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Health and Physical Education

2023

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Full-Text Articles in Education

Influence Of Beta And Theta Waves As Predictors Of Simple And Complex Reaction Times In Examined Groups Of Judo Athletes During The Vienna Test, Magdalena Pronczuk, Tomasz Chamera, Alicja Markiel, Jerzy Markowski, Jan Pilch, Piotr Żmijewski, Adam Maszczyk Dec 2023

Influence Of Beta And Theta Waves As Predictors Of Simple And Complex Reaction Times In Examined Groups Of Judo Athletes During The Vienna Test, Magdalena Pronczuk, Tomasz Chamera, Alicja Markiel, Jerzy Markowski, Jan Pilch, Piotr Żmijewski, Adam Maszczyk

Baltic Journal of Health and Physical Activity

Introduction: This research aimed to investigate which waves, Theta or Beta, are significant predictors of visual simple and complex reaction times during the Vienna test, using regression modeling. The research material comprised the test results of male judo athletes (n = 24), selected through mixed sampling (purposive and random). The study was conducted in two cycles, differentiated by frequency but with the same duration of EEG biofeedback sessions, in both the control and experimental groups. The first cycle of the study consisted of 15 sessions held every other day. Each training session lasted for 4 minutes. The second series …


The Effectiveness Of Resistance Exercises Performed On Stable And Unstable Surfaces In Relation To Torso Activation, Radim Jebavy, Dusan Blazek, Helena Vomackova, Jan Vavra, Jan Busta, Anna Pisz, Petr Stastny Dec 2023

The Effectiveness Of Resistance Exercises Performed On Stable And Unstable Surfaces In Relation To Torso Activation, Radim Jebavy, Dusan Blazek, Helena Vomackova, Jan Vavra, Jan Busta, Anna Pisz, Petr Stastny

Baltic Journal of Health and Physical Activity

Introduction: Deep stabilization system (DSS) strength and endurance are crucial for injury prevention and athletic performance. Training surfaces can influence training outcomes; therefore, this study aimed to compare the impact of performing strength trunk exercises on unstable and stable surfaces with conventional trunk exercises. Materials and Methods: DSS and trunk stability were assessed before and after 10 weeks of three different training interventions among twenty elite futsal players. Each intervention included 25 strength training sessions. Pre- and post-tests encompassed various measurements, including diaphragm, trunk flexion, trunk back extension, hip flexion, intraabdominal pressure, side plank, pronation, and supination tests. Results: Conventional …


Reducing Food Scarcity: The Benefits Of Urban Farming, S.A. Claudell, Emilio Mejia Dec 2023

Reducing Food Scarcity: The Benefits Of Urban Farming, S.A. Claudell, Emilio Mejia

Journal of Nonprofit Innovation

Urban farming can enhance the lives of communities and help reduce food scarcity. This paper presents a conceptual prototype of an efficient urban farming community that can be scaled for a single apartment building or an entire community across all global geoeconomics regions, including densely populated cities and rural, developing towns and communities. When deployed in coordination with smart crop choices, local farm support, and efficient transportation then the result isn’t just sustainability, but also increasing fresh produce accessibility, optimizing nutritional value, eliminating the use of ‘forever chemicals’, reducing transportation costs, and fostering global environmental benefits.

Imagine Doris, who is …


Comparison Of The Effects Of The Three Methods Of Massage, Selected Yoga Exercises And Massage-Yoga Combination On The Depression In Elderly Women, Elham Piri, Behnam Ghasemi, Ali Shafizadeh Dec 2023

Comparison Of The Effects Of The Three Methods Of Massage, Selected Yoga Exercises And Massage-Yoga Combination On The Depression In Elderly Women, Elham Piri, Behnam Ghasemi, Ali Shafizadeh

