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Full-Text Articles in Education

Eeg Neurofeedback And Isolation Stressor. A Systematic Review, Kacper Gotner, Marcin Dornowski Jul 2022

Eeg Neurofeedback And Isolation Stressor. A Systematic Review, Kacper Gotner, Marcin Dornowski

Baltic Journal of Health and Physical Activity

Introduction. One of the factors increasing the body's response to a stressful situation is isolation. The feeling of loneliness in isolation can be caused by biological, psychological or medical factors. Material and methods: This paper is a review of publications issued in 2009–2021, the most up-to-date in terms of information on the topic of stress and its links with EEG neurofeedback. Results: 5 publications on stress caused by isolation and the reaction of the human body in a stressful situation were selected. The papers were selected based on the use of EEG neurofeedback in reducing the body's ...


Effect Of Post-Activation Potentiation On The Force, Power And Rate Of Power And Force Development Of The Upper Limbs In Mixed Martial Arts (Mma) Fighters, Taking Into Account Training Experience, Alan Langer, Angelina Ignatieva, Patricia Fischerova, Magdalena Nitychoruk, Artur Gołaś, Adam Maszczyk Jun 2022

Effect Of Post-Activation Potentiation On The Force, Power And Rate Of Power And Force Development Of The Upper Limbs In Mixed Martial Arts (Mma) Fighters, Taking Into Account Training Experience, Alan Langer, Angelina Ignatieva, Patricia Fischerova, Magdalena Nitychoruk, Artur Gołaś, Adam Maszczyk

Baltic Journal of Health and Physical Activity

Introduction. The aim of the study is to determine the optimal load for generating the highest value of force, power and the rate of power and force development (RFD and RPD) in the upper limb of mixed martial arts (MMA) fighters with the use of activation and explosive exercises. The training period of MMA players was included in the research. Material and Methods: Twenty-nine MMA fighters participated in the study and were divided into two groups depending on the length of their training period (under and over 5 years). The subjects did 2 ballistic push-ups before the study and after-wards ...


The Effect Of Caffeine On Countermovement Jump Performance In Recreationally Trained Women Habituated To Caffeine, Dawid Gawel, Magdalena Kaszuba, Zuzanna Komarek, Robert Krawczyk, Marta Bichowska, Marcin Jasinski, Robert Trybulski Jun 2022

The Effect Of Caffeine On Countermovement Jump Performance In Recreationally Trained Women Habituated To Caffeine, Dawid Gawel, Magdalena Kaszuba, Zuzanna Komarek, Robert Krawczyk, Marta Bichowska, Marcin Jasinski, Robert Trybulski

Baltic Journal of Health and Physical Activity

Introduction. The main goal of this study was to examine the effect of acute intake of 3 mg/kg/body mass (b.m.) of caffeine (CAF) on countermovement jump (CMJ) performance in recreationally trained women habituated to CAF. Material and Methods. 17 healthy recreationally trained women habitually using CAF participated in the study. The experiment followed randomized, cross-over, double-blind design under three different conditions: control test (CONT) or consumed placebo (PLAC) or consumed 3 mg/kg/b.m. of CAF (CAF-3). Each participant performed 2 sets of 2 CMJ. The following variables were recorded: concentric peak velocity (PV), peak power ...


Relationship Between Motor Skills And Various Sailing Skills And Sports Performance – Study Using The Dematel Approach, Jedrzej Charlampowicz Jun 2022

Relationship Between Motor Skills And Various Sailing Skills And Sports Performance – Study Using The Dematel Approach, Jedrzej Charlampowicz

Baltic Journal of Health and Physical Activity

Introduction. The purpose of this paper is to determine the mutual relation between various motor abilities and factors of sailing performance. Material and methods: 25 sailors from the Polish national team in sailing Olympic classes were asked to fill a questionnaire concerning the influence of various motor abilities and sailing performance factors on the result. In total, 5 sailors participated in the study by returning properly filled questionnaires. To determine the relationship between the motor abilities and sailing performance factors, the DEMATEL method has been utilized. Results: In terms of motor abilities, mobility is the most significant factor, and muscle ...


