Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Education Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 31 - 60 of 62

Full-Text Articles in Education

Welfare Identity: Separating The Public From The Private, Michelle Johnson, Debbie Lechuga Jun 2012

Welfare Identity: Separating The Public From The Private, Michelle Johnson, Debbie Lechuga

Adult Education Research Conference

In 1995, Jane Goodwin wrote ―U.S. welfare policy has yet to adequately address a mother‘s two work roles - care-giving and wage-earner‖ (p. 254). The first welfare programs began in the early 1900s and the first statewide Mothers‘ Aid Law passed in 1911. In 1935, the federal government launched a program called Aid to Dependent Children, which later be changed to Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) (Cheng, 2007). Cheng (2007) noted this program was created to address the issue of poverty in the USA by assisting impoverished mothers to financially care for their children. As the welfare system …


Exploring Health And Health Education Participation Of African American Fathers, E. Paulette Isaac, Wilma J. Calvert Jun 2012

Exploring Health And Health Education Participation Of African American Fathers, E. Paulette Isaac, Wilma J. Calvert

Adult Education Research Conference

In recent years, there has been increased attention to the importance of a healthy lifestyle. However, health indicators continue to support a decline in the overall health status of African American men. Studies have adequately explained adults‘ education participation motivations; few have explored African American men‘s motivations to participate in health educational programs. The purpose of this study was to explore African American men‘s motivations for participating in health education. Using focus group interviews, we identified themes which explain their motivations for participation. We discuss three primary health education motivations of African American men. The findings can assist program planners …


Reframing The Meaning Of Self-Directed Learning: An Updated Modeltt, Roger Hiemstra, Ralph G. Brockett Jun 2012

Reframing The Meaning Of Self-Directed Learning: An Updated Modeltt, Roger Hiemstra, Ralph G. Brockett

Adult Education Research Conference

Over the past several decades, self-directed learning (SDL) has been one of the most active areas of inquiry within adult education and learning. Several studies have identified trends in this body of knowledge (e.g., Brockett, Stockdale, Fogerson, Cox, Canipe, Chuprina, Donaghy, & Chadwell, 2001; Conner, Carter, Dieffenderfer, & Brockett, 2009; Kirk, Shih, Holt, Smeltzer, & Brockett, 2012). Since 1987, an international symposium has been held annually to share the latest thinking about SDL theory, research, and practice. In 2002 the International Journal of Self-Directed Learning also began publication.


Education As A Political Act: Community-Based Participatory Research With Union Women, Cindy Hanson Jun 2012

Education As A Political Act: Community-Based Participatory Research With Union Women, Cindy Hanson

Adult Education Research Conference

The Prairie School for Union Women (PSUW), now celebrating its fifteenth year of operation, is unique in its popular education approach while remaining the only labour school in Canada specifically for women. During the annual school, held in a retreat-like setting in Saskatchewan, groups of 60-160 women engage in a non-formal education experience that emphasizes adult learning principles of facilitation and mentoring, and support for activist practices. The embodiment and development of feminist popular education2 curricula and methodologies in the School‘s operation is central to this experience. The study, Innovations, Opportunities and Challenges: The Story of the Prairie School for …


Developing Global Workforce: An Integrative Intercultural Effectiveness Model For International Human Resource Development, Pi-Chi Han Jun 2012

Developing Global Workforce: An Integrative Intercultural Effectiveness Model For International Human Resource Development, Pi-Chi Han

Adult Education Research Conference

Globalization has a significant impact on the field of human resource development (HRD), especially on international HRD (IHRD). The challenge of developing global workforce with intercultural competencies has received extensive attention. It is necessary to reexamine the structure and content of IHRD programs that facilitate individual to be interculturally competent. This paper attempts to propose an integrative intercultural effectiveness (ICE) model, modified from Han‘s (2011) study, as the guidelines for IHRD to identify the process and content in developing intercultural competencies. Keywords: Intercultural Effectiveness (ICE) Competencies, Human Resource Development (HRD), International HRD (IHRD), Cross-cultural Learning, Transformative Learning