Baltic Journal of Health and Physical Activity

Introduction: The present study aims to compare the effects of massage, selected yoga exercises and massage-yoga combination methods on symptoms of depression. Materials and Methods: According to the research criteria, 60 available samples were selected and randomly divided into three experimental groups and single control one. The Beck Depression Inventory was completed by the examinees before the intervention, two months after its beginning and one month after ending. Each experimental group received one of the massage interventions, selected yoga exercises and massage-yoga combination for eight weeks, three sessions per week and for a period of 40 minutes per session. The …


Effects Of Attending To A 12-Week Structured Physical Activity Program On Fitness And Self-Perception Levels Of Obese Primary Schoolchildren, Yetkin Utku Kamuk, Spiridon Kamtsios Dec 2023

Effects Of Attending To A 12-Week Structured Physical Activity Program On Fitness And Self-Perception Levels Of Obese Primary Schoolchildren, Yetkin Utku Kamuk, Spiridon Kamtsios

Baltic Journal of Health and Physical Activity

Introduction: Childhood obesity is a major health problem especially for schoolchildren both physically and mentally. The study was conducted to assess the effects of the structured physical activity (PA) program on the physical fitness (PF) and self-perception levels of obese schoolchildren. Materials and Methods: A total of 67 students aged 9-11 were recruited and the experimental group (n = 27) was attended to exercises once per week for 60 mins for 12 weeks. Self-perception Scale for Children and PF tests were applied as pre- and post-tests. Results: 12-week PA sessions improved obese schoolchildren’s self-perception levels in general self-worth, athletic …


Effects Of Screen Time On Children's Brain Development: A Scoping Review, Niloofar Jannesar, Todd E. Davenport, Lindsay Gietzen Dec 2023

Effects Of Screen Time On Children's Brain Development: A Scoping Review, Niloofar Jannesar, Todd E. Davenport, Lindsay Gietzen

Pacific Journal of Health

In this scoping review, the effects of screen time on cognitive, linguistic, and social-emotional development in children were studied by examining peer-reviewed articles published between 2018 and 2023. A total of 17 peer-reviewed articles were used in the study. The research reported that screen media provide a learning avenue, though it could be detrimental when children spend their time watching more than appropriate screen media. Furthermore, the study indicated that excessive screen media use may harm children’s executive function, which affects academic performance and language development. Related studies have also shown a correlation between excess screen use and problems like …


The Role Of Teachers (De-)Motivational Styles On Students’ Autonomous Motivation In Physical Education And Leisure Time, Henri Tilga, Kaija Vahtra, Andre Koka Dec 2023

The Role Of Teachers (De-)Motivational Styles On Students’ Autonomous Motivation In Physical Education And Leisure Time, Henri Tilga, Kaija Vahtra, Andre Koka

Baltic Journal of Health and Physical Activity

Introduction: The aim of this research was to examine the relationships of four perceived teaching styles (i.e., autonomy support, structure, control, and chaos) of physical education (PE) teachers with students’ satisfaction of psychological needs as well as autonomous and controlled motivation towards physical activity in PE and leisure time context. Materials and Methods: 320 students (166 boys and 154 girls) aged from 12 to 18 years old (M = 14.13, SD = 1.6) participated in the study. In this cross-sectional study, participants filled in a questionnaire of study variables. A variance-based structural equation model was employed to test the study …


How Do Staff And Families Perceive The Effects Of After School Programs On The Overall School Experience?, Selena Alonzo Dec 2023

How Do Staff And Families Perceive The Effects Of After School Programs On The Overall School Experience?, Selena Alonzo

Masters Theses

No abstract provided.