Beta-Alanine Supplementation And Anaerobic Performance In Highly Trained Judo Athletes, Mateusz Halz, Magdalena Kaszuba, Jonatan Helbin, Sara Krzysztofik, Aleksandra Suchanecka, Adam Zając May 2022

Beta-Alanine Supplementation And Anaerobic Performance In Highly Trained Judo Athletes, Mateusz Halz, Magdalena Kaszuba, Jonatan Helbin, Sara Krzysztofik, Aleksandra Suchanecka, Adam Zając

Baltic Journal of Health and Physical Activity

Introduction. Previous studies have shown that several weeks of beta-alanine (BA) supplementation increases anaerobic work capacity and decreases muscular fatigue, but limited research was conducted on elite martial arts athletes. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of chronic BA supplementation on high-intensity intermittent upper and lower-body performance in highly-trained judo athletes. Material and Methods: Sixteen elite judo athletes (21.8 ± 2.5 years old) were randomly assigned to receive either BA (4 g/d over the first 2 weeks and 6 g/d in the last 2 weeks) or placebo for 4 weeks. Before and ...


Variation In Thiopurine Metabolism In Hispanic Children, Kayeleigh Higgerson Do May 2022

Variation In Thiopurine Metabolism In Hispanic Children, Kayeleigh Higgerson Do

Research Days

Background: Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is the most common childhood cancer. Overall survival rate is > 90% in the United States. However, ethnic and racial disparities remain. Hispanic patients have an inferior overall survival compared to non-Hispanics. The reasons for these differences remain unclear. Mercaptopurine (6MP) is a crucial drug in ALL treatment. Variations in the TMPT and NUDT15 genes lead to altered 6MP metabolism and accumulation of toxic metabolites (6TGN or 6MMPN). Each metabolite is associated with specific dose-limiting toxicities. The accumulation of 6TGN causes myelosuppression, and increased 6MMPN causes GI toxicity. While variants in these genes have been identified ...


Potassium Status In Pediatric Chronic Kidney Disease, Katherine L. Kurzinski May 2022

Potassium Status In Pediatric Chronic Kidney Disease, Katherine L. Kurzinski

Research Days

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Background: Potassium trends are well described in adult chronic kidney disease (CKD) and hyperkalemia is known to be associated with increased disease progression, morbidity, and mortality. Large scale studies assessing potassium trends and the prevalence of hyperkalemia in pediatric CKD have not been performed.

Objectives/Goal: We aimed to characterize median serum potassium levels and the prevalence of hyperkalemia for each CKD stage using the CKiD cohort. The relationship of serum potassium and hyperkalemia with patient demographics, CKD etiology (glomerular or non-glomerular), presence of acidosis, and degree of proteinuria was also evaluated.

Methods/Design: Median ...


Association Of Rare Variants In Kidney Developmental Genes With Hypertension And Ckd: A Uk Biobank Study, Benjamin L. Spector May 2022

Association Of Rare Variants In Kidney Developmental Genes With Hypertension And Ckd: A Uk Biobank Study, Benjamin L. Spector

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Background: Prior studies show chronic kidney disease (CKD) is heritable but only a few common variants have been associated with CKD and kidney dysfunction. Much of CKD heritability remains unknown and limited studies have explored the role of rare genetic variants in this missing heritability.

Objectives/Goal: Identify rare genetic variants in renal developmental genes associated with hypertension and CKD.

Methods/Design: We examined the association between rare variants in 58 candidate genes from five renal developmental compartments and presence of CKD and elevated blood pressure (BP) in 49,989 individuals using whole exome sequencing ...


