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Full-Text Articles in Education

Far Beyond Post-Secondary: Longitudinal Analyses Of Topic And Citation Networks In The Field Of Higher Education Studies, Rachel A. Smith, Michael G. Brown Jan 2020

Far Beyond Post-Secondary: Longitudinal Analyses Of Topic And Citation Networks In The Field Of Higher Education Studies, Rachel A. Smith, Michael G. Brown

Education Publications

As attendees at the Association for the Study of Higher Education (ASHE) annual conference plot their schedules, they are met with an array of choices. The multitude of topical areas, methods, theories, and perspectives on display at any given ASHE conference suggests a rich and diverse vibrancy of scholarship. But such perceived diversity often conceals areas of conflict. Whose voice is being heard? What paper topic seems to fit on which panel or in which section? What is eventually published? The academic study of higher education, like any field of knowledge, has emerging structures and undergoes dynamic changes with potentially ...


Much Bigger Than A Hamburger: Disrupting Problematic Picturebook Depictions Of The Civil Rights Movement, Noreen Naseem Rodriguez, Amanda E. Vickery Jan 2020

Much Bigger Than A Hamburger: Disrupting Problematic Picturebook Depictions Of The Civil Rights Movement, Noreen Naseem Rodriguez, Amanda E. Vickery

Education Publications

While more diverse children's literature about youth activism is available than ever before, popular picturebooks often perpetuate problematic tropes about the Civil Rights Movement. In this article, we conduct a critical content analysis of the award-winning picturebook The Youngest Marcher and contrast the book's content to a critical race counterstory of the Movement focused on the collective struggle for justice in the face of racial violence. We argue for the need to engage students in critical race media literacy and offer ways to nuance the limited narratives often found in children's literature.


Learning With Social Media: Bringing Popular Platforms Into The Classroom To Develop Literacy, Identity, And Citizenship, Benjamin W. Gleason Nov 2019

Learning With Social Media: Bringing Popular Platforms Into The Classroom To Develop Literacy, Identity, And Citizenship, Benjamin W. Gleason

Education Publications

Walk into almost any secondary school today and you’ll see students seemingly glued to their phones. A study from 2018 revealed that almost 50% of youth are online “almost constantly” and they’re often engaging with social media, whether watching videos on YouTube, participating in the latest dance craze on TikTok, checking Facebook, or making videos on Snapchat. Through these sites, young people are creating sophisticated digital stories, finding and sharing relevant information, contributing to current discussions and, in short, developing digital literacy, digital citizenship, language, and other valuable 21st-century skills.


Patterns Of Silent Reading Rate And Comprehension As A Function Of Developmental Status, Genre, And Text Position, Emily Hayden, Elfrieda H. Hiebert, Guy Trainin Oct 2019

Patterns Of Silent Reading Rate And Comprehension As A Function Of Developmental Status, Genre, And Text Position, Emily Hayden, Elfrieda H. Hiebert, Guy Trainin

Education Publications

This study examined how comprehension-based silent reading rate (CBSRR) is affected by grade, genre, and text position. Second and fourth graders read 2 grade-specific passages (one narrative, one informational) in 4 sections, each followed by 4 comprehension questions. Analyses of rate with a criterion level of comprehension showed higher performances on informational than narrative texts and better performances as students moved through sections of a text. Percentages of students attaining CBSRR decreased across the four sections of both genres and at both grade levels. Implications of findings are discussed and question are raised about text complexity and silent reading patterns.


“See, You Can Make Connections With The Things You Learned Before!” Using The Grr To Scaffold Language And Concept Learning In Science, H. Emily Hayden Aug 2019

“See, You Can Make Connections With The Things You Learned Before!” Using The Grr To Scaffold Language And Concept Learning In Science, H. Emily Hayden

Education Publications

This chapter details the methods one expert teacher used to make her own learning the object of inquiry, simultaneously developing the insights and the strategies she needed to mentor students. It describes how Ann infused the GRR into planning and instruction to create learning experiences that insured student success, even if only at incremental levels. Ann’s methods can thus become a model for other teachers who wish to enhance their students’ learning of science language and concepts through infusion of literacy activity.


