Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Education Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 1 - 30 of 50

Full-Text Articles in Education

The Role Of Mechanical Injury In An Experimental Transmission Of Flexibacter Columnaris To Fingerling Walleye, Manzoor Hussain, Robert C. Summerfelt Jan 1991

The Role Of Mechanical Injury In An Experimental Transmission Of Flexibacter Columnaris To Fingerling Walleye, Manzoor Hussain, Robert C. Summerfelt

Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science: JIAS

The role of mechanical injury in transmission of Flexibacter columnaris to walleye fingerlings (Stizostedion vitreum vitreum) was investigated. Two groups (1 and 2) of 10 fish each, 7 to 9 cm total length, were exposed to a suspension of F lexibacter columnaris containing 3 X 105 cfu/ mL; fish in group 1 were injured with a scratch along their flank; fish in group 2 were not injured. Two control groups (3 and 4) of 5 fish each were exposed to a sterile broth; group 3 was injured with a scratch and group 4 was not. In 72 h, morbidity was …


Relative Abundance Of Eastern Screech-Owls In A South-Central Iowa Township, David E. Geus, John B. Bowles Jan 1991

Relative Abundance Of Eastern Screech-Owls In A South-Central Iowa Township, David E. Geus, John B. Bowles

Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science: JIAS

Roadside playback surveys of Eastern Screech-Owls were conducted each spring and fall from September 1984 through April 1986 in Summit Township, Marion County, Iowa. An average of 18 screech-owls were located during each survey, often near riparian woodland. Screech-owl population densities (0.1-0.2 owls/km2) were comparable to those in other regions.


Editorial Board & Iowa Academy Of Science Officers And Directors Jan 1991

Editorial Board & Iowa Academy Of Science Officers And Directors

Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science: JIAS

No abstract provided.


Food Habits Of The Northern Saw-Whet Owl In Central Iowa: Effects Of Roost Location, Stephen J. Dinsmore, William R. Clark Jan 1991

Food Habits Of The Northern Saw-Whet Owl In Central Iowa: Effects Of Roost Location, Stephen J. Dinsmore, William R. Clark

Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science: JIAS

During the period 1979-89, 900 northern saw-whet owl (Aegolius acadicus) pellets with identifable remains of prey were collected at 18 central Iowa locations. Peromyscus were the most frequent prey consumed, comprising 81.2% of all prey items. Other prey species were voles (Microtus), western harvest mice (Reithrodontomys megalotis), shrews (Blarina brevicauda, Sorex cinereus, and Cryptotis parva), and a single unidentified bird. Peromyscus comprised the largest proportion of pellets from different successional stages. There were significant differences for four prey groups (Peromyscus, Microtus, Reithrodontomys, and shrews) among years. Peromyscus and R. megalotis showed significant differences among locations. Microtus and shrews were variable …


Comparison Of Dinitrogen Fixation And Nitrogen Transfer Potentials Of Four Red Clover Cultivars, D. E. Farnham, A. P. Mallarino, W. F. Wedin, I. T. Carlson Jan 1991

Comparison Of Dinitrogen Fixation And Nitrogen Transfer Potentials Of Four Red Clover Cultivars, D. E. Farnham, A. P. Mallarino, W. F. Wedin, I. T. Carlson

Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science: JIAS

The capacity to fix atmospheric N2 and thus reduce the use of N fertilizer is an important reason for including legumes in forage mixtures. Selection for more efficient N2 fixation could improve red clover (Trifolium prateme L.) (RC) production and its contribution to soil fertility. An isotope dilution study was conducted in two greenhouse experiments to compare the N2 fixation and N transfer potentials of three commercial and one experimental RC cultivars. The experimental cultivar APR-8701 was selected for traits related to increased N2 fixation (rate of acetylene reduction, root size and branch number, and nodule …


Back Cover Jan 1991

Back Cover

Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science: JIAS

No abstract provided.