Memory T Cell Populations In Human Leukemia, Sara Mcelroy May 2022

Memory T Cell Populations In Human Leukemia, Sara Mcelroy

Research Days

Background: Incorporating the immune system into cancer management is an area of robust research. Treatment modalities aimed at activating cytotoxic T cells against malignancies include immune checkpoint inhibitors, bispecific T-cell engagers, and chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) tumor-specific T cells. Most anti-cancer T cell research is narrowly focused, but knowledge about the nature of diverse sub-populations of T cells in cancer, particularly memory T cells, is vital prior to potential incorporation into therapies. T memory stem cells (Tscm) are of interest due to their longevity and powerful abilities of self-renewal and creating the full spectrum of memory CD8+ T cells, including ...


Treatment Of Recurrent Wilms Tumor With Irinotecan/Temozolomide, Meagan Vacek May 2022

Treatment Of Recurrent Wilms Tumor With Irinotecan/Temozolomide, Meagan Vacek

Research Days

Background: Despite improvement in relapse free survival (RFS) in recurrent Wilms tumor, the 4- year RFS rate for patients treated with vincristine/dactinomycin/doxorubicin is approximately 40%. Ifosfamide, carboplatin and etoposide are commonly used in relapsed solid tumors but have significant toxicities and require hospital admission for administration. Our patient focused on quality of life, and this led to exploration of other treatment options.

Objectives/Goal: Describe a case of multiply relapsed Wilms tumor with management on oral chemotherapy for improved quality of life and remission for almost 1 year.

Methods/Design: Case Report

Results: The patient is an 11-year-old ...


Wilms Tumor Presenting With Spontaneous Necrosis And Clostridium Perfringens Co-Infection, Ronald Palmen, Abbey Elsbernd, Kristin Palmen May 2022

Wilms Tumor Presenting With Spontaneous Necrosis And Clostridium Perfringens Co-Infection, Ronald Palmen, Abbey Elsbernd, Kristin Palmen

Research Days

Background: Wilm’s Tumor (WT) is the most common renal malignancy of childhood. The initial presentation of WT may mimic infection or other malignancies with nonspecific symptoms including fever, abdominal/flank pain, or hematuria. This poses a diagnostic challenge for providers, particularly when both infection and malignancy are observed. We describe a case of WT with spontaneous necrosis initially obscured by overlying Clostridium perfringens infection, making diagnosis of the cancer difficult.

Case Description: A previously healthy 5-year-old girl presented to the emergency department with a two-day history of left flank pain and fevers. In the emergency department, she was tachycardic ...


Acute Complications In Pediatric Patients With Diabetes Admitted With Isolated Diabetic Ketoacidosis, Isolated Hyperglycemic Hyperosmolar State, And Mixed Hyperosmolar Diabetic Ketoacidosis, Erica Zarse May 2022

Acute Complications In Pediatric Patients With Diabetes Admitted With Isolated Diabetic Ketoacidosis, Isolated Hyperglycemic Hyperosmolar State, And Mixed Hyperosmolar Diabetic Ketoacidosis, Erica Zarse

Research Days

Background: Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), hyperglycemic hyperosmolar state (HHS), and mixed DKA and HHS (hyperosmolar DKA) are hyperglycemic emergencies for which children with diabetes mellitus (DM) are admitted to the hospital. To date, there is little evidence to guide the management of pediatric diabetic patients with hyperosmolarity.

Objectives: The objective of this study is to compare the in-hospital complications at our institution in patients who have isolated DKA to those with a component of hyperosmolarity.

Methods: We reviewed medical records of patients from 01/2019 through 12/2020 admitted with DKA (serum bicarbonate ≤16 mEq/L) and/or HHS (blood glucose ...


Acute Kidney Injury In Youth With Diabetes Admitted With Isolated Diabetic Ketoacidosis, Isolated Hyperglycemic Hyperosmolar State, And Hyperosmolar Diabetic Ketoacidosis: A Single Center Experience, Erica Zarse May 2022

Acute Kidney Injury In Youth With Diabetes Admitted With Isolated Diabetic Ketoacidosis, Isolated Hyperglycemic Hyperosmolar State, And Hyperosmolar Diabetic Ketoacidosis: A Single Center Experience, Erica Zarse

Research Days

Background: Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) and hyperglycemic hyperosmolar state (HHS) are hyperglycemic emergencies for which children are admitted to the hospital.