Physical Therapists And Physical Therapy Assistants’ Readiness Levels To Deliver Telehealth Services: A Survey Analysis, Bhavana Raja, Alicia Rabena-Amen, David Gillette, Preeti Oza, Todd E. Davenport Dec 2023

Physical Therapists And Physical Therapy Assistants’ Readiness Levels To Deliver Telehealth Services: A Survey Analysis, Bhavana Raja, Alicia Rabena-Amen, David Gillette, Preeti Oza, Todd E. Davenport

Internet Journal of Allied Health Sciences and Practice

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate physical therapists (PT) and physical therapy assistants’ (PTA) readiness to deliver telehealth (TH) services during COVID-19 pandemic. Method: IRB approved this survey analysis study. The Modified Maryland TH Readiness Assessment Tool (mMTRAT) was distributed by email to all licensed PTs and PTAs in California in October 2020. One-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used to compare between-groups differences for continuous demographic data. Pearson chi-square analysis was used to assess between-group distributions of categorical data. The statistical significance of between-groups median mMTRAT scores was assessed using the Mann-Whitney U test. Statistical significance …


Association Of The G>A (Rs6265) Polymorphism In The Brain Derived Neurotrophic Factor Gene (Bdnf) With Post-Training Changes In Caucasian Women, Katarzyna Świtała, Agata Leońska-Duniec, Monika Michałowska-Sawczyn, Andrzej Brodkiewicz, Kinga Łosińska, Anna Grzywacz Dec 2023

Association Of The G>A (Rs6265) Polymorphism In The Brain Derived Neurotrophic Factor Gene (Bdnf) With Post-Training Changes In Caucasian Women, Katarzyna Świtała, Agata Leońska-Duniec, Monika Michałowska-Sawczyn, Andrzej Brodkiewicz, Kinga Łosińska, Anna Grzywacz

Baltic Journal of Health and Physical Activity

The brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) rs6265 (G196A; Val66Met) polymorphism has been associated with obesity and type 2 diabetes, with contradictory results involving either A or G as the risk allele. The main aim of this study was to examine whether the BDNF rs6265 polymorphism would influence the efficiency of a training program. An additional aim was to determine whether selected polymorphism can be used as a genetic marker for obesity-related parameters. We studied the genotype distribution in a group of 160 Caucasian females in whom body mass and composition parameters, lipid profile, and glucose levels were measured before …


Test Event Example 12/14/23, Metzalli Demolastname Dec 2023

Test Event Example 12/14/23, Metzalli Demolastname

Annual Research Symposium

No abstract provided.


Educación Física, Recreación Y Deportes En Tiempos De Pandemia Y Confinamiento, Carlos Alberto Romero Cuestas Dec 2023

Educación Física, Recreación Y Deportes En Tiempos De Pandemia Y Confinamiento, Carlos Alberto Romero Cuestas

Ciencias del Deporte y la Educación Física

El desarrollo del libro está basado en el diálogo y la socialización de los resultados de las investigaciones adelantadas en países como México, Argentina y Colombia con el fin de dar una mirada a las experiencias en el contexto de la educación física, la recreación y el deporte. desde la perspectiva de los expertos que participaron como ponentes en el V Seminario Internacional de Actualización en Educación Física, Recreación y Deporte organizado por la Universidad de Cundinamarca. En este sentido, el seminario se convirtió en un espacio translocal de reflexión con miradas diferentes de países latinoamericanos desde sus dinámicas de …


Medicine Balls Training In The Sequence Of Complex Handball Training Versus Only Handball Training: Effects On Physical Fitness In Pre-Adolescence Female Handball Players, Natalia Chukhlantseva Dec 2023

Medicine Balls Training In The Sequence Of Complex Handball Training Versus Only Handball Training: Effects On Physical Fitness In Pre-Adolescence Female Handball Players, Natalia Chukhlantseva

Baltic Journal of Health and Physical Activity

Introduction: The inclusion of the training process of pre-adolescent female athletes with additional means helps to optimize exercise influences. The study aims to estimate the influence of a 16-week program of handball training with medicine balls in comparison with a program of handball training on the physical and special training of beginner handball players. Methods: Female athletes were randomly divided into an experimental (n = 30; 11.23 ±0.41 years) and a control (n = 32; 10.99 ± 0.4 years) group. Training sessions of both groups were conducted according to the existing curriculum, but the experimental group replaced part …


Implications Of California State Standards In Relation To Disordered Eating For School Aged Children, Jessica De Mott Dec 2023

