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Educational Assessment, Evaluation, and Research

1998

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Full-Text Articles in Education

The Transition From Education To Work In Australia Compared To Selected Oecd Countries, Phil Mckenzie Dec 1998

The Transition From Education To Work In Australia Compared To Selected Oecd Countries, Phil Mckenzie

Dr Phillip McKenzie

This paper attempts to provide an international perspective on young people's transition from education to work in Australia. It draws on the Organisation for Economic Co- operation and Development (OECD) review of the education-to-work transition process in Member countries, on which the author worked from 1996 to mid- 1998. The first part of the paper provides some background on the OECD review. In the second part, transition structures, processes and outcomes are described in comparative terms, and strengths and weaknesses of the Australian approach are discussed.


The Relationship Of Reading Recovery Teachers' Efficacy To Length Of Service And School System Support, M. Louise Moon Dec 1998

The Relationship Of Reading Recovery Teachers' Efficacy To Length Of Service And School System Support, M. Louise Moon

Dissertations

Existing research results directly relate teachers’ efficacy to student outcomes and to continuing staff development and school context; however, little work has been done to investigate these relationships for Reading Recovery teachers. Reading Recovery (RR) is an early intervention program designed to assist first grade children who are having difficulty learning to read and write. This program requires ongoing staff development and an implementation plan designed to provide appropriate school context; therefore, survey data were collected from Reading Recovery teachers to study relationships between teacher efficacy and (a) their length of service in Reading Recovery and (b) support for RR ...


Students' With Learning Disabilities Perception Of Mnemonic Strategies In Mathematics Instruction, Susan C. Moore Dec 1998

Students' With Learning Disabilities Perception Of Mnemonic Strategies In Mathematics Instruction, Susan C. Moore

Theses & Honors Papers

This was a qualitative as well as quantitative study conducted at a middle school in a rural county in Virginia. The researcher examined learning disabled students for their perceptions of mnemonic strategies in mathematics instruction. After direct instruction and instruction involving mnemonics, the seven subjects were tested. The test scores were examined to determine if there was a significant difference between pre and post scores. After interviewing the subjects, the results indicated five themes: unfamiliarity of procedure leads to anxiety, mnemonics improves performance, students desire more mnemonic strategies, division and other multi-step problems are the most difficult, and an increase ...


International Developments In Vocational Pathways: Lessons For Australia, Phil Mckenzie Nov 1998

International Developments In Vocational Pathways: Lessons For Australia, Phil Mckenzie

Dr Phillip McKenzie

This paper attempts to distil lessons from international developments in the transition from education to work for the current debate on VET in schools in Australia. It draws mainly on the OECD's current review of the education-to-work transition process in Member countries. The first part of the paper provides some background on the OECD review. In the second section, key findings from the OECD project are presented and their implications for Australia discussed. The overall conclusion from the OECD review is that improving young people's transition from education to work requires policy coherence across a wide range of ...


Factors Influencing Assigned Student Achievement Levels, Sheldon Rothman Oct 1998

Factors Influencing Assigned Student Achievement Levels, Sheldon Rothman

Dr Sheldon Rothman

During 1997, teachers in South Australian government schools were asked to assign a level of achievement using the nationally developed curriculum profiles in English, Science, Studies of Society and Environment, and Technology. About one third of state schools participated. Data were collected on student achievement levels, student background factors (age, gender, school card status, aboriginality, special programs), school background factors (CAP, DSP), and teacher confidence in assigning achievement levels using profiles. This paper presents loglinear models to report on relationships between assigned levels and student background, school background, and teacher confidence; relationships among the strands in each learning area; and ...


Ten Years Of Fall-To-Fall Retention, Western Washington University, Carl Simpson Oct 1998

Ten Years Of Fall-To-Fall Retention, Western Washington University, Carl Simpson

Office of Institutional Effectiveness

Executive Summary: Analysis of Fall-to-Fall retention at Western over the period 1987-1997 reveals modest improvement in retention rates, some traditional patterns, and some surprises. Particular groups are identified by the analysis as highest priority for university attention aimed at increasing retention. Western's overall Fall-to-Fall retention rate increased steadily from 1987 through 1992, then leveled off, to remain stable or decline very slightly since then. In particular, the retention of entering freshmen rose markedly from '87 through '92 and has declined significantly since 1992, although remaining well above its earlier rate. While the early rise in retention may be attributed ...


Profile Of The 1997 Freshman Class At Western: Comparative Trends And Patterns With A National Sample, Gary (Gary Russell) Mckinney, Joseph E. Trimble Oct 1998

Profile Of The 1997 Freshman Class At Western: Comparative Trends And Patterns With A National Sample, Gary (Gary Russell) Mckinney, Joseph E. Trimble

Office of Institutional Effectiveness

Presentation of selected findings from Cooperative Institutional Research Program (CIRP) survey of first-time, in-coming freshmen. The CIRP is administered nationally by the Higher Education Research Institute (HERI). In the report, some national/local comparisons.