Objectives/Goal: Our objective was to compare acute kidney injury (AKI) between youth with isolated DKA to those with hyperosmolarity and explore associations to risk of AKI.

Methods/Design: Charts were reviewed from 01/2019 through 12/2020 for youth admitted with DKA (serum bicarbonate ≤16 mEq/L) and/or HHS (blood glucose ≥600 mg/dL and osmolality ≥320 mOsm/kg). Isolated HHS youth were combined with hyperosmolar DKA for analysis. AKI was defined as elevated creatinine level for age ...


Increasing Incentive Spirometry Use In Patients With Sickle Cell Disease Admitted To Children’S Mercy Hospital, Thomas Cochran, Alexandra Prosser May 2022

Increasing Incentive Spirometry Use In Patients With Sickle Cell Disease Admitted To Children’S Mercy Hospital, Thomas Cochran, Alexandra Prosser

Research Days

Background: Acute chest syndrome is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in patients with sickle cell disease. The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) provides specific recommendations for providing ten breaths of incentive spirometry (IS) every two hours while awake for patients with sickle cell disease to help prevent development of acute chest syndrome.

Problem Statement: We reviewed provision of incentive spirometry at Children’s Mercy between 08/01/2021 and 11/01/2021. Data was collected and the target population was identified via a report generated from the electronic medical records with specific criteria. Of ...


Quality Improvement Project To Improve Provider-To-Nursing Communication During Daily Rounds, Kayeleigh Higgerson Do, Sara Mcelroy Md May 2022

Quality Improvement Project To Improve Provider-To-Nursing Communication During Daily Rounds, Kayeleigh Higgerson Do, Sara Mcelroy Md

Research Days

Problem Statement/Question: We aim that by June 2021, our Heme/Onc resident service daily table rounds will include 80% of bedside nurses to improve communication between the provider team and bedside nurse.

Background/Project Intent (Aim Statement): Daily rounds on our Heme/Onc resident service include table rounds (discussion of overnight events and daily plan) and bedside rounds (team goes to see patients and relay daily plan). These rounds infrequently include the bedside nurse caring for the patient, leading to poor communication of the plan from the provider team. This is a problem, because it has the potential to ...


Identifying Facilitators And Barriers For A Successful Student Registered Nurse Anesthetist’S Clinical Experience, James Clancy, Adam Bruinius May 2022

Identifying Facilitators And Barriers For A Successful Student Registered Nurse Anesthetist’S Clinical Experience, James Clancy, Adam Bruinius

Doctor of Nursing Practice Projects

Student registered nurse anesthetists experience a wide variety of barriers and facilitators to their clinical education; often rotating through several clinical sites during their nurse anesthesia educational program (NAEP) tenure. Existing evidence suggests SRNAs must be proficient in seeking, accepting, and utilizing feedback from clinical preceptors (Algiraigri, 2014). Accepting constructive criticism may be challenging for SRNAs as they are highly skilled, competent nurses who are now entering rigorous NAEPs as novices. Reverting from preceptor to preceptee can be a difficult transition for SRNAs. This project aimed to identify barriers and facilitators to a successful SRNA clinical education through a literature ...


The Racial And Ethnic Makeup Of The Asthma Clinical Trials Informing The 2020 Nhlbi Asthma Guidelines Update, Esosa Adah May 2022

The Racial And Ethnic Makeup Of The Asthma Clinical Trials Informing The 2020 Nhlbi Asthma Guidelines Update, Esosa Adah

Research Days

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Rationale: Black/African American and Hispanic people in the United States are disproportionately impacted by asthma with increased prevalence, morbidity, and mortality. However, these groups are often under-represented in asthma clinical and translational research studies which is a barrier to achieving health equity. We describe the racial/ethnic makeup of participants included in clinical trials which informed the recent 2020 National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute(NHLBI) asthma management guidelines focused update.

Methods: We identified clinical trials included within the 2020 NHLBI asthma management guidelines focused update. We determined the frequency (%) of studies reporting study ...


