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Full-Text Articles in Education

An Opportunity For Higher Education: Using Social Entrepreneurship Instruction To Mitigate Social Problems, Matthew Kenney Oct 2011

An Opportunity For Higher Education: Using Social Entrepreneurship Instruction To Mitigate Social Problems, Matthew Kenney

Academic Leadership: The Online Journal

Ten elementary school teachers and one Spanish teacher enrolled in Multicultural Children’s and Adolescent Literature expecting to develop a long list of books for their classroom libraries that featured people with brown and black faces. Generally, coming into the course, their primary criterion for appropriate multicultural literature was that it included characters of color. These teachers, students in a graduate reading program, noted repeatedly in course reflection papers and online discussions that they never considered issues of power, privilege, and authenticity in the media in general and in literature in particular prior to their experience in the course. By ...


The Types And Incidence Of Stressors Of Students In The University Of Ghana-Legon, Samuel Atindanbila, Elma Banyenrejoice Oct 2011

The Types And Incidence Of Stressors Of Students In The University Of Ghana-Legon, Samuel Atindanbila, Elma Banyenrejoice

Academic Leadership: The Online Journal

Over the past two decades, theorists and researchers have consistently cited the importance of effective school leadership in relation to improved educational outcomes (Fullan, 2002; Hallinger & Heck, 1998; Leithwood, Jantzi, & Steinbach, 1999; Leithwood, Louis, Anderson, & Wahlstrom, 2004). The Wallace Foundation recently commissioned an exhaustive research project on the relationships between school leadership and student learning, and the authors concluded that “when principals and teachers share leadership, teachers’ working relationships with one another are stronger and student achievement is higher” (Louis, Leithwood, Wahlstrom, & Anderson, 2010, p. 282).


Private Versus Public Schools: A Comparison Of The Percentage Of Third- And Fifth-Grade Students Who Meet Kansas State Proficiency Standards In Reading And Mathematics, Kyle D. Carlin Jul 2011

Private Versus Public Schools: A Comparison Of The Percentage Of Third- And Fifth-Grade Students Who Meet Kansas State Proficiency Standards In Reading And Mathematics, Kyle D. Carlin

Master's Theses

The present study examined the relationship between school sector and academic achievement as measured by the mathematics and reading portions of the Kansas State Assessments. Archival data were used to obtain the percent of third-grade and fifth-grade students who were proficient in mathematics and reading for 919 schools (813 public, 106 private) across Kansas. The data were analyzed to identify extraneous variables that affect academic achievement and to determine if attending private or public schools resulted in higher academic achievement. Results indicate that, after extraneous variables are statistically controlled for, students who attend public schools achieve equal to or higher ...


Domestic Violence And The Education Of The Nigeria Pre – School Child, Gladys Idogo Apr 2011

Domestic Violence And The Education Of The Nigeria Pre – School Child, Gladys Idogo

Academic Leadership: The Online Journal

Literature tells us about three different views of children each relating to different era of civilization. The first is during the Greco – Roman times. During this period children were taken to be miniature adult and this depicted in the acts and paintings of that period. Children were not accorded any special status. As miniature adults, they were allowed to work on the fields and farms with little or no attachments to parents. The second is the medieval period. With the decline of the Greco-Roman civilization, Christianity came to the fore. Under the religious tenets, man was born evil and so ...


Attitudes Of Teachers Toward Teaching Creative Strategies, Kirsten Limpert, Stuart Ervay Jan 2011

Attitudes Of Teachers Toward Teaching Creative Strategies, Kirsten Limpert, Stuart Ervay

Academic Leadership: The Online Journal

Given the recent national emphasis on standards and the use of high stakes tests, American teachers may not have positive attitudes toward teaching creative strategies. It is possible for them to conclude that they will be held accountable primarily for how well students perform on summative tests that are based either on state standards or the new national Core Standards being adopted by many states. With so much emphasis on standards, they may not be acquainted with the New Bloom’s Taxonomy that places creating at the top of learning hierarchy, nor are they likely to be aware of why ...


