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Full-Text Articles in Education

Citizenship Education In Pakistani Schools: Problems And Possibilities, Bernadette L. Dean Dec 2005

Citizenship Education In Pakistani Schools: Problems And Possibilities, Bernadette L. Dean

Institute for Educational Development, Karachi

A critical aspect of education that is often overlooked or inadequately addressed is the preparation of school students for citizenship. This paper assesses the current state of citizenship education in Pakistani schools. It draws on the findings of two research studies: an analysis of the social studies curriculum and textbooks and a review of teaching and learning practices in schools. The findings indicate that the curriculum and textbooks do not distinguish between Islamic education and citizenship education and promotes exclusionary and passive citizenship. They also shows that while Pakistani students acquire knowledge and learn some important values in schools, they ...


Post-Colonialism: Informing Adult Education Research In Developing Countries, Morag C. Burke Nov 2005

Post-Colonialism: Informing Adult Education Research In Developing Countries, Morag C. Burke

Adult Education Research Conference

Adult education in post-independence developing countries resides within the context of national and local conditions which are connected to the legacy of colonialism. Adult education has been an integral part of development and decolonization in these countries and post-colonialism provides a valuable theoretical frame for adult education researchers working in these contexts.


On Malefic Generosity, Repressive Tolerance And Post-Colonial Condescension: Considerations On White Adult Educators Racializing Adult Education Discourse, Stephen Brookfield Nov 2005

On Malefic Generosity, Repressive Tolerance And Post-Colonial Condescension: Considerations On White Adult Educators Racializing Adult Education Discourse, Stephen Brookfield

Adult Education Research Conference

When White adult educators engage with the work of authors of color they often mean to treat these respectfully and to ensure these ideas are not marginalized by other Whites. However, in a racist and sexist society the racial group membership and socio-political location of White authors means they can easily end up promoting malefic generosity, repressive tolerance and post-colonial condescension.


Beyond The Inquiring Mind: Cyril Houle’S Connection To Self-Directed Learning, Ralph G. Brockett, Robert C. Donaghy Nov 2005

Beyond The Inquiring Mind: Cyril Houle’S Connection To Self-Directed Learning, Ralph G. Brockett, Robert C. Donaghy

Adult Education Research Conference

This paper examines the early development of self-directed learning as an area of study and practice using Cyril Houle as the point of departure. Through a variety of sources, a perspective is offered on how self-directed learning gained a foothold as a viable area of inquiry in adult education.


African American Managers Experiences In Companies Identified As “Learning Organizations”, Trammell L. Bristol Nov 2005

African American Managers Experiences In Companies Identified As “Learning Organizations”, Trammell L. Bristol

Adult Education Research Conference

This paper summarizes the results of a qualitative study where the purpose was to explore how the learning organization impacted African American managers. Based on these findings, practice and future research for HRD and adult education is suggested.


Learning At Highlander: A Template For Transformative Adult Education, Donna J. G Brian Ed.D., Olga Elbert Ph.D. Nov 2005

Learning At Highlander: A Template For Transformative Adult Education, Donna J. G Brian Ed.D., Olga Elbert Ph.D.

Adult Education Research Conference

This study takes a retrospective look at Highlander Research and Education Center through the eyes of several adult educators who participated, over the years, in Highlander workshops and events. Their collective experiences are summarized and analyzed and form the basis for a comparison to modern day transformative adult education.


Black And White Attorneys’ Perspectives On Race, The Legal System, And Continuing Legal Education, Lorenzo Bowman J.D., Ph.D. Nov 2005

Black And White Attorneys’ Perspectives On Race, The Legal System, And Continuing Legal Education, Lorenzo Bowman J.D., Ph.D.

Adult Education Research Conference

This paper summarizes the findings of a qualitative study which sought to determine Black and White attorneys’ perspectives on race, the legal system, and their level of support for the inclusion of race-related topics in continuing legal education (CLE). The White attorneys were supportive of the status quo. The Black attorneys agreed that CLE should address the issue of race and that the status quo was not acceptable.