Everyday Ethics And Equity At The Bedside, Shika Kalevor, Angie Knackstedt May 2022

Everyday Ethics And Equity At The Bedside, Shika Kalevor, Angie Knackstedt

Research Days

Background: Traditional bioethics training, although important, may not be completely suited to the nursing role. In contrast to traditional clinical ethics, which focuses on healthcare dilemmas, everyday ethics focuses on routine clinical encounters between clinicians, patients, and families and may be better suited to help nurses address issues such as bias and racism at the bedside.

Objectives/Goal: This study aims to provide a data-backed approach to ethics education for nurses as it pertains to improvements in the understanding of Diversity, Equity, & Inclusion (DEI) efforts in healthcare. This study also provides an opportunity for the field of bioethics to provide ...


Improving Advanced Therapeutic Endoscopy Performance At An Academic Children's Hospital, Julia Snodgrass, Thomas M. Attard, Donna Ditsch, John Colgan, Amanda Weston, Jessica Koch, Nadia Ibrahimi, Pang Krasaelap, Voytek Slowick, Laura Shroyer May 2022

Improving Advanced Therapeutic Endoscopy Performance At An Academic Children's Hospital, Julia Snodgrass, Thomas M. Attard, Donna Ditsch, John Colgan, Amanda Weston, Jessica Koch, Nadia Ibrahimi, Pang Krasaelap, Voytek Slowick, Laura Shroyer

Research Days

Problem Statement/Question: Advanced therapeutic endoscopy is infrequently needed but critical in the management of children with complex gastroenterology disorders. Hands-on experience in specific advanced techniques, set up of endoscopy equipment and familiarity with new ancillary equipment for use during endoscopy have been intra-departmentally identified as potential areas for improvement.

Background/Project Intent: Our aim is to improve provider scoring on an endoscopy practice test based on technical aspects of therapeutic techniques, indications and set up of standard and new endoscopic equipment by 20% over pre-practice session testing.

Methods: The Model for Improvement framework was utilized. A multidisciplinary team was ...


Factors Leading To Reduced Unscheduled Pediatric Asthma Visits During Covid-19, Sean Stout May 2022

Factors Leading To Reduced Unscheduled Pediatric Asthma Visits During Covid-19, Sean Stout

Research Days

Background: Emergency Department (ED) and inpatient (IP) asthma visits were reduced during 2020 at a tertiary pediatric hospital. This was likely due to measures used to avoid exposure to the SARS-CoV2 virus which led to fewer viral upper respiratory infections (URIs). Other known asthma triggers include allergens, air pollution, and weather changes.

Objectives/Goal: To determine whether other factors could explain this reduction, we looked for changes in other asthma triggers such as pollen, air pollution, and weather.

Methods/Design: Monthly ED and IP asthma visits from 2010 to 2019 were compared to 2020 by time series analysis (TSA), controlling ...


A Case Of An Elevated Tryptase, Sonya Parashar May 2022

A Case Of An Elevated Tryptase, Sonya Parashar

Research Days

Introduction: Hereditary Alpha Tryptasemia (HαT) is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by an elevated baseline tryptase that occurs up to 3% of the population and clinically resembles mast cell activation syndrome.

Case description: A full-term, 13-month-old female patient presented to Allergy and Immunology clinic for persistently elevated tryptase. Her initial symptom was non-bloody loose stools, but she later developed recurrent flushing, joint pain, constipation, and frequent nighttime awakenings. Her past medical history included gastroesophageal reflux disease. Family history was significant for an older sibling with history of flushing. At all visits, physical examination was normal. Tryptase ranged between 11.7 ...


Recurrent Primary Spontaneous Pneumothorax Masquerading As A Congenital Pulmonary Airway Malformation In A Young Female, Chandra Swanson May 2022

Recurrent Primary Spontaneous Pneumothorax Masquerading As A Congenital Pulmonary Airway Malformation In A Young Female, Chandra Swanson

Research Days

Background: Spontaneous pneumothoraxes in children are uncommon, may be idiopathic or associated with underlying pulmonary disease, and can present management challenges.

