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Life Sciences

1991

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Articles 151 - 171 of 171

Full-Text Articles in Education

Front Matter Jan 1991

Front Matter

Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science: JIAS

No abstract provided.


Part I - Papers Presented At The 1989 Plant Science Lecture Series Jan 1991

Part I - Papers Presented At The 1989 Plant Science Lecture Series

Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science: JIAS

The first six titles in this issue of the Journal of Iowa Academy of Science are papers presented at the 1989 edition of the Plant Science Lecture Series held annually at Iowa State University. This lecture series focuses each year on some aspect of plant biology, and each series is composed of six to eight seminars related to a theme that is selected to be timely and related to improvement of field, forage, forest and horticultural crops.


In Search Of A Gibberellin Receptor, Lalit M. Srivastava, Konrad A. Sechley Jan 1991

In Search Of A Gibberellin Receptor, Lalit M. Srivastava, Konrad A. Sechley

Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science: JIAS

Use of tritiated gibberellins ([3H] GA1, [3H] GA4) of high specific activity and purity has allowed the determination of GA-specific binding sites in several plant tissues both in vivo and in vitro. In cucumber hypocotyls and pea epicotyls which have been most investigated the binding of [3H] GA; occurs to soluble proteins. This binding is saturable ('n' =about 30 pmol. Mg-1 soluble protein), of high affinity (KD= about 70 nM), and is competed for by other GA, and derivatives in proportion to their biological activity in these …


Stimulus Response Coupling In Auxin Action, K. R. Libbenga Jan 1991

Stimulus Response Coupling In Auxin Action, K. R. Libbenga

Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science: JIAS

This paper not available at time of printing.


Part Ii - Regular Issue Jan 1991

Part Ii - Regular Issue

Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science: JIAS

No abstract provided.


Results Of The August Roadside Survey For Upland Wildlife In Iowa: 1963-1988, Willie J. Suchy, Ronald J. Munkel, James M. Kienzler Jan 1991

Results Of The August Roadside Survey For Upland Wildlife In Iowa: 1963-1988, Willie J. Suchy, Ronald J. Munkel, James M. Kienzler

Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science: JIAS

Results of the August roadside survey collected from 1963 through 1988 were examined to determine if trends could be detected in the counts of ring-necked pheasants (Phasianus colchicus), northern bobwhite (Colinus virginianus), gray partridge (Perdix perdix), cottontail rabbits (Sylvilagus floridanus), and white-tailed jackrabbits (Lepus townsendii). The counts also were compared to harvest estimates co determine if correlations exist. Statistically significant linear trends were detected statewide for pheasants, gray partridge and jackrabbits during the 1963 co 1988 period. Trends were downward for all species except gray partridge. During the late 12 years (1977 through 1988), the only significant trend detected was …


Editorial Board & Iowa Academy Of Science Officers And Directors Jan 1991

Editorial Board & Iowa Academy Of Science Officers And Directors

Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science: JIAS

No abstract provided.


Back Cover Jan 1991

Back Cover

Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science: JIAS

No abstract provided.


Lewis M. Gould Papers, Zach S. Henderson Library Special Collections Jan 1991

Lewis M. Gould Papers, Zach S. Henderson Library Special Collections

Finding Aids

This collection consists of the writings and personal papers of Lewis M. Gould. Materials span 1918-1991 and include his writings for Stars and Stripes, poems, and various clippings.

Find this collection in the University Libraries' catalog.


Auxin-Regulated Gene Expression, Tom J. Guilfoyle Jan 1991

Auxin-Regulated Gene Expression, Tom J. Guilfoyle

Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science: JIAS

A number of cDNA clones to independent mRNAs that increase in amount after brief exposure to auxins have been isolated. From soybean, sequenced, and characterized. Increases in mRNA abundance can be detected as early as 2.5 minutes after auxin application to excised elongating regions of soybean hypocotyls. Increased transcription rates on the genes which encode the auxin-responsive mRNAs account, at least partly, for the accumulation of mRNAs. A variety of auxins induce the accumulation of the mRNAs, but other plant hormones have no effect on the mRNA abundance. Some of the genes which encode the mRNAs are clustered in the …


