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Family, Life Course, and Society

William & Mary

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Articles 1 - 22 of 22

Full-Text Articles in Education

How Direct Descendants Of A School Lockout Achieved Academic Success: Resilience In The Educational Attainments Of Prince Edward County's Children, Randolph Williams Jan 2013

How Direct Descendants Of A School Lockout Achieved Academic Success: Resilience In The Educational Attainments Of Prince Edward County's Children, Randolph Williams

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Children Serve Too: An Investigation Of The Impacts Of Military Family Life On Adult Relationships, Karena Heyward Jan 2012

Children Serve Too: An Investigation Of The Impacts Of Military Family Life On Adult Relationships, Karena Heyward

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Military involvement in Operations Iraqi Freedom, New Dawn and Enduring Freed 3131 brings a focus on military families to the forefront of public and governmental attention. The military family represents a distinct cultural context, as each family is immersed in "the prevailing values, norms, philosophies, customs and traditions of the armed forces" (Collins, 2000, p. 213, i.e., military culture). Thousands of families live within these unique communities, but little is known about the role of such family experiences upon the development of children and their transitions into adulthood or the impacts of military family life throughout adulthood. Specifically, few ...


The Impact Of The Academic Component Of Response To Intervention On Collective Efficacy, Parents' Trust In Schools, Referrals For Special Education, And Student Achievement, Lisa Lee Pennycuff Jan 2010

The Impact Of The Academic Component Of Response To Intervention On Collective Efficacy, Parents' Trust In Schools, Referrals For Special Education, And Student Achievement, Lisa Lee Pennycuff

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to determine the implementation status of Response to Intervention (RtI) in the elementary schools (N = 35) in one urban school district in Virginia. The relationship between the implementation of the academic components of RtI, collective efficacy, parents' trust in schools, the number of referrals for special education, and student achievement was also investigated. The factor analysis revealed that RtI for Academics included Universal Screening, Effective Instruction/Tiered Interventions, and Progress Monitoring. Family Involvement was determined to be a separate construct made up of two factors, Family Engagement and Physical Presence. The implementation status of ...


Hurricane Katrina Families: Social Class And The Family In Trauma Recovery, Emilie E. Godwin Jan 2009

Hurricane Katrina Families: Social Class And The Family In Trauma Recovery, Emilie E. Godwin

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Hurricane Katrina has profoundly altered the lives of New Orleans residents as they continue three years following the storm to attempt to rebuild their community and their lives. Natural disaster literature has historically focused on the impacts on individuals and correlating variables. Significant literature gaps exist regarding family systems and disaster and analysis of the relationship of social class to recovery. This qualitative investigation situated in an emancipatory paradigm investigated the relationship between social class and family changes for seven Katrina families self-identified as members of marginalized social classes. Study conclusions reveal significant shifts in family identities and a strong ...


Exploring Relational Processes In Families Of Gay Youth, Gregory Scott Meek Jan 2008

Exploring Relational Processes In Families Of Gay Youth, Gregory Scott Meek

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


An Exploration Of The Impact Of Family On The Achievement Of African American Gifted Learners Originating From Low -Income Environments, Joy L. Davis Jan 2007

An Exploration Of The Impact Of Family On The Achievement Of African American Gifted Learners Originating From Low -Income Environments, Joy L. Davis

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to determine what, if any, impact families have on the academic achievement of African American gifted learners from low income environments. This grounded theory study was designed to explore family and student perceptions of a complex set of variables related to families and home environments. The variables explored were based on a conceptual framework developed from previous research related to social capital and its uses within families with limited economic resources. Study participants were junior and senior level high school students and their parents.;Instruments included a demographic questionnaire with open-ended questions, a researcher-developed ...


An Examination Of The Relationship Between Ego Development And Parenting Styles, Cheri R. Harrell Jan 2004

An Examination Of The Relationship Between Ego Development And Parenting Styles, Cheri R. Harrell

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


A Qualitative Exploration Of Twelve Licensed Professional Counselors' Perspectives On The Construct Of Shame, Mary Katharine Kresser Jan 2003

A Qualitative Exploration Of Twelve Licensed Professional Counselors' Perspectives On The Construct Of Shame, Mary Katharine Kresser

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Racial Identity, Ethnic Identity, And Acculturation In Korean Adoptees, Kathleen Leilani Ja Bergquist Jan 2000

Racial Identity, Ethnic Identity, And Acculturation In Korean Adoptees, Kathleen Leilani Ja Bergquist

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This study explored the relationships between racial identity, ethnic identity, and acculturation in transracial Korean adopted adolescents. The research questions were as follows: What is the relationship between racial and ethnic identity for adoptees? What is the relationship between racial identity and adoptees' level of acculturation? What is the relationship between adoptees' level of acculturation and ethnic identity? The research was exploratory in nature and entailed a quantitative design comprised of (1) a demographic profile, (2) Helm's (1995) People of Color Scale to measure racial identity, (3) Suinn-Lew's (1992) Self-Identity Acculturation Scale (SL-ASIA) to measure ethnic identity, and ...