Middle Woodland Field Camps In The Cedar Valley, Michael J. Perry Jan 1991

Middle Woodland Field Camps In The Cedar Valley, Michael J. Perry

Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science: JIAS

Archaeological survey and testing of two proposed road projects within the Cedar River valley resulted in the location of several prehistoric occupational sites. Ceramics recovered at three of the sites, 13LN226, 13LN236, and 13LN243, are identified as late Middle Woodland period specimens, dating to ca. A.D. 200. The three sites border Cedar River tributaries, occupying high terrace formations within the broad bottomlands of the Cedar valley. The type and distribution of artifacts suggest that 13LN236 and 13LN243 functioned as repeatedly utilized, short-term extractive and processing camps. Previous research at sites of similar age focused on small, protected rockshelters and large, …


Back Cover Jan 1991

Back Cover

Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science: JIAS

No abstract provided.


Cover - Table Of Contents Jan 1991

Cover - Table Of Contents

Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science: JIAS

No abstract provided.


The Axr1 Mutation Of Arabidopsis Is Expressed 10 Booth Roots And Shoots, Cythia Lincoln, Mark Estelle Jan 1991

The Axr1 Mutation Of Arabidopsis Is Expressed 10 Booth Roots And Shoots, Cythia Lincoln, Mark Estelle

Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science: JIAS

In order to identify genes involved in auxin action we have isolated a number of mutants of Arabidopsis thaliana which are resistant co exogenous application of either indole-3-acetic acid or 2, 4-dichlorophenoxyacecic acid. One of the genes identified in chis way is the Axr1 gene. Recessive mutations in this gene confer resistance co auxin as well as a number of morphological defects. In this report we describe the isolation of at least two new axr1 alleles. In addition, we show that the axr1 mutation affects gravitropic growth of the root, auxin-induced ethylene biosynthesis and growth in tissue culture. Our results …


Regulation Of Phytochrome Gene Expression, J. T. Colbert, S. A. Costigan, P. Avissar, Z. Zhao Jan 1991

Regulation Of Phytochrome Gene Expression, J. T. Colbert, S. A. Costigan, P. Avissar, Z. Zhao

Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science: JIAS

In etiolated oat seedlings exposure to red light results in a decrease in the transcription of the phytochrome genes, the abundance of phytochrome mRNA, and the level of phytochrome protein. Phytochrome itself serves as the photoreceptor for the response of decreased mRNA and transcription levels. The decrease in phytochrome mRNA is sensitive to low levels of Pfr. Even green "safelight" is capable of inducing a decrease in phytochrome mRNA abundance. Barley phytochrome mRNA abundance is also dramatically down-regulated in response to red light but other plant species vary in their ability to decrease phytochrome mRNA abundance after red light treatment. …


Cover - Table Of Contents Jan 1991

Cover - Table Of Contents

Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science: JIAS

No abstract provided.


Vascular Flora Of Arend's Kettle, Freda Haffner Kettlehole State Preserve, Dickinson County, Iowa, Edwin L. Freese, William J. Platt Jan 1991

Vascular Flora Of Arend's Kettle, Freda Haffner Kettlehole State Preserve, Dickinson County, Iowa, Edwin L. Freese, William J. Platt

Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science: JIAS

Arend's Kettle is a 5 ha glacial landform in Dickinson County, Iowa. The flora of this kettle was studied over two years prior to acquisition by the Nature Conservancy in 1973. The known vascular flora of Arend's Kettle as of 1973 consisted of 299 species, representing 177 genera and 59 families. The vegetation ranged from xeric short grass prairie along the rims of the kettle to mesic prairie along the middle and lower slopes. In the bottom of the kettle, there was a marsh/seasonal pond community that varied greatly in the amount of water present, depending on rainfall within the …


Front Matter Jan 1991

Front Matter

Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science: JIAS

No abstract provided.


Solid Substrate Room-Temperature Phosphorescence Of Phenothiazine And Related Compounds, William D. Savage, Ronald T. Pflaum, Catherine Hinga Haustein Jan 1991

Solid Substrate Room-Temperature Phosphorescence Of Phenothiazine And Related Compounds, William D. Savage, Ronald T. Pflaum, Catherine Hinga Haustein

Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science: JIAS

The room-temperature phosphorescence characteristics of phenothiazine, phenothiazine-based pharmaceuticals, and related compounds are presented. It was found that substitution onto the parent ring produces little variation in RTP excitation and emission wavelengths, but electron withdrawing substituents reduce RTP intensity. Procedures for the determination of procaine and promethazine in urine and clorpromazine in whole blood are presented.