Hormonal Regulation Of Gene Expression M The Aleurone Layers Of Cereal Grains, Tuan-Hua David Ho Jan 1991

Hormonal Regulation Of Gene Expression M The Aleurone Layers Of Cereal Grains, Tuan-Hua David Ho

Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science: JIAS

The aleurone layers of cereal grains offer a convenient system for studies of the molecular action of two plant hormones, gibberellins (GA) and abscisic acid (ABA). Gibberellins induce the synthesis of ix-amylase and several other hydrolytice enzymes. The action of GA is essentially at the transcriptional level, it enhances the level of steady-state levels of ix-amylase mRNAs, the rate of transcription of ᴕ-amylase genes and the activity of a trans-acting factor which interacts with specific regions of ix-amylase genes. Abscisic acid antagonizes the effect of GA by inhibiting the induction of hydrolytic enzymes, yet the effect of ABA itself is …


The Future Of Lasers And Laser Applications, William C. Stwalley Jan 1991

The Future Of Lasers And Laser Applications, William C. Stwalley

Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science: JIAS

Lasers are increasingly used in· an astounding variety of scientific, engineering, medical and commercial applications. Here the prospective improvements in lasers will first be addressed, e.g., improvements in wavelength range, tunability, pulse duration, efficiency, cost, etc.

Laser applications will then be briefly surveyed, including selected topics involving basic research, materials processing, analytical and diagnostic applications, information transmission and storage, measurement and alignment and photochemical and biomedical application.


Lxodes Dammini (Acari, Ixodidae) And Borrelia Burgdorferi In Iowa, Mark G. Novak, Wayne A. Rowley, Kenneth B. Platt, David M. Bartholomew, Michelle D. Senne Jan 1991

Lxodes Dammini (Acari, Ixodidae) And Borrelia Burgdorferi In Iowa, Mark G. Novak, Wayne A. Rowley, Kenneth B. Platt, David M. Bartholomew, Michelle D. Senne

Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science: JIAS

A statewide study to evaluate the presence, distribution and abundance of the deer tick, Ixodes dammini, and the spirochete, Borrelia burgdorfen, in Iowa was initiated in 1989. Six hundred and seventy-one tick collections were received from health professionals, conservation employees and concerned citizens. Additional ticks were obtained by flagging, small mammal trapping and deer checks in selected areas of Iowa. Nine I. dammini were collected in 1989 from seven counties in the eastern half of the state. Six of these were tested for B. burgdorferi and all were negative. Flagging, small mammal trapping and deer checks in eastern Iowa failed …


Estimates Of Quantitative Genetic Parameters M Iap2b(M) Random-Mating Sorghum Population, A. J. Maves, R. E. Atkins Jan 1991

Estimates Of Quantitative Genetic Parameters M Iap2b(M) Random-Mating Sorghum Population, A. J. Maves, R. E. Atkins

Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science: JIAS

Random-mating populations of sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] are used extensively as germ plasm in the development of parental lines for hybrids. Populations improved by recurrent selection provide a useful source for the selection of superior parental lines. Our objective was to determine the effectiveness of mass selection for threshed-panicle weight by comparing the performance of lines (S1 families) chosen randomly from CO and C4 of sorghum population IAP2B. Sixty S1 families from each cycle were grown in five Iowa environments.

Four cycles of selection for panicle weight shifted the mean for grain yield favorably, and the range …


A Study Of Sphacelotheca Occidentalis, Cause Of Kernel Smut Of Big Bluestem, Karen M. Snetselaar, Lois H. Tiffany Jan 1991

A Study Of Sphacelotheca Occidentalis, Cause Of Kernel Smut Of Big Bluestem, Karen M. Snetselaar, Lois H. Tiffany

Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science: JIAS

Sphacelotheca occidentalis causes kernel smut disease of Andropogon gerardii, a prairie grass. The smut fungus is systemic, perennial, causes severe stunting, and sporulates in florets. Spores develop in gall-like sari composed of grass and fungal cells. Spores initiate in a meristematic area near the base of the sorus, and progressively more mature spores are found toward the sorus rip. The cylindrical sari have a central columella of host vascular tissue permeated by hyphae, sporogenous hyphae and developing teliospores that surround the columella, and a peridium of host and fungal cells. Sporogenous hyphae ramify in a gelatinous matrix that disappears as …


Cover - Table Of Contents Jan 1991

Cover - Table Of Contents

Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science: JIAS

No abstract provided.