Trowels, Trenches, And Transformation: A Case Study Of Archaeologists Learning, Teaching, And Enacting Environmentally-Friendly, Community-Inclusive Practices, George J. Bey Iii, Jennifer A. Sandlin Nov 2005

Trowels, Trenches, And Transformation: A Case Study Of Archaeologists Learning, Teaching, And Enacting Environmentally-Friendly, Community-Inclusive Practices, George J. Bey Iii, Jennifer A. Sandlin

Adult Education Research Conference

Guided by the framework of “critical transformative learning,” this study explores archaeologists as adult learners and seeks to understand how they are learning to practice a new vision of archaeology in Mexico. In this project, personal transformation is linked to disciplinary and social transformation.


The Multiple Meanings Of “Hybrid”: Studying Adult Student Experiences In Hybrid (Web-Enhanced) Classes While Learning How To Do Qualitative Research, Thomas V. Bettinger, Elizabeth J. Tisdell, B. Gail Marshall, Sharon M. Statue, Donna Snelson, Christine Quimby Nov 2005

The Multiple Meanings Of “Hybrid”: Studying Adult Student Experiences In Hybrid (Web-Enhanced) Classes While Learning How To Do Qualitative Research, Thomas V. Bettinger, Elizabeth J. Tisdell, B. Gail Marshall, Sharon M. Statue, Donna Snelson, Christine Quimby

Adult Education Research Conference

This paper has a two-fold or “hybrid” purpose: (1) to discuss the results of a qualitative study of adult students experiences of web-enhanced or hybrid classes, and (2) to briefly discuss the process of learning to do qualitative research while conducting this study in a qualitative research methods class.


“I Let Him Set The Pace:” Volunteer Tutors’ Perspectives On Teaching In Adult Literacy Programs And Their Implications For Training, Alisa Belzer Nov 2005

“I Let Him Set The Pace:” Volunteer Tutors’ Perspectives On Teaching In Adult Literacy Programs And Their Implications For Training, Alisa Belzer

Adult Education Research Conference

This paper reports on the roles that volunteer tutors in one-to-one adult literacy programs adopt with regard to instructional goals and lesson management. It suggests the importance of rethinking tutor training, and raises questions about the importance of instructor role in this adult learning context


The Simpsons And Democracy Political Apathy, Popular Culture, And Lifelong Learning As Satire, Paul Armstron Oct 2005

The Simpsons And Democracy Political Apathy, Popular Culture, And Lifelong Learning As Satire, Paul Armstron

Adult Education Research Conference

In the lead up to the recent presidential election in the USA and the imminent general election in the UK, there has been much discussion around the ‘problem of political apathy’. This paper attempts to analyse the meaning of this in both countries, and consider the sources of people’s political socialisation and development of political literacy, including popular culture.


Pragmatism, Postmodernism, And Adult Education: Structure And Agency In The 21st Century, Davin J. Carr-Chellman Oct 2005

Pragmatism, Postmodernism, And Adult Education: Structure And Agency In The 21st Century, Davin J. Carr-Chellman

Adult Education Research Conference

This paper develops a theory that interprets the philosophical schools of American Pragmatism and Continental Postmodernism as important, complementary resources for understanding the effects of structure and agency on the possibilities for learning and meaning-making. This type of theory building can provide for practitioners and scholars a useful framework for negotiating the limited battle between self-determination and structural determination.


Crashing The Party: A Working Class Perspective On The Ivory Tower, Steven B. Frye, Reggie Curran, Cathy A. Pierce, Eva Young, Mary Ziegler Oct 2005

Crashing The Party: A Working Class Perspective On The Ivory Tower, Steven B. Frye, Reggie Curran, Cathy A. Pierce, Eva Young, Mary Ziegler

Adult Education Research Conference

This study explored the experience of having a working class background and an earned doctorate as part of a research course using phenomenological methods. Findings revealed a “working class way of looking at the world” that colors the meaning of the experience of graduate school and one’s professional life.


Teaching For Empowerment Liberatory Pedagogy, Social Change And Gender Dynamics, Jennifer Ferrigno, David Hemphill, Ming-Yeh Lee Oct 2005

Teaching For Empowerment Liberatory Pedagogy, Social Change And Gender Dynamics, Jennifer Ferrigno, David Hemphill, Ming-Yeh Lee

Adult Education Research Conference

This paper offers a critical perspective on popular education with a focus on inequities of gender and culture in the classroom. Using classroom observation, analysis of multiple social change curricula, and interviews with practitioners in El Salvador and the San Francisco Bay Area, we examine potential pitfalls and strengths of a pedagogy from the point of view of transformational theory, concluding that with judicious intention the pedagogy may still lead to inspired learning, transformation in the classroom, and change in the participant communities.