Comparison Of Mass Selection And S1 Testing Recurrent-Selection Methods In Sorghum, R. E. Secrist, R. E. Atkins Jan 1991

Comparison Of Mass Selection And S1 Testing Recurrent-Selection Methods In Sorghum, R. E. Secrist, R. E. Atkins

Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science: JIAS

Mass selection and S1 testing are often used for the improvement of sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] populations. Both recurrent selection methods have a place in applied breeding programs and should be used where they are likely to be most advantageous. S1 families of a random-mating sorghum population mass selected three cycles (C3) for individual-panicle weight [IAP1R(M)C3] were compared with S1 families from a population (C3) advanced from the same base (CO) population by using replicated yield tests in each cycle [ IAP4R(S1)C3]. Our objectives were to compare the performance in C3 of families developed …


Area-Dependent Changes In Bird Densities In Iowa Marshes, Mike Brown, James J. Dinsmore Jan 1991

Area-Dependent Changes In Bird Densities In Iowa Marshes, Mike Brown, James J. Dinsmore

Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science: JIAS

Species richness and density of Iowa marsh birds were positively correlated with marsh area, but area accounted for 69% of the variation in species richness and only 19% of the variation in density. Although densities of five of nine species examined correlated with marsh area, total density was not significantly correlated with area when the effects of species richness were eliminated. Area was the most frequent significant variable in regression equations for species richness, total density, and the densities of nine individual species on six variables. Unlike species-area relationships, density-area relationships are relatively weak, and knowledge of other ecological factors …


Genetic Variation Among And Within S1 Progenies Of Maize, R. J. Getschman, A. R. Hallauer Jan 1991

Genetic Variation Among And Within S1 Progenies Of Maize, R. J. Getschman, A. R. Hallauer

Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science: JIAS

Inbred line development consumes a great portion of the breeder's time and resources in maize (Zea mays L.) breeding programs. Source populations for line development often are developed by selfing F2 populations developed from elite line crosses. Visual selection is practiced among and within selfed progenies during the selection process for one or two generations before evaluated in testcrosses for combining ability. Effective discrimination among and within inbred and testcross progenies depends on the amount of genetic variation present. The objective of this study was to determine the effectiveness of selection among and within S1 progenies developed from crosses …


Editorial Board & Iowa Academy Of Science Officers And Directors Jan 1991

Editorial Board & Iowa Academy Of Science Officers And Directors

Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science: JIAS

No abstract provided.


Front Matter Jan 1991

Front Matter

Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science: JIAS

No abstract provided.


Iowa's Climate As Projected By The Global Climate Model Of The Goddard Institute For Space Studies For A Doubling Of Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide, E. S. Takle, S. Zhong Jan 1991

Iowa's Climate As Projected By The Global Climate Model Of The Goddard Institute For Space Studies For A Doubling Of Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide, E. S. Takle, S. Zhong

Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science: JIAS

Results of a global climate model that simulates climate under a doubling of atmospheric carbon dioxide (estimated to occur by the latter half of the twenty first century) have been interpolated to Iowa. Summer temperatures under such a doubling are projected to rise by 4 to 7°F (2.2 to 3.9°C) and winter temperatures by 10 to 11° (5.6 to 6.1°C). Estimates of space heating and cooling demands from these data suggest a 30 to 35% decrease in space heat demand and a 200 to 300% increase in space cooling demand. Temperature variability is projected to decrease. Precipitation estimates from global …


Studies Of The Precambrian Geology Of Iowa: Part 1. The Otter Creek Layered Igneous Complex, Kenneth E. Windom, Karl E. Seifert, Raymond R. Anderson Jan 1991

Studies Of The Precambrian Geology Of Iowa: Part 1. The Otter Creek Layered Igneous Complex, Kenneth E. Windom, Karl E. Seifert, Raymond R. Anderson

Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science: JIAS

Rocks from a buried igneous body, herein called the Otter Creek layered igneous complex, were recovered by drilling in Archean rocks in northwestern Iowa. This complex consists of layers of ultramafic and mafic cumulate rocks, including bronzitite, harzburgite, dunite, gabbro, and anorthosite. These rocks have been subjected to low-grade metamorphism with a patagenesis including serpentine, chlorite, talc, uralitic amphiboles, magnetite, albite, epidote, sericite, and minor quartz and calcite. During its intrusion, the magma which gave rise to the layered body engulfed a large block of rock consisting of banded iron formation and thin lamprophyre dikes. Both the iron formation and …


Studies Of The Precambrian Geology Of Iowa: Part 2. The Matlock Keratophyre, Kenneth E. Windom, Karl E. Seifert, Raymond R. Anderson Jan 1991

Studies Of The Precambrian Geology Of Iowa: Part 2. The Matlock Keratophyre, Kenneth E. Windom, Karl E. Seifert, Raymond R. Anderson

Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science: JIAS

Felsic pyroclastic rock occurs in the Precambrian basement in northwestern Iowa. This rock was recovered by drilling and originally logged as rhyolite; however it is severely depleted in K2O, Rb, Ba, Cs, and other mobile elements and is more properly called keratophyre. The volcanic unit lies atop a layered mafic/ultramafic complex and contains xenoliths of gabbro apparently derived from the layered body. These xenoliths are severely altered and are composed of secondary hydrated and carbonated minerals. The gabbros are enriched in incompatible trace elements, whose abundance patterns complement those of the keratophyre. Trace element abundance patterns for the …


Index For Volume 98 Jan 1991

Index For Volume 98

Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science: JIAS

No abstract provided.


Editorial Board & Iowa Academy Of Science Officers And Directors Jan 1991

Editorial Board & Iowa Academy Of Science Officers And Directors

Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science: JIAS

No abstract provided.


Front Matter Jan 1991

Front Matter

Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science: JIAS

No abstract provided.


Radon In Iowa Homes: Results Of Screening Measurements, Laurent Hodges, Lynne Gillette Jan 1991

Radon In Iowa Homes: Results Of Screening Measurements, Laurent Hodges, Lynne Gillette

Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science: JIAS

Homeowner-initiated short-term radon screening measurements in Iowa homes show that only about 30% of the homes have low enough radon levels - below 148 Bq/m (4.0 pC1/L) - that no follow-up measurements are necessary. Over 6 percent of the homes have screening measurements in excess of 740 Bq/m3 (20 pCi/L), a level at which prompt follow-up measurements are recommended. In all parts of the state, the range of radon results extends from low levels (below 37 Bq/m3 = 1 pCi/L) to high levels (above 740 Bq/m3). The average radon results tend to be higher than the …


An Annotated Checklist Of The Vascular Plant Flora Of Guthrie County, Iowa, Dean M. Roosa, Lawrence J. Eilers, Scott Zager Jan 1991

An Annotated Checklist Of The Vascular Plant Flora Of Guthrie County, Iowa, Dean M. Roosa, Lawrence J. Eilers, Scott Zager

Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science: JIAS

The known vascular plant flora of Guthrie County, Iowa, based on field, herbarium, and literature studies, consists of 748 taxa (species, varieties, and hybrids), 135 of which are naturalized. Species which appear on the state's list of endangered and threatened species, or are otherwise rare, are discussed.

There is an affinity of the plants of Guthrie County with those of the Ozark plateau, and with specialized habitats providing extensions of ranges for species normally found farther north or east.


Annual Report Of The Iowa Academy Of Science, 1989-90, Paul E. Rider Jan 1991

Annual Report Of The Iowa Academy Of Science, 1989-90, Paul E. Rider

Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science: JIAS

Starting in 1976, annual reports have served as a continuing record of the activities of the Iowa Academy of Science. These augment a 100 year history of the Academy which was written in the centennial year of 1975.

This report covers the period from July 1, 1989 to June 30, 1990. It is based on the official records of the Academy (committee reports, Board minutes, correspondence) as well as the recollections, impressions and musings of the author.


Journal Of The Iowa Academy Of Science Submission Form And Instruction Sheet Jan 1991

Journal Of The Iowa Academy Of Science Submission Form And Instruction Sheet

Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science: JIAS

No abstract provided.