Codebook: The Lsay 1996 School Survey Technical Paper No. 12, Stephen Lamb Oct 1998

Codebook: The Lsay 1996 School Survey Technical Paper No. 12, Stephen Lamb

LSAY Technical Reports

Longitudinal Surveys of Australian Youth is a program of surveys of young people conducted by ACER with funding from the Commonwealth Department of Employment, Education, Training and Youth Affairs. The surveys focus on the education and labour market experiences of groups of young Australians, beginning from their middle years of secondary schooling. Data collected include basic demographic variables, as well as information about educational and labour force participation extending over a number of years. The school survey Students participating in LSAY were originally sampled in 1995 from 298 schools nationally. In 1996 the schools from which the original sample of ...


Longitudinal Surveys Of Australian Youth Is A Program Of Surveys Of Young People Conducted By, Stephen Lamb Oct 1998

Longitudinal Surveys Of Australian Youth Is A Program Of Surveys Of Young People Conducted By, Stephen Lamb

LSAY Technical Reports

Students participating in LSAY were originally sampled in 1995 from 298 schools nationally. In 1996 the schools from which the original sample of students was drawn, took part in a survey to collect information about the features and programs of schools, as well as features of teachers and teaching, which might influence the progress of students in their school and in their later work careers. The survey involved two questionnaires: (1) a school questionnaire to be completed by the principal (or other school representative) and (2) a questionnaire to a sample of ten Year 10 teachers. The school questionnaire collected ...


Koinonia, Skip Trudeau, Tim Johnson, Brent D. Ellis, Mary Jayne Allen Oct 1998

Koinonia, Skip Trudeau, Tim Johnson, Brent D. Ellis, Mary Jayne Allen

Koinonia

In This Issue
Collaboration: Putting Student Learning Theory Into Practice, Skip Trudeau and Tim Johnson

NACE Says 'No' to Alcohol in Recruiting Students, Alumni, Spotlight reprint from the National Association of Colleges and Employers (NACE)

The Paradox of Leadership, Brent D. Ellis

Around Campus
Residence Life Staff and Faculty Collaborate in the Common Curriculum, Mary Jayne Allen

Cooperative Learning Opportunities for the Campus Community, Skip Trudeau and Tim Johnson

Regular Features
President's Corner

Editor's Disk

Annual Conference: Memories of the ACSD 1998 at Calvin College

News from the Regions: Spotlight on the Northwest

Coalition of Christian College Activities ...


Enrollment Report - Fall 1998, Uno Office Of Institutional Effectiveness Oct 1998

Enrollment Report - Fall 1998, Uno Office Of Institutional Effectiveness

Enrollment Reports

The Enrollment Report provides administrative and delivery-site information on enrollment headcount and student credit hours, as well as the demographic characteristics of enrolled students. The purpose of this profile is to provide the undergraduate and graduate enrollments and student credit hour information by college or equivalent academic unit, class, gender and ethnicity.


Volume 12, Number 01, Don Forrester Editor Oct 1998

Volume 12, Number 01, Don Forrester Editor

Reaching Through Teaching

Full text of Volume 12, Number 01 of Reaching Through Teaching.


Fact Book 1998, Uno Office Of Institutional Effectiveness Oct 1998

Fact Book 1998, Uno Office Of Institutional Effectiveness

Fact Book

This seventeenth edition of the University of Nebraska at Omaha Fact Book has been designed to present a variety of information and data, about the University, in a concise, easily-used format. I hope this provides a profile that will expand your understanding of our institution.


Assessing Writing At Western Washington University, Carmen Werder, Donna J. Qualley, Gary (Gary Russell) Mckinney Oct 1998

Assessing Writing At Western Washington University, Carmen Werder, Donna J. Qualley, Gary (Gary Russell) Mckinney

Office of Institutional Effectiveness

A 'White Paper' exploring possible options for the future of writing assessment and the design of a writing program at Western, with an empahsis on embedding writing across the curriculum.


Well-Being Among Young Australians: Effects Of Work And Home Life For Four Youth In Transition Cohorts., Nicole Fleming Sep 1998

Well-Being Among Young Australians: Effects Of Work And Home Life For Four Youth In Transition Cohorts., Nicole Fleming

LSAY Research Reports

This report examines the relationship of well-being with a variety of demographic and economic factors among Australian young people. Influences include gender, income, marital and employment status. Data for this report originated from the longitudinal study 'Youth in Transition' and the results indicate that income, employment and relationships are important for maintaining subjective well-being and happiness.