“Corporate Social Responsibility”: A Site For Critical Learning In Workplaces?, Tara Fenwick, Laura Bierema Oct 2005

“Corporate Social Responsibility”: A Site For Critical Learning In Workplaces?, Tara Fenwick, Laura Bierema

Adult Education Research Conference

Notions of social responsibility have become fashionable in businesses. While clearly a marketing ploy for some, for other firms CSR appears to represent a genuine commitment to new practices and organization-wide learning. Encouraged by these positive cases, we explored the extent to which CSR might create a site for critical learning in workplaces.


Learning To Change: Identifying Elements Of Transformation In Formerly Abusive Men, Marian D. Edmistion Oct 2005

Learning To Change: Identifying Elements Of Transformation In Formerly Abusive Men, Marian D. Edmistion

Adult Education Research Conference

This qualitative study examines the content from interviews with 10 formerly abusive men who self-identify as having changed their perspectives about abuse toward their partners. The study was conducted to uncover the causes for their change, and to show how this change is explained and supported by transformative learning theories.


Common Characteristics Of Adult Education Programs Reporting The Highest Ged Attainment Rates For Welfare Recipients, Olga Ebert Phd, Mary Ziegler Edd, Donna Brian Edd Oct 2005

Common Characteristics Of Adult Education Programs Reporting The Highest Ged Attainment Rates For Welfare Recipients, Olga Ebert Phd, Mary Ziegler Edd, Donna Brian Edd

Adult Education Research Conference

The purpose of this study was to describe characteristics of adult basic education programs for welfare recipients that reported higher than average GED rates and to identify implications for practice and program improvement. Three program characteristics were found to influence GED rates: program practices, a motivational culture, and instructional approaches.


Learning Our Way Out: A Model Of Program Planning For Changing Times, Dent C. Davis, Mary F. Ziegler Oct 2005

Learning Our Way Out: A Model Of Program Planning For Changing Times, Dent C. Davis, Mary F. Ziegler

Adult Education Research Conference

This paper describes a community based planning project that led to the identification of a learning model of adult education program planning. The paper identifies the model, locates it within the program planning literature, and suggests implications and limitations for practice.


Lifelong Learning As Human Ontology: A Freirean Response To Human Capital Education, John A. Dale, Michelle Glowacki-Dudka, Emery J. Hyslop-Margison Oct 2005

Lifelong Learning As Human Ontology: A Freirean Response To Human Capital Education, John A. Dale, Michelle Glowacki-Dudka, Emery J. Hyslop-Margison

Adult Education Research Conference

In this article, we argue that Freire’s view of lifelong learning is a journey toward personal growth and social transformation. Rather than reducing learners to objects of economic globalization, Freire’s pedagogy considers students political participants who actively shape their vocational and social lives.


A Critique Of The Transmission Model Of Functional Health Literacy, Sondra Cuban Oct 2005

A Critique Of The Transmission Model Of Functional Health Literacy, Sondra Cuban

Adult Education Research Conference

The author will explore the concept of functional health literacy through a critical analysis of the definition. Derived from a medical model, it serves as an information commodity within a human capital approach to literacy and healthcare, transmitting particular information, and reinforcing compliance with the existing system.


Living A Critical Life Through Authenticity, Patricia Cranton Oct 2005

Living A Critical Life Through Authenticity, Patricia Cranton

Adult Education Research Conference

Based on a three-year study of how educators develop authenticity in their teaching, I explore one facet of authenticity, that of critical reflection. As teachers gain experience, they move from critical reflection on the specific skills and techniques of teaching to questioning the premises of their practice and the nature of the educational system.


Learning In The Twilight Zone: Transformational Learning Of The Outsider Artist, Luann Cooley, Dae Joong Kang Oct 2005

Learning In The Twilight Zone: Transformational Learning Of The Outsider Artist, Luann Cooley, Dae Joong Kang

Adult Education Research Conference

Situated within transformational learning theory, this qualitative study suggests that Outsider Artists’ learning involves indicators of childhood innate artistic ability, an adult catalyst event, an holistic learning process described using an extra-rational vocabulary, and a change in meaning perspective, including the artistic identity.