21st-Century Skills And Science Inquiry: Using Self-Directed Inquiry To Spark Interest And Promote Research Skills., Emily Hayden Mar 2019

21st-Century Skills And Science Inquiry: Using Self-Directed Inquiry To Spark Interest And Promote Research Skills., Emily Hayden

Education Publications

Any online search for "21st-century skills" produces a wealth of graphics, lists, and tips. The internet is a treasure trove of literacy activities that build upon these skills, including the abilities to read, write, synthesize information, make critical judgments, and present learning. But what about students who do not engage eagerly in reading and writing, resisting because of lack of skills, confidence, or interest? Kindling a spark of interest can be difficult, and the last thing we want to do is extinguish it.


Preservice Teachers’ Mathematics Task Modification For Emergent Bilinguals, Ji-Yeong I Feb 2019

Preservice Teachers’ Mathematics Task Modification For Emergent Bilinguals, Ji-Yeong I

Education Publications

Implementing mathematically challenging tasks is difficult for teachers when working with emergent bilinguals because cognitively demanding tasks in mathematics commonly have high language demand. Currently, inadequate teacher preparation for teaching emergent bilinguals is becoming a significant concern in the United States as this population of students is rapidly growing. This study investigated how two mathematics preservice teachers (PSTs) support middle school emergent bilinguals to understand cognitively demanding mathematical problems through task modification. Fieldwork with a concurrent intervention was designed for the PSTs to work with emergent bilinguals in a one‐on‐one setting. The PSTs modified cognitively demanding mathematics tasks ...


Tuition Discounting At Small, Private, Baccalaureate Institutions: Reaching A Point Of No Return?, Luke Behaunek, Ann M. Gansemer-Topf Jan 2019

Tuition Discounting At Small, Private, Baccalaureate Institutions: Reaching A Point Of No Return?, Luke Behaunek, Ann M. Gansemer-Topf

Education Publications

This paper describes relationships between tuition discounting (TD), net tuition revenue, and other institutional characteristics at four-year, liberal arts institutions. TD, a practice whereby institutional grants are used to subsidize a student’s educational expense, has become a common practice at four-year institutions. TDs impact on enrollments, financial aid, and budgets continues to increase, raising concerns about the long-term sustainability of the practice. Drawing upon Breneman’s (1994) economic theory of four-year private institutions, this research examined trends in student characteristics, enrollment, institutional grants, and net tuition revenue (NTR) and the relationship between TD practices NTR. Analyzing panel data of ...


Revisiting Multiplication Area Models For Whole Numbers, Oh-Hoon Kwon, Ji-Won Son, Ji Yeong I Jan 2019

Revisiting Multiplication Area Models For Whole Numbers, Oh-Hoon Kwon, Ji-Won Son, Ji Yeong I

Education Publications

We argue that there are two conceptually different area models for whole number multiplication: area-to-area model and lengths-to-area model depending on how multiplication operation is conceived: action on / change of an initial quantity, or operation / coordination of two quantities. These models complement each other to promote students’ conceptual understanding of whole number multiplication and help students extend their understanding of whole number multiplication to fraction multiplication.


Gaining Access To The Language Of Science: A Research Partnership For Disciplined, Discursive Ways To Select And Assess Vocabulary Knowledge, Emily Hayden, Anupma Singh, Michelle Eades-Baird Jan 2019

Gaining Access To The Language Of Science: A Research Partnership For Disciplined, Discursive Ways To Select And Assess Vocabulary Knowledge, Emily Hayden, Anupma Singh, Michelle Eades-Baird

Education Publications

To equalize access to science learning across genders and demographic groups, access to the disciplinary language of science is one place to start. The language of science is highly challenging and specialized, and difficulties acquiring this language contribute to disparities in science achievement across diverse student groups. This study used a pre/post design to analyze effectiveness of a brief classroom science vocabulary assessment designed to assess receptive and productive vocabulary knowledge across multiple sections of one seventh-grade science teacher’s class. Vocabulary was selected and analysis conducted by an interdisciplinary research partnership, including the science teacher, a literacy specialist ...