Implications Of California State Standards In Relation To Disordered Eating For School Aged Children, Jessica De Mott

Capstone Projects and Master's Theses

Food is a part of people’s lives, even when it is not acknowledged. It is distinctly tied to various cultures, ethnicities, and religions; with elements of restriction and gluttony abundant. Then, there is the complication of modern nutrition and health education that is taught in American, and more specifically in Californian schools. But, the education received on this issue has failed some students. Many school aged children reported that they experienced disordered eating, and learning content has further exacerbated this issue. This senior capstone research will examine the implications of California State Standards in relation to disordered eating for school …


Maximizing Dietary Knowledge And Behavior Through A Teens As Teachers Approach, Anaderi Iniguez, Erica L. Doering, Elizabeth H. Weybright Dec 2023

Maximizing Dietary Knowledge And Behavior Through A Teens As Teachers Approach, Anaderi Iniguez, Erica L. Doering, Elizabeth H. Weybright

The Journal of Extension

The teens as teachers model is a promising approach to impact teen behavior. The current study evaluated dietary knowledge and behavior among teen teachers participating in a 4-H youth development program (N = 46; Mage = 15.5 years; 67% female; 48% Hispanic; 38% White Non-Hispanic, 14% Other). A paired sample t test was conducted on pre-and post-program surveys to identify significant improvements in dietary knowledge and behaviors. Findings suggest teens as teachers is generally effective in promoting healthy dietary knowledge and behavior. We recommend this approach be disseminated within Extension 4-H youth development healthy eating active living programming.


Promoting Patient Mobility To Decrease Hospital Length Of Stay, Saira Kinuthia Nov 2023

Promoting Patient Mobility To Decrease Hospital Length Of Stay, Saira Kinuthia

Student Scholarly Projects

Practice Problem: Promoting patient mobility may reduce hospital-acquired complications and length of stay (LOS). Evidence-based studies have established that there is a correlation between immobility and an increased length of stay in the hospital. How can nurse-driven mobility interventions effectively increase patient mobility and reduce the risk of complications and length of hospital stay?

PICOT: The PICOT question that guided this project was: For veteran patients in the Progressive Care unit (PCU) of a medical center (P), will using the Johns Hopkins Highest Level of Mobility tool (JH-HLM) (I) compared to not using a mobility tool (C) decrease hospital length …


Extended Range Of Motion Does Not Induce Greater Muscle Damage Than Conventional Range Of Motion In The Bench Press Exercise, Patryk Matykiewicz, Michał Krzysztofik, Adam Zając Nov 2023

Extended Range Of Motion Does Not Induce Greater Muscle Damage Than Conventional Range Of Motion In The Bench Press Exercise, Patryk Matykiewicz, Michał Krzysztofik, Adam Zając

Baltic Journal of Health and Physical Activity

Introduction: Range of motion (ROM) of resistance exercise affects the muscle damage magnitude and the recovery-time course. Thus, the main aim of this study was to compare conventional and extended ROM in the bench press exercise on neuromuscular fatigue assessed by velocity changes during bench press throw, as well on the exercise-induced muscle damage evaluated by creatine kinase (CK) activity in the blood. Material and Methods: A total of fourteen healthy, well-trained males performed 5 sets of the bench press exercise at 70% of one repetition maximum with either standard (STD) and cambered (CMB) barbell until reaching volitional failure. CK …


He-4200 Health And Nutrition Syllabus, Mary Lou Fierle Ms. Nov 2023

He-4200 Health And Nutrition Syllabus, Mary Lou Fierle Ms.

Open Educational Resources

This is the syllabus for the course HE-4200 Health and Nutrition.