Heating Degree Days In Iowa Relative To Home Natural Gas Consumption, Conservation Efforts, And Long-Term Trends, Richard E. Carlson Jan 1991

Heating Degree Days In Iowa Relative To Home Natural Gas Consumption, Conservation Efforts, And Long-Term Trends, Richard E. Carlson

Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science: JIAS

A methodology is presented to assess the effectiveness of conservation efforts relative to home heating. Billing period heating degree days and natural gas consumption relationships are established for a typical household for nineteen heating seasons using simple linear regression. Associated correlations (r2 values) were greater than 0. 95 for nineteen different seasons. Regression coefficients (b0 and b1) were found to decrease with time indicating reduced natural gas consumption due to conservation efforts. Procedures are presented to illustrate dollar savings relative to conservation efforts using the regression relationships. Long-term trends for heating degree days at the Ames, …


Studies Of The Precambrian Geology Of Iowa: Part 3. Geochronologic Data For The Matlock Drill Holes, W. R. Van Schmus, E. T. Wallin Jan 1991

Studies Of The Precambrian Geology Of Iowa: Part 3. Geochronologic Data For The Matlock Drill Holes, W. R. Van Schmus, E. T. Wallin

Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science: JIAS

U-Pb ages have been determined for quartz monzodiorite (2,535 ± 5Ma) recovered from drill hole ClO and for keratophyre (1,782±10 Ma) recovered from drill hole C5 of the Matlock exploration project. Sm-Nd whole-rock analyses for several rock types from the Otter Creek layered mafic complex recovered from several drill holes of the Matlock project yield an isochron age of 2,890 ± 90 Ma, with an ϵNd(t) of -0.9 ± 2.4. These ages document crustal evolution in northwest Iowa, including the southern margin of the Superior Province, over more than one billion years from 2.9 to 1.8 Ga. Isotopic data also …


Annual Report Of The Iowa Academy Of Science, 1990-91, Paul E. Rider Jan 1991

Annual Report Of The Iowa Academy Of Science, 1990-91, Paul E. Rider

Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science: JIAS

Starting in 1976, annual reports have served as a continuing record of the activities of the Iowa Academy of Science. These augment a 100 year history of the Academy which was written in the centennial year of 1975.

This report covers the period from July 1, 1990 to June 30, 1991. It is based on the official records of the Academy (committee reports, Board minutes, correspondence) as well as the recollections, impressions and musings of the author.


The Call Of The Wild: Investigating The Relationship Between Adventure Education, Character Development, And The College Curriculum, Barbara Ann Klingman Jan 1991

The Call Of The Wild: Investigating The Relationship Between Adventure Education, Character Development, And The College Curriculum, Barbara Ann Klingman

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this research was to investigate the potential utilization of adventure education programs to provide an effective and innovative alternative for enhancing the college undergraduate experience. Initial research consisted of performing an indepth study of higher education's curriculum reform literature and studies and literature on adventure education programs. Specific components of the curriculum reform literature regarding character development were then correlated with attributes discovered in the adventure education literature. The interrelationship that developed provided a theoretical rationale from which to propose that adventure education programs could indeed address many of the objectives of the recommended curriculum.;The next step …


History And Analysis Of Food Guides In The United States, Barbara B. Carlson Jan 1991

History And Analysis Of Food Guides In The United States, Barbara B. Carlson

Health Services Research Dissertations

This work elucidates the development of nutrient-based dietary standards in the United States from the original energy and protein-based standards proposed by Atwater in 1894 to the micronutrient-based Recommended Dietary Allowances revised by the National Research Council in 1989. This qualitative historical research chronicles the development and subsequent revisions of nutrient-based food guides and food guidance models issued in the United States between 1916 and 1991. A literature search of historical food guides, research, and review papers from the fields of nutrition science and education, dietetics, and health science provided primary sources of information for the history. A literature search …