Re-Imagining Paulo Freire Through Rortian Neo-Pragmatism, Ramazan Gungor Jun 2012

Re-Imagining Paulo Freire Through Rortian Neo-Pragmatism, Ramazan Gungor

Adult Education Research Conference

Paulo Freire is arguably one of the most well-known educators of our time. Pedagogy of the Oppressed (Freire, 1970) is a very widely read book by an educator in the last century, and is worthy of holding a special place in the history of educational thought (Roberts, 2000). What makes Freire‘s work important is that it does not stand still. It offers itself up to different readings, audiences, and contexts (Giroux in McLaren & Leonard, 1993). This is partially because of the ingenuity of the educators who reinterpreted his work to make it better fit the times and the educational …


Continuing Professional Education Needs Assessments In Emergency Medical Services, Scott Frasard Jun 2012

Continuing Professional Education Needs Assessments In Emergency Medical Services, Scott Frasard

Adult Education Research Conference

Emergency Medical Service (EMS) educators are faced with the daunting task of providing prehospital care providers with quality continuing professional education (CPE) while meeting the needs of various stakeholders. This study sought to find how EMS educators make CPE offering decisions by examining three primary areas: the sources of information used to generate CPE topic ideas, factors that influence decision making, and strategies used to collect and analyze data. Additionally, a comprehensive list of CPE offered by study participants from the last two years was generated, which demonstrates how these three areas drive EMS CPE. Keywords: Emergency Medical Services, EMS, …


Sociocultural Perspectives In An Online Esl Professional Development Program: Are There Transformative Features?, Karin Sprow Forte Jun 2012

Sociocultural Perspectives In An Online Esl Professional Development Program: Are There Transformative Features?, Karin Sprow Forte

Adult Education Research Conference

Colleges and universities across the country are looking for ways to increase accessibility as broad of an audience of learners as possible and are expanding into online formats (Allen & Searman, 2010). This is especially useful for programs designed for both working and non-working adults, who require a more flexible schedule for coursework, or who may not be able to attend courses located at a geographic distance. These institutions of higher education also maintain the larger educational objectives of their programs, including increasing the understanding of the world by the learners and expanding their ―habits of mind‖ (Cranton & King, …


Engineers‟ Perceptions Of Diversity And The Learning Environment At Work: A Mixed Methods Study, Brenda L. Firestone Jun 2012

Engineers‟ Perceptions Of Diversity And The Learning Environment At Work: A Mixed Methods Study, Brenda L. Firestone

Adult Education Research Conference

Women and people of color are particularly underrepresented in the science, technology, engineering, and mathematic (STEM) disciplines. This mixed methods study surveyed 527 engineers and interviewed eight female engineers to examine the current culture climate for diversity in engineering worksites, and how gender, race, and age intersect and affect engineers‘ perceptions of organizational inclusiveness and the learning environment surrounding diversity. Keywords: STEM, women, race, culture climate, diversity, work, mixed methods.


Mature Age Workers‟ Experiences Of Learning In Accredited Courses, Darryl Dymock, Gregory Martin Jun 2012

Mature Age Workers‟ Experiences Of Learning In Accredited Courses, Darryl Dymock, Gregory Martin

Adult Education Research Conference

Understanding how mature age workers come to engage with training programs has become increasingly important in sustaining their employability across lengthening working lives. This paper reports the responses to an online survey of a sample of mostly white-collar mature-age workers (45+) about their experiences in undertaking accredited work-related training in Australia. It presents and discusses their motivations for undertaking further education and training and their perceptions of its relevance to their work and of the efficacy of the teaching and learning processes. The paper concludes by identifying the implications for educational institutions and training organisations.