Perceived Fatigue And Physical Activity Enjoyment Following Indoor And Outdoor Moderately Heavy Superset Resistance Training, Korina K. Ziegler, Aaron Mckenzie, Wesley Ziegler, Spencer Maxwell, Bryson Carrier, Charli Aguilar, Alexandra Routsis, Talon Thorton, Jae Bovell, Setareh Zarei, Devin Green, Kathryn Lei A. Lavin, Amanda Hawkes, Jeffrey Cowley, Merrill Funk, James W. Navalta Facsm, Marcus M. Lawrence Nov 2023

Perceived Fatigue And Physical Activity Enjoyment Following Indoor And Outdoor Moderately Heavy Superset Resistance Training, Korina K. Ziegler, Aaron Mckenzie, Wesley Ziegler, Spencer Maxwell, Bryson Carrier, Charli Aguilar, Alexandra Routsis, Talon Thorton, Jae Bovell, Setareh Zarei, Devin Green, Kathryn Lei A. Lavin, Amanda Hawkes, Jeffrey Cowley, Merrill Funk, James W. Navalta Facsm, Marcus M. Lawrence

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

ACSM has again determined that resistance training (RT) and outdoor activities are two of the top ten worldwide fitness trends for 2023. We previously found that RT outdoors had a significantly lower perception of effort (RPE) compared to indoor RT, despite no physiological differences in heart rate (HR) and energy expenditure (EE). However, no study has examined other feelings during RT in indoor or outdoor settings. PURPOSE: To determine how indoor or outdoor environments effect perceptions of fatigue and physical activity enjoyment following RT in recreationally resistance trained adults. METHODS: Twenty-three adult participants (n=10 female, n=13 male) completed …


Repetition Count Concurrent Validity Of Various Garmin Wrist Watches During Light Circuit Resistance Training, Wesley F. Ziegler, Bryson Carrier, Charli D. Aguilar, David Pearce, Jocelyn M Graffius, Brynlie Ellingford, Wyatt Fullmer, Jeffrey Cowley, Merrill Funk, Nathaniel Bodell, James W. Navalta Facsm, Marcus M. Lawrence Nov 2023

Repetition Count Concurrent Validity Of Various Garmin Wrist Watches During Light Circuit Resistance Training, Wesley F. Ziegler, Bryson Carrier, Charli D. Aguilar, David Pearce, Jocelyn M Graffius, Brynlie Ellingford, Wyatt Fullmer, Jeffrey Cowley, Merrill Funk, Nathaniel Bodell, James W. Navalta Facsm, Marcus M. Lawrence

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Wearable technology and strength training with free weights are two of the top 5 fitness trends worldwide. However, minimal physiological research has been conducted on the two together and none have measured the accuracy of devices measuring repetition counts across exercises. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the concurrent validity of four wrist-worn Garmin devices, Instinct (x2), Fenix 6 Pro, and Vivoactive 3, to record repetition counts while performing 4 different exercises during circuit resistance training. METHODS: Twenty participants (n=10 female, n=10 male; age: 23.2 ± 7.7 years) completed this study. Participants completed 4 circuits …


Paroxysmal Atrial Fibrillation In A Life-Long Endurance Athlete: A Descriptive Case Study, Timothy Curry, Scott N. Drum Nov 2023

Paroxysmal Atrial Fibrillation In A Life-Long Endurance Athlete: A Descriptive Case Study, Timothy Curry, Scott N. Drum

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

The diagnosis of atrial fibrillation (AF) in lifelong endurance athletes occurs at a greater incidence over a lifetime vs the undertrained, general population. In fact, the more intense an aerobic-oriented person trains or races and over a greater amount of time, the higher the diagnosis of general cardiac arrhythmias. PURPOSE: Therefore, the primary aim was to observe the cumulative effects of life-long endurance training (since the age of 10-yrs old) and the yearly occurrences of paroxysmal AF (PAF) in an otherwise healthy, 53-yr-old male. METHODS: The complete health history of a 53-yr-old male (ht: 1.83 m, wt: 72.7 kg, …


