimal ratio vary and there is limited evidence to support use of any specific ratio. There have also been relatively few studies examining naturally occurring rates of teacher praise, reprimands, and ...


Intra-Operative Language Assessment For Adult Brain Tumor Survivors: A Systematic Review, Carissa Jolley Aug 2022

Intra-Operative Language Assessment For Adult Brain Tumor Survivors: A Systematic Review, Carissa Jolley

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Awake craniotomy and language assessment procedures for brain tumor survivors can drastically affect patient outcomes and quality of life. The goal of intra-operative language mapping is to help preserve vital communicative functions. However, there is currently no standardized set of measures for intra-operative language assessment. This systematic review identified behavioral language measures used during intra-operative procedures and the resulting outcomes for adult brain tumor patients, with the aim of helping clinicians and researchers select intra-operative language assessments supported by the highest levels of evidence.

PRISMA guidelines were used to systematically identify articles. Patient demographic and medical information, neuroimaging data, intra-operative ...


Distance Learning Effects On The Early Elementary Student's Socio-Emotional Development And English Acquisition, Alejandra Irene Escamilla Saldaña, Luisa Fernanda Quintanilla Herrera, Margarita Coronado Fernández Aug 2022

Distance Learning Effects On The Early Elementary Student's Socio-Emotional Development And English Acquisition, Alejandra Irene Escamilla Saldaña, Luisa Fernanda Quintanilla Herrera, Margarita Coronado Fernández

International Graduate Program for Educators Master's Projects

The COVID-19 pandemic impacted all schools throughout the world. Because of this experience, student’s learning may have been affected. This study sought to find if there could have been an effect in student achievement and development after a year of distance learning. Specifically, does an ELL student’s english acquisition, self-regulation and social skills scores lower after a year of distance learning? If there is a negative impact, do these lower scores get bridged to meet expectations after a year of in-person instruction and intervention? In this study, 16 teachers from PK to 2nd grade at ASFM in Monterrey ...