A Conceptual Framework On The Process Of Personal Transformation In A Primary Health Care Context For Living With A Chronic Illness, Claire-Jehanne Dubouloz, Judy King, Barbara Paterson, Brenda Ashe, Jacques Chevrier, Mirela Moldoveanu Jun 2012

A Conceptual Framework On The Process Of Personal Transformation In A Primary Health Care Context For Living With A Chronic Illness, Claire-Jehanne Dubouloz, Judy King, Barbara Paterson, Brenda Ashe, Jacques Chevrier, Mirela Moldoveanu

Adult Education Research Conference

The objective of this study is to propose a conceptual framework that could explain the process of personal transformation within a Primary Health Care context for people living with chronic illnesses.


Slow Down. Listen. Observe. Know Yourself. Understand Your Own Culture. Get Advice From Others…And Start Planning Early: Instructor Learning And Professional Development In International Field-Based Education, Joellen E. Coryell, Geleana Alston Jun 2012

Slow Down. Listen. Observe. Know Yourself. Understand Your Own Culture. Get Advice From Others…And Start Planning Early: Instructor Learning And Professional Development In International Field-Based Education, Joellen E. Coryell, Geleana Alston

Adult Education Research Conference

Educators who teach abroad participate within a variety of communities and contexts that may (or may not) help them to prepare to teach students in another culture and country. So how do instructors learn to develop the attitudes, behaviors, and values required to teach effectively in the global educational environment? The purpose of this study was to investigate the motivations, preparations, challenges, and personal learning instructors experience when preparing for and teaching in international settings. Key words: faculty professional development, study abroad, international education, international teaching.


Undergraduate Latino Men Speak "Out", Joshua C. Collins Jun 2012

Undergraduate Latino Men Speak "Out", Joshua C. Collins

Adult Education Research Conference

Rosario, Schrimshaw, and Hunter‘s (2004) study of 145 lesbian, gay, and bisexual youth (ages 14-21) revealed, ―Latino youths reported similar levels of comfort with others knowing about their homosexuality as did White youths. However, like the Black youths, Latino youths had disclosed to fewer individuals than had White youths‖ (p. 226). In Latino communities, respect for authority often keeps young LGB-identified people from coming out of the closet about their sexuality to parents or other respected individuals (Rosario et al., 2004). However, these individuals also rely heavily on family and place a high value on those relationships, knowing ―they will …


Enhancing Teaching Skills And Fostering Critical Reflective Practices In The Professional Development Of University Teachers., Mervin E. Chisholm Jun 2012

Enhancing Teaching Skills And Fostering Critical Reflective Practices In The Professional Development Of University Teachers., Mervin E. Chisholm

Adult Education Research Conference

Over the last two decades or so, important new initiatives have been introduced into undergraduate education to advance learning. These initiatives bear witness to the fact that there are higher education professionals who are intimately interested in the transformation of approaches to teaching and learning in the academy (Chisholm, 2007; Costa & Kallick, 1993; O‘Banion, 1997; Wingspread Group on Higher Education, 1993). Some are also interested in thoroughgoing transformation of the teaching and learning through faculty development initiatives. Many of these innovative practices hold out great promise for real advances in student learning and even for changing the culture of …


The Invisible Perpetrator Of Inequality: Modern Conceptualizations Of Social Class And Adult Education, Kimeka Campbell Jun 2012

The Invisible Perpetrator Of Inequality: Modern Conceptualizations Of Social Class And Adult Education, Kimeka Campbell

Adult Education Research Conference

This paper discusses modern conceptualizations of social class stratification in United States adult education. This paper presents Cultural Historical Activity Theory as an analytical tool to elucidate the increasingly over-stratified and invisible nature of social class in the United States. Keywords: Adult Education, social class, United States, socioeconomic status, cultural historical activity theory.