Objectives/Goal: We present a 12-year-old female with recurrent right sided spontaneous pneumothorax in the setting of an asymptomatic SARS-Co-V2 (COVID) infection and imaging concerning for congenital lobar overinflation (CLO) versus congenital pulmonary airway malformation (CPAM), prompting surgical intervention.

Methods/Design: A literature review and chart review were completed for this case report.

Results: A 12-year-old pre-menstrual female with remote history of eczema, asthma, and environmental allergies presented from an outside facility with four-days of progressive chest pain and ...


Evaluating Caretaker Satisfaction With Same-Day Discharge After Gastrostomy Tube Placement, James A. Fraser Md, Shai Stewart Md, Kayla B. Briggs Md, Shawn D. St. Peter Md, Tolulope A. Oyetunji Md Mph May 2022

Evaluating Caretaker Satisfaction With Same-Day Discharge After Gastrostomy Tube Placement, James A. Fraser Md, Shai Stewart Md, Kayla B. Briggs Md, Shawn D. St. Peter Md, Tolulope A. Oyetunji Md Mph

Research Days

Background: Same-day discharge (SDD) after outpatient laparoscopic gastrostomy tube (G-tube) placement has been our standard institutional practice since 2017, following written and video-based preoperative education regarding G-tube use, maintenance, and exchange at the time of consultation.

Objectives/Goal: We aim to evaluate caretaker satisfaction with our same day discharge protocol following laparoscopic gastrostomy tube placement.

Methods/Design: Following IRB approval, all patients planned for SDD after G-tube placement from FebruarySeptember 2021 at a tertiary care academic center were identified. Retrospective chart review was performed to identify demographic information, successful same-day discharge or reason for postoperative admission, time to first postoperative ...


Ultrasound Guided Peripheral Iv Access Curriculum For The Pediatric Emergency Department: A Pilot Study., Samuel Dillman May 2022

Ultrasound Guided Peripheral Iv Access Curriculum For The Pediatric Emergency Department: A Pilot Study., Samuel Dillman

Research Days

Background: Up to 50% of children have difficult venous access. Studies in the Pediatric Emergency department (PED) have shown that ultrasound guided peripheral IV (USGPIV) access has decreased IV access time and ED length of stay.  Barriers for use include lack of training and comfort with the procedure.

Objectives/Goal: Our objectives are to pilot and evaluate USGPIV training for Pediatric Emergency Medicine (PEM) physicians and nurses.

Methods/Design: The course included a 4-hour, hands-on session with US IV training using a blue phantom task trainer in conjunction with the Vascular Access Team (VAT) for PEM physicians and nurses.  Participants ...


Novel Potential Hsp40 Inhibitors Derived From A Natural Compound Plumbagin Effectively Deplete Mutant P53, Mohamed A.A. Alalem May 2022

Novel Potential Hsp40 Inhibitors Derived From A Natural Compound Plumbagin Effectively Deplete Mutant P53, Mohamed A.A. Alalem

Research Days

Background/Rationale: Accumulation of mutant p53 (mutp53) in cancer cells facilitates tumor progression. A member of J-domain proteins family (JDPs/HSP40), namely DNAJA1 was recently found to promote stabilization of unfolded mutp53 through preventing its degradation.

Objectives/Goal: Cancer cells are addicted to mutp53, therefore, targeting DNAJA1 or other members of JDP protein family could lead to inhibition of cancer progression via the depletion of mutp53. Thus, our goal is to investigate potential DNAJA1 inhibitors which could provide a promising approach for cancer therapy.

Methods/Design: In-silico molecular docking analysis was performed using a library of molecules derived from natural ...


Feeding And Swallowing Disorders In 100 Children With 22q11.2 Syndrome, Jana Ghulmiyyah May 2022

Feeding And Swallowing Disorders In 100 Children With 22q11.2 Syndrome, Jana Ghulmiyyah

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Background: 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11DS) is the most common microdeletion syndrome. The syndrome includes a wide range of variable features including congenital heart disease, palatal abnormalities, immune deficiency and learning difficulties. Otolaryngologic manifestations include hearing loss, characteristic facial features and laryngotracheal abnormalities. A few studies have reported dysphagia as a common feature of this syndrome however little is known about the specific feeding and swallowing difficulties that occur in children with 22q11DS.