The Effectiveness Of Running Power As A Metric Of Exercise Intensity During Running Interval Training, Eric A. Lambert, Dustin W. Davis, Matahn Blank, Tashari A. Carballo, Elias M. Malek, Kathryn Lei A. Lavin, Thea Sweder, Nicole Argueta, Marcus M. Lawrence, James W. Navalta, Jeffrey Cowley Nov 2023

The Effectiveness Of Running Power As A Metric Of Exercise Intensity During Running Interval Training, Eric A. Lambert, Dustin W. Davis, Matahn Blank, Tashari A. Carballo, Elias M. Malek, Kathryn Lei A. Lavin, Thea Sweder, Nicole Argueta, Marcus M. Lawrence, James W. Navalta, Jeffrey Cowley

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Wearable power meters are increasingly popular among runners with Coros and Stryd offering running power as a real-time, trackable of a metric. PURPOSE: This study compared running power (RP) to physiological measures, heart rate (HR) and oxygen consumption (VO2), across high and low intensity running intervals. METHODS: Thirteen adult participants (n = 6 male; height = 174.9 ± 6.9 cm; mass = 72.5 ± 12.0 kg) were equipped with a Stryd 27 RP meter, a Polar H10 HR monitor, and a Cosmed K5 portable metabolic unit. Participants’ self-selected RP was obtained during a 10-min run on …


Lumbopelvic Stability During A Single Leg Step Down Predicts Elbow Varus Torque During Baseball Pitching, Zachary J. Dezee, Adam J. Barrack, Kayla Bucci, Ryan J. Zerega, Rachel K. Straub, Andrew R. Karduna, Lori A. Michener Nov 2023

Lumbopelvic Stability During A Single Leg Step Down Predicts Elbow Varus Torque During Baseball Pitching, Zachary J. Dezee, Adam J. Barrack, Kayla Bucci, Ryan J. Zerega, Rachel K. Straub, Andrew R. Karduna, Lori A. Michener

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

During a baseball pitch, energy is transferred from the lower extremities through the lumbopelvic junction to produce ball velocity. Reduced lumbopelvic stability has been associated with elbow injury in pitchers, and commonly ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) tears. The primary biomechanical mechanism of UCL tears is high elbow varus torque. Understanding how decreased lumbopelvic stability influences the development of elbow varus torque could identify risk factors of UCL elbow injury. PURPOSE: Characterize the predictive ability of lumbopelvic stability on elbow varus torque during a baseball pitch. METHODS: NCAA Division 1 baseball players (N=44; 19.6+1.3yrs) participated. Pitchers threw ten fastballs from a …


Rating Of Perceived Exertion, Average Heart Rate, And Energy Expenditure Following Indoor And Outdoor Moderately Heavy Superset Resistance Training, Spencer M. Maxwell, Bryson Carrier, Charli Aguilar, Korina Ziegler, Aaron Mckenzie, Wesley Zeigler, Alexandra Routsis, Talon Thorton, Setareh (Star) Zarei, Devin Green, Jae Bovell, Kathryn A. Lavin, Amanda Hawkes, Jeffrey C. Cowley, Merrill Funk, James W. Navalta Facsm, Marcus M. Lawrence Nov 2023

Rating Of Perceived Exertion, Average Heart Rate, And Energy Expenditure Following Indoor And Outdoor Moderately Heavy Superset Resistance Training, Spencer M. Maxwell, Bryson Carrier, Charli Aguilar, Korina Ziegler, Aaron Mckenzie, Wesley Zeigler, Alexandra Routsis, Talon Thorton, Setareh (Star) Zarei, Devin Green, Jae Bovell, Kathryn A. Lavin, Amanda Hawkes, Jeffrey C. Cowley, Merrill Funk, James W. Navalta Facsm, Marcus M. Lawrence

