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Full-Text Articles in Education

What Can Early Childhood Education And Care Settings Teach Us About Skills For The 21st Century?, Dan Cloney, Kellie Picker Aug 2019

What Can Early Childhood Education And Care Settings Teach Us About Skills For The 21st Century?, Dan Cloney, Kellie Picker

Dr Dan Cloney

Early childhood education and care (ECEC) settings are naturally oriented towards promoting 21st century skills. This can be seen in Australia, where learning is defined as the development of identity, social and emotional skills, problem-solving, and communication skills. A 21st century orientation is also seen in the playbased pedagogies implemented in ECEC settings. A gap, however, exists in the ability of the ECEC sector to communicate its successes. This gap relates to the lack of measurement tools to quantify the quality of the adult–child interactions in ECEC settings, and children’s growth in these 21 century skills and abilities. This paper …


Extended Mantel-Haenszel Procedure For Dif Detection : A Note On Its Implementation In Acer Conquest, Xiaoxun Sun Dec 2012

Extended Mantel-Haenszel Procedure For Dif Detection : A Note On Its Implementation In Acer Conquest, Xiaoxun Sun

Xiaoxun Sun

Many methods have been developed for studying Differential Item Functioning (DIF). An approach developed by Holland and Thayer (1988) adapted the Mantel-Haenszel (MH) statistic (Mantel and Haenszel 1959). The author of this chapter has implemented MH procedure and its extension in an experimental version of ACER ConQuest which can handle DIF analysis for multiple focal groups and polytomous items. This chapter compares the extended MH procedure in DIF detection to the standardized item difficulty difference method based on the Rasch estimates for both dichotomous and polytomous items. The use of MH method in DIF analysis with multiple focal groups is …


Best Start 2008 : Kindergarten Literacy Assessment, Department Of Education And Training, Nsw : Data Analysis Report, June 2008, Marion O. Meiers, Siek Toon Khoo May 2008

Best Start 2008 : Kindergarten Literacy Assessment, Department Of Education And Training, Nsw : Data Analysis Report, June 2008, Marion O. Meiers, Siek Toon Khoo

Marion Meiers

In 2007 the Australian Council for Educational Research (ACER) was commissioned to supply advice to the NSW Department of Education and Training on literacy assessment instruments suitable for students at the commencement of Year K, for use in the Best start initiative. This report outlines: the modifications made to the literacy assessments developed for the ACER Longitudinal Literacy and Numeracy Study (LLANS) to make it suitable; the testing of the literacy assessment in a sample of kindergartens in New South Wales; analysis of student results; and recommendations.


Self-Review For Higher Education Institutions, Nathan Zoanetti, Patrick Griffin, Ray Adams Dec 2005

Self-Review For Higher Education Institutions, Nathan Zoanetti, Patrick Griffin, Ray Adams

Prof Ray Adams

This paper describes a plausible values imputation approach for deriving population scores on several language proficiency domains. The approach harnessed a multi-dimensional item response analysis combining student responses, rater judgements and student background variables. The target population was grade one and grade two primary school students enrolled in the Hong Kong schooling system. The raters were local teachers of English employed within the sampled schools. The primary objective of this research was to impute plausible values for data where no data was provided or where rater data was deemed suspect. By necessity, a secondary objective of this study was to …


Reliability As A Measurement Design Effect, Ray Adams Dec 2004

Reliability As A Measurement Design Effect, Ray Adams

Prof Ray Adams

Test reliability is a concept central to classical test theory and it is commonly stated as a requirement that a test attain a certain level of reliability before it be considered of sufficient quality for practical use. This article discusses the role of reliability in item response theory, and in particular the role of reliability in contexts where matrix sampling designs are used and concern is with the estimation of population parameters rather than the measurement of individuals. The concept of a measurement design effect is introduced. This concept parallels the concept of sampling design effects, in that it describes …


Measuring Individual Differences In Change With Multidimensional Rasch Models, W Wang, M Wilson, Ray Adams Dec 1997

Measuring Individual Differences In Change With Multidimensional Rasch Models, W Wang, M Wilson, Ray Adams