Misconceptions On Part-Part-Whole Proportional Relationships Using Proportional Division Problems, Ji-Yeong I, Ricardo Martinez, Barbara Dougherty Nov 2018

Misconceptions On Part-Part-Whole Proportional Relationships Using Proportional Division Problems, Ji-Yeong I, Ricardo Martinez, Barbara Dougherty

Education Publications

This study focuses on proportional division, a specific problem type of proportions and proportional relationships, which embeds a part-part-whole relationship. We investigated how students in grades 6 to 9 solved and perceived three proportional division problems. Analysis of the students’ performance on the tasks revealed three types of misconceptions emerged in solving proportional division problems: regarding a ratio as a number, additive reasoning, and confusion about the whole. Confusion about the whole was the misconception that appeared most frequently across all grades. This finding suggests teachers should provide various types of proportional problems, especially with part-part-whole ratios. Proportional division is ...


Four Approaches To Building Extension Program Evaluation Capacity, Nancy K. Franz, Thomas Archibald Aug 2018

Four Approaches To Building Extension Program Evaluation Capacity, Nancy K. Franz, Thomas Archibald

Education Publications

Extension educators are expected to more fully evaluate programs. In response, evaluation capacity building (ECB) is a necessary component of Extension educator professional development. One size rarely fits all; ECB more likely succeeds if it is well aligned with the educator's evaluation needs and the type of educational effort. Four approaches to Extension work have been documented—service, facilitation, content transmission, and transformative education. These approaches require different evaluation measures and therefore different forms of ECB.


Student-Centered Pedagogy: Using Moses’ Five-Step Approach As A Scaffolding Framework To Teach Diverse Learners, Ruth Ahn, Ji Yeong I, Justin White, Liane Monroy, Nicole Tronske Aug 2018

Student-Centered Pedagogy: Using Moses’ Five-Step Approach As A Scaffolding Framework To Teach Diverse Learners, Ruth Ahn, Ji Yeong I, Justin White, Liane Monroy, Nicole Tronske

Education Publications

In this article, two teacher educators and three preservice teachers reflect on the critical role Moses’ Five-Step Approach (Moses & Cobb, 2001) played as a scaffolding pedagogical framework in preservice teacher and faculty learning. Using Moses’ approach to frame their presentations, preservice teachers work in their groups to teach abstract Educational Psychology concepts to actively engage classmates from diverse backgrounds. During this process, the presenters co-construct knowledge with their peers and instructor, applying the framework by putting common activities and everyday language first before teaching abstract concepts and academic language. The authors, including a preservice teacher who also teaches a university ...


On A Continuum: Examining Ncore's Influence In The Development Of Multicultural Competence In Student Affairs Educators, Jennifer Lynn Plagman-Galvin, Ann M. Gansemer-Topf Apr 2018

On A Continuum: Examining Ncore's Influence In The Development Of Multicultural Competence In Student Affairs Educators, Jennifer Lynn Plagman-Galvin, Ann M. Gansemer-Topf

Education Publications

Multiculturally competent student affairs educators are required to effectively meet the needs of today’s diverse student population. However, little is known about how educators acquire these skills. This study examined the multicultural awareness, knowledge, and skills gained by student affairs educators through their participation in NCORE, an experiential conference exploring race and ethnicity. Results of the study have implications for graduate preparation programs and professional development opportunities for student affairs educators.


Reframing Rigor: A Modern Look At Challenge And Support In Higher Education, Corbin M. Campbell, Deniece Dortch, Brian A. Burt Mar 2018

Reframing Rigor: A Modern Look At Challenge And Support In Higher Education, Corbin M. Campbell, Deniece Dortch, Brian A. Burt

Education Publications

What is “hard” about college? The concept of academic rigor has been remarkably narrowly defined in contemporary higher education. Rigor is often equated with hard work in terms of the number of hours students spend studying or the quantity of assignments—or “piling on” a lot of work for students (Arum & Roksa, 2011). Alternatively, as derived from the recent K–12 standards movement in the No Child Left Behind act, rigor may be seen as an advanced level of curriculum (achieving mastery of prespecified content; for example, less rigorous algebra versus more rigorous calculus) (Matusevich, O'Connor, & Hargett, 2009). Yet, if we ask students what was “hard” about college academics—many other understandings may emerge—perhaps what was “hard” was maintaining one's identity while learning material that does not align with one's cultural values. Perhaps what was “challenging” was shifting basic assumptions that have been a core part of an individual’s experiences. Or, perhaps, the “rigor” was learning scholarly writing in a second language. Perhaps what was “hard” was learning to move from memorizing facts to analyzing and evaluating them—becoming a producer and interpreter rather than a consumer of information. Perhaps what was “hard” was coming to see oneself as an academic. All of these can be seen as a challenge of the academic experience at college—and resolving each of these challenges has been associated with student learning (Braxton, 1993; Castillo‐Montoya, 2017; Castillo‐Montoya & Torres‐Guzmán, 2012; Fries‐Britt, Johnson, & Burt, 2013; Neumann, 2014).