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Our lab recently found that light intensity circuit resistance training outdoors had a significantly lower perception of effort (RPE) compared to indoor resistance training, despite no physiological differences in heart rate and energy expenditure. However, no study has examined other intensities or set schemes in differing environmental settings. PURPOSE: To determine how indoor or outdoor environments effect rating of perceived exertion (RPE) following light and moderately heavy intensity superset resistance training in recreationally resistance trained adults. METHODS: Twenty-three adult participants completed this study (n=10 female, n=13 male; age: 26.1±8.8 yrs; height: 172.2±9.5 cm; mass: 73.4±18.7 kg; RT experience: …


Heart Rate And Energy Expenditure Concurrent Validity Of Identical Garmin Wrist Watches During Moderately Heavy Resistance Training, Talon Thornton, Wesley Ziegler, Spencer Maxwell, Aaron Mckenzie, Alexandra Routsis, Korina Ziegler, Bryson Carrier, Charli Aguilar, Devin Green, Jae Bovell, Kathryn A. Lavin, Setareh (Star) Zarei, Jeffrey C. Cowley, Amanda Hawkes, Merrill Funk, James W. Navalta Facsm, Marcus M. Lawrence Nov 2023

Heart Rate And Energy Expenditure Concurrent Validity Of Identical Garmin Wrist Watches During Moderately Heavy Resistance Training, Talon Thornton, Wesley Ziegler, Spencer Maxwell, Aaron Mckenzie, Alexandra Routsis, Korina Ziegler, Bryson Carrier, Charli Aguilar, Devin Green, Jae Bovell, Kathryn A. Lavin, Setareh (Star) Zarei, Jeffrey C. Cowley, Amanda Hawkes, Merrill Funk, James W. Navalta Facsm, Marcus M. Lawrence

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Consistent with previous years, ACSM has found that wearable technology and resistance training (RT) are two of the top 5 fitness trends in 2023. Our lab recently found that wrist-worn devices, such as Garmin Instinct, are neither valid nor reliable at measuring average or maximal heart rate (HR) or estimating energy expenditure (EE) following light intensity circuit RT. We postulated that the errors may have been due to the device’s algorithms assuming higher intensity during RT. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the concurrent validity of identical Garmin Instinct wrist-watches to record valid measures of average …


Bodyfat As A Predictor Of The Peace Office Physical Aptitude Test In Police Cadets, Angelo Mangione, Mattison Maret, Bridget Melton, Anthony Acevedo, Zachary Zeigler Nov 2023

Bodyfat As A Predictor Of The Peace Office Physical Aptitude Test In Police Cadets, Angelo Mangione, Mattison Maret, Bridget Melton, Anthony Acevedo, Zachary Zeigler

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Body composition is a measurement that is rarely assessed before police cadets enter the academy. The Peace Office Physical Aptitude Test (POPAT) is a required assessment for police cadets. PURPOSE: This pilot study aims to determine if body composition, upper body strength, and lower body power can predict performance on the POPAT in police cadets. METHODS: Maricopa County Sheriff’s Office (MCSO) cadets were asked to complete the handheld grip test to assess upper extremity strength, vertical jump to assess lower extremity power, and body fat percentage (%BF) using an ultrasound machine. Fat-Free Mass Index (FFMI) was used to …


Bmi Superior To Fat-Free Mass Index And Fat Mass Index For Predicting Arterial Stiffness In College Students, Amanda Callaghan, Kennedy Kerbs, Kyndal Downing, Zachary Zeigler Nov 2023

Bmi Superior To Fat-Free Mass Index And Fat Mass Index For Predicting Arterial Stiffness In College Students, Amanda Callaghan, Kennedy Kerbs, Kyndal Downing, Zachary Zeigler

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Arterial stiffness is a significant predictor of cardiovascular disease and mortality. Body mass index (BMI) has been used to predict cardiovascular disease outcomes but does not consider fat and lean mass. Fat mass index (FMI) and fat-free mass index (FFMI) may be superior to BMI in predicting arterial stiffness because it considers body composition. PURPOSE: This study aims to determine if FFMI and FMI are superior to BMI at predicting arterial stiffness in college students. METHODS: Participants came into the exercise physiology lab, signed consent, and then had anthropometric measurements of height and weight taken, as well as …