Prof Ray Adams

Item response models have been developed to explore change measurement, including those proposed by Fischer and his colleagues. In this article the authors propose another multidimensional Rasch model, the multidimensional random coefficient multinomial logit (MRCML) model. All these models are briefly reviewed and compared. The MRCML can be applied to not only polytomous items but also investigation of variations in item difficulties. Based on variations in difficulties across occasions and items, five kinds of models are proposed. Some simulation studies were conducted to examine parameter recovery of the MRCML model under various testing situations. All the parameters were recovered very …


Applications Of Item Response Theory In The Third International Mathematics And Science Study, E Gonzalez, Ray Adams, Marg Wu Dec 1996

Applications Of Item Response Theory In The Third International Mathematics And Science Study, E Gonzalez, Ray Adams, Marg Wu

Prof Ray Adams

The Third International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) is a survey of mathematics and science achievement sponsored by the International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement. With more than 45 participating countries, three target populations, more than thirty languages, 15,000 schools, more than half a million students, TIMSS is the largest and most ambitious international study of educational achievement ever undertaken. Students participating in the assessment were administered one of eight achievement tests that contain items in mathematics and science, using a variety of item formats. As TIMSS is an international study, many audiences will look at the results …


Rasch Models Of Multidimensionality Between Items And Within Items, W Wen-Chung, M Wilson, Ray Adams Dec 1996

Rasch Models Of Multidimensionality Between Items And Within Items, W Wen-Chung, M Wilson, Ray Adams

Prof Ray Adams

This chapter focuses on Rasch measurement and extends it to multidimensional Rasch models. The author first clarifies multidimensionality at two levels: the item level and the test level. With this two way classification, three kinds of tests are formed: undimensional tests, multidimensional between-item tests, and multidimensional within-item tests. The author describes a multidimensional Rasch model, the multidimensional random coefficients multinomial logit (MRCML) model, for multidimensional tests. The model, when applied to multidimensional between-item tests, is more efficient than are unidimensional models in terms of model fit and reliability indices. The model can also be applied to investigate scale interaction of …


Bias In Weighted Likelihood Estimation When Using The Rasch Model, D Roberts, Ray Adams Dec 1996

Bias In Weighted Likelihood Estimation When Using The Rasch Model, D Roberts, Ray Adams

Prof Ray Adams

There are three methods of maximum likelihood estimation that are commonly used with Rasch item response models: Joint maximum likelihood, which provides point estimates for both person and item parameters; conditional maximum likelihood, which produces estimates for the item parameters only, and marginal maximum likelihood, which produces estimates of the item parameters and parameters of the distribution from which it has been assumed that the persons have been sampled. A number of approaches have been suggested for obtaining ability estimates for subsequent use in reporting or analysis when either conditional or marginal methods have been used to obtain the item …


Student Progress, Charting Of, Geoff Masters, Ray Adams, M Wilson Dec 1993

Student Progress, Charting Of, Geoff Masters, Ray Adams, M Wilson

Prof Ray Adams

This article looks at the charting of students' progress. It examines learning as an active process, conventional achievement testing, testing for conceptual understanding, constructing ordered outcome categories, and collecting observations.


Educational Measurement: Prospects For Research And Innovation, Geoff Masters Dec 1987

Educational Measurement: Prospects For Research And Innovation, Geoff Masters

Prof Geoff Masters AO

No abstract provided.


Measuring Attitude To School With A Latent Trait Model, Geoff Masters, N Hyde Dec 1983

Measuring Attitude To School With A Latent Trait Model, Geoff Masters, N Hyde

Prof Geoff Masters AO

A latent trait model for rating scales is used to ana lyze responses to an attitude-to-school questionnaire as part of an evaluation of projects operating in 10 West ern Australian schools under the Australian Priority Schools Program. The invariance of item parameter estimates over the 10 schools is examined, and varia tions in item estimates from school to school are stud ied in the light of the different projects operating in these schools. Results show how the investigation of items that do not retain their difficulties from group to group can provide valuable insight into the ways in which calibration …


Defining A 'Fear-Of-Crime' Variable: A Comparison Of Two Rasch Models, Geoff Masters Dec 1981

Defining A 'Fear-Of-Crime' Variable: A Comparison Of Two Rasch Models, Geoff Masters

Prof Geoff Masters AO

No abstract provided.