Examining Preschool And Kindergarten Teachers’ Beliefs About Play In Ghana, Mavis Dako-Gyeke Jan 2011

Examining Preschool And Kindergarten Teachers’ Beliefs About Play In Ghana, Mavis Dako-Gyeke

Academic Leadership: The Online Journal

Children all over the world engage in play. However, there are variations in their play activities. Play is present in all cultures (Singer & Singer, 1990), involves a wide array of behaviors from decisive to indecisive, and continues to be a key area of study from diversified viewpoints, ranging from ecological to cognitive (Sutton-Smith, 1993; Wolfberg & Schuler, 1993). Though categorical, criteria, and continuum approaches have assisted in organizing and classifying play activities, no definition or approach has accurately captured the range of behaviors that could be construed as play (Howard, Jenvey & Hill, 2006; Moyles, 2001). Even though play is defined variously by different authors, The United Nations High Commission for Human Rights has recognized it as a fundamental right of every child because it is a natural universal phenomenon that is essential for children’s optimal learning and development (Frost & Norquist, 2007; Ginsburg, 2007; Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, 1989.


K-12 Educational Funding, One Of America’S Adaptive Challenges, Matthew Sanchez Jan 2011

K-12 Educational Funding, One Of America’S Adaptive Challenges, Matthew Sanchez

Academic Leadership: The Online Journal

The United States Constitution leaves the responsibility of providing K-12 education to the states. All of the states, within their state constitutions, include some type of provision related to education and define, in some manner, the state’s role in providing that education (McCarthy and Deignan, 1982). Although each state may address K-12 funding differently, the expectation is the same. Parents, administrators, teachers, and legislators want students to meet a rigorous set of educational standards. In order to meet these standards, appropriate funds are needed to support the learning environments that students operate in.


Informal Instructional Teacher Leaders: How Principals Can Support Them And Their Effect On Instructional Reform:, Pamela Austen Jul 2010

Informal Instructional Teacher Leaders: How Principals Can Support Them And Their Effect On Instructional Reform:, Pamela Austen

Academic Leadership: The Online Journal

The single case explanatory study of the three elementary schools of a regional school district examined the relationship between the principal, a designated teacher leader, and a peer teacher in three elementary schools, in attempt to learn more about the relational factors that may work to inhibit or support instructional reform efforts. Qualitative analysis procedures were used to analyze data from the interview transcripts, the observational field notes, and documents related to the implementation of the SRBI reform. Two sets of interview transcripts from the nine participants were used along with two sets of observational field notes of the school ...


Full-Day Kindergarten: Ontario, Anne Jefferson Jul 2010

Full-Day Kindergarten: Ontario, Anne Jefferson

Academic Leadership: The Online Journal

January 2010 the Premier of Ontario announced the province was introducing full-day kindergarten as of September 2010. The transition would be over a five year period with 39 schools phasing in full-day learning for four and five year olds at the start of the 2010-2011 school year. What is full-day kindergarten? Miller (2005) provides a clear explanation: “A full-day kindergarten program is a program in which a child attends school each weekday for approximately six hours. Two other types of programs are half-day kindergarten programs, in which the child attends school each weekday for 2½-3 hours in either the morning ...


The Evolving School Improvement Fund, Anne-Maree Ruddy, Ellen Prusinski Jul 2010

The Evolving School Improvement Fund, Anne-Maree Ruddy, Ellen Prusinski

Academic Leadership: The Online Journal

The School Improvement Fund (Section 1003(g) of Title I of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act) recognizes that schools with high percentages of students in poverty may require additional support in order to help their students achieve academic proficiency. As such, the 1003(g) School Improvement Fund has since 2007 provided competitive funding opportunities to Title I schools considered to be in improvement status under the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLB). The Fund has provided vital financial support necessary to make critical improvements in the teaching and learning environment of grantee schools, including enhancing professional development ...


Understanding The Stereotypes Against Gifted Students: A Look At The Social And Emotional Struggles Of Stereotyped Students, Kimberly Ely Jul 2010

Understanding The Stereotypes Against Gifted Students: A Look At The Social And Emotional Struggles Of Stereotyped Students, Kimberly Ely

Academic Leadership: The Online Journal

Approximately 6% of students enrolled in schools in the United States, grades K-12, are classified as ‘gifted’ (NAGC, 2010). This estimates to roughly 3 million children who are of higher academic achievability than average students. Among these gifted students, some struggle with behavioral, emotional, and social development concerns. Their cognitive abilities set them apart from their peers. Their exceptional abilities can cause anxiety, underachievement, and feelings of isolation from the majority of other students. However, for many of these students, it is the stereotypes regarding intelligence that has brought about their struggles, or perpetuated them. This paper will aim to ...