Is A Two-Day Cardiopulmonary Exercise Test A Valid Tool For The Diagnosis Of Post-Exertional Malaise In Long Covid?, Chiara Gattoni, Asghar Abbasi, Carrie Ferguson, Carly Heffernan, Elizabeth Dinnen, Olivia Heutlinger, Long-Co Nguyen, Charles W. Lanks, Thomas W. Decato, Richard Casaburi, Harry B. Rossiter, William W. Stringer Nov 2023

Is A Two-Day Cardiopulmonary Exercise Test A Valid Tool For The Diagnosis Of Post-Exertional Malaise In Long Covid?, Chiara Gattoni, Asghar Abbasi, Carrie Ferguson, Carly Heffernan, Elizabeth Dinnen, Olivia Heutlinger, Long-Co Nguyen, Charles W. Lanks, Thomas W. Decato, Richard Casaburi, Harry B. Rossiter, William W. Stringer

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

A two-day cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) protocol (maximal ramp-incremental cycle test repeated 24hr apart) in myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome (ME/CFS) patients has suggested that day-2 performance is decreased relative to day-1. This difference has been attributed to post-exertional malaise (PEM), suggesting the two-day CPET as a protocol to investigate PEM in Long COVID (LC) patients. PURPOSE: We aimed to investigate any effects of PEM on exercise performance and cardiorespiratory and perceptual responses to a two-day CPET in LC patients to determine whether the day-1 CPET would impair performance, cardiorespiratory responses or perceptions of exercise at day-2. METHODS: Fifteen LC patients …


Validity And Reliability Of The Garmin Instinct In Measuring Heart Rate During Pickleball, Setareh Zarei, Samantha Cruz, Tashari A. Carballo, Bryson Carrier, Dustin W. Davis, Jae Bovell, Thea Sweder, Matahn Blank, Elias M. Malek, James W. Navalta Nov 2023

Validity And Reliability Of The Garmin Instinct In Measuring Heart Rate During Pickleball, Setareh Zarei, Samantha Cruz, Tashari A. Carballo, Bryson Carrier, Dustin W. Davis, Jae Bovell, Thea Sweder, Matahn Blank, Elias M. Malek, James W. Navalta

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Playing a racquet sport called pickleball is increasing in popularity every day in the United States. Garmin is a popular brand that manufactures wearable fitness trackers capable of measuring heart rate (HR). Because HR is a common way to determe exercise intensity, the validity and reliability of wearables to provide accurate HR during pickleball is important. PURPOSE: This study aimed to analyze and assess the validity and reliability of HR from the Garmin Instinct vs. Polar H10 (criterion) during pickleball. METHODS: Eleven adults (2 female, 8 male, 1 prefer not to disclose; age = 28.1 ± 9.2 years; …


Stress And Eating Behaviors Pre- And Post Covid-19 Pandemic Declaration In A Sample Of College-Aged Adults, Megan Bratetic, Michelle Nguyen, Makenna Peterson, Anthony Acevedo, Zachary Zeigler Nov 2023

Stress And Eating Behaviors Pre- And Post Covid-19 Pandemic Declaration In A Sample Of College-Aged Adults, Megan Bratetic, Michelle Nguyen, Makenna Peterson, Anthony Acevedo, Zachary Zeigler

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Purpose: This study compared stress and eating behaviors pre- and post-COVID-19 pandemic in college students. METHODS: This was a non-experimental comparative study. Participants were invited to the laboratory for a single visit to measure eating behaviors and stress indicators. Four instruments were used in this study: The Weight and Lifestyle Inventory questionnaire, the Mindfulness Eating Questionnaire, the Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire, and the Perceived Stress Scale. Independent t-test and a two-way ANOVA were used to compare participants who were tested before the COVID-19 pandemic declaration and after. RESULTS: N=151 (n=81 male, n=70 female) participants completed pre-covid testing, and a separate group, …