Taking Initiative And Constructing Identity: International Graduate Student Spouses‟ Adjustment And Social Integration In A University Town, Kimeka Campbell, Esther Prins Jun 2012

Taking Initiative And Constructing Identity: International Graduate Student Spouses‟ Adjustment And Social Integration In A University Town, Kimeka Campbell, Esther Prins

Adult Education Research Conference

This paper uses qualitative data to explore the social integration and adjustment of 13 international graduate student spouses (IGSSs) who attended an ESL class in a university town. We examine how IGSSs adjusted to their new community and roles, the strategies used to navigate social spaces, and the factors that shaped their integration. Keywords: adult education, informal learning, ESL, ESOL, international graduate student spouses, sojourner spouses.


Spiritual Pilgrimage As Metaphor And Movement In Adult Learning: The Transformative Journey Toward Wisdom, Perdeta L. Bush, Elizabeth J. Tisdell Jun 2012

Spiritual Pilgrimage As Metaphor And Movement In Adult Learning: The Transformative Journey Toward Wisdom, Perdeta L. Bush, Elizabeth J. Tisdell

Adult Education Research Conference

This paper explores the notion of spiritual pilgrimage in the lives of a multicultural group of adult educators who have been participants in a longitudinal study of their spiritual development, and to some extent how it connects to our own stories as educators and researchers


Using Emancipatory Transformative Learning To Address Smoking Behavior In The Lgbt Community: A Quantitative Study, Larry Bryant, Lorenzo Bowman Jun 2012

Using Emancipatory Transformative Learning To Address Smoking Behavior In The Lgbt Community: A Quantitative Study, Larry Bryant, Lorenzo Bowman

Adult Education Research Conference

This study sought to understand the disproportionately higher smoking rates among LGBT individuals. Additionally, this study sought to aid participants to make meaning of the social and environmental factors that motivate them to smoke. We employ emancipatory and transformative learning theory as a tool to raise awareness among participants and to understand survey findings among this population in one metro area. The findings indicate that the LGBT participants in this study did not rank tobacco use as one of the top three health issues facing the LGBT community. However, half (50.1%) agreed that there is too little emphasis on smoking …


Three Years In The Life Of A Peer Support Initiative For Graduate Students Studying Adult Learning And Leadership – An Action Research Project Implementing The “All Peer Connect Project”, Jeanne E. Bitterman, Yoshie Tomozumi Nakamura, Zachary Van Rossum, Sultana Mustafa Jun 2012

Three Years In The Life Of A Peer Support Initiative For Graduate Students Studying Adult Learning And Leadership – An Action Research Project Implementing The “All Peer Connect Project”, Jeanne E. Bitterman, Yoshie Tomozumi Nakamura, Zachary Van Rossum, Sultana Mustafa

Adult Education Research Conference

The purpose of this action research study is to explore and understand the perceived impacts of a three year peer support initiative on graduate students‘ academic and professional experience and how this initiative can potentially contribute to the development of a community of practice among graduate students. The peer connect program, also referred to as ―Connect ALL‖ was started in the fall semester of 2009 in Adult Learning and Leadership (ALL), a non-cohort program at Teachers College, Columbia University. Under this initiative, each newly admitted student joining the master‘s or doctoral program is matched with a current student or an …


Confronting The Postmodern Malaise: Embracing Education As “Rhizome”, Susan Birden Jun 2012

Confronting The Postmodern Malaise: Embracing Education As “Rhizome”, Susan Birden

Adult Education Research Conference

Jean-Francois Lyotard (1979) theorized that one of key differences between modern and postmodern thought is the understanding of ―metanarratives‖ (see pp. xxiii-xxv). These metanarratives are the grand narratives that legitimate thoughts and actions that are directed toward bringing to pass this overarching idea. Grand narratives attempt to organize and explain great masses of events and multiple schools of thought that otherwise may appear to be unrelated. Following that, Lyotard compared what he believed to be the metanarratives of the modern versus the postmodern eras and the effect of that difference on human beings in our time. In this paper I …