The Landscape Of Rural Service Learning, And What It Teaches Us All, Nancy K. Franz Jan 2018

The Landscape Of Rural Service Learning, And What It Teaches Us All, Nancy K. Franz

Education Publications

Community-engaged scholars know that understanding the community context is critical for successful communitybased learning that results in community development. As a rural-focused and mostly rural-based educator, I’ve been surprised at the lack of attention over the decades by university– community engagement scholars to the characteristics, opportunities, challenges, and impacts of rural service-learning. The Rural Alliance for Service Learning has attempted to address this gap in the literature by publishing this 19-chapter anthology of interesting experiences, research, and insights about service-learning in rural America with a predominant focus on the upper Midwest.


How Signaling Principle Affects Learning: An Eye Tracking Study, Mehmet Donmez, Sibel Dogan, Evrim Baran Jan 2018

How Signaling Principle Affects Learning: An Eye Tracking Study, Mehmet Donmez, Sibel Dogan, Evrim Baran

Education Publications

Studies examining the effects of signaling principle on learning mostly used data sources such as interviews, achievement tests and think aloud protocols. There is, however, limited research on the use of quantitative measures to promote findings from interviews and think aloud procedures. This study aimed to investigate the effects of signaling principle on learning by supporting the results with the eye movement data. Participants included 34 Information and Communication Technology (ICT) pre-service teachers divided into experimental and control groups randomly. Participants were presented with two types of MS Power Point presentations with and without highlighted clues as multimedia material. Participants ...


In Search Of Mirrors: An Asian Critical Race Theory Content Analysis Of Asian American Picturebooks From 2007 To 2017, Noreen N. Rodriguez, Esther J. Kim Jan 2018

In Search Of Mirrors: An Asian Critical Race Theory Content Analysis Of Asian American Picturebooks From 2007 To 2017, Noreen N. Rodriguez, Esther J. Kim

Education Publications

Grounded in Asian critical race theory, this critical content analysis examines Asian American representation in 21 picturebooks published from 2007 to 2017.


Taking The Long View By Focusing On Description: Examining Bias, Agency, And The Messy Parts Of Teaching, Mary B. Mcvee, Lynn E. Shanahan, H. Emily Hayden, Fenice B. Boyd, P. David Pearson Jan 2018

Taking The Long View By Focusing On Description: Examining Bias, Agency, And The Messy Parts Of Teaching, Mary B. Mcvee, Lynn E. Shanahan, H. Emily Hayden, Fenice B. Boyd, P. David Pearson

Education Publications

Many times, teaching is viewed only in terms of the end product: what a lesson produces in terms of student learning. This all-or-nothing view ignores the many complicated components of teaching. Consider how this idea of teaching as a singular product is communicated. Some common sayings about teachers are: “Teachers are born, not made” or “Those who can, do. Those who can’t, teach.” These sayings and the ideologies behind them suggest that good teaching is an inborn trait or singular action: you’ve either got it or you don’t. But what if teaching were viewed as a layered ...


The Benefits Of Investing In High Quality Professional Development For Community College Faculty In Texas, Erin E. Doran Apr 2017

The Benefits Of Investing In High Quality Professional Development For Community College Faculty In Texas, Erin E. Doran

Education Publications

This study is drawn from data collected for a larger study on the implementation of integrated reading and writing at the developmental level at one Texas community college. To protect sources, the name of the targeted college has been changed, and a pseudonym has been substituted. Three faculty members interviewed for this study were trained and taught within the Dream Catchers program at Adelante College, one of the first colleges to adopt the Dream Catchers Program, which bases its pedagogy and professional development practices on the model of the Puente Project, a national model for student success housed at the ...