Rti In A Middle School Culture: Fitting And Tailoring The Approach Through Leadership, Elizabeth Alderton-Manzi, Jean Erdmann Jul 2010

Rti In A Middle School Culture: Fitting And Tailoring The Approach Through Leadership, Elizabeth Alderton-Manzi, Jean Erdmann

Academic Leadership: The Online Journal

Educational rhetoric often focuses on assessment, scores, and performance components which can be treated as being discrete. Response to Intervention (RTI) however, provides an opportunity for schools to look at sound, research based educational practices that support student learning through the use of tiered interventions. The tiers are interrelated and action driven. Assessment is one tool within the tiered approach to learning. One of the most important aspects of RTI is that it is meant to be a collaborative, school wide approach to education that brings together teachers, specialists, special education experts, and administration in an effort to help improve ...


Exploring Principal Leadership Roles Within A Community Of Practice To Promote Science Performance Of English Language Learners, David Carrejo, Teresa Cortez, Judy Reinhartz Jan 2010

Exploring Principal Leadership Roles Within A Community Of Practice To Promote Science Performance Of English Language Learners, David Carrejo, Teresa Cortez, Judy Reinhartz

Academic Leadership: The Online Journal

The world we live in continues to become more technologically advanced and educating youth to become productive citizens in an ever-changing global society is vital. The importance and necessity of educating an increasingly diverse student population has become a top priority for Pre-K-16 educators. To meet this challenge and set priorities for serving English Language Learners (ELLs), educators at all levels need to forge a clear vision and shared commitment for fostering “… a sense of belonging and community that inspires collaboration” among its members for the success of all students (Texas Association of School Administrators, 2008, p. 4).


Promoting Effective Home-School Connections For The English Language Learner, Meredith Gibbons Jan 2010

Promoting Effective Home-School Connections For The English Language Learner, Meredith Gibbons

Academic Leadership: The Online Journal

It was a typical day as a reading specialist in Mrs. Kyle’s second grade classroom. It was an energetic classroom of twenty-four students in a small school situated just outside of an urban school district. As Mrs. Kyle instructed the rest of the group, I sat with a small group of remedial reading students in the back of the room. It wasn’t uncommon for a large percentage of English Language Learners (ELL) to be referred to the reading specialist, and subsequently, qualify for reading support services. These students typically received a considerable number of additional services, including reading ...


The Saga Of Diagnosing The Entry Behaviors Of Ghanaian First Graders, Francis Godwyll Jan 2010

The Saga Of Diagnosing The Entry Behaviors Of Ghanaian First Graders, Francis Godwyll

Academic Leadership: The Online Journal

In Ghana, on average, a child enters the first year of the primary school at the age of six because few manage to go to first grade at the age of five. About 30% of these children would have had access to kindergarten or nursery education for at least one year (Ministry of Education, 1995). There are some children who before entering first grade, would have had early education on a continuum from one to three years. Yet, the majority of children will enter the first year in the primary school with no prior exposure to early education. Therefore, they ...


The Role Of The 21st Century Women In The Development Of A Child’S Creative Prowess: Challenges Of Child Art, Adebayo Olaoluwakiitan, M.G. Ikuenomore Jan 2010

The Role Of The 21st Century Women In The Development Of A Child’S Creative Prowess: Challenges Of Child Art, Adebayo Olaoluwakiitan, M.G. Ikuenomore

Academic Leadership: The Online Journal

Developing the child’s creative prowess has become an indispensable venture in the course of a nation’s educational advancement programme. The Government may embark on laudable projects for the teaching/learning activities without achieving positive results if basic fundamental principles are neglected. The basic foundation of any country’s educational system start from Early Childhood education. This stage according to NPE 2004, that is why the government deem it fit to embark on early education for every child. While Policy Makers in Nigeria have seen education as the ‘magic wand’ to solving the diversified problems of mankind, it is ...


School Accreditation: An Opportunity For Administrator Professional Development, Trudy Salsberry, Annie Diederich Jan 2010

School Accreditation: An Opportunity For Administrator Professional Development, Trudy Salsberry, Annie Diederich

Academic Leadership: The Online Journal

School accreditation is generally viewed as a means of assuring quality in terms of programs, personnel, services, and operations. Accreditation in P-12 schools is generally conducted by state agencies and/or non-profit organizations. One prominent non-profit organization, Advanced, is now “involved with 23,000 public and private schools and districts in 30 states and 65 countries and serving nearly 15 million students. This organization is generally considered one of the world’s largest educational communities and the recent creation of Advanced is the beginning of a new journey in the century-long histories of the North Central Association Commission on Accreditation ...