“I Am Blackdeaf Man”: Deconstructing The Interplay Of Multiple Identities In Theory And Reality, Mavis A. Clark Oct 2005

“I Am Blackdeaf Man”: Deconstructing The Interplay Of Multiple Identities In Theory And Reality, Mavis A. Clark

Adult Education Research Conference

Identity development work shows that identities are socially constructed by the interplay between and within categorical boundaries of race, gender, and class. Research further shows that identity development and the social context are interconnected and produce theories of knowing. Relying on the theory of intersectionality for deconstructing the identity of Black Deaf and hard-of-hearing adult men, this discussion examines the interplay between race, gender, and deafness. Implications for adult education and practice are included.


Principles Of Adult Education At Work In An Early Women’S Prison: The Case Of The Massachusetts Reformatory, 1930-1960, Dominique T. Chlup Oct 2005

Principles Of Adult Education At Work In An Early Women’S Prison: The Case Of The Massachusetts Reformatory, 1930-1960, Dominique T. Chlup

Adult Education Research Conference

Abstract: This paper discusses the role and significance of adult education principles as espoused by an early corrections official Austin MacCormick and how his philosophy and aim of adult education for prisoners relates to the educational programs and practices implemented at the Massachusetts Reformatory for Women during the 1930s, 40s, and 50s.


Border Crossings: Baha’I Women And Narratives Of Learning To Be Global Citizens, Siew Sim Chin Oct 2005

Border Crossings: Baha’I Women And Narratives Of Learning To Be Global Citizens, Siew Sim Chin

Adult Education Research Conference

This is an empirical study of how ten Baha’i women learn to cultivate a sense of global belonging through mapping and entering the world from a spiritual paradigm. Emerging from the (re)constitution of their identities across place, nations, and religion is a widening of loyalties and expanded belonging.


Understanding Local And Global Contexts: The Importance Of The Sociological Imagination For Adult Education, Patrica A. Gouthro Oct 2005

Understanding Local And Global Contexts: The Importance Of The Sociological Imagination For Adult Education, Patrica A. Gouthro

Adult Education Research Conference

The concept of the sociological imagination is explored as a practical theoretical concept to provide insight into local and global contexts in adult education.


The Existential Nature Of Human Learning: Toward A Philosophical Understanding Of Learning, Peter Jarvis Oct 2005

The Existential Nature Of Human Learning: Toward A Philosophical Understanding Of Learning, Peter Jarvis

Adult Education Research Conference

Human learning occurs within our experience of the wider world. Consequently, it is necessary to understand both the concept of experience and something of the nature of the person who experiences it. This paper explores both seeking to relate them to wider theories of learning, and culminates in a new definition of learning itself.


Reclaiming The Self: How Korean Housewives Make Meaning Of Their Reentry Experiences, Suh Young Jang Oct 2005

Reclaiming The Self: How Korean Housewives Make Meaning Of Their Reentry Experiences, Suh Young Jang

Adult Education Research Conference

Well-educated Korean women are returning to higher education in unprecedented numbers with the motivation of recovering their personal identity. The purpose of this qualitative study is to understand in what ways this experience is meaningful to these reentry women. In-depth interviews were conducted with 13 Korean full-time housewives aged 25 to 45 who already had a Bachelor’s degree yet enrolled as students at a four-year university, a graduate school, or a university-affiliated lifelong education center. The constant comparative method was employed for data analysis. The major finding of this study was that the experience of returning to university was ...


Women And Learning In An Online Environment, Kyungmi Hyun Oct 2005

Women And Learning In An Online Environment, Kyungmi Hyun

Adult Education Research Conference

The purpose of this study was to examine women’s learning in an online environment. The study was an ethnographic investigation combined with discourse analysis of the textual interactions of women in a graduate introductory research class offered online. The findings reveal that women’s learning had unique patterns based on their perceptions of the online setting and on their sense of time, which was established by their other prioritized roles and responsibilities outside the class.


Guilty Upon Preponderance Of The Evidence: The American Association For Adult Education And Jim Crow, Lisa R. Merriweather Hunn Oct 2005

Guilty Upon Preponderance Of The Evidence: The American Association For Adult Education And Jim Crow, Lisa R. Merriweather Hunn

Adult Education Research Conference

The American Association for Adult Education during the mid-twentieth century failed to proactively combat racial discrimination and prejudice which ultimately resulted in discriminatory practices within adult education. This article explicates the relationship between “benign” policies and discriminatory practices through historical research.