Youth Earnings In Australia 1980-1994: A Comparison Of Three Youth Cohorts, Gary Marks, Nicole Fleming Sep 1998

Youth Earnings In Australia 1980-1994: A Comparison Of Three Youth Cohorts, Gary Marks, Nicole Fleming

LSAY Research Reports

This report examines hourly earnings among Australian youth. The influences on hourly earnings were analysed in three sections. The first presents the correlation between earnings and social background, school factors, qualifications and labour market history. The second part models earnings using a four step procedure adding, sequentially, social and demographic background factors. school factors, qualifications and Year 12 completion, and employment history. The final section focuses on aging and cohort effects by examining the inmpact on hourly earnings of gender, schooling, qualifications and work experiences at particular ages.


Attitudes To School Life: Their Influences And Their Effects On Achievement And Leaving School, Gary Marks Sep 1998

Attitudes To School Life: Their Influences And Their Effects On Achievement And Leaving School, Gary Marks

LSAY Research Reports

This report investigates students' attitudes to school life. Such attitudes may have some implications for achievement and other outcomes of education. These attitudes can also be used as a measure for educational outcomes in their own right. This study examines three aspects of student attitudes to school life: changes over a time period; the influence of individual and school-level variables on attitudes; and the effect of these attitudes on achievement and leaving school.


Creating School Finance Policies That Facilitate New Goals, Allan Odden Sep 1998

Creating School Finance Policies That Facilitate New Goals, Allan Odden

CPRE Policy Briefs

In this policy brief, Allan Odden argues that it may be time to redesign state and district school finance systems to align them more closely to the standards-based education reform movement and the national goal of teaching all students to rigorous performance standards.

Historically, a major focus of the school finance policy debate was the fiscal disparities across school districts within states. These disparities in per-pupil spending were inversely linked to tax efforts and strongly linked to the size of the local property tax base per pupil. Although the strength of the connection between spending and education quality was debated ...


Academic Comparison Of Athletes And Non-Athletes In A Rural High School, Holt E Zaugg Sep 1998

Academic Comparison Of Athletes And Non-Athletes In A Rural High School, Holt E Zaugg

Faculty Publications

This study compares academic performance, behavior, and commitment of basketball and volleyball athletes and non-athletes in a rural Canadian high school. It compares mid-term and final grades in each school discipline; visits to an administrator for disciplinary visits; and demerit points for improper behavior; and estimates the mean weekly time commitment for athletes in each sport.


Well-Being Among Young Australians: Effects Of Work And Home Life For Four Youth In Transition Cohorts, Nicole Fleming Aug 1998

Well-Being Among Young Australians: Effects Of Work And Home Life For Four Youth In Transition Cohorts, Nicole Fleming

Nicole Wernert

This report examines the relationship of well-being with a variety of demographic and economic factors among Australian young people. Influences include gender, income, marital and employment status. Data for this report originated from the longitudinal study 'Youth in Transition' and the results indicate that income, employment and relationships are important for maintaining subjective well-being and happiness


The Victorian School Of Languages And Ethnic Communities 1935-1988, G Abuiso, Elizabeth Kleinhenz Aug 1998

The Victorian School Of Languages And Ethnic Communities 1935-1988, G Abuiso, Elizabeth Kleinhenz

Dr Elizabeth Kleinhenz

No abstract provided.


Individual And Enterprise Investment In Learning In A Rapidly Changing Economy, Gerald Burke, Mike Long, Jeff Malley, Phil Mckenzie Jul 1998

Individual And Enterprise Investment In Learning In A Rapidly Changing Economy, Gerald Burke, Mike Long, Jeff Malley, Phil Mckenzie

Dr Phillip McKenzie

This paper reports on research undertaken to examine factors that inhibit or promote investment in learning. The context is the rapidly changing economy with a number of features that increase the need for ongoing learning but reduce the likelihood of it being accessed.


Thinking, Inquiry And Community : Teacher Perspectives On Philosophy For Children : A Report On Philosophy For Children In Australia., Suzanne Mellor, Laurence Splitter Jul 1998

Thinking, Inquiry And Community : Teacher Perspectives On Philosophy For Children : A Report On Philosophy For Children In Australia., Suzanne Mellor, Laurence Splitter

Suzanne Mellor (retired)

This report is based on an analysis of 181 completed questionnaires, which sought information on the following: overview of the teachers / schools involved; the philosophy program in the school; the philosophy curriculum in the school; allocation of teaching time in philosophy; teaching and learning in philosophy classes; evaluation / assessment and reporting; professional development and support for teachers of philosophy; and flow-on effects from teaching/learning philosophy. The report concludes with guidelines for further work. [Introduction, ed]