The Right Stuff: Inquiry Training, Teaching & Transfer For Content Mastery In The Sciences, Alice Coe, Ruthanne Thompson Jan 2010

The Right Stuff: Inquiry Training, Teaching & Transfer For Content Mastery In The Sciences, Alice Coe, Ruthanne Thompson

Academic Leadership: The Online Journal

The standardized testing movement has inadvertently placed pressure on elementary and secondary instructors to teach to the test. Primarily this is manifested through memorization and testing skills training and less on developing content mastery and problem solving. Hands-on activities (also referred to as inquiry learning) are lauded by the literature as an effective methodology in the development of content mastery (Akerson, V., Hanson, D., & Cullen, T.; NSF, 2010; Smith, T., Desimone, L., Zeidner, T., Dunn, A., Bhatt, M. & Rumyantseva, N., 2007). Nevertheless, administrators often see the inquiry method as an ineffective use of classroom and training time diverting attention away from test preparation. The research abounds, however, regarding the positive influence hands-on/ inquiry-based learning can have on testing results (Cuevas, P., Lee, O., Hart, J. & Deaktor, R., 2005; Marx, R., Blumenfeld, P. C., Krajcik, J., Fishman, B., Solomay, E., Geier, R. & Tal, R. T., 2004; Stohr- Hunt, P. M., 1996; Ruby, A., 2006; and Ashman, S ...


What Is Rigor?: A Qualitative Analysis Of One School’S Definition, Heather Bower, Joelle Powers Oct 2009

What Is Rigor?: A Qualitative Analysis Of One School’S Definition, Heather Bower, Joelle Powers

Academic Leadership: The Online Journal

In an era of increasing accountability, school administrators and faculties often find themselves amid a plethora of best practices and strategies aimed at improving students’ academic achievement. In the midst of these discussions, school culture is often hailed as the key to creating effective schools because it defines how people within a particular school are to behave and what they are to value (Stolp & Smith, 1995). Furthermore, it allows administrators to draw attention to some of the culture’s most important aspects: its values, beliefs, and assumptions that create the school’s vision for excellence (Stolp & Smith, 1995). Malloy (2005 ...


E Is For Elephant, J Is For Jackass: The Role Of Politics In Education, Michael Miles Apr 2009

E Is For Elephant, J Is For Jackass: The Role Of Politics In Education, Michael Miles

Academic Leadership: The Online Journal

K-12 institutions find themselves under the realm of No Child Left Behind. A central question is, “What does this really mean in terms of the educational world?” State legislatures are more and more influencing the organization and operation of institutions of higher education. It seems that the roles assumed by individuals in education and the roles assumed by individuals in politics have taken drastic, if not cataclysmic changes. No Child Left Behind and state-mandated funding formulas (to mention only a few) are not the only times in which educators and institutions have found themselves inundated by politics. The days of ...


Rethinking Education From First Principles, Carolyn Osborne Jan 2009

Rethinking Education From First Principles, Carolyn Osborne

Academic Leadership: The Online Journal

The resulting project was “What Difference Does Instruction Make?” I asked students to collect data on their students, record the nature of instruction given, and then collect data following the instruction. They were to analyze the differences between the pre- and post-instruction data. The project was made flexible to accommodate the variety of field placements they could experience, so they could do their project on a single student, on a small group, or on the whole class. The instruction in the project could be on any topic and did not have to be taught by the student him or herself ...


Assessing Student Achievement The Right Way: A Study Of Practicing Teachers, James Williams Oct 2007

Assessing Student Achievement The Right Way: A Study Of Practicing Teachers, James Williams

Academic Leadership: The Online Journal

The purpose of this study was to determine the opinions of practicing teachers in the state of Georgia regarding the most important assessment practices in K-12 public schools. In addition, the study was conducted to provide findings to enhance assessment of student achievement practices in Georgia’s K-12 public schools. Finally, the study was conducted to provide a basis for further research in the area of determining the most effective assessment of student achievement practices in Georgia’s K-12 public schools.