Black Lesbian Spirituality: Hearing Our Stories, Elana C. Betts Jun 2012

Black Lesbian Spirituality: Hearing Our Stories, Elana C. Betts

Adult Education Research Conference

This paper examines the intersection of race, gender, sexual orientation and spirituality, specifically Black lesbian spirituality. One of the difficulties in citing current research is the dearth of published research on the spirituality of women of color, who identify a sexual minority. There have been many studies and books written about spirituality, culture, gender and sexuality, however the study of Black lesbian spiritual identity remains largely untouched. The purpose of this study is to explore how spiritual development and the expression of spirituality is connected to the African American lesbian culture through narrative inquiry meets autoethnography. The findings indicate that …


Learning Through Participatory Video Research: Challenges And Possibilities For Individual Growth And Grassroots Based Social Action, Kyung-Hwa Yang Jun 2012

Learning Through Participatory Video Research: Challenges And Possibilities For Individual Growth And Grassroots Based Social Action, Kyung-Hwa Yang

Adult Education Research Conference

This discussion is based on a participatory video research project carried out on the U.S. health care system with low-income adults in Chicago in 2011. I present the way in which the project was conducted and provoked learning among the participants. While the project offered them an opportunity for performative, communicative, and creative learning, a sense of collectivity and social action was not evident. I raise the question of how to bring about more meaningful social action through individual learning.


A Four-Part Model Of Informal Learning: Extending Schugurensky's Conceptual Model, Elizabeth E. Bennett Jun 2012

A Four-Part Model Of Informal Learning: Extending Schugurensky's Conceptual Model, Elizabeth E. Bennett

Adult Education Research Conference

Adults are learning all the time, especially in an era of knowledge work in which lifelong learning is integral to the economy (Bennett & Bell, 2010). Technology is offering unprecedented access to new information and to knowledge communities, and there is a great need for adults to learn informally to keep up with the fast pace of life. This paper examines informal learning and proposes an extension of Schugurensky‘s (2000) typology, which Merriam, Caffarella, & Baumgartner (2009) describe as occurring in natural settings with learner direction, even if the learner does not recognize learning is occurring. The extension adds another …


Past Meets Present: Margaret Mead As A Case Study Discussion Of Public Pedagogy And Public Scholarship, S.E. Martin, S.J. Bracken Jun 2012

Past Meets Present: Margaret Mead As A Case Study Discussion Of Public Pedagogy And Public Scholarship, S.E. Martin, S.J. Bracken

Adult Education Research Conference

This roundtable aims to present and to create audience discussion of preliminary data categories from an ongoing historical project with implications for contemporary adult education practice. In this case, the researchers analyzed the work of Dr. Margaret Mead, a cultural anthropologist. Dr. Mead was outspoken about the need for all adults to become lifelong learners and of the corresponding responsibility of academics to freely discuss their work and thoughts in public forums in order to stimulate well-informed interest in community, family, and political issues. In fact, in additional to scholarly works, she wrote public essays, editorials, appeared in documentaries, and …


Adult Education For China‟S “Floating Population”:A Conceptual Framework To Guide Policy, Practice And Research, Yibing Liu, Thomas Valentine Jun 2012

Adult Education For China‟S “Floating Population”:A Conceptual Framework To Guide Policy, Practice And Research, Yibing Liu, Thomas Valentine

Adult Education Research Conference

Since the 1980s, the demand for workers in the China‘s industrial cities, coupled with the extreme poverty of rural villages, has resulted in a massive migrant population comprised of adult workers from the countryside who move to industrial cities seeking work while maintaining strong ties to the villages in which they have permanent residence permits. Approximately 200 million Nong-ming-gong (rural migrant workers) now constitute the largest mass migration in human history. These migrant workers have provided China with an indispensable resource for city construction and economic prosperity. However, the cost to the migrant workers themselves has been extreme, as geographic …


Rocky Road: East Asian International Students‟ Experience Of Adaptation To Critical Thinking Way Of Learning At U.S. Universities, Hyun Jung Lee Jun 2012

Rocky Road: East Asian International Students‟ Experience Of Adaptation To Critical Thinking Way Of Learning At U.S. Universities, Hyun Jung Lee

Adult Education Research Conference

This roundtable seeks to understand how Confucius-influenced East Asian international students learn to adapt to and participate in the countervailing Western pedagogy that fosters independent critical thinking and reflection and how these Asian students reconcile these seeming polarities as they engage in their doctoral studies at U.S. universities.