Auditing Inequity: Teaching Aspiring Administrators To Be Social Justice Leaders, Frank Hernandez, Joanne M. Marshall Feb 2017

Auditing Inequity: Teaching Aspiring Administrators To Be Social Justice Leaders, Frank Hernandez, Joanne M. Marshall

Education Publications

While much has been written about preparing educational leaders to lead for social justice, much less has been written about how to do so. This study is one of the first to analyze the reflections and written assignments of aspiring administrators to determine what they are currently thinking about poverty, race and ethnicity, and social justice leadership and how that thinking is shaped throughout one course. Results indicate that students were variable in their individual reflections, but that assignments which required them to analyze the inequities in their schools and develop an implementation plan led all of these aspiring administrators ...


Evaluate Naturally And Quickly With Just-In-Time Program Evaluation, Nancy K. Franz, John F. Munsell, Tiffany N. Brown, Holly K. Chittum Feb 2017

Evaluate Naturally And Quickly With Just-In-Time Program Evaluation, Nancy K. Franz, John F. Munsell, Tiffany N. Brown, Holly K. Chittum

Education Publications

A just-in-time evaluation approach can help Extension professionals expand their program evaluation readiness, interest, and competence. A pilot test of this efficient approach helped organizers of a forest farming conference determine important information about the event's processes and content to be better positioned for future work. The conference evaluation team and conference participants enjoyed this approach that integrated evaluation methods and evaluative thinking into all the conference activities. This approach to evaluation is especially appropriate for gathering real-time data for determining the value of educational processes taking place while making evaluation more visible and easier to accomplish.


Competencies Needed For Entry-Level Student Affairs Work: Views From Mid-Level Professionals, Ann M. Gansemer-Topf, Andrew Ryder Jan 2017

Competencies Needed For Entry-Level Student Affairs Work: Views From Mid-Level Professionals, Ann M. Gansemer-Topf, Andrew Ryder

Education Publications

The ACPA/NASPA Professional Competencies for Student Affairs were designed to articulate skills needed for effective practice. However, since its first publication in 2010, little research has been done to understand whether these competencies align with the skills needed to be successful student affairs professionals. This qualitative study examined mid-level supervisors’ perceptions of the skills needed for effective entry-level student affairs work and compared these responses to the ACPA/NASPA competencies. Mid-level manager’s perceptions of skills aligned with stated competencies with some minor discrepancies noted. These findings have implications for practice, graduate preparation programs, potential revisions to the competencies ...


Walking The Line Between Reality And Fiction In Online Spaces: Understanding The Effects Of Narrative Transportation, Sarah Gretter, Aman Yadav, Benjamin W. Gleason Jan 2017

Walking The Line Between Reality And Fiction In Online Spaces: Understanding The Effects Of Narrative Transportation, Sarah Gretter, Aman Yadav, Benjamin W. Gleason

Education Publications

Recent contentions about "fake news" and misinformation online has shed light on the critical need for media literacy at a global scale. Indeed, digital stories are one of the main forms of communication in the 21st century through blogs, videos-sharing websites, forums, or social networks. However, the line between facts and fiction can often become blurry in these online spaces, and being able to distinguish between reality and fantasy can have important consequences in the lives of young Internet users. Using contemporary examples from news stories, fan- fiction, advertising, and radicalization, this article outlines the features, affordances, and real-life implications ...


Definitions Matter: Investigating And Comparing Different Operationalizations Of Academic Undermatching, Ann M. Gansemer-Topf, Jillian Downey, Ulrike Genschel Jan 2017

Definitions Matter: Investigating And Comparing Different Operationalizations Of Academic Undermatching, Ann M. Gansemer-Topf, Jillian Downey, Ulrike Genschel

Education Publications

Effective assessment practice requires clearly defining and operationalizing terminology. We illustrate the importance of this practice by focusing on academic “undermatching”—when students enroll in colleges that are less academically selective than those for which they are academically prepared. Undermatching has been viewed as a potential obstacle in the United States’ goal of increasing degree attainment but operationalizing undermatching is difficult. Using ELS: 2002, a national dataset from the U.S. Department of Education National Center for Education Statistics (NCES, 2014), we developed eight operationalizations of undermatching by altering three commonly used variables. We then compared the number and demographics ...