Resilience Profiles Of Young Children In Special Education And Poverty-Related Programs: The Role Of Protective Factors, Evelyn Reed-Victor Jan 1998

Resilience Profiles Of Young Children In Special Education And Poverty-Related Programs: The Role Of Protective Factors, Evelyn Reed-Victor

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


The Juggling Act Female Administrators Perform Between Their Professional And Nonprofessional Lives, Betsy Taylor Roesch Jan 1996

The Juggling Act Female Administrators Perform Between Their Professional And Nonprofessional Lives, Betsy Taylor Roesch

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to examine how full-time female college administrators juggle the responsibilities in their professional lives with those of their nonprofessional lives.;A total of thirty female administrators were selected from both private and public four-year institutions in eastern Virginia. Snowball sampling was used to identify the women who met the criteria of the study. The women were all full-time college administrators who had at least one child still living at home and at least one living parent. They were all members of the "sandwich generation". One-third of the women were African American.;Information on each ...


The Relationship Between Moral And Ego Development And Treatment Foster Parent Effectiveness And Attitudes, Brent Gentry Richardson Jan 1996

The Relationship Between Moral And Ego Development And Treatment Foster Parent Effectiveness And Attitudes, Brent Gentry Richardson

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

An extensive review of the literature on foster parent effectiveness yielded only one study (Horner and Ray, 1990) specifically focusing on "treatment" foster parents. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between moral and ego development and treatment foster parent effectiveness and attitudes. The Defining Issues Test, Washington University Sentence Completion Test, and Adult-Adolescent Parenting Inventory were administered to 103 treatment foster parents and the Treatment Foster Parent Effectiveness Scale was completed for each of the foster parents by their primary caseworker. The design was descriptive utilizing correlational comparisons between each of the variables. Additionally, the variables ...


An Extension Of Dyadic Counseling To Multi-Family Group Training With Application For Head Start Families, Janet J. Zanetti Jan 1996

An Extension Of Dyadic Counseling To Multi-Family Group Training With Application For Head Start Families, Janet J. Zanetti

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of one short-term training model, Parents and Children Together (PACT), on parent stress and child behavior for families enrolled in the Head Start program. PACT is a program of structured play activities designed to replicate the interactions between parents and children during the first developmental stage of life. PACT has been adapted, by the researcher, from a program called Theraplay developed for Head Start children by Ann Jernberg (1967).;Thirty families completed the study. Experimental and Control groups were formed from volunteer participants. Only Experimental subjects received training. Sessions were ...


A Comparative Study Of Brief And Time-Unlimited Marital Therapists, Sharon Kay Gilley Jan 1994

A Comparative Study Of Brief And Time-Unlimited Marital Therapists, Sharon Kay Gilley

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This was a descriptive study of 140 volunteer therapists in the Richmond, Virginia metropolitan area who identified themselves as either "brief" or "time-unlimited" in their practice of marital therapy. The sample, predominantly female and highly educated, had a mean age of 46.9 years.;For the purpose of this study, brief marital therapy was defined as eight or fewer therapeutic sessions within a 3-month period, and time-unlimited marital therapy was designated as therapy lasting longer than eight sessions or over 3 months. There were 60 self-identified brief marital therapists (BMTs) and 73 self-identified time-unlimited marital therapists (TUMTs). Subjects completed four ...


Responsibility As A Factor In Adjustment For Siblings Of Children With Retardation, Victoria Boccelli Damiani Jan 1993

Responsibility As A Factor In Adjustment For Siblings Of Children With Retardation, Victoria Boccelli Damiani

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Forty mothers of children with retardation and forty-one mothers of children without disabilities rated their nondisabled children on levels of in-home responsibility and psychological adjustment. Siblings of children with retardation were found to show significantly more difficulty in psychological adjustment but not more in-home responsibility. Mean scores on ratings of psychological adjustment were in the normal range for both groups. There was no relationship between the degree of responsibility the sibling had in the home and the degree of psychological difficulty. Girls in both groups had significantly more responsibility than boys. Mothers of children with disabilities did not report closer ...


Divorce Adjustment: Anxiety, Self-Esteem, And Locus-Of-Control, Grace John Hadeed Jan 1993

Divorce Adjustment: Anxiety, Self-Esteem, And Locus-Of-Control, Grace John Hadeed

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to examine personality factors related to adult divorce adjustment with a particular focus on anxiety, self esteem and locus of control.;Bowen Theory, with particular emphasis on the concept of differentiation of self, provided the theoretical rationale for this study. While Bowen related his concepts to marital and family functioning, the theory did not address the process of divorce. The present study attempted to fill a gap in the divorce literature by expanding Bowen Theory, with a primary investigative focus on adult post divorce adjustment and level of differentiation.;All 62 research subjects completed ...