Lower Income African American Women And Hiv/Aids: The Effect Of Contexts On Identity Incorporation, Lisa Baumgartner Jun 2012

Lower Income African American Women And Hiv/Aids: The Effect Of Contexts On Identity Incorporation, Lisa Baumgartner

Adult Education Research Conference

The purpose of this study was to explore how contexts affect the incorporation of the HIV/AIDS identity into the self for lower income African American women. Eleven in-depth interviews were conducted. Situational factors predisposed women to contracting HIV/AIDS and delayed the turning point from their initial emotional reaction. Support from family and friends helped the integration process whereas stigma delayed integration. Race and class negatively affected some women‘s experience of living with HIV/AIDS. These findings have implications for health educators.


Who Are We Becoming? A Critical, Communicative, Reflective, Transformative, Timely Inquiry Into The Coming-To-Be Of Adult Education In The Early 21st Century, Aliki Nicolaides, Dominique T. Chlup, Robin Redmon Wright, Joellen E. Coryell, Dianne Ramdeholl, Thomas D. Cox Jun 2012

Who Are We Becoming? A Critical, Communicative, Reflective, Transformative, Timely Inquiry Into The Coming-To-Be Of Adult Education In The Early 21st Century, Aliki Nicolaides, Dominique T. Chlup, Robin Redmon Wright, Joellen E. Coryell, Dianne Ramdeholl, Thomas D. Cox

Adult Education Research Conference

The perspectives included in this collaborative document reflect the authors‘ initial inquiry to explore who are we becoming as adult educators. We present five unique points of view that our role as adult educators holds potential to help adults seek ways into their own deep inquiries of what are true, beautiful, and just ways of life. Our inquiries give expression to how might we create conditions for truth, beauty, and justice to emerge in our communities, in the systems that we work in, that govern us and that make way for our individual collective humanity? The time is ripe to …


Factors That Predict Involvement In Online Instruction; A Comparison Of Full-Time And Part-Time Community College Faculty, Duane Akroyd, Susan Bracken, Bess Patton, Melissa Jackowski Jun 2012

Factors That Predict Involvement In Online Instruction; A Comparison Of Full-Time And Part-Time Community College Faculty, Duane Akroyd, Susan Bracken, Bess Patton, Melissa Jackowski

Adult Education Research Conference

Community college faculty represent more than one-third of all faculty within postsecondary education institutions and educate nearly half of all first-time college students (Cohen & Brawer, 2008; Gahn & Twombly, 2001; Huber, 1998; Jaeger & Eagan, 2009). Increasingly, two-year institutions are employing more part-time faculty. From 1988 to 1993, the percentage of part-time faculty at public two-year institutions rose from 52% to 62% (U.S. Department of Education, 1997). According to Outcalt (2002), part-time faculty now account for nearly 65% of all community college faculty. Although the use of part-time faculty is increasing in two-year institutions, part-time community college faculty are …


Who Were The Women? In-Depth Analysis Of Four Additional Early Women Adult Educators, Susan Imel, Gretchen T. Bersch Jun 2012

Who Were The Women? In-Depth Analysis Of Four Additional Early Women Adult Educators, Susan Imel, Gretchen T. Bersch

Adult Education Research Conference

In the early years of the field of adult education in the United States, women were prominent contributors to the growth of the field, particularly to the literature base. Previous publications provide some explanation for why women moved from the center to the margins as contributors to the field‘s literature base after the early period, but no extended analysis of the early women contributors has been conducted. This research project is designed to address that gap. The initial phase of the project, reported during a 2008 AERC Roundtable, examined the roles of women in developing the literature base from 1926-1941, …