Western Washington University Library Survey Series, Fall 1996-97: Faculty And Staff And Administration, Carl Simpson, Linda D. (Linda Darlene) Clark, Gary (Gary Russell) Mckinney Jul 1998

Western Washington University Library Survey Series, Fall 1996-97: Faculty And Staff And Administration, Carl Simpson, Linda D. (Linda Darlene) Clark, Gary (Gary Russell) Mckinney

Office of Institutional Effectiveness

INTRODUCTION Section One: Faculty At the request of the new University Librarian, Western's Office of Survey Research (OSR) and Office of Institutional Assessment and Testing (OiART) worked with the library's faculty and staff to conduct a series of surveys focusing on library resources and services. Drafts of this report were reviewed by library personnel and their comments and insights were extremely valuable. These surveys were intended to provide a base of information to help guide an in-depth assessment and planning effort aimed at improving Western's library. Indeed, "Western Washington University Libraries: Organizational Directions and Major Strategies: I998- ...


Western Washington University Library Survey Series, Fall 1996-97: Returning And Entering Students, Carl Simpson, Linda D. (Linda Darlene) Clark, Gary (Gary Russell) Mckinney Jul 1998

Western Washington University Library Survey Series, Fall 1996-97: Returning And Entering Students, Carl Simpson, Linda D. (Linda Darlene) Clark, Gary (Gary Russell) Mckinney

Office of Institutional Effectiveness

Section One: Returning Students INTRODUCTION At the request of the new University Librarian, Western's Office of Survey Research (OSR) and Office of Institutional Assessment and Testing (OIART) worked with the library's faculty and staff to conduct a series of surveys focusing on library resources and services. Drafts of this report were reviewed by library personnel and their comments and insights were extremely valuable. These surveys were intended to provide a base of information to help guide an in-depth assessment and planning effort aimed at improving Western's library. Indeed, "Western Washington University Libraries: Organizational Directions and Major Strategies ...


Factors Influencing Youth Unemployment In Australia: 1980- 1994., Gary Marks, Nicole Fleming Jul 1998

Factors Influencing Youth Unemployment In Australia: 1980- 1994., Gary Marks, Nicole Fleming

LSAY Research Reports

Examines unemployment amongst Australian youth between 1980 and 1994. Factors associated with employment levels are discussed including demographic factors, educational achievement and economic indicators.


1997-1998 Profile, Morehead State University. Institutional Research & Analysis. Jul 1998

1997-1998 Profile, Morehead State University. Institutional Research & Analysis.

Office of Institutional Research & Analysis Publication Archives

1997-1998 issue of Profile Magazine.


Core Values And The Road To Change, Madeleine F. Green, Peter D. Eckel, Barbara Hill Jul 1998

Core Values And The Road To Change, Madeleine F. Green, Peter D. Eckel, Barbara Hill

GSE Faculty Research

Higher education draws much of the vocabulary and many of the concepts about change from the corporate sector. Corporations "downsized" and "restructured" in the early 1990s in response to competitive and financial pressures; higher education currently is experiencing similar pressures. Yet change and renewal in higher education are not just about money and becoming more cost-effective. Although these are important objectives, higher education must incorporate changes that improve student learning, foster closer connections with their communities, and adapt to the demands of an increasingly technological society. Reorganizing and cutting costs alone do not suggest how colleges and universities might become ...


State Strategies For Building Capacity: Addressing The Needs Of Standards-Based Reform, Diane Massell Jul 1998

State Strategies For Building Capacity: Addressing The Needs Of Standards-Based Reform, Diane Massell

CPRE Policy Briefs

Over the past decade or more, state policymakers have concentrated on putting the architecture of standards-based reform in place: setting challenging academic content standards and performance standards for all students; and instituting compatible tests, incentives, and accountability systems to reinforce these ambitious outcomes. Many states and districts have also restructured their governance systems to delegate more authority to local decision-makers.

But clearly defined learning goals and accountability systems do not by themselves yield continued improvement in student learning. Some states with high standards and related assessment and accountability programs in place are finding that their early gains in student achievement ...


State Strategies For Building Capacity: Addressing The Needs Of Standards-Based Reform, Diane Massell Jul 1998

State Strategies For Building Capacity: Addressing The Needs Of Standards-Based Reform, Diane Massell

CPRE Policy Briefs

Over the past decade or more, state policymakers have concentrated on putting the architecture of standards-based reform in place: setting challenging academic content standards and performance standards for all students; and instituting compatible tests, incentives, and accountability systems to reinforce these ambitious outcomes. Many states and districts have also restructured their governance systems to delegate more authority to local decision-makers.

But clearly defined learning goals and accountability systems do not by themselves yield continued improvement in student learning. Some states with high standards and related assessment and accountability programs in place are finding that their early gains in student achievement ...