Social Activity Among Sociology Alumni, Dawn June Riddle Jan 1992

Social Activity Among Sociology Alumni, Dawn June Riddle

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


A Validity Study Of The Control/Nurture Dimensions Of The Sale-Hendren Model Of Structural Family Therapy, Robert George Mahan Jan 1992

A Validity Study Of The Control/Nurture Dimensions Of The Sale-Hendren Model Of Structural Family Therapy, Robert George Mahan

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to validate a model of Structural Family Therapy promulgated by M. S. Sale and Thomas Hendren and in use by many public agencies in the Commonwealths of Virginia and North Carolina since 1981.;The Newport News Department of Social Services was chosen as the main site for the investigation as this author had learned the model while working there; and at the time the research began, all social workers at the agency were being trained in the model. Many middle to lower class SES clients were receiving SFT at the time for a variety ...


The Relationship Between The Content And Quality Of Ex-Spousal Interactions And The Adjustment Of Stepchildren: An Exploratory Study, Bradley Lawrence Elison Jan 1992

The Relationship Between The Content And Quality Of Ex-Spousal Interactions And The Adjustment Of Stepchildren: An Exploratory Study, Bradley Lawrence Elison

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between ex-spousal interactions following remarriage and the behavioral and emotional adjustment of stepchildren. The subjects for the study were volunteers and were recruited for the study either through The PACES Family Counseling Center at The College of William and Mary or through a networking sampling procedure. The study participants included stepchildren between the ages of 8 and 16, and their residential biological parents.;Thirty-one stepchild/biological-parent pairs participated in the study by completing a series of questionnaires relevant to ex-spousal interactions and children's adjustment. Ex-spousal interactions were assessed using ...


Reactions To Spousal Death Resulting From Cancer: A Descriptive Study Of Anticipatory Grief And The Cognitive Appraisal Of The Loss Of A Spouse, Jennifer Claire Kinyon Elison Jan 1991

Reactions To Spousal Death Resulting From Cancer: A Descriptive Study Of Anticipatory Grief And The Cognitive Appraisal Of The Loss Of A Spouse, Jennifer Claire Kinyon Elison

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This study described spousal reactions to loss following a cancer related death. Anticipatory grieving behaviors and variables unique to cancer were examined using Lazarus' cognitive appraisal paradigm. An interview which focused on self-reported changes in thoughts and feelings from time of diagnosis to the time of the death was administered by the researcher to thirty men and/or women whose spouses had died from cancer over the past two and a half years.;Individual responses to the interview questions were categorized according to type of response. The findings suggest that the majority of men and/or women whose spouses have ...


Siblings Of Elementary Gifted Students: The Sibling Relationship, Self-Concept And Classroom Behavior, Karen Elizabeth Poe West Jan 1991

Siblings Of Elementary Gifted Students: The Sibling Relationship, Self-Concept And Classroom Behavior, Karen Elizabeth Poe West

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This study was undertaken for the purpose of determining if the siblings of gifted elementary students differ significantly from siblings of non-gifted elementary students in sibling affection, self-concept, or observable classroom behavior; and to investigate the relationship between sibling affection and self-concept, sibling affection and observable classroom behavior, and self-concept and observable classroom behavior.;The sample was selected from a large, urban school district located in the Mid-South. Thirty-eight pairs of siblings were selected from two-sibling families in which both children were enrolled in grades 3 through 6. Group 1 (Gifted/Siblings) consisted of first-born children who were state certified ...


Interactional Characteristics Of Facial Pain Patients And Their Spouses: Assessment Of Self-Report And Behavioral Observation Measures Of Cohesion, Adaptability, And Marital Satisfaction, Pamela Guyler Boll Jan 1990

Interactional Characteristics Of Facial Pain Patients And Their Spouses: Assessment Of Self-Report And Behavioral Observation Measures Of Cohesion, Adaptability, And Marital Satisfaction, Pamela Guyler Boll

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Twenty-four facial pain patients and their spouses were videotaped answering questions concerning their relationships. This study was designed to more objectively support the clinical impressions of the MCV/VCU TMJ and Facial Pain Research Center's treatment team's view of the interactional characteristics of these couples. Prior to the team offering brief couples psychotherapy for assistance in the resolution of the pain problem, the team needed to assess the pain couples' relationship variables. Adherence to health care providers' recommendations is typically minimal unless all participants agree that specific treatment is warranted. There appears to be a lack of understanding ...