Improved Student Learning Through A Faculty Learning Community: How Faculty Collaboration Transformed A Large-Enrollment Course From Lecture To Student Centered, Emily R. Elliott, Robert D. Reason, Clark R. Coffman, Eric J. Gangloff, Jeffrey R. Raker, Jo Anne Powell-Coffman, Craig Ogilvie Jul 2016

Improved Student Learning Through A Faculty Learning Community: How Faculty Collaboration Transformed A Large-Enrollment Course From Lecture To Student Centered, Emily R. Elliott, Robert D. Reason, Clark R. Coffman, Eric J. Gangloff, Jeffrey R. Raker, Jo Anne Powell-Coffman, Craig Ogilvie

Education Publications

Undergraduate introductory biology courses are changing based on our growing understanding of how students learn and rapid scientific advancement in the biological sciences. At Iowa State University, faculty instructors are transforming a second-semester large-enrollment introductory biology course to include active learning within the lecture setting. To support this change, we set up a faculty learning community (FLC) in which instructors develop new pedagogies, adapt active-learning strategies to large courses, discuss challenges and progress, critique and revise classroom interventions, and share materials. We present data on how the collaborative work of the FLC led to increased implementation of active-learning strategies and ...


The “Affirmative Action Hire”: Leading Inclusively In Diverse Religious Communities, Joanne M. Marshall, Tyson E. J. Marsh Mar 2016

The “Affirmative Action Hire”: Leading Inclusively In Diverse Religious Communities, Joanne M. Marshall, Tyson E. J. Marsh

Education Publications

This case tells the story of a new principal who wants to lead inclusively by including people of all religious and non-religious beliefs. When she questions some of the existing practices in her school, she faces resistance from school members and from the community, who question her identity, her intentions, and her authority. The case is intended for use in leadership courses and highlights some dilemmas of inclusive leadership around religion, as well as those found in the intersectionality of religion, race, and gender.


Review Of: Transcribing Silence: Culture, Relationships, And Communication By Kristine L. Muñoz, Left Coast Press, 2014, Carla A. Mcnelly Feb 2016

Review Of: Transcribing Silence: Culture, Relationships, And Communication By Kristine L. Muñoz, Left Coast Press, 2014, Carla A. Mcnelly

Education Publications

In the 15th book in the series Writing Lives, Ethnographic Narratives, edited by Arthur P. Bochner and Carolyn Ellis, Kristine L. Muñoz challenges us to look to the silent moments of our ethnographic transcriptions for additional meaning. Transcribing Silence: Culture, Relationships, and Communication leads us through an approach to our scholarly ethnographic work by sharing her own silent academic and personal experiences, whereby the reader escapes the tyranny of the local into the specificity of the personal.


A Holistic Model Of Engaged Scholarship: Telling The Story Across Higher Education’S Missions, Nancy K. Franz Jan 2016

A Holistic Model Of Engaged Scholarship: Telling The Story Across Higher Education’S Missions, Nancy K. Franz

Education Publications

Faculty and administrators still struggle to practice and support a holistic approach to engaged scholarship. Many institutions have created a culture of engaged scholarship, yet faculty are looking for practical ways to plan, implement, and reflect on engaged scholarship due to productivity expectations. New faculty are often drawn to the idea of engaged scholarship but don’t know where to start or how to frame their work in a way that appeals to promotion and tenure committees. To address these issues, the holistic model of engaged scholarship presented here provides a definition of engaged scholarship, six practice and storytelling leverage ...


Wakonse: A Case Study In Organizational Sustainability, Michelle L. Boettcher, Ann M. Gansemer-Topf Apr 2015

Wakonse: A Case Study In Organizational Sustainability, Michelle L. Boettcher, Ann M. Gansemer-Topf

Education Publications

Organizations are built on interactions among leaders, members and the larger culture (Schein, 1990; Sessa & London, 2006). Beyond the people and communities of which they are a part, organizations carry history and face issues of both internal and external change. The combination of people, culture, organizational history and change set the stage for whether organizations can successfully learn and remain sustainable. Very little research has been done on a case study level regarding how organizations – specifically those that address higher education needs – begin, evolve, and adapt to change. This study seeks to fill that gap by looking at the specific ...