Objectives/Goal: The aim of the study is to identify the frequency of feeding and swallowing disorders in a large cohort of ...


Evaluation Of A Modified Pre-Medication Algorithm For Non-Emergent Intubation In A Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Lilah Melzer May 2022

Evaluation Of A Modified Pre-Medication Algorithm For Non-Emergent Intubation In A Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Lilah Melzer

Research Days

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Background: The use of pre-medication for elective non-emergent intubation in neonates and infants has been suggested to minimize physiologic instability, decrease oral/pharyngeal trauma and decrease time and attempts to successful intubation. A pre-medication algorithm including the use of Fentanyl + Atropine was modified to include a higher dose of fentanyl with addition of muscle relaxant and benzodiazepine in a level IV neonatal intensive care unit.

Objective: The objective of this study was to compare first attempt success of intubation pre- vs post-modification of the pre-medication algorithm.

Methods: This is a single site retrospective chart review ...


Inpatient Outcomes For Children Receiving Empiric Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus Coverage For Complicated Pneumonia, Sophia Hackman May 2022

Inpatient Outcomes For Children Receiving Empiric Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus Coverage For Complicated Pneumonia, Sophia Hackman

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Background: Pediatric community acquired pneumonia is responsible for an estimated 124,000 hospitalizations annually in the United States, with up to 40% of hospitalized children subsequently developing a complicated pneumonia (i.e., effusion/empyema). Children with complicated pneumonia commonly require increased numbers of procedures, have exposure to broad-spectrum antibiotics, and have prolonged hospitalizations. While the prevalence of pneumonia has overall declined with childhood vaccination, the number of children with complicated pneumonia has remained stable. Current guidelines do not adequately address antibiotic management of pediatric complicated pneumonia specifically when to utilize methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) coverage ...


Diagnosis, Management, And Treatment Of Lymphadenitis And Deep Neck Space Infections At A Children’S Hospital, Aaron Shaw May 2022

Diagnosis, Management, And Treatment Of Lymphadenitis And Deep Neck Space Infections At A Children’S Hospital, Aaron Shaw

Research Days

Background: Although cervical lymphadenitis and deep neck space abscesses (DNSA) are relatively common pediatric diagnoses, no standardized approach exists for management of these infections.

Objectives/Goal: To assess variability in diagnosis and treatment of cervical lymphadenitis and DNSA in a children’s hospital.

Methods/Design: Charts were obtained using ICD9/10 codes for diagnoses of retropharyngeal and parapharyngeal abscess, and lymphadenitis between 1/1/10-12/31/20. 1,237 charts were identified. Patients with a retropharyngeal and/or parapharyngeal abscess were defined as DNSA. Charts were excluded if the diagnosis was not a bacterial infection (e.g. Kawasaki disease), if ...


Development Of Medical Alert Cards Using Structured Data To Assist In The Management Of Children With Anorectal Malformation, Cloaca, And Cloacal Exstrophy, Ninad Prasade May 2022

Development Of Medical Alert Cards Using Structured Data To Assist In The Management Of Children With Anorectal Malformation, Cloaca, And Cloacal Exstrophy, Ninad Prasade

Research Days

Introduction: Anorectal malformations (ARM), including cloaca and cloacal exstrophy, are a rare collection of congenital disorders of the distal hindgut resulting in lifelong anatomic and functional impairments. Children with ARM may often have other congenital anomalies in the VACTERL association (vertebral, anorectal, cardiac, tracheoesophageal fistula, renal, limb), leading to anatomic variations and prior surgeries that require consideration in diagnosis and management. Patients with these conditions may have multiple presentations to the healthcare system. Understanding emergencies specific to these conditions can enable patients' families and providers to quickly recognize important anatomic variations and initiate care management.

Aim: Our study aimed to ...