Pssa Panic And Paranoia: Effects On Student Teachers, Linda Dessoye Jul 2007

Pssa Panic And Paranoia: Effects On Student Teachers, Linda Dessoye

Academic Leadership: The Online Journal

It has been several years since the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) was renamed the No Child Left Behind Act. In this major expansion of the federal role in education, the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act of 2001 required annual testing, specified a method for judging school effectiveness, set a timeline for progress, and established specific consequences in the case of failure (Wenning, 2003). The Washington Post referred to it as the “broadest rewriting of federal education policy in decades”(Milbank, 2002). The effects of the overwhelming pressure to perform well on the Pennsylvania System of School Assessment ...


Virtual Schools: An Ethical Option, Nancy Nicholson, Judy Nelms, Caroline Mariano, Kathy Jabbot Jul 2006

Virtual Schools: An Ethical Option, Nancy Nicholson, Judy Nelms, Caroline Mariano, Kathy Jabbot

Academic Leadership: The Online Journal

An odyssey of civil rights in education has been taking place in America over the last 16 years. The school choice issue has heated up in the last decade and a half, traversing the years from 1990, with the first urban school choice program in Wisconsin, to 2006, with a suit filed against Los Angeles Unified Schools for lack of cooperation in informing parents of educational options available. The core argument is that parents, not government, should have the primary responsibility and economic power to determine where and how their children should be educated. This is a basic ethical, philosophical ...


Leadership Practices Of Elementary School Principals, Timothy Pingle Apr 2006

Leadership Practices Of Elementary School Principals, Timothy Pingle

Academic Leadership: The Online Journal

A variety of recommendations have been suggested during the past two decades in response to the need to improve America’s schools. The effect of leadership on a school frequently emerges as a key component in achieving significant school reform. Many leadership models and specific behaviors for school principals have been presented and discussed in the literature.


New And Old South Elementary School, Gary Peters Jul 2005

New And Old South Elementary School, Gary Peters

Academic Leadership: The Online Journal

A case study of demographics in elementary schools.


The Growth Of Elementary And Secondary Education In Russell County, Kansas, Elmer L. Dougherty Aug 1940

The Growth Of Elementary And Secondary Education In Russell County, Kansas, Elmer L. Dougherty

Master's Theses

Throughout this work we shall carry one phase of the growth of education as it applies to a restricted geographical area. We must note from the beginning that the available material is very fragmentary even in a country whose existence spans only slightly more than half a century. No attempt was made by school administrators to keep an accurate history of their school systems. Records have been lost or misplaced. As a result, at this date it is impossible to clearly picture every part of the whole educational system within this restricted area , but the evidence which is still available ...


A Comparison Of The Content Of Text Books In Geography In Relation To The Major Objectives To Be Obtained, Milo G. Stock May 1936

A Comparison Of The Content Of Text Books In Geography In Relation To The Major Objectives To Be Obtained, Milo G. Stock

Master's Theses

The problem of this thesis is to determine how nearly certain selected textbooks of recent date in geography are adapted to attain objectives of geography found listed in published authoritative sources in the field of geography. The thesis is limited in its scope in that it uses only the second book of the series, in the texts thus in a measure getting the same level of material in each case.


Supplementary Reading Materials For Primary Grades Based On Children's Reading Interests And On Natural And Factual Data Pertaining To Kansas, Miriam Picking May 1935

Supplementary Reading Materials For Primary Grades Based On Children's Reading Interests And On Natural And Factual Data Pertaining To Kansas, Miriam Picking

Master's Theses

Childhood education has made rapid advancement during the past quarter of a century. It is no longer considered by leading educators as something to be imposed from without, but is rather thought of as the gradual unfolding of life from within. This modern concept includes both the child and the subject matter to be taught. From the child's point of view such factors as innate ability, social traits, also the physical development as well as mental development, as well as mental development, serve as guides in setting up goals of achievement for the primary school grades. In the selection ...


State Legislation And State Board Rulings Relating To Superintendents Of Schools, C. A. Clark Aug 1933

State Legislation And State Board Rulings Relating To Superintendents Of Schools, C. A. Clark

Master's Theses

The problem of this thesis is to show what specific legislation the states now have in force relating to superintendents of schools and also to what extent state board rulings now in effect relate to them. No attempt is made to determine what legislation or rulings should be made by the states or state boards. It is merely a compilation of laws and regulations as they now exist. The thesis embraces a study of the latest available school laws of each state and additional information relating to state board rulings, secured from letters or pamphlets received from the offices of ...